The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa on June 4, 1892 · Page 1
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The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa · Page 1

Postville, Iowa
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Saturday, June 4, 1892
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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY W. R. BURDIOBL TERMS : 91 .60 Per Tear, Striotly In Advance. Tht But Aitertlttng Medium to reach tht four north-eattern countit*. Offles Bonthwut Corner Ltwler and Tllilcn si - ADVERTISING RATES: W. N. BDBDICK Editor and Proprietor. INDEPENDENCE! OUR POLITICAL CREED; THE GOLDEN RULE OUR MORAL GUIDE. TERMS: $1.50, IF PAID IN ADVANNCE VOL. XX. POSTVILLE, IOWA, SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 1892. NUMBER 11. TtMl 11n. a In. «ln. H col Mcol —— —. I col. 1 wefk It 00 |1 60 13 SO tl M I'l 00 110 00 1 weeks ... 1 SO ! S5 8 75 5 78 8 no •8 n 3 week* ... S 00 8 00 S 00 7 SO 10 00 moo 1 month .. 2 M 8 75 8 !» e es 12 00 19 00 9 months. 100 4 50 9 on 11 V5 17 00 «S 00 8 months.. 4 00 6 « ll a-, 10 00 a; 00 83 00 1 months.. » 50 8 0" 15 00 SO 00 83 00 50 00 1 year — 10 00 13 00 18 OJ SO 00 45 00 80 00 lluslm-ss curils not elcrB>llnn Ore linen, 15. Le- jnl advt-itlsi'inentii nt lefrnl rate*. Advertisements tn!terte<r with no specleo time will be nutillHlie I lint I nnleretl out on^ ?hArgod for »o- conllnalj. All bills paralil < quarterly. A SINGLE WORD FomlBhoa Rov. T. DoWitt Talmage •with a Toxt • jTrcqncnt Exclnmntlon or tlio 1'snlmUt •ad IU KI K nlUrance, I'octlcally Speaking nml nit a Sign ol ElnphnsU, Etc. In looking up a subject for a sermon recently Rev. T. DeWltt Talmngo lilt npon the word "Sclnli," so frequently used by the rsalmist David, on -which to discourse. His text was: Belnh.—Pnnlma lix., 4. Tho majority of Hiblc readers loolc npon this word of my text ns of no importance. They consider it a superfluity, a mcro filling in, a meaningless interjection, a useless refrain, an undefined echo. Selnh! Rut I have to tell you that It Is no scriptural accident. It occurs seventy-four times in the Rook of Psalms and three times in the Rook of Habakkuk. You must nut charge this perfect book with seventy-seven trivialities. Selnh! It is an enthroned word. If, according to an old writer, somo words are battles, then this word is a Marathon, a Therunibyhe, a Sedan, a Waterloo. It Is a won! decisive, sometimes for poetic beauty, sometimes ior Bolemnity, sometimes for grandeur, and sometimes for eternal import. Through it roll the thundering chariots of tho Omnipotent God. I take this word for my text becanso I am so often asked what is its mean lng, or whether it has any meaning at all. It has an ocean of meaning, from which I shall this morning dip up only four or flvo biukctfuls. I will speak to you, so far as I have time, of the Sclah of poetic significance, the Sclah of In tcrmission, the Seluh emphasis and the Selah of perpetuity. Are you surprised that I speak of the Selah of poetic significance? Surely the God who sapphired the heavens and made the earth a rose-bud of beauty, with oceans hanging to it like drops of morning dew, would not make a Rible without rhythm, without redolence, without blank verse. God knew that eventually the Iliblo would bo read by a great majority of young people, for in this world of malaria and casualty an octogenarian is exceptional, and ns thirty years Is more than Ilio average of human life, if the Rlhlo is to be a successful book it must be adapted to the young. Hence the prosody of the Bible—the drama of Job, the pastoral of Kuth, tho epie of Judges, the dithy- ramblc of Habakkuk, the threnody of Jeremiah, the lyric of Solomon's song, tho oratorio of Apocalypse, thj idyl, the strophe and antistrophe, and the Selah of the Psalms. Wherever you find this word Selch, It means that you arc to rouse up to great stanza, that you arc to open your soul to great analogies, that you are to spread the wing of your imagination for great flight. "I answered thee in the secret place of thunder; 1 proved thee at the waters of Meribah. ,S ;luli. "The earth and all tho inhabitants thereof are dissolved; I bear up the pillars of it Selah." "Who Is this King of glory? Tho Lord of hosts. Ho is tho King of glory. Selah." "Thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliverance. Selah." "Though the waters thereof roar and bo troubled, though the mountains shako with tho swelling thereof. Selah." "Tho Lord of hosts Ss with us, tho God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah." "Thou hast given a banner to them that fear Thee, that it may be displayed because of tho truth. Selah." "I will hide vnder tho covert of Thy wings. Solah." "O, God, when Thou wentest forth before Thy pcoplo, when Thou didst maveh through tho wilderness. Solah." Wherever you find this word it is a signal of -warning hung out to tell you to stand off tho track while tho rushing train goes by with its imperial passengers. Poetic word, c'vrgcd with sunrise and sunset, and ttuincst and earthquake, and resurrections and millenniums. Next I come to speak of tho Selah oi intermission. Gesonius, Tholuck, Hengstenberg and other writers agree in saying that this word Selah moans n rest in music—what the Greeks call a dlapsalraa, a pause, a halt in the BOI- emn march of cantlllation. Every musician knows tho Importance of it. If yon ever saw Julllen, tho grcnt musical leader, stand before five thousand singers and players upon instruments, and with ono stroke of his baton smite the multitudinous hallelujah into silence, and then, soon ,after that, with another stroke of his.- baton rouso up the full orchestra to a great outburst of harmony,them you know tho mighty effect of a musical pause. It gives more power to what wont before; it gives more power to what is to eome after, So God thrusts the Selah into Bis Bible and into our lives, compelling ns to stop and think, stop and consider, •top and admire, stop and pray, stop and repent, stop and bo sick, stop and die. It 1 B not tho great numbor of times that wo read tho Bible through that makes us intelligent In the Scrip- tares, We muBt pause. What though It take an hour for ono word? What though it take a week for one Terse? What though it take •» jr .ear- for one chapter? Wo must pause and measure the height, tho depth, tho length, the breadth, the universe, the eternity of meaning in one verse. I should like to see some one sail around cine little adverb in tho Iliblo, a little adverb of two letters, during one lifetime—the word "so in the New Testament passage, "God so loved the world," AuguBtine made a longo pause after the verse, "Put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ," and it converted him. Matthew Henry made a long pause after the verse, "Open Thou my lipB, and my mouth shall show forth Thy praise," and it converted him. William Cowpor made a long pause after the verse, "Being freely justified by His grape,!' and it converted him. When God tells us seventy -seveu times meditatively to pause In reading two of the books oi the Bible, He leaves to our common •ease to decide "how often we should pausoin reading the other sixty-four books of the Bible. We mast pause, and ask for more Ught We roust pause, and weep over our tins, We must pause, and absorb the strength of ono promise, I sometime* hear- people boasting about how many times they have read the Bible through, when, they seem to know no < more about it than a passenger would know aVwf tWwrt* of Pennsylvania wlWWwuW Jto through it in a St. Louis fctuUtg wproaa ttela a »dina »W »**Wt!i u tftf tow «hwaji|srt |M» '14mi ijfi i- TeinflliiY MM.^ lence. It is not the number of times you go through the Bible, but tho number of times the Rible gocB through you. Pause, reflect. Selahl So, also, on the scroll of your life and mind. We go rushing on; in the song of our prosperity, from note of joy to note of j.iy, and it is a long-drawn -out legato, and we become indifferent and unnppreeiative, when suddenly we come upon a blank In the music. There Is nothing between those bars. A pause. God will fill it up with a sick bed, or a commercial disaster, or a grave. Rut, thank God, it is notn breaking down; it is only a pause. II helps us to appreciate the blessings that are gone; it gives us a higher appreciation of the blessings that are to come. The selah of Habakkuk and David li a dividing lino between the two anthems. David begins his book with tho words "Blessed is tho man," and after seventy-four sclahs ho closes his book with tho words "Praise yo tho Lord." So there aro mercies beyond UB , and thcro are going to be mercies before us. It is good for us that God halts us in our fortunes, and halts us with physical distress, and halts us at the graves of our dead. More than once you and I havo been halted by such a selah. You wrung your hands and said: "I can't see any senso in this Providence; I can 't see why God gave mo that child, if ho is so soon going to take it away. O my desolate home) O my broken heart!" You could not understand It. Rut It was not a selnh of overthrow. It gave you greater appreciation of the blessings that have gone; it will yet give you greater appreciation of tho blessings that will come. When tho Huguenots were being very much persecuted in France, a father and mother wcro obliged to fly from tho country, leaving their child in tho possession of a comparative stranger. They did not know whether they would ever return, or returning if they would bo able to recognize their child, for by that time she might be grown The mother was almost frenzied at tho thought of leaving the child, and then even if coming back again, not being able to know her. Before they left tho father drew his sword, and he marked the wrist of that child with a deep cut. It must have been u great exigency to make a father do that. Years of ab- sonco passed on, and after awhile tho parents returned and their first anxiety was to find their lost child. They looked up and down tho land, examin lug tho wrists of tho young people, when lo! after awhile the father found a maiden with a 6cdr upon her wrist. She knew him not, but he knew her. And O, tho joy of the rcunionl So it is now. "Whom tho Lord loveth He chastcneth." Ho cuteth, He marketh, and when He comes to claim Ills own tho Lord will know them that are Ills; know them by tho scar of their trouble; know them by the stroke of their desolation. Oh, it Is good that tho Lord sometimes halts xis. David says: "It is good that I havo been afflicted. Reforo I was oflllcted I went astray, but now I have kept Thy word." Indeed, wo must all soon stop. Scientists have improved human longevity, but nono of them havo proposed to make terrene life perpetual. Rut tho Gospel makes death only a selnh between two beatitudes— between dying triumph on one sldo of tho grave and celestial escort on tho other sldo of tho grave. Going out of this life to tho unprepared Is a great horror. "Give mo more laudanum," said dying Mirabeau; "give mo more laudanum that I may not think of eternity and what is to come." And dying Hobbes said: "I leave my body to the grave and my soul to tho great perhaps." It was tho discord of an infidel's llfo breaking do -vn into the jargon of despair; but tho Gospel makes the death of tho Christian a seluh between redemption and enthronement. "Almost well," said dying Richard Baxter, "almost well." "Play those notes over again—thoso notes which have been so great a delight and solace to mo," said the dying Christian Mozart. "None but Christ, none but Christ," exclaimed dying Lambert. Richard Cameron, tho Scotch cove­ nanter, went into the battle three times praying: "Lord, spare tho green and take the ripe. This is tho day I shall get my crown. Come, lot us fight It to tho last. Forward!" So you see there 1 B only a short pause, a selah of intermission, between dying conizations on tho ono side and overtopping raptures on the other. My flesh shall elnmbor In the ground Till tbo lust trumpet's joyful wand; Then burst the chains with sweet surprlst, And in my Bavlour 's Imagine rise. I next speak of tho Selah of emphaBls. Ewald, tho German orientalist and theologian, Bays that this word means to ascend; and whorever you find it, he says, you must look after the modulation of the voico, and youmustputmore force into your utterance. It is a Selah of emphasis. Ah! my friends, you and I need to correct our emphasis. We put too much emphasis on this world, and not enough on Qod and tho next world. People think these things around us are so important, tho things of the next are not worth our consideration. The first need for some of us is to change our emphasis, Look at wretch- odness on a.throne. Napolean, while yet emperor of Fronoe, sat down dejected, his hands over his face. A lad came in with a tray of food and said "Eat, it will do you good." The emperor looked up and said; "You are from the country?" The lad replied "Yes." "Your father has a cottage and a few acres of ground?" "Yes." "There is happiness!" said the dejected emperor. Ahl Napoleon never put the emphasis in the right place until he was expiring at St. Helena. On the other hand, look at satisfaction amid tho worst earthly disadvantage, never saw until I was blind," said Christian man. "I never knew what contentment was while I had my eyesight, as I knew what content Is now that I have lost my eyesight I affirm, though few would credit it, that I would not exchange my present position and circumstances : for my circumstances before I lost my * eyesight." That man put the emphasis in the right place. We want to put Jess stress upon this world and more .stress upon our Qod as our everlasting .portion. David had found out the nothingness of this world and the all sufficiency of God. Notice how he In- terjQQta the telah*. "Trust in the .Lord at all tiroes! ye people, pour out your heart before Him, Qod is a refuge for us, Selah,' 1 "Blessed be the £or4 who daily load* us with benefit*, even the Qodotour salvation. Selah." "The Jjor4 shall eo M »V\vhej» He wrlteth up first step from cradle to grave, ana then there. Selnh." Let the world have its we opl .„ t h L . ,t mr nn ,i start-great God, honors and its riches nnd its pomp. Let] whither? The clock strikes the passing mo have the Lord for my light, my | nwny nf t - lnWi uut not the pasR | np . away peace, my fortress, my pardon, my hope, my Heaven. What sinners rnlno I rcalun; Lord I 'tis enonfth that Thou art mine, I shall behold Thy blissful face. And stand complete In righteousness. THE LATEST NEWS. the MM}*, thai itau waiboS 1 W A M fT*** w» »«MP «w »ww »«•* vwwiw. UMI w>.m> waa Wf* w d to pick UP OUT »t*ft ty* Ult» QUI This world la all an empty show, Bnt tbo bright world to which J RO Hath joys substantial and alnecro; When shall I wako and And mo thoror 0 glorious home I OblestaboJol 1 shall bo near and like my Goil, And aln and m-nau no more control The endless pleasures of my soul. But when I speak of tho Selnh of emphasis 1 must notice It is u startling, a dramatic emphasis. It has in it tho hark, the hist of the drama. That wakening and arousing emphasis wo I who preach or Instruct need to use moro frequently. The sleepiest audiences in tho world arc religious audiences. You Sabbath -school teachers ought to have more of tho dramatic element In your instructions. By graphic Scripture scene, by anecdote, by descriptive gesture, by impersonation, urge your classes to right action. We want in all our Behools and colleges and prayer meetings, nnd in all our attempts nt reform, and in all our churches, to havo less of the style didnctie nnd more of the style dramatic. Fifty essays about the sorrows of the poor could not affect mo as a little drama of accident and suffering I saw one slippery morning in tho streets of Philadelphia. Just ahead of me was a lud, wretched in apparel, his limb amputated at tlio knee; from the pallorof the boy's cheek tho amputation was not long before. Ho had a package of broken food under his arm— food he had begged, I suppose, at the doors. As ho passed on over the slippery pavement cautiously and carefully, I steadied him uutil his crutch slipped and ho fell. I helped him up as well as I could, gathered up the fragments of the i>nclcage ns well us I could, put thcin under one arm and the crutch under the other; but when I saw tho blood run down his pale cheek I was completely overcome. Fifty essays tibout tho suffering of tlio poor could not touch one like that little drama of accident and.Bufferlng. Oh! we want In all our different departments of usefulness—and I address hundreds of people who arc trying to do good—wo want moro of the dramatic element and less of tho didactic. Tho tendency in this day is to drone religion, to whine religion, to cant religion, to moan religion, to croak religion, to sepulchrizo religion, when we ought to present it in animated and spectacular manner. Sabbath morning by Sabbath morning I address many theological students who are preparing for tho ministry. They come in here from the different institutions. I say to them this morning: If you will go home and look over tho history of the church you will find that those men have brought most souls to Christ who have been dramatic: Rowland Hill, dramatic; Thomas Chalmers, dramatic; Thomas Guthrie, dramatic; John Knox, dramatic; Robert Mc- Cheyne, dramatic; Christmas Evans.dra- matle; Gcorgo Whitfield, dramatic; Robert Hall, dramatic; Robert South, dramatic; Fenolon, dramatic; John Mason, dramatic; Dr. Knott, dramatic. When you get Into the ministry, if you attempt to culture that clement, and try to wield It for God, you will meet with mighty rebuff and caricature, and ecclesiastical council will tako your case in charge, and thoy will try to put you down; but tho God who starts you will help you through, nnd great will be tho eternal for the assiduous and the plucky. What we want, ministers and laymen, Is to get our sermons and our exhortations and our prayers out of tho old rut, I sco a great deal of discussion in tho religious papers about why people do not oomo to church. They do not come because they are not Interested. Tho hackneyed religious phrases that como moving down through tho centuries will never arrest tho masses. What wo want to-day, you in your sphere and I in my sphere, is to freshen up. People do not want in their sermons tho sham flowers bought at tho millinery shop, but tho japonicas wet with tho morning dow; nor tho heavy bones of oxtinct mega­ therium of past ages, but tho living reindeer caught last August at tho edge of Sehroon lake. Wo want to drive out the drowsy, and the prosaic, and tho tedious, and tho Humdrum, and introduce tho brightness and vivacity, and tho holy sarcasm, and the sanctified wit, and tho epigramatlo power, and tho blood-red earnestness, nnd tho vflro of religious zeal, and I do not know of any way of doing it as well as through the dramatic. Attention! Behold! Hark! Selahl Next I speak of the Solah of perpetuity. Tho Targum, whloh Is tho Bible in Chaldoe, r.endors this word of my text "forever." Many writers agree in believing and stating that one meaning of this word is "forever." In this very verse from which I tako ray text Selah moans not only poetlo significance and intermission and emphasis, but it meant eternal reverberation—forever! God'a government forever, God's goodness forever, the gladness of the rlghtoouj forever. Of course, you and have not surveyor's chain with enough links to measure that domain of meaning. In this world we must build everything on a small scale. A hundred years are a great while. A tower five hundred feet is a groat height. A journey of four thousand miles is very long. But eternity! if the archangel has not strength of wing to fly across it, but flutters and drops like a wounded sea gull, there is no need of our trying iu the small shallow of human thought to voyage across it A skeptic desiring to show his contempt for the passing years, and to show that he could build onduringly, had till own sepuloher made of the finest and the hardest marble, and then ho had put on tho door tho words: "For time and for eternity;" but it so happened that the seed of a treo somehow got into an unseen crevice of the marble. That Beed grew and enlarged until it became a tree, and split tho marble to pieces. There can be no otornalization of any thing earthly. But forevorl Will you and I live as long as that? We are »pt to think of tho grave as the ienninus. We are apt 1 to think the hearse as our last vehicle We are apt to think of seventy eighty or ninety years, and thss a ees< satlon. Instead of that we find the marble slab cf the tomb is only a milestone marking the first mile, and thai the great Journey is beyoml. We have only time enough in this world to put on the *audftl» and to ola»p our girdle of eternity. Measureless! Measureless! This Selnh of perpetuity make* earthly inequalities RO insignificant, the difference between sceptre and needle, between Alhiunbrn nnd hut, between chariot nnd enrt, between throne nnd j curbstone, between Axminstcr and l >aTO floor, between satin and sackcloth, very trivial. This Selah of perpetuity makes our getting ready so important For such prolongation of travel, what outfit of guide books, of passports and of escort? Are we putting out on a desert, simoom-swept nnd ghoul-haunted, or into regions of sun-lighted and spray- sprinkled gnrdens? Will it be Elysium or Gehenna? Once stnrted In that world we. can not stop. The current Is so swift that once In no oar can resist it, no helm can steer out of It, no Herculean or Titanic arm can baffle It Hark to the long-resounding echo, "Forever!" O, wake up to the Interest of your deathless spirit! Strike out for Heaven. House, yo men nnd women for whom Jesus died. Selahl Selahl Forever! Forever! GENERAL NOTES. DR. H. T. HBLMDOLD has for the fifth time been adjudged in.ane. HON. T. .IKFFBIIBCN COOLIDOK , irpnig- ter to France, has sailed from New York. IK southern Europe 33,000 oranges have been picked from ono tree. TnKczirhas ordered thnt foreigners •dinll not bo allowed to fettle in Russia unless they will team its Inneunge. ONE thousand Danes aro settling in the Walkor River Valley, California, tie greater number of .whom are experienced dairymen. IT iB reported that one hundred tons of exhibits for (he exposition have already been collected and ore awaiting shipment t Lima and Callao. PATTI'S caslle in Wnles contain) forty rooms aud cost her 5,000,000 francs. The little theatre in the caUlo seats 300 people and is a model of elegance. A TOHK recently sent an order to New Orleans ie;d estate man to purchaso {or him a tract of land near that city where he euld Ect up his-harem, have powor of life nnd death over his servant! 1 , nnd enjoy eiicb other luxuries ns befit a lioniem of condition. It is feared that on later ad vises he will conclude not to come. UKO_UKST8 for religious, educational and ctioritalile purposes under one hundred nnd twenty of the wills reported in this country lun jcur, amounted to about $7,000,000. The amount of charitnble bo- qucttB niul gills in England in 1881, exclusive of 13.iron Iiinch's benefactors, is estimated at about 615,000,000, as against $11,500,000 iu 1890. THB American nugar trust attempts to I 'bear" the market in Germany byrefus- ingto buy German fugar nt preeont. TIIR National Millers' na?ociation opened it* annual meeting in Chicago. FIFTT thousand acres of land in Monroe counly, III., is overflowed. A I.ETTKU to the bishops in the United States is issued by the Vatican. Sm ALEXANDER CAMPBELL , lieutenant f overnor of Ontario, died in Toronto, uefday, aged 70 years. Ex PHRSIDBT Polk's will 1 B overturned by the Tennessee courts und tho property given to tbo heirj-nt-law. Tins Commercial Btnlr, St. P.iul. will reorganize with u cnpitul of $1,000,000 and reopen for business. DEMOCRATS decide to put appropriation bills abend of everything else and udjourn congress as early as possible. DELEOATES favorable to Harrisot. 1 were Monday elected by the Oklahoma territorial repub'icnn convention. COIXINBL CnARLF.8 A. UROADWATKU, president of tbo Montana Central ruiiroud died Tuesday morning of benrt failure M. F. Healoy, nominated for Congress by the democrats of the IVnth Iown district, refuses to make tho race. Eugene Bergeron, instructor in French iu Yale College, will be lecturer on tho French language and literature in tho University of Chicago. THE first Bohemian soldiers' monument in the United Slates was dedicated in Chicago Sunday, with ail the pomp and to- lomnity of the Grand Army ritual. IT is proposed to put Johnson county Wyo,, the fcene of the recent cot 11 ict between settlers, rustlers and great cattle growers under martini law. Tho weekly statement of tho New York hanks nbows u reserve increaso nf 85.05C- 850. Tho banks now hold t'ii 690 825 in excess of the requirements of the 25 per cent ru!e. Rev. Father Quiglov, a Citbolic priest of Toledo, Ohio, has been indicteil tor refusing to tfive tho names of the pupils nt a parochial school under his charge to tho Board of Education as required by law. JAUKS HUTCHINSON , retail dry good uud notions, assigned Wednesday at Lou isville, Ky. Liabilities, 930,000; assets nominally the sdmo. JOUN JACOB ABTOH has donated $5,000 to the New York Grant monument fund und $5,000 to tho general fund of the New York Pi ess club. TUBS teamerCity of New York arrived at Liverpool Wednesday, having made tht trip from New York in si days and twenty minutes, thus beating tb record. JOHN BACII MCMASTKU , author of tb History of the People of the United Slates, has been offend the presidency of the University of Illinois, lit a salary of $10,000 u year, and will probably ac companies, who was charged with grand larceny and sentenced to five rears imoris nment has been iifiirmcd by tbo New York court of appeals. HAIUIT DENT , a gambler, formerly of Chicupn, wns killed in a difreputable resort, in LitiHville, Ky., Saturday night, by William Bjwling. SUCH extonsivo boric I hefts are going on long the Arizina-Mrxicin border ns to arouse the suspicion that nnothci Uarza revolution is being worked up. Mas. John Ilunn, wife cf a very prominent man nf Arrpwsmith. III., took a dose of coroBivo i ublitnate Saturd.iy morning, nnd died Sunday morning, bbc bad been dernnaed for tomo months. Sho leaves a husband nnd two children. ATTORNEY GENERAL CAeoitAiN, of Quebec, baHlaid new criminal information against ex-Premier Mercier for nlleged malfeasance In office, on three different points. AT Fresno, Cal., tho trial of W. i\ Kami, tbo Madera bank wreckci on a second chargo of forgery, closed Tuesday night, with a verdict of guoity. There are fivj other charges of forgery pending against Uaird. ONE of tho highwaymen who murdered Express Messenger Sounder* near Jacksonville, Fin., h is been captured and has nftssed his guilt, titer being tortured with "i wi»tors" and hot coals. There are nino men in Orlando under arrest. OF THE GUILLOTINE According to History It Was Invented by Dr. Louis, Sot by Dr. Guillotiu. On the 25th of April Last it Had Heen Used One Hundred Years. The Lust Ext cut ion Lieut. Amistuy on Dili Last. Was that of Vpi'l I FIRES AND CASUALTIES. TnK supreme court of New York is gradually whipping tho now secret ballot law cc-pt. into working thape. Its latest decision IB THE president has approved tho act] that inspectors of election do not bave the providing for a bridge over the Missouri) u ' n ' d ° wifc bcBide9 deHtrovinb , much proper- ' right to decide whether marks on the face St. Charles, Mo and the act pro-1 - '•i-1 ii . i i ii „ «,..« nD oo v,a ")B for a term of the United States | .„.„ „. «,..« nD oo c j rcult lm( j d i 9 t r j c t courts nt Evnnston, Wjo. AN incendiary fiio nt Wichita Falls, 1'ex.. caused u los3 of $100,000. TIIIIEB younu men wero.drownid ILI the Mississippi nt R '.'d Wing. T. S. RRMSDN'H carriage factory in Brooklyn, N. Y., was destroyed by fire early Monday siorning, Tho loss is estimated at $50,000; insurance unknown. AT Brighton City, Utah, Sunday, fire destroyed property to tho valuo of $100,000. JOHN D. JOHNSON was killed by lightning while plowing at Vallonia, lud., Friday. AT White Mill«, Pa., Dorfiinger's cut gla^s manufactory and adjoining building have been burned. Loss, $250,000 GKOHOE BALTAZOR . a conductor of a Cbic.igo.Uurliuglon & Q lincy way freight, had Ins foot crushed aud leg badly injured in the yards at Aurora, ill., Wednesday morning. AT Woodville, Pa., Saturday James Holland, aged seven, tell in.o u crtvk. In trying to rescue him Eiiz.ibo'.b and Julia Coyne aud Mary Enfelt, aged from nino to eleven, were drowned. A tornado struck tbo little town of Au- vergno, Aik., Sunday night. The academy- building and new Methodist church wcie blown down aud other buildinuisdamaged. There was no loss of life as fur as heard from. A WRECK occurred on the Tanhandlc, near Indiannpolis Saturday morning, caused by Iho collision of a passenger with a freight train, nnd several persons were seriously injured. THREE workiuon perished in tbo Spok ano Mill und Planim/ company's builtlini; at Spokuno Falls, Wash., which burned Monday night. Adolph Schuli'/, Ks-berl butcher uud an unknown man were the victiniB. A CLOUDBURST at Kinsman, Trumbull county, 0., at G o'clock Wednesday morn- ins resulted in the drowning of .1. IS. Hoi. bins, wile and two children and K. Stewart A very interesting cenlenary fell on April 25 last. Little was said aboul il nnd theie was no public njjicing. Yet tbo thing that might havo been honored in some way was a creditable invention, although it has a discreditable history. It is the guillotine. On April 2*i, 1492, tho hig'iwaym.-.n I'elleti-r was executed on the Plnce de Greve, in Paris, and the humanitarian invention of Dr. (, mis was put in use for tne firft time. U is a common and natural impression • hut this in-ttuiuent was designed by Dr. G u il lot in. whose name it bears, it iB now pretty well established that that is not so. l)r. l/iuis, the p'linanent secretary of the Academv ot .Medicine, was tlio inventor of it. There waa a general desire for a moro merciful way of inflicting the death penalty. Dr. Louis was filled with this desire as much as any cno and designed the Bret model of tho guillotine alter a rough Italian contrivance. It was mado by one Schmidt, mnnufaelurer of musical instruments to Q iccn M.trio Antoinette. Two >ears nfiorwurd tho guillo tine made from this model was used to cut off the beads of his royal patroness and her husband. Marie Antoinette was interested in the condition of prisoners and was also in favor of reforming the methods of capital punishment. Nobles wen usually decapitated with tbo axe and common persons in various other ways. Dr. Uuillotin wrote a pampbleto urging tbo adoption of the invention of bis friend, Dr. LoniB. IL- was elected member of tho natioonl assembly in come querce of the attention he drew to hiuiscll iUrougli bis advocacy of this instrument. It was nt first oiled I he Louison or L-juis- ette, but the name of its warmest udvo caate was soon givi u to it. Dr. Guillotiu always protested against this use of his name. He did not die on tbe guillotine us has been fr< quently stated. He patsed away in 1814 at n good o d age. \ttho tinio of the introduction and adoption of tho guillotino tbo wheel was still used in some of tbe southern prov inces. Twenty years before DjmienH had been broken on ibe wheel, with many lior rible detai's of tcrhire, for bis attempt on tho life of Liuis XV. Tho invention was, therefor, entirely due to humane motives. Tne fact that noble persons were decapitated and otbeiH ranged by the neck was. also repugnant to growing democratic sentiment. of ballots were placi d there fer purposes of i-'eiitification. That is a question for tbe couris to dtcide; the iiisptitors shall count and return the ballots as cost. ty and ruining crops. FOREIGN. IGNATIUS DONNELLY'S book, "The Great Cryptogram," was a failure financially as well as in literature. He owes his publishers R. S. Pcale & Co., of Chicago, $4,000 in excess of all the receipts for sales. William Shakspeare'd shade bus its revenges on all its assailants. Delia Bucon, tho first of the Baconites, died iu a madhouse. Mr. Donnelly's financial reverses from his book are vere. TUB plan for n great line of American teamships to Europe grows apace. The hips will start from the eastern point of Long Island and touch at the nearest point of land east of the Atlantic Connection from New York and London to the | the "British points of arrival and departure will be by the fastest railway trains. The ocean transit will be made in much leu time than heretofore. a JEWS have been promised complete protection in Rome. HON. CHARLES P. BUTT , an eminent English judge, died Thursday. HAIL storms in Alexandria destroyed crops in 80 communities. KARSAV , a rich Austrian Jew, was killed by Baron Aczal in a duel at Buda Pesth. ADMIRAL M AVNE , M. P., died in London Saturday, as the result of a fit followed by a fall. JonN H. PARNELL , brother of tho late C. S. Parnell, h-is declined to stand for parliament iu the Limerick district LKON nnd Vital Goimult, absconding bankers, have been arr.isted, save a Paris dispatch. Liabilities, 2,000,000 francs TnE Jebus made a sacrifice of 200 people, inoluding many maidens, in order to propUiute the gods prior to battling with Bv a decree of tho king of Belgium parliament is diBsolvod, and the country will now vote on the proposed constitutional revision. Tns historio old locomotive, "the General," famous as the engine stolen by Union soldiers at Big Shanty, '.on the Western and Attar tic roda, is to be a part Georgia's exhibit at the world's fair. The locomotive is now being overhauled DDNUKESS. TUESDAY , May 24. SENATE .—Mr. Mitchell from the com uiittee on privileges and elections reported back tho resolution proposing a constitutional amendment providing for tho election ot senators by the people, stating that as tho committeo was equally diviced on tho question ho asked that tiach member have leavo to present his views. It was so ordered. The following senate billi wore passed: Appropriating $50 000 for a postollico nt Owosso, Mien.,; $300,0u0 for a poBtoffice ut Oakland, Col., $300,000 for a postoflieo nt San Diego, Cal., HOUSE .—in committee of the whole tho Sunday civil hill was taken up, nnd some amendments considered. Mr. Outhwuite of the committee of military affairs reported with a recommendntion that it pass the senato bill authorizing the secretary of war to detail certain nrmy officers tor During a debato on law intoduced by Dr. Guillotiu, the Abbe Maury opposed dicnp nation on (ho ground that it would make tbo people familiar with tho sigt of blood and would have a degrading i licet on them. I'erhups tbo Abba was right. Dr. Guillotin's law coutuinod BOIUO very curious clauses. Oao was to the effect th.-.t tbe execution of a criminal should cast no difcieilit on the criminal's family, nnd another wus that the exicutioner should not be shunned by society. THs law was not pasted ut tho time. Pelletier, not the muu who first demonstrated the value of tho guillotine, hut the editor of a royalist journel called Les Actes ues Apotrcs mado Dr. Guillotiu und his godchild the subject of a song. This is what probably fixed tho unfortunate doctor's nuiiio on tho instrument, On Jan. 24 Pelletier was condemned to death by tho provisional tribunal of Paris for robbery nnd violence in tho streets. There wus BOUIO uncertainty as to whether the new instrument Bhould bo used. Ibe cjui'stion was referred to tbe minister of justice, M. Duport de. Terre, who replied that he should have to reter the matter to tbo nationul assembly. In bis lotter ho execution bad been carried out as late a> 1S02. A similar instrument bad been used in the south of France nt various times. But tho parliament of Toulouso was particularly fond of the wueel. Before the execution of Pelletier several experiments were mado on dead bodies. Tt.c assembly finally ordered that he should die by the guillotine and bis execution took place on April 25, 1702. The machine worked well. It wns operated by Sanson, in whose family the office of executioner in Paris had been hereditary for many years. Tbo peoplo were very much boiror-struck by this execution, according to many nccounts, although somo of them must havo witnessed tbs brutalities inflicted on victims of tbs wheel. On July 27, 1792, thero was a mishap with the guillotine. Tho wooden grooves had got out of shape and tho knife failed to full promptly. Afterwards metal work was substituted and from that tiuii there bin) never been any bungling with the guillotine, lis history is one of entire and great success. Within a few months of Pellotier's execution Ibe guillotino began its work in assisting the political tuovoaicnts of the lime. In August it was taken to tho i'l ace du Carousal. In August the son of the executioner, Sinson, fell off tho scaffold nml was kille.t. On ono occasion it was removed for one day to tho Place do Grevo for the execution of some emigre .-i, and then back to tho Plnce do la Revolution for that of two - robbers. Tbo Plnce de Grtve was in tbe centre of what is now tho Place d-> Ii Concorde. It wns there that L uis XVI and Marie Antoinette, Mine, lvizibcth nnd Mine. Roland nnd other lunnus persons were put to death. It is e»tim i'ed by historians that between A "f. 10, 1792, and tho ninth 'Thnrmidor" 1791,40,000 penon* were killed by tbe mention of Iho ingenious Dr. Louis. Tbe execution ot Charlotte Corday for the assassination of Murat gave rise to an inteiesting dbciHsion. When tho executioner h-dd up ber severed head ho struck it with bis ft it, and hundreds of persons were willing to swear to tbo fact that the faco blushed. There is a story to tbo effect that Dr. Guillotin wns put in prison for refusing to make a triple machine, but this is uncertain. It does net appear that a triple machine was made. Tne single ono worked q'llcklj enough to cut off tbo bends of t.iriy-five persons within twenty minutes. Under tbo empire's restoration tbo iruillotinc continued its ttindingon the Piuco de Greve, and the senlonce of death was tegulurly carried out. During Louis Philippe's reign fcio guiilutino was transferred to tbe li.irriurc St. Jacques, and in that of Napoleon II I. to the Place do la R:iqu;tto, whore it bus roaiained to this day. Sanson, tbe excutionor during tho reigu of terror, fold the original guillotine to a man named C.irliua for $5,000 and he sold it again to a niece. That niece was Same. Tussaud, who kept Iho wax works show in London. The original guillotino is in the hands of ber descendants, who cany on the busiuess. The lust, execution on tho guilltione was that of Lieut,. Annstay, for tho niurdor of li ironess Delia d, which took placo on tbe il.h of last month, and at which there was it very unpleasant sceao. The present executioner is M. Deiblcr, who is a good woikuian, but a much less interesting person than Sanson, who belonged to un aristocratic family, which bad taken to executing on account of drink.—N. Y. World. D. M. 1IUNJAM IN 11KAI). Tho I'IUIU peciul duty iu connection with the; said: "I approach this subject with bor- world's fair. Mr. Stownrt of Texas, re- i rcr, for 1 feel that I am myaelf doomed to ported adversely tho river and harbor bill, I suffer somo day under HUH new law." As und recommended a conference on the < a matter of fact bo wus put to death on bill. ; " "• WORD has been received at Victoria. B. C, tbat Dr. Sheldon Jaokson and bis party have been murdered by Yukon In dians. A BOILER in Darblay's mills, at Corboil, France, exploded Monday morning killing four employe -, wounding thirty and destroying tho mill. THE London Observer is authority for the statement that the ministry wilt not proceed further with the Irish local gov this session of parlia- WEDNESDAY , Mnj 25. SENATE .—A motion to refer Mr. Morgan's resolution instructing the finance committeo to examine and report opon the effect of the silver law of 1893 upon the price of silver bullion, was voted down—yeas 17, nays 28. A prolonged debate followed the action of the senate in refusing to refer the resolution, par Nov. 29, 1793, by the trib'nnul. The atfeuibly consulted Dr. Louis, and ho made this interesting report: "Toobey striotly tbe law tho execution should be performed in a Binglo moment and by enc blow. All experience proves how hard to accomplish this is. Remember Iho execution of M. Lrilly. Ho was on his knee aud bie eyea wero covert d When the executioner struck him on tho back of the and repainted, as it has been badly used up of recent years in its humble service as ernment'b 'ilFat a switch engiue. The chase after the meat. Federal soldiers who ran away with "the M. REYMONB , the faithless husband General," their subsequent capture and * n08e wite killed MadameDalaMrte-Laa „„« „» »u„ „„„i „_ u: simonnne Saturday night in Paris, when execution, form one of the most exciting 8he discovered her husband in tbe woman's episodes of war times. IT is stated that the only woman free maaonln the world is Mrs. Silome Anderson, of Oakland, California. The account says that she learned the secrets of the order by concealing herself In a room in ber uncVs house where tbe lodge met, On being discovered she was made a member of the lodge to prevent her from publishing their secrets, Mrs. Anderson has served on the board of trustees of the Masonic Temple, Sbe^is also a charter member of Golden Gate Chapter, t No. 1, Order of the Eastern Star, and is a member of Oak Leaf Chapter, No. 8. company, has disappeared, and his friends think (bat he has committed suicide through remorse. ticipnted in by Messrs, Morgan, Sherrcani neck bib hoad was not sever oil; he fell on and Stewart. The matter weut over with- ! his face, and wbilo ho lay iu that position out further action. the executioner, by repeated blows, HOUSE ,—The sundry civil bill was! backed his head off. People were taken up. Mr. Dockerv offered an amoel- very justly horrified at euch huckerin. ment to reduce the salary of the director! In Germany the victim is tied to a chair, general of the world's tui" commission to i and even though the executioners there are $8,000, and that of the secretary to $3,000,! expert because they have experionco in ex- agred to. Some discussion arose as to! ecuting women who, of nil runks, suffer roperity of opening the world's fair on i tho penalty in this fashion, accitleuts are undiiy. Without further action the! frequent In Ddnmurk tbo condemned are bouse adjourned. placed in two poutior.s, nnd two different THURSDAY May 26. instruments are used. The moro honor- c „, ', .'. _ , , , able method is by the Bword, tbe victim SENATB .-Tbe senate WUB informed by kn(J( , liB „ wita eyes covered and bands a messenger from the prdsident, of the- 1 , e> f nu olUPr m ' odo carrje< wi , h it bequest ot Major-aeu. George W. Cu om j ^ if Tn0 vj ti uound * la , d erects ? hft • W bi ' - d h "- h " d CRIME. Iy the manuscript of John Bunyan's A LABOR riot occurs on the world's fair grounds. An Idaho miner shot a girl who, disguised as a calf, had stolen much treasure from him, A VOCNO man was married in the St, Paul jail -while awaiting sentence for highway robbery. W. F, BAIUD , the Madeira, Cab, bank wrecker, was convicted Tuesday of forger; at Fresno. Two men named Williams and Divls got into a bloody fight at 0 Fallon. Mo in whloh each ot ttarn carved the other in a most brutal manner. Both will die. RoawELL GILBERT , a farmer living "Pilgrim's Progress", is still in existence, neaVfcaSsOTTWoh'., beatoutWswife's and can be produced at tbe world's fair, •^WS^"*'' WedBe '" ky, Interest, tin. J. W. Patton, of Spring- Vernon hotel at Washington, commuted field, lil.,believei the manuscript to be «uici4e at Newport, B. I., in grief at the now in tbe po«e«.lon of a family named death of Ml.» AlM»ia Betotorg, of h-lgin, Bates, living in southern Illinois. It is "'x ^iS*! HOIWMANU undei arrest in said to have descended as an nsbloou in Philadelphia charged with manufacturing the fcmily, from Bunyan'. widow, to whom after U. d W th the manuicript had M ^wSS^^ neon returned by the printers of the book. • '-n XM ny E, Gwmi, one ot the plaint iff a Ibe unearthing of nllei for exhibition at in the wit •JWiM-tM'S. M ew £t lp W F'* (he world's fair will probably become ternal Aj lanoe at Baltimore, h w «n£»»\ MW wuriu* wm t-tvuHMijr uow«™ AA that f he viftned statement* that were quite ooromorj In tome initMitti, «w S»e and mliMlog »wit hw doubt—an4 we could wish H might be W i£en withdrawn, In toft present «M >"-wiUi f np »|iiln |t taf Tn dteUion against Stephen F. Sbtr timony that «*, be fernM. • I W^WM** of fom Bi*alo • UTHIOT Ail West Point. A bill was passed extending tne time in which volunteers of tho late war can apply to bave tbe charge of desertion removed. 'The free coinage of silver bill was taken up and discussed by Messrs Stewart and Teller, After a short executive session tbe senate adjourned. HOUBB ,—The appropriation bill for the government's exhibit at the world's fair was taken up in committee of tbe whole. At its conclusion the Sunday closing question had been settled. Tbe bill has yet to be aoled upon by tbe house. An appropriation of $50,000 was made for commie sary quarters at Mariou for the soldiers' home- Mr. Bryan introduced a bill to amend the act to protect trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies, Adjiurned. FRIDAY , May 27, HOUSE —The bill providing fortbe »a!e of uavy yard I ind in Brooklyn, N. Y., at not less than $41 000 per acre, v/as passed. The senate bill establishing a bridge across the Illinois river at Havana, 111., was passed, Iu committee of the whole tbe sundry , civil appropriation bill was taken up.aud the amendment which limits the number of copies of publio documents which may be printed by beads of bureaus without exprrg < authorisation by congress, was lost- 93 to 91. T SENATE.—In executive session resolutions were adopted in the matter ot Wll liam Webster, a elticen of the United States, whoso claim for indemnity against Great Britain for land owned oy him in New Zealand was refused by that government. The president was gwen power to rake measures to seoarp an adjust meat of toe claim, and reqiMsUag the president to propeM arbitration. pon bis face, and hi» head hacked asunder with a hatchet. For a successful result there is no certainly but aa invnr'mb'e mechanism o! which the force nnd effect can be regulated and directed. This s tbe mode adopted in Eugland. The body of tbe criminal is laid upou its stomach between to poi te connected at the top by a crosi beam, whence a convex hatchet is made to fall suddenly on the patient by the removal cf a peg. The back of the hatchet should be strong and heavy enough to perform tbe object, l:ke tbe weight with which piles are driven. The force, of -course, will be in proportion to the height from whioh it may fall. It would be better to experiment first upon dead bodies or upon u living sbo'p, 'Ihon see if the -victim's neck should be confined in a semi-circle just where it joins the hinder bone of tbe skull. This addition could be securely fastened between tbe upright posts of tho machine, and would scarcely bo perceivable. ' Louis Perpetual Secretary Academy of Surgery, Given in nnnsultti- lion at Paris this 7>h of March, 1792. Oa March 24.1702, the national assembly pasted a resolution rewmmending the adoption of the guillotine throughout the country. The iuaccuiate statement In the repor of Dr. Louis concerning the method of execution in England is due to the fuel tout the writer had heard of the Halifax gibbet, a rough instrument resembling tne guillotine, which was only used in one part of England and was not used after 1650. In Scotland there bad been a kind of a guillotine called tho Maiden, by which, the Girl of Argyle waa executed in 1685, It is believed that of the man) l'romlnont Mtlwaukcenn Awuy. MILWAUKEE , May 30.—After a long and plucky serugglo against disease, D. M. Hoiijiniiii died this morning of lung Iri uble at his homo on Prospect avenue. Mr. lijnjimin was a Mtinoman, and WUB bwn in tho town cf Livermore, July 28, 1631. Ho wus descended from John Uenjamin, who enme to America on the ship Loon, September 1G, 1GD2, and on tbe maternal side ho was a descendant of Annilla Chase, from whom the lute Cbief Justice Salman P. Cause wns also descended, Aqutlla Oliaso left bis nativo town of Cuosham, England, and settled at Now- buay, Mass., about tbo yenr 1010. Both Salmon P. Chase- and Mr. Benjamin were drjBcondontH in tho sixth dt-greo cf this piouoerof New England, Mr, Bni,jxmin 's boyhood days were spout on a farm, and his earlier education recoived in tho district schools. Liter be attended tbo academies in turn at Farmington, Weslbrook and Litchfield, graduating from tho latter. At tho age ot 21 ho went into the lumbor woods on tho Penobscot river, Maine, aud laid the foundation tor his futuro cxteuBivo lumber transactions. He remained there until 1862, when lie eiiuio west, locating at Muskegon. Mich. In tbo fall of that year bu lor mi d a partnership, in tbe lumber business, wi'h 0. P. Pillsbury and Daniel W. Bradley, under the nftmo of O. P. Pillsbury & Co., which continued until the fall of 189). Ho moved to Big Rapids in I860, und the following year to Grand Rapid', Mich,, where hu made his home until coming to Milwaukee, in 1870. He was fond of bis native stute of Miine, and the corporation of which he has been at tbe head since tho death of O. P. Pillsbury, last year, is called the Penobfoot Lind, Log & Lumber company. Tho i llice building of this company, on Jefferson street, is one of tbe most bundsome and unique in tbo city. Oao of tho last enterprises in whicb Mr. Benjamin interested himself WUB that of organizing the PaUt. National bank. Personally Mr. Benj train was a man of most engaging qualities, aimplo, frnnk, kindly and courtoous to every one with whom he came in contact, no matter what his condition iu life might be. He acquired great wealth, aid two yearn ago be built on Prospect avenue, one of ibe finest residences in tbe city. The point about this home of whi. h be hue perhaps more proud than any other, wus un old -fasbioned brick oven whioh he had built in tbe basement for the express lurpoto of baking beuns as they med to JO baked ia New England, and more than one visitor to bis residence has enjoyed the satisfaction with whioh Mr. Benjamin pionted out this ovou. Tbe only public clfice Mr. Benjamin ever hold waa tbat of world's fair commissioner, a position to wbicb be was appointed by GJV Peck and whioh he resigned on account of the meagerneis of Wisconsin's appropriation. Mr. Binjaiuin is survived by bis wife and two children, a son and a daughter. Fipv. Lous, tbe Green riUe shot, it attracting much attention by his feat of Bhooting a glass ball from hu own head, Tbe trick is performed by shooting at tbe trigg«rof a rifle held in a trame, with tbe muszlo sight d at a glass ball dangling by a otring directly over the marksman's head. «e Dr. Louis naja, wl he bad wen at Milan and with whioh an models available tor tbe pun made use of one wiled the Mt -naja, which Mr, Dressyt "Well, Betce, we may at well talk over this question of getting the house painted." "Mis. D.; "Why, Jack, it doesu'tnead painting f«r a year, at least." Mr. D.: "True, my dear, but you knov you've got to dcolde what color von want." EXPERIMENTS made in Austria show tbat the addition of soda to Portland oe- meat enables it to withstand the aettoa ol boat.

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