Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 31, 1898 · Page 6
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December 31, 1898

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

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Alton, Illinois
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Saturday, December 31, 1898
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THE CANAL NICARAGUA DITCH WOULD SAVE TIME AND MONEY. Aft ik ttnsHttaii Venture Alone the Propelled Artery, It I« Clnlmeil, tVoohl Be « Bla fiannnsr.n In the War ttf Volls and Lock ^t l'h»t th* pfoposcd NicaraRttan canal i* Vital to.this interests of thb United States ' ^88 oiuph«tt>,Hlly demonstrated during . tte recent, war with Spain when our battleship Oregon wns compelled to innkc her '„ long voyage down around the Horn to teach the scene of nnvnl operations. The 1 Apprehension of the American people dur- i tap the long detour wns painfully it ml justly excited, while the Government was deprived of several weeks' service of Its ', finest man-of-wnr during tho time It required to sail down tuft west const ot South America and up on thc eastern side. Then, again, the cotnmorelnl benefits to bo flcrlved by the completion of the proposed •llort'Ciit waterway are inestimable. A most comprehensive nrtlcfo on thc subject *f tho Nicaragnnn cnnal has been written by Henry I. Sheldon, n Chicngosn. This Is said by experts to lip the most complete .tttldy of the canal question yet undertaken. Mr, Sheldon Visited Nicaragua three years ago and traversed the entire route «f the projected waterway, examined the work done, and secured reliable data as i to cost and methods ot construction. Mr. Sheldon went not as thc agent of any company or of the Government, but merely as an individual having no Interest, pe- Cunlary or friendly, with the present com, pAny constructing tho cnnal, and was Careful to incur no obligations which •Would prevent bis taking nu unbiased >*lew. "It may bo well to say at the outset. £' Writes Mr. Sheldon, "that I reached thc conclusion that the canal in Nicaragua Is practicable, and can be constructed nt n cost on which fair retnrns can be earned, • J.*?' 80 Be<? m5i clenr that, for many reasons, K is not « suitable work for private cap- 'ttal to undertake, and that It will be better tnnt our Government should assist thc undertaking. There arc strong equities 00 the side of national aid, inasmuch ns the chief benefits will never be the tolls •• collected from passing vessels. Thc cannl tl JM«y so develop onr trade with Eastern xsla- that a single year of that trade will Hcced in volume the total cost of Its , Construction. Its opening will double In -Jrftlue almost every acre of agricultural Jand In California, Oregon and Woshlng- •S?i and thc P°P uIflt ' on °f those States i will be more than doubled. For many f.y**r» I havo occasionally visited the Pa;* erne coast, for either business or pleasure, *>*nd always the most striking aspect of '• **- condition has been the absence of sat- 'y markets for its products. Not n of its large wheat crop conies to Atlantic coast by rail, as wheat ean- r the cost of so long crfrrlogo, can its lumber or ores como by In many places, after the farmer or „ , . ' rn " grower has paid the charges of AjWHOsportation companies, there Is little «** »"f hill « lc « lor him. The population itiimos jtmall because the markets are Inadequate. Twenty-five rears' trial Mtcmonstratcd that if railroads arc to gpe.tbe sole means of communication the J development of thc Pacific States will be ", T0ry slow. The only promise of relief is ^Jn securing for these States some shorter ^transportation to the Atlantic States and '--'— to Europe, by water. Now. every- carricd by water must pas* around Horn. The only shorter route, «p- tly practicable, Is by way of a ship rt«ma! across thc Isthmus, throng!) Nicara- »ittia. This will save 10,000 miles of the cc around Capo Horn, and trill en- an ordinary steamer to go from San Cisco to New York In fourteen days, oxact distance, by such canal, will 'CAPS HORH { WAI' SHOWING PHESKXT HOUTK AKOUN'I) T1IK HORN AM) THE SHOUT- CUT MADE UY THE PKOPOSKD CANAL. ,i te) 4,760 miles. The ordinary railroad ever, for In that year wo bought of her goods amounting to $148,000,000. Of China's purchases from other nations of $243,000,000 In 1804, we supplied only $10,000,000. We w«rc good buyers, however, taking $25,000,000 of her products. Our diplomatic agents report that with more alertness and enterprise we could have furnished to Japan, and at a reasonable profit, 00 per cent of all her foreign purchases In 1S04. One reason why the people of our gulf States arc so unanimous for a canal In Nicaragua, Is that It will open an additional market for their cotton. The United States Is thn chief producer of the world's cotton, and prices for this product have been deplorably low of late j'cars, entailing great privations in many Southern homes. It Is the old story. We have been producing more cotton than we could Qnd markets for. Thc new buyer of cotton Is Japan. That country is going strongly Into the manufacture of 'cotton goods, such as are used by the people of the warm countries, and now not only exports these goods to China, but undersells the English manufacturers in their own dependency of India." Favora Government Ownership. Mr. Sheldon takes strong ground in favor of absolute ownership and control of the Nicaragua canal by the United States Government, "Congress could prescribe the tolls to bo paid by ships using the canal, making the charges sufficient to meet the expenses of operation and a suitable interest on the capital Invested in tbe undertaking and also, if considered advisable, for an anoaai payment into a fink- j WOLF CHILDREN, AUTHENTIC CASES OF HUMAN BEINOS CARED FOR BY THESE ANIMALS. The First Circumstantial sal Autnrltatlve Accouat of « Woll Acllajag Foster Parent tonllumnn Child-They Hnvc All Been Males. II Isi well liinvwn that the Hindoos as :i race have a strung aversion to taklnu- life of nn.v kind. Stninire ns It limy si'iMii. the wolf Is regarded In sonic purls of India with :i iieeull.ir Ml|iel'«tltluu<i reverence, which mflke.i llu> Nheddltijr of his blood something Inlqult'Mi?. As ii consequence th' 1 Wolves ,in< I«>M and numerous. C-XIH"- <.•!»!!>• ||\ districts where there Is little or tin Eunu'cati Influence. Children, alx), are numerous, and the wolves, bavins; no scruples nltout thc naercilness of life, hare on countless ciislons not. only raided tho village, ulieejifolds, but have carried oft children. The vast majority of the latter have been devoured, lint here ami there a poor victim, by the njrijucy of some occult malign intliieiice, has heen reserved for a I'ato worse than death. In 1S."m what was probably the tlrsl cireiunstnittlnl and authoritative account of the "wolf children" of India was published by Col. Sk'eman, n Jtritlsh otllcer especially distinguished for the lending par! he took in putting ilown the thugs and Pacoits. Accord- Ing to this authority, Mie llrst nutheu- tic case of a wolf noting as foster parent to u human child was discovered accidentally hy a rroo|M»r who was rld- «K along the banks of the Hlvor Joomtree, In northern India. As the •avlnes hi that region were nil Infest•d wolves, the soldlur was not leaving a net Income of $0,000,000. An undertaking of this character Is to be gone into only as a long-term investment, and the earnings for the first few years after It Is completed nrc not to be considered ns sufficient for a final judgment. The'j The trooper tried, though unsuc- •iurprlsed at seeing n sho wolf, nceom- >anled by three cubs, come out a cov- t and go down to thn river tt» drink. rVhat surprised him very much, how>vor, was the presence of another cren- uro which had the appearance of a Ittle boy, but was evidently on the rlendllost terms with its brute com- wnlons and was treated apparently " st ' iIIUc ono of tho f <""»y-" The fe.ituro went on all fours and drank ft ' om t\u>. stream like thc others. oapttirn Siinlchar socnied to be nlinnl right yonrK'nlil. He wns entirely nude but for the short, thick hair wlilch covered his lw>dy. His behavior was nltotcihor that of a brute, and It win long before he could be Induced to wear any clothing whatever or in other ways conduct himself Ilko a human belns. He ale his food from (lie Kt'omid. putting liis hin\ds on It tis i\ dog docs his forepaws. ft'inwlnx the llesli from the bones mid crunching the Nines themselves with ease aud evident enjoyment. Two facts noticeable about the "wolf children" hitherto discovered seem easily MKingh explained. One Is that they have all lieon males. It may. of course, "just have happened so." that only male children have eve-r had the distinction of a wolf foster mother. Hut were It otherwise, then the iniire rugged constitution of the male child, enabling it the lietter to withstand the terrible experiences Incidei;! to such a life, would be n reasonable ex pin nation of why males only have survived the ordeal. When one thinks how weak and helpless a thing the human child Is, even the strongest toddlers of three years old. It seems miraculous that even one such child could exist for a single day or even Tor a few hours. In the unnatural environments of n wolf's don. The other fact Is that all such creatures when found have been children. The oldest of them at the time of capture could hardly be more than eight or ten years old. This, no doubt, Is accounted for by the various "moving accidents of flood and field," to which all such foster children would be more and more continuously exposed as they grew older and were more entirely thrown on their own resources. They would neither have the instincts nor the strength and endurance to contend successfully In the struggle for existence with their brute comrades and competitors. OF PSEUDO-SCIENCE. | is nothing now In this, tho tnle !»«« been _7__ j told before. What Is remarkable Is PATHEJIC, VET LUDICROUS. A Deal and Dumb Father's Punishment of a Bad Boy. "I witnessed some-tiling the other ing fund, to meet, at maturity, any COT- greatest earnings will coma later on. "The canal route, as nt present projected, is to be 174 miles long from Brito on. the Taclfio to Grcytown on the Atlantic? The first half mile from Brito is at sea.' level. Then In two miles the canal rises 110 feet, through three locks to the summit level, 151 miles long, then In 4% miles It descends, through three locks, to sea level again, and then continues at sea level 9!4 miles to Grcytown. Tho estimated time required for an ordinary steamer to cross from one ocean to the other is twenty-eight hours. Electric lighting is to make passage by night quite feasible. The allowance for passing through locks Is forty-five minutes for each lock. Only twenty-six miles of tho 108 miles of canal Is to be through excavations. Some twenty-one tulles is through basins, and 121 miles through tbe lake and the river. Provision should be made from the first for increasing the accommodation when It shall become necessary. Widening can be carried on at the same time that vessels are passing. So can deepening. To increase the size of tha locks, however, will cause all traffic to bo suspended. The locks In the present plans appear to be too small for permanent use. They arc each to be 050 feet long, 70 feet wide, and 28 feet deep." In December, 1881, Senator Miller of California introduced a bill in Congress ATLANT/C OCEAN MAP SHOWING KOUTE OF THE I'UOPOSED NIOAHAOUAN CANAL. Irelglit service coimuuies from seventeen *o Jwcnty-oni; dnys. The canal line will fco only about 00 por cunt longer than the fall line. Needed In the Time of War. 'i "Our country is so widely extended, 8,000 miles from east to west, that cheap *Hd speedy water transportation like this Id almost absolutely needed to bind ami noli It more clpsely together. At present, In time of war, such parts of our growing t>a,ry SH might be un either the Atlantic tt tilt 1 Pacific side would be for a eonsid- trable time of no use on the other ocean. 1'lie . when built, will promote the jlevclopnient of butter markets for our Manufactures In foreign countries bordoi- ng on tho Pacific. These are lew exposed [ban those, ou the Atlantic to European Competition. This nation cannot bu cou- flderi'ii a first-class power when our puo jtle ore only buyers from the rest of tin »(irld. Exporting agricultural product Ipcs not make a great iintlon. Thc Freud ind the Germans do not engage in and ixpqrtHtUm, finding other activities to b floro profitable. A glance at the princlpj [pod-exporting countries shows the truth are such countries as Southern Hus India nuil, latterly, the Argentin , and they are poor, n»d they stn, it-, We need ta'keou our wheat, few (UT. operative* with it, and sond nbroui JW products they'ttiuonfiicture. Th. blM'K 0 cannot come suddenly, lint we Jjould plan' and work for It. Some neg Wted market* are near us. The Kl< kande i* ijuite a small stream. Uue cat; 140 a hor»o across it trout 'LVxiia Into feaflco and. entering the first hotel, one &ds an English cloth on the table In tin. own. The cups and plates art " b» cutlery from Uocinapy and ilfl, Th. Imported \vear a »ult of German probably will nut hu an from tb? United States I {tbe house excetJt a sewing muchlne. Tho l» the ijM»uAai' flfc'UP.-•. *" fr.f we have carelessly, ' inade po effort to trade,our nut iu with the coun- . lire VV »hal/ uiei't least coiipetl- T 6rder }o h>r profitable, tWOo re- tb ujqre «j#n« tbe Hoe* of leant Our ou In that w« are tho u»tur<il producer* ir«oM»trt*» bordering on t&e Tu« relative <n*i«Qce of" turert, u» compared with • our a*;«nfl Jttuup is n«w to our.people! eminent bonds which might have beei binned. "As commerce increased, the tolls couh: be lo'wercd, and any other reduction In fnvor of American ships, found desirable as an aid In building up our carrying trade, could be made by the sumo authority. If any European complications as to the use of tho cuua! arose, onr Government would not be hampered by tho existence of a canal company, nor by being obliged to obtain the current action of Nicaragua and Costa Hica, but would be In a position to decide for itself what course to take. The possible claims of England to joint control of thc canal under the Claytou-IJulwor treaty should bo ignored. Those claims could never bo allowed, and we probably would hoar little of them after we hod constructed the canal with our own money and were In full possession. The Suca canal has been neutralized by an agreement between tho great powers, but that waterway In closely connected with the Eastern question, the balance of power, and other lurgu subjects Involving the nations of Europe. There in no as to neutralization between the situation at Suez and that at I BtliuntcH of 1'robable Itcveuuc, Mr. Sheldon's estimates of thu probublo reveuno to be derived front the canal are iMiciiuruuliiB. "As thc conditions uru BO similar. It is necessary. In taking u broad view of probable earnings, to consider tha l>unliifs.-i transacted by thu Suez canal. The results thero uliown are more helpful than mere estimates; they are ascertained facts. That company duals with tho world's coumiera>, just as will be done in Nicaragua. In 1(11)5 its business amoiuit- ed to 8,4'10,000 tons. It had then been In operation twenty-live years. Tho first year, 1870. Its business was only 48(1,000 tons; In 1871. 700,000 tons; In 1872, 1.100,000 tons, and there Uo* been a fairly steady Increase ever sltice, up to tho amount In 1BIMS. During all this time the volume of tho world's commerce has itoad- lly Increased. Not only has trade more aud uioru adjusted Itself to the Sue* route, but also the abrogate amount of trade ban become much larger. Hoaie lUlowmicx) «hpul(.l tie ma«te for the at!ruutU|fi-«" jn>g- »e»8»d by the Hues canal an a now well- ablUhed rpute. Taking Its business n* year* «go rosy be « fair offset for Item. The amount for 1888 exceeded B.OOO ton». The earlier Sue* tolls were ,TT pur ton, which have been graauol- *pduced tho past twenty years, aud trains U not prepared now to stand heavy dlrct;tl011 - iuod««at« ,,,, - ;»ri|f will be In every way desirable, A 'Tor«b|», but approximate, entluiato of " *"* woula ! With tolls »t *UJo *" a « J>u»l»»» of at least «tt*r flw cnual l« fairly In * grow Ineomo of JU.ooo.QOO d, AiilwiHigtwtlan, walu- «t)on fqr 1805 cast tti» 0,QOO, TaklugJntQ nut) oiabnutuiimt to Incorporate "The Marine Canal Company of Nicaragua," with tho purpose of constructing the canal. Gen. U. 8. Grant, Howard Potter, E. D. Morgan, H. J. Jew- ctt and other prominent capitalists were concerned in thc proposed enterprise. The bill met with bitter opposition In Congress, and was utterly defeated by tbe failure, of tho Marine Bank of New York, in which tho Grants wore mined financially. The Nicaragua Canal Company was incorporated In 1887, with former Senator Warner Miller as president, and for a time made good progress. Its success induced opposition, and In 1880 the Maritime Canal Company of Nicaragua, which received tho sanction of President Cleveland, was Incorporated, Hiram Hitchcock was tho first president, but ho was subsequently succeeded by Thomas B. Atkins. The work of digging tho canal was begun aud continued until financial misfortune overtook the enterprise, the construction company falling in the terrible panic of 1803. Tho contract for tho construction was then awarded to Warner Miller Nicaragua Company," which still mills Its concession. Many attempts have since been made to secure the aid of the Government; but tho bills have failed to IUHH both houses. Congress, however, au- thorised thu appointment of a technical commission of civil engineers to re-examine the canal lino, and.lt la>thu report of ibis commission which will be presented o Congress In December. Tho principal authorities on transporta- :luu statistics have made estimates that :lie Nicaragua route should divert from 2,000,000 to 3,000,000 tons of low-rate freight, such as flqur, dry goods, machinery, coul, etc., from the overland traffic. Suppose 2,500,000 tons were diverted to iteiuushlp Rues from the Atlantic and gulf ports, going by the canal route. With the isual ocean tonnage from New York to he Pacific, and other vessels which would jo through the canal, a cpusarratlre calculation places tho annual freight at 7,000,000 tons. At tho lowest Sues canul' rate this would give an annual revenue on 912.810,000. The route In favor runs from Greytown on tbe Atlantic coast, vli the! Sun ,In«tv river and I.ftks Nleafngus to Brito, ou the 1'ttc.ltlc, Tu» total dlsUnc* U 174 miles, divided as.'follfWIf: • ; < ' - Miles. Brito to lake....,,,. „,,,,,.,,.,., 47.97 Lake I*Jaa to Sap Juan r|?ee..,. Slack water ID the Pan Juau. J .... Sun Francisco Basin Qchpa to Bo»t-' »rn divide ..,...,,,....;.,.,.'. .12.01 Cut through tho Eastern divide...'.,' 8.00 lluudo— t'uuny what curious ,'eyej suwe people ba,vt^ I *tu>w#4 my u8w photograph, to tUe N*>»l}l\WK |o-4»y. ,»e «qld It wag awfully pre»y, and |b,« gala, It didn't lookift ult like we. BOJth,-8o, ' cessfully, to Intercept the phenomenon before It escaped with the wolves Into their den. He secured the help of some natives and dug through several feet until tho laJr wns almost reached, The wolf family then made a bolt into the open, and It wns only after a stiff chase and something of a tight that the "wolf boy" was captured. He seemed to bo Iwtweeu six and eight years of age. "They took the boy fo the village." said Col. Sleeman, "but had to tie him. for lie wns very restive, and struggled hard to rush into every hole or den •they came near.' They tried'to make him-speak, but eoulcl ge-t nothing from him but an angry growl or snarl. He WHS kept for several days at the village, and a largo crowd assembled every day to see him. When a grown person enme near him he became alarmed and tried to steal nwny; but when a child came near he rushed at H with a tierce snarl, like that of a, dog, and tried to bite it. 1 ' For about three years this being lived In charge of a British officer's servants. During all that time, In every Instinct and habit, he remained n wild animal. He was inoffensive except when teased, and could never bo Induced to keep on any kind of clothing, oven In the coldest weather. Very rarely he wns known to wallc Ii; a se/ml-uprlght position; but he ''always van to his foou on all fours. Raw meat he devoured greedily, nud would afteH take ns much as half a lamb at OIK? meal. He was vlery fond of uncooked boues, which he used to crunch and gnaw like a dog, holding .thorn on the ground under his hands, Just ns a dog uses his forepaws. He j would growl angrily If a human being came near while he wns eating, but seemed to have no objections to tt dog or a Jackal; In fact, he would sometimes share his meal with such. Ho was never known to laugh or even smile, ajjrt once only wus he kno\yri to speak. This was just before his death. He put his bauds to his head, complained that It Vchcd, and asked for a drink of water. He drank the vvator, and expired almost Immediately afterward. Another "wolf boy" had been carried off from n field where he had day that made me feel bad, aud at the same time there was a laughable phase to the affair," remarked a Denver resident. "Out a few doors from where I live, a deaf aud dumb couple have been living for several years, and seem to get along with their neighbors better than any of us. The husband has good employment and the wife Is a frugal and prudent woman; so, taking everything Into consideration, they have gotten quite- n nice little home for themselves and some money ahead. Rut they have one thing that Is not a credit to them, and that thing Is In the shape of a grout big, overgrown boy, .that Is one of the meanest evidences of humanity ou earth. Some day, If ho Is not checked, the hangman will get him, but that has nothing to do with the story. "I was passing by the house yesterday morning, and I noticed that the A CRAZE The Present Hemnrkulile Hevlvnl of Meillicvnl ,«npcrBlltioti. In tho Century, Daniel O. Itrlntnn has nn article- on "Popular Superstitions of Europe." Dr. Hrlnton closes Vis article by saying: From some strange reason, there has been a wonderful revival within the hist decade of nearly tncry medieval superstition, under various guises, in the most enlightened centers of the world. Tha practitioners of this modern sorceiy, Instead of concealing, advertise their claims, and urge them on the community under pseudo-sclentlllc names and jargons. Palmistry, astrology, sympathetic mnglc, the doctrine of signatures, hlero-thernpeutles. and nil the farm go »f Mfteenth century than- uiatology, nourish to-day In Boston and New York, In Paris and Chicago, to n degree surpassing anything known three centuries ago. There Is a reason for this. Sorcery Is science swn upside down. Tflero is a confused groundwork of truth, a fallacious method of viewing fuels, nt the basis of these pseudo-sciences. Vet thu truth and the facts exist, and these explain the success of the deceptions. They dazzle nud daze minds not trained In sound reasoning; and how few are! The societies for "psychical research" aud theosophlc speculation begin with an acknowledgment of tho possible truth of ghost-seeing and of communion with tho divine. This possible ground Is seized by the charlatan ns proved basis for his Illusory edlllce. Superstitions are at core the same everywhere and at all times, because they are based on those desires and that Ignorance which are nud will ever bo a part of man's nature. He Is dimly aware of mighty, unmeasured forces In ceaseless activity around him, controlling his own destiny; tho ominous and omnipresent portent of death meets him at every turn; dissatisfaction with his present condition,- intense longing for n life and Joy which It can never offer, goad him to seek a knowledge which weights nud measures are Impotent to accord him. Yet such restricted knowledge is all that science can supply. Therefore he turns In despair to thc mystics and the adepts, thc Cagllostros and the Humes, who stand ready to beckon him Into their Illusory temples of folly. tho arrangement of the mutual dlulug- table In tho Tnlsloi table d'hote. The bowl of tho community—a bowl of soup-Is shared among Blx persons, each dipping Into the same dish, but having the right of personal property In the mutter of a wooden spoon and ?:ilt. P.ri-ad also Is private to tho Individual. Thus the sU consumers get a fair start and then they are nil off together. Hut ono would have thought this n fnlnl nrrnuRfiHt-nt. ABO, teeth and digestion are sadly unequal. What Is there to prevent the venerable grand- mot her from being left hopelessly bo- hlud by Ivan the Terrible, her youth- fill sratidaoii. course ns n polnt-to-pnlnt race, and so shows forth the eternal Inequality of things? It Is milled that thero Is a he-nut If til simplicity mid decency In these rcpnsts, and thnt there tiro three napkins to each symposium. Thus wo hnve six consumers to one bowl and three napkins to six consumers. Hut some will do well to avoid the table d'hote n la Tolstoi. A BICYCLE WHEELBARROW. The Oncrotor Relieved of thc \Vcl«lit Kut I rely. The principle of the bicycle applied to tho wheelbarrow Is n novel design brought out by n Canadian manufacturer, but It can be easily made at home. Tho two wheels are arranged ns shown, the extra one being supported In such a manner that It can bo brought Into uso whenever desired. This Is effected by a notched arrauge- TWO-WHEELED liAKROW. CYCLOMETER FOR CANOE. Distances Covered by Canoeiata Can Be Accurately Measured. A canoe trip through the everglades of Florida, described by former Lieutenant Hugh L. Wllloughby, of the Rhode Island Naval Reserves, In a book Just published, Is of particular in- old was angry at the been placed wlillo ills father nnil rnotli- er were at work. He wna then about three years old. NoWiIng wag hoard of him for six years. His mother was by tlint time a widow. She happened to hear o( a "wild boy" who had been captured at a plnco several nflles nwny while entering a den In company with wolvos. CurloHlty drew her from her native village to visit the place where 'tho Iwy was kept. .She recognized him by some indubitable birthmarks as her lost son ami took him honu> with her. She found hlH unite Irreclaimable, however, aud after a few months' trial abandoned him to tho public charity of tho village. Hu was fed on raw flesh, liases, birds, &c. A favorite amusumont of the village boys was to throw live frogs at him ami watch how greedily Jje would devour thoui. Whenever n bullock died and wn.s skinned hu would gorge himself on the carcass In company, with, tha ( i og8 , DurUig the day he liutik alwut the rlllnge for the sake of what lie dotilil get to eat; but every eyenlug ho .nrunt.off to the Jini- gle nud &tayed there ul^ night. In tho yenr 1850, w|jlle he WIIH beluu sent to Col. Sleeiimu, ho Into the Jim- It scorns that bysbflnid uud -'wu« C au allto, aaeWUt?r,»«*ton lo and wns uevor afterward licniil of. The "wolf Ix>y of Asm" differed In no material respect from either of Uio two already described. Tho strongest point of contrast, ht't wo-pi) tlioni was tho Ipugth ot tlnip lit? continued In captivity. He died wweral yeaya ago, o: eopsumjitlon It Is wld, and ihad been In conHnement for about tweuty years before that. The name Blvoy him was Saiiichur, and bis home wag the He- ,c.gp.d,ra Orpliuuago, lu ,tl»e famous old city of Agra'. He wan discovered In 18U7 In the Junglo near Buluiidohahr, hi uorthwimt Punjaub. Some native* who, wwp hunUng bljt jffttne "surprised a >troy Wo|f w|i(c<i th(»y jf'alJowea to ' boy. Now, tho latter can talk and hear as well as anybody, and rather seems to enjoy getting a crowd of boys together and then cursing the old man, Ju»t so the other boys will laugh. This time, However, the old man was mad. and did not propose to allow his wayward boy to have his own way. Just ns I wns passing he motioned me. to stop, and then, pulling his hand from behind him, brought to light what shone out In grand style as a newly purchased rawhide. Then I knew there was going to bo some fun, and I walked inside the yard. Well, sir, he graCbed that boy, nearly as largo as he was, Jerked him Into a half upright position and then began laying on the leather. The boy began to swear am! use language that would shock aiij neighborhood, but of course the father did riot hear n word of it. "The father quit a second, and then coming over to where I was standing, took out his pencil and paper and ask- efl me In a line or two to toll him what the son said. I wrote out the brutal swear, words Just as I heard them. He read the' words ns I wrote thorn down, nud then, fulrly shaking with rage, returned to the boy nud began anew the work-. It was fully ten minutes before that boy was conquered, birt when he did give In ho was the most penitent fellow you over saw. Before the old man had finished, half of the -neighbor-hood was present, aud congratulated him on taking tho iHiy In-hand. I-Icrfi Is what he wrote on a slip of paper when they suggested thanks to him: •''I know ho Is n bad boy. but thf; Lord has made me without hearing, so I cannot know those things like you can. 1 got a letter from a neighbor woman this morning saying that ho wild bad words about his mother. That Is what I yiinlshed him for. Please tell me when you hear him say bad words and help me to make a man of 'him."—Denver Times. ment on the frame supporting the rea* wheel aud engaging with a corresponding part on the inside of the shafts With the weight disposed on two wheels the movement of the barrow Is merely a pushing one, almost tho entire weight being removed from tho arms. When an obstacle, such as a curbstone or uneven surface, Is encountered it Is very easily surmounted by depressing the handles, when the rear wheel Is made to act as n fulcrum, aud tbe \volght rendlly lifted over. CYCI.OMBTKK JOB TITE CANOK. terest to wheelmen, because all the distances lie covered were measured by a cyclometer. All ordinary means of marine measurement are useless In the everglades, and as It was necessary to keep a record of the distance Involved Lieutenant Wllloughby devised the scheme whereby he used a cyclometer for the purpose successfully. He atttached the front fork of an old bicycle to the stern of his canoe. In the Jaws of this was swung a 28-inch bicycle wheel, the tire being equipped with a series of small paddles, so fastened that they regulated the speed of the wheel to that of the boat. Tho cyclometer was attached In the usual manner. Repeated experiments with the device demonstrated to Lieutenant Wlll- oughby that tho slip of the wheel was constant, and that Its trailing behind the boat recorded reliable measurements on the cyclometer even when go- Ing at a slow galL He says that the wheel and cyclometer gave excellent results ns a log of the trip. Canoeists and oarsmen might take a hint from this for their next tours on the water. An old bicycle wheel Is easy to get, and It must add to the pleasure of the trip to keep an accurate record of the distance covered. HOW TO FEED THE SNAKE. „, ..„,„ Ullloek. ' Qw* .erf tU.hj row a rock, and oo till/ nock, ^ ty ipnpjnjj )tao|f, jat a'dark, o " .... ..1'nJ ,....."A««M^«>t pwt __. bo«i tUe Wolf Mnd ifof huwan.lib com* paulou .rushed, ,out, After ft short, ^UWj» WWfgio 1» wj^n «»v««ra}'TO0» worft hmtw'thi tetter wu* cftutujfekl. tetter wu* 8, 180T, The Passing ol the Trapper. With tho passing of the old-fashioned trapper we lose ono of the most plctuivaque figures that ever trod the stage of worldly action or graced tho page of flctlon. Even the armored knight, with nil his atmosphere of romance, his dashing courage, his bravery of gay trappings and tossing plumes, will not ontllvo the wonderful weiitlier-betiteu figure of the Iron man In deerskin, who so often lui.s held tile center of tho singe during tho moat thrilling dramas of oar earlier history. Who docs not lov« and cherish the memories of the Leatherstocklngs— the taciturn, sinewy men, almost child- Uh in their simplicity, almost womanish iu thulr faithful devotion, almost God-like In their fearless power, pa- tpnce, charitableness and Inexhaustible resource? And we of America should never forget these men, for to their daring courago and steadfast purpose we owe much of our present prosperity, ' - ' >' In' thu circle of tho council, In tbe tumult of tile skirmish. In 'the glare of burn|n»>'bub|Qg, on the trail of tb» despollor, at ttvo bead Pi the army, tiro mlsU pf (he Snake-Charmer Whose Blood J« Poiaoii- Proof. England has a remarkable snake- charmer .In Dr. Arthur Stradllng, whoso blood Is poison-proof, and 'who permits the snakes to bite him at will. He has visited every snake country on tho globe. He had two ribs broken once while- manipulating a West African pythoness sixteen feet long. This is thc manner in which be feeds his boa constrictors, described by himself: "With shirt sleeves rolled up and stockinged feet I grasp tho creature just behind the head and separate Its jaws by gentle pressure with a silver spatula. It's more knack than force, for all snakes are exceedingly sensitive about tbe mouth; a light tap on the muzzle will turn the fiercest of them. Then the assistant (his little son) pops the lump of meat, dead rat, bird or whatever the morsel may be right In AVlie Forethought, One winter, at St. Louis, two elephants were stabled in an outhouse near my rooms. One warm, bright day early In the spring onu of these creatures was brought out Into thc alley behind tuo stables In order that it might be given a bath. A horse attached to a loaded coal cart became frightened and ran at full speed down the alley toward the elephant. The latter beard the noise and saw the horse rushing toward him. He seemed to take in the situation at once; for, dropping to his knees, ho drew in his trunk beneath his body, drew In his legs, and bowed his head. Tbe horse, in his mad rush, ran completely over tho elephant, dragging the heavy cart with him. Beyond a few slight scratches aud bruises the elephant wns uninjured. Had it not been for his wise forethought and his quick formulation and adoption of his efficient method of self-protection, he might have been severely injured, perhaps killed, by Impact of the maddened horse and heavy cart. In tills Instance there was an undoubted manifestation or correlative ideation, The, Immediate adoption of the only effl- .clent means of avoiding Injury clearly ^demonstrates the truthfulness of this assertion, especially so since there was nothing instinctive In the action of the, elephant. In a state of nature, ele-, phants are not confined in narrow al-| leys, neither are thoj" charged by runaway horses. among tho quivering triple rows of er can ascertain how healthy big corn ~" Is llftely to be. It? tjie shadows of tbe forests, In fho ,»U)i»hlue ot the pr«lrl<«R, vtbe'wiwmlts ot <bt> mpm> Hospital for Sick Plants. A hospital under the care ot Prof. B, T. Galloway, chief of tho division of, vegetable pathology, lias been established by the Department of Agriculture of the United States Government for the treatment of sick plants. Diseases affecting plants and vegetables, as well as remedies, are investigated. The work will not only beueflt farmers, but all lovers of flowers, A violet-plant was placed under a glass jar, where It was provided with only poor ventilation. Germs of a disease known to bo injurious to this plant were mixed with water and sprayed upon It. Soon large yellow' spots appeared upon the leaves. After the Jar was removed, the patient rapidly recovered, showing that the germs would have bad no effect had the air In which the plant grew been fresh. The plants In a row of young corn are given water in different quantities, mixed with certain proportions of salts, as found in natural soil. When certain strengths of salt are added, tha little mouths of the halrllke tubes of the roots, through which the plants drink, become so badly puckered that the plants starve. Plants growing In salt- marshes and by tbe, seaside «ro supplied with larger mouths. 'By testing tbe amount of salt In bis soil, the farm- "Auntie, hns kitty got plus In her toes?" "I suppose so." "Don't you wish they were siifcty pins?"—Truth. Tho easiest way to take tbe conceit nut of an amateur Is to Induce him to become a professional.—Brooklyn Life. She—You never see my husband laugh nt his own jokes, lie—No; but you can't hliime him for that.—Yonkcrs Statesman. treats the whole He—Oh, Miss Ethel, how can I ever tell you uiy love? Sho (wearily)—You might try tho long-distance telephone.— Truth. Two of a Kind.—"They say dreams go by contraries, do they not?" "Yes— dreams utid weather predictions."— Puck. ' "Pa. "what Is a scheme?" "I can't de- line it, my son; but It Is something which will full through quicker than anything else on earth."—Puck. Ills Injury.—Attorney—What ground b ive you for iisklng for n pension? Applicant—Why. when the engagement be- gau I lost my head.—Harper's Bnxar. , Mrs. von Bloomer—"My dear, those people will be bore In au hour to dinner, and the cook has been at your whisky." "In that case I guess I'll join her."—Life. A Forecast.—Lnurn—Yos; Ida. Is en- gnged. Lillian—She has mot her match, bus she? Laura—Oh. uo! I think the gentleman will Uud himself decidedly outclassed.—Puck. "Do trouble wlf some men dat knows n heap," snld Uncle Ebon, "Is dnt dey 1mb sceh a positive way o' tolllu' It dat dey makes j'olks too mad to listen."— Washington Star. She—Aud^do you really love me? He —With all my heart! She—And would you die for mo? He—Well—no! You see, mine Is a sort of undying love!— Uusere Gesellschnft. Jealousy.—"Is she very much In love?" "Much In love! Say! She heard some one say thnt all the world loVe$ a lover, and she's been jealous ever since."—Chicago Post. "Wllllson's wife Is such a womanly man," said the gossipy boarder. "Poof Wllllsou!" said the Savage Bachelor, and relapsed Into his usual grim silence.—Cincinnati Enquirer. She—Then you think the underground road would be a good thing for tbe city? He—Certainly. It It wasn't a good thing the city wouldn't have half so much trouble getting it.—Truth. A Genuine Parados.—Freddie—Mam- ma, don't you wish It would rain diamonds? Mrs. Rich—No, dear. If it should, people with money couldn't afford to -wear them.—Jeweler's Weekly. Enamored Swain (after being accepted)—Darling, you look sweet oobu'gtv'to eat. Practical Maid—Well, you can just bet that I do eat. I hope you didn't think that I lived ou atmosphere alone. —Chicago News. Hicks—Bowers has been telling me some of his war experiences. Wicks— I suppose you believed all his ynfnsT Hicks—Oh, yes; they were so uninteresting I'm sure they must be true.— Boston Transcript. Young man (dining at his cltib)-^! you think, James, that these lonely dinners at the club drive a number of men' to matrimony? Walter—Maybe, sir: but not so many as matrimony drives to the club!—Punch. The' Invalid—I thought Robinson would drop In. I wonder bo hasn't called to see me. His friend—Well, I'll tell you what I think. Mrs. Robinson probably won't let him sit up with any more slcU friends.—Puck. • t "Mary, I saw tbe baker Ulss you today. I think I shall go down and take, tho bread In future," "'Twouldn't be uo use, ma'am; he -wouldn't kiss you, 'cos he promised he'd never kiss anyr body else but me."—Ally Sloper. Mrs. Hicks—I told you Mrs. Dis vyas envious of our new dining room fufnl» l ture, and you don't believe It. Hicks-*-',. Has she been hero aud told you so? Mrs. Hicks—No; t ))ut she sent over a box of boy's tools to-day to Dick.—Odds and Ends. Neighbor—Did that artist who boarded with you paint your doors and -win-, dows? Farmer—He did not At first ho refused to do such common work, < and after I had seen one of his pictures, I refused to let hlui do it.—Fllegende Blatter, Lady> of'the House (to bore, who gen- crally calls when she Is about to SO shopping)—Won't you Jet me ring for a little refreshment for you? Bore—I think I'll take a little something just before I go. Lady of thc House—Ob, then, do have It now!—Punch. • "Your brother, soldier didn't seem any too glad to see you." "Oh, yes, he wag glad enough, but It wouldn't bo good discipline to show It too much, Didn't you notice tbe stripe up and down the leg of his pants? It's half an Inch ' wider than mine."—Chicago Tribune. Visitor—Johnny, how are you getting r along with your geography ID school? Small Boy—Teacher aaya I'm doln,* great. Visitor-Tell me, what Is tbe capital of New York-Sta'ty? Small 6oy ' •?> -I don't know, sir. b$<jj w aa |, «,« ', tula*, the huckskiu-clad figure w«« always to be found, udvUlng, »ud tesdloz tot tbe jjood of. , oWHwitton »lowly crept •ward' and northward H» guide guarantee Wa« R glimpse of tbe bunk' ' " ,»lilrt uud the echo of tbf ' 'in W?a truil» to land*, toarnltt|r,thB ot tte> jjpw Mtfiotu. good »!»•» own a .., hiVdly iMnoyor-eatJamted: they tbe piaster* of proijfoss uuuu "•' and wy»terlfi* uu>ou«i of long, curved toetU—po»U(y-«ly Jnr*nt *w«»W»# with the agitation of ang«r on tha moblje J»w»-aud I p<ufa> down to tft» stomach, ant with a> ruler, antf then by wjueeilng upon it with my baud,*- from tho puUldty. a me- cbjraigai §US*JQU- wwoh retires to b«> maintained for some Uttie time In order t* {WiitB that tbtt'lt^u) qf ailment »h,^» remain 14 ttohi quo. ' ' , **|tn tilto larval ri>» lain »BtJ flndi plenty of oecupstlqu in vflTlous parti ol w» from a , And *o, The Bitter Und. Shortly after the holidays a Congressman from ode of tbe Western States received his quota of garden soods from tho Department of Agriculture, and forthwith distributed them among his constituents. • In most Instances they were fully appreciated, as ftcorei of letters attested; but It Is doubtful If a more appreciative constituent has been recorded since tha distribution of seeds was Inaugurated' than one writer, to whose wife- ftad been sent some of tho lily-bulbs," , "Many tft«nk»," wrote the .grateful recipient "The onions wore partlcu- . f, !hf capital of C»ba.-nojsba?jr t ,Q»jtette.' ' M|ss Tomtney-Mr. 14'ft gular.ro.an. Miss Fllkltis— Row »o? &JIss Tommey— He says he doesn't like golf. Miss Fllklns— But lot* of men don't like golf. Miss Tft^ro»y-.ye gl but Ur. Bunting says ho doesn't care who knows It-Judge. ' Mrs. Newma-Oh, I wlib yon seo Mro. Wlnkler's baby, lovely! Such a dellcaU creature as it la. It's a perfect o with the loveliest eye«, tb» •weo« tie mouth, the eunntogest lltttf and eyes of heavenly blue. It looks If It lout dvoppod from heaven ana S£ ery tiny fenture'haa beeu fashioned by the angels. Mr. Newwa-Ig u a» pur baby? flue; and greatly enjoyed with our boutsteak."~Culcago Record. Ai»«wHUn Aborigine*. year there were 16 New Bouth Aiustralio, 8,423 full-bloo(J aborigines and 8,003 Jialf caitea. Twelve year* back tbe full-Woods numbered slightly more thao double tbe half castes, but since then they bare decreased at the auuual average rate of 490, against aa are«a«e anuuul Incrcwe of 80 bait caste* • In At P«>t Royal, Jamaica, tat months In the year tuunderttormi aw ot almp,»t dftMy occurrence, and xtielt* \o piomc* apif giu'dan pni'ttfti are wu" Wf inyim to Httaufat t«r tSf&m, ' ^Wf^Sf^ *•*» L ' : no, not halt-New Brunette* Wlthiu twp dieted, blue eye» disappear, EaglatuJr out blondes, only Hftjr-ffva »u brunette*, aeventy-nltio blonde ho* been Wo "Hind" to U*hM»afwf but ago arc Inhabited ' of S woro Maude*,' hut

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