EDITORIAL- Big Job to Catch Up With Russia on Rockets Whether the new Soviet Lunik finally does everything it is supposed to do exactly according \o play is no longer the question. It has accomplished enough to add great new luster to Russia's reputation in the space field. First Russia hit the moon and now it appears to have looped it with a stunning satellite flight that may bring the world its first knowledge of the moon's dark side. It is one more demonstration of the Soviet Union's evident mastery of the problem Of rocket power. Most scientists seem to credit (hat victory as crucial to the subsequent Russian successes with space vehicles. Soviet rockets are believed capable of developing an initial thrust roughly twice as great as we can muster. Our rocket research officials declare frankly this puts us in second place in the space race for an uncertain time ahead. To come abreast of Russia in rocket power we are relying on the Saturn rocket, which is actually a cluster of rocket engines designed to produce a thrust of 1,500,000 pounds — about twice Russia's believed present maximum. Yet there is nothing in this prospect to give us early comfort. For one thing, Saturn's future is tangled up in a budget and organization review of the whole U.S. space program. For another, clustering rocket engines is a technique the Russians might employ as easily as we. We have no assurance that a Time* Herald, Carroll, la. Monday, Oct. 12, 1959 successful Saturn would indeed find us catching them. The latest Lunik shows they do not rest on their laurels. Nor do they rest content with solving but one problem. Their moon-hit and moon-loop shots suggest strongly they are conquering with amazing skill the intricate difficulties of rocket guidance, once our vaunted specialty and our offset to Russia's superior rocket thrust. U.S. officials can with good sense assert that Russia's space achievements do not mean it is likewise ahead on intercontinental missiles. It is felt we are roughly equal in this vital defense field. ^fet we should have to be utterly fool hardy not to fear that the tremendous momentum the Russians have developed in space exploration will not make decisive impact in the field of weapons. Our misfortune — and it could one day be tragedy — is that Soviet momentum was achieved from a start made in 1945. We waited almost 10 years before we awoke and began moving frantically to try to catch up. We are still trying. Thoughts A tranquil mind gives life to the tiesh, but passion makes the bones rot.—Proverbs 14:30. Passion is the drunkenness of the mind.—Bishop South. Building Apparel Trades Benefit from New Labor Act BY PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) —Sen. John F. Kennedy (D-Mass.) was roundly criticized at the recent AFL-CIO convention in San Francisco for his role in passage of the new labor reform legislation. But to union members in the construction and apparel industries, Kennedy is a hero. This includes the powerful building trades unions and both the men's clothing and ladies' garment workers organizations. Conversely, employers in these two industries feel that they have been given a dirty deal by some provisions in the new law. They can be prevented from giving subcontracts to nonunion firms. In some cases this will amount to virtual imposition of the closed shop. Both industries are exempted from the secondary boycott restrictions applying in other lines of business. And special "hot cargo" privileges are given to building trades unions in the construction industry. Under the new law's pre-hire provisions, building contractors will be permitted to hire nonunion workers if they agree to join the union within seven days. Previous law gave nonunion employes 30 days in which to join up. Building trade union officials objected to this on the grounds that construction jobs for some crafts are completed in less than 30 days. So in effect, under the 30-day rule, open shop conditions prevail. This gap is now closed. In another provision affecting construction industry employers, building trades unions will now be permitted by law to bargain for a new contract clause. It will require employers to hire only labor that has a specified apprenticeship training or a minimum seniority of so many years in any geographic labor market This could have the effect of banning employment of any nonunion labor or any new workers moving into a given area. For the construction industry thoro is another special provision that there can be no requirement lor union membership if this is prohibited by state law. This is taken to mean that it will not be applicable in the 20 stales lliat now have right-to-work laws. But right-to-work law advocates feel that this new federal provision will bypass right-to-work laws. Court tests will probably be necessary to clarify. Building trade unions can also Daily Times Herald Dally Except Sundays and Holiday! By The Herald Publishing Company 515 N. Main Street Carroll, towa JAMES W. WILSON. Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-class matte* at. post office at Carroll, low*, under the act of March 8, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press U entitled exclusively to the use for republic* tion ol aiJ the local news printed to this newspaper as well U all AP dl* patches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week 9 <89 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, per year ---- J12.00 - Per Month . i.40 l-Ul WUUIU ——.—.—i n ii — Outside of Carroll and Adjoin Ing Counties In Zone* 1 and 2 per year --- ______*18.00 * States, per year Per Month in the United 19.00 ask for contract clauses which wil' prevent a prime contractor from making contracls wilh non-union subcontractors. In the other direction, union subcontractors could be asked for contract clauses which would prevent them from doing work for nonunion prime contractors. / These restrictions would apply only to construction, alteration painting or repair work done al the building site. They would not apply to off-site work or to sup> plies. In the apparel industry, exemp tion from the antiboycott proyis ions of the law is granted to job bers, manufacturers, contractors or subcontractors performing parts of an integrated process of produc tion. What this is taken to mean is that in organizing drives, unions in the apparel industry are free to use the secondary boycott. These changes in the labor law are not expected to affect employ er practices in highly organizec employment centers like New York and Chicago. But in cities like Bait imore and Washington where build ing trades workers are about hall organized and half unorganized, ii will mean a squeeze on the non union employers. In the apparel industry outside the metropolitan areas, where open shops are more commonly found union organization will be made easier. Easy, Easy to Make Cap your hair-do with a "halo of veiling — so pretty, so fllrtutiou for day or evening. Fashions love! SIX fuee-riat tering veil caps — all quick to inukt so Inexpensive. Trim with vt-lve ribbons, feathers. Pattern 74b5: easy easy directions. Send Thirty-five cents (coins each pattern for Ist-class mailing Send to Dally Times Herald, 23 Household Arts Dept., Box 16 Old Chelsea Station, New York, 11 N.Y. Print plainly NAME, AD DRESS. ZONE. I'ATTEHN NUMHIU JUST OUT! Our New 1960 Allc Brooks Needlecraft BOOK contain THREE FREE Patterns. Plus idea galore for home furnishings, fash Tons, gifts, toys, bazaar sellers—ex citing unusual designs to croche knit, sew, embroider, huck weave quilt Be with the newest — send a, canto DOWI For Glamour Dolls Printed Pattern It's the gift a little girl loves best —a wardrobe tor her grownup doll. Beginner-easy Pattern Includes three Iresses, blouse, pedal pushers, coat and petticoat. Fun to sew! Tomor- •ow's pattern: Misses' casual dress. Printed Pattern 9302: For dolls 10',2, 18, 20 and 22 inches tall. Yard ages in pattern. State size. Printed directions on each pattern part. Easier, accurate. Send Thirty-five cents (coins) for this pattern — add 10 cents for each pattern for first-class mailing Send to Marian Martin., Daily Times Herald, 25 Pattern Dept.. 232 West 18th St., New York 11, N.Y. Print plainly NAME, ADDRESS with ZONE. SIZE and STYLE NUMBER Remember Way Back When Nineteen Nine— The south side livery barn ha been sold to J. Jacobson of Exira who will conduct the same. Nineteen Nine— Lawyer C. E. Reynolds has moved into the Dacewitz property on North Main Street recently vacated by Ben Robinson. Nineteen Nine— he city of Carroll is witHout an engineer, Henry Hanssen having handed in his resignation at the las' regular council meeting. This is a bad time for the city to be withou the services of an engineer in the midst of sewer extension. Nineteen Nine— Mrs. Lizzie Poyneer and daugh ter Lois, who have been visiting at the J. A. Strohm home for sev eral days, left Thursday to spend the winter at Riverside, Calif. Q _ HOW does a lunar rainbow differ from one produced by the sun? A — Occasionally, a rainbow Is formed by the light of the moon The feebleness of the light paints the glowing bow in very faint col ors, which are difficult to observe The moon's rainbow differs from the sun's only in intensity of color Q — Who was the only woman judge of Israel? A — Deborah. Q — Was writing the only pro fession of Edward Everett Hale? A — No, Hale was a brillian American clergyman who wrote more than 50 books. For the las six years of his life, he was chap lain of the U. S. Senate. Q _ Which aquatic bird does not fly? A — The penquin. SO THEY SAY We must remember that only about 2 per cent of the teenagers get into trouble. The other 98 pe cent have higher ideals than an> other generation of young peopl in this country's history. — Dr Arthur Schuck, chief executive o the Boy Scouts of America. Seeing a woman in a brassier isn't any more indecent than show ing Miss America in a bathing suit .... Besides the day o just a foundation is gone. Some o them are so beautiful it's a sham to put clothes over them. — Foun dation garment manufacturer Hen ry Plenn, defending TV advertis ing of his product. I'm going to frame that an hang it right beside Omar Brae ley. — Washington policeman El mer Skinner, who was given an autographed photograph of Mrs Nina Khrushchev. Barbs A doctor says that music is lik medicine. Some of that we hea when the gal next door practice on the piano sure js hard to take Now that bathing season is ove it's the trees turn to show their bare limbs. Speed maniacs are people wh drive so fast they don't even stoj to think. If eggs do their usual price jum come winter the li'l ol hen ca laugh at the goose that laid th golden egg. Cockling of Hens Mokes This Fellow Fly The Coop In England a 71-year-old retired ireman said he was thinking of withdrawing from the "Silver Lin- ng Club" because there weren't any other men in it. The men expected to join later ust didn't turn up and the lone ellow discovered that being the one and only man in a group of women wasn't exactly parad i s e but was in fact, "a bit boring." I'll bet those little old ladies in he "Silver Lining Club" will miss heir one masculine companion if he does up and leave them flat. But obviously they've made the mistake so many women make when they get together. They've robably been talking woman talk and leaving that poor lone man completely out of their conversa- ions. I'll bet if they had asked him to ell them about his most exciting moments in fire fighting, had found out what his interests were and encouraged him to talk about those, if hey had made him feel big and strong and important — he never would have found their company boring. And they would have been sure of havirig at least one man around to pretty up for and flatter and fight over — in a nice ladylike way, or course. It's not just old ladies who forget that men are bored to tears with too much typically feminine chatter. A lot of women seem to forget that important fact once they become matrons. Go to any party where all the guests are married couples and you'll find the women conversationally ignoring the men. Of course, before the evening is over the men usually get off by themselves and talk about things that interest them. But even that puts them in the doghouse, for married women hate to see their husbands get off in huddle and leave the women alone. And yet they won't make the least effort to talk about subjects that the men find interesting. (All Rights Reserved, NKA Service. Inc.) (Patent 'Crowd Acceptance' Akin To 'Family Acceptance' BY MRS. MURIEL LAWRENCE The parents are charming, sophisticated and proudly noncon- ormist. They espouse unpopular causes, vote independently and are probably the only people in their neighborhood who don't own a TV set. Last year, their 14-year-old girl upset them terribly. She not only announced a wish to attend a cer- ;ain Sunday school but declared ler belief in God. "We're going out of our minds!" her mother told me. "Her father and I have been agnostics all our lives. I suppose it's this 'group acceptance' thing. The kids Bea goes with attend this Sunday school so she has to attend it too. Well, Jim's talking her out of it. Who'd ever lave thought he and I would produce a religious fanatic?" They succeeded in talking Bea out of her interest in Sunday school. The parents who are so jealous of their right to differ from their neighbors have done a fine job of squelching their child's right to differ from them. I think their scorn of "group acceptance" a little funny. Because the first group a child belongs to is his family. If every time he differs from his family, its respect and acceptance of him is withdrawn, he is going to ex pect disrespect and rejection to re suit from difference with other groups. So he's not going to differ from them. When his interest in his family group starts extending to new ones, he's going to be as submissive to the new ones as he was to the old. Though he may not agree with his own age group, he'll be as scared of protesting its opinions as he was of protesting ours. Today, parents are increasingly impatient with young people's passion for losing their individuality in their groups. We're tired of buying Janey un becoming knee socks because "everybody wears them." We resent having to tolerate late hours because "the other kids" keep them. We shake our heads when Janey insists on serving her party punch in paper cups because her "crowd" considers it the thing to do. We wonder what on earth is going to happen to young people who are only safe when their "crowd" is doing their thinking for them. When we get tired enough of it. maybe we'll be ready to look at the agreement we've demanded as the price of our "acceptance" and stop squelching difference from the family group. * THE DOCTOR SAYS Here Are Surprising Facts About The Common Cold By HAROLD HYMAN, M.D. Written for NEA Service The common cold is the most annoying and humiliating illness with which your doctor has to deal. His annoyance and humiliation are increased if he has to interrupt his recommendations to you while he clears his own nose or throat. Your family doctor is the first to admit he can't "cure" a cold. The most he can do is to ease your discomforts and prevent complications. He also can reduce the amount of money that's thrown away for useless products. Maybe you remember Benjamin Franklin's advice to readers of his "Poor Richard's Almanac," in 1736: "He is the best physician who knows the greatest number of useless remedies." These are the facts about the common cold: It is caused by one or more of a large family of related viruses, many of whom bear litlle resemblance of their next-of-kin. Commercial cold and respiratory vaccines, whether taken by mouth or injected under the skin, are of no value. They are mixtures of ba- teria that do not cause the common cold and contain none of the viruses that do cause it. True virus vaccines are now being tried by U.S. Armed Forces and doctors at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. But they are useful only when cold is caused by one or two members of the large family of cold viruses. Catching cold has little to do with subfreezing temperat u r e s, draughts, chilling, wet feet or soaked clothing. Aviators afloat on a raft in the open sea and Eskimos living in the Arctic circle do not "catch cold" unless they meat some one who's giving nose-and- throat-room to the pesky virus. Lowered resistance has little to do with catching cold. An epidemic will sweep a foolball squad as rapidly as it goes through a nursery. Diet has little to do with catching cold. Citrus fruits and other foods rich in vitamin C are pleasant lo take. But, unless you're so deficient that your gums bleed and your skin is peppered with black and blue spots, you're no more apt to catch cold than anyone else. By the same token, you won't prevent a cold, lessen its duration or severity, or ward off complications by overloading with vitamin C or any other vitamin, alone or in combination. When you develop a cold, you may be sure that the source of your infection was someone who made you a present of the virus by breathing close to you, sneezing or coughing in your vicinity, shaking hands with you after handling a soiled handkerchief, kissing you or being kissed by you. Later, if you are equally care less, you'll pass the virus along to others and, most particularly, to members of your ( household, co workers or classmates. Here's what you can do to pro tcet others from catching your cold: Use disposable tissues instead o the objectionable pocket handker chief. Cover your hose and mouth with tissues when you are in close con tact with others, when you sneeze cough or blow your nose. Scrub your hands after you've used a soiled tissue. Rinse tableware that's been in contact with your lips. Sleep alone. Don't let anyone else touch the pillowcase. Avoid kissing and being kissed If your household includes an in fant, an invalid or an elderly per son, remain at arm's length unles you wear a mask that has at leas three thicknesses of gauze. I'll admit these precautions are maybe impossible — to carry out But the alternative is the near cer tainty that you'll spread the infec tion. Later, if others in turn ar equally careless, you'll probablj gel back Ihe unwanted present you gave. Then the infection w i 1 bounce around your household from late fall to early summer. Tomorrow: Treatment of the Common Cold. MAKE FRIENDS If there are so many relative that exchanging Christmas gift has become a financial burden why not draw names so that each adult gives another adult a gift anc t aeh child gives another child a gift? I960 LINCOLN ... A striking profile for the 196» Lincoln is the result of a completely redesigned roof which gives the car a more formal look. The different shaped rear window has 177 additional square inches of glass area for improved rearward viaibility. Inside, the instrument panel has been completely restyled to give the car a pre» cision look. A smoother ride and greater handling ease are the result of a New Hotchkiss rear suspension with leaf springs. Tn addition to th« Lincoln four-door landau (shown abovft) there is a two-door hardtop and a four-door sedan in the Lincoln and Premiere series. Lake View Auburn School News (Compiled for School by Correspondent) Vol. 3 No. fi John Brown's Famous Raid 700 Years Ago LUNCH MENUS Monday — Spaghetti and meat, cabbage and apple salad, colkinc cheese, bread and butter, cookie .and milk. Tuesday — Chicken and noodles, cidney bean salad, bread and but- ;er, cinnamon roll, milk. Wednesday — Wiener wink s, green beans, carrot and celery sticks, peanut butter sandwich, rice pudding, milk. Thursday — Ham salad sandwich, buttered corn, beet pickles, apple crisp, milk. Friday — Tuna and noodles, cheese sticks,, tossed salad, bread and butter, cherry cobbler and milk. CLASS NEWS Second grade Auburn (Gladys Green, teacher) — We are enjoying our stories in reading, have 3een working hard on phonics and are drilling on addition and sub- xaction with flash cards. Allan Dentlinger celebrated his birthday on Oct. 2 with treats for his class. Records were played and the airthday song sung. Third grade (Carrie Hungate) — The third grade has been observing Fire Prevention week by learning that fire is a friend as well as a terrible enemy. At noon they helped to rid the playground of litter which might be a fire hazard. They observed letter writing week by learning the rules of good letter writing and wrote to their lit tie friends. Their health chart is helping to remind them of their daily health chores such as brush ing their teeth and to bring a clean hanky each day. They are grateful for the library books and the games which were brought to them. Fifth grade (Marilyn Williams) —The 16 boys and 9 girls in the class are taking a trip through the United States in their social studies class. At present they are in the southern states. Mrs. Williams showed a very interesting movie on West Virginia and its natural resources. They have especially enjoyed watching the school time programs on their new TV set. The class is learning to name and find verbs in a sentence. There is a colorful display of pumpkins, gourds and Indian corn on the library table. Spatter paintings of different leaves were made in art class. The class has been catching insects and butterflies and after they were placed in their killing jar they were mounted in boxes padded in cotton and covered with glass. A large poster with a sci- once poem "Seed Travelers" is mounted on the blackboard. We would be happy to have you visit our classroom at anytime. Come and see us. Seventh grade — In math we are reviewing what we learned last year; in English we are reading stories and testing our reading speed rates. We elected officers fot our Language Arts Clubs. In social studies we have been studying about climates and how they effect the occupations of the people We have been discussing in sci ence the atmosphere which blan kets the earth. We are outlining the textbook. Eighth grade — In science we have been studying about different clouds and what they stand for. Also we have been reading about the general storm areas. In civicb we have studied about city govern ment and we are going on now to JOHN BROWNS RAID T (A century iijfo the Riilf between North and South wag rapidly widening. But the smoldering "animosity over slavery •\v-ns yet tn be Ignited by one (Imniiitlc, emotionally charRed incident. Thin was provided by a stubborn, passionate man and the se.ttitiK "e chose wan Harper's Ferry. Here Is the first of two stories on John Brown's momentous raid 100 years as;o.) By JOHN TAJNDQUIST HARPERS FERRY, W.Va. (AP) — The men were eager to get going. For weeks, most had been liciing by day in the farm house, venturing out only at night. Now in the chill rain of an October evening, they loaded a wagon with a sledge hammer, crowbars and a quantity of pikes — long- landlcd poles with sharp metal tips. A bearded old man with fierce, turning eyes mounted the wagon _:nd tugged at the reins. It creeked onto the narrow Maryland road. Jighteen men fell in two abreast behind, rifles on their shoulders and two revolvers in each belt. The date was Sunday, Oct. 16, 1859, and John Brown was begin- county government. In history we reviewed the colonization of the United States. Eighth grade has aeen having a review of fractions in math. Both sections of the class mjoyed programs in Language Arts Club last Friday. JR. HIGH ELECTIONS (Auburn) Seventh grade — President, Ron nie Miles; vice president, John Sproul; secretary, Mike Schone boom; treasurer, Duane Ziegm'an Eighth grade — President, Da vid Bauer; vice president, Jim Peck; secretary-treasurer, Ear Ericson; cheerleaders: Ann Irwin Verna Libby, Linda Rice, Darlen Spurling and Becky Wiegel. Girl Scouts Have Hayride at Lanesboro (Times Herald News Service) LANESBORO — The Girl Scouts had a hayride Saturday night with Roger Snyder furnishing the trac tor and rack for their ride. Mr and Mrs. Carl Jenkins chaperonec the youngsters and the invited guests. Following the ride, Mrs Fred Seeden, Mrs. John Harms anc Mrs. Del Whiting served refreshments at the Scout building. Members of the 0. D. 0. Club met Friday afternoon at the home of Myrtle Beegle with Mrs. John Malen as hostess. Eleven members answered roll call with "Supersti tions." Guests were Mrs. Roy Harshbarger, Besse Drew, and Mrs. Everett Mosher, LeMar. Colo Mrs. Flossie Mosher presided al the meeting in the absence of the president and vice-president. The next meeting will be Nov. 6 at the home of Mrs. Anna Hunt. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Main had as overnight guests in their home Mrs. Main's brother-in-law and sis ter, the Rev. and Mrs. Leon East man, Waubay, S. D. Dinner guests besides the Rev. and Mrs. East man were Mrs. Warren Bliss, Des Moines, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Laugh lin and family, Boone, Mr. anc Mrs. Vernon Kraft and family Vernon Main and family and John Main. Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Widman, Mr $nd Mrs. S. C. Zimbeck, and Mr and Mrs. George Widman of Storm Lake drove to Sisseton, S. D. where they will spend a few days in the home of Mr. and Mrs. EC Widman and also visit relatives a DeSmitt. S. D. ing a march that led to the scaf- old — and immortality. His taret: Harpers Ferry and its fed- ral arsenal four miles away :cross the Potomac in Virginia, lis mission; to free the slaves, verywhere. Next weekend Harpers Ferry, .vith a present population of 1,500, ill hold a commemorative ob- ervance of the event. When Brown struck his blow at/ ilavery, the town was a community of some 3,000. It was still in Virginia; not until the Civil War did the western part of the Old Dominion split off and became a a new state, West Virginia. Then, its industry was mainly weapons, an important factor in Brown's choice. The town is located on a point of land that slopes sharply down . >etween the arms of a Y formed jy the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. In those days bridges stretched from the city across the Potomac on one side and the Shenandoah on the other. John Brown had the look and manner of a leader. Although 59, was vigorous in step and bearing. His firm, white-bearded face was topped by a shock of thick tiair. There is argument about Brown's precise plan, but apparently he expected that both antislavery whites and Negro slaves in this border region would rise to his support once he had stuck forcefully at slaveholders. His band crossed the Potomac bridge at Harpers Ferry, captured its civilian guard, and moved in on the arsenal, armory and rifle works without opposition. Telegraph lines were cut, temporarily isolating the town. Soon the town was awakening to the intrusion, and the 34 hours that Brown's raid lasted were crowded with pathos, revenge and courage. There was also irony. A raider guarding the Potomac bridge mortally wounded Heyward Shepherd, a free Negro bag- gagemaster who had failed to obey a command to halt. Other victims included the town's beloved mayor, Fontaine Beckham, who was shot peeking around a water tank Monday afternoon to see what was happening to his community. Two raiders captured by citizens were killed. As day broke Monday, Brown's chances to get away with booty from the arsenal slipped by. No support came for his crusade. By Monday night, Marines under Col. Robert E. Lee—later to command the Confederate armies in the Civil War—arrived from Washington to spell the militia which had rushed in from nearby towns. Lee's assistant was Lt. J. E. B. Stuart, who would soon be plaguing Union armies as the South's ablest cavalry leader. John Brown and his remaining men were boxed up in the small, brick fire engine house, only five among them still unwounded. Among those dying on the cold floor were two of Brown's sons, Oliver and Watson. Oliver, just 20, died Monday night. Watson lay moaning nearby, beseeching his father to end his sufferings. "If you must die, die like a man," John Brown said. By next morning, Watson, 24, was dead. And now as he crouched with his helpless raiders and about 10 prisoners in the fire house, death drew near to John Brown himself. Next: Victory in Failure. 1960 EDSEL . . . Fresh styling and roomy interiors characterize the EdseJ for 1'JtiU. The Ranger four-door sedan, above, is one of seven low cost models which also include a two and four- door hardtop, two-door sedan, convertible and two Villager station wagons. Wide tread design with extra long springs assure a smooth, stable ride. Edsel's six and standard V-8 engines operate efficiently and economically on regular gasoline.
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