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A«4 Alton Evening Telegraph Wocinescta., August ?,0, 1D?j r Outmoded tests need updating Many questions and recommendations brought up in the report of the Justice Department's Dr. Lee Brown after his survey Of interracial tension here may still remain open to discussion. But one point certainly should be remedied — and remedied soon. Dr. Brown pointed the finger of blame at an ancient system of testing carried out for years by the Civil Service Commission. Even the commission, itself, cannot be blamed too heavily in this matter. It has been following procedures it and Its forebears were told were prescribed by law, for years. Dr. Brown, however, described the tests, employed by the commission in selecting policemen and firemen as antiquated — especially the written exams. He said similar examination forms had been ruled unconstitutional some years ago by the United States Supreme Court. Somebody, somewhere along the line, • What We think about... Minority recruitment study . . . Legal conflicts . .. should have advised the Civil Service Com- niissini!) of this ruling. Onl 1 possibility of such guidance — if the city's Corporation counsels from year to year failed ]o give it — would have been available from the professional staff the city's last human! relations commission asked for. Wcl say it would have been available if the human relations commission and its staff had undertaken the inquiry into the problem performed by Dr. Brown. Nokv, however, is the time to let the past join the past, and make the indicated new start. The City Council's recent action establishing a task force to recommend relief measures for our tension problems certainly will wjant to give this initial and intensive attention — if the Civil Service Commission hasn't already followed Dr. Brown's recommendation. Specifically, Dr. Brown described current testing of police patrolman candidates: "Alton has for number of years, and still does, purchase Its examinations from the Public Personnel Association in Chicago, 111. One of the test booklets in the series used dates back to 1956. "The exam, has not been formally validated with police performance, it is highly culturally biased, and it would most certainly be struck down by the courts based on the precedent of Griggs vs. Duke Power Co. case decided by the Supreme Court, and other similar cases since. "This developing body of law requires any written personnel selection device to be validated — it must measure what it purports to measure. The perspective of the law is from the civil rights vantage point. It seeks to discontinue the use of the general I.Q. type of testing where the effect of the test is to disproportionately exclude minorities due to inherent cultural bias in standard ability forms." Dr. Brown recommended that "this aspect of the selection procedure should be given top priority." As an added argument, for increased alertness in this area, we point out that Telegraph inquiries of the Public Personnel Association mentioned as the source of local tests indicates this organization would be happy to advise with the city — if it were only asked. We agree with Dr. Brown. Tax specialist idea good A plan to have a specialist in the field of tax law to represent all Madison County School Districts in controversial tax matters appears to have merit. Wilbur R. L. Trimpe, Superintendent of the Educational Service Region, indicated such an attorney may provide relief and eliminate the many conflicts of interest which exist when attorneys represent clients whose interests are opposed. For example, an attorney representing an industry should not be representing a taxing body. And, an attorney representing a school district, corresponding should not be advising the county clerk on how to proceed in assessing fees for collection of taxes from the taxing districts which, in turn, must be redistributed to other taxing bodies. The controversial nature of pending cases filed by Venice and Wood River Townships requires that they be given speedy attention by courts. Also, the legal profession should review its own approach to the best interests of clients and attorneys should take care not to be involved in conflicts of interest. A review of how attorneys determine whether cases are in conflict would be in order. Some obvious examples of potential conflict appear to exist. They damage not only the respect the community has for individual attorneys but also the credibility of public officials and taxing bodies. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY What YOU think: 'Quick, Henery—FlitF Jersey progress Our population Is over 10,000. A visitor to our city, will notice many new buildings, large new parking lots, beautiful, well-kept parks, the West Lake Country Club and golf course, Donor's Pool, a new municipal building, new industry, Radio WJBM, new shopping centers, and lots of lighting and other recently added Improvements. The first impression would most likely be that we have a nice, clean city, growing by leaps and bounds. Now, many property owners, some within eight or 10 blocks of Main street, do not have sewer facilities. Sink drains, cesspools, and raw sewage empty out on top of the ground and across neighboring yards. Surface water has no outlet and is allowed to stand and turn into unclean slush, especially during a wet season. Our city officials know this happens. They have seen it Part of our city government obstructs more civic-minded Other Tanyas Whatever the status of our social world, good or bad, it is so only because we are either moralists or knaves. It reflects your character. We can make this a good place in which to live only If we stand up for every little Tanya in the world. JACK BATTUELLO Rt. 1, Brighton and willing members' attempts to do anything to alleviate these unsanitary conditions. Residents pay for their own garbage pickup. There is no city dump, and many people have no trash or garbage pickup service at all. Dog and weed control are not enforced. Leaky water lines prevail. Curfew is just a six-letter word. But as I said, our parks are well kept. MRS. MILDRED SUMMERS, 406 Linden St., Jerseyville In line of duty Citizens of Grafton will mourn the loss of a splendid friend and neighbor. Randolph Burl Hill died from an apparent heart attack. Mr. Hill, head of the Graflon water department, was a part time policeman for many years. He and another officer pursued and captured three youths who had escaped from the Illinois Youth Commission at Pere Marquette State Park. Icn- mediatly after the arrest Mr. Hill collapsed and died. Mr. Hill will long be remembered by the citizens of Grafton. In the near future the citizens of Grafton should purchase an honorary plaque in memory of Randolph Burl Hill, gentleman, fine citizen, and a police officer who died in the line of duty. WILLIAM A. CRIVELLO, 349 Bluff St. Pothole landmark Last March a certain hole began to become bothersome to those who used Robert street, which runs south off Milton Road in Alton. During April it reached such proportions that whenever a car hit the hole, I shiviered within my house. During May a black and white striped barricade with an amber flasher appeared over the hole, and reduced the number of encounters. Early in June a sign bearing the legend, "Danger: Pipeline Crossing", was hung from the barricade. A street crew was repairing other defects, but overlooked the hole, perhaps because it did indeed look at though it might accommodate a pipeline. We moved from Alton, but returned July 4 to find the amber light still blinking strongly. We are planning a Labor Day visit, and will be disappointed if the hole is not there. We plan a group portrait of all the victims of the hole gathered lovingly around it, perhaps even in the act of installinig a length of pipe for the purpose of testing the depth of the water. MRS. JAMES B. VOILS, 538 W. Broadway Freeport, 111. What think: The Telegraph welcomi* prose expressions of its renti- ers' own opinions of Wlnit YOU think. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding 150 words, and are subject to condensation. Shriver seen as beautiful disaster LONDON — No newsman worthy of his police identity card can be homeward bourn! from the Continent without first having searched oat Sargent Shriver's French connections. 0 r without having conversed in out-of- the-way Parisian Left Bank and Soho restaurants here with those who worked closely with the Democratic Vice Presidential nominee when he was the swiftly moving What others say ... Happy solution In the constant battle between the environment and the economy — the two seem ever at odds — New York City Environmental Protection Administration yesterday announced a small victory. It unveiled the winner of its two-year-long litter basket design contest and, in the unveiling, noted that advertising space would be sold on each of the 60,000 trash containers to be stationed at street corners across the city. No thing of beauty perhaps, but immensely utilitarian, the winning design is a hexagonal, concrete container weighing an immodest 470 pounds. The E.P.A. describes it as "virtually destruction proof," in marked contrast with the old wiremesh containers which are constantly being bent out of shape, removed and otherwise disabled. Far from costing the city anything at all, the new litter containers are expected to generate a little revenue in the first year and, once they are all in place, as much as $5 million annually from the advertising space on their sides. In a sense, of course, the city has had concrete waste containers all along; they have merely been called streets and sidewalks. The real dividend from the new design will come from their use. And the city does have a way to encourage such use: Begin fining litter bugs. That might have the added virtue of increasing deposits in the new receptacles while adding to the deposits in the city coffers. — New York Times point to new enemy drive 1 J By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NEA) — The signs point to an all-out North Vietnamese drive this September. i Troop movements, prisoner interrogations, supply concentrations and captured documents point to simultaneous or rolling attacks on the outskirts of Saigon, at isolated points on the Mekong Delta, at Pleiku, An Loc and key points along the coast, with Hue and Da Nang the major coastal objectives. The drive on Saigon is calculated to be a thriller, with assaults from several sides. Reports are the major roads south out of Saigon will be cut (no difficult feat) and attempts will be made to keep these arteries closed at least intermittently. The bits and pieces of information add up to a series of attacks striking at the South Vietnamese at one point after another to find weak points for a breakthrough. Despite U.S. bombing and the mining of Haiphong harbor, the North Vietnamese have been able to move considerable supplies south during the past four months. The network of Ho Chi Minn "trails" through Laos is now so intricate, the roads so improved the tree cover so thick Hanoi is having marked success in sending what it needs into South Vietnam. The badly mauled North Vietnamese units are now almost entirely refurbished with recruits, equipment and supplies and reported about ready to go. New reports from the field indicate the invading armies were not as weakened in the initial drive a s was first officially reported. In the carnage of the first month, Hanoi threw green recruits to the front. Most of the deaths were among these. The experienced veterans were in the rear urging the young draftees on. Hanoi, with its police state methods, has had little trouble getting more recruits to replace these losses. Hanoi knows the Saigon army is short of men. Recruiting has been difficult. President Thieu has around four first-rate divisions. If the North Vietnamese armies can force these few units to spread themselves thin, then South Vietnam is in for even worse trouble. The indications are this September drive is intended to bring the Paris negotiations to a head in October, at which time, Hanoi diplomats around the world have made clear, N o r t h Vietnam expects President Nixon to come to terms. The assaults are aimed at creating such marked hullabaloo in the middle of the Nixon-McGovern campaign that United States and world opinion will be swayed toward surrender at any price. The word these days for this type of campaign is television spectacular. But the campaign is more than that. The. Hanoi strategists have let it be known, time and again, that they believe they can chew up the smaller South Vietnamese army, destroy the base of South Vietnamese economic recovery and create sufficient confusion through the South to make possible Notable (motes It's quite strange to us. We are in a war and there !ht-y are talking nbout abortions and legalized pot. This Is not serious politics. —Official of the Thieu government in Soiuh Vietnam, commenting on the Democratic convention. the rebuilding of the North Vietnamese underground in key provinces. Hanoi believes Nixon will capitulate; but it is preparing for a long struggle to follow if he will not agree to the North Vietnamese terms. © 1972 by NEA, I "The little woman and I have booked passage to Australia for November 8th, just in case we don't like the outcome of the election!" American Ambassador to France. One of these, of the highest rank, said the other day: "Sarge is 'beautiful people' but as an administrator he was a disaster." He ran the embssy, tough and furious, as an outpost for his own not the clan Kennedy's, political interest. Ever since the '50s when he wanted to be governor of Illinois, he was wanted to be President of the U.S. And constantly he saw the elegant embassy and residence, there at the end of the Champs-Elseyes, as CPP beginning of his national political career. "Sarge," as everybody who knows him loves to call him, is intensely intellectual, Yale cum laude, and to the infinite degree shrewder and moo; strategically manipulative than George McGovern and the late Ambassador Joe Kennedy (his patron) blended. Shriver's political instinct, according to those who were under him in the ambassadorial years, is to play the youth, the ethnics, the black communities, the whole radical spectrum — but without understanding their fundamentals. For example, he would call on his aides to arrange for the rounds of an auto plant. Person-to-person sort of thing Calls would go out to the union and industry people. A visiting party would be arranged. He'd walk in thr> plant door — and dart away from the official party to shake hands with some assembly line worker or shop steward. All much to the annoyance of the French labor leaders who then would remonstrate with :he American Foreign Service officials. There are stories of h'-; visits to Lyons textile mills, Alsatian miners and fishermen in the little Marseille restaurants. Everybody loves to tell them. But when I was in Paris last March for swift coverage of stories which may soon shake the world's industrial fronts, there were those who asked why the embassy under Ambassador Shriver had done so little in his stewardship to expose the most brutal French connection of all — t h e Marseille narcotics Sicilian-Corsican syndicate which has done more to despoil central cities in America than any other force. Mind you, I was in Paris in March — long before Shriver was a potential President of the U.S. — as is any Vice Presidential nominee. No one blames "Sarge" for not concentratimj By Victor Riesel on the Marseille mob all the time — but some of the time would have been helpful. Yet this was a moment when the narcotics trade was so heavy, and so much of it was coming through France, instead of Western Germany as it is now, that it became an important part of the conversation between Presidents Nixon and Pompidou. This was just not his saucer of tea, though choking off this heroin flow would have done more for the proletariat back home than a thousand factory visits in France. I can recall some of us discussing this in a restaurant on the Champs not too far from the Etoile as someone pointed to several men goiw; upstairs to the restaurant's second - floor dining room. They were notorious Corisan racketters. But under Shriver it just wasn't that kind of embassy. He had a band of very youn? foreign service officers, bright indeed, who, in effect, would roam the corridors asking embassy officials to come up with chances for the Amb a s s a d o r to get somo visibility. There wore sudden calls from his office to his subordinates directing them to get prominent French personalities around to the residence for Friday night "debates." But always "Sarge" appeared to be intellectually chauvinistic. He would favor the left, and the left in France are the mix of successful and powerful Communists and left-wing Socialists. This created difficulties for the embassy's permanent staff. Constantly they were reproved by those who found it distasteful — and more — for the American Ambassador, gracious, charming though he and his wife Eunice are, to be cuddling the enemies of Guullism and capitalism. All this came at a very critical period. There had been an upheaval — a Frencii revolution in all but name — for six weeks during the late spring of 1968. Ambassador Shriver had not quite understood th neature of tre workers' revolt which actually threatened all French institution.'; with literal anarchy. Even the Communists momentarily lost control of their labor confederation, 't was a sensitive moment indeed. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago AUGUST 30, 1947 Aiter 20 years of publishing on Labor Day with a noon edition the Telegraph announced that no publication would be done on "this Labor Day." The decision, management announced, was forced by necessity of conserving white paper. Even mure drastic measures had been adopted earlier: elimination of all display advertising one day a week, and limiting all advertising on other days With the retirement of Lewis M. Carr on Sept. $0, a thread of unbroken service to the bank by his family would be severed after 111 years. There were, however, three others in the First National Bank employed who were of the same family, Samuel Wadif, George Ryrie, and Mrs. George Berry. Dr. Eber|ezer Marsh, grandfather of Carr's, was associated with the founding of three banks in Alton: Statif Bank of Illinois, Alton Marine and Fire Insurance Co., and the First National. The 111 years of direct service from the Marsh line \\as probably one of the longest records of any family havimg continuous connection with any business institution in the area, the next having an unbroken line being Alto|n Telegraph with 89 years of direct family cim- nectjion, beginning in 1858. The highest number of building projects was launched in the month of August more than in preyioui. years since 1940. '•Betsy". U.ivy Crockett's nfle and the uiily one recovered from the Alamo in 1830, was returned to Texas in formal ceremonies at Houston, to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas. Col. Jonathan Waimvright of the famed Bataan march, would place the rifle in its historic spot at the Texas museum. The firearm had passed through several hands into those of Col. W.F. Siogmund, and Olin Industries executive who made the gift available to Texas. Two great-grandsons of Crockett had made the identification as authentic. 50 years ago AUGUST 30, 1922 Republican leaders in Congress hastened to push llii.- adiiKjijitnitioii's coal distribution bill through after b.ing warned of efforts to restore by amendment jNirtic.ns that already had teen rejected. Among these portions was an original recommendation by President Harding for a national coal buying and distribution agency which the President had agreed to delete when it ran into major opposition. Meanwhile, Congress received an appeal from the railway maintenance-of-way employes for an amendment to the transportation act assuring rail employes of a "living wage." Organized labor here was planning a doubleheader celebration of Labor Day. A morning parade was to be followed by an all-afternoon-and-evening picnic at Rock Spring Park. Two cans of black powder were exploded on the Chicago & Alton tracks near the canal below Alton during the night. The blast did little damage. The explosives, whose force was mainly upward, were placed on top of the tracks. After requests by letter yielded only one third of what was needed, the Red Cross and Visiting NursL- Association undertook a limited campaign of direct solicitation. Thirty persons met at the headquarters to receive prospect cards. A shooting — in which the shots missed everybody — occurred at the Frohsinn dance hall when a brothel accompanying his sister objected to a stranger's accosting her. Police said an argument leJ up to the brother's slapping the accoster, who pulled a pistol shot wildly, and Ued. East Alton firemen raised an estimated $225 a; a street dance for funds to purchase a village fire truck. The Alton Automobile Club reported toads between here and Brighton were in favorable shape for reaching the Betsey Ann picnic.