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•ft Evening Telegraph Tuesday, September 5,1972 %What we think about. .. FBI statistics T axes and votes Statistics merely tools federal government's Law Enforcement Assistance Administration an- nettnees It is undertaking in-depth survey of Crime conditions in the country. As openers it raises a question that has been lurking in most minds, anyway, for a long time, and few have really downgraded when it came up: Have the Federal Bureau of Investigation's long-established crime statistics accurately reflected the nation's crime conditions? The answer should be perfectly obvious, and the LEAA may be only grandstanding by picking on a favorite fall guy, the FBI, in posing the query. The FBI statistics can't possibly be accurate in depth, and never were supposed to be. The bureau has done the best it could With what it had: largely the statistics provided to it by the nation's law enforcing authorities largely based on complaints, What YOU think: arrests, and convictions. After all, the FBI is a law enforcing agency, not a sociological arm. As the LEAA points out, many crimes committed are not reported — and for various reasons. Increasingly the failure to report reflects fear pressure. But there are other reasons, running all the way to apathy. At best, we fear, the FBI's reports ran only reflect the increase or decrease of crime incidence in the nation. But we have to be apprehensive here, too. Again public apprehension about the reaction of those immediately nearby could be a factor in causing a year to year variation in the number of crimes unreportcd. This now is history, though, and the LEAA — which plans to use Census Bureau surveyors for making its in-depth study — may come up with some interesting statistics on crimes thai go unreported, but, oven more important, pressures that discourage the reporting. It isn't likely to change the picture much on such dramatic crimes as arson, murder, and kidnaping, but it's certain to uncover a considerable percentage of thefts, burglaries, and possibly even rapes and assaults. We'd expect little new in the area of drug use and the various aspects of illegal sex intercourse. At that, the survey will be applied to only eight metropolitan centers initially. The question to arise here is whether the figures here will be sufficiently parallel in their percentages as applied to FBI reports so they can be applied safely nationwide. Reform or political game? What continued return of state income taxes to local governments and added involvement of federal government in financing schools will mean to local property tax rates is one of the best political questions of the year. In Edwardsville, for example, Mayor Bill Straube, a Republican, pointed out to Gov. Ogilvie on a campaign swing that the state revenue sharing program will allow his city to reduce some local tax levies. That was a plus in a generally negative climate on the state income tax. Nationally, President Nixon hopes to woo voters with a plan — expected to be announced before Nov. 4 — that could cut local property taxes in half for homeowners and renters. Still on the drafting boards, the plan, according to an interview, would give low The plan would have a general break-even raise federal taxes for those in the upper brackets to pay the difference. The plan would have general break-even point at a yearly income somewhere between $15,000 and $25,000 for a family of four. John D. Ehrlichman, chief of the President's Domestic Council, said the lower the income, the greater the tax saving for homeowners and at federal insistence, renters. Correspondingly, the higher the income, the greater the tax hike. The property tax cut is emerging as the major new domestic effort of the Nixon administration, aimed at substituting federal tax dollars for local education funds which amount to about half of the property taxes collected. For example, in Alton City-Township, the education tax rate of $3.047 is more than half of the $5.24 total tax rate per hundred dollars of assessed valuation. What the federal program would mean to the school portion of the $5,661,566 in property taxes collected in Alton, especially the school portion, remains to be seen. Whether sincere efforts for tax reform are in the offing, or just juggling of dollars to ease those less able to pay who might vote for the administration is another political imponderable. Too many citizens everywhere have little understanding of where their local, state and federal taxes go. They just know they're high, continue to increase, and seldom decrease. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Love So try a share or two sweet song Partisans or non-partisans? After reading the article "Rate hikes without price board OK sought". I feel that in the interest of objective journalism the following information should supplement those in the article relative to the request of Union Electric for a rate increase: 1. Net profit after taxes as a percentage of revenue is not the correct yardstick for purposes of establishing gas and electric rates. Instead, return on investment is the correct yardstick. 2. According to Jan. 1 Forbes magazine, the return on equity capital for Union Electric for 1970 was 5.4 per cent. I have not seen the comparable figures for 1971, but they are certain to be lower, because the earnings per common share for 1971 fell from $1.92 in 1970 to $1.61. There has been further reduction of earnings per common share during 1972. 3. The 1971 annual report of Union Electric shows total capitalization as of the end of 1971 to be $1,363,364,000. The. same report shows earnings on common stock to be $46,658,000. On this basis the earnings on common stock amounted to 3.42 per cent of the capitalization, which is hardly high enough to justify accusing the company of excess earnings. The investors could have earned more interest income by having had their money in a Savings & Loan, and at the same time would not have incurred the approximate 30 per cent loss of capital suffered during the last few years by having invested in Union Electric common stock. Obviously, the loss of value of the common stock is due to the company being denied rates sufficient to earn a fair return on their investment. I would invite anyone who believes otherwise to purchase some of the common stock of the company. J. B. SCHIABE, • 106 Bender Ave., East Alton the place A few comments are due in answer to Helen Crawford's letter to What YOU think. In working toward a desired goal, one can be helped by studying the lives of people who have attained a worthy decision A valuable achievement is always costly and the higher the achievement, the greater the price in criticism. Thought, patient work, and strong will always preceded an achievement, whether it takes 14 years or 20 years. I, for one, supported the city councilmen by my vote. People care, but we're not the councilmen whose votes decide the issues, whether we stay at home or attend the council meetings. It will be election time again soon, as the letter stated, and that is food for honest thinking, not criticism. MARY D. ALLEN 205 Pearl St. Jersey ville (EDITOR'S NOTE: The Crawford letter challenged Where can they turn? I am furious. I have just learned of a family with a muscular dystrophy child in desperate need of help. All these people want is someone to come to their home and help care for the child until i the mother is back on her feet. The mother has been quite 111 and should be in the hospital, herself, but refuses to leave the child. I cannot understand how the state or anyone else can refuse to help in these homes. I would expect it takes a lot of money to care for these children, so many special tilings are needed. Without a doubt these families pay taxes just the same as those with all the healthy children. Yet, as far as I know, the state does not provide a service with dependable people to go into these homes and help at times like this. Some might suggest volunteers could go into such homes. But I've depended upon volunteers on occasion, and I always felt I was imposing on someone else, and that adds to the mental burden you're already carrying. How about an institution? Not on your life! These children are loved just as much as any others. What a heartless society we are, that we can refuse help to a sick child by refusing to help the parents! I do not have any muscular distrophy victims in my family. I am writing this in hope someone will reply with information as to where these families can get help. They aren't able to pay the prices good help would demand. EARLINE NAY LOR Box 33-A, R. R. 2, Bunker Hill lack of attendance by the public at city commission meetings in Jersey ville). Responsibility i. ts Meetings have ways of becoming very dull, to my reasoning Nothing burns me more than for someone to know a problem and then hang a label, sugar-coat it, and spend years beating around the bush about it. Everyone with power to reason knows what it takes to live in this nation. Few people want to be bothered with people who have not grown up and learned to be responsible for their own lives. This nation and its people do not owe any malcontents anything but common courtesy. If a few more of these rebellious souls would get turned off and updated, and steer on the proper course, maybe we could have rest instead of unrest. Anyone who would let the lack of some malcontent moral principles guide them into police-minority and community disorders need the service of the Madison County Health Center, not a task force or commission on human relations. What this nation's people need to do is live their own lives and not other people's. In short, people need to mind their own cotton-pickin' business. BARBARA JAMES 785 Oakwood Ave. Still exposed May I make my apology to Pride Inc., 122 East Broadway. At the time of the writing about the new beautiful water fountain at State and William Streets, I did not know that Pride had collaborated with the Alton- Godfrey Jaycees to build this wonderful beauty spot on the triangle on State Street. I was reminded by J. Fred Berry, associate director of Pride, that funds for the equipment. material, and sodding were provided by the Jaycees, and that many other improvements will be made this fall by the Alton Park Commission. My previous letter was pointed at something that was ugly-looking. So I suggest the city purchase or rent a large canvas to cover the "dead body" at Broadway and Market. Once again, may 1 apologize to Pride — and congratulate the Jaycees. WILLIAM A. CR1VELLO 349 Bluff St. Movie censorship is baci WASHINGTON - In the scramble for better ratings, moviemakers sometimes submit their scripts in advance to the Motion Picture Association of America rating board and then quietly tailor the scripts to satisfy tl'e board. This means that the board's supposed function of simply rating movies is being enlarged to censor scripts. It has also created an internal controversy that will affect what is shown at neighborhood movie houses and, ultimately, on home TV sets. The ratings — G (general), PG (parental guidance), It (restricted) and X (anything goes) — are supposed to advise parents how much sex and violence are in the movies. Most moviemakers, of course, want their films to be seen by the widest possible number of paying customers. An H or X rating usually is damaging at the box office. But the film folks have :il>o found, paradoxically, that sex and violence pay off at the box office. Therefore, they seek maximum sex mid violence without forfeiting a G or PG rating. This is now being ac- By Jack Anderson complished by showing 'he scripts to the board for tentative, advance ratings. The movie studios deny this is censorship. But we have documents from the ratine; board's files, which reveal graphically how the blue- pencilling works. In effect, the board tells the studios how a script must be amended — indeed, even how scenes should be shot — if the movie is to avoid an R or X rating. In the documents in our possession, board members have recommended more than 50 changes in a single script. Here are a few typical examples from script,? already filmed, now in production or awaiting actio". — Kotch — Former board member Eugene Doughterty advised. "The shot of Erica's 'tender, young buttocks' should not be excessive or dwelt upon in detail " — The Poseidon Adventure — "Linda . . . certainly should not have bikini panties on and it would, of course, be preferable if she were wearing a full slip." — A Touch of Class — "Observe caution in the film where there is nudity, so that there is no breast or buttock exposure." No Place to be Somebody — "I am enclosing a list of particulars (to be cut oul) . . . Dee naked,, smearing shoe polish over her body. John and Mary Lou in bed." Melinda — "While us e of 'f—' and its various derivatives is permissible in the R rating, sheer quantity can prove a problem. The present script has 27 uses of 'f—' ... It is suggested that an effort be made to confine these to only those lines where it seems essential." — 0 Lucky Man! — "The dialogue about 'sh— on the Japanese garden' exemplifies what may prove unacceptable in terms of accumulation." — McKlusky — "Nudity should be avoided when Ga ( .er is taking a bath." The board member also advised earthily: "Expressly don't have them bounce right out of her blouse." Well, the Labor Day weekend has passed and the summer is unofficially over. For the benefit of those of you who took a political vacation, perhaps a brief review of the bidding may be useful. First of all, the Democrats held a nominating convention in Miami Beach. I stayed home and watched it on TV. However, it was difficult to watch on TV because nothing ever happened until about 3 in the morning. All in all, though, the delegates seemed to have fun, particularly in kicking out Mayor Daley and his Chicago delegates. They nominated Senator George McGovern for President and then had some problems finding someone to run with him; indeed, I seem to have been one of the few Irish Democrats who was not asked. But we have been having trouble with our phones, so maybe the call didn't get through. At any rate, a fine-looking Senator from Missouri named Tom Eagleton finally climbed aboard. They gave ringing acceptance speeches around 3:30 a.m. ("prime time in Guam," as somebody put it), and the campaign began. Then it stopped for a while because it turned out that Senator Eagleton had a record of serious psychiatric problems. After a period of confusion, R. Sargent Shriver replaced Eagleter. and disclosed one of the best-kept secrets of the last decade: that he had been against'the Vietnamese War all along. Then the Republicans held their nominating convention, also in Miami Beach. I stayed home and watched it on TV. Well, that's an exaggeration. If you have been to one ballet, you have seen them all, and my wife dragged me to "Swan Lake" in Paris in 1953. It was very different from the Democratic performance. For one thing, there was somebody there with a stopwatch — I swear one speaker was cut off in mid-sentence when his time ran out. For another, if — as one wit put it, the Democrats looked like the cast of "Hair," — the Republicans looked like . . . Republicans. I didn't realize there were that many blondes left in the United States, and the bewhiskered component What YO£/ think: The Telegraph welcomes prose expressions of its readers' own opinions of What YOU think. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding ISO words, and are subject to condensation. resembled Civil War generals rather than hippies. I'll say one thing for them: they didn't waste a second of prime time. And the finale was a work of art. It was •contrapuntal: first, Vice President Spiro Agnew delivered a good, solid political speech built around the theme "One America" and setting forth the alternatives between the Republicans and Democrats in clear, if possibly oversimplified fashion. In effect, he asked the delegates "Do you want to be happy or unhappy? Do you want to be rich or poor? Do you want to be weak or strong?" Their responses were predictable. Then, right on the button at 10:25 E.D.T. (9:45 Central Time, 8:45 Mountain Time, 7:45 West Coast) President Nixon appeared for his coronation. He made one thing perfectly clear: he was not running as a partisan. In keeping with this admirable spirit, he gave a thoroughly "non-political speech." It was lofty, idealistic, forward- looking, and pious. When he finished, there wasn't a dry eye in the house. So there you have it. The partisan Democrats are out trying to divide the country, which some might consider the normal purpose of an election. In contrast, the Republicans are out to unite the country — around the nonpartisan figures of Nixon and Agnew. Now we have to wait two months to discover whether partisans outnumber non-partisans among the electorate. What others say. Churches' stand Three years ago, the World Council of Churches asked all of its member churches — representing virtually all Protestant and Orthodox denominations in many countries — to take a stand against racism by supporting economic sanctions and persuading governments to do the same. It has now followed up that forthright call with a decision to get rid of all its own investments in any companies doing business with the white-minority ruled nations of southern Africa. It's an excellent example of an organization putting its money where its mouth is; and, as such, an example to all those governments, including our own, that forget their expressed ideals when the business community starts citing the peril to its profits. The Nixon administration, for instance, not only has shown little enthusiasm for discouraging trade and investment in southern Africa, it has condoned the congressional decision (prompted by U.S. mining interests in Africa) to break the United Nations embargo on trade with Rhodesia. This is not only a moral failure but a legal one too, as is shown by the condemnatory resolution passed by members of the American Bar Association in convention this month. Nor does there seem to be much hope for a different course in the future, if President Nixon is re-elected The only reference to Africa in the Republican Party platform was a piously platitudinous sentence that road: "We have no illusions that the United States can singlehandedly solve the seemingly intractable problems of apartheid and minority rule, but we can and will encourage non-violent, evolutionary change by supporting international efforts peacefully to resolve the problems of southern Africa and by maintaining our contacts with all races on the continent." What that means, when translated, is "We'll do nothing to change the status quo if it means rocking the boat" In ST™ 38 ' 1 ^ ? emoc ™ tic Platform pledged: "There should be no mistake about which side we are on . .. We are against white minority rule .'. . We can end United States complicity with such governments" it then went on to such specifics as calling for the end of tax credits to U S companies or their subsidiaries for taxes paid to white-minorty governments vigorous support for the A. sanction, gainst Rhodesia and an end to military aid to Portugal , " >suheartenin g to se e the churches exercising their moral to se?± aga rt radSm - " W ° Uld be even ™VSS5 to see some effective action by governments What is needed now is a commitment not just by people of all relMous beliefs but by those of all political faiths, too. IU W°«B ueiiets, -LOUISVILLE COURIER-JOURNAL What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago SEPTEMBER 5, 1947 James B. Johnson, principal of Alton High School, W&S named administrative assistant to the superin- teodeot io charge of business services by the Board If Education. E.M. Leamon, mechanical drawing at the school, was named to the vacancy Johnson's promotion. Other appointments were «• administrative assistant in charge jf tirtryftlfy; Macy Pruitt, principal of Roosevelt fggn School, Other new principalsbips were Grace ftwfewaJt, Huaibflldl; W. A. Maricle, f Slltei; W. B. I^ewte, Punbar; James Bailey, High School Johnson had served as Jtoflw» HMD, Milton and East Junior High before moving into the high school post. Leamon had been principal of Redmon High School in Paris, 111. Of the 80 candidates reporting for football practice at Alton High School, only two were familiar to Coach Hay Jackson; Gary Edsall and Don Newcombe, guard and backfield men. Interruptions in his education delayed the graduation of George Bennet Sanders for 10 years, after which he worked and attended Greenville College (111.) to become a missionary. After visiting Ms mother over the "Fourth" holiday, he set out to return to the school, which he never reached. His mother, Mrs. H. K. Sanders of Orchard Boulevard, notified the police that her son was believed missing. He was carrying $250 on his person to pay for his studies, but a Beall Tool Co. check for his $88.90 in wages had never been claimed from the company. Family members through the country did not know his whereabouts. A Holy Name Society was organized by men of St. Ambrose Church with J.C. Gorman elected as charter president. Other officers were Ben Droste, vice president; Robert Koeller, Secretary, and Raymond C. Joehl, treasurer. 50 years ago SEPTEMBER 5, 1922 The Greek government appealed to other powers to intercede for an armistice in the long conflict with Turkish Nationalists. London dispatches said the Greek armies in Asia Minor could hardly be saved \ from a total debacle. In Washington, Senate and House conferees refused to sidetrack the administration tariff bill for consideration of the veterans bonus measure. Chairman Fordney of the House managers argued that the tariff bill already had been delayed three years. Congressmen and administration leaders returning to duty after Labor Day addressed themselves again to the national coal and rail situations with pressure expected before the Senate on behalf of the coal anti-profiteering bill. Miss Bertha Ferguson, assistant principal at Alton High School, said that while the opening day enrollment of 705 was not as large as expected, she thought the total eventually to exceed 800. More than 80 new students, exclusive of junior high graduates, registered. They included new arrivals in town and graduates of local parochial and private schools. Though the morning was hot, most participants in the Labor Day parade marched and there were few automobiles. Participation in the parade was good, and a large crowd attended the afternoon and evening picnic at Rock Spring Park. A series of raids by federal prohibition enforcement officers caught a number of local bootleggers by surprise. The raiding party moved in two Packard cars, accompanied by a truck which picked up the evidence. Officials here said more raids could be expected. Mothers of Boy Scouts in troop 10 at the First Presbyterian Church carried out a surprise farewell party honoring Ray Myers, at his final troop meeting before he was to leave for studies at Millikin University, Decatur.