Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on September 24, 1963 · Page 4
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September 24, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Tuesday, September 24, 1963
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24,1963 Editorials. . . What we think about... County Audits... Sen. Dodd... Moon Effort Audit Reports Public As pointed out by State Auditor Michael P. Hewlett, one of the most effective features in the »tate law requiring county audits will be its provision that the auditor's report be nude open to the public. Copies of the report may be offered for sale at • price up to 415, under the statute. This, we feel, is not unreasonable. Treasurer's reports and minutes of public board meetings, along with tax assessments and tax delinquencies, are required to be published in newspapers. The auditor's report, however, is bound to have limited appeal, because of its limited understanding. In an}' area where a newspaper exists, the report would be summarized for the public and the most important points brought to their attention, anyway. But more important, the copies would be available for sale, and, further, a principal copy would be available in the county clerk's office for examination bj' anyone. We believe this is good policy not only from the standpoint of public information, but from that of operating economy for the county. In Constant Readiness Senator Thomas I. Dodd, we believe, has a more sane apprvMih to the manipulation of the nuclear test ban tn'jtv ttun tlut demonstrated by Senator Barry Goldwiter. The treaty, on which the Senate voted today, would run nuclear weapons testing in the air or on the ground or in space, but does not ban tests made underground. It is. as President Kennedy pointed out, only a start, and the type of tests banned by it could be detected if they were made. Banning of underground nuclear tests must aw.iit establishment of adequate detection methods and of policing if necessary. Prime apprehension expressed by opponents of the ban has been that Russia will accumulate a number of tests to be made while we arc sitting still doing nothing, then will make a quick scries of tests that will catch us napping. Scientists point out it would take us considerable time to prepare anything of our own to test in this situation. Sen. Dodd, however, has recommendations he intends to offer later to offset this possibility. Under these recommendations, offered in a separate resolution, the Senate Preparedness subcommit- tee would make periodic reports to the Senate on the status of U. S. underground testing program, the status of nuclear laboratories, the observance of the treaty, and its impact on national security. These continuius inquiries should stimulate our nuclear experimental branches to continue their research, and keep, as was recommended some days back in Congress, a continuous series of tests ready to be made on the instant in case Russia decided to start its own testing. Thus Russia could not gain the time lead on us that opponents of the treaty fear. Our readiness to begin our own tests immediately upon receiving information Russia had breached the agreement would reduce this time lag to an absolute minimum and virtually negate the advantage to be gained by Moscow in beginning new tests. At a Strategic Time President Kennedy's proposal for Russia to join the United States in a common project for landing a man or men on the moon came at a strategic time, perhaps with aforethought regarding the fiscal situation of Russia. For Moscow, faced by a. grain crop failure that has set her scrambling for food in Canada, Australia, and this country as well, can ill afford to be flashing before her people's eyes the extravagance of a for- spending moon venture in competition with this country. At the same time we are noting in our own country a trend of thought in the "so what?" groove where the moon landing is concerned, necessary as it may be to the future progress of science. We have cooperated with Russia in the Antarctic, and found that at least she sticks by her agreements ss long as it suits her purpose to do so. The moon operation may provide us another chance to work side by side with her with a minimum of conception of advantage in our relative international positions, and with opportunity for the greater prestige and leadership power of both. In the end, the prime gain, however, will be in mutual understanding and respect. Re-Analysis Needed The Alton Water Co. strike is over. As far as can be told from disclosures about the settlement with the Laborers and Hod Carriers Local, it might, as well have ended more than a week ago. The union dropped the one demand that appeared to be separating the two in obtaining a settlement — that of a clothing allowance which would have cost the company an estimated $600 a year. There seems little to be gained by conjecturing over such questions, however. The fact remains that the city has an assured water supply once again - at least assured against interruption from labor difficulties. • We are, to that amount, the safer against fire and health hazards. And we are all thankful the strike has ended. Alton gained in the process the distinction of having experienced the only strike against a public witer plant within the considerable memory of the senior employe in the state department of public health. . , It's not a distinction the cmomumty can be proud of. . f it But it should provide the hint of some study by the legislature at its next session with a view of giving protection to the public against interruption of service from its public utilities, particularly water and power. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Before He Even Gets to The Plate Drew Pearson Recognizing The Thing' One can only be disappointed at the failure of our business community to grasp the meaning of the Negro revolution. I had hoped that the business community would willingly open all its jobs to Negroes — especially the higher jobs. But this hasn't happened. Indeed, it has made the mistake of thinking that these demonstrations were the same old protests on the part of the Negro and the employers has used the same old subterfuges to avoid them. This is largely due to the failure of our news media to stress the fact that ours is a rapidly changing world. Because of this an African coming into our world feels that he is entering a different world. The business man concerned only with his profits cannot be blamed for the fact that he believes that it is the same old world. Now let's take a look at black nationalism. The progress of this thing has depended upon a lack of knowledge — largely because business men and civic leaders failed to advance it. It has grown in proportion to the resistance to integration on the part of the white world. Governor Wallace has given it a big boost but the failure of the business world has given it a bigger one. The white press has refused to discuss this thing and David Lawrence Tax Cut Effect Still Far Off WASHINGTON, Sept. 24 — "Cash flow" is a meaningful term in the business world. It indicates how much cash is on hand with which to carry on daily operations. So it may come as a surprise to most people to learn that, under the so-called "tax cut" now being proposed, the 15,000 corporations which bring in the bulk of the tax revenues are going to have no immediate benefit from the revision of tax rates. This is because large corporations — those with tax liabilities in excess of $100,000 a year — will be required to pay during the next year a major part of their 1964 tax liability together with their usual payments for 1963 taxes. This will amount to about the same as they paid in 1963 or on 1962 tax returns, even though the rates themselves are scheduled to go down next January. President Kennedy, in his address on TV and radio to the nation a few days ago, said: "Every businessman can keep a higher percentage of his profits in his cash register, or put it to work expanding or improving his business." But whoever did the memoranda prepared for the president's speech didn't make clear that cumulating tax payments would be involved. What is most disappointing, of course, is the news that most of the very businessmen who are expected to get the economy moving by reason of the tax cuts will not have ax-ail- able to them next year the benefit of these tax reductions. In fact, it will be seven years before the acceleration of cash payments will be completed. So it is hard to see where the stimulus to spending in business and the incentive to expand and create new jobs will be coming from or how this by itself will avoid a recession. The House Ways and Means Committee report last week showed that payments to the treasury from corporations averaging about $5 million a year would average more than 99 per cent as much in tax payments during the next five years as the tax payments under present law. Thus, the ability of the large corporations to finance operations, build new plants and get new machinery will be no greater under the new tax schedules than they are under the present schedules of tax rates. "Cash flow" is made up of net profits after taxes and depreciation charges. Dividend payments come out of "cash flow" and the balance is available for current operations. Many financial experts have pointed out that dividend payments follow "cash flow" more closely than they follow net profits. Retained profits and depreciation charges — the "cash flow" after dividends — make up more than 60 per cent of the funds used by corporations. The other 40 per cent is the amount obtained by long and short-term borrowings and from the sale .of a corporation's equity stocks. Increased "cash flow" in the next seven years will be just about equal to the increase in tax payments being made during that period so as to get on a current basis. This is but another way of saying that the so-called "tax cut" will be merely a bookkeeping transaction lor another seven years and that the amount of available cash will not be materially changed within that period by reason of tax cuts. The smaller corporations, to be sure, will get the benefit of the new tax rates immediately. The amounts made available, however, are very small. A company with $100,000 profits now has to pay $45,500 in taxes and, under the new rates next year, will pay $43,000 and in 1965 and later $41,500. This means a saving of $5,000 a year by 1965, which, of course, will be beneficial. But it does not compare with the much larger sums that usually become necessary to make improvements. ((D 1983 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) as a result of this there is a good deal of confusion. Now it is necessary to face it. It will be out in the open tomorrow. What is it? I suppose the best way to describe it is to say that it is an idea whose time has come. It is the thing that an African carries in his heart as he moves into the jungle with his new burp gun. It is the thing tot toppled Ihe Fulbert Youlou government in Congo Republic; that now threatens the pro - western governments of Nigeria and the other Congo. It is a knife that points to the heart of South Africa. It is a song that Mahalia Jackson sings. It is the faith that sustained the Negro through his epic journey into an epic night. It is the thing that caused the African to fling the gratuitous insult back into the face of St. Stevenson when he told them to be patient with the white South African, and it is not western. It is the thing that the white man must learn before he knows the African, and it will be born tomorrow. The problem for both whites and Negroes is to see that it is bom peacefully, for if it must be born of violence, it will be. If it is not born, then the suffering of the Negro has no meaning, and all our Negro dead will have vainly died. WARDELL T. JOHNSON 1009 Carson St. Calculated Risk 1 wonder who can be blamed the most for the church bombing in Birmingham and the death of the four young girls there. It always seems the innocent must pay. This building was used for other purposes besides religious worship, and these people know the southern whites and their attitudes insisted on taking a calculated risk. If I were a parent in that church, I would have insisted that my children go elsewhere for Sunday worship. Others may not agree with this, but I ask them to look around at their own babies and loved ones and try to visualize these four girls' parents with their thoughts today. Was it worth the price? H. A. STECKER, 200B Hamilton St. Today's Prayer O Thou Spirit of eternal love, may Thy compassionate arms be thrown around the nations today, that men may see Thee and what it is that Thou art eager to do for us all. May our blind resistance to Thy holy will be dissolved, that in obedience we may walk with Him Whom to know is life eternal. Amen. —W. Dale Oldham, Anderson, Ind., executive director, Christian Brotherhood Hour. (& 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc. Allen-Scott Report Birth Control Issue Hot WASHINGTON — President Kennedy is the man in the middle on the highly explosive issue of permitting the use of U.S. foreign aid funds to encourage birth control in undeveloped countries. Two equally powerful groups of legislators within the President's own party are placing him in this highly embarrassing position by privately seeking support for their conflicting views. On one side, Senator J. William Fulbright, D-Ark., chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, heads a group of senators that want the President to support an amendment to his $4.5 billion foreign aid request, authorizing assistance to "cooperating countries in carrying out programs of population control." This controversial provision was added to the administration's foreign aid request by Senator Fulbright during a closed door meeting of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee with only three of seventeen members present. The amendment will face a test on the Senate floor early in October when the aid program comes up for debate. On the other side, Representative Thomas Morgan, D-Pa., Chainnan, is leading a group of Democrats who were equally successful in blocking a move to add a similar "birth control" amendment to the foreign aid bill in the House Foreign Affairs Committee. The Morgan group includes Representative Clement J. Zablocki, Wis., and Edna F. Kelly, N.Y., both ranking Democrats on the House Foreign Affairs Committee, and Speaker John McCormack, Mass. The Main Issue These legislators argued that the U.S. has no business in spending foreign aid money to push birth control measures that are morally objectionable to a large section of this country's population. They sent word to the President that they will never accept the Fulbright amendment even if the Senate approves it. To head off a potential House - Senate legislative deadlock over this issue, they suggested that the President intervene with Senator Fulbright to have him withdraw his . amendment. Otherwise, these House Democrats warn that Senator Fulbright's "ban the baby" amendment, as they refer to it, could split the Democratic party wide open and an open congressional fight could become politically embarrassing to the President. President Kennedy, who is heavily in debt to Senator Fulbright for his leadership In sup- Allen Scott port of the nuclear test ban treaty, is temporarily holding a middle ground between the opposing views. The Soviet Bid That mysterious Soviet official who is credited with putting out those feelers to buy U.S. wheat is none other than Premier Khrushchev. When Agriculture Secretary Orville Freeman met Khrushchev recently in Moscow, the Russian leader made the offer while pounding the table with his fist and saying: "Our money is on the table. What have you got to sell us in the way of farm machinery and commodities? Your allies and your businessmen want to do business with us, so if you don't seJl we will make our purchases elsewhere. We have the gold. Do you want some of it?" Agriculture Secretary Freeman reacted like a small boy let loose inside Fort Knox. After the first shock of seeing all that gold dangling in front of his eyes, he set out to acquire some (for the U.S.). Secretary Freeman Told Khrushchev that he would pass on his offer immediately to President Kennedy, urging him to approve the gold-wheat exchange. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Monsanto Fund May Be Trouble WASHINGTON — Now that the political money is being solicited for the 1964 election, the public should be told about some of the skeletons in the 1962 chests. For nothing has been done to plug the loopholes in the election laws and prevent the same abuses from recurring. For instance, .it is against the law for a corporation to contribute to political campaigns. Y c t the executives of the Monsanto Chemical Co. shelled out $11.929 in 1962 to help elect candidates to Congress who were friendly to Monsanto's pocketbook interests. The story has been buried tor a year in the campaign-spending report of a group known only as "James H. Lum, a political committee for the Nov. 6, 1962 election." At first glance, this appears (o be a very innocuous commit tee to elect a political unknown named Lum to some office. But this column has now learned that Lum wasn't a candidate at all; he was the corporation executive who passed the political h a t among Monsanto executives and collected. Lum was in a good position to collect. He was then assistant to the president of Monsanto, and in most companies a word from the front office is sufficient. All told, Lum collected from $100 to $1,000 from 26 key executives of the giant chemical company. Individual corporation executives have a right to contribute to a political campaign, though it's supposed to be a free - will contribution to a man they admire or favor. However, the 26 Monsanto executives did not decide who should get their money, and this is where Monsanto may be • in trouble under the Corrupt Practices Act — If Attorney General Robert Kennedy ever gets around to calling a grand jury. The question of who got the money was left to a three - man committee headed by Monsanto's Washington representative, Edward Gamble. Gamble, of course, had been watching Congress, knew who had helped Monsanto in the past, who could help in the future. For instance, a $600 contribution went to Arkansas Congress- man Orpn Harris, chairman of the powerful House Interstate & Foreign Commerce Committee, who passes on many matters af- fertini; Monsanto. Also introduced the Harris Natural Gas Act, and Monsanto has an oil subsidiary. Another $300 was given to West Virginia Congressman Arch Moore. Harris is a Democrat, MOOI-P a Republican. But both had been outspoken advocates of legislation to limit the import of foreign oil. Significantly, they happened to he singing the same tune as Monsanto's subsidiary. Lion Oil Co. Gamble admitted, when queried, that Monsanto liad joined in lobbying for oil import restrictions through the Independent Oil Pro ducors' Assn. The biggest contribution, $1,000. was donated to Missouri Con- pressman Tom Curtis, a Republican, who represents Monsanto's home district in the St. L o u i s area and who has championed Monsanto causes. He vigorously opposed the late Sen. Estes Kcfauver's efforts to reduce drug prices by breaking up the drug manufacturers' pricing and patent practices. Monsanto happens to manufacture ding ingredients. Questioned by this column, Gamble acknowledged that h i s three - man committee had "decided to give to people who were friends ... to congressmen and senators in whom we had respect." He described the $11.929 political slush fund as "something like a united fund." He added carefully: "We went to great pains in order to do what we thought was perfectly legal." Gamble was vague about who had originated and organized the fund. "A group of us thought it was a good idea," he explained laconically. He insisted that the 26 executives had been subjected to no pressure from Monsanto, that they had donated whatever they wished out of their own pockets. Monsanto's general counsel ruled, he said, that this got around the Corrupt Practices Act. «0 1963. Bell Syndicate, inc.) A LTON E VENING T ELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Priming Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press <s^^^> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEPTEMBER lil, Itl'M Assignments of pastors by the Southern Illinois Conference of Methodist Churches were made during the meeting at Lawrenceville. Ministers of the area alleeted by the assignments included the Rev. Henry C. Brown of Mt. Vernon to the First Methodist Church here, succeeding the Rev. G. K. Whitten, who was transferred to Centralia; the Rev. W. L. Hanbaum, Jerhcyville, to the Main Street Methodist Church, succeeding the Rev. B. H. Batson, who went to Bridgeport; the Rev. M. C. Foil/ to Jerseyville; the Rev. J. H. Buddcn tu the Ka*t Alton Church, succeeding the Res'. E. 0. Allen, who was gruiit- od a leave of absence as conference evangelist; Die Rev. Q. R. Hall to Shipman, succeeding the Rev. F. I). Jen- kitu, going to Trenton. The Rev. W. D. .Simmons returned to Wood River, the Rev. F. M. {-ledger to Grace Meth- odist, Alton; and Miss Martha Sproull to Alton Memorial Hospital. The word "Alton" on the sweatbund of a hat believed worn by a drowning victim in the Mississippi river at East St. Ixniis led to enlistment of Alton police department in identification. Raymond Parton of Quincy Court, Alton, shown the clothing taken from the drowned man's body, said he was virtually sure it was that of his father, Arthur L. Parton, who had left here a week before, saying he was going to St. Louis to visit a daughter. The elder Purton never arrived at the daughter's home. Mi.ss Sarah Davies, 80, died in the Mather Hospital on Viiden street, where she had been a patient for tlmv months, after she sustained a hip fracture in a fall in April. Reginald Wadlow, 20, of Rixon Street, incurred several throat lacerations when the car driven by his brother, Gerald, ran off the highway a mile west of Alton. Congressman Edwin M. Selwefer of Belleville an- nounced he would attempt to gain aid for Alton's proposed school construction project following a report that PWA funds had again been made available to Illinois by federal authorities. Included in the projects were erection of new Irving and Lincoln Schools, first unit of a new junior high school, and an auditorium-gymnasium for McKinley School. E. B. Young started improvements on the former Ray Swain residence at Leverett and Worden avenues, once the home of Senator D. B. Gillham. 50 Years Ago SEl'TEMUEU 24, 1018 Bloodhounds were brought from Springfield in an effort to trace "horse tail clippers" who had rounded out a month of activity in Alton area by denuding the tails of four horses and a mule at the Fosterburg farm home of John CuIp Jr. Use of the dogs was sponsored by the Fosterburg Horse Thief Detective Society which made the arrangements through John Lind, Alton police chief. The dogs and their handler were the same used in an effort to solve the Kittinger store burglary in Upper Alton a few nights earlier. It was believed the tail clipper in his visit to the Fosterburg area had been riding horseback. The dogs in taking the trail at the Gulp place were said to have acted as If they were following the track left by a horse. John Leverett, Alton special assessor, had completed assessment rolls for eight proposed local Improvements, and all were filed for a city court hearing on Oct. 13. Meantime, the city counselor made a trip to Edwardsville lo seek early hearing in county court of three condemnation suits to obtain rights-of-way for Upper Alton sanitary sewer. The city was nominating for commissioners to set valuations J. P. Vissering, George Hall, and John Leverett. Leader of a Pentecostal band which had been conducting services in a tent on College Avenue in Upper Alton told a Telegraph representative mat "Alton must be a very healthy place." Although he was known as a "healing evangelist," the leader said he had received fewer requests for healing prayers here than in any other place of commensurate size that his group had visited. Two-thirds of the crew of a contractor removing wheat from the fire-damaged Stanard-Tilton elevator struck for a pay increase of 5 cents an hour, from 25 to 30 cents. Damaged wheat from burned bins was being sold for chicken feed at 40 cents a bushel. Continued search of the river as far as the mouth of the Missouri had yielded no trace of missing 12-year- old Louis Timmons. Meat markets in Wood River had agreed on Sunday closing to start in October. Laboratory equipment for the domestic science department at ShurUeff College had been delayed In delivery, and initial instruction was being provided through lecture:, and text books. is,,,.. \

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