Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 17, 1898 · Page 3
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December 17, 1898

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 3

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Alton, Illinois
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Saturday, December 17, 1898
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DON'T LOOK FOR PLAWS. Pon't look for Haws as yon go Ibroug life; And even when you 11 ml them It, In \vlso (iiul kind to ho somowhn Mind, And look for tlic vlrluo behind then For HID rloudlost night ims a'bint o tllC light Somewhere In IU ahndoWH hiding; It Is hotter by fnr to bunt for a star Tlmn the spots on the sun abiding. Tim eiim-nt of life runs over nv/iiy To the bosom of <Sod's grent ocean; Don't Hot your force 'gainst the river's course And tbluk to alter Us motion. Don't waste n curse on the universe— Itemcmbor, It lived before you. Dou't 'butt nt tbo storm with youi puny form, But. bend mid let It lly o'er you. The world will novel- ndjunt Itself To suit'your whim to the letter; Some things -must BO wrong your whole life long, Ami I ho sooner you know It the better. It Is folly to fight with the Infinite, And go under nt last In the wrestle. The wiser man shapes Into Clod's plan AB the water shapes Into the vessel. —Progressive Age WAS IT MURDER? Rome years ago I was well off, ami received tiho eilucnllon and bringing up of n gentleman; but partly tliroug.'.i my own folly and partly through mi- fortunate speculatIons, I gradually lost all my capital, and about two years ago I found myself penniless, and saw starvation grinning at mo wH.hiii measurable distance. Then I determined to attempt no loiiper to kcej) up appearances, but to try to earn n bare existence; In any walk of life that .was open to me. After some fruitless efforts I obtained, through 1he kindness of a gentleman connected •with the Great 'Junction Hallway, England, Hie position of locomotive Ill-email. 1 never was given to drlnl;. so that I was well enough able to fulfill the duties of my new position. I am now a station master, and It is during my few hours of leisure that 1 prepare this plain narrative for the decision of a discerning public. It Is a great point for the "stoker" ' to be on good terms with the engineer. mid I generally found little trouble lu making friends witli my nearest traveling companion. On tliu day when I wont through 'the most disagreeable experience of my Jlfe I was traveling from Paddiugton to Cowehester on the well-known—to railway employees—engine named "Pluto." She is a fine, upstanding, twld sort of engine, and when in good temper does her work right well. The engine driver on this occasion was a man mimed Jobu Morgan. I had not often traveled with him before, only two or three times, and I never could Set on comfortably witli him. He had );eeu many years In the company's Borvice, and bore an excellent character for steadiness, but was considered rather taciturn. Ho seemed to be always in !:!x; sulks, and was, I suppose, of a sm'ly temper. ftefore we started be hardly answered any remark I addressed to him, and seemed more surly , than usual. When the head guard gave the signal, and Morgan turned the handle, wo moved slowly and steadily cut of the station. When we got well out .into the country Morgan tnniod to me ami said, shortly: •"More coal." Now, in my opinion, no more coal wa^ wanted, as there was quite •enough In the lire to keep up the usual speed. However, as a stoker, I was only an underling, and must obey reasonable orders. So I stoked as bidden and then curiously watched to see K the engine driver would turn on full speed. He did nothing of tbo sort, but sat with his back to the boiler and began to talk to me quite affably. Among other things he said he was quite tired of this perpetual traveling, and that he meant to look out for a wife with a little money and never set foot on an engine again. AVe had be fore us a run of an hour and a half and by that time were due at Hllnton. a big junction, at which every (rain must stop, BO we had plumy of time to talk. About an hour after leaving T'ad- illngton Morgan stopped suddenly ';i the middle of a sentence and said: "Well, I must get to work now." Then lie opened the ilrvbox and called out to me: "More coal." I expostulated with him and pointed out that we were going at a h{£h rale of s}ieed, and would not need more coal before lIMnton; but this seemed to excite him terribly. ".Shovel it In!" he roared, with an oath; "I'm going 10 make her travel." To satisfy him, I look up a shovel- ful, and managed to upset a good deal of it before I reached the lirebox. "You clumsy fool!" he called out; "here, give It to me;" and snatching the shovel out of my hands, lie crammed on as much coal as he could got In. I was beginning to get alarmed; and looking out over the well-known country—for I had traveled (but Journey many and many a time before— saw that we were much nearer to Hllnton than we ought to be at that hour. Ill a IV\v minutes onr speed InrcaKcd enormously, and 1 calculated we werj traveling at the rate of seventy miles iln hour. 1 called bis attention to the fact, and begged him to reduce' the npoed, or we should run Into Hllnton Without being able to slop, """""flu ha!" he cried In reply. "Stop! I'm never going to stop again! 1 told yon I'd make her travel. What do yon want to stop for? (let on, old wench, get on!" Then he burst Into a hideous peal of laughter. A fold « wen I of jih«olut(> (error broke out on me as I realized the stale of tilings. Here was a raving iimuliu', a far stronger man than my gelf. In charge of a train full of iieoplc. The train rushed on with Incredible speed, not steadily and evenly, bu; with leaps and boiindK, (but threatened to cant the engine off the Hue at every yard. There WIIB no doubt the mini wan a» mad as a man could tK% and he was also muster of the situation. I made one effort to roach the handle by which the steam Is turned off; but the nindmuu was loo sharp lor oi«. "No you don't!" ho shouted. Ilu brought Ills shovel down with » train. Outside (bo windows wer hands gesticulating „,„) fvis.'lilcne( alarmed fan*. At the end of the tial the guard was waving a red Mat. Something mitHt he ,i,,iie, and by in or we should all bo Itir-vllably lost, made up my mind. I turned' („ M,,i gnu with n smllr- mi my face, and said: "Old boy, you're ipillp right Ibis is a line puce; but II ain't (pill fast enough. Look here!" and caught him by Hie arm and led him t the side of t| nglne next to the dou hie rail. "See," I cried, "there Is ai other train coming up faster than us and she will jm HH ,, H; we must g< faster; but let's see llrst who Is drlv ing her. Lean out and look. Cnu yoi SCO?'' The poor maniac slopped outside Hi rail and leaned forward to look for th Imaginary train, when I gave him i sudden push and ,he fell lu a heap m the side rails and was killed on th spot. With n gasp of relief I sprang back to the engine, and turned off the steam. It was not » moment toe soon. We were well In sight of Hlln t(in Junction before 1 had the train properly under control. 1 pulled up n( (he platform till right, and then fainted. AVben 1 came do I was lying on a hencli In Hie waiting room, and tlu Inspector was standing over me, wlt'i Ills notebook in his bund, prepared to take down my statement. What I slated was, that the engine-driver had gone mad. and that, to save the lives •>( (he passengers, I had knocked him :>(T Hie engine .lust In time to get th' train under control before running Ino the station. This was corroborated iy the guard and several passengers, md tuo case was 'brought before the solicitors of Hie company. I gave ny evidence at. the Inquest and heiml 10 more of the matter until one day be passenger siipe.rlntendon.t handed ue ten sovereigns and a letter ap- minting me station master at Little. Uudford. It was evident Hie dlrect- rs condoned my conduct, and I hope hat my readers will agree with them, nd, in eonsideratilon of my having avert a tralnful of people, will acquit ic of murder and bring In a verdict f justifiable homicide. GREAT BAPTISM OP FIRE. The Scourge of the Land Is the Annual Burning of Forests. In 1871 Wisconsin bad Its greatest baptism of Hume. In four hours Peshtigo, Oconto and Meuekiuince were obliterated. 400 square miles of territory were converted into a smoking waste and 1.200 persons perished. Yet in the face of these appalling conflagrations, and those of 1881 and 1894, and to-day's tragedy In the Gogeblc. there's not a doubt that in 1899 history will repent Itself. In Finland, where the French custom of saiM.ige is largely followed tin- del' the name of kaskl, wood Is regarded as one. of the elements, like air or water, and Is burned without stint. The forest is fired to prepare (tie ground for tillage. In a year or two the land bccames hopelessly barren. In India the practice prevai under the name of koomaree. In tl district of Mysore alone 00,000 me arc annually engaged in the grb work. One or two crops, then a ce s'ltion of all vegetation. In Ceylon th condoned offense is known as chem In Sweden, under the title of sved, is oflicially permitted once In (went years. It would seem that sved has becom a stattTceremonial In Wisconsin. Micl Igun and Minnesota. In 18-10, I twenty-seven counties of norther Wisconsin there was 129,000,000,00 feet of standing pine. Up to the pres cut time about 80,000,000,000 feet o this has been cut and 26.000,000,00 feet destroyed by lire. Fifty year ago Michigan boasted of her 150,000 000.000 feet of waving conifers. T<: day but one-liftb of that remains. Ii Wisconsin, while the cut proceeds a Hie rate of 2,000.000.000 feet per an ir.'m. (he regrowib Is but. 2,000,000 Nothing so far has been done to re slock or protect these denuded land in our abutting slate and of the 17, 000,000 acres of remaining forest, ove one-half Is brule and practically ; bowling desert. The annual cut o timber In the three states nniuci would load a train of full-sized en Jienrlv 7.000 miles In length. Michi gan pine is the most valuable of an —$4.G7 per 1,000 feel, ngalnst $4 foi Wisconsin and $3.21 for the Mlniiosot: product. Out of Hie 28,000.00(1 acres of privately owned timber lands Ii this country, 'nearly 11,000.000 acres- are located in the lake croup ol stales. Tliat lire Is the scourge of the lam the facts recited prove beyond n doubt iH'rii'L' the lust three decades then has been a compounding increase ol J'oivsl loss, by lire throughout the en lire country of 80 per cent, for end ten years. The farmer must sbonldei the chief responsibility. Of 3,000 cnsijs reported nearly one-half wen the result of brush llres In clearings one-lifth were caused by careless hunters; one-sixth by locomotives, am thirty-two only were traceable to llgli' ning. im'iils. He In effect says llic nut mn "'111 do Ills part of (he work If Icf »'< Tho«o who have wntchr Slw.ii In Ids races will have notice !'<•«• be jumps off rapidly, and n once settles down on his how, nil I* not coiMlflittly changing his pos lion In the saddle, or Inlerferlnir wit (be special step of (he horse; tveaus It must be remembered that eac' borsv, IlUe cadi man, has ills or he special mode of progression. Sloaj simply makes himself one with hi horse In movement; he does not offeiii the naturally sensitive lemperamen of such a beautiful rrc.ilurc as n thoroughbred horse; be do ( s not sac rlflce a race for Hie sake of making nn artistic ilnlsh, but with unequalc skill and judgment, and with a coo! Intelligent bead, be wins his race when and how he can. always reniem berlng that friction means loss o energy, and that Interference with horse's method means loss of power and opposition to nature. For in part, I am glad to see Tod Sloan on our rnce courses. It will, I hope, be Ihe cause of young men who are o light weight, good traditions and In telllgvnce making .lockeyslilp their calling. There Is ample room for ilieni. and they might serve a gooi nit-pose." tremendous blow on the rail at my side, Just uilBHlnjf my head. It WHS plain I coulil do nothing by force. Would stratagem bo of any unc*V J looked out lo the country; tin* was running abort; »-e were not more- tuau twenty miles from Blluton Junction! «ud if we did not titop there the ; Whole train uiunt Inevitably bo wreek- ' J nnd probaMy not one passenger rould I'Bcupo uninjured, and tout few their live*. I looked buck 10 the ' Tod Sloan's Riding.. The loplc In London is Ihe riding ol Ihe American Jockey, Sloan. Thousands wbo only lake the most Interest in (lie lurf, but arc always attracted by great horsemanship, an asking expert advice on the Intrlnsh merits of the American style of riding.. A sporltiinan has written an instructive K'ller on 'the subject. IK says: "Let me see whether 1 can give an expliinailon of Sloan's wiecis<. In Ihe llrst distance 1 sln.uld say lie Is a man of absolute courage; and II is this which, combined with kindness, wins the confidence of all Ihe lou'er animals and is Ihe Ural ess'iillal of a good jockev. Horses are wonderful judges of character. Secondly, Sloan's position, exactly that of a monkey on a slick, does offer lews opposition lo the air than Ihe ordinary seat of a horseman. In nclen- tillc phraseology, ll diminishes the friction to a minimum. Again, this po.xltlon enables him to grasp the rcluH within a foot of the horse'H iroutb, and the nearer the object to be guided the more accurately can bo applied the directing force. Thirdly, Kloan, I am convinced, recognizes the great fact that if we uru either In n iruln or In u conveyance or on liorac- back v/«i can become ouu with the ma»H If we Hit mill. Thin IH proved by the well-known fact Unit a circus rider does not Jump over the banners; he simply lets his body become a moving mass with the horse, and as be approaches the banner be jumps bitu Die air. Tlic Impetus which be IUIH obtained from the borne carries him over Hi- banner nearly as quickly us the horse has traveled, but If we wnlch the bareback rider we tdiall see that be lutci'fcrlug With lliu does nut keep horse's muve- Benjamln Franklin's Nepotism. In the Century Paul Leicester Ford writes of "Franklin's Family Itela- tlons," the llrst of a series of papers >n "The Many-sided Franklin," which le will contribute to that magazine. 3f Franklin's grandson. Benjamin franklin Hache, Mr. Ford says: When Franklin went to France In 177(1, he ook his grandson with him, to "give ilm a little French language nnd address." AVitli still other ends In view, so soon as he was settled In Paris, he 'sent him to finish his education at ieneva," as "I intend him for a Pres- Jyterian as well as a republican.'' lore the boy remained four years, and hen returned .to live wirli his grand- ather, who wrote the mother: "I have i great deal of pleasure lu Ben. Ue a good honest lad, and will make, I hlulc, a valuable man." "He gains billy upon my affection," and "we ove him very much." Young Rnche ame to America with his grandfather, md by his aid was established us a irlnter, Franklin supplying all the quipmcnt for fhe ollice, which he left ilm In his will, together w itb other roperly. In Ills behalf, also, be asked Vashlngton for some public office, an pplleation which shared the same ate as that he <lmd made for his other randson, by being refused. It was be common feeling of the time that 'rankllu had used bis civil ollice to erve- his family more tlian to serve he public, and so there was sufficient irojtidicc to make exclusion of his datives almost a policy with the new overumeut. This discrimination, lu me, led to III feeling, and eventually ienjamln Franklin Bnc'be became the :andai'd-bearer of the journalists wbo bused Washington. Insects and Disease. Nothing could moro strikingly Illustrate the 'importance, of small things ('ban the large role which is now attributed to the mosquito in the etiology of some, of Che most serious and widespread diseases to which the human race Is subject. It Is truly said thnt what prevents the successful colonization of many tropical countries, and what throws the great obstacle in (he way of civilization and good government; in tbo vast regions of Central Africa, Is not climate, not distance from home, and not unfriendliness on Ihe part of (he natives. The obsbiclu is malaria, and now we find that the prevalence of malaria, so far as man Is concerned, depends on the mosquito, and that this pestilent little Jnsecr. ! in addition to Irritating and annoying Is the means by which the poison of Colil Hnrn». Those whose cattle barn* are not warm enough to work In comfortably without nn overcoat and mittens In the winter, or even without any coat In ordinary winter won I her, may be sure they are Hot ivnrin enough for the cows lo do Iliclr best In. or for calves nnd young stock to grow rapidly without exlra allowance of healing food. Covering up cracks and seeing Hint windows nnd doors shut snugly will help some, but we remember when n, boy, nnd when rows were kept In a burn with uiishlngled Bides nnd ends, having to help line the walls back of the stock with old boards and slnbs milled on the inside of the posts nnd stufllngthespnco between this lining and the outer boards with bog liny, so that no wind could t'omo through. Taking out the old board slide window where the manure was thrown out Into the yard and putting in a larger bnlf window from an old building, so that we had light enough to take cnre of the cows without leaving door or window open, wns another Improvement, nnd nil was done at small expense and but little labor, which were Important considerations lu those days to poor farmers trying to do the best they could with what they had.—Boston Cultivator. A Onto that Will Not SIIK. If the posts are well set there will be but little danger of the gate sagging, particularly it It be made as the one shown In HIL> Illustration. In the tops of the short nnd long posts bore boles for receiving gate hinges, then (111 them with linseed oil to net as a preservative. Insert a piece of gns pipe to prevent wear, or use an Iron washer n. The hinges a and b are cheaper than ordl- NOT SAO. nary hinges and can be made by any jlacksmith. By use of the lever e the atch can be raised without walking to he end, then following It around. The small wheel d on a swivel Is the most mportaut elcmeut in preventing sagging. It can be made of wood and lence Is very cheap. Light material may be used In making this gate, yet It will be very strong.—American culturist. Agri- Fall Treatment for Trees. We like best to receive trees In the '.ill. but they should not be planted null early spring. Trees received this 'all should be burled in a cool, frost- iroot cellar, when they will not wither; r buried outside In a trench lu a dry mnk. Our method Is to dig out a rench two feet deep, two or more feet vide, and long enough to hold what rees wo have to carry over. Begln- liug at one end slope the bank so that vlien tb.e first trees are laid in a slanl- ng position the roots will be a foot or nore below the surface level and the ops just about on the level. The buu- les should be opened, the trees laid In nd the roots lightly covered with tine, nellow earth, caro being taken that very space between the roots and terns Js filled. Then another layer Is iut lu with the roots beyond the first with the trunks over the roots of them, which hn* hod its pffc'ct In slbmilntlnff prices nivi malting them (Inn. Buyers crowd the large slock mnrkcls nnd m.iny return home without obtaining what they wnnt. It Is next to Impossible to pick up feeders in Hie country, for every man wbo has n few of them hns bis price BO high that there seems no margin In It for the feeder, and feeding for fun with some of them has gone out of style. .Another reason why they nre so scarce on farina Is thnt breeding flocks nre scarce, and an order to pick tip nny large number of them would menu n great deal of traveling. How Mnny Fowls In o Hongr. In making preparation*'for the winter quarters of the fowls do not commit the error of crowding thirty Into n room only Inrge enough for twenty. Om; of the enuses of dlsensc Is thnt of crowd- Ing Ihe fowls and then attempting lo overcome the evil by ventilation. When there nre loo mnny bens together the bent of their bodies causes ascending currents of nlr, nnd as the wnrm nlr rises the cold nlr comes lu. If there Is a top veiilllntor the wnrm nlr will pn»s out nl the upper portion of the vciiUln- lor, while a current of cold nlr will nlno come In nt the lower portion, which passes over the bends of the fowls, and causes the well-known cnses of swelled head and eyes, or lends to roup. No poultry house will require a ventilator If the hens are not crowded. A dozen hens In n house leu by ten feet are sulllclenr. and nny excess over thnt number will render the whole liable to disease. AilnptltiK 1'lnntn to Climate. Nature always tries to adapt plants or animals to their environment. The more hardy or (hose best adapted to (he cllmnle survive, and thus hardier breeds are established. There's a limit lo tills, doubtless, though It would bo bard to place It. Hy crowing pencil trees In the North from .Northern-grown pencil stones we shall bo likely to se- cnro a hardier variety of peach trees than as if peach trees were grown from seed produced In the South. Seed corn grown South will not ripen as early, and therefore requires a longer season than that grown hero. Possibly by growing some plant not acclimated hero, under the most unfavorable circumstances we may produce varieties that will be hardy enough to succeed.— American Cultivator. Keeping Cahtmcc. The best way to keep cabbage is to dig a trench In a dry place as deep as the stalks are long. In this trench set the cabbage beads up, lillbi).,' ' the trench about the roots and stalks with the soil taken out In digging It. The heads should be packed closely together and, when all are In, covered with straw over which soil is tin-own deeply enough to prevent rains from getting In. This need not l»c very deep, as a row of sods on top of the ridge will act a.s a watershed. Cabbage buried In this way tills out during the winter and quite loose beads will be solid and hard .when taken out, and the whole head will IK; blanched until crisp, sweet and tender. FOR 1IIB VOUNO FOLKi I.ITTr.T! Mil. PtiBAHA\TPAf-U Iiittlo Mislor Plensntitfnco, Quito nt homo in any place; Nothing in tbn world to do But to stnml nnd grin nt you While bis mirth-comjwlliiig whim Mnken you st-nro nnd grin nt him And bis qunint, old fashioned uim And the garments thnt be wcnrs. Wonder wlmt he's smiling for ? Just, for fun, it may be, or Simply Initgbing at himnolf— Hitch an odd, good-tintiired olf. Don't you wish you bad bin lint And tbn nother giuinciits that Have iho pockets, bulging out With two chubby lists, no doubt? Mister J'lcanantface can toll Where tins liuppydiniples dwell— Those queer wiiults that wink nt you From n rounded chunk or two — For ho captured some, I know, And his grins, tlic pictures show, Hnnrod them BO socurely they Himply could not break n\vny ! CIIII.I>HKN'S PETS. Children in Japan have some pots that would b.i thought struiigo b.y tbo littlo boys ami girls of America. Among them uro tiny dogs and rnb- bits, nud u queer brood of eats, which have whito fur with black nud yellow spots, and they bnvo no tails. Families iu moderate circumstances usually bnvo an aquarium well stocked with curious varieties of fish of bonii- tiful colorit, such as gold, silver and crimson, some with Bpronding (his ns fine us gauze, and others round IIH a ball. Tho most remarkable, pot, however, is the large katydid. They are kept in bamboo cages built like small bonnes, in which tlio cbildrtn arrange beds o! fresh flowers or leaves daily. Brightly colored butterflies nro Home- tinios kept in tbcoo cages. In Jnpnn tbo birds do not show (be least, fear of people, and butterflies will alight voluntarily on children's bauds. on until nil are in. then covering (he whole with earth and rounding over the top so that water will not run Into the trench. This work Is best done early lu November.—Farm, Stock and Home. malaria is propagated and distributed, covering with the soil us before, and so For years past botanists have known the Important part played by birds In the .scattering of seed, and of Insects In the distribution of fjiu pollen 01! plants, and it seems not unlikely that patbologlsts will have to recognize In a much larger degree than has till lately been done tliq large part taken by the subordinate forms of life by which we are surrounded—our cattk our horses, our dogs and cats, our Hie;our mosqnitos, and perhaps even oil liens—In distributing disease frou man to man, and, a.s is stated in re g.'ird to our mosquito and ni'ilaria, ii .leeidlng whether Hie extension of ou empire over great areas of Hie globe'. surface shall be possible or iiot.—Ilos pltal. Hour Cholera Cure. The Government formula for hog cholera, as given Id bulletin No. 157, of the. Michigan Experiment Station, is one pound each of sulphur, wood charcoal, sulphate of soda and sulphide of, antimony, and two pounds each of salt, bicarbonate of soda and hyposulphate of soda. The dose Is a teaspoonful to each 200-pound bog, given In a little water, shaken thoroughly, with a small bottle. Protection for IliiBkcra. To protect your bauds, In biisklug, get a few yards of cotton flannel and make the mitts yourself, putting the fuzzy side outside, aud patch the palm and tbuniband get a cau of pine tar and tar the patch, aud It will lust twice as long. When worn through remove the patch and do as before. This may be repeated many times before one pair of mittens becomes useless. The Maine's Orders for Havana. Captain Charles I). Slgsbee has con tributed to Hie Century liie lirst por lion of his "I'erson.'il Narrallve of tin Maine." Captain Mgsbee says: "Ad iniral ,Sic:ird announced that be hai received Instructions from the Navj Department to scud Hie Maine lo Hii i-iiiia. I do not know personally tl» irecise reason which Induced the l.'nl led States government to act ai thai liartlenlar time. My orders were to iroceed lo Havana and make a friend y visit. I was left to act accordlufe o my own Judgment, |in the usua way; Cliat Is to say, It Was nudoubt 'dly assumed that 1 would know how o .ict on my arrival In Havana, and il ivas Intended to hold me responsiblt or my acll'jn. The Rllnation seemed 0 call for nothing more than n strict- y careful adherence to the well-known onus of naval procedure and courtesy, t was to be expected that the Spnnlsii icople In Havana would prefer thai he .Maine should slay away; bur will 1 lingering insurrection, the end of vhh'li was nol in sight, with American ntercsls In Cuba affected adversely, ud American citizens in Cuba alarm- d for their safely, Ihe fulled States ind decided lo show Its Hag from a lb; vessel lu Cuban waters. It Is julle certain thai I gave myself MO 'oneeru over the peculiarities of the Ituallon, My vessel was selected to 0 to Havana, and I was gratllled at he choice, Just iu any other com- Handing ollicor would have been. I olunteered the remark lo Admiral •i lea I'd that I should try to muke no ilstakcH. The Slimcie Twine. En; and Chung, known au the Slam- KO twins, were born of a Chinese iilher and a Hlamese mother In Slam, Mid! 15, Mil. They died lu North 'arolhm January 17, 18T4. They rure Jollied to one another by a tiliorl iibultir cartilaginous band, liming.i •bleb their livers and hepatic vctwel/; oinmunli'utetl. They were hruuunt 1 America fur exhibition In 18'JW, and fier milking u compelency Ju various iiiulrleH settled In North Carolina, bey married bUU'i'tt In 1KJ1.'. Iu 8(iU they again exhibited themselves i ICuro"". The one survived llw Iher two bnurs aud u half,- Detroit rcc, IVim A Ifundy AVnjfon Fcut. A very handy seat for use In hauling without the wagou box Is made as follows; A !s an old mower seat with the stem bctit lu the proper shape to tit on the front side of the front bolster and reach down to the coupling pole. B Is n piece of Hat steel bent to Jit over the bolster and Is fastened lo the with two bolts as WAOOJf SKAT. down hi'Mnd, and spring of t!ie seat shown, and C Is another piece of Iron or steel bo'ii In the proper shape for the seal spring lo 111 in, aud Is fastened to the sand board wllb (wo bolts. This must be. II'.ted up close so as to hold the seat lu the right place, and when you want to put on u load Just raise the seat up anil take It oil', and when load Is on throw ll on lop and you will have a comfortabl-.- sent.—ICpltorn 1st. Worm l)lacunes. A rondel 1 complains of fowls dying, nnd upon •.•x.'imlnailon found them full r>f SOUK? sTieclcs of tape-worm. Separ- iite the fewls that seem sick and take care that all the poultry manure Is put where lb"re Is no danger of Its spreading I he disease. Quicklime mixed wllh the maii'ire will kill the eggs of par- iisllcs. To cure the sick fowls give from OIK- to three teaspooufuls of tnr- pciidnc, according to the sly.e of Hie i-hlckeii: too much turpentine will kill I he bird. Medicine is of litHe use unless the ;'ard is kepi clean and (he manure disposed uf safely.- roullry World. ViTuetublcH a» 1'ecd forKtock, Tliu fi'i'dlng of pumpkins, beets, carrots, tu'.nlps and potatoes lo cattle should le done with the view more of inkling Uirlety to Ihe food limn to give such articles as portions of the regular ration, (train and bay are the best of all foMds for cows In winter, bill the animals appreciate a change from tbo dry foo'is to ensilage or vegetables. I'umpkliis, beets aud currots may bo sliced a,ul fed raw, but potatoes and turnips thould be cooked and thickened wllb bran uud corn meal by way of uddltiK (o tliu variety. T.1IUB AnluinU In I'uvturc. Farm.-rs during the fall often want 0 tie ulieep or calves In after feud. Ill- Bteud o/ the customary swing pole. like a (.oinuinn smooth fence wire (any ength) and fasten the ends to slakes set the proper distance, apart (or to rccH). Before fubtuiilutr bulb ends slip 1 ring on the wire and lie your animal o rlnf. I'laeo an obstruction on the wire the same distance from each take that the lie rope i» In length. This ''an be done by driving u spike between the strands uf wire. KiMirultr at Feed or*. FeHliig itln'ep are scarce anil several luls 'ilgliiT In prlcu limn they were ast year. The demand for lliem Is even tlmu It dun bet'u for yeiira, Kcpiiiring Koadti. But little can be done to the roads In winter except to fill up the boles with coarse gravel. The time to gravel the roads Is lu April, as they will be fairly' well packed by .Tune, aud will require only occasional leveling with the road scraper. Well-made gravel roads nre considered the best If kept iu good condition every year. Mulch for Strawberries. The best mulch for a strawberry bed Is Hue horse, manure. Karly In the spring It should be raked oil' the rows and worked In close to the plains, using salt, bay or any clean material In Us place on the rows a.s a mulch after the plants are well grown, so as to protect the fruit from dirt and shade the soil. CdorlcH* OnioiiH. It Is said that an odorless onion has been Introduced, willed is expected to gain favor, bin If the odor Is removed (here will be nothing k-l't In Hie onion lo admire. While Ihe odor may be disagreeable to some, yel there are others who prefer It. Onions of mild flavor have been known for many years. To DcHtroy Weevil Destroying weevil In peas or grains can be accomplished by pulling Ihe peas lu a box or barrel having a tlglit- Illllng cover, placing bisulphide of carbon In a saucer on lop of ibe peas, leaving Ihe covers on for twenty-four hours. Then turn tin; peas out, air them and return lo (he barrel. For Home* t'hnkliiu on Oatti. Horses frequently choke In eallug oals, few remedies are Unown, and If not relieved Hie result Is filial to the horse. A little water Hirown Into Hi" car will cause the horse to violently shake Ills bead. The remedy has never been known lo fall. t-cruiultlt'd TUIIIHloeH, Hemove the skin and hard blis care fully, cul In dice, sprinkle wllb sail, pepper and enough sugar to give richness wllhoilt perceptible sweetness. Allow six eggs lo a large lumaln; break, but do not xllr until Hie pan Is hot, and ll Is nearly lime In serve. When ready, melt a Icnspoonfnl of butter In the pan, add two tahlciypooiifuls of milk together, allow (o foam a trifle, remove from the hoi |mi'i of the stove and serve before the eggs become tough. The tomatoes must be very ripe, as lhey are cooked so lit He. If desired, the tomatoes may .!«• healed through Ix-forc adding. IIO'.V.S IX ANCIKNT TIMES. While universally used by tbo an- ciouts, the form of tbo bow varied with different nations. The Scythian bow, according to n writer in Ijippin- cott's, wan in tbo form of the letter C, and the bow of tbo Tartars—descendants of tbeSeythiauB—still keeps that shape. The Greek bow was not more tlmu three or four feot in length, but so stout and stiff tbnt it required considerable strength nnd skill to use it. It is said thnt tbo lirst Greek bows were made from the horns of a Bpecies of goat, the bases being united by uieuuH of a metallic bund, Afterward other material was used iu their manufacture, but they still retained their original shape. These bows were too short to be of much use, nnd, comparatively speaking, but a small portion of Uie troops were armed with them. The Boniaus carried the bow to Britain, where it at once obtained favor, and during the Middle Ages i was extensively used, forming an important element of the armies of thai period. The English archers were said to be the finest in the world, uud their skill decided tbo battles of Creoy, Poitiers, and Agiucourt. Tho bows used -were of two kinds—the long bow and the arbalest or cross-bow. The arbalest wus made of steel or born, and wns of such strength and stiffness that it was uecessnry to use some mechanical appliance to .bend it nnd adjust tbo string. Tho nrbnlestiers carried a quiver with fifty nrrows, aud were placed in the van of the battle. BILLY Till! (1OAT. Billy was n very, funny goat. He liked bnbiea aud would always walk up to n passing Imby carriage to bo patted, much to the fright of the nurse. Billy dearly loved to get into the house, where he was not alloWed nt nil. Sometimes in winter lie would watch tbo kitchen door, and when it was opened by any one be would push his way in and stand by the stove, as if be really enjoyed the warmth. But he was soon scut out, for he had u nice stall in the stable, and a very thick, warm fur coat of his own. One day in tbo spring, when all the family were out except maid Norn, she board footsteps up stairs. Wondering if tho family had returned without her knowing it, she ran up and looked about. What do you think she saw? Why, it was thnt inis- mischievous Billy, walking in front of t!ie loi.g mirror in one of the sleeping rooms. Ho wns bowing and nodding lo the other Billy be saw in tbo glass. Papa brought Billy home to bis little boy F,ddio ns a surprise one bright, sunny day. \Vilb him came n n'no harness and u gig in which Kildic could ride. Sometimes he would take both sisters out for a ridu also. Now, Hilly did not always like lo go awny from home when Kddiu did. It often took throe boys to persuade him In go up the bill near Ibe bouse. Kddie pulled with the reins from bis bead, and b H two playfellows, rod in the face, pushed at Billy's buck. When ut lust they succ.codod in reaching the top of the bill, two of the boys bold him fast, while tbo third mounted the gig scut. When all was ready, the boyn would lot go their hold, and down tliu hill Billy would trot, never slopping uutil bo ran into bis stall in tbo stable. SonietinHM bo could bo coaxed (Jilt by giving him lumps of sugar, but even then Hilly wont away from homo very unu'illingly. Ho a/wayfi canu even inanimate objects like bells and houses—will bnvo wind hnrps fastened on their linden to innlto them fling while in the. nir, and will have eyes set loose in tlirsir bends, no tbnl when the wind blows the eyes \vil' turn nronnd nnd look ns if they wore winking nt you. Thorn nre long g!nn« trumpets, to bo blown likn bugles, tlmt give out n beautiful, clear note, Little nhnttlncocks mndo out of couple of cash bound together with red lontber ».nd with n bunch of tenth ers fastened in the bolts in the cash, which tb« children keep iu the nir by bumping with their bends and Btrik ing with their feet. Molds for making clay money, whistling tops thai spin ou n string bold between two sticks .small whistles to fasten on the (nils of pet pigeons to whistle as they fly You will nlso notice a lot of clay molds of dilTerent kiiidB of nnimnlH or frnils or other fniuilinr objects, oui for one cash you cnn tnkoyourchoice. Tbo toy-seller then opens up the bottom trny iu bis rear basket am shown n bowl of yollow cnudy set over a pan of burning cbnrcoul to keep i sort. He rubs n littlo Hour in tbo molds to keep the candy from stick ing, picks up n littlo of tho soft sweet, which bo works into a enp-shapn ii: bis lingers nud then draws out, clos ing up the bole. One end is drawl out longer than the othtr nud tbei: hiokcuoiT. Ho p'accs bin lips to tho brokenplncc and begins to blow, nui tbo lump of ciiudy slowly swells. Then bo claps tlio molds which yoi: bnvo chosen around it and gives r hard blow, breaks oil'the stem throng! which be has boon blowing, openotho molds, dips a little bamboo stick inti tbo soft sugnr and touches it to tin sido of tbo candy ligure in tbo mold, lifts it out of the mold and bnnds i lo you on the stick; all in mnch lean tiiuo than it tnkes to toll about it. RAILROADING IN CHINA. Its DllliculllcB and Humors Apropos ol Rccca Rols. Mr. Cox, who was recently assault ed near Peking. Cliimi, has had mau; similar experiences during the dozei years be has been railroad building 1: thu Cliibli Province, and has only ex trlcnted himself by dint of tact, pluck and good humor. lie has practical); for years carried bis life iu bis bant In 1890. for instance, during Hoods a mob, led by the soldiery of Lutal a military camp near Tk'ii-Tsiu, cu the railway rmbankincnt nnd destroy ed seven miles of Hue, their oltlcers eu couraglng them, and the eulightenei Viceroy Ll Hung Chang, in bis Yamei a few miles off, "layln 1 low and snyiu nufiin." The cause alleged was thu the embankment prevented the flooi water from running off, which, ai there were frequent outlets, was utte nonsense. Previous to that, attempt bad been made to wreck trains, and the lives of the foreign employes wen constantly threatened. I The life, too, of the foreUn guard 01 a (r.".in Is not always a happy onv .Mandarins' servant? without tickets take possession of n lirst-elass car riage; oat, drink, sleep, and perforu other functions m it. Perhaps they light a pan of charcoal to warm them selves if the/ weather is cold. Char coal has certain asphyxiating effects the other passengers complain, and Ihe servants have to be ejected. Too much violence might lead to n general attack on foreigners and another Tien Tsln massacre; while too lltllo wouli not be effective. The unhappy guari has (o follow (he "happy" mean between a good bard push and a mild knock-down blow. There have, of course, been many ludicrous as well as dangerous Incidents on the North China Lino. When it was llrst opened Chinos' would come to the booking office and try to bargain for tickets. When told the fare they would offer half aud gradually raise their bid, much disgusted (hat (hey should not, In a busl ness spirit, be met half way. One day a country gentleman on his lirst ride In a train seeing his bouse midway between two station* Ilyfng past deliberately opened the door aud stepped out Into space. At the pace ibe train w.'is going u European would certainly have been killed, but the supple Celestial, affer a prolonged sork-s of SOUK rsnnlts, was seen ID pick himself nw] bundle up. dust bis clothes, and set o(V homo across t.ho fields—much pleased with bis short cul. and the convenience of the "lire- wheel carriage." An u'iforlunnto railway coolie, equally Ignorant of (he laws of mechanics, did not get off so well. .Seeing two trucks coming at a snail's pace down a siding lie placed bis foot MI ibe rail lo stnii ilu'in. To his us- lonlshir.i-nt II was cul off, and lie learned, like Stcphcnsou's cow, that monii'iitiini .'s made up of mass as well as velocity. Hut In spite of everything, railways are bound lo prosper In a country where traveling is otherwise so slow and so dllllcult, carls anil ponies In Ihe north and boats in Ibe coiiili never doing more than thirty (o forty miles between dawn and dark. Hew to Drew Tea, The run It-man nf the government committee of ton experts declares that ff-w Americans understand how to make (en or how lo oblnln the maximum benefit from It. H should ba tnken between meals and without much food, when It becomes n harmless yet powerful tonic. ICnglnnd (Uncovered tbo secret long ngo, and hence the universal custom of the 0 o'clock tea. midway between tho luncheon, nnd dinner hour. The preparation ot the ten Is more Important than tho qunllty, for the best ten badly drnwu Is worthless. First, the wnter must bo fresh; nud. second. It must be thoroughly boiled for ten minutes; third, the ten must never be allowed to boll and must never draw over ten minutes, Prepared In this way, nud limiting the quantity to not more t!>nn live cups a day, "the world might drink ten for a century," says Hie expert, "without feeling any detrimental effect whatever." llnme-Mnile Ciimllen, Koine cardinal points to remember In the making of candle. 1 ) are Hint the Ihiest granulated sugar la preferable for cooked caudles; Hint sugar foi' candy should not be stirred while boll- ing; Hint butler should not bo added mull the candy is almost done; that cream and flavorings must always bo ndded after the cnudy is tnkeu from the lire or their richness will be lost; thai cream should always be used lu preference to milk; tbnt, falling cream, butter should be substituted; that pure fruit Juices—strawbcrr-y. pineapple, lemon and orange— make the best flavoring, and that vegetable colorlugg are best. In making Ihe colorings, remember that blood beets give a dark- red color; cranberry juice a delicate pink; fresh oplmicb, allowed to stand a day In a tablespoonfubof alcohol, gives a delicate green, uud Ihe yolk of egg or juico of a grated carrot will furnish yellow. To Improve Touigh Beef. Tough steaks aud even jotats may be served tender ajid appetizing with but slight extra trouble, if the example of certain French cooks Is followed; Indeed, they do not scorn to thus "Improve" even the tenderloin by allowing It to remain nil dny or over ulght IU a mixture thus made: Mix together carefully four ttlblespoonfuls of olive oil, salt and pepper to taste; 'two tnble- spoonfuls of chopped parsley, two or three peeled onions, ttiluly sliced, two bay leaves, aud the juice of half a large lemon. This Is to be divided aud half spread thoroughly on top of the meat and half under. If u cnn be managed, twenty-four hours will give still better results. Before cooking, It nny of the" mixture Is not absorbed. It must be wiped awny. Leaks from tho Kitchen. A lecturer on the wastefulness of American housekeepers estimates that 100,000 families could be fed with the food dully thrown away by hotels, restaurants and large private establishments In New York alone. The cause Is said to be the ubuudaucc of food and the bad cookery in America. If the ligures be correct New York is a big Held for domestic science missionaries. DellctoiiH Krittcra. Prepare pumpkins as for pies; make a batter of eggs, milk, Hour, pinch ot salt and use baking powder; then stfl* in (he pumpkin that has been mashed and strained; bake on buttered griddle; serve hot two at a time wllh powdered sugar and ground cinnamon between and on top,, Chow-Chow ttalud. Chop rod tomalocs, cucumbers and some onion together, sprinkle salt over them, then drain off all water. After (hey have set a while place In a snlad dish edged with lettuce leaves, aud wllh pepper aud vinegar added. lay rings of hard-boiled eggs over the top. I'ut on ice until ready for (able. Tlic Home T.*niimlrc*tt. Pipe clay dissolved in the washing wilier is an excellent thing for cleaning liny linen quickly and without much •xpciulilure of physical labor. It has ilso the properly of Improving (he color if (he clothes. A Noni-ili'scrlpt Montana r'jsli, One of Hie nn/si peculiar things that ever came lo Anaconda, .Montana, U a lish. The skin of this lish lias In-en on c.xlilbliion at Md'nli'licon's store. The llsli appears lo have been four feel Imig. Tile head Is the of the head of a niiiskalonge, ihc body, which appeared to be a fool and a hall long, rescind] a bunt shape Willie about Hie g back in a wuy (bat mado al tbo boys in the neighborhood laugl and Hbont. A VlUlillblc Manucerlpt, The original nianuucrlpt copy of American's rational tiyiim, "My Country, 'Tis of Thee," written lu JSSa. by Hiimuel Francla Smith, Is now In the famous Vatican library In Home. At one time It was owned by Uavld Pell Kc'i'or, of llrldgcporl, Conn., tho muiiu- Bcrlpl having been presented to him by Mr. Smllh. Uev. Mr. Mailer, while vls- Illiig Mr. Secor a few years ngo, saw It and suggested Hint It bhould lie sent lo Ibe Vatican library, wlu-ru many valuable curios nru helil. Some heiiK do not possess the egg-lny- liiK habit, and 110 system of CecilInjj will make ifouj layer* uf such liens. Till! I'lllNHKIC l'U]>HM!]|. Few, indeed, would bo tbi-ir play- tilings if tbo Cbinuuo children bud t( depend on toy stores for them. As il in, the poddlor is a fuiuilinr sight in every Chinese city, and when th cbildrun hour the gong of a toy-seller it is a signal for n rush to the front gates to cutcb him before be gets by, says tho Philadelphia Inquirer. At n cull thufio men ulip the polo from their shoulders unil not their bnukelH on the, ground, and there is ulwuys a group of children ready to gather around the A display uf ta'jSTcurried by ono of these toy-sellers includes many Ibiugu fuiuilinr to Americuus, though the ahapon Deem odd und lantuntir. C'luy fruita, dolls of ull kimln, pewter jewelry, earrings and huir ornaments, fire- cruckers of strunge shapes which will burdly ever go oil', umull carved idolu, littlu hoi'BCj, dogs, cum i) In and die- phuuU ull covered with rabbit fur, uud wagons with miiuio boxen under the Hout" tliitt grind out u tune us you pull tboni along. Other things Hoom stranger still, for thu kites, mudu iu Ibe uliupu of birds, libh, Hurpouts, drugouu, uud of a cattish, llebind I lie body Is abotii two foci of what looks t;iil, and in . i --:nne rosjiects j-e scm/tjes an ct J. This sirnnge looking fellow w: killed In .Mnssi^bi-od lake by .loc Caul Anaconda, while out on a hnniln and fishing trip In tin lil^ Hole coin try ivcenily. Mr. I'ase was flslilng I Ihe lake from a rail, when he K;I\ Ibis Nininge jiri/.e. \Viion he llrst s,'i\ il the llsh M-cmcd 10 be standing o UK head In the water, wllh the Ion tail slicking upward, .Mr. Case hail , ride wllli lil'n and look a -shot at it The bullet went through Ihe lull an Ihe lish was soon dead Father ol Slxly-Hve Children. Christopher 1.nylon, Hi 1 ., the Mor moil palrlarch who was burled recent Iy !n Kaysidle, I'lah, gloried In tin Hint h" was the father of sixty live children. The exact number of Ids wh'(-s Is nol definitely known, but It Is said that be had live. At an) raitc, Ibis Is Hut number (hat followed the body of Ibe bishop (o Its last resting place. 'In Ihe funeral corlcgi there we.e IIfly one of the slxly-Ilvt children (fourteen being dead), oni luiidred and forty grandchildren nnd due grcal grandchildren. Ilfshop .nylon was al one dine president ol •it. Joseph's Slake, Arizona. He wut an avowed polygamls! and always lived \\Mli several wives, lie did a great deal to build lip the Mormon church.- New York World. Hints. Keep salt In a dry place. Melted butler will not make a nice nice. (irate nutmegs at the blossom end r.-l. Veal should be while, dry aud close-' rained. .Million should be deep red uud close- grained. The colder eggs are Ihe greater wil! (hey froih. The best poultry has linn Ik'sli. yellow r-kin and legs. Lemons will keep for weeks If covered with cold wilier. Pastry, to be nice, .should be inadu when cold and kept so. Pork should be hue. close-grained aud the nnd smooth and ihiu. A brush dipped In salt water l» useful In cleaning bamboo furniture. Tho best beef Is moderately fat aud Hie Ib-sb of a bright red color. Soaji and chalk mixed and rubberi oil mildewed spots will remove them. Sandpaper will whiten Ivory handled knives which have become yellow I'roui age and use. Never Id Ivory handled knives lie lu ho! di.-diwalcr; nothing will HO soon discolor Ihe handles. Warm bread and cake- should be cul with a knife Hie libido of which has been healed by standing lu hot wulur. lltmeillci, Poliilocs boiled In a lime enisled leu kettle will clean ll. A hot plate placed on a immlnrU poul- lice will cause ll lo take- cITccl luiuiu- dlately. Wei salt Is Hie iiulvkcut uud wont easily procured remedy for the utlug ot .my insect. Wnler In which potatoes buvu beeu .died will MiCien and relievo ossified ilulu If applied hot. A poultice of bruised peach leave* ap- died to a wound cauxi-d by stepping ou i nail will save from lockjaw In man or least. •Slove polish wut with kvrweut) will Ive Instant polish as the stove will uul ot be damp. Uf course tho stove miitl e culd. A strong, hot decoction of (he lenvui I the beech Irco will relieve uud BOIU«< let, cure teller ou Hit) Imildn If b»lli- d fmjueiilly.

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