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EDITQRIAL- Time Others Helped On Foreign Aid Job The great original purpose of America's foreign aid was to put the war-shattered countries of the world back on their feet. That objective has been well achieved. The vibrant prosperity of Britain, France, West Germany, Japan and other industrial zed lands is one of the most important developments of the postwar era. Today the aid problem is different. The seedbeds of communism are no longer the nations ravaged by war. They are the underdeveloped areas struggling up from poverty, envious of the better b'fe they know others enjoy, determined to have it. But the very fact that the context of this problem has shifted carries with it an important corollary. It is this: There is no longer any reason in logic or in historic fact why the United States should bear the aid burden alone. We helped the other industrial countries to recover. Today most, if not all, of them have a new capacity to help in turn those less fortunate peoples in Asia, Africa and Latin America. In other words, foreign aid in 1959 and hereafter ought to be a Timw Herald, Carroll, la. Tuesday, October 6, 19S9 joint effort of the prosperous European and Asian nations. All have the same stake we have in keeping the underdeveloped lands out of communism's grip, in elevating living standards everywhere on the globe. We being the largest free land, it is natural that we should maK'e the biggest contribution to any free world plan to help. President Eisenhower has notv proposed just this in a message to the finance ministers of some 68 nations who met in Washington in their capacity as governors of the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the International Finance Corporation. The President wants to see a new one-billion - dollar fund developed from free world capital to offer long-term, low-interest loans to the underdeveloped peoples. The proposal, or something very much like it, deserves not only a warm but an active response from the countries which gained so much from us in their 'ordeal of recovery. Today they ride high with us. They should carry their part of the load. Queries Mr. K Most Likely Wouldn't Care to Answer BY PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) —There are still a lot of good questions that Nikita Khrushchev never got asked. There were, of course, a lot of questions he was asked that he did not answer. He ducked them. Like the one that Karl Feller, president of the Brewery Workers, threw at the Russian boss during his San Francisco meeting with the American labor leaders: "Since the Communist party proclaims itself the liberator of the working class " Feller demanded, "why have three million workers fled East Germany, three million more fled North Korea and 300,000 Hungarians escaped to freedom?" Khrushchev's reply to that was: "Drink your beer. Perhaps that will help you find your answer." Feller: "That certainly is no answer." Khrushchev: "I've told you, I'm not even afraid of the devil." With polite, clear; and logical explanations like that forthcoming on the questions Khrushchev was asked, here are a few more questions he might like to not answer: In America, you have talked repeatedly on the need for ending the cold war. Who began it? Do you not recognize that this cold war began with Communist takeovers of democratic governments in Poland 1947, Czechoslovakia 1948, the Berlin Blockage of 1948-9 and by the Russian and Chinese Communists-supported Korean aggression of 1950? Before those dates, the United States had no foreign bases and no military alliances, which you say you want to liquidate. Wouldn't the simplest way to liquidate them be for Russia to restore free government in those countries? The United States and other western powers now publish all the facts on the size of their armed forces and military budgets. Why does not the Soviet Union make similar full disclosures as a start to the "general and complete disarmament" which you- advocate? You say you want more trade with the U.S. You are now at liberty to buy any nonstrategic goods you want, as President Eisenhower has pointed out. Yet for the first half of this year, you bought only three million dollars' worth of goods in the U.S., while this country imported 13 million dollars' worth of Russian goods. Why don't you just buy more? Does tne Soviet Union want U.S. dollar, credits to finance this greater trade you talk about? If greater U.S.-U.S.S.R. trade does develop, will you respect patent rights and pay royalties to American firms for use of their equipment and processes? You have frequently talked of Daily Times Herald Dally Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 515 N. Main Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the post office at Can-oil, Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for republics- Uon of all the local news prtntedto this newspaper as well as all AP dt»- patches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week 9 49 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoin* ing Counties, per year——912.00 Por Month —_ ± "."v.". 1 "* k* 0 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zone* 1 *nd 2, per year- Per Month .115.00 4 1-76 * Vl 114U4J Vll .-. • — UJI1L fTTir •IM»TJ---- I .-. " All Other Mall in the United states, per ye»r_^ „,,.,, $19.00 Per Month . ' ;.---. -,.- T - • 2.00 your power and that you fear no one — not even the devil. Then why are you afraid to let the Voice of America's ideas be heard in Russia, the way Americans are free to listen to Radio Moscow? You say you are for wider cultural exchanges with the U.S. But 15,000 Americans went to Russia this year, while only 600 Russians came here. Why? You have criticized America for "jamming the voice of Paul Robeson" by not permitting him to travel abroad. When will all Soviet citizens be free to travel abroad, coming and going as they please? It has been reported that you read "Doctor Zhivago" and could not understand why its publication in Russia had been banned. Is that true? Will you permit publication oi a Russian edition some day? When? Will you permit the author, Boris Pasternak, to come to America and collect the royalties which have been deposited to his credit? When will your government recognize international copyrights, and pay royalties to authors whose works you have pirated, like Sir Far Baby Doll Printed Pattern 9099 DOLL WARDROBE Delight a child on Christmas with this wardrobe for her baby doll. Includes dress, bonnet, coat, booties, snowsult, playsult, kimono, bunting, slip, " sacque, "sleeper," diaper. Tomorrow's pattern: Women's dress. Printed Pattern 9099: For dolls, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 inches tall. State size. Printed directions on each pattern part. Easier, accurate. Send Thirty-five cents (coins) for this pattern — add 10 cents for each pattern for first-class mailing. Send to Marian Martin., Dally Times Herald, 25 Pattern Dept., 232 West 18th St., New York 11, N.Y. Print plainly NAME, ADDRESS with ZONE, SIZE and STYLE NUMBER. Arthur Conan Doyle's "Sherlock Holmes"? Would you like to return to the United States some time? Or have you had enough? Q — In Colonial history, what importance is attached to the Judith Catchpole case? A — Charged with murder, Judith Catchpole was tried before .a jury of 11 women. This is the first recorded instance of a jury composed entirely of women. Q — Was Brunhilde, heroine of Wagner's operas a real or legendary character? A — Brunhilde was the daughter of a king of the Visigoths and lived in the sixth century. Her life was full of intrigue. * YOUR POCKETBOOK * All Americans Will Feel Effects of 86th Congress By FAYE HENLE No matter who you are or where you live, you are bound to feel the effects of the work of the 86th Congress. The men and women who are your representatives appropriated 73 billion dollars in new money — close to a peacetime record. This is what you'll notice: Your pocketbook will be pinched by higher taxes. If you earn more, your federal income tax will rise. Next Jan. 1, the social security payroll tax, yours and your employer's, goes up again. Starting next month, an additional 15 cents or so will go out of your pocket when you fill your gas tank as the federal gas tax rises to 4 cents a gallon in order to keep money in the highway building fund. "Emergency" taxes are with us for another year. These are taxes on cigarettes, liquor, automobiles and corporations. Yet Congress does not feel that it has done much taxwise in this session. Soon to get under way as a prelude to a broader tax law is an investigation of the nation's entire tax structure. If you are house hunting, here is how recent congressional action affects you: Tight money has pushed mortgage rates up, up, up and you may have to shop around for the privilege of borrowing. The interest rate on GI loans has been raised to 5V4 per cent. Don't gasp at 6 per cent on conventional mortgages, through rates still very according to locale. On homes costing more than $15,000, minimum down payments on FHA mortgages have been cut and ceilings raised on the amount of mortgage money you can apply for ft on single family and multifamily dwellings. The FHA is getting an additional 8 billion dollars to insure home mortgages and their power to insure home improvement loans has been extended. There will also he more leniency for hardship cases to avert foreclosure under FHA mortgages, and new government-financed programs for nursing homes, housing for the aged, the military and the college student. While you will be paying more to borrow, the long-awaited interest rate increase on savings bonds was voted. Retroactive to June 1, savings bonds will bear a one-half per cent higher interest rate — from 3V4 per cent to 3% per cent, For veterans there will be increased payments for ex - servicemen with nonservice ailments. If you think you might benefit from this, check with your local VA office. The program for six months reserve enlistments for draft - age youths was extended. Farmers got benefits as more areas were made eligible for crop insurance and the life of the disposal program for surplus crops was extended. But a limit of $50,000 apiece was placed on crop loans for the year ending next June 30. Some areas of business got minor breaks. The Small Business Administration got added authority to make loans. It will be easier for the Federal Trade Commission to crack down on anti-trust violations. Still concerned about unemployment, Congress did two things: voted 1.2 billion dollars for public works and authorized a special study of the job-lag situation. Probably Congress' major accomplishment was its new labor law tightening curbs on unions. must She Doesn't Care Less- She's Acting As True Wife Memo to autumn grooms: The honeymoon is over when— She gets a far-away look in her eye when you are telling her about your day, while she listens to you with a half a mind and visualizes a new cover for the sofa with the other half. You get home from work and find that no preparation for dinner has been made because her bridge session with the girls ran overtime. When she does get home she says, "Would you mind eating out tonight? I'm beat." She still hangs up the clothes you strew around — but she doesn't look happy about it. She begins to point out the shortcomings of your first house or apartment — like the two-small Spotlight on Agriculture By HERB PLAMBECK OCTOBER came in as wet and dreary as September went out. Most farmers didn't mind too much. It gave them the perfect excuse to hear or watch the opening games of the 1959 World Series. The extended moisture, however, has badly slowed down ensiling, shelling, plowing, fencing and other field work. Ranchers out West have fared even worse . . . with up to two, feet of unw e 1-! come snow i n] Colorado. To the] east, Hurricane: "Grade" made] the Iowa rainsj seem as no thing. SOYBEAN C 0 M B I N ING Plambeck has been delayed. Normally, early October finds the bean harvest well under way. By this Monday, only about five per cent of Iowa's crop had been combined. A small start has be'en made at corn picking, and silo filling is well along in many areas. Fall plowing is ahead of normal ... but there are still a lot more furrows to turn. CORN PICKING may move ahead fast once the weather clears and stays bright. Meanwhile, many farmers still await the first killing frost. A Boone County 1 man, Ray Snyder, working out of the rain in his shed, busy readying his picker and listening to the White Sox clobber the Dodgers in the opening game, with the Los Angeles players getting their revenge the next day, told me, "If this rain doesn't let up soon, it will be winter before we get to picking." # # * THE DAIRY CATTLE CONGRESS got under way at Waterloo, Iowa, this past weekend, and is going full blast. Curtain raisers include State 4-H and FFA judging contests. A quarter million persons are expected to attend the 8-day show ending Saturday. Displays and livestock are housed in twenty- six permanent buildings. The huge hippodrome is a constant beehive of activity throughout each day arid evening. THE NATION'S FINEST DAIRY STOCK is to be seen at the Congress. Except for the Jerseys, all major breeds have their national show at Waterloo. 4-H and FFA girls and boys are exhibiting their prize heifers. Judging in open classes was slated Monday through Friday. Some five hundred horses and ponies are also being shown. DAIRY FOODS are at their very tastiest at this year's Congress. Twenty-five Iowa 4-H girls' teams were demonstrating yesterday • and today, stressing the nutritional value of delicious dairy treats. In addition, the main exhibit hall has some of the finest dairy fo6d exhibits ever assembled. Featured attraction is Uncle Sam, carved out of golden butter, embracing our two newest states — Alaska and Hawaii. MUCH FARM MACHINERY has been assembled in what is described as the World's largest farm equipment show. One firm will have some crawler tractors going through a square dance routine. Another firm has a massive tractor capable of pulling an 8 • bottom plow. Short line equipment, as well as the "giants," is being shown. AMERICA'S DAIRY PRINCESS, Carroll Ralfs, of Idaho, is one of the honored Congress guests, along with Ann Wolf, of Winfield, Iowa, the Iowa dairy princess. Miss Wolf reigned over the 4-H and FFA banquets this weekend. Miss Ralfs, a beautiful, very mature young lady whom I have interviewed several times, is participating in dozens of national events. She is one of America's top dairy "salesmen." * : % * IOWA BEEF MONTH is now underway. The event got a big sendoff this weekend when Franklin County loaded up a 70-truck caravan of finished steers and headed them for Chicago. A Hampton beef barbecue, attended by 10,000 persons, started the festivities. THE "SIRLOIN SPECIAL" was a seven-mlle-long procession that had a lot of'motorists' eyes bugging out, and resulted in a few horns blaring as impatient drivers tried to pass. It left Hampton at 5 p.m. Saturday and was escorted by the Highway patrol. The vast shipment was sold Monday, with a lot of cattlemen watching the market pretty anxiously that day. * * * FARM BUREAU "OPINION- NAIRES," wherein the recommendations of the rank and file of the membership is sought, must be returned at once. In some counties, where annual meetings are being held this week, it's already too late; but wherever meetings are scheduled later this month, the opinnaires should be filled out and fired in to the county officers immediately. The Carroll County meeting will be held soon, but the date has not yet been made known to me. * * * IOWA FFA BOYS are making plans to attend the National Future Farmer Convention in Kansas City next week. Several chapters from this area are planning to participate. Iowa boys are expected to be active in a number of the national events. * # * * UNITED NATIONS WEEK is coming up later. A midwestern group, headed by Chet Randolph, Ankeny farmer, a Spotlight on Ag- inclture associate, leaves Des Moines this Saturday for New York to take in a UN study tour, lowans make up the major group in the party. Washington, D. C., will also be visited. * * * FIRE PREVENTION WEEK is now in progress. Farmers have a great stake in "stopping fires be- iore they start." Most buildings destroyed by fire must be replaced . . . and construction costs now are the highest in history. More serious than the $156,000,000 annual farm fire property loss ... are the 800 or more rural lives claimed by flames in America annually. Let's reduce this tragic, costly loss. RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN are checking many farm communities this week in an effort to locate possible fire hazards. They are trying to make a good showing for their respective school in a statewide farm fire prevention contest. Their efforts could help prevent a fire on your property. We urge you to cooperate with them and encourage them in their unselfish efforts. * * * CLARK COUNTY 4 - Hers were announced Omaha Ak-Sar-Ben show herdsmanship winners this weekend. The Clark County youngsters have now won the championship plaque three years consecutively — a record achievement. Perhaps one reason for this is because Steve Evans, Clark County extension director, promised the 12 young exhibitors a dinner if they won again this year. Moments after the announcement was made, they were leading their CED to the nearest restaurant to pay up. "And I don't mind a bit," said Evans. living room, or the inconvenient kitchen. She tells you where the bandages are when you cut your hand, instead of rushing to give first aid. She doesn't rush to the door to greet you. She occasionally mentions that she wishes you wouldn't do this or that. She begins to talk about what a problem it is to know what to have for dinner. You discover that she doesn't feel the same way that you do about some things you consider important, and that you find her ready to argue for her point of view. She starts using the phrase, "If that isn't just like a man." She begins buying things for the house without asking you to go along, and you suspect it is because she wants to be sure she gets to do the choosing. She gets off in a huddle with the girls when you go to a party instead of sticking close to your side. Don't worry, though. All these little signs just mean you've got yourself a wife, instead of a bride. (All Rights Deserved, NEA Service, Inc.) Every politician should.have two special hats — one to toss into the ring, the other to talk through. Smart Chill-Chaser 1960 RAMBLER . . . Crisply sculptured lines which blend with each other to provide an overall "package" design highlight the Rambler line for 1960, which goes on sale October 14. An addition to the line is a new three-seat station wagon. Horsepower ratings are 127 for the Six and 200 for the Rebel V-8. Optional power packs ar« available. The newly designed Interiors provide five-foot-wide seats for six passengers and Increased entrance room. Shown Is the Rambler Six Custom four-door sedan. Remember Way Bock When Nineteen Nine— Joseph Heider has sold his farm southwest of town for $141 an acre. About eight years ago he bought the same farm from John O'Donnell for $60 an acre. This is an indication of the way land prices have gone up in this part of the state. Nineteen Nine— The reception given at the M.E. Church last Wednesday evening for Rev. and Mrs. Taylor was well attended and enjoyed by all present. Nineteen Nine— C. F. Riter, who has been making Carroll his headquarters for some time, intends to move his family here. Nineteen Nine- Mrs. James Fritz and Mrs. Anton Speiker of Carroll were visitors in Arcadia last Friday. SO THEY SAY I have always had a fondness for odd names. I don't know why — I just like them. — Mrs. Walter Street of Hope Mills, N.C., explaining the name of her 16th child, Nikita Khrushchev Street. From age 1 to 14, you need good parents and good health; 14 to 40, good looks; 40 to 60, good personality — but after 60 you need cash. —Chicago businesswoman Lorraine Blair. After all, scrapping the lot and getting rid of all arms with proper control is something we should all welcome. If you say it is just propaganda, I'd say the best thing is to test it. It will be exposed if it is. If it is not, we shall get somewhere. —British Labor Party leader Hugh Gaitskell, on Khrushchev's disarmament plan. MEDICAL DISCHARGE Joseph Maher, son of Mr. and Mrs. Martin Maher, arrived home Sunday after receiving a medical discharge from the U. S. Marines. He had been stationed at San Diego, Calif., for six weeks. Herter Works Hard, Stays In Background By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON (AP) - For the first time in years this country lias a secretary of state who is so self-effacing he is almost anonymous. He works hard but stays in the background'. This retiring quality in Secretary Christian A. Herter may have been an indirect but major factor in what seems to be a change in American foreign policy as seen in the new effort to get along with the Soviets. Herter, a mild and proper Bostonian, talks when he has to, as he did last spring and summer at Geneva in dealing with the Soviets on Berlin. Otherwise, he has little to say. This is a switch in more ways than one. Dean Acheson, secretary under President Truman, was a self-assured, imaginative and aggressive man who sometimes even gave the impression of arrogance. He made a lot of speeches, was continually in hot water with Congress, took a lot of abuse—particularly from Sen. Joseph; McCarthy—fought back and yet so managed it that Truman appeared the undoubted boss of foreign policy. Not so with Herter's immediate predecessor, Secretary John Foster Dulles, who was an aggressive man, too, and stubborn. Dulles seemed less imaginative than Acheson, but was continually in hot water with congressional Democrats. He made a lot of speeches, too. But he so dominated his job that President Eisenhower looked like a secondary figure in foreign affairs, leaving it up to Dulles to carry the load. Herter stays so much out of sight that Eisenhower completely dominates in foreign relations. Acheson and Dulles, besides their public speeches, held news conferences regularly. Herter has had only one in Washington since taking office last April 22. True, he has been out of the country a lot—at Geneva and then in Latin America for formal conferences—but even when he could naturally be hogging the camera, or staying within close range, he didn't. Try to remember seeing him at all when he was in Europe with Eisenhower a few weeks ago. Were you conscious of him in any of the pictures of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev taken with American officials? It is questionable Khrushchev ever would have been invited here if Dulles had been alive. His whole policy was a rigid, unbending, stiff-arm. This does not mean to imply Herter is any softer. But he may be more flexible. The difference between Herter and Dulles is bound to affect Eisenhower. Even when Eisenhower and Dulles appeared together on TV it was Dulles who did most •of the talking. The President seemed to defer to his judgment. - Perhaps Eisenhower was always more willing to try new tactics than Dulles but yielded to the older man's more frozen views. It is easy to understand how Eisenhower, when the dominant Dulles was no longer around to lean on or defer to, had to rely more on himself and assert himself more. He has been doing that increasingly since early in 1959 when Dulles began to sink into death from cancer. This was made easier to do, and perhaps became more necessary, when the self-effacing Herter became secretary. For this reason Eisenhower— who always seemed more willing to experiment than Dulles—may have felt free to invite Khrushchev here. It is understood Herter fully approved this idea. * THE DOCTOR SAYS Proper Way to Go About Selecting a Family Doctor Shelter your shoulders smartly in this handy, little shrug with flower medallion trim. Pretty, cozy topping for dresses, separates. Easy-crochet, light In 3-ply wool or cotton. Pattern 7472: crochet directions sizes 32-34; 36-38 Included. ' -Send Thirty-five cent* (coins) each pattern for Ist-class mailing. Send to Dally Times Herald, 235 Household Arts Dept., Box 168 Old Chelsea Station, New York, U, N.Y. Print plainly NAME, AD? DKESS, ZONE. PATTERN NUMBER. JUST OUT! Our New I960 Alice Brooks Needlecraft Book contains THREE FREE Patterns. Plus ideas galore for home furnishings, fashions, gifts, toys, bazaar sellers—exciting unusual designs to crochet, knit, sew, embroider, huck weave, quilt. Be with the newest — send 25 cents nowl HAROLD THOMAS HYMAN, M.D. Written for NEA Service I don't go for a lot of the advice that is freely given people who are looking for a family doctor. Official listings emphasize the ratings of the doctor's medical school and hospital, his connections with the "right" organizations, his research interests and his publications. Well-intentioned neighbors love to credit "miracles" and "cures" to their favorites and to blame the doctor they don't like for "mistakes." Official listings may give a relatively low ranking to the dedicated doctor whose competence has been proven time and time again in the hurly-burly of home and office practice. These same listings might highly recommend a chief of a hospital service who might be unable to go it alone without the assistance of a staff. It may not occur to your glib neighbors, who tout their favorite doctor like a race horse, that they have no qualifications for judging medical competence or incompetence. Indeed they would probably be quite critical of the doctor who set himself up as a judge of their business affairs, which might be far less complex than the challenges of medical practice. I will give you my own minority opinion of the best way to choose your doctor. First, you need one who is available. A French proverb says; "the presence of the doctor is the first part of the cure." In this regard, the testimony of neighbors is helpful, especially to the new arrival in a community. The young mother facing her first trial of labor, inexperienced parents having to deal with the multiple problems of infant and child care, old folks with their growing infirmities — all desperately need the assurance of knowing that their "doc" is on the job, that he can be reached by phone, that he will respond to a call when summoned. They need to know that he will sit out a protracted childbirth or critical illness, that he will ease the anguish of those who "walk through the valley of the shadow of death." When you have discovered a doctor who is available, you will then want to assure yourself that you and he are tuned in. Here your neighbor's testimony is of little help and official listings are of even less use. You'll have to do your own testing to find out whether you rub one another the wrong way or whether you fly the same beam. Ask one of the candidates recommended to you for a meeting at his convenience. Tell him you are looking for a family physician. If you don't feel comfortable in his presence try another doctor. If he aspires you with confidence, trust and a feeling of warmth, chances are that he's your man. A unique method of choosing a physician was employed by one of my patients some years ago. During an epidemic of influenza he was in a foreign country supervising the construction of an industrial plant. Seized by fever and the characteristic discomforts of grippe, he remembered reading a newspaper account of the death of the mayor. He phoned the mayor's home, learned the name of the doctor who attended him during his fatal illness, and summoned the physician. "How did you obtain my name?" the doctor asked. "I read that you took care of the mayor," my friend replied. "But the mayor died," the physician sputtered, "that is hardly a recommendation for a doctor." To this the prospective patient replied: "I knew that you must be good or the mayor would not have you. And if you've lost a good patient, I figured you must have gotten together all the information available in your efforts to save his life. Well, you lost him, but maybe you can use what you found out to save me. So 1 called you." i Barbs The socks Dad wears holes in are just a darn nuisance to Mom. A preacher says that marriaga broadens a man. Not to mention making him short. Most of us get up in the morning these days just rarin' to go- right back to bed. The man who was arrested for having two wives living under the same roof may be just a fight fan at heart. Happiness is a way station between too little and too much. R. J. "Bob" DOLEZAL ATTENTION TENANTS! YOU TOO CAN HAVE INSURANCE COVERAGE for house hold goods, theft on or off premises, personal liability. See us for low-cost insurance for your valuables. For the answer to your insurance Questions feel free to call me at the Qolezal Insurance Agency. Dial 4140.