Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa on January 3, 1962 · Page 2
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January 3, 1962

Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa · Page 2

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Fayette, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 3, 1962
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Page 2
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Established In 1914 My Neighbors 5=7 NATIONAL EDITORIAL 6i ^fiyfr 't" Subscription Rates In Fayette and Adjoining Counties Outside rayette and Adjoining Counties $3.00 Per Year $3 50 Per Year The Leader is published weekly in Fayette. Iowa, and distributed on Thursday morning. Entered at the Post Office at Fayette, Iowa as second class matter, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Maurice Stoneman. Owner and Publisher "Boy, is she stacked! Editorial Comments - - - What's In Store For You? Want to know "What the Tax Collector has in Store for You?" U. S. News and World Report tells the story, under that title, in its issue of November 20. It is based on interviews with officials of the Internal Revenue Service. And the gist of it. as a subhead says bluntly, is that " a real crackdown is coming on the man who fails to report and pay taxes on all his income." In Secretary of the Treasury Dillon's phrase, we are on the verge of a "new era" of tax collecting. And a major reason for it is that modem rniracle-the electronic computer. These machines can be arranged to practically anything in the realm of mathmatics and a nalysis-and now, it seems, they are going implacably to work on the taxpayer who chisels, practices fraud, or simply "forgets". In U. S. News' words, taxpayer's reports will be instantly "other reports received on taxpayers' income. Offenders will be trapped-automatically." This automation of the taxpayer will come into being on a gradual basis. First in line will be those in the Southeastern states, where machine processing will take affect next year. By 1966 the system will be extended to the entire country- So the big questions, as the magazine puts it, are these: "What kinds of unreported income will be found? How many taxpayers will be caught? What will happen to them? Will thousands go to jail? Would it be wise to check for omissions on past returns and pay up now? The answers to these questions run about like this: First of ail, unreported income consists primarily of dividend and interest payments. Under the law, a firm paying you $10 or more in dividends or $600 a year in interest must report it- The new machines will keep track of these payments, as well as others. According to one survey, more than half of the taxpayers involved had failed to report bank interest on their tax returns. If you get caught for failure to report income, the minimum cost will be the tax owed, plus a five per cent negligence penalty, plus six per cent annual interest. From there on, it depends on your degree of culpability. What is known as "civil fraud" brings a 50 per cent penalty. And you can be heavily fined and sent to the penitentiary- But criminal charges are brought only in flagrant cases. As for the number of delinquent taxpayers the machines will reveal, comparatively few, says U. S. News, will be hit with serious charges. Most will be guilty of small offenses or unintentional oversights. Finally, if your income tax reports have been less than adequate or honest can you clean- the slate by confessing? As the magazine explains, it all depends on the circumstances. If it's a borderline case, and the delinquent taxpayer voluntarily discloses his error prior to an offical investigation, and if he has the proper records, IRS will probably go easy. That is, he'll just have to pay the overdue taxes, plus the standard penalties and interest. In extreme cases, of course, he can, so to speak, be given the works. To sum up, we live in the electronic age. And those buttons and bulbs and computers are going to be giving your tax returns a swift, cold, and critical eye. Chattin' With Stoney Following is an editorial taken from the Humbolt Independent, which we reprint heiv as food for thought. CHILDREN! GO HOME Philip B. Gilliam. Juvenile Court Judge, of Denver. Colorado, has this to say about children and juvenile delinquency: "Always we hear the plaintive cry of the teenager: What can we do? . . . Where can we go? . . . The answer is ... . Go Home !!! "Hang the storm windows, paint the woodwork, rake the leaves, mow the lawn, sho'.cl the walk, wash the car, learn to ewk, scrub some floors, repair the sink, build a boat, get a job. "Help the minister, priest or rabbi, the Red Cross. The S;ilvat ion Army, visit the sick, assist the poor, study your lessons. And, when you are through and not too tired -read a book. "Your parents do not owe you entertainment. Your city or village does not owe you a living. You owe the world something. You owe it your time jjnd energy and your talents so that no one will be at war, in poverty, or sick, or lonely again. "In plain simple words GROW UP; quit being a crybaby. Get out of your dream world and develop a backbone, not a wishbone, and start acting like a man or lady. "You're supposed to be mature enough to accept some of the responsibilities your parents have carried for years. They have nursed, protected, helped, appealed, begged, excused, tolerated and denied Legislation That Forces Inflation Almost everyone is in favor of high wages and rising living standards. This attitude has its basis in humanitarian sentiment, and, also, in the theory that increased wages result in stimulated production and consumption which give the whole economy a healthy shot in the arm. But it is not as simple as that, as John Davenport makes clear in an article in Fortune. At one point, for instance, he deals with the problem of the legal minimum wage. He writes: "The employer who might pay $i per hour for an unskilled sweeper will hire no sweepers if the wage is forced to, say, $1.50. There is thus a crowding of workers at the bottom of the scale, and it is notable that in our day, long-term unemployment has been particularly severe among Negroes and the unskilled. It is popular to say that all this can be cured by more education, and everybody is for that. But education and job retaining are long­ time processes .... "Minimum-wage laws have probably increased this crowding of workers seeking jobs at the bottom of the social ladder. For the effect of minimum-wage laws may likewise be to decrease employment in the industries that are covered." At this point Mr. Davenport cites several specific instances where that has occurred. Fortune, in an editorial note, sums up Mr. Davenport's arugument thus: "... a public bias in favor of rising wage rates distorts the labor market in such a way as to increase unemployment; then government, committed to full employment, tries to stimulate the economy by deficit spending and other policies; these policies have the effect of lowering the value of money. Thus we are caught in a process whose end-inflation- is one that nobody desires." Higher Tax, Lower Revenue It has long been feared that soaring gasoline taxes would result in lower gas consumption and a reduced tax return to government. Now the evidence is piling up and it indicates that this is precisely what is happening. Pennsylvania provides an outstanding example. The state's gasoline tax rate was recently boosted by a whopping 40 per cent. And gasoline sales during the first nine months of this year were down 41.2 million gallons as compared with the same period of 1960. There is no real doubt that an excessive tax Is the cause. The four neighboring states of New York, Mary­ land, Delaware and New Jersey, all showed increased gas consumption, and all have tax rates lower than Pennsylvania's. Conversely, the two adjacent states of Ohio and West Virginia, which have the same tax rate as Pennsylvania's also showed gallonage losses. What it all amounts to is that the individual has some measure of control over any sales economy compact -and great numbers of motorists have been doing just that. It's an example of the principle of diminishing return. Up goes the tax, down goes consumption and revenue and all concerned lose. One can only hope that legislators, state and federal, will heed this obvious lesson and act accordingly. Staunch Ally What has happened to food prices since World War n? If you're a typical consumer, you'll say that they've soared-and, very possibly, you'll think there's a "nigger in the woodpile" somewhere. If so, some points made by Miriam G. Ends, a nutrition specialist connected with Purdue University, should be of interest. Even though food prices have risen, wages have risen at a substantially faster rate. Thus, food is-cheaper now-in relation to incomes-than it was 12 years or so ago. And the increases in retail food prices have been less than for most of the other Do You Recall I 20 - 30 - 40 Years AgO B goods and services we buy. Miss Eads gives special notice to meat prices. In 1950, for instance, cdnsumers spent 5.5 per cent of their income for red meats, and received 145 pounds of meat per person in exchange. Last year, however, consumers spent only 4.6 per cent of disposable income for red meats, and received a lot more-160 pounds. She sums up the situation by saying that red meat prices increased only 10 per cent in the 1950-60 period while consumer incomes rose nearly 15 per cent. The consumer has a stauch ally in the extremely competitive food industry-and In the meat industry in particular, 20 Years Ago — Fire in the garage at the Ray Belles home Saturday brought out the fire fighting equipment about 11:30 jBiin« i School was supposed to start on Monday of this week, after the holiday vacation; but the opening was delayed for one day because of the deep snow i Notice has been received by Superintendent A. S. Mftfcse, relating to air raid'drills for we pupils of Payette as well as" ^tljer schools. Just what .provision way , be, made for awn ,dr|ls is uncertain, at present. :*' " . - ( ' . Deaths: Walter E, OWfather. George W, Sloan. lems will be presented by the Farm Bureau and are a part of the U.S.D.A. Defense Boards campaign to get farmers conscious of machinery repair problems. Dr. and Mrs. E. J. Dahlqulst are expected soon from Slsterville, W. Va., to take up the practice of the late Dr. D. C. Sperry. 30 Years Ago — Bradley; Mrs. William Larrabee. Marriages: Margie L. Duncan to Raymond Wood; Eleanor Belles Parker to Robert L. Fox. G. E. Sauerbry of Jefferson township was re-elected president of the Fayette County Farm Bureau, and J. F. Wilkenson of Scott township, vice president. The Fayette high school football letters were awarded to the following team members: Virgil Potter, Paul Newton, Ed Dullard, Alfred Ash, Richard Baker, Curtis Hartman, Roger Hubbell, Glenn Fobes, Gregg Stevens, Richard Hall, Robert Killerlain, Lawrence Thomas, Jack Paul, Ed Tann and Arthur Candle. Jan. 7 Is the 75th anniversary of 49 Year» Ago — the opening of school at U.LU. Clint McGee was in town Monday and showed a striped gopher or ground squirrel which had been killed by his car on the way to town. The oddity in this incident Is that it was possible to find the S£e52S^^- ? Threi local boys, Harold Earle J ^Y ^miiJm^^^ Charles Earle, Alva Chase, son of AWS ^^^oSS^^^ Mrs. John Chase, and Le•^^•^^^B ^^^'J^^^m.Sbwi^ son of Mr. and Mrs. ^.^yP T Ora^ went to Waterloo l^lhS^S^ they enlisted in the Wo .fMre ««'<*. Coast Artillery. Wt^f^?^ E. vnngi cart The home of W, M. Farnum and family was the scene of more or less commotion Sunday morning, when the boiler on the kitchen range exploded. With the completion by the county of the new grade on the Arlington-Wadena road, the citizens of that flourishing little city and farmers in that vicinity have been busy devising ways and means to further improve this road with gravel. J. F. Lundt of GladbroQk, former representative from Tama County, declared It to be big belief that Iowa land will in SO or Creek Bottom Comments — By Reuben The complex aspects of the U. N. is indeed a mighty big subject for a little old hog farmer. But it is our American privilege to "sound off" on this timely theme, and we have full confidence we could- themselves needed comforts no that you could have every benefit. You have no right to expect them to lx)w to every whim and fancy just l)eeause your selfish ego instead of common sense dominates your life, personality, thinking, request, demands. In Heaven's name GROW UP AND GO HOME ! ." THE HUMBOLT INDEPENDENT Be Our Guest An editor died after a lingering illness. His sayings barely covered hospital and doctor bills, leaving nothing for funeral expenses. A friend, after soliciting funds all day, lacked only $1 of having enough. Wearily, he said to a stranger, "Could you give me a dollar to bury an editor?" The stranger pulled out a $5 bill, and said, "Here — bury five of them." n't offer any more ridiculous comments than some that have already been made by people in this county, just because they were there, to visit for a day. We firmly think dour looking but sharp witted H. It. Gross covered tlv subject briefly but correctly when lie said, "the United Nations is both busted, and a bust". One of the fore most reasons why nobody should have ever expected the U. N. to really work, is the "veto power". Meditate for a moment if you will, what the result would be, if in our U. S. Senate a Senator from Texas or California ion of the extension council is to had "veto power" over a Senator from Rhode Island or Deleware, geographically; or if a Senator from New York or Pennsylvania had veto power over a Senator from Nevada or Wyoming, by population rating. Now then, would YOU want Lebanon or Jordon to have full equal U. N. power with United States or the United Kingdom? No, of course you would NOT. So by what stretch of logic do you avow to believe in "the democratic principles" of "the "Tj. N. organization as ,ft now ; s(ands? There are no such democratic principles" in reality, and it might be disastrous to the Anglo-American bloc if thee were. The most utterly ridiculous thing the U. N. has brought about is the creation of geographically tiny and financially poverty-stricken "new nations", to add to the number of U. N. members, which in reality only adds to the world problems and confusion, and the Good Lord knows there are plenty of problems and confusion already. Further more most every one of these ridiculous creations has a king, sultan, or potentate luxuriating in concubines' and air-conditioned Cadillacs, although his tiny nation is too utterly poor to buy fuel for the palace heating plant, without help thru U. S. "Foreign Aid", which means something out of your pocket, and ours, if you or we pay federal income tax, and who doesn't??? It's about time for SOMEBODY to start having a few brains about these matters while the national debt is still under 300 billion dollars, if it still is, by the day these "creek bottom comments are published. 60 years sell at $1,000 an acre. Deaths: Dorothy Loban; Mrs. Oscar M. Beach; Mrs. Sarah J. Rogers. Marriages: Clair Baker to Esther Ritchie; Marian George and Dale Elwood; Irene Van Ness and Dr. Walter Kilson Manther brothers, of Maynard, have moved into their fine living rooms over their new garage A large and appreciative audience greeted the U. I. U. Troubadours when they appeared at the Hawkeye opera house. The farmers elevator at Hawkeye, has installed a 20-horse power electric motor to operate a corn crusher, which has a capacity of 50 to 60 bushel per hour. New kindergarten teacher Maynard — Carolyn Nuttal of Michigan has been hired as kindergarten teacher in the West Central Community schools . for the second semester beginning Jan. 29, according to Superintendent W. P. Truesdell. She succeeds Mrs. Lee Steffen, Oelwein who resigned prior to moving out of this area. Miss Nuttal will be graduated from Luther college, Decorah, Jan. 29 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in elementary education. During the interim between the opening of West Central on Tuesday, Jan. 2, following the holiday vacation and Jan. 29 Mrs. Tex Heyer, West Union, a former teacher at West Central, will be in charge of the kindergarten. At the beginning of the second semester the kindergarten classes will be reversed. The present morning class will convene in the afternoon and the afternoon class will become the morning group. ( 11 per cent to run the embassy in Belgrade. We give or lend the rest (89 per cent ) back to Tito. Tito gets not only the merchandise but the use of the money he pays for It. The President will ask for authority to purchase $100 million ( about half ) of the new United Nations bond issue. This money is to pay in part for the U. N. Congo effort. We now bear about one- half the cost of the United Nations and have borne most of the Congo expenses so far, including Russia's share. JAMES E. BROMWELL SECOND IOWA DISTRICT Washington was beautifully lighted through the Holidays but beneath the festive decoration was an urgent sense of business as usual. There are now 336 lobbyists registered with the Congress; last year there were 225; in 1947 there were 731. Car Two Manchester youths, Merwyn Schug and Bill Stanley, recently escaped death when they abandoned their car just before an Illinois Central train smashed it into a heap of twisted : steel. They told authorties that the car had slid off the road, and they were unable to move it from the path of the train. Disappointment here in Washington, official and unofficial, with India's seizure of Goa, and the consequent action-or lack of it- in the United Nations has been serious, deep, and probably lasting. Washington is interested in knowing the details of the President's proposal to raise the pay of Federal employees, due to be made shortly after Jan. 15. It could be across the board, or it could be just Cabinet and sub-Cabinet officers. Here is the Yugoslav ( Tito ) wheat deal as announced on Dec. 27. Wee sell Tito wheat, oils, and freight for both at a value of $45 million. Tito pays in dinars-his money-which we leave in Yugoslavia. We use about $4,950,00 Bernice E. Headings, Librarian at the University of Dubuque was the last visitor to the office from home in 1961. George Forby and James McParland, Jr., also of Dubuque, were the first visitors last Jan. 2. All of us down here representing and working for the Second District wish all of you the finest kind of 1962. GAS REPLACES HOT WATER AS YOU USE IT! AVTOMATMC GAS WATER HEATER Today's modern appliances use hot water—lots of it. Today's modern gas water heater gives you hot .water — lots of it. In fact, you'll get as much as 1260 gallons of piping hot water eveVy day from your gas water heater... automatically. You see, gas heats water three times faster than other fuels ... heats water just as fast as you use it for laundry, dishes, baths, cleaning. And your gas water heater saves money three ways — costs less to buy... costs less to maintain .,. costs lesstopperate." JLiVE MODERN... FOR LESS...WITH GAS Gas helps you live modern for less when you use it to heajt and air condition... cook and refrigerate... heat water and .- dry clothes... incinerate trash and light your yard, WLAME BEATS WATER BEST |( you ||ve tne gaj ma j n8 ^ ^ friendly LP dealer. it's f«stor and thriftier. ,, ', . t '„v. .-".iif-fP-- : • ,W9t .).-S«|. *#S»I .«4<^ • Office ftyrtt. U«d« * ^ ftgRftWfflrW LIV€ MODERN. MPQI •if* -" t r • T £ - i" *>j "\ ^M ,i mm

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