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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1963 Mixed Up Expressway Once more we have an example of Godfrey Belt- line casualties. It was a miracle that all persons involved in the accident at the Buckmaster Lane intersection Wednesday evening weren't killed outright. As Police Capt. William Petersen remarked, one of the big difficulties with the Bdtiine is that it was designed as an extremely limited access expressway. Yet it eventually had to be built to modifications in the iinc of access from many points which, while not interrupting its function as an expressway, made it an extremely hazardous one. Many of our accidents there have resulted either from attempted left turns off the highway to reach side roads which abound in their connection with the main slab, or from motorists coming onto the highway from the sidcroads. Conflicting Pressures Perhaps, looking back, people may find fault with the state for permitting the highway to be designed so. No one who went through the conflicting pressures of that period, however, will deny that many . . . What we think about... Belt Butchery... Ban Caution... Reds came into play, and it was a miracle of compromise that the beltline, extremely useful despite its hazards, was built at all. Both state and city should join, however, in intensive study of the conditions which make this expressway so conducive to serious accidents at high speeds. It should not be dismissed with a sense of fatalism and discouragement. We feel sure that, proper markings and some other relatively minor alterations could increase the highway's safety immeasurably. Meanwhile, we can all save lives until a longer- range solution is found by recognizing the road for what it is — a limited access area which should not be regarded as a speedway. It can save all of us plenty of time even if we keep our speeds well under the 60 miles per hour permitted when driving on it. People Must Make It Work Sen. Frank Lausch has indicated misgivings which many feel in the extremely gray area of decision over the nuclear test treaty with Russia. Doubtless noting there are plenty of other votes for it to pass the treaty, he takes the sideline position many more in the country are now taking. They realize the treaty can be a big gamble, involving Russia and its sense of honor as it does; yet they realize also that some chances must be taken in this game of international diplomacy. And this, is the big one. If approved by the two sides of the Iron Curtain, the treaty contains possibility of a further steppingstone. But Sen. Lausch apparently doubts the promises made by our military people that the United States can and will keep up preparations for new and newer tests just as if we coidd make them. Thus we would be ready to test our latest developments at any time Russia should break the treaty. Hope for Overconfidence The pressure on Congress to reduce foreign aid, one of' our most powerful active weapons against communism, however, could well throw a scare into the wisest legislator. What if Americans felt they no longer had anything to be apprehensive over in the war of nerves behind the nuclear test program. Would we then press for reduction in appropriations for this program? Could we be hoodwinked into thinking we could relax our military defense operations? It is Americans who need to avoid being deceived by the test ban, not necessarily their leaders. We can give the test ban a chance as long as we don't relax our vigil. Red 'Come-on' for India An ingenious possibility once again appears in the latest exchange between Russia and Red China over the Indian problem. Russia has warned Red China it must respect borders, and through a Pravda editorial, specifically places its finger on the border with India. By happenstance, Russia has been wheeling and dealing with India over some weapons, including pursuit planes. It requires no great amount of conjecture to conclude that Russia would follow her usual pattern of sending technicians and even armed supervision in to teach the Indian army the uses of such weapons — of even insist on operating them. And these folks always have been instruments of subversion. Ask Castro. Meanwhile, it doesn't hurt this type of maneuver's effectiveness any for Russia to pose as the enemy of Indian's enemy, with a view to convincing India that Moscow is truly sincere in negotiating the assistance. A Wasted 'Day' It is not always given to public officials to speak ,o forthrightly in commenting on public issues that might bring protests from above. E M Leamon, Alton assistant superintendent of schools, calmly levelled his sights, however, at the state General Assembly's latest ach.evement m pushing just one little bit more of thought control on our educational system. A new bill requires schools to observe Good Roads Day" on April 15 by injecting appropriate thoughts into the studies for the day. As for good roads, we're sure the public attention is directed to them constantly. Most of us are asking for a great deal more of them than can be built as fast as we want them. We hardly need a special "day" set aside to brainwash school children to see their merit. Mr. Leamon was temperate in his comments. He'll wait for instructions from State Superintendent of Public Instruction Ray Page. Mr. Page can do a service by dragging his feet and allowing our schools to perform their designated PAUL s . COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Thought for Holy Days In the month of September, Jews everywhere are celebrating the High Holidays. Rosh Hash- onoh, the New Year, was Thursday. Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, comes on Saturday the 28th. On these days as at all other times we shall enter our houses of worship with contrite hearts and earnest mien, praying in these troubled times, that God watch over us, our loved ones, and all mankind. Discouragement often becomes rampant. But always there is hope to light our path. For instance, I have just learned about a beautiful story I like to share with you. I find that in many cities, the Federation of Jewish Youth, have organized what they call the "Mitzvoh Corpe". Mitz- voh is a. beautiful Hebrew word, which means, commendments of good deeds. The young people comprising this organization range from 15 to 22 years. Their function is to be of service wherever and whenever called upon. Neither race, religion, or creed is connected with it. That is how a group of these young people, 12 in number, spent the month of July in Puerto Rico. Some of them were engaged in teaching English to the natives. They taught them sports. Some even helped pour cement for the foundation for new homes to be built. One of their co-leaders gave the natives medical care. So grateful were the Puerto Ricans they presented the young man with one of their most prized possession, a fighting cock. But it was a good job well done. When the members of the Mitz- voh Corp, returned to their homes they were elated and high in their praises of the people they worked with. The natives in turn learned not only about the admirable traits of our American youth, David Lawrence Moratorium On Protests? WASHINGTON.—Sometimes an irreconcilable conflict becomes reconcilable with the passage of time and by the avoidance of incitement to further conflict. It is conceivable that a moratorium now of one year on racial "demonstrations" and picketing may constructively lead to an adjustment of views. Attempted coercion of Congress is fruitless. The spreading of. threats and counter-threats will be of little avail and will only stir passions on both sides and result in tragic episodes of violence. A moratorium is an agreed- upon method of delay. It doesn't require commitments in advance from either side, but can mean progress through an effort to attain a meeting of minds. To bring about an atmosphere lack of fairness or reasonable- ress, it is necessary that both sides exercise the self-restraint which recognizes, first of all, that human problems are not always settled by statute and must be considered in an environment of good will. It will not be helpful for either side to accuse the other of a Supreme Court of the United ness. It will not help for one side to say that the whites "hate" Negroes, when the true record of how the two races have lived side by side, especially in the South, reveals benefactions by whites to Negroes which are unrivalled anywhere else in the world. It will not help for agitators to continue the "marches" and "demonstrations" which now are not confined to Negroes but are participated in by both sides. Resentments are pro- duced by carrying such problems to the streets, where the possibility of violence is always present. The churches can play a part —an-influential one. The function of the church is not to write legislation or to engage in lobbying but to bring persons of all classes and groups together so that they themselves may apply the rule of reason and humaneness to the discussion of vexatious problems of adjustment in everyday life. The problems of race friction are deep-rooted and will not be solved overnight. More can be gained for the objectives of a "civil rights" program by the activities of community leaders than by federal law or even state laws. Only nine years have elapsed since the decision ordering desegregation in public schools was announced by the high court. But during that brief period there has been a great deal of public discussion and debate without violence or threats or violence. Good progress was being made when suddenly a wrong decision was reached—to go to the streets with "demonstrations." The theory was that a virtual threat of revolt would persuade those who had no( yet been persuaded. The opposite happened. It caused a hardening of positions and a turbulence that naturally curtailed the influence of even the so-called "moderates." A return to the atmosphere that prevailed before the "demonstrations" started would be most helpful. For, basically, the segregation problem is a human problem. (£> 1963 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) but better understood the meaning of Judaism. What puzzles us is, why when such nice young people — and their numbers must be legion— are not publicized more.'Instead, we have had the sad spectacle of the young college students who defied their government and were dragged out, shrieking and tight- ing, from a meeting on Un-American activities. It is these things that makes one thoughtful and fearful. Let us hope that God will help mankind to see the right, so that good will replace the existent turmoil and unrest. Happy holiday to our fellow worshippers. MARY BLUM 1741 Rodgers Ave. Help for Indians Nobody is demonstrating or organizing a march to Washington to better the lot of the Indians who, by tens of thousands, are living in rural slums more squalid than the worst Negro so-called ghettos. Most of the more than half a million American Indians are just about as segregated now as they were 350 years ago when the white settlers began pushing them out of the tribal homelands. The Indians still travel f a r behind the rest of the nation in job opportunities, in incomes, and in many other things. The median family income for reservation Indians last year was under $1,500 — less than half the median family income for Negroes. Negro and white children are being transported from their home neighborhoods to assure that they attend racially balanced schools. About a third of the school age Indians still attend 270 Indian schools operated by the government. The United States government has tried for years to integrate them in predominantly white communities. In many cases Indians have encountered tremendous problems in trying to tit themselves into jobs for white employers. And about a third of them end up back on their reservations. The Indians are full citizens of the United States, free to move about as anybody else. The 170,000 who have left the reservations have exactly the same legal privileges and responsibilities as other Americans. About 290 regular Indian reservations and an additional 35 pieces of land are occupied by Indians under government control. The government's main goal in recent years has been to get them into the mainstream of American life. The new idea seems to be that if the Indians will not go where the job is, the job can be brought to them. Yet it will take many years and a lot more money before the entire Indian population is ready to assume the full role of citizenship. HELEN JOEST1NG, 1616 Greenwood St. 'WE'VE GOT TO s*^sSsssssfegjiiffi^,,_. . UP THAT NGO DINK ^AMll-Y MONOPOLY OF POWEB.P Victor Riesel Reuther WASHINGTON, D. C. — The closest thing to a championship bout inside labor will be held in the grand ballroom of a New York hotel this November — with Walter Reuther in one corner and some mighty sturdy, though little - known, challengers in t h e other. Reuther will be forced into battling for his prestige and that of his allies in the national labor arena. There are insiders who say that if he loses this fight he will have no alternative but to take his powerful auto union out of the national AFL-CIO coalition. That would deprive the federation of a million members. The battle will develop, not with a direct assault by the "old line" construction and building trades unions on Reuther himself, but with their attempt to bump his close friend and ally, Jim Carey, from the lu'gh command of the AFL-CIO Executive Council. This maneuver will be made at the Fifth Biennial Convention of the national organization opening in New York on Nov. 14. It is this parley, representing some 12.5 million members, which elects this executive council. "Young" Jim Carey, president of the big International Un- Faces AFL-CIO Battle ion of Electrical Workers, is a member of that 29 - man directorate. If Carey is voted out of the council, he automatically loses his place on the virtually unpublished but influential eight. - man AFL-CIO Executive Committee, the federation's interim operating group. Jim Carey's opponent already has been chosen by the officials of the 18 national construction unions. He is Edward Carlough, Sheet Metal Workers' International Association president, an outgoing, outspoken Irish chap always ready to do battle for his cause. And his cause is to run against Carey for the high command post. Carlough has a small but powerful union of some 75,000 men. It has not hesitated to get into showdown battles with the million - member United Steelworkers, for example, when Carlough and his colleagues believed they, •not the steel union, should lead the workers in a giant plant. The size of Carlough's union is not important. Behind him is the weight of shrewd veteran strategists who lead some 3,000,000 building and construction workers. And that's a lot of weight. Reuther cannot take this without a fight. If Carey is forced off the high council ana therefore its Executive Committee, Reuther would lose the vote of his most faithful ally. And Reuther already is a minority force — on both boards. Furthermore Reuthep cannot permit Carey to go down undefended, because Carey is a symbol of the old CIO's type of industrial unionism. Carey was, secretary - treasurer of the old CIO. He hold* the same position in the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Dept., of which Reuther is president. Therefore Reuther will fight if the neutrals don't deter Ed Carlough from running against Carey. If Carlough does run, the betting odds are in his favor. Carey's double-edged razor tongue has not exactly made him the most popular chap inside Jabor. AFL-CIO president George Meany, who positively will run for reelection, would sooner have hives than Carey. Thus it is possible that Reuther may lose this fight on the open floor of the national convention. There would then be little to hold him inside the AFL-CIO. Doughty old John L. Lewis once stood where Reuther now stands. Drew Pearson Churches Should Help Rebuilding WASHINGTON — Three contrasting pictures are before me as I write this column. One is the recollection of a handsome young man with an almost boyish face. Smoking a long black cigar, sitting in my living room and telling me of his plans as governor of Alabama. The second is the mental picture of little girls in white dresses, neatly ironed, pigtails tied in ribbons, going to Sunday School in Birmingham. The third is the final picture of those same little girls, dresses crumpled, bodies bloody, one with her head blown off, being carried away on stretchers. It was the Lord's Day in Birmingham, supposed to be a day of peace. And it was Children's Day at; the 16th Street Baptist Church. The theme was forgiveness — the story of how Joseph forgave his brothers when they were jealous of him and sold him into bondage. The people of that church have a lot to forgive now, especially the fathers and mothers of those little girls in crumpled white dresses. Rev. John Cross, their pastor, took the lead in urging forgiveness when he seized a' megaphone minutes after the bombing and shouted an anguished appeal". "Please go home! The Lord is our Shepherd. We shall not want." • Yes, they have a lot to forgive at the 16th Street Baptist Church —the broken bodies of their children, the broken church, the broken stained glass windows they had saved so long to buy. How many collections those windows had required! And how many times the mothers of those little girls had washed them and dressed them and 'sent them off to Sunday School to learn patience and forgiveness! Now their crumpled bodies lay mute on bloodstained sheets; and the dusty plaster, the splintered pews, the ripped.up flooring, the tattered prayerbooks, the pieces of glass — shattered glass everywhere — all bore silent testimony that there was'much on the other side to forgive. One stained glass window remained — Christ lead- ing -- a group of children. His face was blown out — symbolic of the fact that the spirit of Christ has been blown out of many parts of Birmingham today. Gov. George Wallace, the man who leads the state of Alabama, sat in my living room last winter, handsome, serene, confident, puffing his cigar. He'd been governor of Alabama about three months and expected no problems. He had been the friend of the "nigra", he said, had served on the board of directors at Tuskegee, attended meetings with the Rockefellers in New York, smoked their one dollar cigars, but refused to follow their ideas on the race problem. That problem, as far as the schools were concerned, was to permit no integration. Gov. Wallace has offered $5,000 of the state's money as a reward to catch those guilty of this, the 21st bombing in Birmingham. Let the governor lead a drive to rebuild the 16th Street Baptist Church. The chances are slim, I know that he will do this. So I suggest that every church In the nation, regardless of its denomination, regardless of whether it is white or Negro, take up a collection to rebuild and repair the church in Birmingham wrecked by the hate-mongers. Let this church, when rebuilt, be a monument to forgiveness and tolerance and better understanding in a city which needs sorely to heal its wounds. Today's Prayer God, the great Judge, help us to look at life through Thine eyes, that we may distinguish the true values from the false. Help us to spurn whatever is cheap, tawdry, and base and all that looks beautiful without but is rotten at the core. Woo us by Thy spirit and make us want what is good and noble and true; through Jesus Christ. Amen. —Alfred N. Sayres, Lancaster, Pa., professor-emeritus, The Lancaster Theological Seminary. (C 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the V. S. A.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, DL Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available, Local advertising rates and National advertising repre- contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. sentatlve: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEI'TEMBKIt 20, 1038 Approvals of plans by the Division of Highways for repaying of streets in Alton which were part of a slate highway route extension opened the way for bid calls. The streets involved were West 5th from Piasa (o Belie, West 4th from Belle to State and State? from 4th to 3rd. Robert Hamilton Noble, son,of Mr. and Mrs. L. .S. Noble ol Phinney avenue and senior at Antiodi College. Yellow Springs, Ohio, had been elected to the board of directors of the Campus Valet Cooperative and appointed to the elections committee. William Miller mourned the loss of a iy-year-old horse, which he had used in his delivery business for 16 years. The animal, which Miller had acquired when It was 3 years old, was destroyed when its illness was diagnosed as sleeping sickness. Plans for creating a lily pond in the upper end of the recently made sandfill of the Riverside Park shore pool were announced by Col. P. S. Rdnecke, chief of the U. S. Army Engineers in the St. Louis office, following hi.s inspection of dredging work done at the upper end oi the locks landwall. E. F. Reilley, 70, of Central Avenue, was hurt in a fall from a porch, where he was supervising repair work at his property at 1113 E. Fourth Street. Alton Woman's Council launched its 50lh-year observance. Mrs. L. B. Fisher, mother of Dr. Waldo Fisher, had served as its head for the first 25 years. Miss Wilhelmlne Trenchery was the only charter member living. Mrs. Curl A. Taylor was the golden jubilee president. Presidents of the intervening years were Mrs. Eugene Gaskins, Mrs. S. D. Mi-Kenny, Mrs. H. W. Davis, Mrs. J. F. McGinnis, Mrs. James Johnston, Mrs, J. D. Makinney, Mrs. William Waters, Mrs. G. E. Wilkinson, Mrs. E. B. Yoiuig, Mrs. J. J. Jehle, Dr. Nina Merrill Whitlock, Mrs. John Ohnstead, and Mrs. Harry L, Meyer. Herb Cope, proprietor of the Keller fish market at the foot of State street, Clauddie Draper, and Dave Breakville displayed a 70-pound catfish caught below the Alton locks by the latter two. Robert L. Downey of Jerseyville entered Barnes Hospital, St. Louis, for a bone grafting operation on one of his legs, broken 35 years before. Archibald Ely, former Jersey County deputy sheriff and deputy county clerk, and Mrs. Ely observed their 5uth wedding anniversary. 50 Years Ao »0, 1018 A concealed Inferno of fire which may have been smoundering for more than two years was discovered deep in a cinder fill under automatic Factory 15 at Illinois Glass Co. The lire had been suspected when r» the building was erected, and partly for that reason the factory had been floored with an 18-inch slab of concrete. Recently, when an excavation was made for "a new concrete pier, it was discovered the fire was still burning. The fill of cinders was one 9 to 12 feet in depth made in an old creek bed, and it was believed some chemical action had caused residual fuel elements to ignitf. Water from spring floods in the Mississippi had several times infiltrated the cinder filled area, and it was believed use of water to try to extinguish the cinders would be of no effect. Louis, the 7-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Timmons had disappeared when left, with his 10-year-old .sister, on the Joest fish dock while his lather was on an errand to the nearby business district. It was feared the boy had drowned. However, an unavailing search was made of the shore and the downtown area in the possibility he might have strayed from the dock. The boy's sister said her brother disappeared while she was at play to the market office and that it was her belief t\ he had fallen overboard. Relatives clung to a possibility the child might have been kidnaped and a band of gypsies, seen to pass through town about the time he became missing, was being sought. Dragging of the river, after the unavailing search on land, had yielded no results. Bloodhounds used in an effort to solve the Kittinger store burglary in Upper Alton had followed three trails', none of which yielded any tangible results. The morning after the dogs were used a pair of old shoes was found concealed in the store, and this led to belief that the dogs had been baffled because the burglar had donned a brand-new pair of shoes from the Kittinger shelves before departing with the loot. In further checking his stock, Kittinger found that jewelry to value of $100 had been taken In addition to shoes and underwear. The Board of Local Improvements was studying a project to link the Elm Street pavement with,that on Central Avenue to provide a new paved cross-town jwite between Middletown and Northslde.