Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 10, 1898 · Page 6
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 10, 1898
Page 6
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th fv 1 "Whoa:" Tlie trolley cnr turned the curve wllh jork rhal made ihe passengers who ere standing hump niralnst those who ro silting and totally iinbalnncod I through Hi from and wher of the llsleners. "Tin 1 current wli'di furnisln r'rgy for the working ol the M! Is produced at the po\\er company, where tin 1 dynamos work are situated, fine end of (lie dynamo is connected with Ihe trolley wire: it he other end Is attached lo He: rail.". These two arc not connected when i there are no ears on the line, so that there is not then a complete circuit. i There Is therefore no current flowing .either alone the trolley wire or In tin- rails. Hill lot the Jrollry wire b" eon- nrcioil In Miy way with the mils, th" ' circuit is complete, and the '-urren: wilt at once begin to How. .\ trolley car furnishes such a cmmect! ; flow Is through the trolley r nnrl its mi several on the baek platform. Then It stopped to let on a weazened up, sel''ii- llflc looking old man. It started with another jerk. There was a Hash, stnnke lolled out from under the ear, and the •tnell of hrimsione came to Hie nostrils «f the pnpsongers. "Bin-nod on!," was Ihe exclamation of (lie. conductor .is lie returned from an Interview will] the motonimi. both of them rnspi'cllng the works of the under portion of UK? ear. "S.iy." said one of those rm the platform, "I wish some one would tell mo bow a car like this Is arranged. What In It that makes It go, anyway?" The little old gentleman straightened felniBoIf up, his face wore a smile and he coughed as ho began, while those around him were all attention: "Ahem," "Met! and their sciences hnvo puc the joke upon the forces of nature, but they have as yet in no way lessened or explained their mysteries. Kleelrlclty,! 'with Its wonder-working power. Is a ittrnngo. Inexplicable a thing to-day as j on the day of Us recognition by the; mind of man. What Is it? No one j knows, not even Tesla or ICdlsim or any : other of the great minds who have bar- j Housed It nmldotormlnod its laws. One I tiling Is certain about It, and that is; tthat electricity i» a form of energy. Iti MO do work and most tremendous work I •t thnt. With tho IniMniinentallly of' Blender wires, and a fo.w mechanical j contrivances. It is able to. drive street! cars nlong nt terrific spood. notwltli.j •landing tho fact that the on r. .urfrfy be i welghtbd down with jiuriiinii freight. vices, nti'l dynamo." The "Id man !nol the iilltslde of Hie the various parts a -To look run 1 V. ould there is In In.oiil.ittnn, nnd beglni filing the wires and even the cure or middle par! of the motor. "The magnet" nl each side of Ihe m-'> tor must also be woi:;id wllh «irc. a.' (In- enrren! flowing around Hum supplier the strength of tiie magnets and al-o the lines which make up ilic Held of force. Then there are carpentry, machine work, forging, lathe work, and ninny other processes going on in the <i!in!>.'. Croat car y .-ire !if»"d i,n bodily by Innocent looking machines, and the trucks (alien out from under them so Hint the motors can be removed. Wheels which have become flnlloned, a tldng Indicated by the bumping of I ho car as It g.ies along, are ground down on u'riniMonoK. As a general Ihing. everj car Is brought Into the shops once lii three months for n thorough overhaul- Inc. and cleaning of the mechanism." lly this time anol her car had come up and began pushing the disabled one alnn:.:. Tlie little old gentleman went In and took his seat.-Detroit Free Press. BELIEVER Son of Kev. IN HENRY GEORGE l)r, Jnlnt II his ;iu •ar and he rc..||!il it t h>' exterior of a CM r n rcalix.- 1 what complieatlt, lie arraiiL'ement of the « li a\e various idc.-is of current goes ami wha' il well Informed genliennin not IDIU; ago to wonder If electricity was produce,) In "ilia; e box up there iii front," meaning • box at which the niotorinan turns . current on and off. The Irolley pole of course, the connecting link between the wire and Hie mechanism of Hie car. I.catling from the base of the pole is a wire which conducts the current to a cut off switch at the end of ihe car. This is In case the motorman Is called out of his car for several minutes, for by it tho current Can be entirely cut off from the car. that is. the circuit Ihroiigh Its mechanism Is broken. When this Is closed, however, as it always Is when the car Is In readiness lo Htart, the current (lows next to a lightning arrester. This Is a device by which, when the powerful energy produced by a lightning Hash (lows Into (he car, a fuse wire Is burned out loading to the motors and the flash Is led directly to the ground. From the lightning arrester, Ihe current goes to the slnrting box at the front of the car. And hero the- complication begins. There .nr« six points indicated on the lop of the starling box, each corresponding It Hncrilicc« \VeiiItli fur : iniilt; Tux Vicwi. ! I'.o'ioii Hall, sun of the late Kev. I>r. ' John Hall, pastor of the Firth Avenue ' Presbyterian Church in New York City, has been cut oil' In Ihe will of his father ; ui;h n .small allowance. The discrimination Is due to Ihe Tact Ihat tin: jouiig man Is one of Hie most onthusl- ,-|s|lc believers in the theories of Henry ; (Jcorge and has arrayed himself wllh i labor unions against capitalists. The , young man seems to be satisfied wllh hl:s lot and will make nn light, against ! the provisions of Hie u 111. : Ilolton Hall Is -I.'! years old and was i born In Ireland. lie Is a man of line TENTMATE A BANDIT. \ NEW YORK l.\\VYi;R'S TMRII.I.IM1 I:V IM-RII-NCI; Wllll.i: A HOUOII HIOKR. Tllfe engines which, produce It may nt,!o n. certain amount of Hie current Hie same tithe.lie -miles away. It Is til- " most witchcraft. It Is ns If man waved Biswand nml caused tilings to obey Ills which Is allowed to How through (ho motors. The Interior of the box Is n strange looking arrangement. It looks will. And .vet those phenomena Imve like a nuinbcr of small Iron wheels laid 5. MARINO PAUTS OF TROLLEY MACHINERY. become KO usual that they liiivu eeaseij lo be objects of surprise OP wonder, Moll see thuin 11 hundred (lines u day tuO more, unil perhaps never onee ask themselves what they all uiunn." After delivering himself of this pon dorOUS prologue, the old gentleman went ou: "lij order to butter understand the ur- rnngctuout by whleh n street car Is mode to go, there, are u few fiinda mental principles- In the laws of electricity which should bo first staled. Cur- reut electricity Is produced In two ways. , by butteries, on by mechanical means, such nit tho dynamo. The latter device is, In Its simplest form, n coll of wire which Is made to revolve rapidly between the two poles of u magnet, tK>ut Into tho shape of n horseshoe. In Hie space between the two ends of such •mingnet IB what Is known n* the Held Of! force. It la a region which Is filled with Hues of force, or lines of stress, running from one of the magnet ends across to tho other. These linos are loops which are completed In the Iron of the magnet Itself. It Is a well- known fact that when a coll of wire forming n complete or cloned circuit Is revolved In this Held, part of the energy which Is required to do this work Is turned Into the form of an electrical current In the coll. (Jlven a cylinder covered with coils, an arrangement called un a r unit nre, revolving In the Held, each of them will have for a short time of (jach revolution, a current. Them" onrreuti are made to (low Into one continuous current by means of a pair of metallic brushes whleh bear on the revolving end of the rolls, the brushes forming the beginning and end of n complete- circuit of wire. If somewhere In Unit circuit there Is another machine like the dynamo, lulo whleh the current In made lo How. the eolls between Us IWigliels an 1 forced around by the mag net lines, and I bo. energy of tin; current IB thus convert ed hack Inlo the energy of mechanical inollon. The hitler ma- I'hlni! lv known us n nmlor. "If . uitY'.vh' re. In u circuit, there Is a Driuik, that Is, a space through which lucre. IB no connection of a conducting tUUiurlal, the current will cease tu Dow, t>Ut the Instant that all of these breaks HTO bridged over b,\ materials which am eODBuotois of vloctrlclly, there Is again # cpntluuous Ho\v of i.'lcctrlclty. Dlft'er- «nt lUtttBt'lals differ In their power lo (gauntlet Sdectrluily. Copper la a good «oo9uctor; iron U not BO good as copper; i» » uou-L'ondnelor, or Insulator. \y jtlven inuterlal, the nl/.e of the atr»e«» tbt> ratu of mi\v. A trlM uot allow KO niiieh dec- ,*W AH k !«H{W Wli'U of the. " ThU iM&ver of opposing »it«t- end on end, all of which turn as (he starting handle Is turned, llenoiith the rims of each of these wheels Is a contact point. These points are differently situated around the perimeter, so that first one, then the next, then the next, shall come Into contact and take tho current. Kach of the positions of tho starting handle, and therefore of the row of wheels underneath, brings Into play a different wire leading down to resistance boxes near the motors. The resistance boxes consist of long colls of sheet Iron. The first position, In which the car Is Just starting, puts In the greatest amount of resistance, and the least current therefore Hows to the motors. The next position of the starter makes the contact with a wire which cuts out some of the resistance, and there Is then a stronger current (lowing lo tho motors. The other positions of the starter correspond with decreasing amounts of resistance and so stronger currents, until the car Is going at full speed. Passing through the resistance colls, the current goes to the motors and (hence through the wheels to the rails. "In the starting box there Is, loo, n reversing arrangement, whleh, however, can only IMI used after the current Is turned off altogether. This consists of a series of wires whleh lead the current through the motors In the opposite direction from that taken by the direct current. (liven tin. 1 inollon ol' (he mo- ' tors, It Is only necessary to have the axle of (he car geared to them and there results the forward or reversed motion of the ear Itself." 'Where do they llx a car like ihlsV" was asked. 'Judging from (he quirt outward appearance of (he shops out JeH'crson avenue one would scarcely i-cali/.e thai there Is going on within ihe coiiiinumis business of repairing all (he ears of Hie elly. no Illlle mailer. I'pwards o| one hundred men are cmpln.xcd lure' Ihe vear round, working like heavers, mend ing, making new, replaclni:. palnliny. Mime of the parts of disabled street ears. On an isvera;,'c from six to pine cars are brought In dally, with disabled motors. Thi' burning out of a inuior is a serious accldcnl, as toe wiring muM often be done entirely over again, an IIOI.TOX IIA 1.1.. education and has a law ofllee In New York City. \Vhlle at college lie became deeply Interested in the works,of Darwin and Huxley. After leaving school he went to work for an Importing linn, eventually becoming a partner.' While In this linn he saw the need of association and tried co-opera I Ion for the boned t of the employes as well as the firm Itself. The plan was to distribute 10 per cent, of the profits, dividing the amount pro rata among the clerks and all others working ou salary. They liked It and the system seemed to give great satisfaction. Hut It soon proved Impractical. The employes were will- Ing to work for a corresponding reduction so as to increase piollts. while this firm received no added benefit from the plan. Then co-operation was abandoned. Young Hall then turned his attention to law, graduating from Columbia College In 18N7. He has since practiced his profession, lie became Interested In the writings of Bellamy and Henry fieorgo, their views bc.lng along the same line as those held by himself. He soon was an apostle of Ihe single-tax doctrine of the latler,and went Into the movement heart and soul. In It he saw the remedy for bad government and all our social Ills. Speaking ou this subject, Mr. Hall says: "No one should be permitted to hold lain) without paying to the community the value of the privilege thus accorded, and from the fund so raised all expenses of government should be paid. \Ve would therefore abolish all taxation, except that upon Ihe value of land exclusive of Improvements. This tax should be collected by the local government and a certain proportion be paid to the State government. This system would dispense with a horde of tax gatherers, simplify government and greatly reduce Its cost. It. would do away with Ihe corruption and gross inequality Inseparable from our present methods." Mr. Hall Is opposed to alms-giving, and sees In the charity distribution methods of to-day only a cause for evil. "If I had any amount of wealth," says he, "I would not make the poor still more helpless by giving them money, but I would give them opportunities to earn money for themselves." He Is a stanch friend of labor unions and Is treasurer of the longshoremen's powerful organization In New York City, which has B.uOU members. OPENS A DANCING SCHOOL. Jersey City Miulnler Instructs !(!• I'coiilc la Tcrpulclloreuii Art. For thirteen years Itev. John L. Soud- der has preached In a big Congregational Church In Jersey City. He has opened a dancing school In his church for the young people who attend his Sunday services anil his congregation np- [irovcs of the act. Mr. Scudder Is an Immense amount of labor, entailing an expense of at least $50. The winding ol' the motors with wire Is an Interesting occupation and requires considerable skill. Hncli loop of wire consists of four turns, which are hound around with Insulating paper and protected on the corners with Isinglass. These are then bound around wllh Insulating ia|.» and each bundle, of wire Is put In ll.-i proper place In'the frame of ihe nmlor. The binning out of a motor Is often due lo thu too rapid starling of the car, as the full current then rushes through tbo motor, otteu Jumps over UIB Blight all around athlete , All hU |,ie. particularly his college life, he has boxed, played fool ball, b.isc La!!, nnd everything else of tin 1 kind which was go- Ing. In his study at the church are pic- lures of him with hU various college teams. He was captain of his baseball class icam at Vale. "1 do not lies!(ale to say that my Vale athletics did more lo make a clergyman of mo than i my training al (he I'liion Theloglcal | Seminary," said he thu other day, I Nervous pa-iseiigei 1 - Captain, what would be tht 1 result IF thu steamer should strike all Iceberg while wo arc plunging through this tog? Captain of steamship—Tim Iceberg would move right along, madam, Just ns If nothing; had Uappuuod.—Chicago Tribune. ' His Smooth-Paced Chum, Who Tnlkcd l.lkc n Woman and Seemed So Frlendlcsa as to F-xcllc Ills I'lly, Proved to be n Desperado Who W'nn Wanted In KntiJfls lor Murder, A number i.-f the New York bn>s who enlisted with the roiu-h ridels experienced wiinc seven 1 shocks during Ihe llr.«t few days Ihat regiment was •In camp at Tampa while getting acquainted with Ihelr associates In the organization. The New York Imy* were scattered around Ihe various troops ami thrown In with men fro'n the West and Sonlliwesl, who wen 1 of n type with which (hey wen- inrt familiar. A young New York clubman, who served through Ihe Santiago eani- IKUJJII with Col. Koosevell told Ihe following story c.;f his lirsl days In the regiment at the I'niversily Club the other nl.uht, according to tho N'e v Yuri; Sun. >- l went to Tampa alone, after the regiment bail been there for several days, armed with letters which 1 fell pretty snre, wouhl result It) my beiii;i taken In. Soldiering was a thing I had n^vcr given any thought tu before the war broke out, and I was about as green a youth n« ever made application at a recruiting station. Al! of my time bad been devoted lo the slndy of law and a struggle to establish myself, and my ill sneeess probably had as much lo do with my desire to lifrhl for my country as anything else. "1 had never heard much about Hie rough riders!, but never having been In (he West. 1 bad no Idea what kind of men formed the nucleus of Ihe re;.' lino-lit, although I had heard there were lots of eo-wboys "mid Western bad men In the ranks. The day I struck Tampa 1 presented my letters to Col. Wood, and the next day I way a trooper. My troop was made lip almost entirely of Westerners, a.nd at that time I was the only New Yorker in it. 1 didn't make friends very rapidly, but my lentinate seemed a docem sort of a fellow, and 1 was soon on pn-ity good terms with him. Ho was a little. smooCi-faccc! fellow, with a linn jaw and a keen eye. and. I should say, a.bont ,'!(» years of age. He was very quiel, but when be did tall; it was in a voice as soft as a woman's. "I made up my mind that he was a good fellow, lint rather ditlideiit, and that In order to make our relations more cordial, I must draw him out. I felt rather sorry for him, and for u time made a. point of going everywhere wli'h him In order to make him feel more comfortable. He took my overtures in good part and seemed lo enjoy my company. About Ihe fourtn day It. suddenly .dawned on me tlnu my bashful Ilmlo •btinUie' knew till about me, my name, station In life and all the other .things that n frienu Is supposed to know, while all I knew a.lxnn him was that his name was Itedmond. So I just tackled him one day and told him thai, as we might bo to^ollier for months, I'd like lo know who ho was and where he came from and whe.Mier he had a family. 'You see. liedmond,' I said, 'our homes may bo all we'll have to talk about before this war Is over, so we might as well know one another.' "He gave me a queer look, mumbled somel.hlng about seeing me later, and left the tent. I made up my mind right there thai there was some sad secret In his life that be couldn't talk ,'i'bout to so new an acquaintance as myself, and I didn't bolher his again. I was so blue myself about being away from my friends and relative- that a grea.t wave of pity for this poor fellow, who seemed so much less able to stand trouble than I, swept over me. The second night after this Itedmond put ou his coat and said he was going out for a walk. 'Hold on a minute,' I said, 'and I'll go with you.' " 'Oh, I'm not going far,' he said 'you'd boiler r.tay. I'll be back In an hour.' 'Hut I want to go, 1 I said. Tin sick of hanging around the tent.' "He said no more and we went out together. There were no guards but the provosl guards and Ihe men could wander around at will. Wo went Into the town and stopped at a saloon, where Itedmond made mo gasp by drinking nearly half a tumbler of whiskey without wincing. Wo went to several other places and bad drinks, and dually, al: my suggestion, started back for camp. We were 1 passing through a very dark street when Ited- mond suddenly came to a standstill, and, hauling out his big cavalry revolver, examined It carefully and then turning to mo, said: 'You'd better step In that doorway a moment. I'll bo right back.' "I looked up and then noticed, about a hundred yards away, a man coming toward us. Ho was a well dressed, prosperous-looking man, and as I saw Itedmond take u step In his direction It came over me all of a sudden what he Intended to do. " 'See here, Itedmond,' I called, walking forward and catching him by the shoulder, 'what are yon going to do'/' " 'Hold him up,' he said in his soft voice. '(!o Into a doorway; it won't take a moment.' " 'Not a bit of It.' 1 said. "You'll do no such work as that while I'm around.' "An expression which defrayed Hie man's real character came over his face and for a senmd 1 (bought li" was going In shoot me. Hefore lie j; H a chance I continued: " •Uedmond, If you need money I'll help yon out. I've little. 1 won't stand for any game as this, though.' " '1 can gel along until we get a pay day on Ijifi. Can you lei me have that much?' "'Certainly,' 1 said, and I gave him a bill In a hurry, for Ihe stranger was gelling daiigcro'nly near us. He put up bis revolver and the stranger passed us, little knowing \\hai a narrow esca pe bo had had, "Itcdnuiiid never made the slightest reference to the affair on our wav 10 camp. !>iil when wo gut Info our tent 1 told him very plainly that I was going to quit him. and 1 made nu exchange with another man tho nexl day. Ho wasn't the least disturbed by my leaving him, and always gret-'- ed mo pleasantly when lie mot me. .' week laloi 1 ho came around and gave buck my $.'i. We hadn't had a pay d,iy, ainl 1 don't know to this day u here 4ie got the money. "from this Incident I guessed (hat Kedmoiid was un unscrupulous follow but I never had the rainiest ooiiccp tlon of what a scoundrel In-, was. r vvasu't until 1 got to Camp Wmoli Unit 1 learned all about Itedmond. 1 eauio. up to' thin camp from Cuba. Hi mine from Tair)>ri and got then! altiad of me. When I |:ot» he ^:is mule!' guard, nllhunirh he wasn't •iiipposeil In Know II. Hi 1 wan wauled in KniHax for murderim; two women, and (he K.'in-'Ms olllcers who hrouuht on the warrant told a tale of lled- nii'iid's career that win bloodcurdling. In addition to being a murderer In was notorious a* a tniln robber and all-around di sporndo. A Sergeant was put on guard over him so that ho couldn't gel away, but one night wlili'- the Sergeant was peacefully slopping J!edi:ioml cut out the whole buck .if Ibe ten! and escaped. The next day llu 1 defective came on lo nrresl Ited- mond. having procured flic right from Ihe War I>oparlmcnl. but the bird had Iliiwn. and 1 have never heard that he was captured. Thai was all there was to 11. bill If you could meet Itedmond by the way. that was mi-rely an iillao you would never believe that he- was anything but a mother's darling." MIRACI.I: OF 1)0 I'UUP'S OR*VH. The Dire Prophecies ol n " Cnnuck " Porluae Teller. Kvery French-Canadian resident of Maim- believes Ihat a miracle has been performed over the grave of I'aul Iloaupro, who died and was burled In tin 1 woods above Crind.-tone Fails four years ago. I'.eanprc. or Ho I'cop. as lie was called by his acquaintances, was a folium 1 feller anil peddler of snakeskin charms, who traveled from camp lo camp in winlcr selling his amulets and preying upon the credulity of his countrymen by protending to reveal future events. Foitryearsago lie was taken 111 with pcnnionla while staying at a camp on the Fast Branch and died Inside of a week. Heforo his death he expressed a wish lo have bis body taken (o Montreal for burial, pronouncing a fearful curst 1 upon those who neglected to obey ills last request. Among other catastrophes that were to follow a dell!: 1 .! of his wish were the sudden death of the camp foreman, the loss of the year's cut of logs and Ihe burn- Ing of the camp. lie also said that If he were buried in I ho woods a living cross would grow up from his grave which should serve as a perpetual warning to all unbelievers. Hcaupro died In November, ]S94. His body was sewed up in new blankets and carried to a rocky point above (irindstone, where the bearers placed it. under tho roots of a great, yellow birch tree which had lately been overturned in a gale. When, the remains bad. been duly disposed in the stony opening, one of the men chopped off the fallen tree trunk with an axe. allowing the stump to fly back, thus filling the hole and burying the body under tons of oarlh. Two weeks Inter the camp boss was killed by a railing limb. The following, spring the logs were hung up for want of water and while they were lying oil the shore waiting'for rains a forest fire swept thrqugh the woods burning the logs and the camp where the men had worked. This fall a party of Frenchmen who had been hunting dee;- stopped at Ho Peep's grave and were surprised to (ind that tbo yellow birch which covered his remains had sprouted from the stump, sending up three shoots which had interlaced so as to form a cross abuiii ten fool tall. When they saw (hat tho lasit of Ihe dead man's predictions had been fnllllh'd. they came ou! and circulated the story all over eastern Maine, since which time the grave 1ms been visited by set,res of French-Canadians, all of whom believe that a miracle has been wrought above the dead. CHEERY JOHN FUCHS. Without Arnif, Hr Vet .Known Nut llr**tHi!idfru-.v. Mr. John Fuclis. aged (iii years, who lives at Mllllowii. near New Hiuns- wlck. N. •'.. bnvlng lost both Ids arms nearly I h I r t y years ngo. has J r n i n e d his stumps lo work marvelous!}- for him. Owing lo an accident that b, fcl him h I s loft arm had to precedent will no doubt lie follow by other tourists nnd oilier porters, tourism have a new problem fo consider. Tho question will now exist no! only bow much a man must p.'iy for his board, room, candles, shaving water, lire building, etc., but also how much Kenorosil\ bo must pay,,In order In assist Ibo landlord In meollliff Ihe Rtilnrie.s of Ids assistants. Pcminlae Flnancf?rln^. 'T have a vague recollection," said n prominent business man, "that when I was a boy I heard as an impersonal joke much used by minslrel shows exactly Ihe same story that I am now going to loll yon as a truth. Tho thing actually happened during the summer just. pass"d. 1 had occasion to go abroad for a couple of weeks during September, but before I went away I left in bank, at Ihe disposal of my wife, a sum of money I hut I considered more than ample, to meet all her needs while I was away. I gave her my check book. In which there wore at least llfly signed checks, whleh t instriiclod her how to (ill up. Well, n.s I learned upon my return, I ho good lady got along fa- moi'sly for a while, for when a woman has n chock book at her command she is supremely happy. One day, however, about a week before, my return, she went into the bank to got some cash. The paying teller told her very politely that there was no money there for lior—tho account was already overdrawn. My wif.> was Indignant, and Insisted that there must be some mistake. The teller suggested that she bring her bank book for comparison. 'I have It right with me,' said my wife, fumbling In her reticule; 'and,' said she, as she drew out my cheek book, 'you can see for yourself that there are still quite a number of chocks In It Ihat haven't been used yot.' The paying teller refrained from hnigh- lug, and endeavored to give her n sJiort lesson in banking, but she doesn't understand it yet."--Philadelphia Itocord. snme got a such Chicken Eating Squirrels. "What are you shooting?" said n 111:111 at the old Mocker tavern In Union lo a couple of Newark gunners a few days ago. "We are (.III IV.- gray squirrels." said one of ihe .Ncwarkers. "1 wish you' would kill them all," said the hold lean. "They killed twenty-four of my young chicken.') this season." "Are you sure of that." said one of the Newarkers. to whom the fact that sijidiTols aiv omnivorous was n surprise. "Sure as slnmilng," the I'ldon man replied. "Wo climbed (lie lives and found parts of the young chickens In I ho squirrels' nosl." li Is u n undisputed and Indisputable fact that red squirrels cat flesh, and gray squirrels have frequently been accused of the eat-like habit of killing and eaiIng nestling birds, but this was a case whore proof watt found.— Newark Sunday Call. The Origin ot let Cream, Ice cream or Iced "butter," as It was llrst called from its supposed resemblance to that substance, was first known In Paris In 177-1, according to Harper's Hussar. The Due do Clw- (res al Ihat lime often wont to the Purls colico-houscs to drink a glass of Iced liquor, and tin- landlord Inning one day presouiod him with his "arms" formed in edible lee, this kind of sweetmeat became the fas);- ion. (Ionium cooks at once took up tho now art, and 11 spread to and America shortly Afterward*. i:ows, risims AND SHOOTS. amputated just below the shoulder and the right was taken off at the elbow. To the stump of the right arm he had a hook ntllxed, which he gradually learned to manipulate with great dexterity. Having a fondness for outdoor life, Mr. Fuclis found that he could devote some of his lime to fishing and hunting with advantage. But he had to exercise his ingenuity. In rowing a boat be encircles the oar with the stump of his right arm, pressing it against tho check, which he bonds down low to meet the oar to give him a better purchase. Hunting himself In Ihe bow of the boat, with a continuous wriggling motion of the whole right side of the body, Fuclis propels his boat along. Mr. Fuclis Is an expert fisherman. lie has an eight-foot rod. When lie has reached the right spot In the river he anchors his boat and adjusts tho rod under Ills armpit In such a way as to allow four or flve feet of it to project behind him. The bait ho fixes on the hook with his mouth. After experiencing a number of mishaps from the hook getting caught in ' his clothing, Mr. Fuclis devised an Invention to avert any further annoyance of this sort. This invention consists of two revolving wheels, milled to n piece of board. Each wheel is made of a couple of barrel heads fastened together so as to leave a groove around the circumference. In this groove a stout line with hook attachment is wound. A handle helps to pay out the lino by causing the wheel to revolve outward or i'l- ward. Tho two lines are baited and thrown from the boat In opposite directions. A cog prevents the wheel from revolving outward any further than is necessary. When the cog is violently agitated the fisherman knows he hns caught something and rapidly turns the wheel Inward until the prize is secured. The arrangement by which Mr. Fuclis manages to discharge ills shotgun Is still more Ingenious, With his hook he takes the weapon and puts It in place against his right shoulder, night opposite his month at the butt end of the gun, which lie leans against his cheek, to take aim, arc two strings. Each communicates with a trigger. In tiring tho weapon he seizes out; of the strings with Ids teeth and gives a quick backward jerk of his head, and the weapon Is discharged. In nine cases out of ten tho object at which he aims, be it n bird or a rabbit, Is shot. The method of loading tho gun Is also Ingenious. The powder flask owned by Mr. Fuclis measures automatically the exact quantity required to load the gun. This he obtains by touching the spring with the hook attached to the right hand. Then he forces down the powder Into the barrel, following with the shot by means of the ramrod, which he presses down with elbow. The ramrod Is withdrawn from the barrel of the gun by means of the hook attached to the right arm. In addition to being a sportsman lids resourceful man has acquired n knack of sawing wood, and he has got so that he can manipulate a saw with ease. He dislikes to have nothing whatever to do, and when he Is not gunning or fishing he Is apt to be found In the yard In the roar of his modest cottage home In Mllltown sawing up wood. Two years ngo his wife, some years older than himself, was stricken with blindness and afterward became bedridden, nnd yet she, too, Is cheerful despite her Indrmltles. THIS WOMAN A HUSTLER. Flic HIIIIN Hrr Ovtti I'lnntntlou nml In u ^uccc««. Ill this IIRO of tho world It Is no new thing to see a woman making a success of n business enterprise. Hut n few have so far been able to handle, n large landed estate and make It return, n handsome revenue. Farming or operating n plantation hns been generally conceded to lie a masculine undertaking. Hut Mrs. I.ella Seaton Wilder, of Decalur, Ala., has demonstrated that she can handle her 1,000 acres ns well n.s any man could. Up to ton years ngo Mrs. Wilder, who Is a dashing Southern woman, hail nothing more Important to look after than her wardrobe and having a good time. Then her husband died, leaving her wil'.i a large landed estate. She never dreamed of taking charge herself, but. In common with all women of her class In the South, hired an overseer and put In three years traveling abroad. When she returned home from her wanderings she found her plantation in the condition of n typical "whlow's place." with ragged fences, Ill-kept Holds and revenue Insulliclotit lo pay expenses. She stopped this at once, discharged her overseer, took complete charge and commenced to work on her own account. She assembled her negro people, who had been on Ihe plantation for years, told them she would be their "boss" In the future and run the farm. Then she selected one of the oldest and most respectable of their number as her assistant and set them all lo work. She rides on horseback ,M!!S. LKI.IA SKATOX WII.DKK. dally all over the plantation, sees tha every order she gives Is carried out t the letter, lets no broken fences o weak gates spoil her crops, hears an settles all complaints and handles lie colored workmen with a firm, jus hand, claiming at once their rospec and fealty. She harvests and sells nl her crops, then spends part of,the yea In travel, spending her winters mostlj in Washington. Typioal Hands, n There is a marked difference between the Spanish and the American hand. In tho latter the third linger, which Is called Ihe finger of brilliancy, Isfe-quare- tippod. This gives n practical turn to the Intellectual development. The second linger In this hand Is spaluhite tipped and well formed, showing n wholesome disposition that Is free from morbid theories nnd that Is Impulsive enough to save from overeautlon. The first finger Is pointed, giving religious sentiment and Ideality In art and sentiment. The first finger Is rather long, which shows a desire to load. The fourth linger Is rather long and conical shaped, showing versatility and love of advancement. The thumb Is large and Independent looking, showing groat energy. The principal lines of tills hand, the lines of lite, fa to, head and heart, are all strong and well developed. It Is a hand that Is Invincible; It follows no one typo, but draws strength from various suuivos, and therefoie possesses versatility. The Spanish baud belongs entirely to tho pointed linger typo of Ihe dreamer and Idealist, rather than one who can calculate and execute. Thcro could never be a chauco for (ho owner of such hands lo win from thu nmny-ldoaod, versatile American. Made One of the Jtost PciiHiitlonn Plays Kver Jfeuii on the Gridiron. A M O U S in til foot-ball annals o 1SUS Is Arthur Pot of Princeton. A m of 1)5 yards, a feu brief seconds, am Poo was the nios talked of man b Now Kngland. »I snatched vi c t o i', from seeming tit Cent, nnd, once hi' hind Yale's goal, h had all tigertowi at his feet. The sons of Ell wore crowd ing-the tigers. It was an uncomfortable moment. The ball was on the tigers twenty-yard line. A couple of rushes and it had gone five yards nearer. Yah was bent on mischief. Durston hai carried tho ball with success once 01 twice, and lie was given another trial Ho gripped the ball and made the mistake of his life by letting it slip awa> from him when ten tigers made n lunge .it him. Poe was not in Hie scrimmage Like a hawk he watched. The human tent (laps opened and tho oval shot from Durston and Into the waiting arms of Poo. Like n Hash Poo was up (he Held. It was the opportunity of'his life. Down the Held he sped. It was first n runaway, then a race. Poo had boonsoenwlth his pilfered leather tuck od under his arm by Chnmberlln, Still- mnuaiid Benjamin. Big, heavy St.lllmnn was soon loft behind.' Poe had a lame legnn'd Cliamberlin gained on tho midget. On and on flow Poe. Chamberlln tired and was passed by Benjamin, who took up the chase. Twenty thou , "Tipping" l;0||fltlzDll. Kvery traveler considers tipping u nuisance, but now Hint It has been In- doiv,otl by a higher court of Vienna, Austria, It Is hard to toll where It will t'lid. A tourist, having stopped four wed;- 1 at a certain hotel, gave the head- porter six florins as a gratuity; lie claimed ten, and locked up tho gentleman's lupga^u mull it should bo "paid," The matter was taken ln|o the courts, and It was developed that the porter received no wages from the hotel (a fact which tho tourist was supposed (o know), and that ho therefore had to depend on the generosity of quests. Tho generosity which the gentleman owed t!iu servant was then gravely computed at it certiiIn number of krvul/.ors per day, and It was decided that the traveler must pay not only ten, but twelve florin*, before ho i-oilld gut his lugjf<ij;o from tuo resolute, porter. At) tuls AUTHUU col;. sand people urged the runner on. Hon- jamln was gaining, but Poo. was near- lug the goal. He forgot his lame knee, and with one despairing effort fell over the goal line with Ifei.Jamln six feet behind. Poo had scored a touchdown, Yale had been defeated, and a new hero loomed up over the foot-ball horizon. C'o-()|ierallvi> Dairies In IScli;luiii. From I. fjssels Consul Koosevolt reports the eir.>.aiplated formation of a co-operative association of milk dealers and cheoso-ir.akors. it Is purposed to conlldu the direction of the oheese dairies to women suitably educated for the work. Hesldes technlciil Instruction, a knowledge of bookkeeping nnd u. competent understanding- of i dairy work will bo required of up ' plIcaiitH. Annexed to thu admlrnUy equipped government agricultural and Industrial school at Ovorysschu Is u cheese dairy school, where complete Instruction Is given In cuouse-mnklni,'. UllllllllONN, Night Hlnducss Is a peculiar (iffec, tlon of the ey« In which tho patient sees very well during, but becomes blind as night approaches. It |g mostly met with In warm climates, ami usually gives way to mild treat mont. Jtli'd-llk».--t''lr8t Hcider--Tho new b.Ulot-box they are getting out lu a bird, Hocoud Ilwler—Ah! Tlieu tl cuu be "What Is that dreadful crowd?" "i don't know. Either Hobson Is In town or shirt waists urt marked down to nineteen cents."—Chicago Ilccprtl, The .Ytldgo (sternly)—The liext person who Interrupts the proceedings will bo expelled from the court-room. Tho prisoner (enthusiastically)—lloorny.— t'uck. She—"tlnvo you heard 'Songs Without Words?' Ho—"I've henrd n lot of them without music." After that the Incident nud piano were closed.—lu. dlanapolls Journal. Mrs. Jones—Why don't you do something to support yourself? The tramp —I WUH t'lnkln', madam, of startlu' otio of dem endless chains of letters con- tributln' to me relief.-- Puck. ' "This," snld Mr. flitter, "Is a picture of the only girl I over loved." "How cleverly," said Miss Wyse, as she looked nt the portrait, "(hey do get up thuso composite photographs!"—Truth. Pruyn—Have you hoard that horrible story about old Sllffo being burled nllvo? Dr. llolus (hastily)—Hurled alive? llnposslble! Why, he was otns :if my patients.—Brooklyn Life. Farmer (to young thief)—What are you doing under tho tree with that apple? Bright boy—I was just going to climb up tho tree lo put back this apple, which, I see, has fallen down.— Plttsbnrg Bulletin. Jinks—I want to buy a dog. I don't know what they call tho breed, but It la something the shape of a greyhound, with a short, curly tnll nnd rough hair. Do you keep dogs like thntv Fancier- No; I drowns 'eni!—Punch. He—It scums to bo generally acknowledged as a fact that nearly nil women admire n soldier, She—i don't know as to the married ladles, but none of the single ones would object to a good offer-sir.—Chicago News. Miss Antiquate—Perhaps you arc not aware of the fact that my family came over in tho Mayflower. Miss Cutting— i Indeed! But then I suppose you were |; too young at tho time to remember much about the trip.—Chicago News, S The hired help—Say, this hero Ico you ( have boon Jeavlu' Is five or ton pounds short every moruin'. The '-Iceman— Sure. It's the burulu' ginnces of them lovely blue eyes that molts it before I kin git It to tho house.—Cincinnati Enquirer. Willio Smith was plnylug with the Jones boys. His mother called him: "Willie, dou't you know those are bad boys for you to play with?" "Yes, mother," said Willie, "I know that, but then I am a good boy for them to play with." Father (sternly)—What Is this I hear about you' gambling? Son (hastily)—I admit I play cards, father, hut it Is only for small stakes. Father—Oh, as long ns It Is for something to eat I don't inlud. But dou't let mo hoar you playing for money.—Truth. Mrs. Dashlelgh—I sea here. Ethel, that every name hns a moaning. Thus Harold moans "brave," Charles moan.'! "gay," Richard Miss Dashlelgh (iu- terruptlngly)—O, I know what Dick means, ma. He menus business. lie told mo so last night!—Boston (jlobo. Little Clarence (who reads and ponders)—Pa, is it true, as Sunkspoaro says, that "all tho world's a-stage?" Mr. Callipers—It may have been s« In Shakspoaro's time, but us far back ts i can remember it has boon more like a. court-house—it lias been so full of trials.—Puck. Friend—Your wife Is certainly a brilliantly handsome wou>an. 1 should thiuk you would bo jealous of her. Host (confidentially)—To tell you the truth, Kobblns, I am. I never Invite anybody here that a sane woman could possibly take tho least fancy to. Little Harry—Pa, what's n foregone conclusion? I'll—Anything that's sure to follow something else. To give you an Illustration: If 1 were lo lock the Irawor of my desk It wouldn't be twenty minutes before your mother would break it open for the purpose of Hud lug out what I was trying to conceal.— Cleveland Lender. She did not hesitate.lo express alarm concerning the young soldier's future. "Have no fears," he exclaimed, choer- .ly. "Wo hnvo a colonel who Is both gallant nnd discreet, and subordinate olti- eers who are Intelligent as well as jrave." "I know nil that, Harold, dear. But what kind of a cook have you?"— Washington Star. Teacher—Now, children, we all know what the word posterity means, do wo not? Pupils—Yes, ma'am. Teacher— Well, then, write a sentence containing the word. (Five minutes later.)—"Now, Johnnie, you may read yours." Johnnie —I am sorry for the kids of posterity that wil!,h.nve to learn this war out of i book. We have a regular sunp.- Trutb. I'd like to know what you would ever have been if I hadn't married you. iohn Henry!" "I should probably huvu icon the unnapplcst man ou eai'tti." If 10 had stopped there, there might have icen'a protocol, but he went on: "Peo>le uevcr know when they are well off." After which there was nothing to do but go ou with the quarrel.—Chica;o Tribune. A tourist who bad been caught In a severe storm up In tho Highlands cou- ;ratulat«d himself, after finding a soil- ary cottage, ou being asked to stay »ver night. After donning n suit of the guld man's clothes till his own were Iry, he met thu mistress on (he stairs vlth a big Bible in hor baud, and she. nlstnklugthcsirnngcr for her husband, gave him a (hump on the head with ihu llble, remarking: "That's for nskln' he man to stay n' ulcht." I)rii(jglHiH' Host Customers. "It Is a great mistake to suppose that mgglsls sell (he most medicines when cople arc sick," said a veteran New Jrlcans pharmacist. "The exact re- erso Is tho case. Our best patrons aro oiks who are well, but who have a lanln for trying this remedy and Ihat or Imaginary maladies, 1u>u would bo iirprlsed to kupw how largo a class Ills Is and how persistently they dose •iPliiselves year lu and out, - except •lion (hey are really sick. At tnich mes they send for a doctor, and tho osiilt, an far as the druggist Is con- erned, wouldn't average over $1 pleco for proscriptions. Tin; BIIIIIO orsou, If well, would probably buy cveral dollars' worth of proprietary medics. It soenis queer", but It Is pun health, uot upon sickness, thai: lu drug store thrivws."—Now Orleans 'Inies-Dumoerat. "When a man U angry lie tells you hat hu thinks of you." "Ves, and •hen u woman is uiiyry she lolls you •hat she thinks of you and whut every- oily olsu thinks of you, word, Wlmu a man ha* troubles, rouses mom by being cros*. ho lu-

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