Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa on October 12, 1961 · Page 4
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Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa · Page 4

Fayette, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 12, 1961
Page 4
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Predict 20 per cent Loss of farms by 1975 EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the f ?ccnd :n a series of lour articles to forecast whi»* Tow? will be like in 1975 The lirJt article predicted *he continued, but slowing, o-j! i.iiqralicn of Iowanx. The relationship of this out migration to the fu'uro of agricuMure in the s's ? is d'scussc -d in this article, ani succeeding installments will cover manufacturing and income. The analysis is based on research at the Bureau of Business and Economic Research at The Stale University of Iowa, and is written by C. Woody Thompson and Conrad C. Slucky of the Bureau. The findings, entitled "Iowa — 1975,~ appear in the latest issue of the SUI publication, the Iowa Business Digest. We may lose another 20 per ten; Uv lil'ii in the number of Iowa farms, say two State University iif Iowa researchers. Fur the distant future, "we will not be surprised if the actual reduction in farms greatly exceeds this figure." they continue. However, the larger farm units will require more purchased inputs and will result in the creation of additional jobs in those industries that serve agriculture. This prediction, the SUI men explain, is based on the combination of a projection of the amount of increase in farm productivity and of interviews of farmers concerning their desires to further expand their operations. Any project must reckon with the unknown of future farm legislation. Let us suppose that the recommendation of agricultural economists that the amount of land — 13-18 per cent — necessary to bring supply and demand into balance be withdrawn from cultivation. The effect of this is difficult to forecast, the SUI men •• ay. While Iowa has lost farms in 'he 'las:, it has not lost a significant number of acre; under cultivation. T/ie loss in farms has simply meant a cum spending increase in their size. Thus, while ss/e has grown, the amount of f. :m inputs purchased has actually increased. But. with tiie withdrawal of a; res from production, the same could not IK - said, the SUI re: eareher." < xplain. Discussing the reasons that the number of farms in Iowa is decreasing, thiy state that, first, technological changes have worked in favor of larger farms. The second reason is to be found in the decline in farm income. Tiie more efficient farm operators have acquired, either by renting or buying, lands of less efficient operators. New techniques have increased the cost of entering the farm business. Thus, the prospective farmer with a few hundred dollars finds no encouragement to enter and the less- than-efficient farmer finds it to his advantage to quit. Net farm income in Iowa in the interval 1950-52 averaged $5,200 per year. Since then it has fallen significantly. It dropped to $4,100 in the next three years, rising to S4.500 in the years 1956-58. Since then it has continued to decline. Had th< re not been a continuous increase in size during these years, the income figures would be even lower. During the years since the close of World War II, a large part of the out-migration was the result of the revolution in agriculture. The evidence of this can be found in the declining number of farms. From 1945-60 there was a 2.78 per cent decline; 1950-54. a 5.03 per cent decline, and 1954-59 a 7.99 per cent decline. In the latest five-year period (1954-59; 23 counties had declines exceeding 10 Dcr cent in the number of farms. Note, however, that this is not a decline in acres under cultivation, the SUI men add. As might be expected, the 23 counties with more than a 10 per cent drop in the number of farms were principally in the southern two tii rs. In 1!»4T> the number of faims in the ;uutli<rn tw > tiers of counties accounted f<r 17.4 per cent of the total farm- in Iowa, and their loss during the p; rio:l 1945-50 was 30 per cent of the total losses. In 1950-54 the respective per cents were 17 1 per cent of total farms and 28.82 per cent of the losses. In 1954 it had 16.5 per cent of the farms and in the per- ido 1954-59 only 18.3 per cent of the losses. While some may try to find consolation in the apparent decline in the rate of Ions for the y t ars 1954-59. in comparison with the prior five year- actually that change came about because of an accelerated rate ri !" - in tl,e northern counties, rcy.rt the SUI researchers. Summarizing th- ciiir nt role • > 1: v.'a r.;?re u 't' they note *'« ;t ir in and yea; out, Iowa's i( silturo continues to rank second in the nation, exceeded only by the output of California. We are first in the production of hogs; second to Illinois in the production of corn; and second to Texas in the numl • r of beef cattle on the farms. "With 25 per cent of all the Grade-A land of the United States within our borders, it is not sur prising that we have been and continue to be one of the most important of the food-producing states," the SUI researchers conclude. Now! A gas beater that giyes WHOLE HOUSE comfort j The secret is monoGRRfirs 3-tog Circulation f - - - - MR. FARMER Why Sell Your Soybeans Below The Support Price? CHECK WITH THE FAYETTE SOYBEAN MILL They have a bonded Warehouse with approximately 80,000 bu. storage available for your convenience. Call 119 Fayette or 144 West Union. FAYETTE SOYBEAN MILL Fayette, Iowa 1. Warm alt circulates from top 2. Powerful Blower* spreads heal on floors 3. Radiated heat thru the front $122 75 EASY TERMS • Saves up to 40% on fuel cost • Automatic controls • For IP-Gas, Natural or Mfd. Gas Enjoy uniform warmth and comfort in every room—with the new Monogram heater. Cast iron burner with exclusive mill slot ports and special cast iron heat chamber assure more heat from every dollar's worth of fuel. Beige or browntone porcelain enamel finish. Models in all sizes—to heat from two to seven rooms. See them today { •Blower optional • qvipmenl E. H. CARLEY Plumbing & Heating For fall plow-down ahead of corn and milo... Fertilize now with our "custom-blend" and save valuable spring hours You'll save many spring planting hours by fertilizing now. It's faster to use bulk material because it handles faster... is always ready for use. You save work, too, because bulk, reduces handling time. For that reason we can sell for less... bulk costs us less. No bags or bagging costs. No high handling costs to cover. Here's how our program works: AFTER A SOIL TEST shows you exactly what your fields need for top yields— WE "CUSTOM-MIXV just the right balance of nitrogen,* phosphate and potash in bulk quantity for the complete application. These materials are properly mixed to assure even distribution without separation. 1 YOU GET a uniform, high-analysis plant food in free-flowing granules. One easy application gives your crops exactly what they need to make top yield* Give us a call7c* better yet, ^jjjtop in and visit next time you're in townj •Moiuonto E-34D Ammonium \Nitraf* Lloyd Pattison & Sons special prices on new gas water heaters Oceans of hot water — just think, as much as 700 gallons of hot water in 24 hours fvom this 30 gallon size gas water heater. That's enough for laundry, dishes, baths and cleaning — all the same day. Fayette, Iowa Phone 160

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