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4 Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday, Sept. 6, 1972 Editorials • • .What we think about... Olympics terrorism . . . Road blockade . Frightening the world Arab commandoes have been most Ingenious in their lactics for generating terror In the world. I Throughout their activities they have Sdpght to bring some sort of functions to a standstill. They have crippled air travel to a certain extent. But they reached the depths of their villainy Tuesday. They brought to a standstill a worldwide pageant based on physical supremacy and seeking to promote international goodwill (though some of the internal operations of the games might have fallen short of that aim). Apparently tbs Arab commandoes do not seek peace and wcr'..r«ide fellowship — except at their price. And they acc-o?' r.o other price. Yet they apparently do not know what the end price is. No spokesman as yet has indicated what the world would be like if they assumed control, for instance. No one has bothered to describe what What YOU think Latest in 6 Lit' their long-range aims are — except to gain control and have their way. Or do they seek only to return their Arabic tribes to the rule of their part of the world, and oust the state of Israel? A shamefully narrow aim when compared with the end result. They are devoted to violence and sacrifice of lives (the other fellow's). They seek to compel the world's attention to their problem, which might be adjusted with comparative ease through honest negotiations, with goodwill on both sides. Teli world may well be forced — and the compelling power now is focused through the Olympics incident — to increase the severity with which it seeks to control these Arab commando forces. They may have to be dealt with in the only terms they apparently understand: Terror, physical punishment, death. One of the aims they sought to gain by their commandeering of the Israeli athletes was freeing of prisoners held by the Israeli government. In the future the Israeli government may have to eliminat this factor as a motive behind such attacks. One of the big aims of the raid, we are satisfied, was to force cancellation of the current Olympic games. In this, thanks to decisions announced this morning, the commandos were thwarted. Builders could do better A recurring theme in most public improvements proects on streets, highways, and sewers is that of contractors virtually ignoring the need of residents to get to and from their homes while construction work is going on. Most residents will not deny that some inconvenience is necessary during construction, the noise, the dust, a walk down the block. However, in the rash of complaints pouring into our office the past months over sewer and highway jobs isolating people from their homes, we have heard little to indicate that contractors and subcontractors are trying to ease the inconvenience by a little public relations work themselves. We suggest city, county and state officials investigate the problem to determine how the public can be better served during these jobs which takes months to complete. Admittedly, with the variables of weather, work stoppages, and other problems faced by a contractor, it is challenging to keep the public fully informed of details. However, a notice to adjacent property owners, or their knowledge that they could call someone and get a straight answer on how a job is progressing could ease the problem with a minimum of effort. The only other alternative would be for ordinance or legislation (more binding than contract provisions) which could require public filing of a plan explaining how inconveniences to the public could be kept at a minimum. After all, modern construction methods and machinery should make possible better overall project strategy than has developed lately. Two community losses Death claimed two area residents over the weekend whose accomplishments touched a wide following of friends in the community. Mrs. Vincent (Betty) Gucclone, a mother of nine children, was well-known for her singing roles in the SS. Peter and Paul's Catholic Church parents club follies, an annual fund raising event which entertained many, and for her many other acts of service to the church, and personal kindness. Her husband, Vince, is a tireless worker for both the church and school there. Mrs.' Guccione's death in a tragic auto crash with her mother and an aunt was a grim reminder of- the hazards of traffic-filled holiday highways. . Another community servant who will be missed by many was Ansel A. Graves, president of Superior Cerpet. Mr. Graves built up from a small beginning a highly successful carpet sales and cleaning business which now is housed in one of the finest display facilities in the area, His quiet, instructive manner, and thoroughness in helping people solve their problems won him many thousands of personal friends. The legacies of Mrs. Guccione and Mr. Graves are their families and survivors all of whom join, in this time of grief, in knowing that each made the world a better place by serving others. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY 6 Are you trying to make me look shabby?' I recently opened my sister's high school literature textbook and was surprised at the language used in one of the stories. God's name was used as a curse word four times in seven pages. I didn't bother to continue 'counting. The story was novel length. The words "son-of-a-bitch" «nd "bastard" were used, besides others of similar nature. To observe some partial conifers, there is one short stretch on the south side of Rte. 100 that has almost 15 varieties of spruce and pine — all large trees in splendid condition. In this world there are 150 different varieties of oaks. * Jackwood is a bread fruit, and beefwood is Botany Bay oak. The English — great seafarers that they were — always brought things home, and many of these trees can My sister doesn't hear that be seen in England. Some are type of language at home, and from India and Cuba, but I It definitely should not be taught at school. MISS LINDA HOUSTON, 54 Cottage Ave., Cottage Hills of trees There are a lot of folks who say "If you've seen one tree, you've seen them all." I only wish I had been taught more about trees earlier. There are so many — and all are beautiful. I still shed a tear as I pass the new fountain on State street hill — former location Of Alton's largest mulberry tree. It was a perfectly shaped specimen tree with a great veneer sawlog trunk that I suppose went to the dump. We all are familiar with fruitwood furniture, and some may think there is a fruitwood tree. Apple, plum, cherry, and mulberry are all fruitwood In the spring we becopme familiar with dogwood, magnolia, redbud (Judas tree) and an occasional laburnum. And when we pass by Alton's white-blossomed horse chestnuts that give us the "buckeye", (the real buckeye is something else) do we think of the chestnut that was a red bloom? All the oaks are beauties and some white oaks an? colossal. The 1400 block of Henry street has a giant ghinko. and Rte. 67 just north of the Be'.tline has an enormous catalpa. Several more fine catalpa trees are in Haskell Park, and a sinkhole on Liberty near 15th has several great western fir. A patch of timber might contain a pawpaw, white walnut, or a gnarled hawthorne. And lowly hedge balls come from the osage orange. I haven't even mentioned the hacUberry, hickory, ash, or persimmon, for the list is endless. believe most of the above grow in Brazil's great Amazon forests. HERBERT A. STECKER, 80 E. Elm St. (EDITOR'S NOTE: Try and sell a city park tree to a sawmill!) Fact and fable about quotas Is McGovern 1000 per cent against quotas? By John Roche It happened in the middle of August on one of those days when I scanned the papers rapidly and then headed for the beach. True, the story didn't get much play and there was no follow-up. It was an announcement that both President Nixon and Senator George McGovern, in reply to a query from Philip E. Hoffman, president of the American Jewish Committee, had announced their opposition to quotas and their support of the merit system. This item rattled around in my memory until suddenly, the other day, I literally stopped in the middle of reading a book and said, "What' did McGovern say?" If he was opposed to quotas — from women, blacks, chicanes etc — then what in God's name \vas the What YOU think: The T e I e g r a p h welromcs prose expressions of Its renders' own opinions of \\liut YOU think. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should bt» concise, preferably not exceeding 150 word*, and are subject to condensation. Credentials Committee up to at the Democratic National Convention? Indeed, what preciselyy were the "McGovern Rules" all about? First of al], what exactly did Senator McGovern say? In a letter to Mr. Hoffman dated Aug. 14, he said flatly, "I can assure you now, however, that I share the concerns you have expressed and reject the quota system as detrimental to American society." Ho also opposed '' a b a n d o n i n g the merit system." Now unless words have completely lost their meaning, Senator McGovern was less than candid with the American Jewish Committee. And, indeed, as we shall see, there is reason to believe that this lack of candor was not accidental, that is, that McGovern was telling the American Jewish Committee, representing a group that long suffered under quotas, what they wanted to hear. The story begins in November, 191)9, when the M c G o v e r n Commission, charged by the 1968 Convention to reform the rules for delegate selection, found the question of quotas emerging as a bone of contention. By a close vote, the commission decided to proceed toward a quota system. According to the Associated Press (11-20-69), Professor Austin Ranney laid it right on the table, saying in effect, let's face it, this is a quota system. "I think that's right," replied Senator McGovern. The New York Times story had no direct attribution. It read (11-20 69) "Senator McGovern at first agreed that a quota system had been adopted. But after lunch he persuaded the gathering to declare unanimously that no such system had been intended." (What the group did was simple: it adopted a quota system, but gave it another name—"Guidelines.") The clinching piece of evidence can be found in a w r a p u p story on the McGovern Commission which appeared in the reputable National Journal (June 19, 1971). The reporter interviewed Senator McGovern with a treaty. The key terms were that blacks would get 10 per cent of all patronage jobs if McGovern were and quoted him directly as elected — and curiously that stating: "The way we got the quota thing through was by not using the word 'quotas.' We couldn't have gotten quotas." Let us now shift to last July when various black leaders were negotiating with Senator McGovern. According to the New York Times (7-13-72), Walter Fauntroy, the District of Columbia's delegate in the House of Representatives, and Julian Bond, the Georgia legislator, emerged from consultations with McGovern there would be more blacks on the Supreme Court. (I say curiously because this would be an over-quota of some dimensions: blacks already have 11 per cent of the Supreme Court) Now I submit that this history of McGovern and quotas makes his reply to the American Jewish Committee somewhat disingenuous — to use a kind word. Perhaps what he meant to say was that he was 1,000 per cent opposed to quotas? WASHINGTON — It is going to come as a wryy shock to millions of hungry, miserable black Americans that they have been getting so many of the goodies of American life that the white majority feels discrimina'ted against. B.ut that is exactly what President Nixon is telling us as he prohibits job "quotas" in Federal employment. This is a political year, and the President knows that all sorts of whites (including those in the American Jewish Committee, to this reporter's dismay) are yelling about quotas. So I understand the political wisdom of Mr. Nixon's gambit, even while deploring it as abysmal leadership. The problem is that millions of white Americans who do not remotely consider themselves racists know of some instance where a blcck got something they think their child or a friend was entitled to. So they have swallowed the notion that "the government is giving everything to blacks." Or they utter with bitter relish the cliche that "the thing to be today is black — and a woman.' One of my columning colleagues put it succinctly recently when he deplored racial quotas by saying: 'It lias reached the point in many instances where a black of infei'ior qualifications is preferred to. a white with superior ones. A black with a modest academic record can frequently take his choice of half a dozen prestigious colleges; a white with the same or better grades often will have to settle for a state university." Since whites usually decide By Carl T. Rowan who is inferior and who is superior, that is an easy allegation for a white man to make, although he ct>n scarcely tell you who the inferior black is who took a job from which superior white person. The Civil Service Commission, which is to enforce Mr. Nixion's ban on quotas, has put out a report on minority employment in government that the President ought to read. So should my columning friend. It shows that of all government jobs paying more than $20,000 a year, blacks hold a mere 2 per cent. Of those paid less than $5,000, blacks hold 25.4 per cent. I s that discrimina f! on against whites? The only effective "quota" for blarxs i s in the messenger, janitorial, menial categories. All the minorities in (he nation — blacks, Orientals, Spanish-surnamed, etc.. which make up about 20 per cent of the population — hold a mere 2.7 per cent of the top- level (GS 16-18) jobs in government. That report proves that it is a blooming outrage for people who ought to know better to feed white paranoia with this malarkey suggesting that minorities are getting jobs that whites are entitled to. You read, or listen to. this nonsense about "quotas" and all you can think of is that one black American in three Japanese inflation helps U.S. deficit By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NEA) Letters from Japan report major wage increases — gains of 15 per cent in big company settlements thus far in 1972. More importantly, the wage boosts are greater in several major export industries — such as automobile manufacture. These gains, furthermore, are now a trend in Japan. Wages in "large enterprises" rose 16 per cent last year and close to 13 per cent a year over the past decade. Sooner or later these steady gains are bound to narrow tha gap between Japanese and U.S. manufacturing costs if the President of the United the President of the United check and American industry can increase productivity at a rate great enough to ke^p over-all labor costs com petitive over the next eight to 10 years. Thus Japanese inflation and its natural economic consequences may do more in the long run to solve the $3 billion-plus annual U.S. trade deficit with Japan than President Nixon and Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka and their aides c.m accomplish with all then- negotiating and patching. This is not to say there is no short-run crisis. There is. It is not to maintain, either, that Japan's highly protective trade system is going to be easily or quickly overturned. But growing internal Japanese pressures (the interests of companies with heavy foreign investments, fringe benefits for workers have been rising in Japan roughly as rapidly as wages in the nation's 232 major companies. The gain was about 17 per cent in 1971, 16 per cent in 1970 and an average 11 per cent a year in the 1960-70 decade. Fringe benefits now average approximately 17 per cent of the cash wages in the large companies. But rising wages and fringe payments are but one fac*.or in Japan's changing economic for one) may lead to changes picture. Pollution is a greater in Japan's protective system problem in Japan than in the is going to have to spend heavy amounts to keep bofri air and water pollution under control. The unit costs in Japan will be greater than in the United States in these years—again narrowing costs. The rising cost of labor in Japan inevitably will force the Japanese to invest more heavily in industry throughout Asia and Latin America. Though these investments may lead to heavier sales to the U.S. market, they will also almost certainly generate buying power in these lanls which will translate into as well. It should be United States. In the decade heavier purchases in this noted that ahead, industry in the islands country. lives in poverty; that blacks are unemployed at twice the rate of whites; that the normal black family must make do on 60 per cent of the income of the normal white family. You wonder how long you can preach responsible struggling within the system in the face of such cruel, cynical, dumb talk about "quotas." If someone had decreed that blacks must have 11 per cent of the jobs at every grade level, that they must automatically have 11 per cent of the seats in Congress, I would be the first to shout, "Ridiculous!" I'm proud enough to believe blacks might, in some millennium, get 22 per cent — on merit. Now — about this college bit. As a trustee of a couple of fair-to-middlin' institutions, I've learned how the sys'em works. Grades are just one factor in determining who gets in. Leadership potential is, and ought to be, every bit. as important as bookwormi!?h qualities. The child of a prominent alumni with a B- plus has a leg up on another applicant with straight A's. The offspring of a generous donor has an advantage. A strong recommendation from a respected teacher cr principal will make a lot of C's and B's look like A's. Good colleges don't want to be country clubs; they would be lesser educational facilities if they were. So they neod minorities. Why shouldn't they consider some olhor- than-grades factors to make their student bodies more representative of the nation? All this babel about quotas reminds me of the comment of the big-corral guru of the GOP, John Wayne. "I beliove in white supremacy until blacks are educated to the point of responsibility," he said. "I don't believe \r, giving authority and positrons of leadership and judgment to irresponsible people!" Some of the people deploring "quotas" these days would retch at being c^m- pared with Wayne, but their argument is about the same. If you see that blacks are so bad off, and you refuse to admit that they are be'ns discriminated against, you have to believe that they are bad off because they are inferior. There is no black escape from that imprisoning while judgment. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago SEPTEMBER 6, 1947 Dr. A.P. Bay, managing officer at Alton Sta'e Hospital, would assume a similar post at Manteno. returning here briefly to instruct his successor, and cloee his office. He had found it impractical to increase ti» population of the hospital because there was DO iUQTe room, and in his six and a half years, pqjy iQfl persons had been added to the enrollment Pr. AbffAham Simon, assistant superintendent of State Hospital, would be Dr. lia\'.s sin cessor. pastors received assignments at clo.>e f| tit Southern DJUaoii Conference held at Granite <J|r IBd tittoetf frftocUflg Alton were, Bev. Paul AY. Brown, Harrisburg, to Alton to succeed Rev. O.F. Whitlock who had been named superintendent of the district with headquarters in Harrisburg; Reve. F. M Hodger, Grace and V. W. Corrise. Main Street; I. B. \\alkmgton. East Alton and James Miller, all returned to present churches. Rev. P.O. Wilson, Marion to Brighton; Rev. L.O. Brookman, Brookport, Godnvy; Rev. Roland L. Lippman, Sesser, Wood Ri\er. Rev. Hairy Fish, Kane. Stove Semos. Bronze Star war veteran, died wrj;:n lour hours alter his motorcycle crashed into .:» automobile going the same direction at Washington «nd Wilkinson. Seriously injured was Mrs. Dors Williams, a rider on the cycle. Driver of the car, which had been passed by one cycle, before the Semos one struck the left door, was James Humiston ol GlterviUe. Not only was the high temperatures continuing, but the ice shortage continued to plague Altonians. St. Louis dealers were unable to meet the demand, so that one rail car of ice was brought from Chicago. School pupils were being dismissed because of the heat. Boy Scouts collected 35 tons of waste paper on their last drive before schools began for the season. 50 years ago SEPTEMBER 6, 1922 Conflicting reactions arose over an announcement by John Scott, secretary of the Railroad Employes Department of the American Federation of Labor, that seven representatives of the striking federation shopcrafts were in Baltimore conferring with railroad executives on a new union settlement proposal. A spokesman at the offices of the Association of Railway Execuitves said if any such talks were under way, they involved only a few small railroads. Meanwhile, shopmen's strike committee chairman John L. Dowd was urging U. S. Senator William Borah to undertake impeachment proceedings against Attorney General Daugherty and Chicago District Judge Wilkenson, who were involved in the injunction against the shopmen's strike. The East End Improvement Association decided to ask city Council action ordering closing of the interurban express freight station in the 600 block of East Broadway because vehicles parked for unloading blocked the street at its narrowest point. The station was reopened a short time before when the old Interurban Expresa Co. filed for bankruptcy. The East Enders also petitioned the council for white pedestrian traffic lines across Boadway at Henry, Weigler, and Ridge streets. The Alton Automobile Club was erecting road signs between here and St. Louis to help guide motorists to Alton. The signs were donated by Western Military Academy. Roy Patterson and Dr. W. C. Smith were named a special committee by the Godfrey Township Hard Roads Association to help work with the state division of highways on the problem of getting cement shipped to C. H. Degenhardt, contractor building the Alton- Godfrey road. Only one or two days' further supply of cement remained on the job. The association also accepted its flSO quota for the Alton Automobile Association's Godfrey-Brighton road oiling program.