Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 7, 1950 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 7, 1950
Page 4
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»AOt Wlfll ALTON BVKtttNO T1LBORAPM IATURDAY, JANUARY 7, ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH by Alton feiograph Printin a COUSLET, Managlm Ihetf dally except Sunday; subscription ptt ftc weekly by cantor; by mall, 16.00 a yew within 100 mile*: $9.00 beyond 100 mile*. toitered M second-class matter M the portof flee, Alton, lit, Act of Conirre**, March 3, 1 ^nM tor I1U AMUClAttD PMM AHoeiated fnm li tnUUM ««clui)»ti» M <*» M local n«»i nrtnwo » SMS MtMBCR or » _,,__^— ------- - . rcpublUwttmi at all th« local ntwi prlnM M (Mil M 111 </Pl - Loeai AdvtrtlMBI — Mte« «n« contract mtormatMiei lUectloB «t the T»ttir»pri bu»m«it oftjer HI isy HI nftpMMVlTMWvB Detrain. Bro«dw»y. Alton, UL N Wrtt • HollldiT CO. New NsttoMI Advcrtliini Tark Ctilecta Repnbllrnnw Muat End Mc«Toolsm The Republican party leaders should be able, in their casting about, to find a method to nettle on i successful plan that has not yet been proved a failure, and would doubtless brinj; about the defeat 01 the Democratic candidates in the next Congrcsjiona •lection. The plan is the one the Democratic party management so successfully used against Hoover. It cin't be successful without an c»rPy start bcinj made and the cvcrlastingly-kccping-at-it, such as the Democrats did in the year when President Hoover was the target of attack. It did not require, for success, back in the Hoover days, that there need be truth, or important facts in the charge-making campaign. All it required back in the Hoover campaign of "smear" was just a dogged determination that the idea was to be planted in the public mine that Mr. Hoover was anything but the very capable •dministrator that he really was. It has been strange that in the years since that time the Republicans have never retaliated in kind on the Democrats. Everyone has known all along there was no justice in the smear that was spread over Mr. Hoover by Charley Michelson's committee of the Democratic party. But the anti-Hoover smear campaign worked. Since then the Republicans have meekly carried on as if they were afraid they would hurt someone's feelings. Though having plenty of material to use they have not pressed a vigorous campaign against the Democrats. On the other hand, the Democrats have industriously defended on some very weak situations and have lost only one congressional election in all the FDR era. It wa» possible to elect a we,ik candidate like Harry S. Truman when practically no one but Truman wa§ trying to elect him, or thought it could be done. That Truman could defeat Dewey shows how weak the Republican effort was. We are not the political advisers of any party, but we do think that there is a whole lot being done by Truman's crowd that should be stopped short, and the only way to stop those policies is to elect a Congress that doesn't view things eye to eye with Truman. The Republicans might by making the utmost use of the material in hand, furnished by the Truman administration, build up an effective campaign that would return the GOP to the full control of Congress, and two years later give them the White House. But if these two ends ever are accomplished the GOP must get busy'with its job of convincing the country it knows what to do and how to do it, and vice versa convince the voters the Truman crowd doesn't know where they arc, nor whither they expect to go. It is not in convincing the voters that the GOP knows how to do the same thing better than the Democrats do; it is in convincing the public that the present policies are plunging the nation into bankruptcy. The GOP must tell its story well and must emphasize not only the bumbling incompetence of the Truman administration, but also step back farther and use as a text book for their charges some of the very recent writings of Mrs. FDR, who tells more about what was done in her husband's administration than many folks thought she could do with propriety, or would. Early Candidacies, Long Campaigns) The New Year isn't a week old, yet, but, as the 25 If cars Ago January 7, 1925 Dr. R. A. TrovilMon, « Son of Dr. C. E. TrovllHon of Alton State Hospital, was to be soloist at the reception for Gov. Small on the evening of Inauguration, day. The younger" Dr. TrovllHon resided at Elgin, Members of the family of Wilbur T. Norton ha been called to his bedside, due to his serious Illness Mr. Norton had suffered a stroke of paralysis an hart been seriously 111. Marie Kelley of Main and Boat wick had. recover ed from the grip and had, resumed her studies a school. Mrs. William E. Levin of LaVlsta entertained th boys of her Sunday school class of St. Paul's Eplsco pal Church, at her home. The ftev. and Mrs. W. C. Gosch celebrated the! fourth wedding anniversary with a dinner parly a Hotel Statler, St. Louis. Miss Catherine Wlckenhauser entertained with a six o'clock dinner, complimentary to her cousin Emit Wlckenhauser, who was a student at Qulncy College. Covers were arranged for 12 guests, Fol lowing dinner, dancing and cards were enjoyed Favors were awarded to Mrs. Donald Noyes am Mrs, M. Pennell, Mrs. L. P. Glelber and Miss Hilda Benslnjjer en tcrtalned at the Mineral Springs Hotel in honor o Miss Evelyn Rose of Chicago, fiancee of Clarence Bcnsinger, brother of the hostesses. The party was attended by more than 50 guests, Including friends from Alton, Colllnsvlllc, Kansas City, St. Louis and Lltchfleld. Brldgo was played and those excelling and receiving prizes were: Mrs, R. F. Allen, Mrs W. O. Luly, Mrs. A, M. Mason of St. Louis, Mrs. Walter L. Rugel, Mrs. Victor Volz, Mrs,' Bergesch Miss Neva Amburg, Mrs. E. M. Sparks, Mrs. Frank B, Kane of St. Louis, and Mrs. H. Deen. Mrs. Clara Titterlngton and Mrs. Joseph Hardina had gone to Springfield for the day. Mrs. Marie Hellmich, wife of H. P. Hellmieh died at the family home, 616 State street, following an Illness of five weeks. She was survived by her husband and two sons, Athal and Ellison Morris; three brothers, C. E. Simpson of Poplar Bluffs, Mo., J. A. Simpson and Elmer Simpson of Alton, and a sister, Mrs. O. L. Smith of Alton. H. G. Mather of North Alton, who had a large and valuable collection of curiosities—warlike, domestic Implements and ornaments of races that had nhablted this country long before Christopher Co- umbus—had received another collection. Among the rtlcles were beautiful specimens of pottery in ex- ellcnt state of preservation. They had been taken ut of Indian or Aztec mounds and wcee thought o be many centuries old. Other articles in the col- ection were arrow heads, Indian pipes, and curios. Mayor T. L. VanPreter of East Alton had been .'Hiking slowly about his home carrying a cane as he result of a fall on the ice. Mrs. Rogers Farley of Park avenue gave a lunch- on for her sister, Mrs. J. R. Darloque of Carbon- ale, who was visiting here. The guests included Irlhood friends of the guest of honor. Peanon't Merry*Go*Round GOP to Tell Alms cryptic City Hall reporter puts it, the political kettle is beginning to simmer. In a primary year, January is the time for. announcement of candidacies; indeed, in recent years, candidates have come forth right after New Year's Day, and some even get the word around even before Christmas. The primary will be in April, and candidates for state and county offices will be nominated. Many folks may think that's a long way off and they may ask: "Why bother us now, about politics?" There are many reasons. One is that some candidates think first entry in the field is worth votes. Get commitments of support, before the other fellows go after the votes, they re,\son. Another is that early announcement by one candidate may discourage other prospective aspirants. A third is the belief that, if you get yourself talked about as a candidate, you'll be far in front when the tardy ones enter the field. Just how valid these reasons are, we leave to the politicians to determine. Suppose a candidate, or one about to become a candidate, walks down the street to "see a few people" to find out how he stands. He talks to, say, 10 persons; he tells each one he's thinking about running for this or that nominal ion. No one tells him nay, so the embryonic candidate concludes that 10 out of 10 whom he approached are for him, overlooking entirely the fact that none will tell you to your face he's against you; that none will attempt to discourage you' The public, which at times seems to take its politics too casually, deplores the early announcements, the long campaigns. Most folks display interest only in the closing hours—and moit of them fail to vote. For early announcements, it might be said that the voting public is given a longer time to weigh the qualifications of a--candidate; s longer time to examine his record, and greater opportunity to consider the issues. The game of politics U tiring, perhaps, to all cx- lh* active players and their advocates. But it's great American sport, and our American politics at their fat—or their worst, if you choose—help «!iv* this thing called democracy, and there's little of democracy left in the world. . ,* '' For thtM motorist* who, in recent days, have fcttfid cwtpwlx on th* icy hills of Alton, let them Jpc4|fka. tiiys of yore, whin streets and roads were would follow 5O Years Ago January 7, 1900 The Board of Education, at its first meeting ot the new year, set the salary of H. T. McCrea, new principal of Humboldt School, at $750 a year. The salary of Miss Mamie K. Poindexter as teacher was set at $325. Applications for teaching positions were received from Misses Minnie M, McPherson and Magglo Bassett. M. A. Greding was high man with a score of 195 when the Mysttes held bowling practice on the Luer alleys. Others who rolled \vere W. O. Greding, W. Lochr, C. Herb, E. C. Greding, Evan Christoe, C. Smith, E. Johnson, William Feldwisch, A. Paul, Herman Cole, and E, Cathcart, James T. Atkins and others had filed a suit in Circuit Court for partition of the William Atkins estate, Defendants included John Atkins, Luolla and Eugene Elwell of Upper Alton, Henry Tatum, William Slppy, and W. A. Darnelllc of St. Louis. William Atkins, one of the pioneers of the American Bottoms, died in 1872, leaving a large amount of farm properties. UPPER ALTON.—Work was begun on the construction of plank street crossings called for in the WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. — For Republican ears only, Senator Taft gloomily predicted that the GOP will not recapture Congress thi? November, and as • result the issue of the "social Mate" wont be decided until the 1052 presidential election. Talking shop with tiOP senators behind closed doors, Taft solemn!, added that he himself didn't care to come back to the Senate "if the Republican membership is decreased." Taft look the floor after colleagues hailed his re-election as the most Important to the Republican cause. New Hampshire's tart-tongued Senator Charles Tobey almost turned the meetl. into a Taft rally with an emotional speech. "The most Important thing to the Senate and the country is to reelect a man who has had guts to vote how he stood," rang out Tobey, who disagrees with Taft s often as any Republican In the Senate. . Tobcy even offered to "talk to some of the people of Ohio—some of the humble people." "All the people of Ohio ar humble," chirped Taft's junior coi league from Ohio, "handsom John" Brickcr. Taft then stood up and told ap plauding senators: "I don't wan to come back If the Republica membership is decreased, l^war to see all of you come back' wh are here now—and a few more I don't expect the Republicans t get a majority in November, bu the important thing is to win som gains. The whole issue of th social state won't be settled any how until 1952." Bare OOP Cupboard Main Issue of the GOP sena torlal meeting was whether t< draft a statement of GOP "aim and purposes" for the 1950 cam paign. Opinion on this was by n< means unanimous. Sen. Henr; Cabot Lodge jr., astute Massachu sets blue blood, spoke for thi majority when he reluctantlj agreed to a statement of GOP aims. Normally he* would be against such a statement at this time, he said, since both parties set down their aims in the 1948 platforms. "But in view of all the publicity," Lodge argued, "if we don't restate our aims, it might look as f we didn't want to." Lodge also pointed out that'con- ributions had stopped flowing in,o the GOP campaign chest and suggested that a statement of lims might increase the flow. But Colorado's Senator Eugene Vllllikin shook his bald and shiny lead. "If you have a statement of aims to please not the little con- ributors, but the big contri butors," he warned, "it would take is back not to the oxcart age but o the antediluvian 'age." Maine's Senator Owen Brewster >roke in tauntingly that he had heard Lodge remark oh a television program that 1 he was in lympathy with only 80 percent of he Republican platform anyhow. Sen. George Aiken of Vermont hen jumped up and announced he favored 90 percent of the Re- niblican more." platform — "probably street car franchise. Under the franchise, the electric company also was to install incandescent street lights every 600 feet on the route'of the car line. Sonic of these locations already were Illuminated by lights for which the village had contracted. By an agreement with Manager Porter, the village was to receive additional lights in place of those that the contract obligation would duplicate. Mrs. Hannah Jlair continued bedfast as the results of a fall the day after Christmas, and her condition had become grave. Illness prevented Reed Montgomery from at- cndlng his classes at Shurtleff, H, A. Morgan came from Indianapolis to visit his son, Fred Morgan. Six W.M.A. cadets received a partial ducking when co on the pond broke during a hockey game. W. H. Reynolds was to visit in O'Fallon. The C. & A. was extending a switch (rack into Beall Bros, new tool plant at Fifth and Belle. D. Ryan was awarded a contract by I ho Bluff Line for •emodellng the old vinegar factory Into n modern relght house. Upstairs offices were to be provided, and, as soon as they could be occupied, the old frame building on the levee was to be vacated and torn down. BKTHALTO.—George F. Wolmer bought the 133- acre farm of Willis and Harriet Heaves for $13,000, and was to bo given possession in October. F. Mutz had filled his Icefcouse with 6-Inch ice of high nual- ty. The village board appointed R. K. Head as po- iceman, filling a vacancy left by resignation of Ed Cooper. MOHO.—The Presbyterian Sunday school elected lurvey Dorsey superintendent. Other officers chosen vcre C. K. Stahl, Miss Olive Henderson, Miss Nellie Kennedy, Wilbur Montgomery, Miss Bessie Kabel, iarry Russell, and Warren Smith. So They Sav... Ultimately we will recognize them (Chinese Reds). The universality of control is already there. —Sen. Elbcrt Thomas <D> Utah. (t 1 * the only Hollywood award I've ever won. You'd think I'd at least get a gold plaque studded with diamonds. The only reason I wanted the award I* because 1 thought I'd get a trophy.—Actor Humphrey Bogart, voted Hollywood's most unco-opera- tive actor by women reporter*. "What part of the 1948 platform do you want to change?" Aiken demanded. But his question was never answered. In the end, the conference agreed to appoint a committee to help draft a new GOP statement. This brought two senators to their feet to announce they would refuse to serve on the committee. They were Senators Wayne Morse of Oregon and Bourke Hickcnlooper of Iowa, who said they preferred to run on their own, records. It was clear that the, 1950 campaign was on. Note—There was one new voice at the GOP senators' Conference. He was newly appointed Senator Harry Darby of Kansas, who recited a short statement that he would try to measure up to the standards sot by his fellow senators. "You'll have to do better than that," boomed Senator Vandenberg merrily. New A-Bonib Plan Inside reason why David Lilienthal postponed his resignation from December to Feb. 15 was on Truman's personal plea that he stay on for six more weeks to prepare a new international control plan for atomic energy superseding the old Baruch plan. The Baruch plan was conceived on the idea that Russia would not have the bomb before 1954.. In other words it was bawd on an American atomic monopoly. Since Russia now has the bomb, the Baruch plan I* outdated, and Llllenthal l* framing new proposals to be submitted to' the United Nations this spring. Merry-Oc-lUimi John L. Sullivan former secretary of the navy,' Is branching Into public relation*. He will be the new chtlrman of Allied Syndicate —a New York public relation* firm. . . There'll be no .more strain on senators' voices In th* remodeled Senate chamber, A four-hour acoustics test by. the Bureau of Standards demonstrated that senators can now whjsper their speeches and still be heard. . . . The annual Income-tax, headache will be bigger this year. Uncle Sam has sent out 539,000,00 tax forms—39 different varle. ties. , . . Senate Democratic leaders are strengthening their hand to put over President Truman's tax proposals. The Democratic majority on the key Senate finance committee is being in. creased from 1-6 to 8-5. This should give the administration the balance of power on taxes. . . . George Kennan, chief of Secretary of State Achcson's planning department, has been making -\ special study of the fall of the world's great dynasties, going all the way back to the collapse of the Byzantine Empire. He is trying to forecast what will happen when Stalin's dictatorship collapses. British divert funds U. S. banking and business leaders are mapping a strong drive to put a reservation on 1950 Marshall plan appropriations. They will insist that before any more money goes to Britain, the British government must put a stop to the practice of paying off her debts with borrowed dollars. Indirectly, Britain has been using ECA funds to liquidate her war debts to such countries as Egypt, India, and Pakistan. Therefore, U. S. bankers point out that aid to Britain Is being weakened by this practice; also that these countries are getting the benefit of British purchases which should be enjoyed by the United States. Note—Inside fact is that British Treasurj officials— as distinct from the Foreign Office—are in favor of putting an end to this debt liquidation, or at least cutting it down. (Copyright, 1950. by Bell Syndicate. Inc.) i laMUoH permlswan to tM th« c«« of vartou* repair*, (which many landlord* have been unable to make tor *tfht year*), to the rent. Coming at thi* late date it /sound* a* if they are afraid the hotiM* would fall down through disrepair, and there would be nothing left for the bureaucrat* to control. Nevertheless, thi* still Jails to put any more food on the property owners' table*. While our Incomes have risen 15 percent, providing the tenant was willing to grant such an increase land many weren't), the cost of. living has gone up from 50 to 75 percent and the Income* of our poor, poor tenants have risen even higher, or so our government economists would have us believe. According to a news story several weeks ago, the government frowned on more than 37 percent of n wage earner's Income being necessary for housing. Very admirable and fair, but is this, then, any reason to hold rent down so that a man making $3500 to $4000 a year should pay $29 per month for a six-room house—less than 10 percent of his monthly income? It is true that, were rent controls lifted, many landlords would make a drastic Increase In their rental prices. Can you blame t! e worm for turning? Haven't our staunch bulwarks of democracy, the labor unions, done the same thing rnany times? After years of oppression, In many cases they went hog-wild when they gained the upper hand, and for that matter, unions are still demanding more and more—and getting It. All of which tends to force the cost of living far past the ability ot the landlord to keep up. Remember—not all property owners art "fat greasy monsters, in cutaways and a tall silk hat, squeezing the life blood out of the worker." Most are just ordinary people of flesh and blood whose business happens to be owning a few pieces of property which he manages, keeps in repair and rents out to make a living, instead n: owning a grocery store, or work- ng in a factory or an office. Is this Justice to limit the rights of one group? Is this any closer :o justice than it would be were the ceiling left on the wages earned by bottle packers, for instance, and taken off of every- hing else? Why must the land- ord be the only one left who has not been decontrolled? Every time thn cost of living increases, the unions demand an equal, or better ncrease in wages—why should he landlord be denied this privilege in a "free country?" Robert S. Allen Report* • -- * - —^ i --nr-"-"^^•""-•IrtJlLF *-"" Substitute FE PC Readers Forum Letters to the Editor Communication* to this column must be signed, although the namei with be withheld from publication at requeit of the writers. Letters ihould be of reasonable length, and should avoid personalities and unfounded charges. Free (?) Enterprise To the Editor, the Telegraph: It's about time Mr. Truman, and his "welfare state" cohorts made up theic minds. Are we to have ree enterprise, or a totally socia-* istic state? Mr. Truman has asked for another extension of •ent control—until a date nearly ive years after the end of the war vhich occasioned such extreme urtailment of owners' rights. the p r o p e r t.y Virtually every- hing else has been decontrolled. There is no longer a ceiling on wages, (which have risen far above even the war-time high), 'armers, grocers, and others who ave things to sell or services to ffer may now sell their wares or whatever the traffic will bear; leedless to say, these have also Isen far above the war-time high, 'he property owner is the only >ne who was kept, by government control, from getting on the andwagon. The poor landlord lands alone—his earnings and his uying power are still virtually rozen. Some of the more far- ighted ones, those who were ortunate enough to have the fore- ight to raise the rents before eillngs were clamped on, and In- identally earned the title of "war rofltcers" at the time, are now eceiving an Income which re- resents a buying power of ap- roxlinately 75 percent of their ormal prewar income. But what E the poor foot who took pity >n is tenants, and didn't try to gouge" his tenants early in 1942? His income is frozen at perhaps little better than 115 percent -* is mid-depression income (as lensured by dollars and cents, ot buying power). Admittedly, it is no longer a alid argument that operating ex- en ses are higher; at long last the owers that be have given the Had rent been along with other decontrolled commodities, they would have levelled off by now, building of new housing units would have been stimulated, and in short, we would not be in this present mess. Even now it is not too late. It is true that a period of abuse would result in some cases, and there would be cases of resultant. hardship! But hardship is being worked at this very moment, and has been worked ever since the beginning of the late war for "freedom from oppression by any government or any group." The longer "Bumbling Harry" puts the issue" off the worse will be the final result, unless, of course, he meets the situation with the only other possible fair and equitable course, which is total socialization of all enterprise. Even total socialization would V preferable to our present semi- socialistic state. How long are the Democrats going to buy their votes with the rightful earnings of the property owner? Forever—by yearly installments?—"FED UP." Tooiiorv.lle Folk* By Fontaine Fa* an icc-sltti storm in thaw days) The area would be all but impassable to any vehicle almost, with the exception of the slcifh. So, we conclude, though we slip and slid*, at least today we ride, • * &•" & : -fc Af *& Real Library Problem Editor, the Telegraph: I am not soliciting votes for .. city library. However, I wish you could tell me why some readers still labor under misapprehensions regarding Hayner library. The Telegraph has taken great pains to make everything clear, has conducted a tactful, gallant campaign, has cooperated beautifully with the' City Council and GAAC, yet to the average voter, the plan for a city library is a myth. For ten years the city has been investigating the question of tak- ,ng over Hayner library. Every legal angle has been probed. The city cannot take over the library, cannot even levy a tax, no matter how small, to .support Hayner ibrary. When Mr. Hayner esta- olished a privately endowed Ibrary In Alton, he made ironclad provisions that it was not to belong to the city, In addition circumstances make it difficult for he heirs to give the library to the city, even if they were so inclined. Private property cannot be confiscated. The whole trouble stems from the belief that Mr. Hayner gave the library to Alton and left money for its support. Every voter, whether or not he goes to the polls, should inform himself upon the Issues. The real problem will present Itself after Jan. 21, regardless of the outcome of the election. Frieda Pen-in Caii't Last Forever Editor, the Telegraph: . "Kissing your hand may make a girl feel very nice" philosophizes Anita Loos' Blonde whom Gentlemen Preferred, "but a diamond ring lasts forever." The same conflict of affections arose in' my mind yesterday as I listened to President Truman's promises of $12,000 a year income for every family by the year 2000. Here's the reason: In 1941 I paid $75 for a government E bond. The purchasing power of the dollar then was about 99 cents so I really put up $74.25 In purchasing power as of that time, To do this things that I wanted, but could do without, in the Interest of con- WASHINGTON, Jan. ?-- atlve Brook* Hays (D., Ark.) will introduce a southern substitute for the administration's Fair Employ ment Practices Commission bill. The proposal will be of an "educational, and advisory" nature. It will contain no enforcement penalties, and employers will r-t be barred from discriminating against workers because of race or color. Also, administration of the law Would be under the Labor Department instead of by a separate FEPC. The department would be empowered only to "advise" on anti-discriminatory employment practices. However, the bill will not invalidate state FEPC acts, such as in New York. The measure will direct the distribution of Information regarding the operation of such acts. Trie bill is Hays' second attempt to offer'a southern substitute for the President's civil rights program. Two years ago, the Arkansan. proposed a compromise anti-lynching and poll tax plan. Under it, the federal government would have been empowered to intervene In lynching cases when local authorities failed to act, and the poll tax would have been dealt with by a constitutional amendment. President Truman rejected the proposal and it got nowhere. Hays has not discussed his substitute FEPC with the President, But the Arkansan has discussed it with a number of southern colleagues and received considerable encouragement. On the basis o£ that, he will shortly call a conference of southern congressmen in the hope of getting united- front backing for his proposal. At this meeting Hays will stress the fact that the administration is in a strong parliamentary position to force acting on its bill in the House. Under the new 21- day rule on legislation pending in the House rules committee, a measure can be brought before the chamber on either the second or fourth Monday of the month. Vinson Report Chairman Carl Vinson (D., Ga.) has a surprise up his sleeve for members of the House armed services committee at the closed- door meeting he has called for Tuesday. He will present them with a written report, of the stormy unification hearings last fall. When the hearings concluded, Vinson told committee members no work would be done on a report until Congress reconvened. But during the recess, he had his staff prepare the report he will submit Tuesday. Although the report is closely guarded, it is pro-air force on the whole, and pointedly admonishes Defense Secretary Johnson to work more closely. with the committee on the budget and other policies of the services. Note: Vinson is very jealous of his prerogatives as committee chairman. He insists that Pentagon chiefs consider him an equal in running the military services. Last week, he wrote Johnson a private letter demanding greater promptness in dispatching proposed legislation to the committee. Lame Duck Lobbyists The House lobby investigating committee has uncovered some interesting information in its own backyard. A check has disclosed that 30 former members of Congress are registered Washington lobbyists; five ex-senators, 25 ex- congressmen. The former are Joseph Ball (R., Minn.); Felix Hebert (R., R. L); John A. Dan- nevar (R., Conn.); Burton '<.. Wheeler (D., Mont.); Edward Burke (D., Neb.). The committee is looking into whether lame duck lobbyists are abusing their privilge ol going on the floor of Congress, to influence legislation. Since the committee was created last fall, more than (tOO lobbyists have registered with the Justice Department. Registrations now total 1,653, the highest since the enactment of the lobbyist registration iaw, Southern Gentlemen One of the first thing* New York's new tenitor Herbert Lehman did was to obterve the old Senate cuttom of making courtesy call* on veteran members. He visited Senator Kenneth McKellar (D., Tenn.), aged president pro tent of the chamber, and was cordially welcomed. Afterwards, Me* Kellar's secretary inquired, "What did you think of him?" "He's a mighty fine southern gentleman,' 1 was the reply. "But he'* a New Yorker!" "Oh, that's where he lives now," said McKellar. "He came original. ly from Alabama. The South is in his blood." Note: Connecticut's new Senator William Benton also called on McKellar. He, too, was cordially received, although two years ago, when Benton was assistant secretary of State in charge of the Voice of America, he was repeatedly assailed by McKellar. After Benton's visit, McKellar told his secretary, "A real nice fellow. Very smart too. He'll do all right." Tax Revision The Democratic "Big Four'' congressional leaders were re. sponsible for President Truman'g decisipn to recommend a general revision of the tax structure. Until his conference with them, he had planned to advocate only a cut In the war-time excise taxes with a compensating boost in corporation taxes. Speaker Sam Rayburn, Tex., counselled a different approach, 'It would be better," he advised, to revise the whole tax system, inculding the excise taxes, instead of ^making piece-meal cuts and talking about a general revision some other time. There is no question a general revision is necessary, and the sooner we get at it the better." Senate Leader (111.), urged that Scott Lucas pressure was the cost of living index for November which was 168.8 as compared with 101.4 in January, 1941. So the government after using my $75 for 10 years will return to me $60 in purchasing power for thn $74.25 in purchasing power I invested in the government 10 years ago. I am still buying E bonds when i can, as a method of saving because I think the government is our best security and I do not know of any better way to invest my savings. , But when I heard the President tell how much his administration hart done for people; and then look back at the cost of living in 1945 when he became president and when the war ended; and learn that at that time the cost of living index was 130; it was obvious to me that most of the shrinkage in the purchasing power of the dollars the government is going to pay me back for my loan had resulted from the inflation created under his administration 1 could not help but think that the Blonde in the first paragraph 01 this letter had some pretty sound business judgment: That my hand has been kissed and it felt very nice but it cannot last forever. Yours very truly, Elizabeth E. I avoided buying serving them for eiwntiai government need* and also to help finance the defense effort. For this |T5 the government was to repay me S100 in 10 years. It will do that next year. But the purchasing power of a dollar «>ow • only bO cents •• compared with the 99 cent dollars I paid for my bond. This calculation is bawd on your publication iaM week of What Century? Wood River, 111,, Editor, the Telegraph: Little did I dream that I would ever write a letter headed (Dear Editor), but here it is. ' The date of my birth is 1904 and since the time I first began to comprehend facts and data concerning various things of life I have always been told that I was born and am living in the twentieth century. As of Jan, 3, 1950, I find that they were all wrong and I am living in the nineteenth century—according to your editorial. "CONFUSED." Wood River. Editors Note: The 20th Century began Jan. 1,1901. Count it up and we. If someone owed you $100 and stopped counting dollar bills after laying down 99, you would under- that strong in his chamber for slashing excise taxes. "That is true in the House, too," said Rayburn. "But/ 1 we Democrats have got to do something about ending deficit financing. It seems to me -that by overhauling the whole tax code, we can eliminate many inequalities and loop-holes and thus increase revenue without bobsting taxes." " Vice-President B a r k 1 e y and House Floor Leader John Me- Cormack, (Mass.) agreed with Rayburn. "All right," said the President. "I'll follow your advice. But that means the House Ways and Means Committee will have to go to work on a general tax revision without delay. It will be up to you to see that it does that." Price Investigation It is up- to the Senate whether Senator Guy Gillette (D., la.) continues his investigation of food prices. He wants to do so, hut has run out of funds. He will confer on the matter this week with Senator Elmer Thomas (D., Okla.), chairman of the Agriculture Committee, from which Gillette got the money to launch his probe. To support his plea, Gillette will submit more than i 10,000 letters he has received from all parts of the country urging continuation of the investigation as a means of heading off further price boosts. PAYROLL PADDING — Representative Usher Burdick (R., N. D.) has added a new provision to his resolution for a public airin; of congressional payroll padding. He has included the 80th Congress as well as the present one. It happened this way: A Republican colleague congratulated Burdick on his proposal, saying, "That ought to give the Democrats something to worry about." Burdick, who is a free-wheeling independent, replied, "You've just given me an idea. I'm going to add the 80th (Republican-controlled) Congress too, I'm gunning for payroll pad- ders and not playing partisan politics." MIDDLE-INCOME HOUSING— Senator John Sparkman (D., Ala.) has scored a big accession for hit. middle-income housing bill. The White House has given it the nod. The approval followed a conference of officials of housing and veterans' organizations with ai.cies of President Truman. Until this meeting, the White House was chilly towards Sparkman's measure, which authorize $2,000,000,. 000 for financing non-profit cooperative and tingle-unit housing projects. A cooperative motgage agency would be set up to administer the loans. Capitol Chaff Henry Fowler, liberal Virgin' Democrat, has the inside track for general counwl of the Democratic National Committee. The job wai formerly held by Welburn Mayock, California tideland oil man, who has announced for governor against James Roosevelt. Fowler was a member of the staff of the Civil Liberties Committee headed by former Senator Robert M. LaFollette, Wis. . . Senator Robert A. Taft (R., O.) began the w\v session with a brand-new pair of horn-rimmed glasses. . . . Senator Richard Russell (D., Ga.) has told administration leaders he will support extension of the draft pro* vided the Army continues segregation on the squad level, "Otherwise," said Russell, "I 'am against extension of Selective Service.' . . . Senator Dennis Chavez iD., N. M.), chairman of the public work* committee, I* planning to hold hearing* on' the Columba Valley Authority proposal In February. . . . Wisconsin Democrats. shopping around ior a candidate against Senator Alexander M. Wiley, are eyeing William Sanderson, secretary to Representative Merlin Hull (R., Wis.). (C(>t*ri«h taw. NMMiau. law-)

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