Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on August 28, 1972 · Page 4
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August 28, 1972

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Monday, August 28, 1972
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A-4 Alton Evening Telegraph Monday, August 28, 1972 • • »What We think about... Vietnam alternative . . . The fourth way . . . Rostcw explains Tlie Vietnam war goes on in Southeast Asia. But more importantly it goes on in the United States. It broke into the open a little more than usual on the home front at Miami last week. And the nub of the debate, as usual, was the- question: Should we be in Vietnam, and why? Walt Rostow, who at one time covered himself with distinction as foreign policy advisor to President John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson, provided a little memory refreshment for those who had lived through bis period of activity, and some illumination for those who hadn't the other day. He granted an interview at Brindisi, where he was on vacation, to a Milan magazine writer. In the minds of himself and other government officials back in 1960, be recalled, the alternative to United Slates intrevention in Vietnam was a large-scale nuclear war. The geographic position of Vietnam, even small and apparently unimportant as it was, nevertheless held potential of control over communication lines to Australia and all the southeast Pacific, along with the independence of Thailand, Burma, India, and the Indian Ocean. All our experience in World War II had indicated that possibility. It should be remembered that the first nuclear bombs were dropped by the United States on Japan over contention for exactly the same communication lines — among other What YOU think: items. It was little wonder, then, that both Kennedy and Johnson administrations — preceded by President Dwight D. Eisenhower's — should have been deeply concerned over the problem. At the base of the Vietnam policy in the 60's, Rostow reminded, was the hope and flic faith that the South Vietnamese — with our help and with defense against aggression by neighboring communist nations — would develop themselves socially and politically and eventually be able to create an independent country. Both Kennedy and Johnson, he said, wore convinced (enough to go on with the fighting in Vietnam) that the alternative was a nuclear war, or "certainly a vaster war than that which was about to be undertaken." Benchmarks of judgment on these world matters may have changed since. But immediately previous experience certainly validated the decisions for those times. There is no doubt the fighting down there has caused a considerable degree of discomfort in the world and outright suffering here. But, as Rostow pointed out, because of it "Peace is nearer" and the U.S. established "a balance of power." Currently, we seem to be withdrawing from South Vietnam about as fast as we are able. Even if we get out and the Communists are able to take over, the world, itself, seems in better balance and less apt to descend into a maalslrom of general war. But even if we should forego, in our mental reservations, and future moral obligation to the Saigon government, the job of extricating ourselves is a complicated one. It still must not be forgotten that if we were suddenly to announce all our troops and aid would be out in 90 days (a la Miracle Me) and we were dropping all support to the Siagon government, we might face two other grievous alternatives: 1. To concede annihilation of virtually all our remaining forces there in the face of a potential merger of hatred between botli North and South Vietnam governments against us (we could hardly expect Saigon to continue loving and supporting us), or 2. Fighting our way out with a force of troops not specifically trained for combat. Our only possibility here would be sending many more thousands from our own shores back into South Vietnam, and even they couldn't, be mobilized or sent, there fast enough to head off liquidation of those now there. It might not happen that way at all. But we'd have to face the possibility—or even the probability. Better answer needed For years, so tradition had it, there were three ways to do everything: The right way; The wrong way; The army way. Now it appears we can add a fourth approach: The public assistance way — which defies the understanding even further. Recently the Public Assistance Department, maybe "bugged" over criticism of its extra holidays just, before Christmas when beneficiaries needed its services most, and beset with crowded quarters on East Broadway, decided to move to East Alton. The new quarters afforded more room for more staff to take care of beneficiaries faster, was the explanation—and the waiting lines could be shortened down. But the waiting lines weren't shortened; the added traffic glut at an already heavily traveled area became a major point of general public frustration as did the crowding of neighboring parking . lots. Beneficiaries, themselves, had their already small resources further pinched by need to pay high cab fares. The resultant uproar now has caused Public Assistance to return to its East Broadway location in Alton. Meanwhile, the state office has before it. for consideration («we hope the proposal gets some) a suggestion for staggered mailings of checks as a way of spreading out the demand for services at the relief offices over more days. Edward Weaver, director of the Department of Public Aid, says other possible solutions are being "explored." At. least the move back to East Broadway will provide a small measure of relief for the travel problem. We hope other elements, including the waiting outside during bad weather on the part of aged and infirm applying for food stamps, will reach a better resolution before fall and winter weather set in. • Bread price problem Basing their reasoning on huge sales of wheat to Russia and the attendant rise in grain and flour prices, the American Bakers Association is asking the Cost of Living Council for permission to increase the price of bread. While many other items of food have been fluctuating widely — and outside the controls program — for months now, bread prices represent such a widely recognized standard that they cannot be passed over without public discussion. One industry spokesman said earlier last week the request probably would be 2 or 3 cents per one-pound loaf. Cited to the Commission so far is a current price of 25 cents for a one-pound standard loaf. Joseph M. Creed, counsel for the bakers, said pre-tax profits' for bakeries on a one- pound loaf averaged 1.13 cents in 1971. Since then, he said, costs have increased by .67 cents per loaf. That's pressing the financial position of bakers pretty tight, especially when one considers the obvious fact that the profit per loaf for any individual baker is rarely the average, and some could be considerably said pre-tax profits for bakeries on a one Still, it's difficult to justify a 3 cent raise, or even a 2-cent raise in the light of these figures. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Indebted for drug series 'Strange that you should come to me ior advice, young feller . . .' I cannot help but respond to the article by Ruth Laythe under the title "Emphasis Misplaced". But she is the one who has misplaced it. The letter not only amused but shocked me by Us castigation of a courageous reporter, Doug Thompson. I believe she missed the point entirely. I think the community owes Mr. Thompson a debt of gratitude for revealing the facts concerning drag operation and addiction in our area. His articles were written from personal observation gained, no doubt, through great risk to his person. The Laythe letter says his articles are not coherent but read like a fifth grade primer. I feel sure most Telegraph reades need not be intellectual giants to comprehend what Mr. Thompson has written. Face it. I am an average reader of the Telegraph and I have no desire U> be educated on abuse of hard or any other kind of drugs. Mr. Thompson has given us facts, not gossip, I cannot, understand how any reader could be "exploited" by his articles. I will explain why I am not Interested in ding abusers. Whether a drag user is 16, 17, 18 or older, he becomes so by desire or design. I have no sympathy for anyone with ordinary intelligence who knowingly experiments with drugs. Among this age group are those who are telling us how to ITW the country and our .schools. They are willful children wanting their own way and wanting it now. Do not try to rationalize drug abuse by saying it is due to social conditions. The ghetto does not disappear when a user injects the needle. Poverty does not disappear when he takes pills. No problem disappears when he gets high on LSD. What chance do such persons have to solve problems in the community and the world when they blow their minds and ravage their bodies? What contributions to society will they be albe to Owe it to taxpayers The Telegraph of Aug. 24, informed us that the teachers of Alton school district are considering a strike before school opens. This is a distressing situation. The children of the district will be denied their most basic right, that to an education, if the teachers do so. With the present situation uf an-over supply of teachers (I, myself, am unable to find employment in my chosen profession). I do not un- "Icrstand why any school board should consider itself bound to rehire its presently non-employed teachers. The law of Illinois does not permit public employes to strike. Therefore, these teachers, if they refuse to sign a contract. .shoul<1 simply be considered to bo voluntarily vacating their positions as teachers. Since that is the actual fact, even if it is not so considered by the teachers' union, the board should be frep to hire permanent replacement teachers and proceed with the business of education. I think it is high time the teachers, and all other public employes who are, by the way, receiving their pay from the taxes of every taxpayer in this state, should be reminded that they have a responsibility to the same people who pay their salaries via taxation. If they do not want to work, they should stop obstructing those of us who do by simply resigning, retiring or otherwise taking themselves out of the path of the students. Let us get on with the education of the Alton thstnct's students. TOM HAKLANDER, 118 W. 15th St. make, being unable to make judgments in connection with their own life? Do not tell me these drag users and abusers are idealistic just because they are disenchanted with their lot, If they cannot exercise enough self control to stay away from something that will ruin their lives, what can they offer in the way of betterment? Never have the young had so many opportunities for education and a good life as in this country and this generation. Yet they moan and cry, they protest and demonstrate, they disturb and destroy — all at the expense of the rest of us. Because of the drag users' addiction, the rest of society must suffer through robbery and murder. We should do as they do in foreign countries to drag law violators: Lock them up and throw away the key. Mr. Thompson is a fine reporter and I do understand his articles. I do not feel the least bit exploited. Write on! MRS. M. WARREN Humbert Road Indians, too In her letter of Aug. 24 Mrs. Blackledge said most counties are named for generals. Not. true. Many of them were named for the one true American — the Indian. How about the counties of Iroquois and Winnebago in Illinois; Osage in Missouri; -Miami in Indiana; Manitowac in Wisconsin? T. F. DICKEHSCHEID, Brighton What YOU think: The Telegraph welcomes prose expressions of Its readers' own opinions of What , YOU think. Writers' mimes and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should he concise, preferably not exceeding 150 words, and are subject to condensation. Nixon not going to beat himself No real McGovern money around By Victor Rieael WASHINGTON — There's just no real McGovern money around. And I refer not to the candidate's campaign chest but to the bookies in London, New York and Las Vegas. The odds, in virtually all books but one, are as lopsided as the inside of Piasa's leaning tower. There is, however, one political scientist who has decided that Richard Nixon must ran scared — and that's Richard Nixon. This was evident after a flying visit to Miami Beach, where the moon for a moment must have been shrouded in tear gas. The in-and-out hegira got me to the party on time. And out of the line of fire. The gathering Wednesday, during the hours before the President "ac- cepted" the nomination, went unnoticed, though it should not escape the history books. It was a gay affair, well sponsored by Nelson A. Rockefeller who is known not to be short of petty cash — a description which well fitted his 200 guests. They were the labor leaders who are willing to stand up and be counted as Republicans — something which prominent union chiefs Haven't done since the days of Herbert Hoover, with a slight deviation during the Tom Dewey and Dwight Eisenhower campaigns. Strangely enough, of the hundreds of festivities, this stand-up drink and hors d'oeuvres gathering in the Promenade Room of the sandbagged Hotel Doral was of most special interest to President Nixon. He's an old labor hand and he now knows that he needs more than the fingers on both hands to tally off Sen. George McGovern's labor support as has been evident in the capital these past few days. McGovern has some 33 national union endorsements (representing 7.6 million members) The Dakotan has, in fact, a majority on the AFL-CIO Executive Council. Of the 35 members, at least 15 are openly for the McGovern-Shriver slate; 5 are ardent Democrats but were angered by McGovern's hyperthyroid young strategists; and 1, the 400,000- member Service Employees' George Hardy, soon will endorse him. And there are the coal diggers. They may hate one another but they come out of the patches to vote Democratic — and they are sufficiently concentrated to swing some states. So the President and his right hand, meaning Charles "Chuck" Colson who holed up in the Doral, are rallying their labor legions which are thinner than expected. But sturdy. They showed at the Gov. Rockefeller party — not only the Teamsters' Frank Fitzsinimcns, but the newly mod, long hair and all, Ray Corbett, chief of the 2.2 million New York State AFL- CIO Federation; Harold Pryor of the United Transportation Union; the Iron Workers' Jack Lyons, now virtually George Meany's constant companion, and others in the construction trades. It all went so well that word spread that Rocky was the best labor organizer the President had. Since Gov. Rockefeller already has been tapped to be one of the President's "surrogate speakers." he will be asked to hit the road to rally labor leaders everywhere. As usual, the labor by-play got little play from the typewriter and tube brigades. But to the President and Chuck Colson, labor is one of the few make-or-break fronts second perhaps only to the youth. And McGovern is swinging in on both with far more strength than that political scientist Dick Nixon is contemplating calmly. So he is running scared. By Carl T. Rowan MIAMI BEACH — Those Democrats who nurse the illusion that the "Old Nixon" will suddenly appear and defeat the incumbent President had better take a close look at that Nixon acceptance speech. It proved beyond a doubt that there is a new Nixon who can appeal to the anxieties, fears, prejudices of the people without showing signs of the mean demogoguery that characterized the old Nixon. Nixon delivered a politically masterful address in which he put "our opponents" (he never mentioned Sen. George McGovern by name) on the defensive in areas of vital concern to millions of people. Look at the President's deft handling of these issues: Racial Quotas — Mr. Nixon is aware that blacks, women, Mexican-Americans, the young have been clamoring for representation hi the political system. So he paid lip service to removing the "last vestiges of discrimination in America." But Mr. Nixon also knows that European ethnic groups and a surprising number of Jews suddenly see "quotas" as a grim threat. To them a quota means taking a job, or something, from them to give it to a black, or some other minority. There can be little doubt that Mr. Nixon scored with them by attacking quotas and asserting that "the way to end discrimination against some, is not to begin discrimination against others." Fear ot Communism — .Nixon the Red-baiter no longer exists. His peacemaker role now rules out even the hint of a slur towards the Soviet Union or the People's Republic of China. He simply drilled in the notion that there is someone out there who will kill us Americans if we don't go on spending $80 billion a year, or more, for defense. "Spending what we need will cost us money," he said. "Spending less than we need could cost us our lives." A cliche perhaps, but Americans have bought it for years. And it was probably an effective part of Nixon's effort to portray McGovern as a threat to national security. Taxes — For most of the last 40 years, Democrats have campaigned successfully on the theory that Americans vote their pocketbooks. Nixon clearly knows this, too, for he moved skillfully to ignore the clamor for tax reform (which he opposes), or the charges that his administration favors the rich. He took the offensive, trying to portray the Democrats as radicals whose giveaway schemes for the lazy would put an intolerable tax burden on Americans. McGovern's proposals would add $144 billion a year to the budget, Nixon said, necessitating a 50 per cent tax increase. McGovern's proposals, he said, would add "82 million people to the welfare rolls." That Is pretty frightening stuff to most Americans. It is shrewd politics, especially since the President wrapped it up in another sweet cliche: "A person should get what he works for and work for what he gets." Never mind that loopholes in our tax laws relating to inheritance, are such that many of the wealthiest people in the land have something they never worked for. Never mind that that $28 billion in cost over-runs on current military projects is money a lot of defense contractors didn't work for. Mr. Nixon is taking the shrewd gamble that the most unsophisticated voters understand an increase in taxes, and that he plays a winning game if he can portray McGovern as a tax raiser. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 yi'ars ago Aug. 28, 1947 l''o!Unviiig two years of preparations the Alton Boxboard and Paper Co. was completing installation of a huge paper - making machine. It was among the freest of its kind ever made, and the 7 • cylinder cie\v. •.- was part of a program of restoring production fav-il:!ies to offset the "wear-out" in its plant over the past decade. To house the machine a building 6CO by 100 teet was constructed. The plant's pulp t.upp)y from Scandanavia had been cut off soon after hostilities opened in Europe and the necessity for substitutes arose. The substitutes required stronger resins and acids to size the sheets making a heavier k/ad on the equipment, causing faster deterioration. For the first time in many years the Alton City Council had been petitioned to change the name of a street in the city. Property owners in the block of Wallace, east of Holinan, asked that their section, a paved portion, be renamed Rock Spring Terrace. Another "street" story showed that almost on the exact date of the 50th anniversary of completion of pavement on Front street a request was made to the council to obtain estimates on cost of widening the street. Removal of a sidetrack by the Big Four R.R. from the Front street "Terrace" provided widening space. Labor Day observance would have a double meaning for the Alton Trades & Labor assembly, since besides celebrating a national holiday, the assembly would also observe its Slrth anniversary of chartering. Dean and John Bacus, brothers, had a reunion after five years in which they had or were serving in the military forces. For a short time, the two were unknowingly stationed near each other in California. Altonians faced another weekend of plus-DCs into low 100-degree temperatures; only a few days previously readings dropped into the mid-70s. 50 years ago Aug. 28, 1922 Oregon Senator McNary was pressing an amendment to the soldiers' bonus in Congress for expenditure of $350 million on reclamation of swamp and arid lands for distribution among veterans. Marking a turn in the strike of shopmen, the Railroad Labor Board began hearings on a petition of the United Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employes for increase of between 23 and 43 cents an hour in scale and a demand for an eight-hour day. Alton bakeries and packing houses did a big business and the Alton-Jerseyville road was heavily travelled as trucks were called into service to supply the area affected by interruption of service on the Chicago & Alton's Jacksonville line. Trainmen's unions were protesting the presence of armed guards at Roodhouse since a series of explosions in that neighborhood, and cited unsafe conditions for operation of trains. Alton Postmaster William Fries was awaiting orders to begin transportation of mail by truck into the affected areas. In the continuing short supply still following settlement of the mine strike, coal selling for 20 cents a bushel retail at the Bethalto shaft of the St. Louis, Bethalto, & Alton Coal Co. was being trucked to St. Louis. A crew of 40 men worked the pit. The first day of the trucking operation one vehicle broke through a bridge. The Alton Store, at the northwest corner of Broadway and Piasa, was opened under general direction of John and Joseph Newport. The Newports took charge of the bargain basement, while Max Greenfield was responsible for the men's department and Harry Getsinger managed the men's and women's shoe department. Nine errors by the Collinsville Meroons contributed to a 7-6 ten-inning victory and kept the Alton Blues* in third place iin the St. Louis area Trolley League standings. I

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