Algona Courier from Algona, Iowa on November 9, 1894 · Page 7
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Algona Courier from Algona, Iowa · Page 7

Algona, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, November 9, 1894
Page 7
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w ' ' ," , ; J '"' X"'r^, ',X >"' •' ."*' c "^> CZAR OF RUSSIA IS DEAD Alexander Passed Away at 1;30 •Sketch of the Career of the Upnd Ruler — TIiO Honse of Rotnnnoff— Nobles Who Sheet no Tears When Death Was Announced. , < J , - ,LOJTt>otfi Nqv, 1.—A dispatch to the NVws from ''Yalta say's tlie czar >eiie<fttt Ii30~p. hi. , • '• .' l The Standard also publishes the announcement that tho czar is dead. Official Notice of the Death. , LONDONV Nov. 1.—The foreign office , "has received ft dispatch .from tho British embassy at St. Petersburg stating that the czar's death occurred at 5:JiO p. tn. , " Tho News tn Paris. • PABIS, Nov. 1.—Dispatches received ' from. Livadia say the czar died shortly before 3 O'clock. The news created a •se'hsation here and aroused a general •feeling of sorrow. NO OFFICIAL NOTICE. •The Stnte Department Has Not Been No- tided of the Death, , ^'^WABHIKQTOK, Nov. 1.—The only " "'ittiowledtfe which the state department had up to 1 o'clock of the Russian emperor's death was received from the 'United Press dispatch which was sent 'over the government telegraph system about 11:30 o'clock, i Until the information is formally communicated to the government through the usual dioiomatic channels, no official oognizance can bo taken. It is expected that Prince . Cantacuzcno will •officially convey tho information to the department of state in the course of the day. Prince Oantucuzone's first knowledge of tho Russian cinperor's •death was through a United Press bulletin which was delivered to him at the Russian legation shortly after 11 o'clock this morning. Upon the official con- •flrrnation of hid i majesty's decease .Prince', Cautacuzene will ^rder the <?B.ussian , ,flag which floats over • Itho, legation at tho corner of / Nineteenth and I streets to bo vplaced at half mast. It will remain so •until after tho funeral services, which may not occur for Several days. The Russian minister was profoundly moved by tho announcement of the •emperor's death and quickly commuui- •cated it to the members of his staff,- It was not unexpected by him, the morb 1 .especially since tho emperor's malady became complicated with the affection ,of the left lung, which developed sev- •6ral days ago. SKETCH OF HIS CAREER. 'I Incidents in tho Life of Alexander III— The Honso of Romanoff. 1 Alexander III, eniperor of all tho ,, Russi'as, who succeeded to the throne on the murder of his father by a nihilist conspirator on March 13, 1881, was born March 10, 1845. His coronation took place at Moscow May 27, 1883. He married, in 1800, Mary Feodorovna, f6rmerly Mary Sophia • Frederica Dag. mar, daughter of Christian IV, king of Denmark, and sister of the princess , o'f Wales and the king of Greece. The principal concern of the czar was to put down nihilism, to develop the military power of Russia, to organize 3ier Asiatic and Caucasian provinces, and to keep a steady eye upon Constantinople. From the beginning of his reign periodical attempts upon his 'I'lifftlj were' made 'by the nihilists. 'Twice officers in -'his own array tried to shoot ' him. In 1888 he < And his 'family narrowly escaped •death in a railway accident near Borki. ( Tho train was thrown from the track • and many passengers were i killed, but / <*the 'imperial party were hardly injured. I/ast'sprlng a plot was formed in Fin- Itlnd'to blo'w up, tho ' castle which the ,- -czar was expected to occupy during the •Jail,maneuvers around Smolensk. ''" The ezar was deeply religious. Ho was under the ' influence of • such bigots t as Pobodonoszeff, procurator ,of the'holy synod and his .group, and persecuted the Jews, Catholics and Gorman Lutherans iu Russia ! ^without cessation or mercy. The czai > "lef t five children', tho Crown Prince Nicholas, 37 years old; the Grand Duke •George, "now ill in the south of Russia; > the Grand Duchesses Xenia and Olga •and the Grand Duke Michael, a boy in "his teens. , •. > , 1 ' Alexander Alexandrbvitch', czar anfl ; Autocrat of, all, the Russians, was of the , imperial house pf Romanoff. , . ,' '' ', .The.dynasty is a web woven of tho i" ^-greatest lines of ancestry in northern .. "ISurope and.the east,, and > its origin is ,1; ;lpst ( in the'labyrinth of antiquity. Rus\ :sian history properly begins with Rurik 1 /of gw'eden, who settled at Novgorod in J-S63 ,and "'oonquefed' Russia, and-tho v Romanoffs claim him 'as an ancestor. •JJRut'they^are also descended' from "the "" ipewi—-lOonstaptine", Monomaohus from ^J'ngis Khan, $& SJ»pd> |tlw ! | > aleplogi, from #j,ngis Khan, ^cqBftifehe.e^rJiesl/prinoos "of Novgorod, l&tfdjfronrtho last?of < the 'Anglo-Saxon TMngs.r<V v ; • In the ( thirtaonth century this house S\ ;at the .al'tars dedicated' to 1 'the, sun in W 'vJ-'Hluifttiiii,, i ,The, religious zeal of'the A *-Vo\;tpujo races drqve' them to Moscow, , v ,. Tiifhere they embrace^ Christianity and s «* "were enrolled among 'the, nobless for , )• liheir services in, tho wars ,with the Mongols, ,ivho', oppressed Russia fqr 300 l^'^ears^i For centuries tb.ey Chared the pit. vicissitudes'plthe' .empire apd at times "-tV^'wero almost exterminated,by perse<m» j3£ ^pn,nprtur&i'an"d'<exjile> On th<? other " ;h.apd they wer,e h°np»-f$ by numerous, - 11! —~ A ~ with-the, ll»RWinl> fprnily'. frequently • warrlpd * ' , . Roinanpva.the flcjvvev £ ''' 1 ' 'v* fcl* fjffwjj ••'% 1 " ' '' '* s ; r < te^ dotfiitefi, niNiihifiir 1 li MHiinrmhiiiim tilrniniilli n in -^UM obscurity, and' whose -fathftrj though patriarch of Moscow, was lingering iri i Polish dungeon, into which Godonoff hftd thrust him. This Was the" origin of the Romanoff emperors. Alcx&ntlit's Prcclucossors. From this'period the Romanoffs have been ns much German os* Russian. Michael Romanoff died in 1045, and hh successors, mostly his lineal descendants, in order, wore Alexis, died 1076; Feodore, died 1682; Peter I, called tho great, died 168S; Peter II, another son of Alexis, died 1730, at the age of i 'i, and Peter III, who was the grandson of Peter the great, his mother being Anna Teodorovlch, tho daughter of Peter the great, and tho duke of Hoi- stem. Peter III married Sophia Augusta, princess of Anhait-Zerbst, in upper Saxony, who took tho name of Catherine, and who, having dethroned her husband, reigned from 1769 to 1770. Catherine was. succeeded by Paul Petrovleh, her son, but of doubtful paternity, Who married Dorothea Sophia, priuce&s of Wurtemberg, and was assassinated in 1801. On his death he was succeeded by his son, Alexander Paulovioh, or Alexander I, who married Louise Charlotte, daughter of Emperor Frederick William III of Prussia, and died in 1835. It was during his reign Napoleon invaded Russia. On his death ho was succeeded, according to a family compact, by his youngest brother, Nicholas, skipping h(s next younger brother, Constantino, on account of imbecility. Nicholas, whose reign was distinguished by the Crimean'wari was sucdeddod in 1855 by his son, Alexander II, who was the father of Alexander II, and who was assassinated in ItfSl. The brothers and sisters of Alexander II are Nicholas, who died in 1805, Vladimir, Alexis and Maria,''who''married, tho duke of Edinburgh. Alexander was the second son. He was born March 10, 1845. The death of his brother, Nicholas, left him cearowitz, heir apparent to the throne of the Russian empire. In J8(!6 he married the Danish Princess Dagmaret, sister of the princess of Wales. Their first child, Nicholas Aloxandrovitch, who will be cizar of all the Russias, was born May 12, 1808. , When the nihilists killed Alexander II in 1881, so severely was the Russian monarchy shaken that no attempt was made tp celebrate the coronation,of the now etnperor until two years later But in 1883 Alexander III was crowned with most splendid ceremonies. There were" fetes for days and days through all Russia. Attempt Upon His Life. The "White Father" did not pass the thirteen years of his reign in peace and quietude. His days 'were troubled by the different attempts made to efface him from the world of tho living. Notwithstanding all the care that was taken to prevent even the slightest mishap" the czar came more than once very near meeting his doom. The most serious attempt to kill him was made in the beginning of April, 1887. ' He was flrod at in the park at Gatschina by an officer, but escaped uninjured, although the pistol was discharged at close quarters. The would be assassin was arrested. Personally his majesty was always unaffected by fear, so that the terrorists never attained their object—that Of frightening him into accession of their demands by attempts on his life. He was On this point almost a fatalist. He has said if it were the will of divine providence that he should fall tho victim of ,a bullet or a bomb in the hands of one of his own subjects he must submit; but so I long as he lived he would continue to devote his life and work to what he termed the maintenance of .the dignity of Russia. The czarina, on the other hand, was always anxious for her husband's safety. March 13 following the attempted assassination,, three persons were arrested in the streets of St. Petersburg with explosive machines in their possession, and from them the authorities obtained disclosures respecting the ramifications of the conspiracy. Some of tliQSe .men. were confined in tho Schussel burg fortress, while others were placed in the citadel of St. Petersburg. On this occasion tvyo women—ono tho wife of a general,' the other of a doctor,_who were compromised to some extent in tho murder of the preceding czar in 1881—were parties to the plot, ,but they refused to give any information to the police. Traces, however, of the conspiracy were discovered at Charkoff, Kieff, Warsaw, Moscow, Odessa and Novp Teherkask. About the same period a military plot was discovered in tho Caucasus, and as a result of the discovery over a hundred officers were arrested. Tho chief conspirator in this case was an old officer who had served more than thirty-five years and' whoso breast was covered with decorations. They were al,l tried by a court martial at Tiflis over which presided Prince Dondukoff Korsakoff. . lives the life of a simple country ' tleman, ilnde'r tho strictest eupertl sion. The grand duke, at the 1 time of hia return to St. Petersburg, gave the present emperor several lucpleasant quartets Of an our by his pretensions to tho crown the right to < which he assumed for the following 1 reasons. According to tho laws of the Russian imperial family the eldest son of the czar is the heir to the throne (the czarowitz). Alexander II was not bpru as a son of the czar, but while his father was still J,ho Grand Duke Nicholas. Tho Gra'nd Duke Constantine, however, second son of the Graud Duke Nicholas, was born after. the latter had become czar, and thus, literally speaking, was tho eldest son of the czar. Therefore, it was argued by the banished grand duke, after tho death of Emperor Nicholas, the real heir to the throne was the Grand Duke Constantino, and he—Nicholas Constantinovitch—as his eldest son, wns the rightful heir to the crown. This influenced Alexander II, however, to introduce a new rule or law, pi-oviding that at each accession the oath of allegiance was to bo given, not only to the hew ruler, but also to his successor. Another grand duke who was in disfavor with the czar, is the Grand Duke Michael Michaelovitoh, son of tho Grand Duke Field Marshal Miclmql Mi- kolajoviteh. This young mau married against the will of his family the Countess Mei'enberg, the beautiful child of Prince Nicholas of Nassau and his morganatic wife, the daughter of the Russian poet, Pushkin. He retained his right as a.graud duke, it is true, but his name was stricken from the army lists, where it had appeared as adjutant of the czar. Neither is tho.Grand Duke Nicholas Michael in good standing in Russia, about ten years ago ho was assigned to tho Chevalier Guards, the "crack" regiment of the empire, for active service. As a rule, officers of a regiment welcome the addition of a member of the imperial family, to their number. Bub to the surprise of all society at the time, the officers' corps of the "Chevaliers" voted against the admission of the grand duke. / So strong was tho opposition that tho emperor himself had to interfere personally, virtually to command the men to accept the grand duke as ti comrade. The reason of the opposition was the fact that the prince was known to bo '-red" politically—and that is still tho case today. He was unable to assume any standing in the regiment, and the opposition to him became so pronounced that he decided to ask for his transfer to a regiment stationed in the Caucasus, where he had lived for many years in his early youth. The ezar gave him the grenadier regiment "Miugrelia," garrisoned in Tiflis, and there the grand duke, far away from his relatives and home, has a much pleasanter time than in St. Petersburg. TWO sTlCKTSoiTFRAID, NICHOLAS II, CZAR OF RUSSIA THEY DID NOT WEEP. Nobles Who Were Not in Fayor AVith the Dead'Czar. Probably the course of the disease which killed ,the t c^sar was f ,watched s py'noipersou,s vfitii so'mueli' interest as .thoso'mbmbers of his house/ who, fov one reason or other, had incurred his displeasure. Some of them who are living In banishment hope to be able to return, 1 to 'St. Petersburg now. His .majesty "had always been a strict disciplinarian and had decline^ to fprgive thfi sjiprt.' epmings pf his relatives. Many P£ them wore no longer lopked upon'by the qzar as members of $h> imperial family and certainly s few "of thorn heaved' many s,igh,s at his death. • , .s The greatest sufferer'at thp hands pf his - majesty—fov , which he • 'himself, bovwer, is to blame,— }8,the ejdest'soiv of-the; tete. , Grand Duke Qpns,tai}ti»Q ' The Old Indian Sentenced to Bo Hanged December S8—Doesn't Want to Walt So Long. DEADWOOD, S. D., Nov. 1.—Five Indians, White Faced] Horse, Eagle Louse, Two Two, Big Leggins and Two Sticks were sentenced by Judge Dundy Wednesday White Faced Horse and Two Two, who were implicated iu the murder of the cowboys, and pleaded guilty to manslaughter, wore each sentenced to five years in the penitentiary. Eagle Louse, for the murder of another Indian, and who also pleaded guilty to manslaughter, was sentenced to six months in the county jail. Big Leggins, for rape, received ten years, and Two Sticks, convicted of murder, was sentenced to be hanged in this city on December 28.' "When asked if he had anything to say, Two Sticks replied: "I am an old man, but have a brave heart and am not afraid to die. I would rather die right away, now. I have been sentenced to die and am rather anxious for it. I do not want to suffer any more in this life." « A CURIOUS SPOT. Jives, an "fly. ffloes'^nd shorn o$ all hiq4ignities/ x an exile ,*iu 7 'Turkestan, JR his r yquth'he WR§ guilty^*/' the-theft welry <an4 ,h°ly; relics, wh^ch he mMMMiiWMW!to A Hugo Lime Sink Found in a Fouk of a mountain. ANNISTON, Ala., Oct. 31.—On White Oak mountain, which is one of a range that extends" for several miles southwest of tk,is city, is ono of nature's mQst wonderful freaks, It is a tremendous hole or bowl known to the few who have been nware of its existence as "The Lime Sink." The "sink" takes the plage of the 'peak of the mountain and is almost perfectly round. Its diameter at tho top is estimated at a quarter of a mile and its bottom, which is level, comprises an area of about three acres. The walls average a height of from 800 to 1,000 feet and are very precipitous, an ascent being possible only at certain places. The 'bottom is covered with large trees and heavy undergrowth, as are also the sides where they are not too rocky and steep. Vines and wild flowers grow on the bottom and sides iu tho greatest profusion, and the spot is a very picturesque one. , JJYoin afl appearances the "sink" has been ithpre for a century. It is situated abijut eight miles"from Anniston, but being in a wild and unfrequented portion of the muontains few pepnlo knew that it was in existence, This" peculiar hole furnished the basis for considerable- excitement a few days since. Fire broke out on tho, mountains near it, malfing r >a great smpke and burning awjay stumps which supported several large rocks, These fell and rolled with a mighty rumbling ' that was ,heard plainly in Annistpn and Oxford, where- uppp some practical jokers, with vivid imaginations,, tpJd of this mysterious basin, and sfca,rte£ reports that jj, wa(\ the erftter'of > sleeping volcano which was shaking off Ur lethargy a^'pre," paring tp get Jn''aetJon, s ^j, erp WR8 i^ great dea,l ,,of ' talk about it, Sorao stayted ,ou,t to investigate ij;, but found j| was tpo far and^ came l)ack, They uai4 th,W were fts'near as they 1 wanted 4° The Czarowitch Has Been claimed Emperor, Pro- State DcpattHicnt tut Washington Receives Oniclal Notice of Nicholas' Acccs- ,.ftlon, to,tho, Thrond—Pali's in Mourning:. EUROPE IS PREPARED. ST. PKTEnsnuKH, Nov. 2.—Emperor Nicholas has issued a proclamation :in- nouricirffi- the death of his father, Em- poror Aloxandei-Jll,-uud concluding a«5 follows: "J\Iay we be consoled by tho consciousness that our sorrow is the Sorrow of the whole of our beloved people, and may these people not forget that tho strength and stability of Holy Russia lies in her unity and her unbounded devotion to us. We, however, in this sad and solemn .hour", when ascending the ancestral tin-one of the Russian empire arid the czardqp of Poland and the grand duchy of Finland indlssolubly connected therewith, wo in tho presence of tl^e most high record our solemn vow that wo will always make our sole aim the peaceful development of the power and glory of beloved Russia and the happiness of our faithful subjects." Tlie proclamation concludes by directing the oath of allegiance to be taken, tho saine as it was taken by himself and the Grand Duke George, who; is hi's lineal successor "until God shall vouchsafe to bless with a son the union into which the emperor is about to enter with the Princess Alix of Hesse-Darmstadt." Say* th6 Effect of the Death ling Been Discounted. > IJAtTuronE, Nov. 3.—Ifon. Thomas F. Bayard, when informed of the czar's denth, expressed his dfeep regret at tho occurrence. When asked what effect the csiar's death would have upon European politics, hd said: "Forewarned has been forearmed with the countries of Europe in this case. Thev knew that, this great friend of peace was dying and wore nrepiired for it. A cartoon recently published in the London Punch made a great impression upon me, and mirrors/ tho Mtuation well. It represented Bcloiui, the god- des of war. in a troubled sleep nnd just reaching out for her sword that laid beside her bed. Her three dogs of war —fire, pestilence and famine—were just wakening up. Still I have reason to believe and hope that the doctrine of peace which tho'czar has striven :o hard to establish will be fol- owed out by his successor. I do not think his death will affect the relations m>w existing between France and Rusia or Russia and Germany. Nor will iho sad occurrence result in any change in the triple alliance in my opinion. Russia has suffered a tremendous ioss in the death of the czttr. In regard to his succession the devolution of power will in my opinion be earri ed out strictly in accordance with his policy." BATTLE OF THE ELKS. NicholtiB Announces Ills Accession. WASHINGTON, Nov.' 2.—The department of state has official notice that Nicholas II has 'proclaimed himself emperor of Russia. President Cleveland lias received a private message from the new emperor announcing the death of his father and his succession to the throne. Formal Mourning in Purls. PAHIB, Nov. 2.—The flags on all public buildings have been lowered to half mast. All of the military and naval officers are wearing mourning emblems, the authorities having ordered a period of general mourning for tho czar. The cabinet met at 9:30 this morning for the purpose of framing a message of sympathy to be forwarded to Emperor Nicholas II. RUSSIA'S NEW RULER. Sketch of tho Czar's Bides t Son—Jews Arc Human and Ought Not to lie Persecuted. Nicholas Alexandrovitch, the heir to the Russian throne, is 20 years old and is by no means a robust man. U. His father was a veritable,' Ajax of enormous size and strength. His heart would probably have gone out in sympathy to an "heir who inherited the bodily qualities of his race, or would have forgiven his weakness of frame had it contained an imperious mind; but the czarowitch had neither, and it is said to be only through tho influence of,the czarina that the eldest son"has not been set aside from the succession in favor of the younger brother Michael. However much tho czar may have loved his eldest son, he had no great respect and admiration for him as a Russian emperor. He is a student, and Alexander II thought that students were of small account in the world as N15W CZ.VK. compared, to men who could bend poicers in their fingers. Nicholas Al- exaudrovitoh studied all ,his life because studying was his only pleasure. Fear of nihilists kept him for years almost a prisoner in tho imperial palace and country pla.ces, whoi'e he^grew up* an innoeout faced boy, with no knowledge of life except what he had gained from books and papers that had been carpfully inspected before lie saw them, The darker side of Russian, history was to him a sealed vpUune. ' ' Some five years >»,go the young prince started on Jiis travels, He went to Denma'rk an^ England n'nd to Germany, ^ndtthe amount of modern information 'that he managed to imbibe and carry Jback to Russia set the tqoth of the czar on cage. • The young man had brought bap}? witji'hiin well defined aud radical opinions and theories upon the questions and literature ' Q f j,h e day, |i e had decided tjitvt Jews werp human be- 'PffS,a»<;l, *ha(i 'ft wasv inhuman and rir dioulous tpiperseeute^hera. Worst of a.1), Jn his fathev's,eye$; hp had become thedovptod fpjewt and admirer of German omperqr. ^ v ' A , •>•. „ h/ ^ * -' ^ UMGL£ SAM'S GREAT MAGNET Cannon Balls Picked Pins, Affect* a. Ship'* Cdmpftss Six Mil** a* 8e«— Kjeslats a I-orte bt Twenty-Two Thousand Ponntlg. Up Oak niolltc, tho Queen of Lincoln l'iirlc,ChIciigo, IfUletl by ,Je»Ions,111valB. CHICAGO, Nov. 2.—Mollie Elk, tho queen of Lincoln park, is dead, and there is mourning aud dejection in the elk yard. She died tho victim of the jealous fUty of one of her male companions. As a result two pairs of glorious antlers—that glistened proudly in the morning sun—now lie high and dry in the musty hay loft of the stable, and two hornless : bucks saunter sulkily around the yard over which they have reigued with kingly dignity for many days. The occurrence was the outgrowth of a jealousy of these two rival kings. All through the long summer, when their huge growth of antlers were still covered with velvety moss, friendly feelings .seemed to exist between the two dumb rulers. But as the days began to shorten and' the covering of velvet hung in unsightly ragged strips from the antlers, now hard as ivory and bristling with jagged prongs, the friendship iwaned and 'disaffection became evident. It took but a few frosty 'nights to spur this feeling of estrangement into genuine hatred and soon the fierce clash and rattle of the hard horns as they, met in combat made night hideous for their neighbors. Thus the two bucks, who in yeai's gone by ha'd been driven side by side, battled nightly for supremacy. Last Friday afternoon the war culminated iii a fierce battle that lasted for almost an hour, and the smaljer antagonist, who had been compelled to take the "nigh side" in the driving days gone by and to leave his feed box instanter at the command of his bulky companion, quit the battle a loam flocked victor. Ever since that time he has been marching around the confines of his small domain a haughty and tantalizing ruler. Alollie was the favorite cow. For the two years which the giant elk ruled the yard she had fed next to tho king, and no member of the herd had been allowed to disturb her» when feed was brought. All had been quiet about tha yards since Friday's struggle until yes- terd ay. Soon after daybreak Keeper "Cy" B. 'DeVry passed the yard and all was quiet. An assistant came to feed the animals soon after. Feed was placed in tho yard for the animals and the attendant busied himself for a few moments at another building. Returning to tho elk yard he found tho dead body of Mollio stretched out close to the side of the building, badly bruised' and cat and with several ribs broken 011 eitheij side. Over the body stood the two bucks, the larger ,one licking about the face of the dead cow and the other watching him intently. The attendant at once summoned Head Keener DeVry. When DeVry arrived the bucks weie still standing as before, while the four cows of the yard wore feeding quietly at the hay racks. With an iron bar. Keeper DeVry stepped into the yard aud attempted to drive tho bucks away to examine tho cow. They at once became furiously wild and charged about the yard snorting, plunging and shaldng their horns in a threatening munnor. The keeper was compelled to flee. The bucks continued to charge about so furiously that tho keeper feared for tho , safety of the rest of tha herd in the yardw, so summoning a force of five men ho proceeded tq divest the animals of their dangerous antlers. The furious beasts hinged at tlie men through the fences and uo one dare enterd the yard. The smaller buck was finally lassoed from the fence aud tied to a post. His horns were sawed off close to the head. The other animal, which became more quiet when his coir-panion was secured, was then lassoed, He struggled desperately when caught aud Keeper DeVry, who attempted to fasten a rope to throw the animal, was struck a blow that cut and bruised his hand so badly that it was feared bones were broken, T(ie bucks when deprived of their dungerpus implements of war bepainq docile, but not until then did the wen dare attempt to remove the body of the deud doe. UNION PACIFIC RECEIVERS WIM.ET'S POINT, L. I., Oct. 31.—There ia a big twelve inch gun stand-} ing on top of the ramparts here. It ia au innocent looking gull aud a- big Coil of telegriiph cable wound around the muzzle end of the piece suggests that it bus become fractured and that the government is experimenting with an economical method of repairing broken down ordnance. ( The gun, however, is tho most powerful electro magnet in the world, excepting those of nature's own construction at the imaginary points of the earth known as the magnet poles. The big magnet is the invention of Colonel W. R. King, commander of the engineer corps of the army stationed here, tind some very interesting experi« ments have been made with it. When Colonel King conceived the idea oi building an immense electro magnet he had no thought of its possibilities. There entered into the: construction of the first magnet two huge guns, some pieces of iron, and a good many miles of heavy insulated telegraph wire. The guns stood on carriages On top of the fort. The pieces of iron were fastened across the breeches of the cannon, and were held in place by chains, forming a horseshoe. The tel< egraph wire was wound around the muzzle ends of the guns, making twa immense spools. The current oil electricity was supplied by a dynamo, and the first tirnfe the magnet was charged it developed marvelous power. The work undertaken simply as an experiment soon became a matter of great importance. The magnet had not been long in existence when it was discovered that it would derange a vessel's compnss at a' distance of six miles from the fort. Thij disccJvery suggested that if in time of war an ene-| my's ships attempted to pass the fortl under cover of darkne&s or during the! prevalence of a heavy fog, when thei pilots would have to depend solely uponl the ship's compass, the commanders of the war ships Would probably find their vessels ashore near Willet's Point, where they could be blown up with, torpedoes or destroyed,by .the guns of the fort. Many experiments have been made from time tp time in testing the power of the big magnet. One of the most interesting ever attempted was made under the personal supervision of Colonel King, who can be seen standing at the right of the picture. A number of pieces of railroad iron were placed near tho muzzles of the guns, and the current of electricity turned on. Immediately the rails flew to the magnet, and were held • as fast as if they had been welded to its immense core. Colonel King then had one end of a large chain fastened around the pieces of iron to ascertain tho amount of power necessary to pull them away from the magnet. •' The other end oi the chain was attached to a capstan that was held firmly in place by long stakes driven into the ground. \Yheu everything was in readiness for the test the capstan bars were manned by. eight stalwart engineers, and they endeavored to pull the railroad iron away from , the 'magnetized guns. After straining for some time the stakes holding the capstan in place gave way and it toppled over. Tha railroad iron had not even moved on the face of the magnet. The dynni mopjeter which had been attached to indicate (.he amount of strnin tha magi net would stand showed that it had re4 sisted 22,500 pounds. "It was found im» possible to disturb the pieces of rail< road iron until the electricity had been shut off. ' ' \ Some time ng<3 Gdltitiel King caused^ to be made the one gun'ina£net< Thirteen miles of half inch insulated telegraph cable was used in making the coil on the gun. Tests with this infj,'g-j , not showed that it possessed, almost as- much power as tho first one, where two, guns wore used for the core. A number of exhibitions of the working o4 thi& electro magnet were given before; members of the A'raei-ican Society for the Advancement of Science. One ofj the exhibitions attracted a great deal of attention, as it best illustrated the' power the magnet possessed. Tho test consisted of four cannon balls being suspended from tho muzzle of the gun. The balls weighed, op an i average. 400 pounds each. > The first one was placed under the muzzle of tha i gun, and, notwithstanding tho small' ucss of the point of contact, made so by tho shape of the suspended object', the ball was held very firmly, A second cannon ball wnn placed under th.9 first one; then a third was put urtdej the second, and % when the fourth ball was held up by the magpetjo attracv » tipn exclamations of s,urprjsp <;amV from the spectators, The smaUness, p| the central point of bearing of each canpon ball, and the rigid manner/I? which the four i.ron spheres were hela \ np, was considered! to be t the' best ejc^ ! hibitiun of the inagnet's'power, "* , During a recent series of experimeqU,., an iron tray, heaped up with o^hovae''! 1 shoes, pig iron spikes," p.uts,' bbl^s, an6J <" other artielesmade of iron f ' WM giveij ' to a soldier, and he,,w»s'4U'eeted Amlorgoii p n »' V' IM , ,, C0udi?rt"»n<l lAn^ersB'of.the Unjpu Papjfip railroad have Jpfj; for the west, |> PW*y,,ffHU»B joined at Chicago b Mr. ppanp <igd at Omaha by .Ify-o/Wen - ,^., •-, -T f * •-• t*^^W*6CA' ^iite *.? W;#?$w «>4?% .fctfw wfe^ £*• WtfWVtori W«>TOrlfs n &o^4l 1 attacks.^.'A'l'OWi of'thnm^inf l Riiffi*iM«

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