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TUESDAY, JAfcUAftY J, 1950 ALTON 1V1N1NO TELEGRAPH Illinois Passes from Teen Ace . ~ To Maturity in 50 Years ».V K. ». LONG CHICAGO, Jan. 3. UP)—The last naif century has been a brlgh one In Illinois history.' No longer a ten-ager Just come to age, the state passed into a mature manhood Industrially and economically In the 50 years since 1900. In the reconstruction days after the Civil War Illinois eeased to be a frontier of land pioneers and became Instead a frontier of Industry, business, agriculture, transportation and Immigration. The growing paint were not always pleat- ant but the state made steady progress. Despite a severe depression In 1893, the world's Columbian Exposition symbolically Indicated a turning point for Chicago, Illinois and the entire midwest. Primarily an agricultural reglo. for the first third or so of Kt statehood, Illinois began to look more and more to Industry. And with the factories came Immigration. Peoples of Europe, led by the Germans, flocked to the state particularly to Chicago. But, by shortly after the turn of the century, the stream slowed down. Then began the assimilation and fusing together .process aiming toward a distinct midwestern-Illl- noli culture. Jn 1900 the population numbered more than 4,821,000 and by 1948 It was estimated there were approximately 8,348,000 residents, including 4,645,000 in the Chicago area. During the last 50 years prairie lands continued to dominate outside the Chicago area. Various crops and livestock unsuccessfully tried to challenge the leadership of corn. The huge corn' growth led to increasing high hog production and the farmers looked toward Chicago, making it the nation's meat packing center. However, faced with lower farm commodity prices during the depression of the thirties, farmers turned to soybeans. The Decatur area with its processing plants soon emerged as a world center of soybean production. Riches Under the Soil In the less richly endowed agri cultural land 'of the southern third of the state orchards continue to be an invaluable farm crop. But underneath the soil of southern Illinois are riches aplenty. The first Illinois coal mine was opened in 1811 in Jackson County. Today coal production is outranked only by West ( Virginia and Pennsylvania. Furthermore, it is believed that more undeveloped coal deposits exist in Illinois than in any other state. Silica in La Salle County, lead, zinc, fuller's earth, and fluorspar have added to the mineral wealth. The taking of oil from the earth began near Litchfield about 1882 but was unimportant until a boom In the southeastern section in 190810.' OH output declined for nearly 25 years thereafter, but then it boomed again and now the state ranks fourth in the nations production. The latest development started in 1936 with the center in the Salem field in Marlon County. There are believed to be further oil fields waiting to b£ tapped. One of the attributes of Illinois industry has always been diversification. Noe only in Chicago, but throughout the state, there 4* little dependency on one field of manufacturing or commerce. Chicago has long-been a steel center and the admitted "hog butcher of the world" but it has not been content with these. From the city's sprawling industrial region come myriad products. Thus, if the market slows in one line, plants are humming Iti another. At present Chicago has taken first place in productin of television aets with 12 major TV makers In the area providing' more than a third of the U. S. output. Machinery and electrical equipment manufacturing has increased rapidly In the last decade. All the World War II built plants In Chicago have been sold to private Industry and only one is not in use. South Wakes Up Industrially the rest of the state has not been idle. Major centers of farm machinery manufacturing lie in the Quad Cities area—distilling and machinery dominate in Peorla. However, In the southern section industry lagged, for many years after the turn of the century. Recently action has been taken to remedy this. Southern Illinois Inc., a booster'group, reports that in the past three < years an estimated 50 new plants have begun operation In southern Illinois and development of the vast recreational possibilities of the area has been speeded up. Even before 1900 It was apparent that Illinois, arfd particularly Chicago, was the hub of the continent, at least In transportation. Today more than 30 trunk lines make Chicago the world's largest railroad center. With the Increasing number of factories more and more people turned to Industry. Today three persons are employed In manufacturing to every one working on farms. Then too,, out of the turmoil of the last papt of the nineteenth century came an Illinois school of literature, a proud, revolutionary group of architects, and continually developing educational resources. In poetry the names of Edgar Lee Masters, Carl Sandburg, and Vachel Lindsay are world famous. The University of Chicago has pioneered In atomic research and new educational methods. The University of Illinois and Northwestern University has extended their Influence while the smaller schools have made • important contributions. There have been moments, of course, when disasters, labor trou- to a hopeful next 50 years, and two world wars have made the prospects a bit dark but the diversification of Illinois life, Its solid foundation, and its optimistic ability to turn to new fields point to hopeful next 50 years. New 9 Eve h Quiet At Bethatto 6th Quake In • Days In Manila MANILA, Jan. 3 (fl»>—The sixth earthquake in six days today rattled windows and caused bulld- ngs to sway in Manila but caused no damage. The government observatory said it was an aftershock of the triple quake of Dec. 29 which resulted in the deaths of- tive persons in northern Luzon island. Read Telegraph Want Adi BBTHALTO, ^an. 3 — (Special) Bethalto, (or the most part, had n tjulet New Year's eff and except for the "watches" at several churches and a few private parties:, "old 1949's" demise gave way to 1950 with just, n feW Hot too liutty "Auld Lang Synes" and the reports of several Rims fired at tho stroke of midnight. * Sunday nnd Monday, too, were quietly observed here and all stores and business houses were closed. Only the high school resumed its regular schedule and all teachers returned from the holiday vacation. WuMf.van QnIM t« Meet BETHALTO — 'Members of the Weslcyan Service" Guild will hold a regular meeting at the home of the president, Mrs. Violet Van Meter, on Spencer street, Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. The regular routine business will follow the devotions and the study period. Dinner Guest* In Alton BETHALTO — Mr. and Mrs. George Ellspermann were dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Smith In Alton Sunday evening. Following. a dinner, canasta was played. Bethnlfo Note* BETHALTO — Mr. and Mrs, Clyde Leonard, Mr, and Mrs. Floyd Ellspermann, and Di. and Mrs. John LeBlanc, with other members of a bowling team, spent New Year's eve at the Country Club in Ferguson, Mo. Mr.. and Mrs. Gordon Darr attended the old fashioned box social at Franklin Masonic Temple In Alton, Saturday night. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Schoppett returned Monday evening from a short wedding trip through the southern states. They will reside at the home of Mrs. Reka Schop- pett Gentry on North Prairie Mrs.BerthaWutzler Dies at Age of 84 Widow of Business Man Was Hurt in Fall Mrs. Bertlm Tonsor Wutzler, 84, widow of Herman A, Wutzlef, former Alton clothing merchant who was In business on East Kroadwny for a number of years, died Sunday nt 9:30 p. m. In Villa Terrace Convalescent Home. Mrs. Wutzler. whose home had been.in Long Beach, Calif., since 1924, came to Alton In November of 1P48 to visit her daughters, Mrs. H. E. Busse and Mrs. Mamie Putze, and in February of 1949, suffered a hip fracture In -a fall. She had been hospitalized since the accident, first at St. Joseph's nnd at Villa Terrace since last September. .Born in Alton, Oct. 16, 1865, Mrs. Wutzler was a daughter of the Into John M. Tonsor and street. Mr. and Mrs. A. C. McGaughey and daughters, Genelle Grace and Gloria Jean, spent Sunday evening with Mr. and Mrs. Leo Johnson and family, Jn Alton. Mr. and Mrs. Johnie Sly and son, Tommy, Wood River, visited with Mrs. Sly's parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Yeck, Sunday. Local members of the White Shrine of Jerusalem will attend a meeting in Belleville tonight, which will honor Mrs. Blanche Clark. Kane KANE. -~ Mr. and Mrs. Paul Carlton, Mr. and Mrs. George Milner, Mr. and Mrs. A. A, Abbott, Mr. and Mrs. Leo Carr, Mrs. Joe Klejmelr and Miss Helen Kleimcir attended a card party Frjday evening at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Carter at Carrollton. Mrs. Billy WiH nnd son of Het- tlck were guests Sunday of her Marie Boze Tonsor. She had resided here until her husband retired in 1924 and they moved to Long Beach, Calif. Mr. Wutzler died in January of 193p. For two years before coming to Alton in 1948, Mrs. Wutzler had made her home with a daughter, Mrs. Cliff Wood, at Los Angeles. Surviving are. three daughters, Mrs. Wood, Mrs. Bussc and Mrs. Putze, Alton; a son, J, A. Wutzler, St. Louis; three granddaughters, Mrs. P. T. Chalk, Mrs. J. S. Peterson and Miss Marjorie Wood, and two great-granddaughters. The body Is at Morrow-Quinn mortuary where brief rites will he conducted at 7:30 p. m. today by the Rev. O. W. Heggomeler, pastor of Evangelical & Reformed Church. At midnight the body will be sent by plane to Long Beach for entombment In Sunnyside mausoleum. Friends may call at the mortuary after 3 p. m, today. parents, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Carl- von. Hayden Darr and family of Jal- appn were guests Sunday of Mrs. William t>arr. Mr. and Mrs. George Witt, Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Trump and children, and Bill Witt, Carllnvllle, were guests Sunday of Mr. and Mrs. W. P. Wilt. Mrs. Ethrl Whitlock, Dixon, visited relatives here this week. Miss Laura O'Brien, Mrs. Fenl Garnsche, St. Louis; Mrs. Charles; Gnrnsche, Klrkwood, Mo.; Mrs. Lloyrl Reynolds and son, Lloyd, Jr.. Maryville, visited Friday with Miss Emily McDermott. T. G. Roady, principal of Kane School, returned Saturday from Chicago, where he attended the 96th annual meeting of the Illinois Education Association In the role of a delegate. Mr. and Mrs. Robert Yocom, Fidelity, were dinner guests New Year's day of Mr. and Mrs. William Bates. Mr. and Mrs. Harry DeShasier, i Mrs. Henry Roewe, and Miss Marie Rocwe attended a euchre party Thursday night at Iho home of Mr. nnd Mrs. Kenry Schroeder, Jerseyville. Mr. and Mrs. D. J. Calvey and children of McLcansboro were guests over the weekend of Calvey's grandmother, Mrs. Henry Roewe. Mr. and Mrs. George Woolsey, Rockport, Mo., left Friday for their horn* tfter • wcck'i Vint with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Klrby and Miss Winifred Close were guests FrWay of Mr. and Mra. Kenneth Beaty, Decatur. Mrs. Warren Greene and son, Joe, nnd Darrel Bell attended the DeMolay installation at Jerseyville, Thursday. Mrs. Harry Molner, Alton, spent Tnursday with her mother, Mrs, William Plato, Mrs. George Llnh Is confined to her home by sickness. EVERS PAINTING AND DECORATING sr\( >. .sot; "HONE 2-1126 STEEL FACTS DO YOU KNOW: Concrete used for a Blast Furnace equals foundations of 140 houses. Thousands of tons of steel, millions of bricks, many other materials required in one plant. LACLEDE STEEL COMPANY ALTON, ILL TELEGRAPH WANT ADS "CLICK ite the fact treeper service is best known for its high quality, it is trut that Srreeper service is likewise very reasonable in prict. fUnCMLHOM pwice UJOOORIVER War Total, $30 Billion WASHINGTON, Jan. 3. S. aid to foreign countries nine* totfl18 A Commerce Department report ast. night said that from Mld-1945 through last September th« amount was 528.187,000,000. Fif" "«« tor the lost three months of 1349 are eftpccted later, showing a ooo ooo sum of * bout ^.m,. 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