Extracted Article Text (OCR)
"1 I THE DECATUR DAILY REVIEW 0l. 66 NO. 32. DECATUR, ILLINOIS, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1943. 12 PAGES PRICE THREE CENTS.
Soviets Shell Nazi Forces in Rostov Proposed Act Would Draft For War Jobs Washington (AP) Shoe Rationing, Three Pairs A Year, Starts Tomorrow On Sugar Coupons; No Sales Today Shift of Ciano Seen As Move To Seek Peace By FRANK BRTJTTO Of The Associated Press Bern. Switzerland (AP) Premier Mussolini's appointment of his son-in-law. Count Galeazzo Ciano, as ambassador to the Vatican was interpreted by some neutral newspapers and observers today as motivated by a desire to establish channels for peace ef t. A National War Service act. ranting President Roosevelt BOOM BEFORE RATIONING STARTS The Germans were reported rushing thousands cf reserves into the breaches in their lines in an effort to stem the Soviet flood, but dispatches indicated the giant Russian offensive was crunching forward with unprecedented speed for a winter campaign.
Fourth Time for Rostov The Russians were turning their guns cn Rostov for the second time since the Germans first captured the city on Nov. 22, 1941, at the peak of their invasion thrust. The Germans held the city only a week on that occasion. The Russians withdrew across the Don, regrouped and reinforced their armies and stormed back into the city Nov. 29.
The Germans withdrew along the north shore of the Sea of Azov, but returned with overwhelming power in the 1942 summer offensive and recaptured Rostov July 28. May Circle Rostov The speed of the Russian offensive presented the possibility that General Vatutin's army might attempt to smash southward from the Kramatorskaya region to the Sea of Azov and trap thousands of Nazi troops behind Rostov. The German forces still remaining in the Caucasus were In great peril. The Red army already has pocketed one group between Azov and Yeisk and the only salvation for the large forces in the Krasnodar and Novorossisk aneas is evacuation by sea across the Kerch straits. sweeping power to utilize the nation's manpower and womanpower in any job deemed necessary to wac inlrnrfi ret in acme's w-.
Consress today by two Republi-j cans. I The measure, which would make' miilicns of Americans eligible for a call t0 duty on assembly lines! of tanks and planes and the io sow and reap the country's croDs. was submitted by Rep. James W. Wadsworth and Senator Warren R.
Austin (R-VO The purpose as set forth in the jneasure's preamble is "to provide further for the comprehensive, orderly and effective mobilization of the manpower the womanpower in support of the war 0 effort." Behind its introduction stood jr.o'jnting complaints from agricul-j ture areas that farm labor is flocking to better-paid jobs in war industry, from war industries that the demand for skilled labor is resulting in "pirating" and inflation-producing bids for able workers. Covers Registrants The National War Service act would affect every person now reg-1 istered under the Selective Service act. except those serving in the armed forces, including the Waacs. Waves and Spars, and would require registration of all women between the ages of 18 and 50. Exempted, however.
wo'-ld be women with children under 13 and expectant mothers, but even these would be subject to service under the act nnce the condition ill SUNDAY SHOE Footwear customers jammed this shoe store on 'New York's lower East Side yesterday after i 1 tmhimt mm mm mil mriiiuM mOiln i A CSV 1 ru 1 ft "ceases to exist." the official announcement that shops, the shoe stores close on no shoes were to be sold until Saturdays and are open until 5 Tuesday. Like many East Side p. m. on Sundays. (ASSOCIATED PRESS WIREPHOTO) Sunday Stores Swamped Until Police Arrive Washington (AP) It's illegal to sell shoes today, and tomorrow rationing starts at the rate of three pairs a year for each person.
Without advance warning, shoe rationing was ordered from the White House by Economic Stabilization Director James F. Byrnes Sunday afternoon. Almost immediately crowds stormed shoe counters in stores operating on Sundays in many cities. Crowded stores in New Orleans and Detroit were raided by police after the order was issued. Only house slippers, infants' soft soled shoes, and storm-type rub-berwear were exempted from the rationing program.
Policemen walking beats and other special cases will receive extra rations. Family Can Share Coupons As for children who sometimes run through shoes at a dizzy pace. Byrnes said if daddy or mother have some unused shoe coupons they can use them for the kids. Also, there will be no limit on repairing or resoling shoes. Manufacture of women's evening slippers, spiked shoes, men's patent leather shoes and other "less essential" shoes is forbidden.
The shoe problem resulted from a limited supply of leather, much of which must come over submarine-infested routes from foreign countries. A lot of leather is homegrown, but the armed forces are taking about a third of all sole-leather. Harold W. Volk of Dallas. Texas, president of the National Shoe Retailers association, described the rationing order as "one of the fair- est that could have been prepared to meet the circumstances." Sugar No.
17 Till June 15 Prentiss M. Brown, OPA administrator, said the rules will be as liberal as the ration. The coupons will be taken from the sugar-coffee ration books already in everybody's hands. No. 17 stamp will be good for one pair of shoes until June 15.
If you buy a pair of shoes and don't like them, you can not only return the shoes to the merchant if it's his usual business practise to take them back but also get your coupon back. Stores, for the present, will just hold the coupons until officials set up a system of transferring them to wholesalers or manufacturers in exchange for more shoes. Meanwhile, stores may order in their usual manner. Stores may stock and sell any types of shoes they desire. The limitations on "less essential" types will apply only to future manufacturing.
Fancy Models to Vanish Byrnes also announced that manufacturers will be required to con Sunday Shoe Stores 'Raided' Flood of Ration Dodgers Followed by Police Under its terms, the President would be authorized, whenever he determined "that additional workers are needed in any war industry, in agriculture, or in other-occupations, activities or employments, essential to the effective prosecution of the war," to issue a call for volunteers. Offers Job Protection If sufficient volunteers to meet the need failed to respond, the chief executive then would be empowered to direct the selective service boards to supply them "from those who are liable under terms of the act." Unlike the men called to duty in the armed forces, these selected under the national service act would! "receive the compensation and working hours applicable to the i 4 kind of work which he or she is required to perform in the place of employment which he or she is assigned." The act offered statutory protection of seniority rights, and entitled persons called to service under its provision to return to their present position in pirvate or public employment, provided that the em-clover's circumstances have not Foe Suffers New Losses in Caucasus and in South Russia Moscow (AP) The Red army sent shells screaming across the Don river into German positions in Rostov today as the fourth battle for this important city opened while masses of Russian troops battered their way toward the main German defenses in southern Russia on a 500-mile front. Russian forces seized the town of Azov, 15 miles southwest of Rostov, yesterday, freeing the left bank of the Don of the last center of German resistance and making a large-scale assault on. Rostov possible, a special communique announced. Orel, Kursk, Kharkov Goals To the north.
Russian troops continued to clear great areas of Rus sian soil of the invader and threaten the great German bastions of Orel. Kursk and Kharkov. The railroad between Rostov and Kharkov was cut with the capture of Kramatorskaya and the line between Belgorod and Kursk w-as snapped with the capture of Gost-eschevo. the Russians announced. Savitsi.
another railway center en a smaller line betwe'en Kharkov and Slavyansk. was also seized as the army of Col. Gen. Kicolai F. Vatutin surged forward in a move apparently designed to isolate both Rostov and Kharkov.
Guadalcanal Japs Flanked By U.S. Army By The Associated Press A flanking move apparently carried out by a 40 to 50-mile overland thrust has put United States troops into a strong striking position on the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, just five miles from the enemy's headquarters ion Cape Esperance. The new move, closing in around the Japanese position on the cape, was announced yesterday in a Navy communique which threw no further light on the wide-scale sea and air battles reported shaping up last week in the Solomons area. Wau Gains Consolidated Meanwhile, General Douglas MacArthur's Australian and American forces pressed home their air-won advantage in the Wau area of New Guinea as they moved swiftly into positions menacing Sal- amaua. the next of the invaders bases.
35 miles up the northeast coast of the big island north of Australia. The Allied positions there were safeguarded by strong aerial cover which won one of the clearest cut victories of the war in the air from the Japanese Saturday. Of some 70 planes which the Japanese hurled into the attack at that time. 41 were destroyed or damaged badly by American fighter planes which came off without a loss. Following up their advantage.
Allied airmen bombed and strafed enemy positions in Dutch New Guinea, the Celebes and Cape Gloucester. Active in Burma On the Burma front, too. American-made warplanes dealt heavy blows to the enemy. Four-motored Liberator bombers manned by the R. A.
F. dropped nearly 30 tons of explosives on Rangoon last night, leaving the target area in flames. A United States communique at Chungking announced further at tacks by American fighter planes against Japanese columns and troop barracks in Eastern Burma and along the Burma-Yunnan bor der. The Chinese high command said the Japs had brought up reinforce ments for renewal of their attacks along the Yunnan frontier. Pair Freed In Caproni Death Cincinnati (AP) Two women charged by police with the "triangle" slaying cf Victor Caproni as he lay in a hospital bed were released from jail today after the Hamilton county gnkid jury failed to mention them in a report to Common Pleas Judge Chase Davies.
Prosecutor Carson Hoy said the charge against Mrs. Eleanor Ca proni. wife cf the 29-year-old slam warplant guard, and Mrs. Pearl Leonard, who lived with the Ca-pronis. technically could be brought up later.
Caoroni was slain Jan. 25 Good Samaritan hospital a day after he was wounded during a quarrel in his home. The press in neutral European countries showed much more inters est in assignment to Vati can city than in the previous shake-up of Mussolini's cabinet, in which Ciano lost his post of foreign min ister. Chance For Contacts It was pointed out that in Vatican City he might have a chance to establish contacts with envoys of the United Nations. (In the light of the "unconditional surrender" declaration of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill at Casablanca there was doubt as to whether these envoys would permit any approaches by the Italian).
The Tribune de Lausanne declared the Ciano appointment "could give an entirely different meaning than that first imagined to the ministerial changes." Reaching Decisive Turn Ciano came to the Vatican post, the Tribune said, "at a moment when the war is reaching a decisive turn, the armies are feeling painfully the wear "of 3 years of battles and the peoples are aspir ing ardently for peace." Feelers for peace presuppose "points of contact and negotiations discreetly pursued by authorized representatives of the belligerents" the Tribune suggested, and added that Vatican city was a suitable neutral spot "where personalities of all countries of the world are living and delegates and chiefs of state pay frequent visits." Other neutral observers recalled that Pope Pius XII had spoken and worked for peace ever since his elevation to the papacy in March 1939. Rome Slow to Explain Shakeup in Cabinet By The Associated Press After six years in the limelight as Italian foreign minister, Premier Benito Mussolini's son-in-law; Count Galeazzo Ciano, was rele gated today to the comparatively obscure post of ambassador to the Vatican. The appointment was announced last night in Axis broadcasts less than 48 hours after Ciano had been ousted from the foreign ministry in a sweeping cabinet shake-up. Italian propagandists belatedly set about trying to explain the shakeup yesterday -by characterizing it as merely a quest for new blood and declared it was devoid of any real significance. The Italian Stefani news agency said the upheaval was caused by Mussolini's determination to "prevent ossification" of his administration.
Dutch Nazi Leader Shot London (AP) Lieut. Gen. Hendrik Alexander Seyffardt, 70. commander of the Dutch Nazi legion, was fatally wounded by revolver bullets in front of his home late Friday, Aneta said today, quoting a broadcast by the German-controlled Netherlands radio. The broadcast said Seyffardt died Saturday.
It did not specify where he lived, but Netherlanders in London said his last known residence was in The Hague. The first report gave no' indication of the identity of the assassin, Aneta reported. The Netherlands news agency said that General Seyffardt was appointed only last week to the personal cabinet of Anton A. Mus-sert. chief of the Dutch Nazi party and Hitler-named "Fuehrer" of the Netherlands people, and assigned to mobilize armed forces to join Axis armies on the Soviet front.
Fires' Composer Dies in London Home London (AP) Madame Clara Novello Davies. 81, teacher mother of the actor-producer Ivor Novello and author of "Keep the Home Fires Burning," died in her sleep yesterday at her Park Lane home. A native of Cardiff, she was the founder of the Royal Welsh Ladies choir which won highest honors at the Chicago World's fair of 1893. Banker, Moving Picture Industry 'Angel', Dies Los Angeles (AP) Death has taken Dr. A.
H. Gian-nini, 69. known as the "angel" of the motion picture industry to the extent of millions in loans. Dr. Giannini, who with his brother, A.
P. Giannini, developed the great Bank of America National Trust Savings association, suffered a fatal heart attack yesterday. changed to make such restoration Thirsty Soldier Pays Unwitting Compliment To Sheriff in Kansas Hutchinson, Kan. (AP) "Mister, can you help us find some liquor in this town?" inquired a soldier. "We can't find anything to drink." The man said that was too bad but he couldn't quite hide his proud grin.
He was Sheriff W. O. Staple-' ton, who helps enforce the state's prohibition law. Hoover Wants Array to Meet Labor Scarcity Washington (AP) Herbert Hoover declared today "the size of the army must be modified at least for the immediate period of 1943." and the armed forces should supply some of one million additional workers he said the nation needed in farming and metal and oil industries. Hoover envisaged at least three more years of war but observed: "Time runs in our favor.
We do not therefore need try to do everything all at once. The knockout blow to Germany can be delivered more certainly in 1944 than in 1943." Remarking that the armed forces intend to have more than II million members by the end of 1943. the former President told a press conference: "If we attempt too much on the military side, we may comrl the fatal errcr of overstrain on the home front, and thus damage our effectiveness in ultimate victory. "There is a limit to our capacities and resources, great as they are. And in our planning we must at least prepare for a long war.
"Including the defeat of Japan, we must envisage at least three more years of war and a prudent nation would possibly envisage five years." The food administrator of the last war declared he believed sufficient additional labor to take cafe of our expanded production program could be obtained by employment of trained women, importation cf workers from Mexico and the furloughing of enough men from the military services to make up the needed million. Hoover conferred for nearly two hours behind closed doors with Senate appropriations sub-com-mitteee investigating manpower facilities. Frank Lyon Polk, 71, Aids to Wilson, Dies New York (AP) Frank Lyon Polk, 71, acting Secretary of State during the Wilson administration, died yesterday. Undersecretary of State from 1915 to 1920. Polk headed the Amer ican delegation to the Paris peace conference after the last war when President Wilson and Secretary of State Robert Lansing returned home.
He was a greatnephew of James K. Polk, President of the United States. Giraud's Wife Reported Arrested by Germans New York (AP) The British radio, in a broadcast recorded today by CBS. reported that the wife of General Henri Hon- ore Giraud. high commissioner for French North and West Africa was arrested recently in France Dy the Germans.
Ration Dates By The Associated Press Shoes Rationing begins Tuesday. Feb. 9, with each person entitled to three pairs a year. No. 17 stamp in war ration book No.
1 is good for one-pair until June 15. "Families may pool the coupons of all members of the family. Processed Foods Rationing of canned and frozen fruits and vegetables, dried fruit. canned scups, canned baby foods begins March 1. Retail sale stops at midnight eb.
20. Registration for ration book No. 2 starts Feb. 22. Sugar Stamp No.
11 is good for three pounds until March 15. Coffee Stamp No. 25 is good for one pound through March 21. Gasoline No. 4 coupons in books are good through March 21.
and coupons are worth three gallons in the East, four elsewhere. Feb. 28 is last day for and motorists to have tires inspect ed, March 31 for book holders. Failure to meet these deadlines makes a motorist ineligible for gasoline or tires. Fuel Oil Period 3 coupons are valid until Feb.
22 in Zone A. Feb. 20 in Zone Feb. 16 in Zone and Feb. 19 in Zone D.
Worth 11 (residential) and 110 gallons (apartments, hotels. etc.) in 13 midwestern 9 and 90 gallons in the East. Period 4 coupons are valid to April 17 in Zone April 12 in Zone April 6 in Zones and D. Worth 8 and 80 gallons in New York (except Adironack region) New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island; 9 and 90 gallons in rest of East: 10 and 100 in Kentucky and Southern parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and Kansas; 11 and 110 in rest cf Midwest. Other Meat rationing is scheduled approximately April 1.
Rationing of butter and other edible oils and canned milk is expected later. Mild Decatur and vicinity Continued mild tonight and Tuesday forenoon. DECATUR WEATHER Compiled by The Review: 8 a. m. Sun.
23 Precip. Sun. 0 1 p. m. Sun.
42 8 a. m. Mon. 33 8 p. m.
Sun. 39 1 p. m. Mon. 49 High Sun.
50 Low Mon. 31 Low Sun. 23 Prec Mon. 0 Sun rose 7:59 a. sets 6:28 p.
m. Degree days 35: Mon. 26: since Sept. 20. 3.555: same period year ago.
3.043: 14 yr. average for same period, 3.404.5. Lake level at dam: Sun. noon 1.23 ft. above dam.
Mon. 1.29 ft. above dam. (Additional weather on page 10) lem of how to utilize outgrown shoe skates, rubbers, and overshoes, added a timely new commodity today shoes. The exchange has been operated for two years by eighth grade pupils of the Central elementary school, for a fee of five cents, a pupil may trade outgrown footgear for larger size.
School Superintendent Paul Mis-ner said the addition of shoes to the exchange list was prompted by Sunday's rationing announcement. "Children frequently outgrow their shoes while they still are "he said, "and through the exchange system one pair of shoes might be relayed three or four times." Store Open on Sunday Became 'Madhouse' Columbus, Ohio (AP) The government's sudden announcement of shoe rationing yesterday resulted in a mad scramble at the footwear counter of a neighborhood department store and a spokesman said the management had to close the doors to avoid the rush. The spokesman said the place was "literally a madhouse" with customers pawing through the stock themselves without waiting for clerks who tried to dissuade the "anxious shoppers. He said the store, which opens on Sundays and closes Mondays, first heard of the rationing order through a customer and immediately ordered sales halted. Store Flooded, Owner Says He Didn't Know Detroit (AP) Office of Price Administration officials and police raided and closed two Detroit shoe stores last night where tipped-off customers were carrying out armloads of new shoes.
Sam B. Ostrow, senior enforcement attorney for the OPA. and Henry Bockoff, OPA investigator, ordered police to open the stores after they said the owners had refused them admittance. The owner of one store declared: "We are doing nothing wrong. We didn't hear the order because we were working in the store all day." Bridges Loses On Deportation Sacramento, Calif.
(AP) Federal Judge Martin Welsh to day denied an application by Har ry Bridges, C. I. O. longshoremen's president, for a writ of habeas corpus to forestall deportation to Australia. Bridges had applied for the writ on the grounds that U.
S. Attor ney General Francis Biddle acted illegally last year when he ordered the labor leader deported. Chicago (AP) Sudden shoe rationing brought boom business yesterday to Maxwell street, Chicago's picturesque market' place on the Near South Side where merchants never take "no" for an answer from a customer. From early afternoon until police closed them in the evening, shoe stores in the four-and-a-half block district were jammed with customers determined to beat the rationing deadline. As many as six or seven pairs of shoes were bought by some customers, many of them not even bothering to fit them for size.
Proprietors were unprepared for such a raid, and the customers used self-service from start to finish, line plunges to get into the small stores, leaping to high shelves for out-of-reach shoes, making their own change for perspiring clerks, then forcing their way out to the street again, clutching their hard-won purchases tightly in their arms. Pana, Taylorville Shoe Stores Padlocked Springfield (AP) Carter Jenkins, downstate OPA director, said today he had ordered the closing of five shoe stores at Taylorville and two at Pana on Sunday when they were found to be selling shoes after the Government's order was announced from Washington. Jenkins said he would submit the facts to the federal district attorney's office for possible prosecutions. The OPA official said he and several members of the headquarters staff of the Office of Price Administration here went to Taylorville and Pana last yesterday after being informed by the Christian county rationing board that the stores had opened their doors and were selling shoes in violation of the Government order. Jenkins said the store owners told him they thought the freeze order did not go into effect until midnight last night.
Jenkins said the stores did not customarily operate on Sundays. Fire Leaves Family Without Shoes Today Kansas City (AP) The J. D. Dulles are shoeless until the sale of shoes is resumed tomorrow under rationing! The Dulles and their four children fled barefoot early today from their burning home. The only things they saved were three partly-charred ration books.
Dulles, clad in a sympathetic neighbor's oversized shoes and clothing, is looking for new ration books today so the whole family can go to a shoe store tomorrow. School Trading Post Adds Shoes to Line Chicago (AP) Suburban Glencoe's skate exchange, which has solved the prob- impossible or unreasonable. Brazil Just Unfriendly To Japs, Not at War Rio de Janeiro. Brazil (AP) Adherence of Brazil to the Atlantic Charter and the United Nations pact as a full partner in the war against Germany and Italy v. as announced officially late Satur-i day.
Relations with Japan severed along with those with Germany and Italy Jan. 28. 1942 remain broken, but otherwise unchanged. 'The Associated Press, through faulty interpretation in New York of the original dispatch from Rio de Janeiro, reported erroneously Saturday night that the action placed Brazil at war with Japan, the Oriental partner of the Axis). Harvester Heiress' Effects to Be Sold Los Angeles (AP) Household furnishings of the lte Mary Virginia McCormick.
Harvester company heiress, will be sold at auction starting Feb. 15. A. N. Abel! and Roy J.
Goldenberg, auctioneers, said yesterday. The ornate furnishings, estimated to have cost almost one million collars, include such items as fivej srarid pianos, kept by Miss Mc-! Cormick for musjeians in her and for members of orchestras she hired to play the private theaters of her two homes. Miss McCormick, the daughter of Cyrus McCormick. inventor of the i reaper, died last Mav'at the age of 80. Her estate was estimated at.
British Cargo Vessel Sunk in South Atlantic By the Associated Press The sinking of a medium sized British merchantman, announced fest week, raises to 611 the Associated Procc AIIIa neutral cargo ships lost in Western "lantic L-boat attacks since Pearl Harbor. The lone sinking, in which three crewmen lost their lives in the South Atlantic, was the lowest seven-day total of announced losses 'or the area in 61 weeks of submarine warfare since the United 5'ates entered the war. tinue to make adequate amounts of their more economical types of shoes, and will not be permitted to shift to more expensive types. Gold and silver and all two-tone shoes are out, colors being limited to white, black, town brown and army russet. Women's heels are limited to not more than 2 inches, and "platforms" those extra thick soles some women fancy are forbidden.
Heavy duty leather is reserved for work shoes. The shoe industry was asked, also, to develop a "war model" shoe to combine leather saving, comfort and low price, and also a special type of shoe, containing little or no leather, that could be sold without ration coupons. Tip-Off in Washington The Washington Post said today that a check-up on shoe dealers here showed a number did a rushing business late Saturday, and some dealers said the flurry was caused by "an apparent advance tip on yesterday's shoe rationing announcement." The paper said in every instance Please turn to page 2 "Shoes" Bondholder Has Option In Payment of Taxes Washington (AP) The Treasury said today that holders of War Savings bonds have the option in paying their 1942 income taxes of starting to pay taxes now on the accrued interest on the bonds instead of waiting until they mature or are sold or redeemed. Detailed instructions issued by the Internal Revenue bureau provide, however, that once the taxpayer elects to start paying taxes on the accrued interest each year, he must continue that system as long as he holds the bonds. 1.
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