Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 6, 1950 · Page 11
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January 6, 1950

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 11

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Alton, Illinois
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Friday, January 6, 1950
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Page 11
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FRIDAY, JANUARY 6, 1950 ALTOM EVENING TELEGRAPH PAOHL1VIN Important Men Had Minor Roles Work of MarxoMemlel Not Known 50 Years Ago By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, Dec. 30, UP)— Walt a minute before you start naming the most important man of the past 50 years. It may turn out he's a man you've never heard of, or thought much of, in the yenrs between 1900 and 1950. It's happened before. So just leave a little room on the end of the list for an unknown or two. Me may have been a genius who died unrecognised In the past 50 years, leaving behind what seemed to bo a dull scientific paper. Lost Paper Could Revise History Yet, someone may stumble across It in the* next 50 years, realize its Importance, and that obscure paper may change man's history and thinking. Or, you may be passing over some one who, in the past 50 years, seemed like a crackpot trouble-maker. Yet, the seeds he planted In other men's minds mny come to strange and terrifying flower some day. This week I went up to the Congressional Library to look through newspaper files of 50 years ago. I searched a number of them. I wanted to see what people then thought were the big names and big events in the 100 years between 1800 and 1900. Lists Were Obvious I found yards of stories. And the lists of Important 19th century men were pretty obvious. Napoleon was there, of course. So was Charles Darwin and the effect he had on men's minds about evolution. Thomas Edison was there. But nowhere could I find the name of Karl Marx. He was born In 1818 and, since he had died In 1883, was dead 17 years by 1900. He'd been mixed up In a lot of Socialist squabbles. He was a stormy character who had a lot of intellectual fights. He had done a lot of writing and he talked of the eventual die-, "tatorship of the proletariat. Marx Died In 1883 But he had died In 1883, ho proletarian dictatorship had appeared, and Socialism had been slapped down soundly. Perhaps he was as vague as that —If they thought of him at all or even knew him—in the minds of the experts who looked back 100 years and made their appraisal of men and events In the 19th century. But—It was Marx who laid the foundations upon which the Russian Bolsheviks, who knew his writings well, set up Communism, the great revolution of our time. The experts didn't foresee what lay ahead for the 20th century, and Marx's hand in it. At least, the ones I read didn't. Mendel Not in Roundup And then there was the- Augus- tinan abbot in Austria, Gregor Mendel. He didn't get mentioned In the 100-year roundup but that was more understandable: He was an obscure monk who died In 1884, the year after Marx. But—between 1851 and 1868 he did a lot of research on the things plants Inherit from one another. The results of his work remained burled away, unknown, until around 1900 when they were brought to light by other scientists. • His work now has had a profound effect upon scientific knowledge of life. It was that almost-lost work of his that opened the door to understanding what men, animals and plants Inherit from the ancestors, like tallness, shortness, blue eyes, dark eyes, skin color. So—when you draw up your list of Important men between 1900 and 1950, Just remember some of the most Important may not be recognized for another 100 years. An Australian doctor, testifying in a drunk driving case claimed that anyone walking past a bar and Inhaling alcoholic fumes would be under the influence. The,»Department pf Agriculture says veins visible on a cow's udder do not necessarily indicate the amount of milk she will give. -, « w$ iWTB^""! > ^ ^.wtf^eHlVHP"*^ ^*F V ^^•••^•••K.Srf-WW** ^T*" *•'•* > W*« •**> *w vea: » »•" rwwBvr.w*^™™™——.w.— — — RESCUE FLOODED FAMILY — Two men in the bow of a rowboat'rescue a marooned family in downtown Villa Grove, after one-third of the city, inclining the business district was flooded. Hundreds were homeless and others were left in freezing weather without furnace heat from their flood- id basements.—AP Wirephoto. 9 , HIAD TELEGRAPH WANT ADS Editors Name Judge Medina As 'Man of the Year 9 in V. S. By SHERRY BOWEN Ap Newsfeatures Writer NEW YORK—Judge Harold R. Medina, who presided at the year- ong trial of 1,1 top U. S. Communists, was "Man of the Year" 01 1949. He has been so named by vote of Associated Press news- iaper editors. The court drama started Jan. .7 and did not end until all de- cndants were sentenced Oct. 21. Defense attorneys helped make eadlines by their disruptive actics. They kept the court in an iproar day after day, refused to iced warnings from the bench ind, In the end, won jail sentences ir contempt. Judge Medina won headlines early in the trial for his patience n dealing with the lawyers. But n one hectic session he had to :all a recess and retire to his chambers for a few minutes to calm his nerves It was not patience alone that ot attention for the judge. It ;as also his firmness in insisting that no one, defendant or attorney, would be permitted to benefit from disorder. Warnings were foTTbwed by action. Inappropriate testimony was cut off. Side remarks were stricken from the re- !ord. Before the trail, Medina had not been widely known. When he came to the federal bench in 1947 he gave up a $100,000-a-year practice for the $15,000 job. He was known as a lawyer's lawyer and had written 15 books on j iederal law. When the editors voted for the leading men in special categories, they found that President Harry S. Truman was first in politics; Dean Acheson, .U. S. secretary ot state, led in foreign affairs; Philip Murray was top man In labor; Henry Ford II in Industry; Vannevar Bush, president of Carnegie Institution, was the leader in science. In literature, Thomas Merton, a trappist monk and author of two best-selling books, was chosen. Ezio Pinza, opera basso turned musical comedy star, got the nod in entertainment. As head of the Democratic party, President Truman watched it show new strength in the 1949 elections. He had to. deal with no spectacular political problems during the year. But he did face some turbulent disputes between factions. Many observers note that the President "sat on the lid" without major political disruptions. ACHESON promoted more frankness in dealing with Russia during the year. Sharp comments on matters in the Russian sphere and on the cold war were common, , He took office as secretary of state in January. The Berlin blockade ended in May. The year also saw the Atlantic treaty completed. This gave the United States a defensive alliance with Europer countries and later Congress voted arms aid for Europe. During the year, the State Department issued a "white paper" giving the background of the failure of the U. S.-ap'p roved Nationalists in China. Also In the talk stage are plans for U. S. aid to backward lands. MURRAY won his vote as head of both the CIO and the steel workers. In steel he led the strike that won company-paid pensions foi the men. In the CIO Murray led the ouster of left wing unions. He also started a drive to replace them with groups farther to the right. This year the Scotland-born former miner was again head of the CIO, which he has led since 1040. FORD was forced to shut down his plants briefly during the year when the union struck because it said the company had speeded up assembly lines. But when time came to talk over a new contract, Ford became the first big employ er to agree to a company-paid pension plan. It, was a similar plan that was won by the steel workers after a strike. Ford took over the family industrial empire in 1945. His father, Sdsel, died suddenly in 1943 and ils grandfather, Henry, resumed or two years while Henry^ II was lastlly trained to command. The young man had not proved brilliant In college. Nor had he shown his grandfather's mechanical genius. But he found sociology o his liking. He followed that dea through, reorganizing the line of command In the business, and working for closer relations with ;he union. His success in these projects has been praised. BUSH remained in 1949, one of the nation's leading spokesmen for science. He has been head of !arnegie since 1938 and has tried 'o make it an agency to help coordinate U. S. scientific work. Trained as an electrical engineer, he is also an Inventor. He writes on scientific subjects and ills speeches get wide attention. In World War II he was head of U, S. agencies to help weld the work of science to the war machine. This Included the early stages ot work with the A-Bomb. In 1949, his comments on atomic Issues still carried great weight. MERTON hns written two best selling hooks and many poems. The first seller was, "The Seven Storey Mountain." The latest, Waters of Slloe," came out In October. Merton writes about his faith and tells in simple language of the experiences which led him to become a monk. He lives in .a Kentucky monastery, 1'INZA has been popular as an opera singer in the United States since he went to the Metropolitan m Woman Boarding Boy Charged With Cruelty DECATim, Jan. 6. (fi— Police charged a 44-year-old woman yes- erday with beating "black and ilue" a two aiid one-half year old boy who had been placed In her care. Roy B. Foster, assistant state's attorney, said the boy, Robert. Van Ormnn, received two black eyes and bruises about the head and legs In a beating by Mrs. Ruth Stcrck Saturday. He termed the boy's condition "pitiful." HP said she related hitting Rob- Opera Company In 1926. He switched to musical comedy with he opening of "South Pacific," April 7, 1949. Here he found a new audience and more popularity. Plnza turned to singing when lie failed as a bicycle racer in Italy. He was trained as an opera singer before World War I, but his debut was delayed four years while he fought for Italy in the Alps. •rt with hat hand and a ruler when he soiled Ms bed and she lost her temper. The chlidV father, Harry Van Ormah, * bartender, lias boarded Robert and two other children with Mrs. Storck since last July, when he and the children's mother were divorced. Police said Van Orman visited his children, noticed Robert's condition and called a doctor. The doctor ordered the boy placed in St. Mary's Hospital where author- ties notified police. Mrs. Storck was charged with cruelty to a child and held In De- cntur city jail. t , Sweden's beer consumption has dropped since prewar years. Child* CoMf To relieve miseries %/• jrlUwutdMinf,rubon W 9i FOR SO Good VIM on cost 1 ; lo«,s per dny them thp dnily prico of your shewing needs 1 SURGICAL APPLIANCE Co CREDIT 213 PIASA ST, OFFICE HOURSi 9 to 5 Dally. S«t, 9 1o 9—No Examln- •tloni on Wednesday Afternoon*. MOM television stations art operating within the boundaries tit the United States than all the rest of the world combined. Bf Extra Oartfil Tkis Tint off Yuri Makt ture your windshield wiper worki . . . make sure you have adequate insurance too, a few dollars a year miy save you many thousands of dollars if you have an accident PUOHt 5-6665 • U' MAOK.t T NEID INSURANCf ! ifwiownofdrivtacir SATURDAY JAN. 7 T SPECIALS SLIPS . WOOL MITTENS HOUSE DRESSES . . . .$1.39 BETTER DRESSES . . 2 $11.00 CHILDREN'S DRESSES . $1.49 BLUE JEANS $2.69 LEE SHOPS WOODUVFJI ALTON SCHIFPS VALUES UNEQUALLED IN OUR ENTIRE YEARS OF BUSINESS. YOU CAN CHOOSE FROM 4000PAIRS OF SPORT, DRESS AND CASUAL SHOES 1 CHILDREN'S HI SHOES • WHITE • BROWN • BLACK Slzts 2 to 9 •BLACK • GREEN • BROWN •GREY •RED • PATENT • SUEDE •CALF FOR ONLY $<f .96 OUR GREATEST SALE • Housewives • SAltS CLfKKS • ;\ • ifAUTICIAHS AA to E Sim 3 to 10 SCHOOL GIRLS • CAREER GIRLS COST LESS / LEATHER SPORTS Sturdily mod* for long wear this QhllUo Oxford it most popular with IIHU girls. A Broil Vilm tor Llttlt Boyi Slit* 4 to 9) ALTON. 107 WEST THIRD ST. SCHIFF SHOE STORE

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