Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on September 26, 1963 · Page 4
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September 26, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Thursday, September 26, 1963
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26,1963 Road Routes Accepted Assurance of early procedure on needed highway constructed to the east is indicated by agreement among governmental leaders of these towns to support a state plan described to them. The construction is badly needed. Perhaps most needed among the projects right now is widening and improving of Rte. 140 eastward to Mfiadowbrook. Residential property has been mushrooming fast in this area, and the growth has reached a place where capacity of the one two-lane highway is sorely taxed. It is difficult enough to drive during crowded periods of the day without complications. The many left turns of traffic through oncoming lines, however, back cars up for thousands of feet at times. The state's reversion to the proposal for routing the beltline south along the GM & O tracks to the "islands" at East Alton puts the whole program back •bout where it originally started. The state, however, was facing some difficult problems of cross and merging traffic at the islands. It may be hoped the engineers have found solution to the problem at this point. Wliat we think about.. .Road Peace... Bosch Coup ... At Grassroots Coup in Santo Domingo Sometimes we wonder, when the military scores a coup and takes over rule in a nation, what thty mean when they say the administration was "chaotic." Do they refer to "chaotic" by military or by political standards? That is what the newly ascended military powers in the Dominican Republic were saying Wednesday after their seizure of the governing reins from President Juan D. Bosch—that conditions were "chaotic." The whole set of circumstances was surprising in view of the long weeks we had watched efforts in neighboring Haiti to overthrow the dictatorial government there. Does the Santo Domingan coup mean a future military push against Haiti, which President Bosch refused to countenance even though some movements had been made in that direction by the military? Was his overthrow based on his refusal to go along with the move against the much-hated Haitian rulers? Certainly it is regrettable that the first legally elected president of the Dominican Republic in 32 years should be overthrown so quickly. The action places a grave problem before this country and before the Organization of American States, especially in view of proximity of the whole action to Cuba. Down to the Churches Now We can expect to Hear arid see more outspoken action at the congregational level of churches on the civil rights..4ssue now. The cycle has approached that level now. Alton Presbytery, covering 10 counties'of south central Illinois, acted to pass the torch to its local congregations Tuesday. It urged that church members welcome "all men into the fellowship of their home, their church, their place of work, and their neighborhood." That's a broad order of fellowship. When achieved, it should go a long way toward relieving the many problems we now have between races. The presbytery move follows broad action by the United Presbyterian in the U. S. A. General Assembly last May, and should be the grassroots step for putting that program into operation. How Ya Gonna Keep 'Em? President Kenndey Wednesday called for a parity between all phases of American life; both urban and rural. He stressed a belief that we are achieving such parity. Such an achievement should make the, country stronger. We need to develop programs which will make our smaller comrrfunities, particularly in the rural areas, more attractive to their people. These communities are the cradle of our spirit of independence. They make possible a way of growing up that makes people the more independent and self- reliant. And this self-reliance is the key to the benefits to be gained by young people from rural life. The nation will need to guard against shaping its program in such a manner as to increasingly make youth reliant on agencies, particularly of the government, for recreation and training. Still, we must aim to keep more of our young blood in the smaller communities, where they can taste of and avail themselves of the greater individuality they achieve there. Snafu in Schools? It is unfortunate that a series of events should lead to an appearance of an interracial complication in the Roxana school system. The board had adopted a policy aimed at clearing of its schoolrooms activities that tended toward private profit. This is an admirable policy, and we thoroughly sympathize with it, whether it might be carried on in Roxana, Alton, or Timbuctu. The Roxana school board may want to re-examine the Easter Seal activity, however, and re-determine whether it involves anyone's private profit—as long as the facilities there appear desirable. If it found its way clear to offering its facilities, it could clear up any traces of suspicion. Meanwhile, it would appear some of pur other school districts in the area, including our own, might come up with an offer of accommodations. PAUL S, COUSLEY, Readers Forum Who Will Try Again? I have thought now for some time about Mr. Murrell and his labeling as "incomprehensible" of the universality, and therefore the proveability, of human rights. If the fact that Negroes and whites must have equality if we are not to live in the distress of dishonesty forever is "incomprehensible" to Mr. Murrell, nobody David Lawrence Soviet Treaty - m Motive Cloudy WASHINGTON — Since the United States and the Soviet Union now have ratified the treaty partially limiting nuclear tests, there can be no denying the prevalence of a widespread belief that .the world has witntssed a manifestation of the will to avoid war. Here in Washington, the opposition to the treaty was significant and constructive and will serve as a continuous warning that skepticism as to the peaceful intentions of the Soviet has not been removed. The circumstances surrounding the making of the treaty, however, are still a mystery. The motives of the Soviet Union are not clear. The western world has for so many years encountered fluctuations in Soviet policy, especially as agreements have been brushed aside, that many observers find is difficult today to attribute virtue to the MOSCOW government. : There are, however, some basic considerations which cannot be overlooked, and they tend to support the theory that the world may really be embarking on a course that will avoid a big war. Accidents, of course, can happen and little wars can suddenly provoke big ones, but the reasons why Moscow will seek to maintain peace for a long time to come currently outweigh any factors that might possibly bring on a war. In the first place, few Americans realize the intensity of feeling of .the Soviet people about war itself. The figures vary, but it has been -estimated that 20 million persons were killed, seriously Today's Prayer Help us, eternal Lord, rightly to judge between that which passes ayvay and that which endures. Save us from the up to date U this takes from us that which is everlasting. Let not the changing fashions of thought and conduct obscure our vision of Thy word, which, remains forever, when all the latest passes away. O Thou W,ho changes! not, abide with us; irj Jesus' name. Amen. —Conrad Bergendoff, N.Y.C., executive secretary, Board of Theological Education, The Lutheran Church in America. (C 1863 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) wounded, mained or lost all their possessions in the holocaust of World War II. A people who have undergone such great suffering are more apprehensive about another war than are the American people, particularly since in the two world wars the territory of the United States was not bombed or devastated. Public opinion in the Soviet Union today is unquestionably antiwar. Even a goverenment which wields dictatorial power is constantly fearful of an internal uprising. It is recalled that the Bolsheviks in 1917 had no organized military force but the Czar's army itself revolted. Every dictator remembers how quickly the uprising swept an autocratic government out of power overnight. ;;;• Ever since 1917 the, Russians have been fearful of war. In the 1920's, Russian foregin policy was geared to war prevention. In the 1930's Russia's diplomatic policy was to stay out of entangling alliances. Yet, when war was imminent in 1939, Stalin did make a pact with Hitler, but the basic purpose was to stay out of the war and profit afterward by the disruption of the countries that did go to war. By 1941 the Russians nevertheless had to enter World War II to defend themselves against Hitler's attack. Today, the passion of the Soviet scientists to gain superiority for the Soviets in the nuclear field has probably not abated, but Nikita Khrushchev is too smart a politician to believe that he could stay in power if he led his people to the brink of nuclear war. He knows that the allegedly high purposes of the communist ideology he has expounded could lose popular support.if the economic life of the country is impaired. Shortages of food create unrest and lack of opportunity stunts initiative. The simple fact is that the men in the Kremlin have more to gain nowadays by a course of peace than by war. Even with the best of intentions, however, the Khrushchev regime could bring on a war. For the Soviets are playing with fire all over the world. Billions of dollars that could be spent for really productive purposes are being used up in the clandestine operations of the "cold war" in Africa, in Southeast Asia and in Cuba and in other Latin American countries. (© 1063 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) can make him comprehend this as a fact. It doesn't make much difference, except to him, if he comprehends, unless of course there are so many who will not comprehend that no progress in the matter can be made. To comprehend, it is first necessary to be willing to comprehend. This is true in all learning. An unwilling student, for reasons of his own or for reasons bred into his personality, is inhibited until he can have the will to learn —at any age. We, in this experiment of life, are learning to live with acceptance of the earth. That is what democracy is all about. To keep as free an atmosphere as possible so that we may discover as much of truth as is available to man as a sensate, intellectual, and inquiring animal, and use all of that truth for as good a life as man can achieve. Certainly it is part of this experiment to discover if all men are equal in truth, to see if man is intelligent enough to accept that which is born to the earth as he is born to it. We are stopped in our progress by this rejection of some men because they are dark, stopped far short of the possibility of peace and the utilization of the goodness of the earth for the welfare of all her people. We cannot even discover if private enterprise is worth our faith if we cannot get past their barrier, let alone prove to the satisfaction of people who think deeply and who serve as leaders that communism is not worth their faith. All that our efforts have proved, in the grand American parade of achievement, is that white Americans live better than anyone else. This is a small proof of what? Of a limited ability, and of limited hearts and limited minds. We can do better than this. We can be noble, great, and good. We can inherit the earth even as we leave it a legacy. Without the lack of "comprehension" by many in our country, there would be no Birmingham. But this poison, this deadly rejection of a part of mankind, pervades our state and robs her of the only grandeur she had in a world which never before knew individual liberty on such a scale as we have described to all the world through the mouths of our orators. The world has known military might since the first cave man seized a club and fitted a stone at one end. She has known schemes, she has known governments, religions, philosophies, superstitions, and some truth. But we are her first intentional experiment in democracy. If we fail, who will try again? CASS LEIGHTY, Brighton Forum Writer s,Note Writer's names and ad- Uri'SNOH must be published with letters t<> the Headers Forum. Letters must' be concise (piierably not over 150 words). All areVubjuct to condensation. Drew Pearson THINK. WT I SHALL NEVEE. SEE AM ELEWA.NT LOVELY A6 Victor Riesel Valachi Once Labor Power WASHINGTON, D. C. - Self- confessed killer Joe Valachi was a power in a wheeling and dealing section of Eastern labor. He was part. of a combination w h i c h bought and sold union locals for anywhere from $2,000 to $50,000. At one point Valachi, the government's prize "pigeon," had "Cosa Nostra's" permission to move in on the juke box, restaurant and bar jurisdiction ranging north from New York City to Syracuse. Valachi and his band of hoodlums w.ould not have had to abandon their vast narcotics business. Control of the juke box union would have been just another money - making operation, and the weapon for terrorizing some 4,000 businessmen in Westchester ' County and perhaps another 10,000 up the line to Syracuse. Income from such a union would have been lucrative even for Valachi and his Manhattan Mafia, whose specialty was a multi - million dollar narcotics trade. Valachi and his partners figured that at the launching, even a small local of juke box and coin machine "salesmen," mechanics and operators (who would also be forced to join) would bring in $50,000 the first year in one reg- ion. This could be expanded to half a: million dollars by moving upstate as 'well. This phase of Valachi's activities has not been reported in the public prints. It was originally disclosed in 1958 by a small-time leader of a small local of launderette and coin machine workers. His name is Charles Lichtman, who must have been thought of as queen in some circles — for he persistently refused to permit the mobs to move in on his local. This was originally known as local 254 of the Laundry Employes Union, and later as the United Coin Machine Workers Union. Many times hoodlums JE r o m • locals in this juke box, bar and restaurant field attempted to force Lichtman to give up his union charter. Once one of his aides, who was pretty tough himself, was lured into a garage, hit on the head, knocked to the floor and kicked in the chest. Another time Lichtman was called to a "conference." He found the meeting room jammed with muscle men — and all the windows wide open. He got out fast. Later he learned the "hosts" were not fresh air fiends. Some one was scheduled to be thrown out the open windows. Lichtman made sure it was not he. Then, the attorney of a group of legitimate Westchester juke box owners and mechanics came to Lichtman. The lawyer asked the labor official to unionize members in Westchester County, so the hoods could not take over. Lichtman tried. But there was too much pushing and shoving. Finally Lichtman was told by a goon to get out or he "would get himself hurt." It was at this time that Joe Valachi appeared. He said to Lichtman that everything could be straightened out. All that was needed was a conference with the boys. This meeting was held, Lichtman later told,' Federal investigators. According to government .records, Lichtman went to a bar at 180 Street and Southern Blvd. in the Bronx. Some .of. the "Cosa Nostra' men were there. They gathered in a back room. They had the power to decide just what union would have jurisdiction over juke boxes in Westchester-— considered by many the wealthiest county in the U.S. Valachi and his combination never quite made it. The man who now is spilling everything was arrested on a narcotics charge and sentenced to. five years. <© 1983, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Kennedy Plan Nixed at Top WASHINGTON — Inside fact is that President Kennedy overruled his top space expert in announcing that the United States was ready to put a Russian- American team on the moon. The experts were so vigorous in arguing that cooperation was impossible and so sure they had JFK on their side that two top space executives went out on a limb against the idea within haul's before the president made his historic moon - cooperation proposal. They were: Dr. Robert Gilruth, head of the space center in Houston, Texas, who three days before the president's UN speech flatly and publicly stated the joint cooperation with Russia was incredible. James Webb, director of the National Space Agency, who one Hay before JFK's speech poured cold water on a joint moon project before a St. Louis audience. He said frankly that the United States was interested in "t li e military uses of outer space." Twenty - four hours later, Jimmy's chief in the White House pulled the rug right out from under him on two counts: N.o. 1, he accepted the Gromyko' idea of banning nuclear weapons from outer space. No. 2, he proposed joint US- USSR cooperation in sending a man to the moon. Space Politics Most people don't know it, of course, but Jimmy Webb, the delightful and energetic director of NASA, has never had the complete confidence of the White House. Jimmy was hand - picked as space director by the late Sen. Bob Kerr of Oklahoma, who, as chairman of the Space Committee, dominated Senate policy not only on oil and gas under ground but the outer air above ground. He picked Jimmy Webb for the space agency because Webb had been working for his own far flung Kerr-McGee oil and gas empire. It was this combination, with an assist from Lyndon Johnson and an especially strong assist from Rep. Albert Thomas, the Houston congressman, which piled up most of the space projects in Houston. With the moon project located in Houston, the congressman from Houston, who occupies a senior spot on the appropriations committee, made sure it got the money. This is the system followed In recent years by the U.S. Congress and is why so many military projects are located in the state of Georgia. The potent chairman of the Senate Armed Service Committee, Sen .Dick Russell, comes from Georgia; so does the chairman of the House Armed Services' Committee, Carl Vinson of Mil- Jedgeville. There is nothing unsound about the mind of Mr. Vinson, despite his 80 years. But the system is about as sound as some of the inmates of the big Georgia mental institution located in Milledgeville. One of the most significant points about JFK's UN speech was that he bucked the wrath of the senior and sometimes wrathy moguls of Congress by proposing the joint moon project with Russia:. For senior congressman A1 Thomas of Houston will bellow like a Texas steer at the idea of taking part of the moon project awtoy from Houston and putting it in Moscow. And senior Senator Dick Russell will also want to "cut down on the moon funds, because he doesn't favor any kind of international cooperation which might get away from his idea that war is inevitable. Thus the president really made a tougher decision than the Russians and the diplomats at the UN realized when he proposed the joint USA-USSR moon project. The reason he did so was his new strategy of pushing for peace: The belief that you have to build one success on top of another if the peace is to be won. He had scored one important international success with the test ban treaty. And he had the alternative of sitting still and letting the favorable atmosphere which It created slowly get nibbled away by the harpies; or of proposing new dramatic moves to strengthen the foundation for peace. CD 1963, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) A LTON E VENING T ELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press ^ The Audit Bureau of Circulation" Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $1£ a year by mail in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. , Local advertising rates and National advertising repra- conlracl information on application at Telegraph business office, in East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. sentatlve: The Branh'^m Company, New York, Qhioa- go, Detroit, and Sfc, Louis. * / What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 26, 1938 Daniel Willard, president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, passed through Alton on his annual inspection over the system. The special train consisted of six cars, occupied by Willard and railroad executives from St. Louis and Chicago. Crowds of people gathered along East Broadway to observe work of the "skimmer", removing old brick-on- ooncrete pavement preliminary to widening and repav- ing. Ingersoll School, three miles south of Shipman, reconvened after a two-day vacation farced by (wo swarms of honey bees in the building. Harold Boggess, baritone, who had performed in concerts in the United States, and iiis father, Newton Boggews, were scheduled to present a concert at First Presbyterian Church. The tether, music store proprietor here, was the organist at the church. Another Alton vocalist, who had been studying voice abroad for a year, Leonard Stockcr, was expected to return to the United States within a month. War threats in Europe had forced StocktT to cancel his plans to remain in Paris, where he had sung in the American Cathedral, after a successful appearance in The Hague. His regular accompanist, a Jew, wus to have joined Stockcr in the capital, but had been prohibited from k'aviug Vienna, following the Na/.i putsch in the city. The first two of six play schools were ready to open at Northside Playground building, formerly the Wheatley School, and at Hellning Playground. The schools would be open for children, 3 to 6 years, fret; of charge, from 9 to 11:30 a.m. daily Albert Reader of Hettick was named president of the Little Eight athletic conference which readmitted Scottville, and set Brighton as tho site for the next basketball tournament. Eldon Bauer, son of Mr. and Mrs. Albert Bauer, Bunker Hill, withdrew as a graduate student from the University of Illinois, to accept a scholarship from the University of Iowa. A McKendree College graduate, he hud maintained a straight "A" record for four years. 50 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 28, 1018 Many farmers of the area who had apple orchards were coming to Alton to purchase barrels for the storage of cider. Some were coming from extended distances. Dealers said the demand for barrels was unusually large and it appeared an immense amount of cider was in prospect. Mayor J. C. Faulstidi, who recently announced plans to. go back into the tobacco business, said he would open a store and factory in the Temple Theater building. He had formerly operated a prosperous cigar store, The C&A Railroad had completed a big excavating job so it could eliminate a rather sharp curve in HH (racks northeast of 16th and Alby Street, adjacent to Reliance quarry. An embankment about 40 feet high had been sheared away, and about 16,500 cubic yards of earth had been moved. .' • > l Despite the loss of 120 tuition pupils, Alton public school enrollment now showed a gain of 78 over the total at the corresponding date a year previous. Enrollment was now 3,004. Louis L'EpJattenier: was expanding his Iruit and vegetable business. He,had opened a second store on K. 2nd Street which wus to be a wholesale department. L'Eplattenier had just imported from Switzerland a 400- pound cheese. It was almost three feet in diameter and was believed the biggest ever displayed here. Alton boarding houses were filled to capacity by incoming industrial, workers who were unable, to find small homes for rent. Alton High School football prospcctH were boosted by (he return to school hero of Fred Alexander, star tackle of its I'm gridiron HMINOII. (Jeornc Smith, prominent Ka«t Alton property owner, had ol/wwj nm vlllmiu council a new proposal {or providing a pcdffNtrlun pathway to (ho AG&81L interurban station. Ik offttrod to provide the path for JU85 providing the villajft- InjMtai-H would rclwiw; eight ucres of his ad- Ja<«nt land IKUH the vljlatji; corporate limits. A majority of tho truNlw« wen; imported to favor thu proposal. An IX year old dau«hUT ol Mr. and Mrs. William Alcxun<l«r was brushed down by an automobile at State and Madiwm Avenue when on her way to school, but escaped with minor bruises. Apple shipments from Calhoun County were nearing a peak. Four packets which landed here in the forenoon carried a total of Jl.OQO barrels, .

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