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EDIT0R1AL- Russian Experts Are Needed in Washington Real knowledge and understanding of the Soviet Union is not something so many Americans are endowed with that we can afford to waste even a small measure of it. Consequently it has always seemed unfortunate that the very considerable expertness of Charles E. Bohlen in Soviet affairs was not being put to use in the years 195759. He has been serving in Manila as U.S. ambassador to the Philippines. Bohlen, did, of course, have more than four years of duty as ambassador to the Soviet Union, and other years within the State Department as a Russian expert But when he was shifted to Manila, it looked almost like banishment. Bohlen has his enemies in Congress. He was present at Yalta in 1<M5 when the late President Roosevelt negotiated agreements with Russia which some now call "betrayals." The move to Manila often was interpreted as an effort by the late Secretary of State Dulles to appease Congress. Since then, however, Bohlen's associates have said he wanted a transfer after long service in Moscow's restrictive atmosphere. Yet it is felt he would have liked a more sensitive Cold War listening Timtt Herald, Carroll, la. 4% Tuesday, Sept. 29, 19S9 ^ post, say Vienna, instead of distant Manila. Now Bohlen is being recalled to Washington to become a special adviser to Secretary of State Herter. Sen. Styles Bridges of New Hampshire, one of his avowed adversaries, says the State Department has assured him Bohlen will not become "the" principal adviser on Soviet affairs, but only one of several. Let that be as it may. The important thing, from the viewpoint of the government and the nation, is that Bohlen's deeply ingrained talents and experience in the Russian field will once again be put to fullest use. This is no time for a Russian expert of ours to be filing his nails in an outpost. His new job does not require Senate confirmation, so in October he can get right to work without having to run the gantlet of Congress again as he did in 1952. Thoughts Jesus answered them. Do you now believe? — John 16:31. AH the scholastic scaffolding falls, as a ruined edifice, before one single word — Faith. — Napoleon Bonaparte. Khrushchev Swings Wide At Pitches By Reporters BY PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — (NEA) —Two key questions asked of Russia's Chairman Nikita Khrushchev at his National Press Club speech and interview were either misunder- Mood or misinterpreted. The revealing result was that misleading answers may have been given, possibly by accident, perhaps deliberately. First and most important question was "Mr. Chairman, can you summarize for us— "In your speech today, have you offered any specifically new proposals that have not been put forward before for easing world tensions'.'" In the speech Khrushchev had mentioned that he wanted to reach agreement with the United States on "easement of international tensions and abolition of the cold war, disarmament, a peace treaty with Germany, world trade and improvement of relations between our two countries." It sounded like the same old, tired Communist slogans. There was a chance here for the number one Russian to say that he had brought some new offers to America. But for some reason or other, he clucked it completely. "Well, one cannot think up new proolems," Khrushchev replied. "We must first settle the problems that have already arisen and arc ripe for solution. And we should not divert ourselves to discussing or considering secondary questions until the fundamental ones have been settled. Therefore, I would agree if someone were to say that 1 did not put forward any new questions in my speech. But as they say, 'repetition is the mother of knowledge.'" There was at first some belief that Oleg Troyanovski. who trans lated the English question into Russian might have mistranslated word "proposals" in the reporter's query into the word "questions" which Chairman Khrushchev used in his answer. But U.S. Slate Department interpreters who were present confirmed that the translation was correct. Khrushchev apparently chose deliberately to answer that he has no n«w questions to bring up — only the old ones. The second query which did not get a full answer from Chairman Khrushchev related to increased U.S.-U.S.S.R. trade: "What particularly do you want to buy from us and what particularly do you wish to sell us?" American interpreters again confirm that the question was correctly translated into Russian. But Chairman Khrushchev chose deliberately not to answer the question directly, though this was a golden opportunity. His full reply is too long to repeat here, but the substance of it was that Russia did not come here "begging for something from Uncle Sam." Russia could produce anything the U.S. could produce and on some things had produced them first. No one from the Soviet ministry of foreign trade had been included in his party, said Khrushchev. But if there was any desire to conduct negotiations, they would be forthcoming. In this connection it should be remembered that when Russia's first deputy chairman. Anastas Mi- yokan, came to the United States in January, he had a trade talk with Undersecretary of State C. Douglas Dillon. Mikoyan, who is in overall charge of Russia's trade programs, got no satisfaction in his pitch for trade credits and this could be Khrush- Spotlight on Agriculture By HERB PLAMBECK SIOUX CITY - Plowmen and politicians had a field day up in northwest Iowa at the Soil Conservation Day and State Plowing Matches last weekend. Some 12,000 persons came to watch the show and saw dozens of demonstrations on how to nail down the top soil. FARM OWNER ED BEEM, an ardent conservationist, looked over the sea of faces, saw the planes and helicopters overhead, noted the hundreds of thou sands of dollars worth of e q u i pment on display, and took a glance at PlambecK, the terrac i n g, gully control and other conservation work, and said, "What we're doing here in northwest Iowa today in saving soil will benefit millions all the way from here to New Orleans. SENATOR SYMINGTON, as expected, lashed out against Secretary Benson on the farm program, asserting that the Administration 's program of lower supports is not reducing production and that all other facets of the economy are being supported more than agriculture. Interior Secretary Scaton, as expected, defended the Administration's farm and foreign programs. Seaton called for less panic and more confidence in our Government 's approach to tough international problems. LEVEL LAND WINNERS in the state match were: Richard Davitt, young Warren county farmer, who became the new state champion and will represent Iowa in next year's national contest; George Megan, of Butler county, was second; H. M. Boersma, of Sioux county, third; Fritz Dittmer, of Bremer county, fourth; and Lawrence Huber, of Greene county, the 1958 champion, was fifth. THE CONTOUR CONTEST saw Art Raisch of Franklin County retaining his state championship against a field of nine strong competitors. Art used an 8- year-old plow to win the right to represent Iowa in the 1960 National Contest in South Dakota. John Hartwick, Clayton County, drove 340 miles to compete and take second place. Elmer Hibma, Osceola; Jerry Jensen. Cherokee; and Clem Birney, Crawford County, were others in the top five. Neil Irwin, Sac City dairy farm e r, placed eighth in the contour division. * * * THE PROGRESS OF AGRICULTURE was never more dramatically portrayed than it was in Iowa last week. In addition to the significant international farm observations made by Russia's Premier Khrushchev, and the plowing matches, the Farm Progress Show at Clarence gave more than 200,000 visitors a picture of today's modern agriculture . . . and a preview of what we can expect tomorrow. EMPHASIS ON AUTOMA- MATION and other time and labor saving practices was seen on every side. Feed conveyors and blowers were carefully noted. Feed chop p e r s were in constant action. Surface silos were filled. New developments in livestock management were stressed. OLD TIMERS found it hard to believe their eyes as they saw pig parlors, pole barns, helicopters overhead, and then watched dryers, pickers, shelters, stump removers, and huge tractors with power steering, etc.. and much else in action. Ninety-four-old Ann Kniese, of West Branch, said to me, "I'd say this show represents fabulous changes from when I was a little girl." + * * KHRUSHCHEV'S HISTORIC VISIT to Iowa is over now. Those of us who followed the strange man from Moscow on his whirlwind tour of industries and cornfields are still a little numb. The millions of words used to describe the visit are but a small part of the total time, energy, and expense involved in the Soviet leader's stop here. We can only hope that some good was done prcpa- tory to the Camp David talks with President Eisenhower this past weekend. MASS BEDLAM PREVAILED during the Red leader's stay. The crush of newsmen around him and the multitude of activities and items on his schedule defy description. The Soviet boss took it all in stride, repeatedly assuring his Iowa hosts he and his family appreciated the warmth of Iowa hospitality. ONCE I STOOD BESIDE him. It was during his tour of the Des Moines Packing Plant. I was close enough to hear his every Russian word and to note the wart alongside his nose on his round, rotund face. I stood next to him and Ambassador" Lodge when both were handed a mustard-covered frankfurter, and when Mr. 'K", having half finished his and noting Lodge had barely started, said, "We are now engaged in the free competition I was telling you about." THE ROLY-POLY USSR CHIEF had. obviously, looked forward to his Iowa visit. He responded to Governor Loveless' welcome by referring to "Kukerosa," the Russian word for corn, in his opening statement. The Red leader must achieve higher food production for the Russian people. He knows Iowa leads the world, and he was here to have a look to see how we do It. IN HIS SPEECHES HERE the Soviet Chief was described more humble than anywhere on his journey. He admitted we have the Russians beat in farming, though he was quick to point out they are planning to catch up by 1965. SUMMARIZING THE TOUR. Chuck Hearst, Cedar Falls farmer with whom I traveled in Russia when our group were the first Americans to pierce the Iron Curtain, said to me after Khrushchev's Des Moines speech, "I think we are edging a little closer to agreement. It's slow, but it's encour aging. Anyway, let 's keep talking instead of shooting." COUNT LESS EXCITING THINGS happened during Mr. K's visit to "Garstvllle" and other Carroll County points, but the most amusing thing for me was when two Coon Rapids farm girls, Vida and Vickie Peterson, twins, out-sllckered a lot of city slickers when they sold 200 ears of corn for a cool 50 cents each. Parleying about $2 worth of corn into a $100 profit is a neat capitalists trick, especially with the world's top Communist doing the crowd-getting for the girls. Forrest Hedges, a farmer between Bayard and Bagley also did OK. I'm told an eastern newsman gave him a $20 bill for the use of Hedges' pickup truck for five minutes, * * * CORN AT $1.49 PER BUSHEL is the goal of the National Farmers Organization. In a recent meeting, the NFO agreed on $1.49 as a fair market price for farmers on No. 3 corn or better. At the same gathering the group set a price of $2.56 for No. 2 grade soybeans as the market figure for the bean crop. PRESIDENT OREN STAL E Y, of Rea, Missouri says the NFO hopes farmers will band together and stick together in this project. "We are advising all our members to hold for these prices and are urging non-members to do the same," Staley said. THE NFO is recommending a 4- point plan to obtain what they call "a just price." 1. Store as many bushels of the '59 crop as possible. 2. Obtain government loans or purchase agreements. 3. Do not sell for less than the prices set by NFO. 4. Plan to reseal again in the fall of 1960. LOUD CHEERS came from the throats of some 400 county grain committeemen when Staley said, "AH it takes to get the job done is determination. You have more power in your hands than indus try and labor put together." Kan sas, Nebraska, Missouri, and Iowa were represented. HOGS AT $19.60 PER CWT is another NFO goal. Plans are for a holding action on hogs, to be an nounced soon. With prices now in the $14 area or less, the $19.60 tl gure sounds awfully good. Only trouble is porkers have a habit of continuing to eat, and packing on more and more pounds, while being "held." MOST FARMERS are skeptical about the NFO goals being achieved, though most of them agree if farmers would and could stick together, some of the organization's objectives could be gained on non- perishables like grain. NFO CHAIRMAN in Carroll County is Wilber Neumayer, Route No. 2, Carroll. * * * THE DAIRY CATTLE CONGRESS will get underway this weekend with 4 -H, FFA, and other judging contests as curtain raisers. Next week the nation's finest dairy cattle in all six breeds will be on display at the Waterloo event. 1960 IMPERIAL ... In redesigning the Imperial for 1960, inside and out. stylists gave special attention to passenger comfort. Seat cushions are padded with up to six inches of foam rubber and there is ample head room and leg room despite the car's low silhouette. The Imperial Custom four-door Southampton, shown above, features flashing new exterior styling, a massive new prestige grille and new roof styling. Imperials will be seen In dealer showrooms from coast to coast on October 2. Successful Grandparents Feel They're Being Used chev's reason for ducking the question. Vice President Nixon, Sen. Hubert Humphrey. ex-Gov. Averell Harriman and other Americans who have visited Russia this year have also brought back reports that that the trade issue was something of a phony. Chairman Khrushchev distorted answer to a great question in Washington seems to confirm the idea. There was one other Khrushchev ! answer that is not at all satisfactory. The question was: "How do you justify Russian armed interference in Hungary?" The answer, delivered with considerable heat and fist waving, was to the effect that this question should be swept under the rug and forgotten because all is peaceful there now. Scarcely anyone in America will accept that This was Khrushchev's third strike. The score: he struck out. Not long ago I wrote a column giving a few hints on how to be a successful grandparent. Now grandparents from all over the country are writing me sizzling letters. It seems 1 stirred up a hornet's nest by that innocent little column. "Who wants to be a successful grandparent?" asks my readers. And then they go on to tell me why they aren't interested in the role. They feel that if they make an effort to be "good grandparents" they'll just be used by selfish young Daily Times Herald DaUy Except Sundays and Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 515 N. Main Street Carroll, Iowa JAMES W. WILSON. Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered as second-class matter at the post offtco at Carroll. Iowa, under the act of March 3, 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press U entitled exclusively to the use for republication ot all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches; Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week I M »Y MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoin- ins Counties, per year,•••••• 112 .00 Per Month ..... T U0 Outside of Carroll and Adjoin- ins Counties In Zone* 1 and 2, per year ______115 .00 Per Month ... ..• « 1.78 All Other Mall In the United States, per ™»» aionn Per Month * 2 .00 parents who want to push their kids off on them. "Why should 1 spend my life being an unpaid baby sitter, who is taken for granted and imposed upon, when 1 can spend my time doing the things I never had time to do when I was rearing my own family?" asks one grandmother. "There are too many grandmothers today bringing up a second family so 'Mama' can hold down a job to pay for luxuries the grandmother never had and never will have," writes another v "Once our children * are grown and married, our duty is to ourselves, not to our children's children," says one grandmother who has gone back to school and intends to spend her leisure years in becoming a better educated person. "That way maybe my children and grandchildren will respect me." she says. And she adds, "I don't see the old folks who are spending their lives being helpful grandparents getting much love and respect, either from their children or their grandchildren." That's the way a lot of today's grandparents feel about being grandparents. They've got a perfect right to do as they please. But I can't help feeling sorry for the kids whose grandparents don't want or intend to devote much lime to being grandparents. For a grandparent can be such a special person to a child. (All Kights Keserved, NEA Service, Inc.) * DR. JORDAN SAYS * By EDWIN P JORDAN. M.D., Written ft NBA ftrvlct Cork Between Teeth May Stop Air-Swallowing Habit SO THEY SAY You get something thrown at you almost every night. They come' from roofs and doorways. You don't see anybody. But the kids stand i off and jeer. They make fun of 1 you. There you are, out there try-1 ing to do a job, and the kids are laughing and jeering at you. It makes you feel pretty funny sometimes. — Patrolman Richard Ware, 22, New York police rookie. it's time Americans stopped penalizing teachers because of their willingness to serve and begin to pay them decent salaries. — Welfare Secretary Arthur S. Flemming. 'MAKEfRIENOS When a parent calls a child or teen-ager to the telephone the response should be "Thank you" and not an unmannerly "Okay," The complaint brought up by today's first inquirer is not dangerous to life, but it is common and often causes considerable mortification. Q — Several doctors have told me that 1 swallow air and that this bad habit cannot be corrected. This causes belching and much distress Have you any suggestions? -Mrs. N. A — Air swallowing is generally classed as a nervous habit and is done subconsciously. It seems likely that most air swallowing is done after meals. It is not possible to swallow air with the mouth open and this leads to a suggestion which I have made before—and about which 1 have been kidded a bit—namely to place a soft object such as a cork between the teeth for 20 minutes or so after meals. 1 can't see how this could do any harm and it might serve to help break the habit. Q — Recently I have noticed that when 1 go outside in the cold, my middle finger on the left hand becomes cold, numb and turns white. Could this be serious? — Mrs. W. A — This sounds like a blood vessel disorder known as Ray naud's disease. I think you should have careful studies of the blood circulation in your hands and feet. Q — My granddaughter has mor- phea. She is 14 years old. Can you tell me about it? •— Mrs. T. A — This is a kind of skin disease in which there is a localized area of the skin which is firm and bound down to the tissue beneath. Its cause is unknown, but the outlook is pretty good, since spontaneous recovery often occurs. The treatment should be prescribed by a skin specialist, but often includes massage and the administration of vitamin B. Q — Would you please say something about the disease called por phyria? — Mrs. E. K. A — This is au Interesting disorder described as a constitutional fault or inborn error. It is an inherited condition but not a common one. The most characteristic symptom is extreme sensitivity to sunlight, often with the appearance of blisters. So far as this symptom is concerned the treatment is protection from light. However, other symptoms may be present and the treatment frequently involves other measures which are highly complicated. Q — I have hyper-lnsullnism and my doctor has advised me not to take more than one cocktail. Why is this? — V. A — The suggestion sounds like a good precaution, since alcohol might make your symptoms worse. There are several causes possible, and you will probably have to be studied carefully over a considerable period of time. Remember Way Bock When Nineteen Nine— The Carroll High School football team will play with Harlan Saturday, October 2, in Minchen 's Park. Game time is 2:30 p.m. Nineteen Nine- Peter Hanson of East Richland township has installed a fine heating plant and also put lightning rods on his fine residence. Nineteen Nine- Bids will be opened at 2:30 p.m. on Saturday, October 2, for the construction of a drainage ditch in the southeast corner of Sections 21, 84 and 35. Nineteen Nine— A petition to the town council of Lanesboro was circulated recently asking them not to allow a pool hall to be started in the town. Some people think that a pool hall will not add anything to the moral standing of the community. There are 1,751 daily newspapers in the U.S., 98 daily newspapers in Canada. Combined circulation of these newspapers is 62,000,000 copies every day. One of the greatest appeals of the daily newspaper is due to the fact that each one is written and edited with its-own community in mind. Q — What poem written by a youth of 17 is said to be America's first great poetic work? A — Thanatopsis by William Cullen Bryant. Q — What is the origin of the expression "The Real McCoy?" A — It alludes to a boxer in the 1890s known as "Kid McCoy." So many people imitated his style that boxing enthusiasts became angry and would raise the cry that they wanted "the real McCoy" and not some imitator. Q — Who originated a series of simple physical exercises known as the daily dozen? A — The great football coach Walter Camp, in 1921. Q — Is the blubber of the whale edible? A — Yes. Eskimos eat a great deal of blubber. The large percentage of fat in blubber makes it an excellent food for producing warmth and energy. * YOUR POCKETBOOK * Myth of Food Processing Skyrocket Fizzles Out Cub Scout Den Mothers Have Meeting (Timet Hrratd News Service) LAKE VIEW - Woman's Club representative Mrs. Don Tischer is in charge of the Cub Scout program this year. Mrs. Tischer held a meeting and coffee for the Den Mothers Friday morning. The dens will be led by the following this year: Mrs. Charles Brown, Mrs. Charles Maynard and Mrs. Everett Ellwangcr, <Mrs. Allen, and Mrs. B. J. Blackman, Mrs. Don Tischer and Mrs. M. W. Lilie. The first fall pack potluck supper will be Sept. 28 at the Municipal building. Theme for October is "Aesop's Fables". Dens will meet Oct. 5. Herb Onstot is cub master. The QOD birthday club met Wednesday evening with Mrs. Ross Irwin as hostess. The club brought her a birthday cake and a gift. Games were played during the evening with prizes going to Mrs. Floyd Kruchten, Mrs. Ernie Swanson. Mrs. Merrill Thorpe, Gladys Swieter and Mrs. Henry Elias. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Gantz were hosts to the Evening Contract Club at their home Thursday. The group met at the Frozen for dinner before going to the Gantz home for cards. Prizes were awarded to Mrs. Vincent O'Brien and Mrs. Robert Deur. Mrs. Albert Kluver entertained the Rest Club at her home Wednesday. The group played 7-Up. Mrs. Frank Schmidt, Mrs. Sherman Higgins and Mrs. Jim Peters won prizes. Mrs. Howard Kettering will be the next hostess. Circle No. 1 of the F.C.C.W. met at the Congregational Church at Thrifty and Quick Please a little lassie with this cap n' mitten bet. A beauty In long double erochet with crocheted blossoms sewn on. You enn crochet this pretty outfit quickly! Mommy! Pattern 7147: directions (or 4-6; 8-10 year sizes Included in pattern. Send Thirty-five cents (coins) each pattern for lst-class mailing. Send to Dally Times Herald, 235 Household Arts Dept., Box X68 Old Chelsea Station, New York, ll N.Y. Print plainly NAMi:. AD- DHKSS, ZONE, rATTERN NUMBER. JUST OUT! Our New 1960 Alice Brooks Needlecraft Book contains THREE FREE Patterns. Plus IdeaB galore for home furnishings, fashions, gifts, toys, bazaar sellers—exciting unusual designs to crochet, knit, sew, embroider, huck weave, quilt. Be with the newest — send 35 cents nowl By FAYE HENLE If you've spent a decade hurrying food from the supermarket through the kitchen and onto the dinner table, you are apt to consider yourself a pro on the subject. You may concede you'll never win a blue ribbon, but you'll contest any challenge to your knowledge of prices. If this is so—beware. In the current issue of the First National City Bank's monthly letter, along with observation and comment on business conditions and matters of deep economic import, are messages to the housewife, her husband and to the taxpayer. I'd like to share these with you. To the housewife who has just defrosted a delicacy and received a lecture on spendthrifts who buy frozen food, here is your ammunition: The letter reports that the Department of Agriculture surveyed 52 unserviccd and 52 serviced foods only to discover that 28 highly processed items cost more, six items cost the same and 18 foods cost less. For example, shelled and fro- 9:30 Thursday morning for their regular meeting. Mrs. W. J. Nichols and Mrs. Leo Miller were hostesses. Mrs. Catherine Nelson was elected secretary-treasurer. A report was given on the recent cake walk; and the program for the year was discussed. Californians Are Visiting ifi Vail Area (TlmPft Herald News Service) VAIL — Mr. and Mrs. Paul Hannah, Anaheim, Calif., arc visiting at the homes of Mr. and Mrs. Will Van Dusen and Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Rasmussen. Mr. and Mrs. James Gallagher and family returned to Waterloo Saturday after a visit here with Mr. Gallagher's parents, Mr. and Mrs. V. J. Gallagher and Joe. Mr. and Mrs. John Flanagan and children, Omaha, spent the weekend here with Mrs. Flanagan's mother Mrs. Floyd Crampton and daughter Sharon. • Mr. and Mrs. LeRoy Gallagher, Sanborn, spent the weekend here with his mother Mrs. P. E. Gallagher. Mrs. Carlton Ulshefer and daughter. Battle Creek, visited Monday with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Powers and family. Mr. and Mrs. John Kock and family attended the Mau family reunion at Sutherland Sunday. Mrs. Floss Lemkc of Salem, Ore., visited over the weekend here with her aunt, Mrs. Rose Crampton and family and with other relatives. Mrs. Lemcke is spending the winter with her daughter, Marie, in Omaha. Charles Brogan, who is attending the University of Nebraska, spent the weekend here with his parents Mr. and Mrs. Matt Brogan and family. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Wiese and family, Omaha, spent the weekend here visiting his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Detlef Wiese and family. Mr. and Mrs. John Epson, Cedar Rapids, visited recently with Mrs. Espon's sister, Mrs. Viola Crampton. Mrs* ScKoessler Is Guild President (Times Herald Newi Sen I re > WESTSIDE - Womens Guild of the United Church of Christ met Thursday afternoon in the church parlors with Mrs. Willis Peterson as hostess. Election of two new officers was held. Mrs. Art Schoessler was elected president and Mrs. Irwin Thiedeman, treasurer. Mr. and Mrs. William Stoelk attended the Gerdes family reunion Sunday at the community building in Wall Lake. Mr. and Mrs. Clayton Dohse and family and Mrs. Alice Dohse returned home Saturday evening after a 10-day visit with relatives at Boise. Idaho, and other points of interest. Joe Trexel of Sioux City was an over-night guest in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Art Elias. Mrs. Angie Maynard had as her birthday guests Friday eveni n g Mrs. Henry Wilken, Mrs. Otto Vetter, Mrs- Sears Polcske, Mrs. Fred Lohrman and Mr. and Mrs. Henry Kroeger. Robert Wiebers left Friday morning for Bookings, S.D., where he is a junior at South Dakota Slate College. After a costly honeymoon it's harder for the couple to settle up than down. zen shrimp, chopped and frozen spinach, concentrated orange juice and instant tea cost less than the unprocessed. The explanation: "Processing in some cases gives food longer life, shrinks bulk, prevents waste, cuts costs of shipping, handling and storage . . , Moreover, servicing increases demand for some foods and the greater volume permits lower , prices." To the husband: I trust you are satisfied now that the use of processed and prepared foods js no longer a major factor in the increase in the family food bill. Specifically, for every $100 spent for groceries only 61 cents goes for "built-in maid service." What then has pushed retail food prices up 20 per cent between 1947-49 and 1958, while farm prices declined by 8 per cent? The traditional answer has been "Middlemen's profiteering." With cold statistics, the bakers disprove this. They report that except for meat packing, which is unchanged, every category of middleman showed a smaller profit margin in 1958 than in 1949. For retail grocery chains the profit-per-dollar of'sales dropped from 1.6 to 1.4 For dairy products it slipped to 2.6 pennies per dollar of sales from 3.2. For bakers the decline was more drastic, from 5.2 to 3.2 per cent and for other food products, the drop reported was from 4.8 to 4.2 per cent. Away with the "middlem a n" theory. Instead, Agriculture Department figures prove that it is the cost of moving crops from the farm to your home that has caused the major portion of food price increases. The annual cost of a family's typical market basket rose from $940 in 1947-49 to $1,065 last year, a $125 increase. Yet, the farm-retail spread in the period rose by $164, with $84 going to higher labor costs, $44 for larger business expenses, $27 for increased costs of rail and truck transportation and $8 to steeper corporate taxes, with $1, the after-tax profit of processors and distributors. Sums up the astute bank letter: "In any consideration of food prices, the cost of federal farm programs must be noted. For these the citizen pays in two ways. He pays in higher prices for food. He pays again in federal taxes. These are a real part of the grocery bill even though they don't show upon the tape at the supermarket." Week's Sewing Buy Printed Pattern 9097 sizes 10-20 In/ in*»i<*1fl*tfM« Jumper with companion blouse) for dav; dress by Itself for dates. Anv \v;iy you wear this versatile st vie—u B figure flattering. Make several versions in cotton, rayon. Kcisy sewing for beginners. Tomorrow's pattern: Half-sUer. 1'Hmed Pattern 91K)7: Missus' St/.et to, 12, 14. Hi, is, yu, Size 16 Jumper yards :i9-lneh. Printed directions on each pattern part, h'asler, accurate. Send Thirty-five eenl* (coins) for this pattern -- add 10 cents for each pattern for flvut-class mulling, Send to Murlan Martin., Dully Times Herald, 25 Pattern Dept., 3 .1a West 18th St., New York 11. N.Y. Print plainly NAM*;, AWJUK8S with ZONK, SIZK and STVUB NUJ1BKB.