Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on January 6, 1950 · Page 6
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January 6, 1950

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

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Friday, January 6, 1950
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»AOt ItX ALTON IVINIMO T1LIORAMI FRIDAY, JANUARY ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH PutttBtad by Alton Telegraph Printing company. l», B. COUSLEt, Managing Bfttot. PublUhea dally except Sunday; subecrtptton pHca 8Sc weekly by carrier; by mall, $6.00 a ye within 100 mile*; $9.00 beyond 100 mtlta, Entered u eecofiiJ-elase matter at the pottottlee, at Aluwi, HI, Art of Oongreas, March a, M1MBM Of Tin AM001ATBD PMM ftM AMOclststf fnm M MUtM tswluttveiy to OM iw Mpubimtioa «* all UM k>6ii ntws prints* la «*«*paS«l M «•!! M all (Ji 25 Years Ago Locti Advertising — Rttci and contract informftMi application at the fele*r*pl) bunlnm office ill I Broadw«y. Alton. 111. National Advertlilnj H«B«»i* Holildty Co. Naw York Chleafo. OstroH Improved Care for The Mentally III Outpatients of the Illinois state hospitals for mental invalids arc to be increased. The practice of placing convalescent mental patients in private homes away from the state hospitals where they may have been confined, has proved highly successful. So satisfactory has been the experiment th«t it is said the improvement of the mental condition of outpatients is hastened, through putting the mentally ill person back into normal life. By the outpatient plan, the sick person is given some work to do—within the ability of the patient, considering the degree of recovery that has been shown. The state will pay for these patients, as it has been doing. Homes must be suitable for the proper keeping of a convalescent-mental patient. There .ire patients in all state hospitals who have been abandoned by their family members. It is said there is a high percentage of patients whose families gradually space out their calls until the patient no longer sees them. When such patients are recovered enough to be taken out to a home, their own families cannot make it convenient, so the state docs the next best—perhaps the better thing—places them ia some private home and pays a reasonable charge for board and lodging. Long ago, when the lute Dr. George A. Zeller was a member of the Illinois state board having charge of insane people, and later, when he became the managing officer of Alton State Hospital, he was giving publicity to his experiment in non-restraint for mental cases. He horrified everyone by fixing state hospital doors and windows so they could be no barrier for a patient who wanted to g«t out. That experiment did h,ivc its bad points. Later, it was discovered Dr. Zcller was on the right track, but just a bit too far advanced. Now, the outpatient plan is given wide approval in the care of the mentally ill, at a certain point in their recovery. The financial advantage may be mentioned also that the state is saved the expense of constructing more buildings to house the mentally sick. It also reduces the need for so many attendants as arc required when patients are_ gathered in large numbers in institutional buildings. Another advantage is that the scattering of these mental patients increases kindly interest in them that can hardly be possible for the public to show patients confined in state hospitals. King Farouk Makes A Bad Mistake Egyptians gave convincing proof in their voting last Tuesday th.it they have no stock in a romantic affair of their King Farouk for a young girl who was pledged to another. King Farouk may be fancy free if he chooses, but it is going to be tough on him when he makes an effort to break up a match of a beautiful young girl who wai affianced to a young man who wai deeply in love with her. The King of Egypt lott control of his head just a little while before an election that was to be held which was extremely important to King Farouk. Partial returns of the voting indicated that King Farouk'i effort to intervene in a love affair and take away a young maid from her lover was not approved by the people of Egypt, as the party in power backing Fsrouk lost s large percentage of its seats in the legislative body. Farouk may have read and believed too many romances like that of King Cophctua who married the beggar maid, but Farouk neglected the fact that Cophetua's beggar maid was not affianced to anyone else when he picked her for his own. Help to Prevent Coasting Accidents Sledding accidents have been uncommon in recent years, as compared with other times in the distant past when hills were not blockaded to vehicular traffic by the city recreation department. Though there is still the possibility of coasting tragedies, it is considerably lessened by the street-blockading practice, as experience has shown. Parents should make it a point to instruct their children to use the blocked streets if they go sledding. There is no reason why sledding should be permitted on streets travelled by automobiles. The recent snow is the first good one for sleds. While it may be the source of enjoyment for many youngsters, it also is the source of danger. Let's try to get through this winter without any sledding accidents. Adults, should warn children off any travelled streets. Parents should direct their own offspring to coast where there is no traffic. And Now, the Talk Is About a Trillion Well, it's happened. Persons of lesser influence and responsibility have done it in a facetious way, •but this time it's official—the President of the ,United States has tossed out on the conference table of the public forum a new sum of money for all to behold—a trillion dollars. We had just become accustomed to a billion, in words, but not in actual values. Statisticians have tried to impress us with the size of a billion dollars by showing that it would be a stack of dollar bills piled higher than any man has ever ascended; and by showing that if one started counting them at the rat* of JO a minute on a 40-hour work wevk with two weeks' vacation a year it would take him 80 years to count a billion; and to count the dollar* President Truman asks to spend in a single year, he would have had to start in the time of Abraham. So, now having encountered this figure without realty comprehending it, we are started on the new mm, the trillion, and we muit multiply our former concept flf the sum by looo. BHtlKly, (he President promised incomes of $12,000 » year for all at the time the national income teMMU* • trillion, and it sounded matt inviting. It January 6, After a successful administration as head of the Associated Charities, Abbott W. Sherwood had been re-elected (or another year. William C. aschwend was elected secretary-treasurer. Miss Elizabeth Park* had resumed her studies at Montlcello Seminary after spending the holidays with her parents, Mr. and ( Mrs. Robert Parks of Wood River. Miss Maybelle Plvoda of Wood River had returned from a visit In Table Rock, Neb., where, during the holidays, she had been the guest of relatives and friends. Mrs. David Maloney of Wood River hart returned from Pennsylvania, where she had heen for several weeks. She had been called there by the serious ill ness of her mother. Adam Miller of Seminary street had sustained a badly cut leg when he fell against the sharp edge of an axe. He had been chopping branches thnt littered the yard and laid the axe against a branch with the edge up. He slipped and fell, striking his left thigh against, the oxe, receiving a nine-inch wound. Miss Fannie Ullrich of 700 Washington avenue was hostess to the primary teachers of the Evangelical Sunday school. The Misses Esther and Leona Cannnvan entertained nt their country home on the Godfrey-Brighton road with « six o'clock dinner in honor of their little nephew, Ralph Hasten. The occasion was the child's fifth birthday. John Sutler, a retired furniture man, and .T. A. Head, founder of Head's addition In Wood Rivor, had started for Jacksonville, Fla., where they planned to stay for a while, after which they planned to move on to Miami, Key West and then Havana, Cuba. They expected to be gone several months and were making plans to attend the Mardi Gras at New Orleans, La., before returning home. Betty Kocher, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Kocher of Brown street, had undergone surgery at St. Joseph'* Hospital. Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Lcvls of Alton, who had been (pending the winter in Washington, D. C., and other eastern points, had left for California. Walden Levin of Buffalo, N. Y., was In Alton in he interest of the Illinois Class Co. While In Alton he was the guest of his mother, Mr*. William Thompson. Mrs. .1. F. Leeper of St. Louis was visiting her daughter, Mr*. Charles Marsh, of Washington avenue. Former Alderman and Mr*. F. E. Johnson of McKinley avenue had gone to Stockton, Calif., to Islt their son. Mrs. Clifford Rain of Elm street, entertained members of the Gleaners Clas* of the Elm Street resbyterlan Church. Mis* Helen Rain had returned to her studies In he Illinois Institute for the Blind at Jacksonville fter spending the holidays at the family residence n Elm street. , Attorney Wllllnm M. P. Smith, who had been ssistant state's attorney for eight years, had an- tounced that, he would resume general practice of nw and would have offices in the Bank of Edwards- AUe building, Edwardsville. 5O Years Ago .January 6, 1900 Acting at the request of Census Supervisor Prultt of Hlllshoro, the Madison County itepublican execu- Ive committee was making endorsements of suitable >ersons to act as federal census enumerators. At a meeting of the committee in Edwardsville, decision vas made to nominate at least one enumerator from ach township. Commltteemen from several townships, Alton included, asked further time to present heir selections, and were Instructed to have their nominations in hands of W. R. Crossman' of Ed- .vardsvllle, committee secretary, by Jan. 13. Nominated from Wood River was H. C. Slreeper; from Moro, E. A. Smith; and from Ft. Russell, W. L. Oliver. J. E. May had resigned ns superintendent'of Belt •ailway, operating Alton bridge, in order to take a iost as chief clerk In the office of Supt. W. E. Gray of the C. A A., at Bloomlnfiton. William Graham, •liief clerk in the Belt line office here, was expected o succeed May, who had been In charge here since early In 1895, Several church ayd benevolent societies here vere In competition for a piano to be given nway by he Davis music store and an awards committee had been named of which the members were W. J. Scott, r. R. Davis, E. J. Morrissey, H. K. Johnston, and S. -I. Wy*s. Burglars ransacked the home of Mrs, Francis Barbour In Mlddletown. Doctors were being kept busy by a widespread outbreak of grip. „ Miss Caroline Wade entertained with a dancing party In honor of her guest, Miss Harriet Mills of Boston. Mr. and Mrs. Robert M. Forbes gave an evening whist party. Miss Ethel Stratton and John Brenholt received favor* at a euchre parly given by Miss Alice Bowman. Fenwick T. Kendall was appointed postmaster at Wanda to succeed his lato father-in-law, J. H. Fahnestock, who held the position 25 years. Illinois Terminal's telegraph line to Edwardsvllle went into formal operation a* a Western Union circuit. Juvenile Band elcted as officers Andrew Mayford, Harry Leonard, Oscar Tonsor, Harry Ashlock, Henry Eckhard, and Louis Fe.hr. Officers chosen by Alton Horticultural Society were William Jackson of Godfrey, W, E. Carl In of Jerseyville, Miss Hanah Davis, Frank Hoffmelster, and H. G. Mcl'ike. Richard Harrison, 52, died at the home- of his aunt, Miss Elizabeth Harrison, of Main street. Ik- had farmed many years on the Plasa, and his death followed complications after an autumn Illness of pneumonia. Mrs. J. VV. Kerr left for Chicago to attend the funeral of Kent Handle, ^son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Handle. John Telgmun bid In the Hubert son furni near Godfrey at $4986 when It was offered tit public snle by Master In Chancery Warnock of Edwardsville. Miss Clara Fisher was best bidder for the Dennis Coyd place In Upper Alton at $767. would, until one realized thjt in the four yem of his administration since the end of the war, the I'l'il- cral government has laid the heaviest taxes and received the greatest revenue in all its history; and still cannot hold its expenditures within its income, nor promise to do so in the foreseeable future. One hesitates to start counting his $12,000 income 50 years hence and begins to wonder ho*' much of it the President's policies will allow him to keep. One further recalls that the only period of solvent operation of the government when it spent less than it took in, and when its taxes on citi/ens were actually reduced, was during the time of the 80th Congress which President Truman so roundly and continually denounces. A uudy of these symptoms mi^ht K' V I' a clue to the ailment (hat brought about the demise of the haberdashery, Message Was Truman Bid For Support WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.—What President Truman read to Congress as the "State of the Union" message was not written by him but assembled by ghost writers from memoranda supplied by the cabinet and a group of political advisers. It Is significant, of course, that any group of men should he able to write out what they think n President ought to say. But, with the congressional elections coming next autumn, the political advisers nre in the saddle and hence the entire message can he best understood If viewed as an attempt to guess the political temper of the people. Naturally a President can't say the "State of the Union" is had or that the world Is confused, because the people might then politely ask why the administration, In its wisdom, hasn't made things better. So the outright claim Is made that the "Slate of the Union" Is good, that recession's threats have been met, that Communism lias failed to gobble up Kurope, and that America is growing in material strength. It is even hazarded that by the year 2000 A. D., Incomes will be much higher for everybody, though there is not.hlns to indicate that the Democrats hope to remain in power from now until 2000 A. D. The message shows the effects of too many cooks. It. has in it, nevertheless, some pious expressions about peace and the need for a stable economy so as to make it impossible for Communism to conquer as a consequence of an economic collapse in the' United States. Broadly speaking, the President has Issued n campaign document. It is unrealistic to assume for a moment that he thinks his recommendations will' be adopted in the main. Also there is nothing in the message to indicate that the administration means to make any serious attempt to stop the inflationary trend that grows out of unbalanced budgets end failure to cut down the public debt. The President betrays anxiety about the Republicans. He hopes they will back his foreign policy because, he says, It Is, In his opinion, good, -for the country. Actually, being n politician himself, he knosvs there's political dynamite In the bipartisan foreign policy. He knows that a nation that has an unbalanced budget but keeps on spending to extremes and maintains a steady flow of billions to the rest of the world is not in a sound position and, of course, that the party In powar is politically vulnerable. It Is important for the Republicans to keep quiet on these issues—important, that Is, for Mr. Truman. One would think that the President would not. want to stir up the flran of partisanship, but he nevertheless did as lip repeated his charge that the federal deficit is due to the .reduction in taxes made by the Republicans when In control of the 80lh Congress. He merely is preparing the way for a similar charge later in the year when the coalition of Republicans and Democrats prevents the passage of the higher taxes he soon will recommend. There will, of course, be some increases in taxes voted by Congress. The Democrats will try to pursue the demagogic course of penalizing large companies and large earnings. The soothing words about preserving the incentives of business and stimulating investment will be regarded by the uninitintc as a tendency to take n course closer to center limn heretofore. Actually, the administration is getting ready to brine in n program of tax relief for small business and government credits and capital to subsidize or assist, weak competitors of large business, in the hope of drawing to the side of the Democrats this nutumn the small business men as allies with labor and agriculture. Hence, the Truman campaign will be based on bills to "curb monopoly" and other measures aimed at large business. None oC those will get through, but they afford ammunition for the congressional campaign later in the year. In adjusting tax rates, 'there probably will be changes upward in the corporation rates anywhere from the current mark of 38, percent to the 50 percent line. Small businesses, with earnings of $75,000 to 9100,000, may get a break by a lower tax rate. The moment the tax bill Is opened up, a flood of amendments will be proposed and, in a poll- Side Glances "No more New Year's swearing off for me—if I miss that 5:15 train now, the whole family gives me the fishy eye t" ' Pearson's Merry-Go-Round British Policy (ED. NOTE — Drew Pearson, who has spent a good part of his journalistic career specializing on foreign affairs, has written a penetrating series of columns on how the seeds of war are planted. This is the fourth and last of the series.) WASHINGTON, Jan. 6. — The congressional furor over Britain's impending recognition of Communist China will not stop that recognition. But out of the forensics can come—If the State Department Is on Its toes—a joint Anglo-American council to guide the foreign policy of English- speaking countries in the future. Too many times In the past Britain's traditional balance-of- power policy has let the world drift into wars, following which the United States has had to bail out the British. Up until the early 1930s, the bored and blase policy of State Department diplomats was: "In Europe and Asia, we take our cues from Britain. In Latin America, Britain takes the cue from-us." That, of course, was in the heyday of British power, when British banks dominated world trade ;. 'd when His Majesty's navy not .only was the biggest in the world, but a navy meant something. Today British banks would be non-existent without U. S. help, and the British navy is far more impotent than the Bikini-bombed U. S. navy. Thus the time would appear to be here when U. S. foreign policy should cease to be the tall on the British kite. Nevertheless, we continue to support Britain economically with no return guarantees of foreign-policy reciprocity. Britain'* Caie Hlttory In an earlier column, I told how the British foreign office secretly undercut Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson when he was trying to block the Jap war lords in Manchuria. This, however, is only a small part of the story. The seeds of war do not shoot up over night. They are planted sometimes two decades in advance, can be either nurtured «>-• smothered as the years pass. British policy, or perhaps lack of policy, has sometimes fertilized, almost encouraged the seeds of war. tlcal year like this, many will get through the House only to fall in the Senate. The administrative provisions of the law, which have for years needed clarification, will be revised and this may turn out to be more important to businesses and individuals than Hi* changes In rates. On the international front, the message is forthright and reassuring to Western Europe. U also serves notice of a belief that Rus- slon Communism Isn't succeeding In extending Its authority. Possibly the hint that peace is nearer than before is the moat Important thing in the message from a world viewpoint. (Reproduction Rights Re.erv«d) loooervllle Folks By Fontaine F«wr The Brltishj of course, have not meant to do this, but here Is case history on how they have blundered: Hitler's Invasion of the Ruhr- High point of the Nazi tide of aggression prior to the actual outbreak of war came In March, 1936, when Nazi storm troopers Invaded the Ruhr and Rhineland. All day the French cabinet debated whether the French army should resist. All day Paris was on the phone to London trying to get assurance of British support in case war broke in Europe. That assurance never came. As a result the French army did not resist. Hitler took the vast steel and coal resources of the Rhineland, and with this arsenal under his control war became inevitable. After that war was finally over, captured German leaders revealed that Hitler had given his troops two sets of orders before they marched into the Rhineland: One to advance; the other to retreat the minute the French resisted. Balance of power—The Ruhr's invasion climaxed a long series of jockeying in which the British had followed their ancient policy, of balancing France off against Germany. Because France was strong, they built up Germany. British money, even British arms went to strengthen Hitler, even at a time when It was obvious he intended to rule Europe. USA vs. USSR—British strength, according to her old-fashioned diplomats, has lain In her ability to tip the scales between the two strongest European nations. That is one Reason the Brtish are the chief opponents of ECAdministra- tor Hoffman's drive for a United State* of Europe. For, if Europe ir united, Britain can no longer tip the scales. It is also why some Britishers want to balance the United States off against Soviet Russia. This explains British shipments to Russia, even 'including highly secret jet airplane engines. Czechoslovakia — Second to the Ruhr's invasion, Hitler's carving up of Czechoslovakia marked the next great step toward war.* But while the United States was throwing its weight on the side of President Benes against Hitler, Lord Runciman was in Czechoslovakia whispering to Czechs, Sudeten and Slovak leaders that England was quite willing to have the Sudeten- land go to Hitler. Greece—At Casablanca, Winston Churchill worked out a deal with Franklin Roosevelt whereby Great Britain was solely responsible for Greece. This policy was carried so far that messages could not even be sent to American officers Inside Greene except over British communications. The Churchill policy was to build up righ-wing royalists, ignore liberals and moderate left-wingers. Naturally, this spoiled chances of a coalition government. Result: British policy fizzle.. And it was only after It proved a fiasco that the United States was served with a virtual ultimatum that the British were pulling out and we could pick up the pieces. It has now cost us over a billion dollars, untold headaches'and considerable 111 will to rectify what could have been prevented, had we shared responsibility for Greek policy from the start. Delay in India — When Louis Johnson, now secretary of defense, went to India as special envoy, he worked out a compromise with Pandit Nehru by which India achieved a certain amount of independence under the British Empire. His plan, however, was v toed by Churchill. Prior to Johnson's visit, e.v Undersecretary of State William Phillip* had recommended the same thing. So also had Undersecretary Sumner Welles. None of these gentlemen was a radical. They merely saw the handwriting on the wall, that India must at least become a dominion, that we must heal India's wounds Sbefore they festered. They also knew that all Asia was i.n the march. But London wouldn't listen. Thus, British policy In India, in Burma, and In China in each case has helped undermine American ideas on democracy which we have tried to hold up'to Far Eastern countries. And having helped to undermine us , the British now leave us holding the bag. They proceed to recognize the Communists Robert S. Allen Reports Opposes DP Change •T ft-" ilium i WASHINGTON, Jan. «. - Senator Pat McCarran (D.-Nev.) will seek a two-y«ar entensten of the displaced persons law, denounced by President Truman as "anti- catholic and antl-semltlc." The- law expires June 30. McCarran will recommend • eontlnu- ante In a report he will submit a* chairman of the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration. Active In the enactment of the law by the 80th Congress, he ha* consistently blocked revlslonary legislation. McCarran'* report will be based on his extended junket In Europe last fall, which included a viut ta Dictator Franco. McCarrun financed thi* trip by drawing on French "counterpart funds" under the Marshall Plan program. McCarran will deny that the DP law 1* discriminatory, and will contend ft is working satisfactorily. Hi* report Is being prepared by a staff of 29, the largest subcommittee staff in Congress. The subcommittee 1* scheduled to expire March 1, when it runs out of funds. It is operating at an annual cost of $135,000. Head of the-staff Is Richard Arens, political protege of Senator Forrest Donnell (R.- Mo.) who, like McCarran, Is vigorously against modifying the displaced persons law. Arens held the same Job In the 80th Congress under former Senator Chapman Revercomb (R.-W. Va.), co-author of the law. The administration's modifying bill was passed by the House last spring by a 3-to-l majority. Al- thought a decisive bi-partlsan majority favored the measure in the Senate, a vote was blocked n the closing dnys of the last session by threat of a filibuster. Supporting McCarran In this action were Donnell, William Jenner (R.-Ind.), James Eastland (D.- Miss) and William Langer (R.- N. D.). JAP DECARTELIZATION—Ed- ward C. Welsh, chief of the antitrust section on General MacArthur's staff, has given Washington authorities a sour, earful on Jap decartelizatlon. In a series of private conferences with Pentagon ?nd State Department officials, Welsh reported a mysterious bogging down In Jap enforcement of occupation-inspired laws to eliminate cartels and monopolistic practices. A veteran of the muddled de- cartelization program in Germany, Welsh's report on Japan echoed what has happened in Germany. He told authorities the cartel system in japan was even more extensive and closely integrated than in Germany. While mentioning no names, Welsh placed blame for the stalling chiefly on the Japanese. "Everything was going along smoothly until a few months ago," he told Pentagon chief*. "We were able to enact a number of good laws, and the Japanese appeared willing to enforce them. A number of small cartels were broken up. Then, suddenly, there was a change In their attitude. Enforcement began to lag, and (that lag) continued even when Japanese officials were pressured by members of Gen. MacArthur's staff. But there hasn't been much of that for some time." Welsh was Informed the army still favors breaking up of Jap cartels. He was told there has been no change In army policy. However, he was advised that the army cannot order MacArthur to speed up decartelization. It can merely "suggest" that to him. It was explained this is due to the fact that MacArthur 1* Allied chief in Japan, as well as commander of U. S. forces. "Well," remarked Welsh, "unless pressure is applied to the Japanese, there will be no enforcement of the decartelizatlon program." Throughout Welsh's conferences, army authorities stressed the need for avoiding publicity. He was told, "We don't want another Ferguson Investigation, It would be very harmful to the army." Federal Trade Commissioner Garland S. Ferguson headed a special group that , was sent to Germany in 1948 to probe the failure of the military government to break up German cartels. His 135-page report stated American policy and directives had been clear and specific, but they had not been carried out by General Clay's staff. SIGN OF THE TIMES—In addition ' to the House Lobby investigating committee, Representative Harry.Sheppard (D., Calif.) is doing some lobby housecleaning of his own. He has thrown one lobbyist out of his office, and has hung the following sign on his door: "No Loans Made No Checks Cashed No Lobbyists Needed!" WAR FRAUDS—The House judiciary committee, headed by Representative Emanuel Celler (D., N. Y.), I* sitting on a group of reports charging the loss of millions of dollar* In fraud and overpayments In the termination of war contract*. Submitted by Comptroller-General Lindsay Warren, some of the report* have been in the committee's hand* since last August. He vigorously recommended repeal of the contract 'settlement act of 1944, Under thl* law, government agencies can make contract settlement* without prior audit and approval by the general accounting office. These settlements cannot be reopened except by mutual agreement. Under Warren's prodding, several repeal bills were introduced. But no hearings have been held and nothing has been done about his report*. Cellar says they are "still being studied." On of the report* lists a number of cases which Warren declares cost the government $11,800,000 in mishandled contract terminations. ^e states, "Millions more Have who took advantage of their own shortsightedness. (Copyrlfhl. l»jo. by BcU Syndlcttr IRC.) \ been lost through fraud and over. payments." He also points out that his staff has only scratched the surface and that he will submit other report* this year. So far, only 9,198 con. tract settlements have been •*. amlned. "Careful examination of the evidence disclosed In these case* has convinced me," Warren de. clared, "that at least 472 of tht settlements were Induced «, fraud. The detection of fraud h»» not resulted In the automatic r*. covery of the amount unlawfully obtained by contractors. To th's contrary, only $107,882 has been recovered so far. It Is unlikely that any substantial amount win ever be recovered," Warren was particularly outraged at the attitude of some gov. ernment agencies in defending overpayments even after contractors admitted them. Instead of attempting recoveries, the agencies devoted their efforts to justifying thi' overpayments. "Some sources have .contended* Warren declared, "that the loss of millions of dolla'rs disclosed In tht operations under the act was con* templated but, nevertheless, was necessary in order that reconver- sion be not delayed, and that an independent audit prior to settlement would have delayed this pro. cess, resulting in business , stagna. tlon, unemployment and a loss to the economy as a whole. "That is the same familiar theme which was used in advocat. ing passage of the act: the necessity of headlong haste, regardless of waste, to avoid otherwise ex. pected chaos. Such attempted justification for the Contract Settlement Act was then, and. is now, no 'justification at all." Some of the cases cited oy War* ren In his reports are as follows: Two former Army officers who, while on active duty, received $2000 In the Stock of a company to which shortly thereafter they gave government contracts total- ling more than $200,000. Eight contractors, "with delih. erate intent to defraud the gov* ernment," included In their termination claims sums totalling $274,. 273 paid to certain government of. ficials for "services" in obtainini the contracts. One company received $15,366 in a terminaton settlement for electronic tubes previously rejected by the army. An army officer received $7600 from a company after divulging to it the prices submitted by competing bidders. CAPITOL CAPSULES — Representative A. L. Miller (R.-Neh.) has written Treasury Secretary John Snyder . demanding a cate- goric "yes or no" answer on whether the administration plans to boost the price of gold. Miller says "banker friends" have told him they were tipped off the pries of gold is to be increased to help Great Britain. . . . Representative Brent Spence (D.-Ky.), chairman of the-;-House banking committee, has a lot of work in store for his group. He will hold hearings on eight housing and financial measures due to expire this year unlesi renewed. One of them is the rent control law, which expires in June. Spence favors Its continuance. . . . Representative Mike Klrwan (g.-O.) says he went "deeper Into" Germany than any other visiting congressman last year. He descended more than 2000 feet in a Ruhr coal mine, to observe German mining methods, Kirwan says they are among th* most advanced In the world. (Copyrifht IBM, Poit-Hall, Syndicate, Inc.) Answers To Questions — By RASKIN — • Mail inqulrletltT tioikin Infer. (nation Bureau, tUsUn Service, SIB Eye St., N. £. Washington, JD. C. Enclose s cents for return postage. Q. Do 'all whirlpool* turn th< same direction? M. E. D. A. The U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey says that the deflectlni force of the earth's rotation creates a tendency in all things moving horizontally on the earth'l surface to turn to the right oi their direction of travel if north ol the equator, and to the left M south of the equator. It is sometimes erroneously believed that, because of this force, all whirlpools in the northern hemlsphen rotate In one direction and thosi In the southern hemisphere In thl opposite direction. The forces 01 features causing the whirl (tfci configuration of • channel, thl meeting of currents, the winds opposing a current, etc.) usually govern the direction of rotation, so that whirlpools In either hemisphere may and do' turn in either direction. Q. How many different kinrti of solitaire games are there? M. T. A. There are about one thousand varieties of the game. M" st are for play by one person, hul there are similar games which twe or more may pUy. Q. How large a *um of money I* invested In railroads In thi United State*? J. M. A. In 1947 the Investment in road and equipment of railrondi In the United States; excluding <h« investment of proprietary f° m- panies amounted to $26,924,806,000. Q. Why do people chew when traveling by airplane? D D. G. A. The reason is that thi working of the jaws in chewing tends to keep the air pressure equalized on both sides of the ear drum. Chewing action opens the throat end of the Eustachian tube. In landing, an airplane niovei from low to high atmospheric pressure, a situation which wouln cause discomfort If the Increased pressure was exerted only on <M outer side of the ear drum. <

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