Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 31, 1949 · Page 1
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 1

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 31, 1949
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^7^,^vf%^^ *'- <v ~. ,-' "% s*-3, t ; jJf^jlw n, * J" tiff i "4 *J ' "•*""'if «»S>- '{ ' V - * I •: 6XIV, Jf<*. 29* ALTON, ILL, SA-tm&A?, TELEGRAPH 31, 1949 To City tfai Centennial Year Alton today prepared to wel come a ««» year which has more . day. be marked'as some, t.lon gave promise of similarity to former years, with parties at hotels, clubs and private homes. Fifty year's afeo', as 1900 arrived With little fahfare locally, the population of Alton was somewhat over-estimated at 15,000 and 4000 in the then village of Upper Alton. Today, after passage of a half- century, the city population, Including Upper Alton, .is more than doubled and the Greater Alton area has grown into a lusty industrial, district numbering nearly 100,000 population. v Top news in the Telegraph 50 years ago was an ice gorge in the river. Today, the news" was, the pre- hollday lack of news. The Telegraph's news staff has noted one of those rare occasions when there is little to report at the police station and hospitals. At St. Joseph's and Alton Memorial hospitals, not one emergency was reported this morning. Yesterday, the number was at a minimum. The police blotter recorded only,one minor mishap and none injured. Turning. Back the Clock Fifty years ago, the centennial year of 1900 brought cold weather, and the river was frozen over. The Telegraph recorded that the river had gorged, and the ice was thick enough to permit' crossing by pedestrians. Ice-cutting was soon to start. • The New Year was greeted by services and meetings in the. Protestant churches, and by special devotions in the Catholic Churches because 1900, like the year now beginning, was a Holy Year, This New Year's Eve will be comparatively warm, according to the Weather Bureau. The high temperature yesterday was 58 and the Iqw 31. At 8 #. m, today the riierpurj' sTLoodCat 44.' A., total of a. m. through^ *..._ ., 0 . Economic "changes in trTe last 50 years in'Alton', as'itt-.was and is now are startling 'when' placed in comparison. ' ' On New Year's Day, 1900, Joesting & Son, 203 West Third, was offering on sale an entire stock of -children's suits and knee pants. All 90Tcent •• suits were reduced' to 60 cents. George H. Smiley Agency offered a 21-acre farm "and orchard with. v a-' new five-^oom house for $2000. For $1000, one Could buy a lot With a building on a good business street. • Though today is separated from 1900 by a one-way chasm of time, there lp a\ link of physical things with the past;as the long story of • the growth: of the community is unfolded. •'.'.-. : In 1900, E. J. Lockyer's quarry on -West, Second i street (Broadway) was selling building and dimension stone "in,any quantity." One qf the.' properties of which the late *'Mr, Lpckyer was fond was the old. Root tract, on Stale, which is now being graded for the erection of a :new school, ' Lockyer, planted .many young trees in the last decade and ..turned the property into a veritable park where he sat on a bench in the front yard and fed" the squirrels. I>owii Memory Lane But the pressure of advancing population has engulfed the land. The young trees have fallen before the bulldozers, of this modern age. Even the tall, aged oaks that were young at the turn of the century have been downed to make way for new generations/The man, the quarry and his land-have become a part of the past as the second half of the century arrives, .;' In 1900, William Sauvage's Temple Theater' was packing in record crowds to see "Uncle Tom's 'Cabin." The American Express Co. established a nevP agency in Alton in the Dolbee building on State. Telegraph readers were advised to take Dr. Bull's cough syrup. Lehne's store, 113 West Third, cut Continued on Page z, Col. 5. Wind and Rain Hnilromh JFere Coming toMHna-MrMii»««i»i^^-Y"-.ra^-'- v 'inf]i'n*^"i?MTH' i ii]'''-"'*-«-''-'••->" » Infant Buried With Christmas Doll in Her A rms . The Christmas doll that golden %* a" 1 * J& ^Jfi' of 2619 the hospital in her t arms when she was buried today. Patricia Sue died Wednesday night in Alton Memorial Hospital of complications that resulted after a brief illness of virus pneumonia. Before Christmas she had told Santa she wanted a doll. After receiving the doll Christmas morning it had been her constant companion and when her parents took her to the hospital she asked to take her doll along. Funeral rites for Patricia Sue conducted at 10 a. m. today n ™ -5f'- n , B f rnar *» Church, Wood River. Burial was In Oakwood. cemetery. Pallbearers were Joe Magilison, Prayer, Gaiety To Mark End Of Tired 40s run their stormy course of life and death, bow out tonight, and turn the world over .to a brand new decade. At midnight, men and women around the world clasp hands with a new year, and a new era. It is an occasion of cherished hopes and pi'omise, of new determination, of optimism mingled with a trembling fear, of echoes qf the past sounding a future of good or evil, of an end and a beginning. • -And of all this, men will celebrate in many ways. They will kneel to pray in the churches of Rome and Tishomingo, pkla. They will sing in the streets of Rio, clink wine glasses in the sidewalk cafes of 'Paris, and on West :,52n'a,;;street in New York, ^Chprits Sffrls: will; prince acrpss night .spots, • and a Moscow orchestra will blare a symphony of wel- pome to the 1950s. To sOme, it is'a time for counting the hours of the; decade that is done, for remembering the record and studying its lessons. In high places of- government and in humble homes of the earth, men did that today. And /what was written in the history of the "forties?" Mostly, it was a story of,war, of many dying, of a bomb, and of a new, bloodless but menacing kind, of conflict between two ideologies. But it also was a story of romance, of more money for most, of a million men ; coming home in ships to "hunt their dreams, of a new international kind of charity of brides brought from across the seas, of new .hope for the persecuted of Europe, of the birth of an uncertain thing called the United Nations and of a new development' called television.' . These were a few of the things born of the "forties," and many of them must find their maturity and tnelr success ' or failure* in th« "fifties," wuures m the The outlook was not all good but it was better than .it was 10 years ; ago, when that period was ushered in to the fury of march- 'ng armies and sounding cannon. America was prosperous. Life flowed strong in the veins of the New York Stock Exchange, whose fingers span the country and measure its pocketbook. It closed out the old year on a three-year record high mark. There was a pulsing new vigor in the religious life, of the land, and many church leaders moved more boldly into the 'stream of events, seeking to reinforce the morality of a nation and its peo- 3i{?. t Science captured new ground in ie closing days of the old year Dr. Albert Einstein brought forward a new concept that, promised a possible new understanding of the universe in the years ahead. New and closer cooperation In. cackling physical secrets was seen in the meeting here of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which today fin- shes the biggest scientific meeting in the nation's history. g;.^-—-I(P *i • •a^Mt^JB T .- ' . ' TomadbfesiUMl Floods Mark '40's Decade in Alton History The year of 1949 may or may not end the hj^century, depending on the point of view, but it does'bring to a close the decade pf the 'forties marked in Alton area lor, $s yisitatlpn of devastates toynajdaei and Mississippi river flootjja,' Review^ the decade in mem- 2 -»^n°^—-— 4entS Cft? lopk t ,„ ft, flvi year* t twg.ynn jw th» iU teiWMJi* R"***"!!'. j v -v-qmpp Li v devastating windstorms was the tornado of the present year, that of May 21, which struck most' heavily in Wood River and its environs, Brushy'Grove and Glen- daie -Gardens, bringing death to four through Injury, and property loss estimated in escess of $3,500, 000. Major scarp of the disaster been erftsed, but tu effects are t» be noted and rebuUdi' g rep}ax?emj fl tB ltt« are to -.*«,,!«&,*«. •*X^HZi - Z%. s ^Xi ti tfentitry Ago Altonlans dipened the new year a century ago with a feeling twt pride in public improvements accomplished In 1849 and well-founded optimism that the new medium of transportation, the steam railroad, w ( as to trflng thfc beginning of a Hew period of growth and prosperity for the bustling rlverport in '"" Cold? otdd Intensify Coat Shortage Here Haute road was being active. promoted, and the future of the city was being viewed in a growing spirit of optimism. Only the previous November, the enclosure of Piasa creek with a stone culvert from Secdnd to Fourth streets had been completed to open the way for needed sion of the district. In had voted a maximum' of $150,000 so that a subscription to stock of the Alton &. Sangamon could be made by the common council, and an initial stock purchase of $100,000 had been made. With this backing by the city, Capt. Benjamin Godfrey on a trip to New York had railroad, and a meeting had just been called to elect its first board of directors. Cholera Subsided , Meantime, there was further occasion of New Year rejoicing; no recent cholera deaths had been reported. Sweeping Into the city in the early summer, the dreaded pestilence had claimed .four score o*r more victims here. The epidemic had waned in the early autumn. Now, dread of the disease had passed,-fear that had gripped the city for •' months, inhibiting all 'activity, had become memory. Perhaps all this occasipned the editorial observance in the Jan. 4, 1850 issue of the Telegraph: "We hope the auspicious (New Year's)' day may prove the harbinger of a better and,brighter time for our citizens and our growing young city." Altoninns 100 years ago, evidently made the exchange of social culls the principal -activity of New Year's observance. Said a news story: "The first day of the new year was a bright and joyous one to our citizens, and one such as is not often witnessed at the present season. A cloudless sky, temperately cool weather, dry streets, and almost unparalleled good health ,prevailed „,. Citizens - ---r ««•- •, • ^ff^f-^ ••;'~--"X-.* l (. 1 y»»>*4.,a**»**. Vt*) r . _•*. business and turned out en masse In pursuit of pleasure. Many sought it in visiting old friends, renewing acquaintanceships, and- in making new. acquaintances. The calling custom was much more generally observed than heretofore.'! / . But local news happenings as recounted in the Telegraph's first issue of 1850 were few. An item of general interest, however, was the one announcing dedication of the lust completed Upper Alton Methodist church, which took place on .Sunday, Dec. 30, 1849. The local market report showed hogs In good demand by local packers at $2.30 to 52.50 per cwt, Little- grain was coming in, nut wheat was bringing 80 to 85 cents a'bushel at local mills. New corn was quoted at 27 cents; old corn at 30 cents Flour was retailing at the mills at $4 to $5 a barrel. Bright Prpspects A little later in 1850,'.the Telegraph copied at length a glowing account of the prospects of Alton with the coming of the Alton & Sangamon, and the Alton & Terre Haute (now G.M.&O. and New York Central) written by W. D. Latshaw, editor of the Illinois Globe who had toured the cities on the route 'of the railroad that was to connect Alton and the state capital of Springfield. He gave Alton community's population as approximately 12,000, its invested capital, $1,500,000, found business rentals ranged from $500 to $1500 a year. "I found the seven hills on which the city is located gave evidence that the day of her real prosperity is at hand," he wrote. ",New houses, new stores and shops are building . . , carts and wagons from Greene, Jersey, Macoupln, and other near counties are pass* ing and repassing. . . . Alton is destined by nature, circumstances favoring her position to be a splendid commercial metropolis. . . . The railroad now In progress of construction (Alton & Sangamon) will bring to big trade ... and build- Ing of the Alton & Terre Haute, will add four-fold Impetus. The visiting editor listed the communities embracing what he termed the "seven Hills" as Lower Alton, Upper Alton, Mlddletown, and Sempletown. .•••' End of Year Is Also End of Week Tonight at midnight, It will, be the last- second of the last minute of the last hour of the last day of the last week of the last year In the last half- century. There will be five more New Year's Eves in this can- tury when the end of the year will arrive on the last day of the week, These years will be 1955, 1966, 1977, 1983 and 1994. Previous New Year's Eves that occurred on Saturday this century were in 1938, 1927, 1921 and 1910, In 1999, the end of the second half of (he century, New .Year's Eve wlii arrive on Friday, $o Publication by Telegraph, Monday will not pub, • tljf New I */ The Not Meet Requirements Of Area Though Alton has escaped the acute coal shortage that has affected other sections of the coun- , a Alton coal dealers truck low- grade coal from native mines at the area, operated by the Progressive Mine Workers, who are not of John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers, and hence are working on a full-time basis. Alton's supply from native mines supplements the supply coming in from elsewhere, produced on a 3- rtay-work-week basis by UMW miners; If the demand for coal Is increased by a cold wave, the pressure on the outside supply, as well as increasing demands on the native mines, would cause a shortage locally. Area residents and ,firms have obtained coal without too much difficulty so far this winter, principally because dealers send their trucks to the mines, where they are 'loaded and return to deliver directly to the consumer. But native mines produce only about 40 percent of the area's requirements at the present time. If these requirements ,are intensified by cold weather, the foreseeable result is an acute shortage here, the dealer pointed out. Transport and 4NewCarsBurn After Collision EDWARDSVILLE, Dec. 31.— (Special.)—An automobile transport, and its cargo of four new Mercury cars, was destroyed by fire, the driver escaping uninjured, after a collision early today between the vehicle and an* Illinois Terminal train at a crossing, between Collinsville and Troy, about two miles east of tho intersection of U. S. 40 and State Route 159. Night riding sheriff's deputies responded, to a call to the crash scene at, 1:45 a. m., and reported tlie .driver,.Leon!J. Smith, .28, of St.. Louis," unhurt; • r They listed the transport as that of Associated Transports, St. Louis. It had been headed east on Route. 40 at time of the crash. The trucking outfit was said to have burst into flames immediately after thd collision, ruining thc vehicle and its cargo pf new cars. Fire continued for an extended period, and the wreckage, when it cooled sufficiently, was towed to the Paul" garage at Mitchell, thus clearing the highway. Soviets Plan Big Celebration MOSCOW, Dec. 31 (IP) — The world's biggest country. Soviet Russia, prepared for one of its biggest New Year celebrations tonight Following the passage of a special election ordinance at the Alton City Council Wednesday night ordering a referendum Jan. 21 on the free public library and reading room project, the Civic Improvements department, of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce will meet at noon Jan. 4, at tho Mineral Springs Hotel when machinery will be set up to handle the election, Frank King, executive chairman, announced this morning. The big problems facing the committee are securing donation of regular polling places and also securing volunteer workers to man the polls on election day from 6 a .m. to 5 p. m. The latter job has been taken over by the Rotary club and Harley Yolton Is in charge of this special committee. He reported this morning that 32 regular clerks and judges had already reported that they were willing to serve without pay on this day In order to help the library project. All of the polling place locations have been arranged with the exception of three and these spots will be taken care of within a few days, Leo J. Struif; chairman of the civic affairs committee, re- promise of cash contributions from the Kiwanis club and the Lions Club and it is understood that, some other cash donors will come forward to help in defraying the cost of the "straw" referendum. The Association of Commerce has endorsed this issue and will work in behalf of its consummation, seeking to get out a big vote on Jan. 21 and recommending a "yes" vote. Thc need of a public library and reading room has been a long-felt "must" in the community, GAAC spokesmen say, and when it is noticed that many cities of 5000 and less within the slate do have well organized public,/libraries the need within Alton is all the more emphasized, ef GAAC official stated this morning. In order to help, the city council decide if the people of this city do want a free public library, the GAAC spokesman said, the vote must be large and very decisive, as they fear if the vote is light, and the final tally close, the city council may decide to hold off further action in setting up the necessary appropriations in the 1950, budget. •; 'JftheiiSe&ls-Iji'Dou-bt Look at Ring Finqer NEW YORK, Dec. 31 MPI—' A woman's ring finger is usually shorter than her first, or index finger. Men are just the opposite. The reason is a sex-linked hereditary control, says a report by Dr. V. R. Phelps, Tulane University, to the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Burglary at Store Reported to the police in the forenoon today was a burglary in which two television sets had been taken from the basement, storage room of Alton-Broadway, Inc.. electrical appliance firm MichiganMas 13 'Suspected Discoveries' of Uranium Ore LANSING, Mich., Doc. 31. UP)— Michigan has 13 "suspected discoveries" of uranium ore. This disclosure today stirred cautious speculation whether Michigan may become the first important source of the raw material of atomic energy in the United States. At the same time prospectors were warned to stay out till spring Michigan's wild upper peninsula, famed for minerals, is the region in question. The first of the strikes of radioactive rock was announced yesterday. Jones & Laughlin Ore Co. said the Atomic Energy Commission had authorized further exploration of a find in northeastern Baraga County, a remote eastern portion of the storied peninsula. Twelve other applications for uranium mining rights have been submitted to the Michigan Conservation Department for checking, it, was learned today. Six of these have been found promising enough to submit to the Atomic Energy Commission for checks by its engineers. The other six are still being checked by state geologists. The state officials were closemouthed about the 12 suspected strikes and would only disclose they are "somewhere in the upper peninsula." But geologists have said all along that the'sparsely populated peninsula was one of the best possibilities for the discovery, of pitchblende, the parent ore of uranium, In the country. The western part of the peninsula is underlain with the same formation in which the ore was found at Theano Point, north of neighboring Sault Ste. Marie, Ont, late in 1948. The geologists cautiously point pit' * h ^ ever ', that the Theano Point discoveries have not been proved commercially valuable As for the 12 other Michigan claims, the geologists say their possibilities.are anybody's guess< The , adloactive rock was dis- Henrteigon,' instructor at Cartften. OpJUeg^ Worthfleid, Minn- tsU^, ::V.^''''-;V.,/ :;\ '•«. ; -' c ,." SL 1 URANIUM LOCATED IN MICHIGAN — Symbol locates area along Huron river in Baraga County in upper Michigan where uranium ore, basic material for making atomic bombs, has been discovered. The discovery was announced in Negaunce by the Jones & Laughlin Ore Go., with approval of the, Atomic Energy Commission. Scientists identified the ore as uranium oxide in the form of--pitchblende or uranite. —AP Wirephoro Map, ancient upheaval. The stream at the spot had cut a gorge through the rock. Henrickson and a companion, Albert Und of Hayward, Wls., fought wilderness brush, mosquitoes and Icy rivers for 10 weeks, in making the find. , At a spot where their Geiger v counter "sounded like it was going tp run away" they encountered twp fishermen, the pnly perspns they had seen in the search. TftKlHJ&Wto 1 * and Wn4 waited, the flshepnjep left. 'They had be^. fading prapti. eajly on, the spot where we lPun.4 the wanlum pro - outcrppping," Be0rJ<*spn wid^ rr *• Establish^ jitiaif? *_» SltSl Cut In Corn, Reproduction AskedBytLS, 25 Million Acre Paring of Crop Acreage Aim • Of Program WASHINGTON, Dec. 31—t/Pt— The government, holding $3,000,000,000 In farm surpluses, today asked corn and rice growers to i join producers of other major j crops In cutting production next' year. . Faced with declining export and other postwar demands. Secretary of Agriculture Brannan set up a control program calling for a cut of 12.9 percent In corn plantings and 13.7 percent in rice seeding next year. Brannan previously had put Into operation programs calling for reduced plantings next year for cotton, tobacco, peanuts, wheat, flfl.xseod and potatoes. Shows Growing Concern In all, these programs seek to remove from production of cash than 25,000,000 acres Top K5. Mifarf Men To Confer _ * V * ' With Mac Arthur Lewis Faces New Challenge From Industry also urther *" " The Brannan request for smaller plantings of corn 'and rice came simultaneously With an Agriculture Department report, that a price advantage whlcF ive enjoyed since iati irned 'into a disadvantage. Prices received by farmers in mid-December averaged only 98 percent of parity. Parity is'a legal standard for measuring farm prices, 'designed to be equally fair since November, 1941, have farm prices been below the standard. The growing surpluses, coupled with declining foreign markets, have pulled prices of many farm commodities down to or' below support .levels promised by the government, Price Support* Lower Farmers will move into 1950 not only with a lower price level, but with lower government price support levels for many products. A good example- is eggs. The 'department ar\hxjunced yesterday that it will buy 'nest-run ungraded eggs at an average c of at least 25- cenls.a-dozcn at the farm' during January and February. This compares wit,h 35 cents the program;' With price support funds running low and surpluses piling up in government hands, lower price supports already have been announced for some commodities and Yet to be settled are 1950 support rates for hogs, soybeans, dry beans and peas, sweet potatoes, oats, rye, barley, cottonseed, wool, chickens, turkeys. and grain sorghums. Other Question Unsettled . Also to be settled is thc question of whether production controls are to be' set up for such crops as dry beans, oats, barley, soybeans and grain sorghums. It would be possible for farmers to divert corn, wheat and cotton land into these crops and create surpluses for them as well. The 1950 corn program calls for planting of about 11,000,000 acres less than the 87,910,000 seeded this year. The program aims at a 1950 crop of around 2,627,000,000 bushels compared with 3,377,000,000 this year. Growers in 837 major corn producing counties—designated as a commercial corn area — will be asked to make the full reduction in plantings. They were given a planting allotment of 46,246,973 acres compared with the 57,579,000 planted this year. ''-• Included in this area are largely the counties which produce more corn than they need locally. The area comprises nmotig others all tho counties in Illinois, Iowa and Delaware, 90 counties in Indiana, and 33 in Wisconsin. Doctor Accused In Mercy Death Resumes Work GOFFSTOWN, N. H., Dec. 31. </P)—A country doctor resumed practice today as spirited debate rose over his part in the admitted cancer patienl. After spending one night in Hillsboro County ja|l, Dr. Herman N. Sander, 40-year-old former Dartmouth ski champion, was freed yesterday under $25,000 bonds. Dr. Sander Is charged with murder in the death of Mrs. Abbie Borroto, 59, of .Manchester, wife of an oil salesman, last Dec. 4. The , government' accused the young physician of injecting 10 cubic centimeters of air Into her veins with a syringe. Air stops Circulation Experts explained that air bubbles in a blood vessel find their way to the heart or some other part of th? system and stop circulation—a fatal condition. moral' wrong," Pr. Sander told newstnen after he was released. "WUJjnately, my position will be vindicated," he said. Th? case which has stirred wideT gpread discussion will be preserft- sq jo., the January session ol tho »« Formosa' to Be By Group on ToufJ New Far East Policy to Be'Discussed WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. OR — WASHINGTON, Dec. 31, John L. Lewis faced a new challenge from a large part of the soft coal Industry today, with peace in .the mines for most of 1950 possibly hanging in the balance. Northern and Midwest coal operators, following in the steps of the Southern Coal Producers Association, yesterday charged before the National-Labor Relations Board that Lewis has been guilty of unfair labor practices. They asked the NLRB to get an injunction ending the three- day work week decreed by the president of the United Mine Workers. They called It a device Intended to coerce them into sign- NLRB General Counsel Robert N. Denham indicated that he will decide by the end of next, week whether to seek the court, order asked by the mine 'owners. While Lewis has never disclosed the terms he wants to replace the contract which expired last June 30, he has announced over the past few weeks that some small signed an royalty to 35 cents per tons. Those mines, producing a total of 18,293,752 tons a year, have returned to a five-day week. i As for the balance of the soft coal Industry, there was some question whether It would remain in production at nil next week. Lewis' three-day week order ended u 52-day strike and rumors were circulating through the soft coal fields that the mines not under contract would again be shut down on Tuesday. The anthracite operators, em ploying - 80,000 eastern Pennsylvania miners, arc negotiating with the union in New York City, and some progress was reported. T " their complaint ^to tl that while Lewis had been meet ing with them since last spring he had made no concrete proposal; and would not concur in their own offer to extend the old contract for two years. They challenged the legality of Lewis' der the Taft-Hartley Act except on terms which Lewis is unable to meet. Thc big operators also said Lewis wants to make them sign a contract, which has provisions for a welfare fund prohibited by the Taft-Hactley law, «Tnps Seclts News of Relatives TOKYO, Der-. 31 OT _.- Japanese from remote parts of Japan are headed for Tokyo to learn what has become of their relatives captured four and a half years" ago as war prisoners by the Russians. Japanese sources said five or six Japanese from Nagano prefecture west of Tokyo will arrive tomorrow. They will wait outside the Russian embassy's gates until they get an audience or an answer. men - — -~ "fc-^«« ( 4 ji * cui uai,y. uujj" sibly to discuss with Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur a proposed new Amerian policy blueprint for Asia. Following the Def6nse Department, announcement of the trip last night, a spokesman said the Joint chiefs of staff will steer clear of Formosa— embattled headquarters ot the Chinese Nationalists — during the Pacific journey. Formosa Vital to Defense Formosa is .considered vital to American defense and there have been numerous proposals that this country send a military mission there to help advise the forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Chairman Connally (D-Tex) of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee added his voice today to those urging such a move, saying it is needed to help check the spread of Communism in the. Far East. Sen, Ta/t (R-Ohio)'ln an Inter. view at Cincinnati went corisld. erably further. Taft favored keeping Formosa out of Communist hands even if the U. S. Navy were needed to defend it, Astronomers to Mct-t in USSB TUCSON, Ariz., Dec. 31 UP> ,_ Leningrad, Soviet. Russia, has been selected as tho site for the next general assembly of. the International Astronomical Union. Scientists from all parts of the world are expected to attend the gath- Weather Cloudy this afternoon and tonight with occasional rain. Sunday partly" cloudy and rain in forenoon, cooler tonight, Lowest temperature Sunday morning about 40, afternoon temperatures near 50. Ship- 36-40. River Stages W. Bureau 7 ». m. Sea Level 7 a. m. 'Zero 3JU5.4S R). o. Lock & Dan 26 Stage 5,61 Ft. Pool 418.92 Rise .13 Ft. Tailwater 401.09 ..-••? announcement concerning the joint chiefs carefully avoided mention of the Communist situa- lion in Asia. The Defense Department said the trip "has been con. templated for months" as just an. other of a series of routine inspec* tion trips to overseas commands. Timing: Noted Nevertheless, the (iming commanded attention at home and abroad. Coming in the midst of a crisis produced by Communist con-' quests in China, the announcement followed by a day two other significant developments: 1. The meeting of the National Security Council—top policy-making organization on strategy at which recommendations for action to block the expansion of Communism m the Far East were reportedly offered by the State and Defense Departments for President Truman's approval. 2. The • navy's disclosure that a carrier and two destroyers will be added to the Seventh Task Fleet cruising in Asiatic waters. -The joint chiefs consist of Gen. Omar .N,.,graaiey t ,,,chalrman, th* army's Gep.vj..L&wton Collins, air" force Gen. Hoy t S. Vandenberg, and navy Adm.. Forrest P, Sher- 1 man. ^Future of Occupation Forces >^i, 1ny ,, h J g iV strat egy talks they' hod with MacArthur undoubtedly will embrace the future military position of the United States in the Fa*i East as well as the current- problem of Chinese Communism. , One important question involves the future of American occupation, ' forces when a peace treaty with' ,' Japan is signed—which may not be •' many months away. , l MacArthur may have hinted at*" * tho answer In a New Year's state-' w « \°A VJ.° Ja P a "ese people todayj > He told them they will have "the inalienable right of self-defen?e against unprovoked attack," but at' the same time he strongly sun- ported Japan's constitutional proi- vision renouncing, war and •.prohibiting Japanese armed forces.. >' The combination of these two ideas-the right of self-defense .by ' a country without armed forces—' Ibrl?^!™ w !^ h , of «PWs at to' •»•, f *? ' However, MacArthur may haw' ,' .meant (hat American troops may r m effect,, be relied upon by th£ " : Japanese for defense of their;: ', would, like to keep American, ' troops in Japan under some arrangement giving them base "" '" a Japanese peace , Crewmen of the American" freighter Flying Arrow reportedly 1 served nodce tonight they wlll>r<£ fuse to take the Isbandtsen vessej through Nationalist mined Cruriestf ' '* , . « The Flying Arrow is dug tohec lor Communist Shanghai Tuesday The skipper, Copt. David 'Jones%o Chicago, indicated today he would sail his ship into Shanghai Jn-gMte* of mines, Nationalist gunboats and the State Department In'WaghJng; The Hong Kong Stmday Herald said, however, the craw Jiftd^cabled the U, S. State Department and- the National!! Maritime ^ion' 'in- New York to the effect tJA-, • * "We will not wQrtc- Jf . the ship= attempts to run; UKrobgh the> blockade," \ r, yi > > ' , Crewmen said ^tbe ; NMV ' had written Secretary- pfr; State .Ache-* son Dec. 2Q 'U,r$iig 'tji'em to "pro^ toct seamen wr^eeo ships out of, the danger v&jg^ China, , '. Alton to Be Ipcl Typical Usage, URBANA'CHAMPAIGN, Ill, lT * Alton Is one of 35 Illinois cpnv munitles selected as ....typical ,o| their an;a for an important n$vf study by the University of Illinois, The project is a study pi; typical word usage and pronunciation in various areas. ' • ' " Several of the older Ippal dents will be '~'~ '" of the selects Prof,, Raven {, data will be used i)i Atlas of the KRftJl Q^, fpv which he^lPMassr study of MioW|$r" have worked % \ Mlnnawta.

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