Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 10, 1898 · Page 2
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December 10, 1898

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 2

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Alton, Illinois
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Saturday, December 10, 1898
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SATURDAY EVENING TELEGRAPH'rxr to one, the American Hoard, wMio" ils wtvvk In flu- Caviiiin" l- J l:u in Ihe I'iirlicsl opporl nnily. The 1'r hyteriajis. ftaplisls aittl Sonili: tli" i'oiigri"_ r atl'inal Spain has jprrlenpc. It Is useless now to ask (i .Tilt's views on anne.val.'on, The time lias now come In the history of die Nicaragua f'ntial when it oughi to begltl hi make history. That there is "plenty of room al the top" may be Irue, but the man at tin: bottom finds that iptile anolher slory. lOfl Hi Ille Islands Ihlll'Tlo under till' I SMI'ereimit y fit Spain, religious liberty I will ho iru.-iranlccd. and it is luii-mlcd j that tin' pre.'idiing of (lie Gn«pcl (it i peace shiii! fotl'iw as iiuid;|y iitel as j widely :is possible tin 1 distressing r.'iv- j a ires of \var. WILL ABOLISH WAR. ELECTRICIAN TE3LA DEVISES A NtW POWER. t"Hfli'**S Ilir l)i-»tr,n< Ilia- r- In \c:iv Vnl'li NIKOLA TBSI.A. Whoso Discovery, It Is Cla'med, AVIII Abolish War arid Chnnjte the Fate of Nations. W MKN all Hi" \vnrl( Ing with nim»rs <i penning ei.inssal now and Xhen somebody writes about the "passing it! \\\<> horse." Mm. they can't all come in llrst, ilon't .von know? Now lln< Insurgents in Cnha want all tile Offices. The;' won't work, and when not eating they chew the end of disappointment. A prominent physician recommends •Cycling as a ciirn fur Innaey. Possibly tills explains Ihe behavior of Mime r.f the bicyclists. Am] now a Canadian comes forward «Ud asserts that In.' can make millions out of sawdust. Say limbing and saw W6()<1. brothers. Those who are trying to make headway 111 life enn draw the moral from football that It often lakes a lot "f kicking to reach the goal. By nn Ingenious arrangement a dork 1n Brussels winds Itself up liy wind. There are many statesmen In this conn- try who are fashioned after that dork. Progress in Its time has KOI lilnls from tlio Chinese. This civilized prop- ositkm that they rut llieir hair Is trying 'to.take tile i|iieue from them In another way. "Tho groat prolilem of tlio future," .according to tin; Baltimore Herald, "Is ! how to save the oyster." Tut! Tin; managers of church fairs solved Unit .long n go. The Prince of Wales lias, It Is said, •auctioned the public USD of toothpicks. Thl/i will make no difference whatever to two classes of people—those without ^refinement and those with It. (I Is ritij;- f an Ini- I conflle; tlici-c come* from ihc laboratory of one of. the gl'e.'il nniL'Id.'IIH of science the aniiouni-enienl of the development of a | power which he bdicvc-i is destined Illl- r in the era of universal peace by the demons!ration nf ils ability to destroy, without the possibility of dcfen-c. Ihc mightiest anna- mciiis of nil Hie naval powers. In the words of Nikola Tesla, Hie electrician, "war will cease to lie possi- hie \\iieu all Hie world knows lo-iimr- row that Hi" tuns; feeble id' Hie nations can supply itself Immediately with a wca|nui which will render its coast secure and ils purls Impregnable lo Hi" aiilis o|" the united armail.-ts of iln- rid. Battleships will cease to be built ainl Hie mlghlies; .'innorelads ami the most ircnietiilotis artillery afloat will be of no more use than se much scrap Iron. And this Ircsistilih power can be exerted at ati,\' ilNutieo liy an au'eucy of so delicate, so impal|iabl" a quality that 1 fed that I am .Instilled In predicting I 11:1 I Ihe lime Will come, lllcred- Iblc as it may s"cui. when it can be called Into action by Hi.- mere exercise of the human will." Ill brief. Mr. Tcsla's lalosi and most "K..rlhcr than this, it will. | starlllng n'irade consists In an appllca- I A»,ttallan count has been Imprisoned for killing .1'imin In a duel. .Serves , ,li|ni right. 'Mistakes will happen, of Bourse, but that dngo evidently didn't tlUdersfaud the first principles of the The tnaga/.lue war correspondents continue to write of the alleged mifav- orahle position of our troops ut .Santiago. However, they don't go so far as to claim that the Spanish forces .reclined on beds of roues. ''Admiral Dewey," says n contemporary lu a neighboring city, "does not linve 'the -fighting, hltiu eye.' He has the fighting black eye." Oh, no. When .Dewey Is In the case, It's always the other fellow Unit gets the black eye. Congressman Loverlng recently, In ,- fipcaklug of the unsntlsfaetory dccl- elcas n Congressman Is often foreed to make In giving his vote upon Congressional acts, very positively and truly «ald, "The fact Is that there Is much <of law-making thnt 41 :i compromise. I «do not like to usu tin; word, because any meaning may be mistaken or misrepresented. It Is not necessarily u •compromise, between what la absolutely right and what Is absolutely wrong. There can never by but one way to vote 4n such a case—Yes! for the right and WoJ for the wrong." re than any other eiii/en i rieaii forest owner or liiml man "sin airalnsi light" In the conduct j mediately to u of his business when '! has been falrly | brought home to his convictions thai the methods lie has heretofore pursued are not only detrimental lo Ihe broadest Interests of ihi 1 country, but are certain, if continued, lo place his call- Ing on the list of things lhal were. He needs lint to lie .-uH-illcd on these points, and lo have belief methods ex- hlblieil as both practicable and profitable, lo Induce the general adoplion of such methods, Through newspaper ai tides, pamphlets and lectures fie ha already become fairly conversant with tin! evils nf prevailing methods In itsiii).'. or raiher misusing, our forests. What Is now needed is Ihe spread of miiiule and correct Information as lo Ihe practical application of scientific forestry. It is a wise step, therefore, that jtHI. taken by Ihe national I'oreslry bureau, III offering lo send free of charge to all owners of timber lands and wood lots a book of jiislruetlous as to I hi; best methods of harvesting a forest crop. so far as the funds of the department will penult, furnish to every owner or standing timber or wood In! 1 :, working plans for Ihe harvesting of his pnrticu lar tract or Iracls. Owners of small tracts will receive assistance without cost. Owners of large tracts. Involving dilllciilt problems of working, will share In Ihc expense of the solution of these problems. A government agent Is sent on application lo look over Ihe tract of woods or timber. He examines the Intel, shows how Ilii merchantable limber may best be handled or preserved, and how the cut-over portions can best he reforested. A person wishing to lake advantage of Ihls offer by the Government can do so by applying lo GlfTord Plnchot, forester, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C." There can he little doubt, that the demand for the Intelligent guidance thus offered will be large. And It Is significant that the advance of forestry to the position of a scientific calling Is draw- Ing "back to the soil," as It were, no sniall proportion of (ho Intellectual youth of the country, whoso opportunities have heretofore been largely construed as limited to thu professions of law, medicine nnd divinity. Gilford Plnchot, who has succeeded Prof, l-'er- now as forester lu the Department of Agriculture, Is a graduate of Yale, and many oilier graduates of that and other universities are enthusiastically pressing into the openings afforded by the awakening of the nation to the Importance of forestry. i Tie obvious purpose of the Episcopal Ohurch ID fb discourage divorce In the • Tiope that greater discretion will be «hown In choosing hiisbftiida and wives And In the belief that married people wJU be the more faithful to their marriage vows If the remedy of divorce Is eurrouudod by severe restrictions and the opportunity to remarry Is stringently limited. RIght-intndcd people will 1 ngree that these are worthy objects, while the subject plainly presents many ••erlouB difficulties In the way of a practical settlement. The sentiment In fa- ^ror of the adoption of vigorous provls- Jons on this subject IB steadily growing In the church, and it Is to be hoped that tfaja growth Is Indicative of a similarly Increasing sentiment outside of the de- 4uuolnatlonal Hues, PROPOSED POST CHEQUE. iy Jio Issued l>.v Kvcr.r Pgatoflicc In ttic Country. A system of transferring money by mail which will be cheap ami easy and within tlio reach of everybody, and nt the same time afford the Government a large revenue, has been under consideration by the postofllce and treasury departments, nnd may become operative. It consists in the Issuance of post checks. These checks It Is proposed Vo have of various denominations running from live cents to $Ci. They will lie something like the old fractional cur- , Hypnotism Is still the subject of sel- entldc experiment In France, especially J» the Salpetrlero and Nancy schools. •JDr, Ileuo Potolet lu a recent Interview liolda that It Is Impossible to hypnotize an unwilling subject, and that women , are much more easily Influenced by , hypnotic suggestlou that men because -m majority of them suffer either from Systerla or neurasthenia, while among men three In ten are hysterical. Dr. Potelet's experiments are Interesting OS a study In what may be called the •morals of hypnotism. Among other /facts he has demonstrated that as a tnle apartlent after having been hypno- deed once or twice has a great liking tor the ixifson who thus Influences her •od will readily do his bidding unless Jie suggests something to which her In- •Unctft or education objects. He also thinks that-In case the patient has a dislike to a person that dislike may ho Cultivated by the experimenter until •he Is willing, for Instance, to write a Will or even to commit murder at his dictation. In this opinion Dr. Korner 4Utto coincides. In view of these declarations and the possibilities they Ci>«n up the subject of hypnotism will probaWj hoou demand Hie attention of ^law-makers, especially in France. The oQleers of foreign missionary so- CletleH look for new opportunities of religious work as one result of the recent war. Through lack of mutual understanding, It has sometimes happened that one missionary organisation bus a Held already occupied by an- Such a proceeding Involves a TV»ite of energy, ami sometimes leads 10 unpleasant dlffercm-en. To avoid anything of this kind, a conference WUH ' r#oeut|y held of the sccri'tarles of for- *)f» missionary societies of 1'rotcstiint L,^ia,Olulitut|oiu to consider tl>u wisest of work In Cuba, 1'orto AOd the Philippine and Caroline ' -TJio purj)O8B of the coijfcrencc I enable each ttocluty to uvsuniu re- illy for t'iirtalu pjirta of the ter- ajud to .arrange fur u certain ) Of co-operation. For lustauce, ilttd that there shnll Ui a kind information, to study Uio l e»l»t and to commu- *.Wol8ty tUo fuctn which it ' rpotl efltjctlvo It was found ready to I'HOI'OSKO J'OST CIIKQ.1JH. rency of war times. In fact these checks would be nothing more nor less than fractional currency In general circulation as long as the spaces on the face were left blank. When a man wants lo pay a hill In another part of tin? country hu atllxcs a two-cent stamp lo the lower right-hand corner of the poet Dole, and then writes on the face of the note the name of the payee and his city and State. IIlo own name Is so written as to cancel the stamp. Then he puts the post note hi a letter and sends It away. This cheek enn then be cashed only by the person who Is named on its surface as payee or by his order. tVhen the payee gets the post check he can get the money on It at the nearest postolllee. The two-cent stamp which every post note would have to bear would cause a large revenue to accrue to the Government, If the plan worked as well as Its advocates think It will. The proposed system, It Is thought, would be of great benefit to merchants who have a large out-of-town trade. The bill providing for thu scheme will probably come, before Congress at Its next session. Papered with 1'nntaK" Htumps. There have been numerous rooms papered with stamps, but that of J. W. Palmer, a well-known London stamp dealer and forgery flghier, Is the most remarkable. The room Is now called a "museum," and the "stumpH" on the \vull are all forgeries and reprints, to the number of seventy thousand, which, if genuine, would be worth om; million pounds. Another odd collection Is that of n lady living lu New York, The slumps cover every portion of a bedroom set, consisting of bedstead, dresser, commode nnd chairs. They are secured lo the set with the aid of glue, ami then covered with heavy spar varnish, Thc.\ can bo washed, In their present condition, without Injury. The beginning of this strange collection dates back many years. The llrst chair of the set that was decorated was owned by a colored family In Virginia In the middle of the last century, Gradually the chair P.-IHS iHl from hum! to hand until it came, liiiti ilie possession of Its present owner. There are nearly two millions of stump* In the collection, which constantly Increases lu value, as Its possessor Is continually adding to the pieces of her uulijuu set. A latu and most lovablu Edinburgh 1). 1). was In his study one evening when his wife rather excitedly called him by mime from the foot of the stair. Hu put his head (juicily over the banister and Inquired what was wrong. His wife called out: "There's a mini lu thu kitchen! There's a man In the kitchen!" Tho divine answered calmly: "Well, well, Murg'rut, you won't let thu glrll out; What can you expect?" uud returned to his eeriuon. tion of clcdrldiy whereby, without the Inlerpnsltinn nf any artificial medium of communication, one man can control and direct, with absnlule < xaetltudc, the movements nf any type of vessel, balloon or land vehicle, at any distance Hint may be desired. From a station nn shore, nr from the deck nf a vessel under way. a torpedo boat cqulppei with .Mr. Tesla's controlling dcvlci may be propelled either nn or below the surface, maneuvered at will In anj direction, and finally brought Into con lad and exploded against the side of a hostile vessel at any point within tin range of Ihe vision of the operator. More than this, assuming that it were possible lo accurately locale the position of Ihe vessel which it Is desired to destroy, the torpedo boat could be directed to II, even if the ship lay In the harbor of .Southampton and the operator were stationed at Sandy Hook. With such niiirveluus possibilities of destruction, II Is hardly to be wondered that Mr. Tcsla llrmly believes that the days of Hie supremacy of sea power are numbered. Hitherto, says Mr. Trsla, the only moans of controlling the movements of a vessel from a distance have been supplied through the means of a flexible conductor such as an electric cable, but this system Is subject to' obvious llml- tatliiTli), such us are Imposed by the length, weight and strength of 'the conductor which can be practically used; by the dlflicnlly of maintaining, with safety, the high speed of the vessel or changing the direction of her movements with rapidity, by the necessity of effecting the control from a point which Is practically fixed, and from many other drawbacks which are Inseparably connected with such a system. The plan which. I have perfected involves HOIK; of these objections, for I am enabled by the use of my invention to employ any means of propulsion, to Impart ty the moving body or vessel the highest possible speed, to control the operation of Us machinery and to direct Its movements from either a fixed point or from a body moving and changing its direction, however rapidly, and to maintain this control over great distances, without any artificial connections between thu vessel iiiiil tlie apparatus governing Us movements, and without such restrictions as these must necessarily Impose. Mr. Tcsla then went on to give a practical example of the workings of the model which the correspondent describes: Klevnled on stocks on a table In the center of Mr. Tcsla's laboratory In New York stood a model of a screw-propelled craft, about four feet long and somewhat disproportionately wide and dec]). The deck was slightly arched and surmounted by three slender standards, the center one being considerably higher than the other two, which car•led small Incandescent bulbs, a third bull) being llxed at tlio buw. The keel consisted nf a massive copper plate, (he propeller and rudder being In the iiHtial position. Mr. Tcsla explained that the boat contained the propelling machinery, consisting of an electric motor actuated by n storage battery In the hold, another motor to actuate the rudder and Ihe . delicate mechanism which performs the function of receiving through the central standard' the electric Impulse sent through tin 1 atmnspher,.' from the distant operating .siatlmi. which set In motion the propelling ami steering motors, and through them light or extinguish the electric bulbs and lire the exploding charge In a chamber In the bow In response In signals Kent by the operator. "Now. watch." said the Inventor; and going In a table on Ihe oilier side of the room, on which lay a little switchboard about live li.'du-H square, he gave Ihe lever a sharp turn. Instantly the little bronze propeller begun to revolve at a furious rjite. "Now I will send Ihe boat In starboard." he .said, and another quick movement of me lever sent Ihe In.hu sharp over, ami another move- men! turned It as rapidly hack again. At another signal the screw stopped ami reversed. Will Aholialt War. "During Hie day," continued Mr. Tcs- la. his hand still on the lever, "we should steer mir C'Utrse by keeping (he two standards In line, but a! night we should depend on the electric lights, which would, nf coiirs", be screened so as not to be visible lo the enemy," And at a signal both Hie liny bulbs were Illuminated. "Now we will assume that the boat has arrived within striking distance nf the vessel In be destroyed, and the bulb In the bow will serve lo show that the cxplnsinn has taken place." As he spoke he touched Ihe lever again and Hu; light Unshed and was extinguished. "Imagine, If you can," said Mr Tesla as he went buck to his desk, "what an (resistible Instrument of destruction we have In a torpedo boat thus controlled, which we can operate tiny or night, oil Ihe surface or below It, and from any distance Hint may lie desired. A ship thus assailed would bnve no possibility of escape. "1 can apply this .system of control to any type of vessel and of any sl/.c. It Is not even necessary to make a close approach to thu vessel to be destroyed. At the distance of 100 fi'ot the explosion of >oo pound!) of dynamite will exert a shuttering cfTci't on a battleship, but there It) no reason why we should not Inad n vessel with "nil or :ioO tons, or even more, nf dynamite, which, exploded even a mile or so away, raise a wave that would nv the biggest ship ever hr.i!!. "Hut I have no desire that my fame should rest on the Invention of a merely destructive device, no matter how terrible. 1 prefer In he remembered as Hit.' Inventor who succeeded In abolishing war. That will be my highest pride. I!nt there are many peaceful uses to which my Invention can be put, conspicuously that of rescuing the shipwrecked. "It will be perfectly feasible to equip our life-saving stations with life cars, or life boats, directed and controlled from the shore, which will approach stranded vessels and bring off the passengers nnd crews without risking the lives of the brave fellows who are now foreed to light their way to the rescue through the raging surf. It may also be used for the propulsion of pilot boats, for carrying letters or provisions or Insrnuieuts to Inaccessible regions, for killing whales and for many other commercial or scientific purposes. 'In the operations of war the radius of control would usually be limited by the range of the vision of the operator, whether afloat or ashore, but otherwise there is no limit to the distance. In order to give a practical Illustration of this It is my Intention to exhibit a model of a torpedo boat at the Taris Exposition and direct all Its movements from my office In New York, precisely as I have shown you the working of the model here, except that In Paris I Intend to exhibit it afloat In a tank." Mr. Tesl.a then stated that the electrical disturbances proceeding from the j center of the control were of an Inflnl- teslmally feeble character, nnd ho believed that the time would come when it would be possible to bring them Into play by the mere exercise of the will. TOi-D BY FINGER NAILS. THE MARCHAND EXPEDITION. in Dinpntc Be- Anciit the Territory i tween France and Kniflnml. The Krillsh ultimatum that the French should get out of the Nile valley and Great. Hrilnin's refusal to recognize the political significance of the Marc-hand expedition brought to an Issue a question of two years' standing. AVheiiGreatBrltnln, acting for Egypt, began the rcconquest of the Soudan In ISOti, France sent an expedition from Tcmpcriticnt nnd Health Shown by the Nuilft' Coloring ami Form. The temperament of a person and the condition of health are shown by the coloring and form of the finger nails. Long, oval nails show n reasonable and entlo disposition; one who would yield u a controversy sooner than arouse enmity, even when Ills or her contention s right. The nulls when very short and broad Indicate an obstinate nature. Little white flecks on the nails indicate a nervous temperament. When the white moons nt the base of the nulls are large and the nails arc of a irlglit pink color, they indicate vigorous Health. On the contrary, nails of a pale Lilulsh color, with little or no moons, show nn unhealthy condition of nerves Hid want of recreation. Nails when MI.K KKUlov. very much curved show a tendency to throat trouble. Nails which are thin and turn out at the cud show weak nerves. Fluted nails show u liability to blood poisoning. There Are No Flics on Him. llenjamln Herdell, a wandering clock repairer, Is death on flies. Three years ago, when at Hahwa.v, N. .].. during a storm he was picking cherries, when the tree was struck by lightning. Herdell received a severe shock. It transformed him into an electric man. Anyone who shakes hands with him now receives a severe Blind;, lly pressing the blades of a knife between his Ihunili and linger during a storm be charges the metal BO strongly that heavy weights can be lifted. When flies alight upon him they drop dead. When he Is In a dark room sparks Hash from Ills flesh and his eyes shine like Incandescent lights. Whenever a storm approaches Kerddl bee.noes highly charged with electricity and It Is dangerous to touch him. lie says thai ho feds no Inconvenience except that he will not go near a moving lo cnmotlvc for fear of being drawn against It and killed.--New York I're.ss. Hot IlHIhu. A lint bath Is usually decried as pro vocative of colds and other evils, livery one knows of cases of severe Illness occurring from exposure to the outer air after such ablutions. Am! yet nuihlng U more refreshing, as nothing IK more harmless, If properly taken. The reason U that one should use the hot bath us one does that of very cold water, merely as a plunge, followed by quick and thorough rubbing and massage. King -"Yes, that's old Kprlgglngs. Half a ihacn doctors have given him up ill varlmis times dui'lug hl» lifn." WlliK~"What was the trouble with him'/" Hiug—"Hu wouldn't pay his bllls."--Hoston Traveler. A girl Is fickle when she Is eighteen, but after »hu U twenty-eight, she ttud« It Is the uieu who urn fickle. French Congo Into the Interior to reach the southern Nile, If possible, before the English nnd claim authority there This was the Mnrclmiid expedition. It consisted of six French officers, a doc tor, another French civilian, an Arab interpreter, and four sergeants, who were to command the two companies of African troops. Thei'o were two gunboats which could be carried by and in sections, and three aluminum boats. On April la, 1S07. the mission left Bangl, and on June 17 the vanguard reached Seinto, on the Mbotnii, which is not far distant from tin; Bahr-El-Gha-/.- cl province of the southwestern Nile tributaries, and of which Fiishod.i Is the capital, lly March, 1808, Marehaud had reached Meshra-El-Kek, on one of the tributaries to the Nile, and last July he reached Fashoda. As Is well known. Gen. Kitchener took Omdiirman on Sept. 2 and Immediately left for Fashoda with a large force on five gunboats. This he took early In September and established garrisons there and on the Sobat Klver. March.iiid had too small a force to repel the Anglo-Egyptians, but he claimed to have made treaties with the chiefs of the Khlllooks, a tribe that rules the Fasiioda district, which recognized the protectorate of France. Gen. Kitchener, however, denies there are any such treaties, and England refused to recognize Miiichand as a po lltlcal factor at Fashoda. England claims for Egypt all the provinces which were formerly held by the Khedive before the Insurrection of the Mahdl. These provinces Included Fash oda and Hie Nile almost to Uganda and the southwestern tributaries of the Nile as well, reaching over toward French Congo. SALISBURY 1 !? BUMPS. KritlHh 1'rcuiler'a Uuulltica OH Indicated by Hid Ilcail. This Is the bend of Lord Salisbury, British premier. Self-esteem, cautiousness. Imagination, perception and rea Tin: si ATKS.MAN S rJIAIIAf'TKIII&TICi. son are btrnngly marked. Hope ami personal ambition are small. Ho lias llrmness anil u wide horizon. His qualities as indicated by lilt, head are, Indeed, the same as displayed In my cu . recr. _______ A parrot owned by an Arch street physician gave signs of possessing "almost uuumn liuclllguueu" the other night. A party of young folks were on the lawn and were spending an hour In gui'ssliiK riddles. Finally, a young lady asked: "Why does a dog turn around twice before he lies dowiiV" Hefe-iu anybody could answer, thu parrot croaked: "One good turn deserves another."--I'hlladelphla Call. Lodging house clerk -lied with bath, 15 cents. Weary Wutkltis—I gucs* I'd rather pay a little moro uu' not take tUu btttU,~ludl«u«rjoll» Journal. All. HIE CREW (IRfiW TAT. the Phenomenon Explained by the Presence ol Much Arsenic on Itonrd. The Gcniriii bulk /ion, which arrived ,-H He- pol" of I'lllhiildphla re- iciidy from t-'owcy. England, brought a rather peculiar cargo. 11 consisted of 1,800 casks of china day, but in addition there were nil board ,'!OU casks of arsenic. This part of the cargo had a remarkable effect en the crew. The fact; that arsenic as well as strychnine helps the formation of adipose tissue when taken Into the human system In minute particles is well known, and both drugs have become, favorite! tollies for convalescents. On board the /-ion Ihe men slept very near the large array of barrels containing Hie drug. They were Htored In the hold, near the foreeawlle, nnd partially exposed to the rays of the sun, which streamed in through 111 1 .' open hatch. When only a week out from port one of the crew mentioned to Ills messmates that a peculiar and Indescribable odor was coming from the casks containing the drug. It was lint long after their alteutlon had been called to it that, they all noticed tlio same thing, and. .strange to say, noticed It all the mnre forcibly a week later. Several nf the German furs became aware of Ihe fad that they were filling out llieir clothes lo n lunch greater extent than when they shipped. Many others, as days went by, became abnormally slout. In vast contrast to the former slim appearance which many nf them preseiued before the land was left. One man gained, it is said, twenty-live pounds. Others were affected lo a les.s extenr. But the aggregate weight put on by the entire crew was Hide less than '100 pounds. Several of the sailors are known In Philadelphia and I hey are said to bo scarcely recognizable when contrasted with the old days. The entire sudden taking on of avoirdupois Is attributed to vapor, which, generated by the ac- ticn of the sun on the casks, was i'n- lialed by the seamen ns they slept, and acted In precisely-the same manner which It does when given ns a tonic In a prescription. Captain llammes, who .slept nl't In the vessel, entirely removed from tlio arsenic, does not show any effect of the Inhalation. MORE ISOLATED THAN CHINA. A Saving Soldier. 'There ir, n general Idea," said a New Orleans insurance agent, "that the pay of a private in the regular army Is entirely too small to permit him saving any money, but a case came under my observation recently that seius to prove quite Hie contrary. As usual, it; all depends on the man. The one 1 have in mind Is a sergeant who was sta.tioned for some years at n southern post. lie was In New Orleans during the recent -war, and I was asked to attend to some formalities connected with a travel permit on an Insurance policy he carried. It was for $10,000 and had been in force since 1894. I was surprised at n uon-com- mlssloned regular having n policy of that size, and took special pains to draw the man out In conversation, lie told me that he wasn't even a sergeant when he took the Insurance, but a plain every day private, and thai every dollar he possessed had been made from the. capital of his wages. lie had dabbled a little in money lending at the outset, but, although the profits were enormous, he found the business was making him unpopular among the men, and ho then bought an iii'tcrost in a small cnnd.y store near the port. That prospered, and ho made other Investments, all of which have turned out so well that ho Is worth to-day between $10.000 and $10.0(10. He is married, and a good deal of prosperity Is, no doubt, due to his wife, who is said to be a very shrewd woman, nnd who looks after the business end of the partnership. 1 subsequently heard the story veritied from another source, and know It to be strictly true. It shows what a steady, pushing fellow can do—even In the ranks."—New Orleans Tlmes- Democi'at. Terrible Kipt-rleiicc of nn innn Who Ventured Into Thibet. The Chinese empire has lon<j been considered the most exclusive territory on (lie face of Ihe oarth. but It has no mean rival for (lie distinction In It? near neighbor. Thibet, The fanaticism of the natives and the will and dlfllciilt nature of the country have served to keep It Isolated from the out side world longer and more completely than any other region. From the 14tl century onward explorers have ontcreO flic country nnd a few have oven pene (ruled as far us Lhasa, but, since two French missionaries got there In 1845 foreign feet have not desecrated the soil of the capital of Thibet. Tho rea son will not be very hard to umlcrstant' when the experience of one who recently ventured near that section Is related. Henry Savage Lnndor is a Ihorougl Englishman and has all the British lovo of adventure. It was this love Unit led him to make a journey to Ihe "forbidden land." Mr. Liiudor made his first attempt to explore Thibet In May, 180(1. but flic Thibetan authorities prevented him from entering the country by the Llppu Lck Pass—the easiest route—and It. was only In Hie middle of July that he entered by the Lumpla Pass, but was again turned back. lie ultimately succeeded In gelling across the mountains to Mnnsiirowar. Soon after that his followers, originally Ihlrly In number, were reduced to two, the rest having gradually come to the conclusion that the air of Thibet was not healthy for foreigners. Left with only two attendants, Mr. Landor was at the mercy of the natives. lie was engaged In buying a horse at a place called Tucker when he and his servants, Chandcu Sing and Man Sing, were attacked by an overwhelming force of Thibetans, thrown down, beaten, kicked and finally led off, tightly bound, as prisoners Into the presence of the "Pombo," or governor of the province. At first Mr. Landor himself was not tortured, Hie "Pombo" only trying to intimidate him by the cruel scourging of the unfortunate I'handeu Sing. Then, on pretense of conducting him to the frontier, the Thl- belans put Mr. Landor on a pony and took him across country lu a spiked sad- A VICTIM OF FANATICISM. Henry Savage Lundor, before nnrt after bis flt« tempt to explore Thibet. An Anecdote of Admiral Dewey. One afternoon Mr. Dewey came down to my table on the gun deck. With an easy air he sat down on a camp stool and said quietly: "So you are the ship's writer?" "Yes, Mr. Dewey." "And these, I presume, arc the ship's books." "Yes, sir." ''This Is your liberty book.. Let me see." And Mr. 'Dewey turned over leaf after leaf, glancing down the list with a grim smile. "Air. Klmberly tells me that you are a conscientious bookkeeper," he said, after a pause. 'The men think that I am too much so, sir." Dewey regarded mo with a scarc.h- Ing look. "Why, what do they say','" he asked. Boyllke, liupt'ituouxly anxious to learn what manner of man 1 bad to deal with, 1 blurted out: "They say they want les.s book and more executive otllcer." Mr. Dewey's face darkened nnd his square set jaw closed hard. "If they mean by that thai they expect me to sail ship on sweet words and fair promises in spite of past experiences, they will be badly out of reckoning," he said slowly.—Harper's Hound Table. Ill-Temper Unnecessary. It is recorded of President Lincoln that he once gave a piece of advice lo Secretary Sliinton which that cllldal was very fond of "passing nn" to ithers afterward. .Mr. Staiitnn was gniltly vexed because nn army olll- •er had refused In understand an or- ler, or, at all events had not obeyed. '1 believe I'll sit down," said Slanlnn, 'and give that uum a piece nf my mind." "Do so," said Mr. Lincoln, 'write It now while you have it on your mind. .Make It sharp; cut him ill up." Slanton did not need another nvilallnn. It was a bmiccrushrr that ic rend to the ['resident. "Thill's •Ight," said Abe. "Hint's a good one." 'Whom can 1 gd lo send It by?" niiseil (he Secretary. ".Send It!' 1 re- illed Lincoln, "send it!" XVhy, don't send It ut all. Tinr It up. Yon have rccd your mind on .the subject, and hat Is all that Is necessary. Teal' It ip. You never want '<• wend such etters; I never do!" The Icuson was lot lost upon the Secretary. Rljlit Side Up. It is said that a Fivndi painter once lulled tlii' salon In rurls In company vllh a friend who was a member of he committee of selection, who hud icon Instrumental In securing (ho itc- cptunce of the painter's work, When he artist cumu near kls picture he ex"lalmod: "Good grucluu! You're ox- itblUng my picture t'hu wrong side ip!" "HuBh!" wu« Mm reply; "the cmimlttcit refused U the other way." die, the most terrible torture of the many which they Inflicted upon him. The spiked saddle, it would seem, Is one of the most devilish contrivances ever devised by man. The terrible torture which it cause<l Is best told In Mr. Lander's own words. "It was," he said, "In reality the wooden frame of a very high-backed saddle, from the back of which some 'live or six sharp iron spikes stuck out horizontally. As I sat on this instrument of torture the spikes caught me In the small of the back. My guard having been augmented by twenty or thirty mounted meu, with muskets am' swords, we set off at a furious pace The horseman riding In front of me let my pony by means of a cord, as my hands were manacled behind my back and thus we traveled across country for miles. In order to accelerate our speex a horseman rode by my side, lashing my pony to make it go Its hardest Meanwhile the horseman who held the cord did his utmost to pull me out of the saddle, no doubt lu the hope of seeing me trampled to death by the cohort behind me. As I leaned my body forward so as to maintain my scat, and with my arms pulled violently backward, by tho rope, the flesh was rubbed off my hands and knuckles by the chain of the handcuffs. In places the hone was exposed, and every tug brought me Into forcible contact with the spikes and Inflicted deeper wounds. The cord, though strong, eventually and unexpectedly gave way. The soldier who was pulling at the other end was unhorsed, nnd was myself all but thrown by the unexpected jerk. "I was then hustled to the execution ground. On the ground was a long log of wood shaped like a prism. Upon tho sharp edge of this I was made to sit, and several men held me by the body while four or five others, using their combined strength, stretched tny limbs as far apart as they could pull them. Then the Pombo approached and for four or five minutes held a red-hot Iron within nn Inch of my face," Then followed, other tortures until, the executioners becoming Impatient, tho last grand act was arranged for. The culmination was to hare been be- headment, but a curious circumstance caused this most unpleasant ceremony to bo dispensed with. After Mr. Lnn- dor and Man Sing had been placed, on a rack with their feet tied to a log and their bauds to a post high In the air, and allowed to-remain there, for twenty- four hours, It won discovered In exiimln- Ing Mr. Landor's hands that the web between the lingers was quite high. Those who possess such lingers Imvo, according to the Thibetans, a charmed life, and-no-harm can lie done to them. They were accordingly taken to the frontier and allowed" to return to civilization. Mr. Landor's experiences will put an effectual damper on any further explor- nttonti Into tho Interior of Thibet and the region will be left to the care of the fa mi I lea I natives until some one discovers a gold mine there or the powers decide lo parcel It out among them. Curl) mid KiiBllle Combined. A Canadian has designed a single rein for use on bridles which 1ms all advantage* both of die curl) and snaflle reins. The single straps are attached to the hit by springs, with chains running to the ends of tho curbs, which will not operate until the pull on the springs hec'imes strong enough to stretch them, Tho springs are stiff enough to withstand any ordinary pull, preventing the tiso of the curb until It becomes absolutely necessary. A little girl petitioned the Lord for fair weather, and the next morning the HUH shone bright and clear. Who told of her prayer to her grandmother, who said; "Well, now, why can't you pray to-night that It may hu warmer tomorrow so grandma's rheumatism will ho better'/" "All right, I will," wt»« tho response, and that night as she knelt she Incorporated this request In her little prayer: "O, God, muku It hot for grandma." Preoccupied—Aren't you afro Id your huibuud will bo jealous If I talk to you •o long?" Mr*. Turrlugtou—No. Pour old Jack! He never tulok* of ta« wue» fetfba* on Good lulluenccs.-Good suggestions and Influences do not drive or force us: tin.7 only lead.—11 r. Pratt, Swedenbor- glati, San Francisco, Cnl. Man.—Man has power over the laws of the universe, nnd can and does oftentimes bend thorn to his will,—llcv, U. F, Coyle, Presbyterian, Detroit, Mich. God's Work.—lu tho great church of God there Is somewhere u work fot- rvery honest mnn.--I!ov, Wm. ,1. Long. Coiigrcgiillonalist, North Cambridge, Mass. Host.—The rest. C!od speaks of \a not die alternative of something else, but tin; quality which marks the highest attainment of die human soul,r-Dr. Htorrs, Cougrcgatlonallst, Brooklyn, N. Y. Fatherhood of God.— Some people say that Ihe fatherhood of God Is nil the theology they want. With one exception, I Jim Inclined to accept that view. —Dr. Abbott, C'ongregallonallst, Hrook- lyn, X. Y, God's QneslIon.—When God asks u question he pronounces n judgment. Hiss question searches us through nmt through. Ills question carries its own answer.—Ilcv. 1). Gregg, Congrcgallon- ullsl, lirooklyn, N. Y. A New Epoch.—There Is a class of ople who have outgrown the church and who find (he satisfaction that they require In literature, science and tunny oilier new theories of life.-—Rev. Tims. Vim Ness, Unitarian, Boston, Mass. The Idea of God.—The Idea of God uolds a very large place in human life. It matters not how we got this Idea. We have it and live-in it. The idea emerges whenever we gel at the conception of truth.—Dr. Patton, Method- st, Princeton, N. J. The Great Truth.—Among certain ele- :uents of'faith which are fundamental we must emphasize the great truth that nan is a spirit, the conviction that man s free and the fact of grace.—Rev. .1. N. Beard, Methodist, San Francisco, Ciil. Honor nnd Happiness.—Honor ami mpplness arc not dealt out in due pro- mrtlon to men's Just deserts. Many vho are good and kind suffer the loss or 'ortuue. reputation and everything: that unices life worth living.—Uev. Dr. Mc- Slvoen, Congregatlonallst, Brooklyn, Vow York. The Happiest People.—It needs some me very often to show us how fortu- iate we are. The happiest people In tho vorld are by no moaus those who have he most lo be happy with, but those vho are most aware of what they have, nd who make the most of It.—Hev. W. I. I/yon, Congregatlouallst, Brookllue, Mass. The Invisible God.—As we are taught u the peaceful hours of childhood, so ve are taught in the year's of manhood. God is everywhere, yet God Is invisible; and the augels of God, his ministering spirits, his viceroys, they, too, are spirits.—Rev. J. .7. Prendergast, Roman Catholic, San Francisco, Cal. America's Duty.—America owes n duty to Spain. She will utterly perish unless she learns self-reliance, and she will never learn this until her colonies are taken from her. For this reason the Uulted States should entirely separate the mother country from her colonies for die advantage of both.—Rev. C. C. Earle, Baptist, Boston, Mass. Our Flag.—Our flag is a symbol of light, the banner of dawn.' The poor slave, the downtrodden creatures of 11 foreign despotism, the starving victims of n barbarous oppression, lind light and freedom beneath It. In all these years it never lost a star. God bless tho soldier who goes with It.—Rev. W. 11. Morelaud, Episcopalian, Sun Francisco, Cal. Repentance.—If there Is to, be a genuine repentance, there must be somebody to repent 10, as well as something to repent from, lu John the Huptlst's preaching the emphasis laid on the lielu- onsness of sin was-strong, but the emphasis on the loveliness of Christ was- stronger. His denunciation of sin wa» terrible, but his »deration of .lesus- . knew no bounds.—Rev. J. A. Francis, Baptist, New York City. RITCHIE VEIN OF CO AL- It ICxtends Btrnlfcht Downward, No One Known How Deep, Ritchie Mines Is a comparatively uu- known and rarely visited locality eighteen miles back of Cairo, W. Va. Years ago a vein of coal was discovered in u hillside overlooking a creek, or •'run," as the natives call It, and later another vein was discovered In the opposite hillside. The coal was found to ho 00 per cent, petroleum oil. Baltimore capita- niTCIIIB CO A I. VKIX. lists learned of this and scut brick from Maryland, and lOnstern machinery, and] milt a large plant for the extraction of thu oil from tho coal. Then thu greatest wonder of all ap-. icarcd. Tho vein was found to extern! straight. downward, nobody knew how far, between two parallel rock faces, mil from the surface of the rock facus, ivhlch were perfect couuU'rparls one of mother, and only about four feet apart. 1'he mystery, for scientists as well «» 'or others. In what split thu rock hills u that manner. Across the creek front hu main mine Is a similar crevice ll> he rock, ttUinl with like coal and oil. Bliice thu discovery of the largo pe- roleum Holds lu Houthcaslcrn Ohio and he consequent cheapened production of oil, the rellncry has been abandoned. medical authority lu Berlin de- that not one of Germany'* pro- bicyclist* has a sound heart. Bhu~"My tfcuudfuthur was couslu to he Kav) of B,ully«hanty, twlcu roiunv- 4," Ho—"Twlce removed, eh V What or? Didn't Uu pay hi a ruutV"— liar- Half the men carry tuv watches they ;»v(f» their wives lief ore marriage. Every girl at iqwe tlui«""t« u«r lit* c«ll» bet »

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