Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 17, 1898 · Page 2
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 2

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 17, 1898
Page 2
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WHITE POLAR BEAB. HABItS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ANIMAL, General Orrcty WritcB iMiercMltitilT of Thin !<nrBC*t n»'l Strnnjjeat Member of the ttcar l-'nrtilly -I.tvesiAiiiotiir Uie Drifting Tcr-Fclifs. , IIH aquatic member of the bear family, the Thala >\ Raretos marltl- m u B of natural- islH, ..Is nUo tho strongest, largest and most Iniercs:- ing species, writes (ieneral A. W. • Jreely, of t h e United States army. While Its s h u 111 I n g gait leaves Us b r o a d ~ trails along the •northern continental coasts of Asia and America, yet. this animal's favorite hunting fields are rather among the drifting ice-fields or open water-holes of the Parry, Hpllxberpen and Fran?. Josef archipelagoes, and the bordering Islands of continental rireenland. The polar bear Is an animal of striking contrasts. The snowy whiteness of Its fur Is sharply set off by the blackness of Its snout and claws; Ha short. rounded pars make Its long head and neck most pronounced; Its tiny tail seems a most ludicrous ending of Its immense haunches, whh.'h nre in keep- Ing only with the enormous teeth and ponderous claws. Some of these contrasts are but faint In the specimens In captivity, whose abnormal methods of life naturally modify their characteristics. The most northern latitude In which the track of a bear h/i.t been observed is that noted by Lieutenant Lock wood, of my expedition, In eighty-three degrees, three minutes north, near Cape Benct; and strangely enough this animal was traveling to the northeast. Occasionally a. polar bear, luxuriating In rich hunting afforded by an Ice- pack, Is carried by drift far Into southern latitudes, and thus this species ON THE WATCH FOK SKAI.S. sometimes reaches the coasts of Labrador and the southern shores of Hudson Bay, or meets its fate In the North Atlantic as the disintegrating Hoes dually dissolve. . It was long asserted that these bears coulil cw'lin neither very far nor fust- fin opinion arising, doubtless, from the awkwardness that marks their move- irients—but It Is no\v held that the animal is almost amphibious. Payer says tnat' four men, on one occasion, cpnld not pull a boat fast enough to catch either of two swimming bears, Capt. Bablne, while with Parry's expedition, midway In Barrow Strait, forty tulles ,wlde, saw a bear swimming strongly; no Ice was visible from the ship, and the circumstances seemed to Indicate that tho auliuni was crossing the strait from shore to shore. No systematic effort seems to have been made to obtain data as to the largest animals killed by hunters, but Sir John HOBS measured sixteen bears killed In Boothia Felix, North America, of which nine wore males and seven females, Tho average length from snout to end of tall win ninety-four Inches for the males and seventy-eight andseven-tenthsliiehes for the females. ,Tho largest measured one hundred and one mid n half Inches, nnd welched ten hundred and twenty-eight pounds, the animal being In poor condition. Tho largest specimen of which I have personal knowledge Is one killed In Bering Sea, whoso skin Is owned by Senator William P. Fryc, of Maine. It measures nine feet seven Inches, exclusive of tho tall of two Inches, and Its girth nrouud the body Just back of the forelegs is ten feet. The largest specimen recorded by a scientific observer was one of the many bears killed by tho expedition of !>c!gu Smith, which was Nhlpwrecked on the southwest part of Knitiz Josef archipelago, 1881-'S2. Dr. W. 11. Noale, the naturalist of the expedition, says that some of the bears wore very large; that one measured eleven feet exclusive of the tall. There Is, then, no reasonable ground to iinerftton the veracity of tho statement of C!i:rlt De Veer, a A (IOOI1 SI1>K VIKW. companion of liareiitz In his third voyage, that there was killed in Nova /emltla. In l.V,)7. a bear which was twelve feoi long, possibly Including Ihe tall. While the polar bear Is by preference lion-vegetarian, living upon fish and the llt'ili tit tin- nail, win-it lit' f:tn \ifti cure It. nevertheless lie will occasionally eat seaweeds, anil III cases of necessity has been known to subsist for Koine time on land vegetation. Nordcn- sltlold relates that l>r. Thccl shot at I'ort Plckmin an exceedingly fat old bear ivhleli had e.vJdeniJy been living OU grass fur some lime. The sUill and caution wllh which Uriiln does his sea-hunting are described by the IC^klmos as follows: Thu hear slips quietly Into the water and swims to the leeward of the seal, fiom whence he silently approaches by li series of dives, the last being so timed that ho rises In front of the spot vhoro thu neal lit lying, if tho alarmed victim attempts us ugual to roll Into ihu (ea he fUlU Into thu clutches of the D to escape on thu luo isBVwn i*" 1 ' 1 whUo rarely attack- ijsnn.'Uaii fwiuuuily visited tin: (|n» utlil Uoiiswli of Arctic tnivd- ; 4* ft r«K' tie wpi-ndlly ri>treuts, of alj tli? fat,alltlo* i party lo rescue (he flr't. mnncled both, 1 and v, as finally killed by shots fired by ! other members of Ihe party. i It Is nol unusual to hear lh<> polar j bear stigmatized as a coward--no more Others Ilkci' him to a North American Indian for his trcaclieiy. cowardice and j intractildllty. Tin- polar Iv-nr U not a ! dashing. Impulsive aiiimnl. but lie \> ! endowed with caution and sagacity t" I an uiiMial extent. In nearly every In- j stilliee the success of the bear in off j tainlng sustenance tlepeiids up»n j steal'hy and concealing methods i wln-reliy he is withdrawn from th'- i view of his victim until In- is ready to | strike. I While It !<• true that a skillful hunter, 1 with good firearms, sli'lids !n no srroaf • dauger from Ihe polar b"ar. which he [ usnallv attacks at a d's.-idv.-inta!:" to j the aiilm.'il: nevcrlheless It requires a | man of Iron nerve and dauntless ''our- , ageto face one which has been wounded or otherwise enraged. And yet miinyof the F.sklmo.s. ,> lihouf (m-.'mii.s. and provided only with their hows and arrows, lances or knives, do not hesitate to nttnek a delln.i; female, she be- in,; rav.-nons with hii'igcr and ready lo tile for her nibs. SYMPATHETIC KIPUNG. Hnw Hi' Clifcrnl thi- Spirits of n Sli-h Klcplinlit. .\ writer !n Hi'' San Francisco Argo„„',„ h-lls the following anecdote as eomlng from the Hps of an American traveler » ho spent soni" time In th" • company of Kudyard Kipling in I.on- lon lately: One afternoon we went together to I the Xoo, and wlill" strolling about our ' ears were assailed by the most melancholy sound i lune ever heard, a complaining, fretting, lamenting sound proceeding from Hie elephant house. "What's tin matter In there?" asked Mr. Kipling of the keeper. "A sick elephant, sir; he cries all the time; we don't know what to do with him," was the answer. Mr. KIplhiK hurried away from me In the direction of the lament, which was growing louder and more painful. I followed and saw him go up close to the cage, where stood an elephant with sadly drooped ears and trunk. He was crying actual tears at tho same time tlmt he mourned his lot most audibly. In another moment Mr. Kipling was right up to the bars, and 1 heard him speak 10-the sick beaut in a language that, may have been clepbantese, but certaluly was not English. Instantly the whining stopped, the ears were lifted, the monster turned his sleepy little suffering eyes upon Ids visitor and put out his trunk. Mr. Kipling began to caress It, still speaking In the same soofhlug tone, and In words unintelligible to me at least. After a few minutes the bo»pt began to answer In a much lowered tone of voice, and evidently recounted bin wo"es. 1'ossltily elephants, when "enjoying poor health," like to confide their symptoms to sympathizing listeners as much as do some human Invalids. Certain it was that Mr. Kipling and that elephant carried on a conversation, with the result that the elephant found his spirits much cheered nnd Improved. The whine went out of Ids voice, he forgot that he was much to be pitied, lie began to exchange experiences with- his friend, and he was quite uuconsclou^, as wan Mr. Kipling, of tho amused iind Int'ercsted crowd collecting about the cage. At lust, with a start, Mr. Kipling found himself nnd his elephant the observed of all observers, and beat a hasty retreat, leaving behind him a very different creature from the one he had found. "Doesn't that boat anything you ever saw?" ejaculated a compatriot of inlno as the elephant trumpeted n loud and cheerful good-by to the back of his vanishing visitor, and I agreed with him that It did. "What language were you talking to that elephant?" I asked when I overtook my friend. "Language? What do you mean? 1 ' he answered with a laugh. "Are you a Mo-vgll," I persisted, "and can you talk to all those beasts In their own tongues?" but he only «milud In reply. Could Not Htioot. A Hindu looks upon the slaughter of an animal with tin; same dread and horror with which he would witness the taking of a life of a human being. It would be well for some of the hunters of our own country to learn from such pagans a lesson In humanity, liev. H. Fay Mills tells the story of a hunter who employed as a decoy for deer a peculiarly constructed whIMIe, which closely Imitated the voice of a young fawn calling Its mother. With his rifle In hand ready for In- slant action, he was one day blowing his whistle, when sullenly n mother doer thrust her head out of tin; bushes and looked straight toward him. There she stood, trembling with fear, yet looking this way and that In search of the little one, which she supposed to be In danger. The hunter said: "As I looked into those eloquent eyes, anxiously glancing here and there with nialenial fear, lay heart melted. I could not shoot." Young doer that have not been chased or fired at by hunters will frequently conn.' very near lo unarmed travelers. The writer, while driving along a road In northern Maine, has had a deer walk just In advance of Ihe horse fur some dlsiance; and It Is well Known that wild deer often come Into pastures and feud with the cows. To take advantage of tills confidence seems very near to murder. I''riendhli!p I'or FrlondH. The dogs of Constantinople are the scavengers of the clly. For this reason, as well us from iniiato humanity, the Turks are tolerant of them, although visitors lo Ihe city Hud Ilieiu nuamla- ble. As a proof of their intelligence anil recognition of friends, Major Johnson relates an experience of his own. tine evening I was walking with an Knullsh ollleer. when a dog came up and licked his hand. He told me lo nu- lice that slie would follow us lu the boundary of her district, as he had mice petted her and she had never forgotten It. K.Viiclly a.s he had said, she followed us a little way, and slopped .short In tne middle of tile street She wagged her tall and looked wistfully afler us, hut did not sllr when we called her. A fi-iv nl«)ils iificnvard, reliirnlnjr alone lo my hotel, 1 passed the same spot, when 1 suddenly fell a cold nosu put Into my hand ami a tongue licking my palm. 1 looked down ami saw th same dug. tSlie had recognized me us having been wllh her friend, the ullleer, and as before she followed me lo tin; boundary of her district. ••• Vouth'u I'om- puiilon. ^ \Vurtln. There are now over "oO.ouo words in the KuBllwh language, acknowledged by tho best authorities, or about 7o,ooo mure tluin lu DID Ud'iimu, BpnnUh and Italian combined. SHEEP BATH WHICH KILLS BACTERIA. .4 snj»ucti« BP l»io tuiy towu, buy o " •-'--•' runt nu ptilce, a dee ,,! nn- unique «ii;lils ni the 1'nioii stock yards in Clilt:iiKo is the sheep "dtp." The "dip" i-- divided inm three sluices nrriingi'il nloui-'siile each oilier forming the Icl'd'r "S " Kuril is thirty I'e'-t long and twenty Inches wide- -just wiiln onongli for nn ordinary sh-ep to K ,.< 'ihrotiirh. The depth is live feet, so tluit the lydinid must •ii'-iin. wle'ii lie strikes the huth. n distanee of eighty-nine feet. At one sidd of ihe pianl is n Miiiiioiinry hoiler. «it)i two wooden vats, holding 1,000 gullons cni-h of nicotine Kiihili'Ui, used in the hnlli lo kill tin! crnli and hiicteria. which Infect the .'iniiii.'ils' In,dies iind hoofs. The hoiler is used to lient the solution In the vats to n i/')»(»-nilii;-(.' t>S )I2 di'«rers hcfoi-o it is turned into the Imth. nlso to keep the bnth nillif SHIM" uniform tempcriitiiro during tho process of dipping the sheep. Tho nitinuils approach the hnth in single tile through a narrow chute, which is connected \\-illi the pens. When they cet to the mouth of the "dip" n driver pushes them down a slide into Hie hot solution. They then swim nhotit the H-Hli»pe.d sluices and leave the bath, after many duckings, nibiiinisteri'd hy the drivers with long pronged poles. About eighty run the gantlet at one time. Then another lot is driven in. The solution in I lie dip is sufficient to hutlic 1,000 sheep. It is then tiu-m-il out and another solution, from one of the vnts, turned in. About 1,100 dlii'i'p are bullied per hour. KEEl.Y, OF MOTOR FAME. Mini Wlm I'rnmfacil tlic NVorkltiK of MlrilctcH I« Dead. John Ernest Worrell Keely, of Keely motor fame, who died recently In 1'hlla- lelphla, was a strange character—a genius according to some, a humbug according to others. Keely and his motor have been before the public for a generation. Ho was to have accomplished wonderful things with tills motor and he Interested capitalists to the extent that the Keely Moor Company was formed and poured out money lavishly for the inventor. Kven yet those who have been lu closest touch with Keely believe In the strange Invention. In (he last few years Keely lias worked on a manuscript revealing the mystery of his peculiar motive power and Mrs. Keely now has It In her possession. It Is not known, however, whether the Inventor made disclosures Riifllclent to permit others to go on with the work. Keely surrounded himself with a halo of mystery and worked for a long time [n absolute secrecy. But he made the most extravagant claims nnd promises ns to the miracles which lie would perform with his mysterious "inter-etherlc liberator" and marvelous vapor. Speaking In 1ST5 he said: 'I propose In alHnit six months to run a train of thirty cars from here (Philadelphia) to New York at the rate of a mile a minute with one small engine, and I will draw the power all out of as much water as you can hold In the palm of your hand." And, ns though this were not sulllcieiitly startling, he added: "A bucket of water contains enough of this vapor to produce a power sutH- vlent to move the world out of Its course. An ordinary steamship can be run so fast with it that U would split In two." Keely gave some exhibitions In his little workshop. He at lost succeeded in puzzling everybody. Aside from the mechanism, which was not taken apart, Keely operated with a couple of tuning thin and cased in leather. A single trace of this kind, when tested at the Shef- 11 eld testing works, recorded n tensile breaking strain of 4,o"5 pounds, while an ordinary leather trace of the best quality, tested at the same time, broke at a strain of 2,700 pounds. In addition to being lighter and stronger tlin.ii the ordinary trace, the steel article Is about 20 per cent cheaper. The steel Is necessarily of tlw very finest quality, and Is so pliable that It can be twisted In any direction. This kind of steel Is being used In bicycle tires. The ribbon cased In rubber Is placed Inside the ordinary tire, thus making punctures practically Impossible, nnd. It Is claimed, increasing the speed of the cyclist. SLANG FROM THE SAILORS. Terms tluit Come from the I of the Sea. In the vast amount of narrative which has of lato been read regarding ships and the sea few persons have stopped to think to what an extent the English language has been enriched by sea terms. For Instance, In response to the cvery-dny query, "How are you?" many will answer, "First rate, thanks." The latter speaker has no Idea that he Is perpetuating the remembrance of the old liiie-of-battle «hlp, First Hate. Tbe pavy In post days had six "rates," or classes, of vessels. Spa proverbs are also met In dally use. For example, "The devil to pay, and no pitch hot." One never thinks why "devil" or "pay" should be mentioned. The saying originates In the mystery of calking the seams of a ship's deck. The outside Beam, called by sailors the waterway seam, obtained among calkers the term of "the devil," through the difficulty of calking It; to "pay" Is to run hot pitch along the calked seams. We say of a man who Is going wrong, "He Is on the wrong tack," sometimes In error using the word track. A vessel on the wrong tack may drive ashore, or, If In a hurricane, bo engulfed in the heart of tho storm. JOHN H. W. KEELY AND HIS LATEST MACHINE forks nnd a llddle bow. He struck Ids trmlng forks and set a brass ball rotating at tlOO revolutions a minute. He rasped the fiddle bow across a tuning fork and raised a heavy weight at the end of a long lover, the power exercised, It was said, being equal to a pressure of Ki.UOO pounds to the square Inch. Though ho never accomplished any practical results with his motor, he made a very comfortable living out of It. To the last many persons believed that he was a genius of the highest order, ami he succeeded in getting the tlnanelal support of solid business men who consider themselves armor proof against any species of humbug. The late Mine. said that Keely hail really made a wonderful discovery, but that the "MnhalmaH" would never let him develop It, because In the present slate of clvlllxatlon nations would use the terrible force for minimi extermination. And KO the "Mahal- mas" kept Die motor from "nioting." TESTING THE AQE OF EGGS. An A|>|mrutin I'liteiitftl in (icriiitinr Will No Doubt Hi- Wrlfoniv. Egg candling Is a. very profitable business If the judgment of the operator can fie relied upon liy tin; ife;ilci' employing him. Mistakes are galling, because nowhere tines good faith play such an Important part as with egg dealers. At the best the examination A OKHMAN Al'l'AIlATUS. with the naked eyes Is dltllcult and doubtful, and therefore n new little apparatus piitentiHl In Ucrmuny quite recently Will he very welcome. It consists of ti tube, for ihu Inspection, with springs to hold the egg at one end and has a lens al the other. Looking through the len* the good eggs will appear ijulio clear, the bad ones art! dark, er and black ones are altogether unlit for use. Nuw »'»« li»' blind. A new u»e hut* been found III steel by u SlietUulil (England) urm, widen ID making i» s'tiel harness truce, coimUtltig of ti, narrow ribbon of steel, from three- (OWtlw to one lovU \vli|t, vuUed very Suppose some one "spins you a yarn." He may tell you of the unlucky fellow who Is "among the breakers;" of the villain "sailing under false colors;" the heroine showing "signals of distress;" the hero striving bravely "against wind anil lido," yet true to his love as the "needle to tbe pole;" pl-cseutly the two are "wafted" by a "favoring gale" safely "Into port." in politics tbe "ship of state" blunders on with Lord Tom Noddy "at the helm;" occasionally some high otticlal Is "thrown oven- board" by his party. Coloqnlally, we growl at an Interpreter for "shoving In his oar;" we speak of two scoundrels as "tarred with the saint! brush;" we advise our friend to "go with the current," and we speak of him to others as all fair and "above board." .lack Is a bit "rakish," ajid sometimes "half seas over;" If lie iloes not reform he will some day find himself "high and dry," and "laid up" for Such terms as In "good trim," a "snug berth." to "carry on." at "close quarters," to "lit out," anil so on, nro familiar to all. Here are the derivations of three of the last mentioned: "llaklsh"— In the old war days privateers, pirates nnd mirli Ki'iitry i}i'i>i-nili'tl upon Hit* speed id' their vessels; these had their masts "raking," or slanting; such a vessel was said !o IIH "rakish," that Is, a fast and dniildfu! customer. "To carry on" IH to keep sail set longer than a very prudent man would do; roekktes- nt.'ss. "Close quarters"—the modern meaning Is well understood; the derivation Is curious. "Close quarters" were strong wooden barriers stretched across Ihe deck and used for retreat and Blielter-wheii the ship Was noardild. Tim oltl slave ships were thus fitted In case of the slaves gutting loose. In the old naval wars die term meant two ships in action, with their sides touching, an wan often the case.—Chicago Chronicle. lliivivluK Hi* Oiullt. A man IK said to have caused the haiiUK of miirrlagt) 10 be published In a Yorkshire church between himself and a lady to whom he was not engaged and who had no Intention of marrying him. The. man, It was alleged, had come to Ihe end of hi* credit, and astonished the town by having tho baiuw published between himself and a rich lady, who he had ascertained was on tlio continent. At oncit bin credit revived.—Aberdeen Journal. Uavo to TRAVEL IN PORTO RICO, PRIMITIVE TRANSPORTATION PACII.I1IES INTHI: QUAINT I.ITTUE ISl.B. The Hulk of tile Currying Trade is Performed bv Oxen nn-J Nitlvcs-Mcn U.<ed ns I'nck Anlmnlv. Although I'nrto Uloo is tin- proud possessor of threw distinct lilies of rnll- wn.v, one ]i!irllnll,v encircling the Island, uiif running from I'oneo to Sun 3nilu ninl Hie third penetrating the ':>• torlor of (lie iKtrtlio.'islern I'.'irl of 111.' Isliinil. still tin. hulk of tht' carryln,? Innle is performed as 111 the days '->: S|inln's past greatness, by oxen mill natives. II IK true Hint some of the linger KII- (.'iir plantations possess' sugar cars on which In haul tilt- ripe cut eiitH'. but the greater portion of the work Is done In I he oh! primitive stylo, iiml the Spaniards eonient to lei well enough alons Is satislled to wait for mamma (to-tnorro-w) before they make nny tin prcivemenls. As a result M strangely Incongruous, yet highly pletnrescnie. panorama of moving vehieles Is sure to be the first thing Hint attracts iiml draws the attention of n visitor to tin far famed pearl of the Antilles. Side hy side one sees the ancient modes of transportation in vogue three eoii- turies ago competing with the more modern methods. First, in order i-i npprcciailc I In- comparison. It Is necessary to know what manner of beast, 1 of burden are used. It is a. question whleh are the most numerous, the small compactly built little poult's or bronchos, scarcely II ft}' Indies In height, with th.'lr huge |)anievs or has ki-ts almost If not completely hiding tlu'in from view, or the slow, cumn- rons, heavily moving ox teams, wlios.' name Is legion—the latter poptilany termed tin- "hurry-up teams" being sure to reiiMi tlielr destination tilt next week. If not the next tiny, lie; sides these 11 donkey here and there completely lost to view, with his rider nstrldt! of him and his wicker baskets bobbing to «m! fro. a gout timan or two, and last, but not least, the barouches or carriages drawn by diminutive horses two or four to a team, complete the usual assortment of conveyances. These latter have the monopoly of carrying passengers from town to town by moans of relays, and deliver the mail In different parts of the island. Since the arrival of th ' Americans large horsey have been Introduced upon the scene, as well as the huge army mules, as big as three of the native horses. It may seem from the above de seriptlons that Porto Rico Is not blessed with very rapid traveling fa cilities and yet such Is the speed of the wiry little animals used in tlu 1 coach line of carriages between San Juan and Ponce that the distance of sonic seventy-live, miles is covered in anywhere from twelve to eighteen hours over a more or less mountainous road. Then again, when these small horses are used for riding they can tire out the larger American horses and. besides this, cover a great more territory In a day's travel. The railroads are small and would not compare favorably with our old narrow gauge railroads that have virtually passed out of existence In this country for the past two decade-*. That does not bother the natives. Tin: railroad is a new institution with them and If the size of the engine and ears do not compensate one the two armed guardin civil in each car impress them thoroughly with a sense of the importance of the railroad. In vivid contrast to these methods nre the more primitive styles. In this country, as in no other on the American continent, men are used as pack animals for conveying goods a short distance, and to see a crowd of natives laboring In this sort of work with their overseers in charge reminds one of. the task masters of undent Egypt more than anything else. In addition to this the old-fashioned oxcarts used in the country districts, not only for the transportation of goods but also the natives, drawn by oxen, remind the onlooker of the old death carts used in the dread days of ihr French Devolution to take Ihe ha rot royalists lunl linally the King and Queen to the guillotine and their last resting place, the carts rescmblln.a these old open wooden cages muri Hum anything else. It is almost n pity that the days n! the ohl regime In I'orto Hleo are already numbered, for.In a short time, with the Injection of a little American push nml energy all the above scenes will Iw a memory of the past. Already plans are being executed for the construction of electric lines jind with the completion the unfinished railway lines all w!l! be changed. The land of ayes (yesterday) will become life country of today, nnil the quaint, plcturesqm scenes of I'orto Itlco as It is and was with the exception of 'the solid mi'l substantial fcp/iiilsh residences, will be an evanescent day dream. May the Introduction of the modern Innovations allow the spirits of tht' departed dons to "retinlescat In pace.' Tlia only p o I* iwsfc to *gmo Tbe Mine Mule to (lo. Kvi-r since the first coal hole was sunk the mule bi-"ii the favorite though at limes expensive, means ol locoiiiollon lu moving coal. He lilr:iet the gin fit the lop of the slope; lit pi'Uetl Ihe ears of dirt and rock oni out'- the dump ami he felt his waj alotiL.' the narrow gangway at flu head of a Mrlng of enr.i. And outside of his dallv ration of oals and hay hN only recreation was an occaslona roll In Ihe ilusl of Ihe barnyard, liu there Is to be a change. In fact. I has already been Inaugurated. Tin miner and fir- mine liny will mil delve fur a livelihood In the tlarl caverns of the earth, but the mini mule will breathe the free air o heaven and feed on Ihe green pas Hires of the picturesque hillside. The Philadelphia and Heading C'oa and Iron Company Is preparing to In Iroduee Ihe ali'-coiupresslng locomo, five .to haul Ihe cars underground a Slicwinduah City colliery. It was about a year ago that the compani llj'Hl began to make preparations (o this change. Alaska colliery, nea Mount Caramel, was selcclul as fin pli»ce for making Ihe experiment. Tin necessary changes were made and (In machinery procured. The a'r com pi'esHor engine has been working there for some months and has a great success. The new method of haulage Is nsei III 01'ly part of lids mine. The ills tance Is one mile and l.ho new engb: draws twenty-live cars oath trip. And Hcveiileen inuU't have been thrown out of employment. It Is not only that the company expects to save In the cost of nniliM mid their maintenance, but the cost of feed, the- hinlth- wui'k niul other expenses are ulno i, while ut the same time the curs moved wllh greater speed, n that wnj t" the capacity of the- col- lerv. The Ileiiding I'onipatt.v having «"<•• •t-Ksfnlly Introduced compress -d air as ,, motive power. II I" sal'" I" assume Hint It will no' b> many years before 'ill i-iiiii|ian!i"! and Individual opera- iiirs will do Hi"' snrne. Kvon the mine locomotive will be releiraled to th' <!crnp pile and air compressors used bolh In the gangway undergrn'ind mil outside on the dump. l.iinjf Oymnsstlcs. IMrect gymnastics for the lungs, lo increase their eapaclly ami elasticity, ire almost a safeguard against consumption. If taken In time. IH-. Otis, In the Therapeutic (i.'ix.elle, •idvlses people with weak lungs to stand erect in a well ventilated rtioiii, place the- hands on the hips and take long. deep, slow breaths, varying the ryllini. and at times taking short, jerky breaths for variety. The breath hould be drawn only through the. nose. [letter yet. combine Ihe breathing •xerclses wllh the setting up drill or it her arm exercises. Dr. Otis gives hese exorcises, to which others might lie added: 1. Slowly raise the arms from the sides until they meet above the head, lireaf II/HK deeply. Jlri-atlie out while slowly lowering. 2. Ualse the arms In front; carry them as far back as possible; then down, lircuthc as before. 3. Slowly rise upon the toes, breathing deeply. •1. Kxiend the arms In front; carry line leg back as far as possible, 5. Lie on the back; raise the nrms backward and over the head, while breathing deeply. 1'eople with plenty of lung capacity •an stand even bail air without suffering. It is well known that, women, whose lung eapaclly is interfered with by corsets, are much more apt to falal In close, ill ventilated rooms than men. JAPAN'S NEW WARSHIP. Monitcr r'lnliOitir Mnclilne «'n<m to lie Added to thii .Mlkmlo'B Nnvj. In two years, at the outside, the strength of the Japanese navy will be reproKenli'd by about 1150,000 tons ot displacement. .Japan's largest mid most formidable man of-wnr Is the Fuji, named after the highest mountain In Japan, having a tonnage of 12,(1-10. which figures, represent tho exact height of the mountain In feet. Tho Fuji was ordered from the Arm- Btrong-Wliltwortli Company, Knglaml, with her sister ship, tht! Yashlma. In June, 3RIM, two months before tin; outbreak of thi) China-Japanese war, and arrived at Yokohama, the central naval station ot Japan, on Oct. HI, 181)7. The Fuji Is a llrst-class battle-ship, with a displacement of 12,MQ tons and J,°.,087 horse-power, with a speed of eighteen nnd a quarter knots an hour. The dl- inctuilons are: Length, 401! feet fl Inches; breadth at th eboradest part, 73 feet; nmln draught, UO.,", feet. Her armament consists of four twelve-Inch Armstrong guns, ten six-inch Armstroii« (lulck Hrers, twenty three-pound quick firers, four two and a half-pound quick Orel's and live torpedo tubes. The Fuji is painted a white gray, Urn color ot Ihe Japanese warships. Her funnels nre placed fore and aft. Instead The Situation at Manila, The situation _ar Manila was very simple, says Ira Nelson Hollls In th;> Atlantic. Upon the declaration of war Admiral Dewoy was turned out of Hong' Kong by Cireat Britain, and nil • other Asiatic ports were closed lo ] him. lie was seven thousand miles j! a way fro/n home, a distance which ] none of his ships could make without ;| recoaling. and his line of communication was liable to interruption at, any time. Furthermore, the safety of our Pacitlc coast trade was in jeopardy so long as a hostile vessel remained In the Orient. The duty was a plain one—to obtain a base In tne Philippines, and to capture or destroy every Spanish ship that coulil bo found. With rare good judgment Admiral Dewey made straight for Manila, and caught the whole fleet before they had time to scatter. He had already proven himself to be n man of foresight by loading up with provisions and coal before war was declared. When the English told him to go he was ready. His fleet passed through the torntled entrance of Manila bay by night, and attacked the ships and shore batteries simultaneously. The victory over what must: be conceded to have been n weak and disorganized foe, although, gun for gun. there was not much difference/ In the two sides, was a great one in tho splendid management of the American ships nud In the results which must How from our enforced entrance into Asiatic politics. Torpedo Boats In Offensive Warfare. As dispatch boats In smooth water they were swift nud serviceable, but on the high seas i" foul weather they were found rather too frail. As pickets and scouts, whether at port or for a squadron at sea, they served admirably so long as small repairs anil a machine shop were not too far .i\yay. Wllh a repair ship In the sqnadrou they would have done fitlll better. As blockading vessels their coal capacity was deficient. For an attack on shore batteries their guns (.one-pounders), were found lo be of smaller calibre than was desirable, their torpedoes were not fitted for climbing the breastworks, anil their armor plate (three- eighth:; of all Inch thick) not equal to resisting modern rille projectiles. In a daylight battle, squadron to squadron, they were found unable, In. a group of two, to cross two miles of (};>'_•!'. sea under the lire of six well armed ships manned by Yankee crews. In all this It: appears that the only services for which they were designed were picket duty and scouting. Save for the only occasion known to the writer, when the New York, with the admiral and her five hundred men were at the mercy of one of his own torpedo boats, we have hail no service experience of the elllclency of torpedo boats in night attacks.—John U. Spears in Scribner's. !• • ol William Penn. The sale of the household goods of the late Mrs. Hosanna Cox afforded much excitement for the residents of Hrlstol and thereabouts. The observant Bristol correspondent writes: "At the closing out sale of the household goods of the late Mrs. Uosanna Cox In Bristol lownshlp drew together many hundreds of people after some relic which was in poKsi'Sslon of among her household effects. (She was the daughter ol' th« Into llobert Crosier ut JVnn Manor, who lived In the ohl mansion that Win. Penn live at--All her early years were spent on that spuclous old 'homestead dear lo all Peniisylviinhins. She save during her lime many Pieces of Ihe Holies of the ohl Brew House which belong to Penn —had several ar Helen made from the old Apple Trees that Win Penn eat apples off. Among the ancient articles made--was napkin rings, Holllng Pins, (Janes, &e. Several of these articles were put up at Ihe sale and tht! liellc hunters were on hiiiiil and bought them al a high llgure. Among Hie ancient things In old cut glass were a pair of salts ctd- lar--whlch was supposed to belong to Billy Penn was purchased by Jos II Van/.'Mit of Bristol anil a Ten Cup which he drank out was Purchased by Mrs. Ncwbold of Overcoming l.lmllalluiie. (i nice, who lives In Tloga, is barely live years old. She was in the front yard the other day when two of her small admirers climbed over tin; fence. She iccognl::cil her dillkts n» u hostess, but the end of a stick of lemou candy remaining in her hand wan too small lo be divided. Tommy was In Ihe lead. He Is a\chnbby youngster, wllh an lnn:illuble longing fur pie. Ills claim wears long cuds, and IN fonder of fairy stories than anything else. (Jnice wus aware of their lluij- itiiloiiH. \Vlion Tommy niu up ulio pi'tiU'ored the eagerly <|cc'C|itMi( candy i o iiiiii. Then she turned tit hli* chum with u radiant omlle: "Uu( J'U div yon 0 xU«."—Plalltt(li.'lpl)lu Uveor'd. of abreast, and there Is only one top for guns to each of the masts. The^e masts arc fitted with an ammunition hoist, which runs Inside. She has oil board Captain Mlnra, Commander Salto and a crow of about 350 officers and bluejackets. She Is the biggest war vessel ever possessed by Japan—indeed, the largest which ever passed through the Suez Canal. This monster represented the Japanese navy at the naval review at Splthead during the Queen's Jubilee. DR. TIMOTHY DWIGHT. His Lone Career n» an Educator Has Karncd for Him Deserved Rest. Dr. Timothy Dwlght, who surprised the educational world by his resignation from tho presidency of Yale University, was president of that great Institution by Inheritance, one may say. His grandfather, who was Timothy Dwlg-ht also, was president of Yale from 1705 until 1817. Yale has had few If any abler* presidents than the first Timothy Dwight, and the grandson has 'proved himself a worthy successor. Dr. Dwight, wheu he took his seat in '1880, said that he would withdraw from the post whenever he became convinced that his usefulness to the university was at an end. Two years ago there was gossip about his resigning, but It came to nothing. President Dwight was born Nov. l(i, 1828, at Norwich and was graduated from Yale with the el/iss of 1S40, ot which ho was the salatatorjan. He was out of the university only two years, when he returned ns tutor. After passing four years in the Yale theology school he went abroad for two years to be spoilt at Bonn and Berlin, nnd then returned to bo ordained a minister of the gospel. In 1858 Dr. Dwight saw that lie could not escape from the profession of education and he was glad when he was en. TIMOTHY IIWIOIIT, elected professor of sacred literature In the theological school of tho university. From that distinguished chair he passed to the headship of the great Institution in 188(1. Ills long career as an educator hns earned blin the rest which he will soon enter upon at the ripe old age of 70. She Fount! Out. It wns at the busiest hour of the d«y, and the busiest place In all the store was the lace department, says the Washington Star, In telling the Incident. Four eager women wore waiting. The fifth woman hud the only saleswoman at that end of the counter, ami was looking at lace, real lace. I think she must have examined a dozen pieces. "Haven't you something wliltrV" she asked. "Certainly," answered the tired saleswoman, dragging out another box. "This Is tifteen dollars a yard." The eyes of the fifth woman glistened. "Yes," she said to her companion, "(hat's like iiilno. I just wanted to know what ho paid for it. That's all." And »lm sailed out of tlio shop. Not one of the four women walling found a word to say, but thu saleswoman gasped, "Well, I never!" Coltl Wttlor ai it Htliiiulunt. According to a hljfh authority, cold water U a valuable utlmulaut to many If not all people, lib action on thu heart Is more stimulating than brandy. lilH own experience Is that sipping half a wine glass of cold water will raise his pulse from 70 to over KKl. Tho Amorlcuu people uro nut buying u» many prescriptions at drug stores us they formerly did; they arc now uueudlug tbojr money for patent Sapit'iitth (sentimentally)—"What li sadder limn to have loved and lostV" Hennypcck (promptly)—"To have loved and got her." Artist—How do you l!lto the portrait? Hlfter-Well, I don't exactly like Ihu nose. Artist—Neither do'l; but It's yours.—Tit-Bits. Doctor—"This medicine Is to be taken :>n an empty stomoch." Patient— "That's all right—1'vj Jinn been to a five o'clock tea." Hicks—"Kvcry dog has his day, my toy." Dick Hicks— "Then why do they fight?" Hicks—"I suppose It frequently happens that two of them have tho same day.^'—t.lfc. Indignant Woman—This dog I liought of you came near eating my llt- tlo girl tho other day. Dealer—Well, you said you wanted a dog that was Co ml of children, didn't you?—Household Words. Hiram (describing bis., trip to thn city)—1 went Inter the store an' got In one of them things that take you right up low the roof in a Jiffy—what d'yci- call 'em; Martny? Jlartha—Thuin's shoplifters. Patriotic customer—Yes, I'd like to buy that flag you just showed me, but the price Is too high. Can't you comu down a couple of dollars? Dealer— What! Lower Old Glory? Never!—Cln- clnimtl Enquirer. Smlthers (society poet)—"1 am thinking of issuing a volume with wide margins. Do you lllco the Idea?" Miss De Facto (warmly)—"Indeed, you cannot make your margins too wide for me. I adore blank verse."—Harlem Life. Miss Parvenu (Just homo from abroad)—There we saw Venus de Mllo. She was very lovely, but she had no arms. Miss Gcraldlno Parvenu (who stayed at homo)—Did you look on the d«or of her coach?—Detroit Journal. "Oh, mamma, don't read any more about cannibals being wicked for cooking the missionaries. Why, my own dad's as bad as any of them; I heard him tell you himself that at dinner last night he toasted all his friends."—Ally Sloper. Possible Boarder—"Now, my friend. I enjoyed, my dinner very much, and it It was a fair sample of your meals I should like to come to terms." Farmer —"First of all, .stranger, wus that a fair sample of your appetite''"—Brook- lyn Life. Visiting Humorist—I saw a new gag to-day on the Jersey mosquitoes. Jer- seylte (soberly)—Dou't deceive yerself, young man. Yew may hev seen suth- In' on 'em that looked like a gag, but ten to one it's only some new-fangled contrivance for gettln' a better holt,— Judge. "I don't know whether to regard this j'oung author as a marvel of courtesy or a phenomenal specimen of assurance," said the magazine editor's assistant. "What has he done?" "In- closed a stamp to be put on the check In payment for bis article."—Washington Star. Wife (who has the foreign language "spasm"—"John, do you know I'm getting on splendidly with my French? I am really beginning to think In the language." Husband (Interested in his paper)—"Is that so? Let mo hear yon think a little while In French."—Our Dumb Animals. First Thcosophlst—"This settles It; I resign from the society." Second Tbe- osoplilst—"What's the matter?" First Theosophist—"Why, one of my tenants has gone off without paying his rent and left me a note saying he would try to square with me In some future existence."—New York Herald. A recruit, wishing to evade service, was brought up for medical inspection, and the doctor asked him: "Have you any defects?" "Yes, sir; I am shortsighted." "How can you prove It?" "Easily enough, doctor. Do you sue that nail up yonder In tho wall?" "Yes." "Well, I don'K"—Tld-Bits. "That was a thrilling sight nt that lodginghouse fire," said the shoe-clerk boarder; "I got there- just In time to see three men Jumping out of the window." "Nothing remarkable In that," said the cheerful idiot; "the air Is always filled with flying rumors In wartimes."—Indianapolis Journal. Mr, Glglamps (who has been caught by keeper with some usu In his basket under taking size)—"Oh—or—well, you see, fact Is, my glasses—or—magnify a good deal. Make things look larger than they really are!" Keeper (about to receive smaller tip than meets the occasion)—"Ah! makes yer put down a. shlllln' when yer means 'nlf a crown, sometimes, 1 dessay, girl"—I'unch. "Hold on!" cried tro proud young father, as he rushed dawn the aisle— "hold on! Before tho baby Is christened 1 want' to change his name." "Why," the good man uake.d, ns he was about to sprinkle the child's head. "George Dowoy Well wood Is ft good name .isn't It? Why should there bo a change?" "I want to add a little to it. Make it George Uewey Hobson. Wollwood, and let the ceremony pro coed."—Cleveland Leader. They had come to Chicago on tlielr wedding tour. While taking In the sights they wandered Into the Art Museum, and, pausing before A reproduction of the Venus of Mllo, the bride remarked: "They must think the people who come here are awfully Ignorant." "Why so, dearie?'' nskeU-tbB— other half. "Why so!" she exclaimed, with an air of superior intelligence; "get on to that sign, 'Hands off!' hanging on that thing; Juet as 1C any fool didn't isupw they were."—Chicago Dully News. Many puoplu art* UUo tho boy who cries longer over u plecu of work thnu U w.oulil tuUu to do It. Geography for Women. Tho Introduction of Pnrkenloii's "Modem Atlas," published in 1815, has a reference to "the nex" which ought to bo very Intorestlug to our modern col- lego girl. The learned author says; Geography Is a study BO universally Instructive ami pleasing that It has, for nc'itrly u century, been taught even to females, who»o. pursuits nro foreign from surloun rimoarc'hos. In the trivial conversation of tho social circle, In the dally avidity of thu occurrences of the times, pregnant, Indeed, above all others with rapid ami Important changes that affect the very existence of state* and umpires, geography linn become an hablluul resource to thu ulwguiit female, an well as thu profound philosopher. Ulitull of Monto CrUto. It will lutcrust till rcadcTK of Dumas lo Ituow that the Island of Montu Crlslo, 111 tho Mcdilurrtiliuun, In uninhabited and covered with woods that toeui with many »ort» of game. Fur a tlinu an Italian noblo hud a shooting box lu It, but bo suldQin visited It, tiud now thu I'rlijct; of XajUun bus U>u»ed it for a hunting ground nut) for u bouno a«a

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