The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa on May 7, 1892 · Page 2
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May 7, 1892

The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa · Page 2

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Saturday, May 7, 1892
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The Postville Weekly Review POSTVIIiIiti, SAT'DAY, MAY 7. W. K. BTJBDIOK, Editor. MnHrtd at the po$toJpct at Poiftille as Utond-tlan matttr. A PITIABLE EXCUSE. prosperity as when produce, Jnbor «Dd eomniedtties of nil Winds bring a good prico. All we want is for all classes of lsibor to bo TTOII paid and all other price* fairly based on tins prioo of labor, and the ideal national prosperity lias beni attained. Such a prosperity never can be built up on a basis of freo trade. WATTERSON ON THE SITUATION It is not astonishing that tho lesser lights of the domocrntic press continue lo shut their eyes against palpable and self-evident facta brought out by the workings of the McKinlty law. and shout as lustily as of yore "The tariff is a tajc, and sololy in the interest of the manufacturer, and death to tho producer and consumer." We expect nothing else from this class of blowers and strikers, for they, from time immemorial, haye had instructions from lh* head moguls of thtir party to make Ihis assertion iu season and out of season, lint it is pitiable to soo such a great paper as the Louisville Courier Journal, the editor of which, Uenri Watterson, stands at the head of democratic editors in the Uaited States, and lias been prominently memionod in connection with the candidacy for president, get down to tho poUifogging Ihst tho exigencies of tho times compel him to do to maintain his position of warfare on what lie lias always termed •'the robb«r tariff." Being driven to the wall by unanswerable proofs that goods are not higher, but cheaper, since the passage of tho JfeKinloy bill, lie is forced to admit th* fact, but h« Hies for sheltur behind the assertion that whilo goods aro unquestionably cheaper here they ar* also cheaper abroad, ami that if wo had unrestricted freo trade we could gat goods here eren cheaper than wo do now! Is not this groat logic for a statesman F What did ho say two yoars agof Did he not say that through the workings of the proposed McKinley bill the poor man would be deprived of woolen clothing for himself and family, and that even tho much abused dinner pail would be too much of a luxury for him t* afford on aacouut of the greatly enhanced prices? Now ho concedes that all this was false and has proven absolutely without foundation, but h* say* with no tariff these articles would be cheaper than they arc now. As he admits that, he was radically false in his premises two years ago what assurance harts wo that he is not just as falsa in his premises now? Uv. Watterson is too able a man not to know that he is. He is too sharp and acute a reasoner not to know witr goods are cheaper than they were two years ago, although the tariff on many articles was largely raised. Tho merest tyro in political economy, iu view of (he facts now established, can give the great editor light on this subject. Let us see what tho McKinloy bill aid. First, it assured the wholn market of the United States to home manufactures provided it oould furnish the goods below the cost to manufacture them in furopo with the amount of tho tarifl added. Second, through its reciprocity clause it extended our market to th* South American states aud in unit measure to Germany and France. These assurances gav* confidence to dormant capital and millions of dollars ware put into new and old plants, and in an incredibly short time wo have been onabled to supply the demand and to radueo tho prico, on the principle that a large business can always bo done with a smaller per cent, of pre fit than a small one. For Instance, take a mercantile firm in rostville. Tho partner* rent a stor* building and two resi donees in which to live. They hav* to pay tho sam* rent* whether their saleu amount to $20,000 or $70,000 a year. The difference in expanse would not much exceed two per cent. Now suppose they made 20 per cent, on their $10,000 sal** and only 10 per cent, on their $70,000 sales. It is easy to noo they would be very largely ahead on the latter volume of business although the per cent, of profit Is only half as great. And this covers the whole ground. A small business must realize a large |protit, whilo a large business can b* done on a very small profit. Assure any store in Postville a daily average trade of $300 and It oould, if it desired, sell good* so eheap that every other stor* in town would be compelled to close their door* unless they oould secure an equal trade. . . And this i* why protection has rediie- ed the prioo of goods. It has doubled and perhaps tliribbled the volumo of business by (hutting off foreign mado goods and adding facilities for supplying them at horn*. But supposing, as Mr. Watterson advises, the tariff bars be takou down Would goods be eheapor than now? They would be just as much eheapor a* the difference of tho cost of labor enter ing into their manufacture is cheaper in Europe than it i* here, for then all labor hero must drop to the European ' standard. If yo« want to g*t your necessaries a few cent* cheaper than you now d*> and you ar* willing to Urork for from 40 to 60 ots. per day, you want to favor Mr. Watterson'* plan, for Ibat is all it means, disguise it as you may. But one says thatltdou't make any differane* if labor is oheap if goods are cheap in proportion. Under certain conditions this might be true, but take the world as we find it, it is not true, la the first place in the United States 'no nan expeets to pay out all h* OHMS as uagoM along. If he do** he will dl* In the poar house 9 . ' He aims to save fnbugb' to eventually buy a home or a . piece of laodi or to lay up *om*thlng for a rainy d»yV This he cannot do Jn Kurort and he ooulctnot do it her* on r .Raropean *•»;•«• A , 'ft-ft* It JOlblptf so 4st»ara)ixlng tyvgloa. ik tbll continuous orr for No one will dispute the absolute detuoeratic orthodoxy of Mr. Watterson, of the Courier-Journal. In,order to gel a tull understanding of the situation from personal investigation he hns spont several weeks in New York and Washiagton and writes his conelu- sions from tho latter city over his own signaturo to his paper in a throo column, double loaded Utter. We havo only spiioo for lli» concluding poriion of it. It is conclusive and shows the dire extremity of his parly. Ho says the nomiaatiou of Cleveland would be party suicide for the following reasons: '•First, he would lo .ie tho stato of New York as surely and as disastrously as it was lost by Judge Folger, when a hundred thousand republicans stayed away from the polls and gave the slat* to air. Cleveland by nearly two 1ms died thousand majority. Aud, second, with his proclaimed and extreme viovrs upon silver coinage, wo could not hopo to gain votes iu a sin gle one of tiie republican states of the uorlhwesl. and would suroly risk ihe loss of such states as West Virginia, Virginia aad North Carolina. It is the worst sort of nonsense to talk about ground-swells that impend nowhere. We have to fight a compact, organized and intelligent enemy. Our lino of battle now, as before, will rest on Connecticut, New York and Ncv Jersey in the east and Indiana in th west. In three of those states, Con- ueclieiii, New Jernuy and Indiana, there is a respectable minority of d*m ocrats opposed to Mr. Cleveland, lu tho remaining one, New York, the democratic! majority against him is overwhelming. I do not believe that li» can carry any ono of thorn. I believe that ho would loso them all. But, if democrats aro not bereft of their sen- sis, any sound damoernlia ticket ought to carry them easily and so win the election. My mind can reaeh no other concltv sions than tho foregoing, from all that I havo seen and heard both in New York and in Washington. I send theni to the Courior-Journal as a maltor of duty. Its readers can accept them a» true, or false, just as thev please. They are at least disinterested. I want nothing whatever of tho demoeratie party, and from Ihe democrats only Iho belief, which 1 hope that twenty- five yours of hard and honest sorvice have earned me, that I am a fairly intelligent and unprejudiced observer of public ailairs, and that 1 would not. to »avo my own life, willfully lie to misleal those whoso confidence is doar- er lo nie than life. I havo nothing but respect and regard for Mr. ClovoTand. I have no alternative in iho shape of any individual preference to oQer. I simply want to see the party win this presidential olaction, and I think we can win it if we put our heads together, like men of sense? to make a tickot, antagonizing none of our warring elements, but uniting tho party thoroughly in New York, and everywhere else. In default of this, I can see, nothing but defeat, tho more disgraceful because, if we take a lottery chance in the New York factions, wo shall have IT looks ratbor cheap fer the great tallies to bo using "warmed over" cartoons, from tho Inter Ocean. They might wilh equal propriety copy the lnlev Oeean editorials without giving credit. The effectiveness of a cartoon is its originality. ANOTHER LARGE STRAW. This is a republican yoar and don't yon forget it. Everything is going one way with snch a rush that republicans are as much surprised and nonplused as democrats. For the first time in twenty years St. Paul last Tuesday cWolud a repuhliean mayor, and not only this but the entire city ticket and almost the entire council, justices, ete., making a clean sweep. Not even the most sanguiae republican hoped for any suck a landslide. Hut the l»ayen is working, when even in such a democratic stronghold as St. Paul, which has not elected a republican before since 1872, the board is swept clean Republicanism is on top, and now it looks very doubtful if th* democrats carry a single northern slate neit November. The tidal wave of 1890 is •bbing with resistless force. THE Dubuque Telegraph is a straight Henry George paper. In a late issue it had a column leader devoted to the late Wm. Astor aud his $70,000,000 estate, drawing tho moral therefrom that he had no right to that property because by his own exsrtions aud labor ho did not produce it. There is no question but 111011 great fortunes are not desirable to the mass of the people, but what are we going to do about it? Jast what amount aro people to be allowed to own? If it is gradod upon what tn»y can earn it must bo reduced to a salary varying from $300 to $2,000 per year. And then a man may be earning only tho formor liguro and by a change in occupation or proficiency may earn the latter amount. There is no way that wo know of to adjust these matters more fairly than thoy are now adjusted, leaving it optional with every man whether he will spend the money be earns as he go»s along, or whether he will savo it aad turn it over to bis posterity. If John Jacob Astor had been a spendthrift and thrown away his money as fast as ho made it the family would have had no estate, and the question is would tho world have been any better for it. The Henry George theory is simply socialism boil ed down. DON'T LII in London. Th* freo traders told you that tho tariff would make carpets dearer, but you see they didn't know anything about it; they are cheaper ".hsn ever." Or it says* "jnst look in tho store windows, just read tho advertisements in the newspapers, and see hat I am doing for you. The free traders lold you that dry (foods and clothing would be 'dearer on account of the tariff,' hut you remember what you paid for a dress or a suit of clothes a year or two age, and you know what vou would have to pay for articles of like quality to-day; I have not made them dearer, rather cheaper." Thus tariff talks on its own behalf. Two years ago u well informed protectionist wrote a scries of papoisfor the Inter Ocean and called them "tariff talks," but to-day there is very little need that any one nhould talk on behalf of tho tariff. Nowadays as the govern or of Ohio truly said, "The tariff is doing its own talking." Aud very pleasant talk it is for the American wage-earner and th* American purchaser of goods. rushed open. upon it with our eyes wide I 'UK State Register, in commenting on the llolnian tkeory of annihilation, terms it "much ado about nothing," and winds up its remarks by giving tho following text and comments: " 'Take therefore no thought for the morrow; for the morrow shall take thought for the thiugs of itself. Sufficient unto tho day is tho evil thereof.' Tho religion that hold that this life was a sojourn iu tho valley of tho shadow of death, is happily going out of style. The ckurehes are more interested in tho life that now is than formerly. Christianity is moro concerned about bread for hungry and ompty stomachs than glorious promises for the future. Occasionally thore is a bitter disoussion precipitated by soma zealous hrothor, but in general terras the hope of heayen and llie fear of hell are at a low ebb ns far as determining the livos of people in this nineteenth century. These who lead good lives, both within and without the ehurohes, do so principally becauso of the rewards it will bring them before they dia. It will not do a great deal of harm to discuss these problems, but really ia it jilh while?" This may be woll for the outside wprld of rationalism, but what ground is thora for tho churches and tor Christianity on such a basisP W«> all concede that the Ufa must ba right hero, but tho church conteuds that it never will or can bo right without the faith that "outers within the veil." Aud how eau tkls faith, bo ex*rnis*d unless we accept the condition* and admit the reasonableness of the sohom*? And how ean we do this intelligently, without investigating, so fa; as wa may, tho past, present and futureP Wa take no slock in the religion or politics of a man who dots not attempt to reason from cause to effoot, and to harmonizo tho undarlyiug principles of the faith that it iu him, with justice, nieroy and th* betterment at the race. This blind aoeeptknoe of a oreeu or a party on tho ipso dixit ot somebody else, savors of barbarism rather than civilisation and enlightenment. W* want to know what tho Bible ttaohos and what tha ohuroh teaobas of tb* hereafter, and than we want lo apply our reason and common sense to bath and be governed by the abstract result of the investigation. In tkls as in all the rotations *f life we MUST giro "thought for the morrow," if humanity is above the lower order of animal ore. ation. IT is stated that more than enough delegates have been instructed for Harrison to nominate him on the first formal ballot, besides tho large number who aro for him) like the Iowa delega tion, but are not instituted. This is as it should be. Now that Blaine is out of the raoo it is the height of absurdity to talk of anybody els* but Harrison We hope to see him nominated nnanl mously by acclamation, no other name being presetted. This is his due and we bolloyo this is just what will be done. It I* said that Col. Henderson not be a candidate for re-election In the third district. II (bin is true Ibat autrlet might just as vrali be conceded. GIVE UB SHALL FARMS. The 4t Fran arapton f^ibu WaltTj" J5TALT. Hjaislct, of the teydon't like his (tier. He pays hiiVj tho following-ftft*handed compli- menVtn'-hTs'^str'week's paper: Should the democratic party exercise wisdom in the choice of a candi- ato its judgement is quite likely to prove sound- but political parties, iiko individuals, ar* prone to make donkeys of themselves. When victory is not easily won; whon ovory inch of ground most be contested, it too frequently happens that the most desirable men of brains shirk the responsibility and forego the pleasure, con amoro, in favor of friend. In tine, ou snch oeetisions, most men aro inoro loyal to themselves than to party and thus the gates ar* oponed and ilemagogaos and professional politicians rush in -and sometimes win, to tho disgrace of tha party. But they are more likely to lose and tho party suffers defeat. There aro several men in the domo- nralio party in the 4th distriet who can defeat any candidate the republicans may nominate, but no man can rid* in on a popnlar wave, as did Bntlor two years ago, Ther* is going to b* a red hot fight; th* republicans will reelaim this district if possible, and tbey will succeed unless one of the ablest and best men in the democratic party is entered in the contest. The Hon. John McHugh probably understands this." While we should bo porfoctly willing for the democrats to nominate some other man thoy have too much seaso to do it, for it would moan certain defeat to do so. From a democratic standpoint Mr. Butler is entitled to a renom- ination by acclamation, which ha will undoubtedly receivo, and ho will poll more vot*s than any other democrat in tho district, far ho is the best worker in the district for a sehool district campaign. But with all this ho cannot bo elected this time. It will prove to be another Calamity Weiler oampaign in the outcome. A oalamity campaign will not work this time. Times aro too prosperous and goods are too cheap in spite of the MeKinley bill. BTIOK TO THE FARM. •'It is no advantage to live in a city where poyerty degrades and failure brings despair. The field* are lovlier than paved streets and the great forest ot oaks and elms are more poetic than steeples and chimneys. Iu the country is the ideal home. Tharo you soa the rising and setting sun; you become acquainted with the stars and clouds. The constellations are your friends. You hear the rain on the roof and listen to the rythmic sighing* of winds. You are thrilled by tho resurreotion called sprint;, touched and saddened by autumn- the graoe and poetry of death. Every field is a picture, a landscape; eyery landscape a poem; eviry flower a tender thought and every forest a fairy land. In the country you preserve your Idontity—your personality, There you are an aggregation of atoms, but in the city you are only an atom of aggregation.' 1 —[Col. lugorsoll. It is a sad mistake for young boys .and girl's too, to tkink that the city If. the only place for a happy life. There is the place of misery and poverty, where thousands of pure lives are wrecked. Slick to th* farm, it is the most pure, or can be, of all places, and the most independent and sure at a living. DOES ITS OWH TALKING. [Prairie Farmcr.J day of large farms is rapidly passing away and it is well that it is so. There ar* two potent reasons why the large farm, comprising hundreds of acres, shou .d become obsolete. Firsti it Is better for the farm owner to restrict his possessions to a moderato amount of laud; and second, it is better to have as many homes in this country as possible. It is a positive fact that the small farm the farm of reasonable size— yays better than the large farm. Kighty acres of land properly managed, manured, cultivated and 'kept up lo its highest standard of production, will produce moro returns from the same amount of labor aud capital than will twice that many acres managed in a half hearted way as most large farms arc tnauaged. It is not tho number of acres one cultivates but Ihe amount of returns one gets that makes farming profitable. In many localities, and especially in the west, farmers bend every effort to add to their inneted possessions. They scrimp themselves, their wives and their children in order to be able to accumulate more land. Tho result of the maltor is, they get loaded down with land tkat they doa't need and which thoy are unabl* to use to advae tage, and all their lives they are worried to keep up expanses and pay taxes. 'I hey become land poor, they nor their families get any enjoyment from living and they get a small return on their investments. Tha small farm where it is kopt in high slate of cultivation, all the nooks aud corners titilixed, and every acre of it mado to produce to its utmost exto;; is sure lo [lay a good profit on botl capital and labor. When farmeri con fined thomsolves almost exclusively to orn, wheat and stoek raising there was some excuse lor large farms, bti now that it has boon demonstrate! that other things pay as well or better requiring less land and capital, (bit excuse no longer exists. I would rather own and operate twenty acres of good ground, planted largely iu fruit, than a liundored acres run altogether to grain. One good, thrifty apple tree iu its prime will produce mora financial income one year with another than an aero devoted to corn. And yet thero is very little expellee or labor required by ihe for nicr, and the ground occupied bv an orchard can be made to do double duty by raising a fair crop of grain, vego tables or grass. Then there is small fruit. There nothing to which the farmer can turn bis attention with nil assurance of greater profit, and but little ground is required. Poultry is another thing that pays, and pays big, because ou the farm it is ensily anil cheaply kopt, and there is no requirement for any marked outlay of eapital. Th*re are innumerable ways by which tho small farm can be mad* to yield, not only a good living, but a snur little blink account besides. And that is some thing that cannot ba said of the large farm. Then again, thore aro thousands farmers wanting homes, and by culling up tho largo, unprofitable bodies of land they can, many of thnm, seour what thoy want. The idle aeres tha t are neglected and loft to grow up in weeds and bushes will be cloarud up and mado to produce a money earniag crop, thus not only briuging a rotnrn on the investment but enabling honest, industrious peoplo to live. What we want is more and better homes, a high or statu of cultivation aud no useless waste of lacd. In other words, we want small farms instead of great tracts af lands that aro incumbrances to the owners as well as profitless THE VALUE OF BIROS. [Inter Ocmn.) »TUe tariff is doing it* owu talking," said Governor MoKlnley. It Is a happy aphorism that may do good service during the oampalgn, , Tha tatift I* doing; a great deal of talking on it» own behalf, H is saying, for example; "hero's your sugar, twenty pounds (or a dollar; used to be 8 cebti a pound before i went to work' upon 11." Or, "here aro your American-made oarpets, really and truly a* good in quality and a* elegant M.TSpgllih .carpets o* like, quality «eJl Rnormom Amounts Saved to Farmer* by Hie l-'entlierofl C !tlr .«liff, Prof. Edward E. Fish of Buffalo, in speaking of the great use of birds nan, says: "It is estimated that they «ave to agricultural purposes alone annually over S100,000,000 In the United States. In many sections Insect life Is itill so abundant as to mnlte human life almost unendurable. In other sections it is only kept In chock by birds, ind there is no place lu which, wer jhls chock vemoved.lt would not groat- .y hold tho balance of power. The nura oer of flics, mosquitoes, gnats and other small insects destroyod In ono day in a small area by warblers, swallows and flycatchers alone, is boyond computation. From doylight until dark, all through tho summer months, these birds wage incessant war on the enemies of man. In somo places when wings only aro sought, tlio hunters grow brutal by tho practice of their horrid trado, shoot the birds down and tear off the wings af numbers while thoy aro yet alive. It is known thut the bird hunters of Florida kill tho birds while they are roaring their young—because af the Teator bounty of their plumage at that season—and leave tho little ones starve to death. One wlio wont' through the hunting grounds speaks of tho horror it gave him to hear the pitiful screams of these dying little birds. Thread From a Vleut In Southern Arizona and Northern Mexico there grows a plant from whloh rope and twine that will scarcely eyo* wear out can be made. It is the mescal plant. It is like a cabbage, and on largo stalk that grows up alongsid. iho houd are long stemmed loavos, with iharp, hard pointed ends. The soft part of the loaf ean bo removed and the etein stretched out to four 7r five feet, it is so elastic. You lot #hls dry aud you have an eyeless noodle ilways threaded. # Tho natives of the country use lothing but the mescal thread noodle, is thoy call it, to sew their garments, You can make an fine a thread as seeded. If you desire a fine thread, pull tho atom, und it will grow smaller in tho same way that rubber will, Ropes and twine can be mude from the plant that are almost a* strong as steel vvlre oablo, The big' stems of the leaves can be used, und there are about Ifty leaves to eaoh head that can be ;*UUK4,.' ^United, Stores tv »4 Me*V loo es>u haye A monopoly on thi* rqpf* LUCKY ROSEMARY. A Plant That Wns l!»Acl n« ml Antidote for Kvll. In ths south of Europe tho rosemary has loug had nvngic properties ascribed to it. Tho Spanish ludies used to .vear It ns ao antidote against the evil eye, and the Portuguese called It the Klfln plant and dodlcatcd it to thu fairies. Tho Idea of the antidote, says All the Year Uound, m*y have been due to a confusion of the name with that of llie rgln, but, ns a matter of fact, tho "rosmnrlnus" is frequently mentioned by old Latin writers, including Horace and Ovid. The name came from the fondness of the plant for the son shore; here It often gets sprinlded with the "ros" or dew of the sru—that is to say, sca- ?prny. Anotlic cause of confusion, perhaps, was that the leaves of the plant somewhat resemble those of tho juniper, which in medieval times was held sncrcd to the Virgin Mary. In the island of Crete, it is said, a bride dressed for the wedding still calls Inst of nil for a sprig of rosemary to bring her luck. And now we como to find rosemary in close association with both mnrrlnge and death, just us the hyacinth wns, and perhaps still is, omong the Greeks. It is interesting to trace the connection by which the sane plant came to have t vo such different uses. One of the cirliest mentions of rosemary in English literature is In a poem of the fourteenth century, called, "The Glorious Bosemarync," which begins thus: This hcrbo is cnllit rosi-maiyaa Of vertu that is poilo and tyt,» But al) the verities toll I o» caw Nor, I trowc, no crthelj in-o VENOM OF A TOAD Are you going to buy a New Carpet this spring? Now is your opportunity to see a choice selection of ALL WOOL INGRAINS. Tho Creaturo Kcnlly Dot 1 *. Srorctc I'otnott, HnyH a London VhyslL -lnn. A correspondent of a Laodar journal maintains the scientific concctnuss of Sha'-'spcre's assertion that the load "sweats venom." He says that this venom is of a U'erably powerful lature, and that instead of being secreted by the salivary glands, as in nakes, it is actually secreted by tho skin, so that the word "sweated" is most accurately descriptive. This secretion, Dr. Guthrie states, »l8o occurs In the toad through tho arotid glands, tho venom beinjj a thick milky fluid, like the jnii.i» of dandelion stallts in taste and apnear- ance. When injected under the skin, it kills small birds in six minutes, and dogs and guinea-pigs in half an hour o un hour and a half. The symptoms n birds are loss of co-ordination, fol- owed by death; in guinea-pig; convulsions, and in the dog depression, vomiting and intoxication. Dr. Guthrie kept a small toad in a aage with some lizards, aud one of them, having bitten the toad, hocamo convulsed nnd died in less than two minutes. His dog, having seized a toad, was attacked by instantaneous and profuse salivation, violent vomiting and collapse, lie states also that his hand was poisoned from handling a toad. ^ ABOUT GOLD. V Very Little Gocn a I.OIIB Way In tlio A'arlou* Arts. Most people believe that there is no known chemical that has any effect upon particles of gold. This is a mistake. Lelcnic acid will dissolve it as eadily as aqua fortis dues the. bt.ser metals. A mixture of nitric un:l hydrochloric acids (aqua regia) will also lissolvo it, forming chloride of gold; so will a solution of chloride gas in water. Chloride of gold is thjj only alt of importance obtained from tho •cllow metal. This chloride is used for oloring glass, also in photography. Vhen used by the glass-worker ho finds that tho hundredth part of a ffttin will deeply color a cubic inch of flass. By beating out between two pieces of membrane, gold may be flattened into leaves of such thinness that 282,000 of them may be laid one upon tho other in order to make apile ] inch high. Gold beaters havo succeeded iu preuding a single ounce of gold over a surface of 300 square feet. In making jfold threads for embroidery it has been found that six ounces of gold can be drawn into 200 miles of wire. Odd l 'laco for a Snake. Mr. Edward Jones, who resides at Alexandria, Va., was chopping somo ak wood ono evening when ho camo cross a piece that was very hard to Bplit. Ho worked at it till it camo apart, but was dumfounded when ho found a snake in the centre of tho tough picco, rolled up in u ball, with no means of ingress or egress. Tho wood had grown around the reptile to tho thickness of U inches on all sides, proving conclusively that he must havo been there for many years. Home who viewed tho stick and thu smooth cavity where his snakeship had lulu calculate .hat not less than a hundred years had elapsed since ho took up his abodo where ho was found. The most curious part of the story is that tho snake was not hard, dry or petrified; on tho contrary, ho was as flexible us any snako would be rolled up lu winter quarters. Mr. JoncB had several handsome offers for either the snako or tho split stick showing his abode, but all offers were promptly refused. Trees in the United States. Tho last census shows, among other surprising things, that there aro more than half a million almond trees actually bearing in the United States; that there are hundreds of thousands of bearing cocoanut trees and moro than a quarter of a million olive trees, producing fruit equal to the best Mediterranean varieties. Thoro are more than half a million bearing banana plants, 200,000 bearing lomon trees, 4,000,000 orange trees, and 21,000,000 pineapples. The value of tropical and semi-tropical fruits grown under the American flag is nearly 320,000,000.. Convincing; Proof* "Look at thoso glovosl" said a shop- er at the glove counter, as she hold iip her hands incased in neat brown tlds. "What's tho, matter with those gloves," asked the salesman briskly. , "Why, whon I straighten my hands )ut, so, thoy wrinkle on the backs like that." "Will you pull ono of thoso gloves off, lady?" She did as requested. "Now, straighten your hand out, so. That skin ftts worse than thoso gloves, floesn't it?" ' She took the gloves and hurriedly' deported.—Detroit Free Press, BODY BRUSSELS. TAPESTRY BRUSSELS, RAILROAD TIME-TABLB8 22, 1891, Ry. will 4 :C1 p. m -8:29 a. ni. .11:06 a. m 4:'0 p. m. .6:36 p. m. TTNION & COTTON CHAN. Prices Low if you buy. It -will cost you nothing to see them. Also remember that I carry the Largest Line of Lace Curtains, and Window Shades and Fixtures in the city. Yours Respectfully, WALTER CHRISS. On and alter Sunday, Nov. trains on the C. M. & St. V loave Postvillo as follows. aoixo CAST. Paspengnvs. No. 2 No. 4 (night) Freights. No. 10 Chicago Stock.. No. 6 Way Ne. 12 Milwaukee Stock OOIKO WEST. Pasneugers. No. 1 night 12.10 n. iu. No. 3 .10:Jo a. m. Freights. No. 7 Way Freight 11:06 a. m No. 9 'limn Freight 6:15 p. m No. 11 Time Freight... .H:i6 p. in All Freight trains niontloned, nxeopt No. 13, carry passengers when provided with proper transportation. No. 9 between N. MrfJrogor and Mason City. M. E. TAI.COTT , Agent." B. C. R.&N.R.R. ©. F\ GMNTON. A complete and full stock of Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Mouldings andBuilding Paper, yellow pine Flooring and Ceiling oak, ash and maple Flooring. All parties intending to do any building the coming season will consult their own interest by obtaining figures from me. Particular attention to filling bills Best of grades only handled. J. SHEPHERD M.D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, V. 8. PJ1KSIO.V EIAU1«*B. Oftla* Kt roBideueo on Green atroet, aeooud houae Ha.atof Hoy ikMcN'ail'a Hu^nlwaio. F.J.BECKER,M. D., I3IO MEOPATHIC THYSICIAN Ml) BUItOKON, Olnco on Hoeoncl Floor of parkor'a DulUltng, naar 1'oatolTlcu, I'ostvlIU, lown. STATIONEKY. Don't forget, when you want plain or tancy Stationery, that the Review ofllco is the place to get it cheap. Xi. STROEBEJL & SOW, — *»|o»anwoB» o» — Postville Boot and Shoe Store, • (AT i»«M»Q«Q * nOlT«B'S 0W» STAMP;) .. {lave Mult Hue-«l Boot*, Shuet, Slip ffi to » Ho,. A igMMifydWy*-'* Oi )|fcW. wife' fend'. Hiwhii'l'ng. u«My: CENTRAL MEAT MARKET. GILIO.V & COUEIT, IMtOl'8. Having formed a [co-partnership, we intend tc constantly kevp on IKUK ! a full Ktoek of both fresh and galled meats. We liiuUe \\ specialty of liolog. na, pork, liver and summer «aii«ii^t :3. Also all kinds ol prepared moats. Endeavoring to give .luisfuulion, we solicit a portion ot your patronage. DR. J. S. GREEN, I'HVSICrAN 4 SLTWEOX, Office and Residence Southwest par of town. All ealls promptly attended DANIBL A. JERALD, IMIercl^a-iat Taller, Poatvillc, Iowa. All workfvvarranti'd in give satisfaction. A full line of the latest styles in samples. ALL. HEADY. N. BEEDY. r.-.-PHOTOGRAPHER-:- And Dealer in I'ieluie Frame*. Postville - Iowa The Old Reliable Meat Markit JOHN B. 1URT, Proprietor. Oppo Uo - Postvillo- •,• i - i-'- . None but the lies! meals purchased. Kverylliiiig; iu lirsl-el-isi shape, t'oiir- leous Iroulineul to nil. Prices iilivius tho lowest,. That explains the condition ef this concern to a dot. Our storo is full of aeasunahlu goods, and we are full of energy and honest intentions. Wo therefore feel warranted in announcing ourselves till reuUy for business, and respectfully invito the Attention of tho public for a fuw ihoiuonts whilo wo endeavor to show that thin announceivriit is of vital importance to yon all. Wo are expending our best efforts to conduct a successful business, and aro sharp enough to see wo can do so only by gratifying the wants of our patrons. That is what we aro hore for, and that is just what we proposo to do. If you want to be edified, gratified and almost slupiilird by big bargains asd kind treatment, come right along, and we will 1111 you so full of contentment and brotherly lovo that you will want to givo every man you meet a quarter. OUR AIM is To sell only first-olass goods. To soli them as low as wo possibly oau. To soli only such goods as wa enn recommend. To please ail who favor us with their patronage To represent our goods only at we believe them to be. To treat everybody honestly and fairly as wo would ourselves be iraatud. That sounds good. Has the right kind of a ring, doits it no»P and now pleaso bear in mind wo prautico just exactly want we preach. You need not take our word for il, hut come m at any lluis and sco for yoiirsolTt'i. And now a word iu regard to our steok. Wa, of course, think il is nice. We know we have made an honost effort to soourrVthe very best articles in our linn to U found in the. market, and know no one can buy closer than wo have. The goods are here in our store, we haro markod the goads as low as we possibly o»u, the result must depend upon our ao'.ions, and wo do not worry over the issue. Wo only ask the people to examino our goods, leatn oar prions, and follow their own convictions. Thanking par old friends for the cordial support we have rami red at their < RI N COUGLASS p.„ » _»_ »\... —_t —.a : ' 1 * Wm. SHEPHERD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Inaur*,u«3 A gout ami Collector, Authorised to praot.ee in nil tho courts of tho »titti», Ofllot* ova> lien's storp, brioJi blouk. POSTVILLE - - IOWA. BR, C H. EtfKT, Tfi€ DG{MTI3T. Permanently locale;! in Postville. Ofliee over Wat em & Xieol.-.y's Hardware Store, Brick Block. J. A.H AVIPvL AND, "Vet3riaaa ,x3r Surgeon, INJ3TV1I.I.E, IOWA. Offlsn first door Knst of the Commercial House, Green St., Postville, Iowa. A line set of surgical instruments. All necessary medicines kept on hand Thirteen venr .i succcwsful practice Calls promptly :in«wered Granite Cemetery Work, Iron Ponces, Curbing <&c. T'ho»e iulBiiding to pnrohsso Mom- menial work for future delivery will Hud it to ihcir advantage 11 exam'iuo M. V- Kidder 's Granite Work in Cemeteries, us ho is doing first-class work alas low prices as can be procured in tho country. If ho hits not called upon you drop him a card at Decorah nnd he will bo pleased lo visit you with Designs IUKI samples of all kinds of Granite, nl tho lowest possible pvle.es. M. V. KIDDER, 34m6 Decorah, Iowa. JAPANESE LE A Guaranteed Cure for Pllea ot nhatever klmt or degree-External, Internal, Blind or- UleediiiR. - "J' Z" roai °t R««nl or Here<llt(iiy. Tins i , i »'vely never Lean kuowu to fall. Si.oo a box, 6 boiei for 15 .00: aom by iirensld on receipt of price. A written Guarantee positively givtn to each purclinaer of 6 boiea, wlioa purchased at one time, to rofnnd tho Ij.oo paid if not cured. Guarantee laaued by <5„. A „-„. » , R i,f' POUGCASS, Dl .iieo.iBT. Sole Agent, Poimlle, lonn, Keutetl^ has hands in tho past, and promising our best efforts to merit a share ei your future patronage,, wo remain Very truly yours, Pormfcuc. Iowa, Manufacturer and dealer |« all kinds of faavnoss^and all oihev (jocn)s belong, log ty tho trade, AfuUand, eoinplete st^ook always qn hand. » V, ti. Yf« IjuvesoweWlnjev Goqcja y «t^'wii.ftt^ nnxkw io'.hivVtlt'pm -all: J. F. SMITH, V. P, JAS. MeUWKN, CAMHSK, CITIZENS STATE*-BANK, POSTV1M .J8, tQWA. 7i PAID UP CAPITAL, $25,000. Do a General Banking IUuIIIOM . Iiuy <trnl sell Foralgii and Houftatlo Kx- ohauge, Aooounts .of Farmer!, Mer- ohanrs/and others received and oave- fuUy M'Oteo-Ud. iiiuien jjaidort Time Deposits. PMtJ«8 KoRiiif •AJID LEAVING AN!) ARRIVING TIME OF TRAINS. DEfOKAH I>IVISI<",K. Time Taldi! Ill effect Nov. lfi. ISO! £ > »5 .«ctigcr going Norlh... .'..10. I' if Souih. 4:J(i. •• Freight. " North, ...3Ai, 1*. M J. E. J'EKRV -Ageni. Postville Dray Line P. J. BEUCHER. Prop. Having purchased the orijjinn. l'o*t- ville Dray Line I am prepared to <i<. nil kinds of" draying promptly , carefully and satisfactorily. Good teams, good drays and careful driver-* ; Iways at the service of the public, at b.ir prices. All kinps of light or heavy haiiiMi;;. in town or country promptly <l,.r;e. CHURCH DIUHOTOtW. <.'ij.\\.!:i:riA FIONA!. -K-V N. I.. Il.irton, )•!,«. tm. Prenct.tug tvory Suntlny u'.;jo -i0 A. M. an:17:30 I'M. Hul.bn.tii hrbnol in^ncdlrttoly attar ir.r.rniug scrvico. Y. I'. S. C. K. mooia every HUIHIAJ . eTyiiitif r.t C, :IT>. Prayer Mett- 'ing YYeilni 'Bdfty ovoninta. MKTHODI.ST.—HOT. U. J. f.nckoond, IPmtur. rror.ehlnt,' sorTicoa ovory .Sunday at 10 :30 A M. and 7:30 P. M. Salil.»t!i Kclioo) llr.liiull- otuly after nuu'iiing !ierrh'r. 'J iio Xptrorth I ,nu,-;uti cwry Sunday evouint; lit C.-nO u*cluek. lV;\yev ui'.vUui; iM »ry Vfodnt-bilny ovcutuK at 7 o'clock. Yoofflro earnestly invited. POSTVILLE LODGES NOBLE LoDGS No 51- A. a. v. ir. Tlx l.nvsvl Ancient Order of United Workmen meets the. Second and Tom'th Suiui'ihiv -'Venim -.s in e:irh iii"Uth. in the Alujosiie. Hull over t,hu IirieU Drug tore. J. \V. SiiKF.nr. M. W. WM. SltZI'lIEltD, Recorder. BROTHERLY ILOVE 1LODGS, .Vo. -304. A. f. A A. M. Hernial* meetings on Tuesday even- in)' on or before the full of the moon. All hrelhrrii in ^ood *laudin«; are cordially invited lo attend. E. I). STILES, W. M. WM. MOTT , Sec'y. TONSORIAL PARLORS M'Ai! 11rr: votTMrviCK. All wot It done in the highest style o !:'>• art. SatisfnetiiV! p-narnniecd. J. T. l 'AICKEll, Plop. #1,000.00 REWARD Offered for any Machine that will do a* great range, ot Vrotrk and do It as easily and as well as oau he detle on th* DAVIS Vertical Peed Sewing Machine. This offer has been before ths publlo for the tmtt ten rear*. IT UAa NOT BKBN CLAJtMKD, lvroTln« that theDrci* Vfxrllcal read, U the BK8T ON KARTH. PATIS SEWING MACHINE CO. •MWafcaa* Av*a««, OXSM*>, UUtW FOR BAtiB BY A. M. THOMPSON, PofrtviUe* GEO, AUJSN, 0»»t«Uft.

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