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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 23,1963 Editorials. What we think about... Pope's Plans... Ayub's Needle...Lovetts Broadening Move Begins Pope Paul VI launched last week his first big section of the overall program for broadening the Roman Catholic Church to meet the modern world's challenge which the late Pope John began before him. He announced consideration of the appoint•• Mint of Franciskus Cardinal Koenig to head a new Vatican secretariat for contacts with non-Christian religions of the world. And he disclosed to the Curia Romans that he wanted that organization thoroughly , febrganized and internationalized. This would mean ••••• greater number of members from other nations. Cttria membership heretofore has had a high concentration from Italy. The completed actions of Pope John, followed fope Paul's early action and now his instructions, hold great promise for the future of what is still the world's strongest and largest group of Christ's professed followers. The Catholics' move is especially significant in 1»i«w of similar efforts of Protestant churches at CMating a common front in Christianity's name. Latest push to come to notice was that last week involv- Jftg the Methodists and the Evangelical United Breth- TCA. We Do It, too Folks sit back and criticize, perhaps, Pakistan President Mohammed Ayub Khan for childishly rock- ing the diplomatic boat with his retaliation for United States arming of India against China. Ayub, once our best friend, now is trying to needle us by endorsing a Red Chinese proposal for a world summit conference on disarmament which he knows will arouse antipathy in the Senate right at a time when that body is considering the nuclear ban treaty. However, we can view around us every day on the local front those equally childish who would take a chance of destroying major civic programs and organizations because they disagree with only small portions of their programs, or because their program? fail to pay enthusiastic enough attention to some pet projects. A Privilege The Negro race has taken a lot of guff during past months and recent years over a propensity toward large families — at public expense. It's therefore a pleasure, even an honor, to be trusted, as a media for dispensing information, with the family facts about how one couple is making out with 1 ? children — not at public expense. There are doubtless others, who, however, would hesitate at the publicity entailed. To the Albert Lovett family, then, goes our thanks for allowing us to tell their story of ingenious economy and hard work through the years to rear a family of good citizens and worthy representatives of their race. We humbly accept this privilege, and hope our use of it will help toward a better understanding and appreciation of what goes on inside a Negro family which employs a bit of "military genius" here and there. Court Credit Crackdown In view of the huge backlog of fines accumulated before his takeover to the office, we believe the public will give Police Magistrate George Roberts its thorough support in his announcement against any more credit. A sit-out in the city jail by a slow-pay finee will cost the city meals for as long as it lasts. But most citizens assessed fines will arrange' some way to pay them rather than spend the night or nights and days behind bars after conviction of offenses. If a convicted person has to borrow money from another source to pay it back in installments, the payments may well serve as an extended reminder against further violations — and appearances before Roberts. The city is not in the banking business, and the police court should not be asked or expected to carry convicted citizens "on the cuff." Damaging Tactics Many of our white employers have had to be given an encouraged experience with Negro workers to learn how proficient many of them can be. To this point we believe the Negro campaign for better recognition and greater employment has been effective and will continue to be. A type of coercion now being carried on in Chicago by the Negro Labor Relations League, however, can set back this program. And the federal government, recognizing this potential, is inquiring whether a boycott against the Bowman Dairy Co. to increase its number of Negro employes can be prosecuted under the Hobbs Act. This act bars use of robbery or extortion to interfere with interstate commerce. The Milk Wagon Drivers union, for instance, says that already 500 of 5,000 Bowman employes on both inside and outside jobs are Negroes, who would be hurt, themselves, by the boycott. There is the further chance that employers less experienced with Negro workers than Bowman, forced to absorb a large number, will find them unsatisfactory and form poor impressions because the pressure has caused hurried action and ill-considered selections who cannot perform the work. Responsible Leadership Sometimes organized labor leadership gets criticized publicly for what may or may not be irresponsible tactics. It seems only reasonable, then, to pay credit where credit is due when this leadership turns in a performance that indteatM » sense 6f responsibility. Altonians owe added assurance about their public water supply to just such responsible conduct on the part of Otto Butler, aft international officer of the Operating Engineers. Routine union procedure is recognition of * picket line. When Laborers and Hod Carriers, stymied in their negotiations with Alton Water Co. for a new contract, threw their line acrosi entrance to the pumping station, it posed a difficult mor*! problem for the Operating Engineers who operated the equipment inside. Pickets Open the Way Remaining in for extra hours, they nevertheless left eventually. Water company nupervlsori had to take over and improvise operation. Mr. Butler entered the picture last week, however, and the striking union was prevailed upon to withdraw its picket line so the Operating Engineer* resume work. We don't know how many disappointment! Mr. Butler absorbed in his efforts to effect the picket withdrawal. We do know whatever he did took some time, but was accomplished. We can echo Mayor P. W. Day's expressed reaction to the developments. He was "very happy." We think our readers will join him. • PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Whites at Their Side 'Rock-a-Bye, Baby... F The Negro makes a thousand fruitless efforts to insinuate him•elf among men who repulse him, conforms to the tastes of his oppressors, adopts their opinions, i and hopes by imitating them to jlorm part of their society. Why doesn't he try to make a Negro • dyilization of his own? Already he has many of his own race of whom he can be proud. Are the Negroes really willing to admit that even under competent teachers they cannot acquire an education in the arts, sciences, and crafts unless white students are at their side? Is there no sense of pride of race which will David Lawrence Kennedy Speech In W Was Fine WASHINGTON - A very good speech was delivered the other day by President Kennedy before the United Nations General Assembly. There may be some disagreement about the practicability of his proposal for a joint effort with the Soviet Union to go to the moon — in fact, many people probably wish there could be a joint proposal to call off the stunt altogether so the same billions could be used to help'pov- erty-stricken peoples. But, in the main, Mr. Kennedy constructed an address full of implicit meanings that will be hailed in the field of diplomacy as an encouraging attitude. It was important, for instance, to give the cause of the United Nations a stimulus so as to persuade many member governments to pay their share of the expenses for current programs. So, too, was the emphasis on the successful negotiation of the treaty limiting nuclear tests. There was also a brief but significant reminder, to the rest of the world that "the United States since the close of the war has sent over $100 billion worth of assistance to nations seeking economic viability." There was a subtle suggestion, moreover, that more help should be forthcoming from those countries which now can afford it and which must in turn recognize "their responsibility to less- developed nations." While,the president endeavored to* interpret the signing of the , i treaty limiting nuclear tests as :'possibly reducing world tension, ! be rightly stressed nevertheless •the need for "safeguards against surprise attack" and the possibility of "war by accident or miscalculation." Perhaps the most difficult and perplexing topic with which the President had to deal in his address was the continuance of the "cold war." He spoke hopefully of the recent nuclear test negotiation* as having brought a "pause in the cold war." He suggested that the responsibilities of the Soviet Union and the United States • in seeking peace "require our two countries to concentrate less on our differences and more on the means of resolving them peacefully." But lest this be construed as any indifference to the basic issues, Mr. Kennedy said that "No service is performed by failure to make clear our disagreements." He pointedly added that "A central difference is the belief of the American people in self-determination for all peoples." It was here that the president reiterated this government's belief that "the people of Germariy and Berlin must be free to reunite their capital and their country." He declared, also, that Cuba "must be free" and that "in all the world —in Eastern Europe, as well as Western, in Southern Africa as well as Northern, in old nations as well as new — people must be free to choose their own future, without discrimination or dictation, and without coercion or subversion." There was one note lacking in the president's speech. The omission may have been due to dipio-' matic expediency — a desire to say nothing at present that would' be offensive to the Moscow regime. But the fact remains that all the hopes for peace In the world will be imperilled and tensions will continue so long as the Communist government is not removed or substantially changed by the will of the Soviet people. (© 1963 J .Y. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) Today's Prayer O God, help us to untangle our snarled lives. We yield to this desire or that pressure until we lose sense of direction. Confused, we wander in a maze of conflicting feelings. Restore to us a devotion to Thy will, purging us of vagrant impulses. Center us in Thy purpose for us that, following it sincerely, our lives may regain simplicity and power; in Christ's name. Amen. —Paul S. Wright, Portland, Ore., minister, First Presbyterian Church. <© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) cause them to say "Give us the same education and we will prove we are not inferior."? I'm quite sure that an educated Negro does not feel inferior to a white person, or that an intelligent Negro, because he was separated in a public school building, has been unable to obtain a good. education and is today equipped to carry on in his profession. • I believe in equal rights regardless of race or creed, and yet I believe that forced desegregation is psychologically and morally wrong. Forced desegregation will not achieve true integration, for that requires mutual respect among, people who are so culturally dis- simular. MRS. PAMELA BROWN 414 Prospect St. 'It Is Time 9 More than average consideration is being given the proceedings of the Senate on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. It appears a bi-pgrtisan approach is in the offing, only a few Senators are out to make trouble for the treaty. One Senator proposes a reservation to defer its implementation until the Russians get out of Cuba. There is no more reason to require this in connection with a nuclear test ban treaty than to demand that the Russians take away the Berlin Wall. The test ban must stand by itself. Both the Republican and Democratic Senate leaders have voiced their approval of the treaty. The Senate majority leader refers to the agreement as, "a testament to the universal vitality of reason." The Senate Foreign Relations Committee has concluded that the accord, "Represents a net advantage to the United States". The President well said on July 29, "I speak to you tonight in a spirit of hope." The Treaty can represent a building bloc for a more peaceful world. '• When it is all said and done, it is refreshing and encouraging, that the average individual is in full accord with the spiritual leaders of the Catholic, Protestant and Jewish Taith who recently declared to the Nation, "it Is time to take this first step along the road to peace for the common good of the world." ALVIN C. BOHM Edwardsville ForumWriterSfNote Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Readers Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. Distributed by King Features Syndicate, Inc. Victor Riesel New Home War Near WASHINGTON, D. C.-There's a rumbling, nationwide home front war looming. It will start when a big contemplative chap by the name of Lemuel Boulware —the niaji who can easily win the loving: cup for infuriating labor leaders—returns from Canada. He is relaxing and fishing and will return loaded for bear, meaning "labor's monopoly power." When Lem Boulware, retired vice president of General Electric, comes back he will be the heavy artillery in the National Assn. of Manufacturers' counter offensive on the labor-management front. This counteroffensive, which will include political action, was discussed at a three-day session of the N.A.M. Board of Directors at nearby Hot Springs, Va., last week. At conferences at the Homestead there, the leaders of some 16,000 "small businessmen" put the finishing touches on plans for a series of Executive conferences on Industrial Relations. These discussions will be held in three cities—New York, Cincinnati and Chicago—on three successive days at the end of October. Boulware will fly to each city to climax each session. Before further discussing Boulware, it is important to paint the background against which he will speak. This series of executive discussions was announced by the N.A.M.'s new permanent president W. P. Gullander—"Gully" to his friends. He has been revitalizing the organization which has been under constant attack by labor leaders for years. The conference theme is not exactly couched in appeasing terms. It is a call to action and the unions soon will realize it. That theme is "Union Power and the Public Interest." Gullander hit hard when he announced the subject* in these words: "The fact that a union—or a group of unions—possesses the power to stop the flow of the country's transportation arteries increasingly imperils the nation's well-being. • "So long as unrestrained union power exists, the use of it is possible—and when so used it is a threat to the public interest." This statement, In itself, is sufficient to provoke high blood pressure amongst national labor leaders. But the selection of the articulate Lem Boulware as a triple keynote speaker is certain to trigger a cold war of hot words. For years Boulware has been the symbol of a hard . stand against union demands. This philosophy the labor chiefs termed "Boulwarism". Virtually every time during the fifties management took a firm stand, it was charged with "Boulwar- ism". One industrialist described Boulware's policy as "How to succeed in bargaining without really lying." (© 1B63, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Drew Pearson Church Fund Given Start WASHINGTON — I telephoned Harry S. Truman in Independence, Mo. He got on the line without any palaver or ceremony or any apparent memory that he and I had ever had words. I asked him if he would serve on a committee — "America's Conscience Fund" — to collect money to rebuild the Birmingham church and other churches and homes that have been bombed in Birmingham. Mr. Truman didn't hesitate. He accepted immediately. He remarked, after we had chatted for a minute, that he almost seemed busier than when he was president. He is working on some historical TV films for Columbia Pictures which won't be ready until next spring. Knowing something of Mr. Truman's intimate knowledge of history, I predict they will be a great contribution. "Maybe we can do some good regarding these bombings and the trouble in Birmingham," I said, as we concluded the conversa- sation. "I know we can do some good," said the former president of the United States. Tensions In Birmingham Rev. John H. Cross has been pastor of the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham a relatively short time, having been transferred there from a church in the suburbs of Richmond. When I phoned him he had been trying to access the damage to the church and review its history. It was built 54 years ago, he said, but it was impossible to estimate the cost of repair because the FBI was still checking fingerprints and looking for clues and understandably would let no one inside. Contributions can be sent to America's Conscience Fund 1313 29th St., Washington, D. C., or the Building Fund of the 18th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham. Kefauver's Belated Victory Sen. Estes Kefauver is winning in death what he failed to achieve in life. Last week the Judicial Conference, which Includes the top federal judges of every circuit court, sent out a brief and pointed admonition to all federal judges. It read: "No justice of judge of the United States shall serve in the capacity of officer or director or em- ploye of any corporation organized for profit." Even more important the judicial conference gave its approval to a bill introduced by Kefauver which would require every federal judge to file his assets, liabilities, net worth, income and source of income, and other : pecuniary interests with a registrar to be appointed by the chief judge of every circuit The reports would not be open to the public but would be open to other judges. Sen. Kefauver proposed this legislation following publication of Joseph Borkin's important book, "The Corrupt Judge," a revealing case history of corruption among federal judges. Kefauver made the point that the vast majority of federal judges are above reproach,'but that for their protection and the protection of the public, the financial holdings and interests of all judges should be on file with the courts. Note — following its approval of the Kefauver Bill, several members of the judicial conference and all members of the Supreme Court flew to California to participate in the California Bar Assn. tribute to Chief Justice Earl Warren's 10 years of service On the court. He was appointed 10 years ago this week, following the death of Chief Justice F,red Vinson. «D 1963. Bell Syndicate. Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Dally by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Coqsley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, HI. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 • yew by mail In Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and National advertising repw contract information on ap- ' ~ plication at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. sentatlve: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then—News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear I 25 Years Ago < SEPTEMBER 83, 1938 .,, Virginia, 3, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Pedro Sanchez, J died of burns suffered when her! dress caught fire while j j she played in her yard. Edward Neathammer, 19, suf- :f ? -fef*d extensive burns about the upper part of his body i; when his clothing Caught fire while he was burning brush .;, op.the Earl Eihaunen farm near Edwardsville. U ; Gpunty treasurer Peter Fitzgerald, who had been j'in 'si. Joseph's Hospital for five days undergoing observ- • ation and treatment, was released. Friends learned that Fitzgerald, who had won the Democratic nomination ., far sheriff, intended to itay in the race. Walter F. Cobeck, superintendent of mails in the ' Alton poitotflce, announced his retirement as of Oct. 31. He had been at the Alton office since May of 1897, first H postal clerk, then supervisory foreman. Ttoe Alton Group Hospital Service of Illinois moved from a small suite in the First National Bank Building to a larger one to handle expanding membership. Alton persons who escaped injury in the eastern seaboard storms included Fred Olsen; relatives of Joseph Hackworth; and the Hartmanns; Edward Fischer, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Fischer; and Mrs. Paul Buxton. Alton State Hospital received a Public Works Administration grant of $78,750 for construction of a power house. Mrs. Mary Elizabeth McBrien defeated Miss Kate Stephenson 6-4, 6-4, for the city women's singles tennis title. Ralph Bennett, former Alton High football player, was selected as one of the University of Illinois juniors to play on the varsity team. Miss Betty Kocher was elected president of the Alton Girl's Drum & Bugle Corps. Louis Almassy of Wood River- was named honor man out of the 110 in his company at San Diego Naval Training Center. Miss Doris Laux, older daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Laux of Alton street, was installed as worthy advisor of Alton Assembly, No. 8, Order of Rainbow for Girls. Mrs. Isabel Fundel Graul was installing officer. Joseph A. Snodgrass, 75, a grocer for 24 years at Jerseyville, died at his home on Short street there. 50 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 83, 1013 Prairie Oil & Gas Co. had completed a private telegraph line which closely followed the route of its pipe line between Carrollton, Mo., and Wood River. The wires crossed the Mississippi here by way of the Alton railroad bridge. When seeking a motorboat of Peter Joest which had lodged under the Joe Timmons fish dock after being sunk by a Sunday excursion steamer, Martin Giilmore, Ed Heidrich, and Harry Pope recovered not one, but two boats. One boat was that of Joest, but the second was one that had never been seen here. It was believed to be a stolen craft that might have been abandoned and sunk by boat thieves on arriving at Alton. It was in apparently good condition. Boat thieves had been active on this section of the river during the spring season. Pursuant to a notice from State's Atttorney J. M. Bandy, resident justices of peace of Wood River township, with Supervisor Gus Haller and Collector Joseph Helens, met in East Alton and appointed George F. Smith as Wood River town clerk to supplant L, M. Taggart. The action was a reflex of the change hi Wood River town- sliip lines after the county board made Alton a coextensive city township. In his directive for the town board meeting, the state's attorney excluded Wood River township hold-over officers who by the change in town lines were now residents of Alton township, which, Included Upper Alton. A similar step to re-form the Wood River board of highway commissioners was planned. Hold-over officials were opposing the reorganization moves spurred by the state's attorney. Federal Lead Co.'s new $15,000 bath house lor em- ployes had been completed, and was to be occupied within a few days after installation of appurtenancei requiring plumbing connections. The bath house included looker rooms for the clothing of plant workers. Paul Johnson had succeeded J. H. Krogman as manager here for National Woolen Mills and was to give up his trade as a glassblower. Two 25-watt transformers burned out at Alton Steel Co. and to keep the affected pj^ jfoj^mMit to op . oration Alton Gas & Electric Co. "borrowed back" « 5Q-wa« transformer It had just installed at Alton Co.