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K-i ftttan fVwtfrtg Telegraph Tlnirsdny, August 31, 1972 Bensinger pushes for change Illinois efforts 1o reform prisons will spread 1o Iho nation with election of two top Illinois Department of Correelions officials to key national corrections association presidencies. Peter B. Bensingcr, director, nnd Joseph S. CoiiRhlln, assistant director, of the IDC have been Instrumental in efforts to change prisons from training grounds for criminals 1o "places where, more and more offenders can be released with the skills and attitudes which will make Ihem productive members of society." Bensingor hopes to seek "maximum cooperation between officials of state, federal, Canadian, and major city prison systems" who are members of the Association of State Correctional Administrators. He has pushed in Illinois prisons for more modem procedures and policies which he hopes will become uniform throughout the country. Since existing prisons and policies, in most cases, ai'e dismal failures, perhaps 9 What We think about... Reforming prison*... Protecting crossings • t • Rensinger, Coughlin, and other enlightened corrections leaders can expand the progress which has been made in this state's institutions. Bensinper certainly will be placing his reputation on Hie line in such an effort. The public, however, after disturbances such as Attica, may be more ripe to accept change than ever before. Reduced costs and inmate loads can be redirected to the all important probation and parole fields where there is more likelihood of success in preventing repeal criminal acts. • Yarlulabcuc can help All cities, villages and townships In the Telegraph area where railroad crossing deaths have been tragic reminders that protection and warning signals are needed should be represented at ICC hearings in Springfield. Also, the Illinois Commerce Commission should make trips to regions of the state where problems exist in its area of respon- sibility much as other state agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency does. Sen. Sam Vadalabene was to have testified Wednesday about crossings in Edwardsville, presumably relating specifically to those crossings and the railroads involved. ICC proceedings are complex, technical and difficult for the public to understand. Son. Vadalabene before has promised to work for several communities seeking protection. Local officials should give him full cooperation so more deaths don't occur. Parallel situations Sen. George McGovern's analysis of the probable pressures and developments in South Vietnam in the event of his election matches pretty closely with our own, outlined the other day. I n our comments about former Presidential Advisor Walt Rostow's long- expressed theories of continued need for support in Vietnam, we pointed out the danger to remaining American troops in Indochina that could arise from a sudden change in our attitude there. We conjectured on the hazard remaining American forces might have to fight their way out — If they ever made it. McGovern's analysis is reflected in hig announcement of an offer of asylum to President Nguyen Van Thieu "Our man in Saigon", "if he and his friends feel endangered by a postwar settlement." The situations would be parallel. Fall of the Thieu government could be complete chaos in South Vietnam. And it doubtless would be precipitated instantly by attempt at sudden final withdrawal of United States forces under other conditions outlined by that 90-day wonder Miracle Mac. Festival surplus encouraging Report, of a $15,850 surplus on the basis of the Mississippi River Festival's 1972 season — even though the institution still falls far short of sustaining itself — is encouraging, The surplus will be applied to deficit of $26,345 accumulated during the MRF's past operations. The festival board still had to face the fact that it was necessary to depend upon $50,000 granted by the Illinois Arts Council, $38,000 from the Missouri Council of Arts, and $48,050 from the Friends of the Festival campaign. Peter Pastreich, managing director of the festival and St. Louis Symphony, warned that the budget surplus was made possible only by these contributions. This situation is, of course, far from unusual in activities of this type; In fact, should be expected. Nevertheless, the most encouraging development of this wrapup for the season was decision by the MRF board to launch 1973 plan-making Immediately with a view to getting into its fund raising activities at an earlier state. This phase of the festival has been distressing indeed to seasoned observers, and we are encouraged to see probability of correction. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY What YOU think: An earlier George's thoughts Acupuncture The Republicans complain that they inherited the Vietnam war yet they consistently give the same argument in support of the war that Johnson, Kostow, Rusk, & Co. gave. Whether a Republican or n Democrat has been at the helm, the ship of state for 25 years, has Ircen sailing off the course laid down by our founding fathers. The father of this country, George Washington, would see his warning and advice totally ignored today. In his farewell address (which every potential voter should road) Hie wrote "Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all. Religion and morality enjoin this conduct; and can it be that good policy does not equally enjoin it? "Permajienl, inveterate antipathies against particular nations and passionate attachments for others should be excluded .... The nation which indulges toward another an habitual hatred or an habitual fondness is in some degree a slave. It is a slave to its animosity and its affection." Today, the free United States is a slave to its Puzzled I have concluded, after reading Mr. Rowan's column Aug. 24, that to vote for either President Nixon's vvcll-oilod campaign or Sen. McGovern's "boo boo" party would be a great mistake. This election year is a depressing one. It's not so much who you want to be in office but who is the least objectionable. The conclusions do not leave one enthralled at the prospect of voting either way in November. LINDA LEADV. 1016 \V. High St., Edwardsville passions and animosity p r o p e 11 c d by unthinking loaders into a war where our so-called vital interests were never threatened. Washington continues: "Sympathy for the favorite nation (South Vietnam) facilitates the illusion of an imaginary common Interest in cases where no real common interest, exists. ... It leads also to concessions to the favorite nation of privileges denied to others. And it gives to ambitions, corrupted, or deluded citizens who devote themselves to the favorite nation, facility to betray or sacrifice the interests of their own country, sometimes even with popularity, gilding with appearances of a virtuous sense of obligation a com- 111 c n d a b 1 e preference for public opinion, or a laudable zeal for public good, the base or foolish compliances of ambition, corruption, or infatuation. "Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, I conjure you to believe me. fellow citizens, the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake, since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government. . . . "Real patriots who may resist the intrigues of the favorite nation, are liable to become suspected and odious, while its tools and dupes usurp the applause and confidence of the people to surrender their interests." Television has mined our political process. Candidates are packaged and sold like What y think: The T o I e g r a p h welcomes prose expressions of Its mailers' own opinions of What YOU think. Writers' name* and midressos must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding 150 words, and ar« subject to condensation. Walt's later thoughts It was incredible to see the Telegraph pull super-hawk Walter Rostow out of the memory bag to prop up its Vietnam alternative editorial. Rostow's distinction in American history i> that he convinced two perfectly sane Presidents that the Vietnam War made sense. President Kennedy kept us in Vietnam to save his political face after the Ba> of Pi'-js fiasco. President Johnson kept us in tHvause he never did understand foreign aiiair> and had to rcl> on men like Uostow. Pi-esident Nixon's "secret plan" has brought 2\).0l)() more Americans home — in coffins. W h i 1 e no American politician is yet to die in Vietnam, many of them by now must agree that the only good war is a dead war, and the only Vietnam alternate is a new administration Washington. MAUK CAimVRIGHT, 1109 Mi-Pherson I !•: H 1 TO K 'S NOTE: cunvnt story about Rostow p r o m p ted. rather than ••propped' 1 the editorial.) in soap with the Madison Avenue techniques said to be pitched to the fourth-grade level. A society accustomed to having everything done for it by others (shake and bake, and cat) is content to have its political thinking served to them by the news media. But since I hold with Alexander Pope that "whatever is, is right," it ts natural that we should come to this point. Our food has become slop, our music noise, our art spilled paint, our sculpture piles of junk welded together, our dancing ludicrous. Surely it follows that our poitical process should also become degraded. It has. It's almost funny. E. L. SPARKS, R..R. No. 2, Edwardsville Nixon hits snag American grain alleviates Soviet food crisis By Victor Riesel WASHINGTON - Offstage a seagoing drama is being played which could affect this national election. As prologue there is the fact that the Soviet Union now is desperately short of bread and characteristically long on gall. All over Europe these past few weeks — including word from those who cross into East Berlin regularly — I heard how truly hungry are much of the Russian rural people and how emaciated are their cattle. Of all this there is little doubt, as I learned from excellent sources during long conversation in West Berlin and later in London. On my return here last week I discovered that tha American public did not know what already was documented knowledge in some European labor, trade and intelligence circles: There would have been sharp hunger in some Soviet regions if tens of thousands of tons of American grain hal not been pouring into the U.S.S.R. for at least two months now. So disturbed was Communist Party General Secretary Leonid Brezhn?v over the scarcity of all grains that he began ordering Kite A last spring the immediate shipment from the I'.S. without waiting for the seco-"i major conference with our Secretary of Commerce Pe'.e Peterson scheduled and held early in August. Small wonder. There are reports that two Russian truck drivers were sentence! to a year in a prison WI>VK camp for dumping seve"ai loads of stale and moldy bread loaves. Thus at the end of June American grain began leaving Great Lakes and Gulf ports — not in American ships hut in what are called "third flag" freighters. These have been chartered by the Russians, I'm told by U.S. Dept. of Commerce officials, "FOB" — freight on board. Thus the U.S.S.R. foreign trade purchasing trust was getting itself a bargain despite its pledge to throw some of the cargo business to the American Merchant Marine which has lost 50 p<>r cent of its trade. Or, in other terms, has lost sufficient, business to force it to lay off some 30,000 American seamen in recent years, "Third flag" ships operate on mighty low wage scales compared with what the American seafarer has won. Patiently the American Longshoremen loaded thj breadstuff. Patiently the American unions of seagoing men waited for the Soviets to fulfill the promise they made to Peterson's colleague Andrew Gibson, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Domestic and International Business — a promise wlrch Andy p;issed on to the AFl.- ("10-waterfront unions: "I can assure you that for every Russian ship used there will be an American ship used." In all, this would have created some 30,000 U.S. maritime jobs — a 'lot of "bread" for Americans. The full grain deal, which still is to be signed officially, calls for $750 million worth of uhe stuff or about 10 million tons. So the U.S. unions watched the Kremlin charter third-flag freighters to carry a million tons, two million and finally last week the total came to 3.5 million tons, or over a third of the huge deal which was to have revived" dockside prosperity in the U.S. And not one of the ''booked' 1 freighters was American. Suddenly it became obvious that technically the Soviets were not going to break their promise to use one U.S. vessel for every U.S.S.R. cargo carrier hauling the wheat. They were just not going to use any Russian freighters on this run. Thus they wou'.rl not have to match one Toone with American craft. The Kremlin has lots of runs for its freighters. They still push war supplies into North Vietnam by devioiss routes and ruses, They siiil carry military hardware to their clients in Cuba and away from Egypt. They still serve several client countries and friends in Africa and Latin America. And they will operate a heavy ocean bridge to India and Asia. So they can use their freighters elsewhere and charter low-wage craft from such nations as Liberia or even Poland. If they keep this up they save a differential of some $30 million on the whole deal — they have their bread and eat it, too. But no "bread" for American sailors. Not yet. Thus their promise of a 50-SO deal means nothing if they don't use Red ships or give a third of the business to American shippers. About 12 days ago American resentment developed a razor-edged anger. Word came that three, possibly four, Russian ships were heading down the St. Lawrence to pick up grain in Chicago and other Great Lakes ports. These have turned into tho most phantom ships I've ever covered. Unions such as th- 1 International Longshoremen's Assn. and the National Maritime Union (NMU) both (AFL-CIO) charged the Red craft were .steaming in but would never be allowed to pick up soy beans or any other grain — without charters first being signed for an equal number of American craft. The Commerce Dept. claims there were no ships. AFL-CIO vice president and NMU president Joe Curran dashed off a telegram to President Nixon to ajert him of possile trouble — meaning wide picketing. The Russian ships, phantom or real, put back out to sea. So the Soviets play their traditional artful dodger game. We have a big grain surplus. We can use the money to ease our deficit in the balance of payments. The Russians need the grain for bread and cattle feed. They have,' in effect, promised to continue buying possibly upward of $1 billion annual'y. What others say... Good for Algiers Algeria is to be commended for returning the $1 million ransom confiscated from the black group which hijacked a Delia Airlines DC-8 from Miami to Algiers on July 31. This is the second time in a few weeks that the Algerian authorities have handed back a skyjacking ransom. The first wus a sum of $500,000 take to Algiers by two avowed Black Panthers lasi June. The case of the hijackers themselves is still under investigation, and if Algeria is to fulfill its international obligations, it should either extradite them to the United States or try them before Algerian courts. These acts of banditry are embarrassing to President Boumedienne. He sees them as abusing Algeria's image as a haven for exiled radicals. Obviously he hopes confiscation of the ransoms will help deter other would-be sky pirates. —Christian Science Monitor By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON — President Nixon's pursuit of Jewish votes has collided, apparently, with a new Mideast policy being urged upon him by the State Department. The U.S. mission in Cairo has reported that the Soviet- Egyptian break is far more significant than Washington had dared to hope. Not only have most Russian advisers been sent home, but Russian reconnaisance- planes have also departed Egypt. The State Department has urged, therefore, that the time is ripe for the United . States to restore better relations with Egypt's President Sadat. A little pressure on Israel to soften its terms, the State Department argues, not only would improve U.S. standing in Egypt but might " lead to a Middle East settlement. President Nixon has forbidden the slightest pressure on Israel, however, while he is courting Jewish voters in the presidential campaign. He decided last year to make a strong appeal for Jewish votes as part of his drive to broaden the base of the Republican party. He overruled the advice of some White House advisers, particularly his chief of staff H. R. Haldeman, who argued that it would be useless to compete with the Democrats for the Jewish vote. But the President was influenced by a letter that B'nai B'rith official Herman Edelsberg wrote to Earl Mazo, Nixon's biographer, Mazo sent a copy of the letter, dated April 2, 1971, to the White House where it has been carefully studied. "At this time," wrote Edelsberg, "the central Jewish concern seems in be the danger to Israel. Th^ leadership of the Jewish community . . . has heard time and time again that Nixon has been the best friend Israel has had in the past 20 years. "I will not pretend that this word has filtered down to the precincts. But it's there to exploit." Edelsberg buttressed his argument with election statistics. "It would be foolish defeatism," he wrote, "for the Republicans to write off the Jewish vote .... "In the 1968 election, in the East, Humphrey got 83 per cent of the Jewish vote; Nixon 15 per cent; Wallace two per cent .... In the Midwest, however, the Jewish vote was 71-26-3. "Nixon did 11 points better in the Midwest than in the East. Why should anyone assume that a proper effort could not get a 1'0-point pickup in the East? "But it's much more than New York. There is California with 700,000 Jews, Illinois with almost 300,000 and Pennsylvania with 440,000. When was the last time anyone carried the nation without at least two of these states?" Footnote: Edelsberg, who confirmed the authenticity of his letter, explained he wrote i t "not to show the Republicans how to win the Jewish vote, but rather to make the point that as one of the two major political parties in America, the Republicans would be foolish just to write off the minority vote." Despite their annual complaints over military cuts, the Army brass always seems — to" have plenty of mflwijtjfc>•'. L * entertain visiting dignitaries. ' Last spring, for example, the 101st Airborne Division at Ft. Campbell, Ky., was notified that President Nixon . would drop in on a ..." "homecoming" celebration scheduled for April 6. The brass immediately began preparing a lavish welcome that eventually cost an estimated $250,000. Two days before the great . day, the Army was told the President couldn't make it, and Ft. Campbell would have to settle for second best, Vice President Spiro Agnew, Undaunted, the brass ; pushed ahead with their reception plans. All oyer the post, soldiers and civilians alike scurried about with paintbrushes and whitewash buckets. The facility engineering . shop labored long hours • putting together recruiting and promotional displays. All told, the civilians at Ft. Campbell put in about 4,400 hours of overtime. After all their preparations, insiders tell us, the brass- were worried not enough people would be on hand to cheer Agnew. So 47 chartered buses were dispatched to the hinterlands to bring in some „ 1-700 parade-watchere. Another 15 ' buses were rented to supplement the army buses that were being used to shuttle visitors to and from parking lots. Some $3,200 was spent to hire a fleet of cars to haul around the brass hats and other "visiting dignitaries." What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 ,j roars ago AUGl'ST 31, 1947 The withering heal. wi;i) '.he iiiermomi-ier pushing the 98 reading, would cause ;jival d^vomion to marchers in the Labor Day parade. During the month, •ix days had temperatures of 1UU degrees, three 11)2; 20, 95 or higher, and the •'loir. 1 ' . ir-o! spuis IM-IIII; the lath and 1'ti, with ivspectiu.- H.>U:IIL;S o| v> and 87. A inotorc.U'le caru\an o! ndci> tiom Mix^m:! and Illinoib with police escort, was mi a "„>!'-> !i>ui" from St. Louis to Gralton, where they would open * two-day fidd meet at the entrance to iviv Manjuciie Slate Park The tour and mee-i was ^am-i •uim: in the Ainenca.li Mu'.oicule As.s'u-laihjn. An unusual Labor Day event was scheduled to begin at the foot of Henry street. John V. Sigmund, a St. Louis butcher and distance swimmer, would enter the Mississippi river, while his opponent, Kay Faulkner, also of St. Louis, and infantry veteran, would run to the city. Sigmund, 37, weighed 247 pounds, Faulkner. 21, weighed 16U pounds. With the ball season drawing to a close, Milton captured the Jayeee Junior League crown by <tciealing Norlhsiiie, 14-0; the Muny League was in a three-way tie, and second round playoffs we'v to foe held by Intercity Ix-ague, after frame's and (irulton decided standings in a playoff game. S.Sgt. Donald Dowler, stationed with (lie Anny ol' Occupation a: Yokohama would be joined by his wile and thrci'-vear-old daughter. He had re-enlisted in 1'Vbruary and was sen! to Japan. S_:t. Dowler had previously served three-and-one-half years on active duty of which 18 months were overseas. He was wounded and received the Purple Heart. Mrs. Dowler was the former Koenthea Higgins. Alton Post 126 Junior American Legion baseball team won the Madison-Bond County Council league champion, in a 5-2 victory over Greenville, giving them 17 victories with 1 defeat. 50 years ago AUGUST 31, 1922 Even after President Harding's declaration that an "emergency" no longer existed — with its assurance his powers would not be used under the currently dis.sohing coal strike — the House killed, 85 to 64, a provision in the administration's coal distribution bill granting the President power to declare an emergency. In connection with the national Shopmen's strike against railroads, violence continued to erupt in the shape of disclosures of plots to wreck trains, and actual derailments of some. In other Congressional action, the Senate approved, 47 to 22, the $4 billion soldiers bonus bill, which then went to House-Senate conference committee to compose differences. Internationally, the Allied reparations commission meeting at Paris approved a compromise on the German moratorium plan under which coal and wood could be delivered through contracts with industrialists. Management of Woodwork's five and 10 cent store disclosed that a limited experimental stock of radio set parts had quickly sold out, largely to young boys interested in building their own sets. Estimated cost of parts for a set, including headphones, ranged between $4.50 and $7. Reduction in assessments against fanners following a poor year added up to $1.5 million loss to the county in rural districts as the Board of Review neared completion of its work. Board members visiting the Western Cartridge Co. were shown ?10U,l)00 worth of equipment which the World War I armistice was said to have rendered into junk. Mayor 0. F. Nagel signed a resolution granting H. M. Burton permission to solicit for sale of trees to be planted under the City Park Committee's direction. It al$o granted the park committee authority to order installation of water connections wherever necessary to care for the trees planted.