Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on December 3, 1898 · Page 6
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December 3, 1898

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

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Alton, Illinois
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Saturday, December 3, 1898
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WARING, THE MARTYR, MAKING YOUR FORTUNE IN OUR NEW COLONIES. J "IRON MOUNTAIN" A MISNOMER | the mnunhlin nnd then glvlm? r.tit. More j I - iiiiriilivVV'I'nircd Its head In the nre Till? SAMMRV f:.\('KRT FOR HAVANA'S I VR IIIS LTH. Ml-i Before Death !Ic Ollcred the Uc«t 1'iifsi Solution nf the Problem of How Clean tuba's f-iltby dspltal. Tbi' ili'Hlli. In New York City, nl folfiiiel (ir<>rgf> Waring, 'lie san't.'ir.v engineer wlio f-ohtrai'icil yellow fi vet in Cuba while looking 1o .the- I''s' means of its fxlei-iiilrntioii.' nniy well •llri-t.-t Hie• jitli'iitlini of Hi" War I 1 I>:ii lini'ill in Ide .-diidiHoti wlil<-ll will i^oni'nint tVnft'al l/cc's nrin.r of IH-I-U- Italloii in Havana nnd its suburbs, mul 10 thi' instant iici'e*x|>y of hegimi!im (lie work viliicli, if properly )itisbi'i!, may make of Havana :i i-oiiipnriuivcl,i' i-lr'iii i-i!y witbin :i Iwi Iveinoi.lli. iinder-t'inil that i'nlnii<-l \\';ir been '"implcled. I' iiinneiid.'itiiin-- which It M'lml-f •iiiitain liiilll I f lii- '•'in ;t il'iiii ni tiiai.-il (HI! 1 S-Tin- i VUII;i'-' tin 1 'Jiilf nf Mexli-ii. rather Havana li;u-lii,r. ami (hat .- • In 1 ri'i^irded us • • possible suhl- whi'-h. Ii'fl nit- yr on- In M'-aii - l .- to ll Stnti-s. will rei-omuiciiil lliiil Hi i' shntllil hi' ilipTfeil (lit iluiii im '•anal b • •u! ai-i-oss the narrow ni'i-1; nf land back oi the cily propi'r. I'umiccling tlic 11,11-11 lidf w.-il r of tin 1 lintf witli tin- >tagnnm puddle wiiirh is iiiiincd Havana I'.ay. That .-anal is the only soliillun nf Hi- jirohlem nf cleansing ini/l keeping <-It'lln Hnv.-mu li.'irlxir. Kvcn I)H. Spni:- isli hnd lung auo cnme lo nn appn- <-intl-.ii '-if (bis lad, and every suc- I'cxvive cnloiiinl government iins announced Its Intention to dig the canal - "ninn.-iiin." Havana naturally Is n healthy city. It la situated on high, rocky ground; It IK swciif at all hours by invigorating nnd ninlnrin-dispclling ocean breo/,eH; its water works syslem. splendidly conceived and fairly well executed, brings a Hood of cltan. spnrilliiK water from the limestone tiiliH, far Hway from nny pomiblc .source of poltttlon, nnd the climale during eight months of die year Is •dcllKhlf.nl. ,; Tliere should be nn nmlnrlii In Havana; no cntnrrhnl or pulmonary di.«i- shoiild originate there, nnd the '« of siiinll-p<i.Y ami yclk/w fever might be quickly nnd forever provided against by file nils of nindern xniiitation. ' But centuries of cnsy-j;oing, dirt- loving, cureless Spniilsh-Afrlcjiii clv- Ilissntlon have made of the town and harbor- a veritable sinkhole of infection which will rei]tilrc a lot of cleaning tip before the "Ihoti shnll not" measures of modern snnitnr.r onrc may become preventively f'llicnclous. The cnnnl Is the alpha perforce of tliu new regime. Havana harbor-Is n sheet of water of thirty siunre miles of superficial nnd varl'ibli; deplli. It is ced to that decree Unit ft Is lo n demijohn. Tho narrow botlle neck-three hundred yards wide-gives iiceess tu the (lulf which has less limn four feel of mean tide vii'.-l'.'.tion. This is not. sullli'lent to a rise and fall .or inure .limn six f :-•>. eii-eh turn of (lie fide, mew lirlng' at III" Mleps fit 1 T,-| .M'achliui wharf. For three hundred years nil the Beware, oll'al nnd gnrbnge .of, (Ije i;lty of , Hiivan.-)' have bceli placidly ed into'.t his :i-oinparn!.i vcly, ,stnalj . is "best' described in the words of OiiniH'i' CJiarlcH Morgan, jTnlit'd .StafeM .Vary, who hnd rlmrge of the diving operations .In the snlvnge work about the wreck of tin* Maine. Morgan Mil-with the writer one day last April on n bnrue alongside Ilie Maine wHb only the helmet of his diving Htilt removed. He had just come to the surface after n prolonged prowl about tho Adi'ine'H shattered hull. "It is like diving thror.gh porridge when oi.'o gets down two fathoms," Haid be. "Al one fathom the water's pretty clear; nt iwo .'it's opiujue; nt three fnlhoms It, censt-s to IM.' wntei' and becomes muck. through which one cannot sec n fool nnd which feels t'limy to the touch. And Hint's nil of two fitlhoiiw lo the bottom, tco." Tin- wnli'i 1 of Hiiviiii.-i Imrbiir IM a dirty yellow, In 'strong i-oniradlslliiot- ion in ihi' pellucid blue ul' the tlulf water outside of Morro I'nlnl. When tliu hot noonday HIIII Iins wanned ll for nn hour the always nidl'-cnlile fetid odor becomes distinctly ofl'enslv" to (he nos'rlls, and phvhislnns way tliut no tin.'Kvljmnlcil pei'sim can In- liale the imlKonons fumrs for n week wilhnut Impairment of hcnllli. Tin: cnnnl, .so long and no much talked of, need lit 1 less limn four miles long. Its cciisii-ncljnn Involves nu. Kl'cat dlllicul|li.'S of engineering, ItB cost, need not be grail, for the deeper rut ncei'ssnry Is less IJinii Blxty feet, nnd the length of any con- Hidernblc e-xc/ivatlon lc«s than linlt' « tulle. iSin-li n cnnnl would I urn the rushing current of Jbu Oulf Hi ream-M flows sl.v miles (in noiir (MINI Morra —through tlil-i stagnant, filth-soggy taiKlli. It would accomplish this mod- «rn labor of Hercules In a wed; after completion and keep conditions good for all time.--New York .Inurnal. A MATR1MONIAI. COURSE. until It wns'ijll cut up by these el's, nnd nnfWng wns lefi but « here nnd il»Te. l-'lnnlly Iliese out, whi'iH- the mining hnd Appt-nicil In Ho n Pollil HIM nf Orr but I'rovcH Only n dip of Ihe .Metnl. TIi" ri ri-ii' nniiouiici-mcnl of the Iron ! Mountain Company (lint all Its lands In southeast Missouri, comprising over . ;,,,, 1( .j,,, l | „ ,,, (1 iif In tile mountain nboiit an.iKiii acres, inci'thnr with Us bouses. :„„ ft ,,, V(ll „.,,„ ,„{. siirroiimlins; val- shops and buildings, of all de-M-rlitilon*, ' ,,. v „,,,, ,,„, llnyM ;,, f Uu , firi . Ilt j,-,,,, were for sale for fjirniliiB and stock j ,„'.„, n t. lin , ,|ie inesljiiustlble deposit of t lessnii on (|1 , ( ,^ w ., ir ,, numbered.. T HE Industrial prospects of now territory which recent events havo brought In close relation with the United States—such as Hawaii, I'orto Rico and the Philippines— are attracting great attention in this country n/t the present time. Energetic a.nd enterprising young American clerks, as well as those poorly employed or not employed at all, are Kcanulng tho outlook with considerable practical anticipation. The field Is worth study Ins. Porto Rico leads foremost on the list as opening the greatest Inducements, because tho lubahltams of that beautiful Island desire to become Americanized as soon as possible. Tho extlnctio'. of Spanish rule means tho rapid encouragement of American Institutions nnd the general uso of the Kngllsh language. Outside of the f^w hundred French and Spaniards who control the plantations of the Island, every one of the million Inhabitants Is cnger to learn the Kngllsh language, and when lie catches a word or phrase he memorizes It and repents it. promptly to a circle, of admiring friends. The result Is that this principal stores, hotels UJid business houses now have a sign reading, "English spoken here," and Interpreters «re employed at a high salary. In fact, business men have been willing to pay nlmo.st nny prlcr; for an American clerk or snlesnuin. Thu demand In so abnormal, however, that a reaction IH certain to come.. Thi; prospective clerk, therefore, should study and analyze the situation before he makes a move. It Is estimated that .flHO would be ample lor a young man of modest tastes lo give hist lalenls a ftilr show In I'orto Klco, leaving enough money for the return trip, In cium.hu found I'onco or Maynglicz not to his liking. The rules to Sun .luiin and those towns are $(15 first clasH, f3!i second class. Thu consuls are obliging; board relatively cheap; a room costs ¥1" a month and board about -10 cents per day. American money doubles tho minute Ihe visitor arrives In I'orto Klco; that is, the rate of exchange gives $U I'orto iticnn money for every American dollar. With a basic knowledge of I.ntln, nil observant American can soon pick up Spanish. As to the Philippines, It bus been staled that Manila Is holler than (he Klondike. Getting then: Is more comfortable, and health Is offered to the man without health In addition. If a young man starts out with HII appointment from a house ready to do business In the far Hast, or even with n simple, proper Indorsement, he cnn do well. New York traders, especially those doing business In hemp, tuhncco nnd Kiignr, arc looking for n tremendous development of trndn with tho Philippines, nnd say that Die opportu- rnlsliiK purposes i.« nn object lessnn on the fallibility of tinman knowledge, and scientific huiitnn knowledge at that. Tho rise and fall of this great Industry makes nn interesting chapter In tho industrial history of Missouri. Hellrv- ing the sclentlUe stories about the In- ejthrtusllbip mountain of Iron, a company wns organized In IS-l.'i to exploit the Rrent Iron Mountain deposits. The first net of the company wnn the pur- elmse of n large tract of land known ns Ilie Joseph Prntte grant, with the Iron Mountain In about the geographical center. This wns an old Spanish grant of aO.Ul'HJ arpens, or a trifle over 17,0!«> acres, made to Joseph I Yd tie when Spain owned all of the territory west of the Mississippi Hirer. The ore. ns then exposed, eonsisled of n cliff or plnmn-le two or three acres In extent, rising perpendicularly to n height of sevent.v-tlvi' feet near the center of the mountain. The balance of the mountain wns covered to n deplli of several feet wllli a porphyry >o.'l, which wns tilled with dctnclud pieces of iron ore. The company's llrst work was in getting out this loose ore, which It did by the process known ns hydraulic mining. A reservoir wns built on the top 9!' n_ neighboring mountain; j -sirenni In 'the Va'lli-y \v;is dni'.imed, forming a hike of.over 100 acres, bjlh of which are standing Intact to-day, monuments of tin- faith Ihe promoters Imd in the permanency of their enterprise. The water wns pumped to (hi reservoir nnd thence piped to the Iron mountain, whore it wns let loose with glnnt force upon the friable soil, washing It away nnd leaving the oro to bo picked up nnd hauled to the smelter, nfter the manner of mining' on tho famous Comstock lode. Two smelters were erected, and much of the ore was smelted on the spot. This was long before the railroad was built to that point, and the ore and pig Iron was transported by means of mule and ox teams to St. Genevlove, on the gem to impose a doso on him. There II Mississippi river, a distance of forty a w pbiy in which the hero Is sentenced in prison to drink a cup of poison. Thu aotor was playing r tho. part one night, and had given directions for tho cup to bo filled wji.li port, but what was his horror when he came to drink It to tlnd it contained a dose of salts. To throw It a way was out of tho question*, as he hail to turn the goblet upside down to show his persecutors he' hud drained every drop of It. Ho drank the medicine-with the slowness of a poisoned martyr, but he never forgave his medical man, us was proved nt IiU death, for he died -without paying LTUl.-i-r.iondon Tit-Hits. his doctor's miles, a plank road being constructed for tho purpose. From St. Genovleve the iron was shipped to St. Louis and to nianufiiofuring [joints up tho Ohio river. , Some Idea of the magnitude of the company's operations can be gathered Tiie sciential* and theorists then opined that this was only n detached body of ore, and ndynncod tlio proposition (hut the mother lode wns near nt baud. Repented Darings to enormous depths In nil the surroundings country fulled to vindicate their theory, and not another truce of Iron was found. Tho experience of the Pilot Knob Company near by wns similar, nnd new theories lind to be iiinde lo III the case nnd account for these large |«ickefs of Iron ore. The latest explanation ndvnuccd mid now universally accepted Is that these great .deposits were aqueous rather than Igneous In formation, nnd consequently no uiuther lode exists from which they could hnve been detached. However that may be, nfter taking out J!,fiOO,i;uo tons of n* rich ore 119 wus ever mined the grcjit Iron mountain mine is no more; Its glories are departed; Us 1,21)11 workmen hnve dwindled to twenty-live, who nre now engnged in scraping up nnd sorting the last of (he tailings, preparatory to nbnndonlng Iho works forever. The once busy population Is scattered; not tlt'ty of them nre left. The churches, .schools nmt iodgo- rooms (We «'esc"'^pd. 'rhi> Dwelling-' houses nre crnniwlng- on Fhelt; foundations. Not a sior!.' or shop Is open"; I'ncle Sum floes not even maintain n postuHice, nnd but .one train a day each way stops nt Ihivdilnplilnted railway station. Thelltt'.e^grnvi ynril maintains its population, but has not grown very rapidly of into, except lo weeds njul bushes. It is a picture of ruin nnd desolation to be seen only In ancient hinds and lu the mining camps of modern Amerlcii. Co IN HIS COUNTRY'S SERVICE. O. U. WarlsiR'Who Died of Yellow Fever, Wnu a Martyr to Duty. The circumstances surrounding the death of Col. George B. Waring, Jr., who fell a victim to yellow fever, contracted while In tho service of his country In Cuba, were of a particularly sad nature and havo drawn forth expressions of profound sorrow from nil parts of the country. Col. Waring returned .... v.... ,,t b «iucii.-u from Cuba, where he went In tho from these facts. Thoy were on a gl- early part of October as the head of a giuitlc 'scale. The number of mules I commission appointed for the purpose Chicago'* Northwestern University To Tt.y.h ins Art »l (Itlllnit Alurr.'eil. Students .-it Ih" Nmtliwosii n 1,'n 1 versify, in Kvansl'iit. 111., are about I < hceoti'c priiili-li ill in the art of '.Ji'ttiliW marrlid. or Profi--is:;r Cunimiiock of the School of Oratory will know tlir ror.sini why. There are to lie no nior ' awkward jiroums, no mure nervous brides, and no more frightened brides niNlds or groomsmen when the nmd- inilcs of Niirihwi stern i ome to 111- point of gel ting married. « So I'nv there Is untiling exei pt til' Imre announcement Hull there ts to fie iiistrin-tlnii lu the geiiernl art of mat rinioiiy uniliv Ilic supervision of I'm fessor Cminiinoek, One call only KIICSS al Ihe incllind Hill U In b.' adopted. There u 111 l:c. of com'.'"', mock in.'ir- rinses from lime lo lime, bill beyond that notlilni; Is known. II is not believed, however, that Ihe new course will Include n love making branch. In a co-ediii'iitlomil institution the students can lake rare of that tlii'in- (•elves. The I'onrse will deal Snli ly with I lie ccrricoiiy. II is asserted. The groom will be taught to pluiigi 1 int:f his ve<t pocket for the ring and fiol ll ill the llrst effort, and thus fare about ten .vi'.-ii'.s' wivii' ajji) tfi>r on Ills nervous. system when the real day of fate arrives. The bride will !>• trained to ki e;i the color in her cheeks and to look neither supremely sorrowful nor intensely happy.. It )* US .vet '•nku i .-w:i wholhiT tin' course wi'ii include iiistniciluli ivlntiv; fO proper I elinvior after marr!ni;i\ nl though It Is thought this Is nei'dci quite an much ac Instruction relallvt lo the man-Inge ccremniy Itself. Tin prevailing impression Is that Professot <!t!inii!i;ock will not undertake In (.'< so far. lie has not yet given an ex prcssion on that subject. > It Is understood the greatest point in Professor ('iimmnock's course will be 111. 1 rcspoiiso.s. It will m> longer hi impossible Tor .Hi; 1 spi'dnlors in tho .front pew to m.-ike out whether the principal parties In interest have srtld "1 will" or "1 won't." The nn»wcr in every cast will ring out like n pilot balling a boat at sea. WELL-BRED INDIAN MAIDENS. Two Cherokee (ilrls Who Would H o at Home in Kocicty. The average man's Impression of an Indian woman Is that .she Is unkempt, of coar-so appearance, entirely lacking in all thnt partakes of refinement and generally tending toward still deeper. degradation, ll. Is unfortunately too (rue that the picture will lit too many females of the red-skinned race, but not till by any nieiiiis. Notable as t.-x- .•epllons are the Cherokee women, two fair stii-'Cimeas of whom are pictured. They are Jennie Thomas ami Ellen Thomas of Chelsea, T. T. In the Cherokee •btiiffiiug'.' their names are respectively WIsli-na-wa-Kii and U-ik-no-va- hit. daughters of two wolf-to-do'mem- bers of the prosperous 'Cherokee tribe. Both the girls are well educated, v( more than average good looks, vivacious and generally well-tit ted lo take hnd'horses necessary to transport tho oro reached Into the hundreds, nnd n farm of 1,800 acres, wns cleared up and put under cultivation to provide them hay,' otltrt and pasturage. During Us pnloiy'djiyssaftmiall army of men was employed to 'opejrfyo tjio: p'l'no and Its collateral 1 " of selecting sltes..in the island for camps for tho arruy of occupation and also for making provisions for sanitary Improvements In the titles. He laid tin; principal Cuban seeds of yellow: fever in his constitution while in Cuba, and oil his return to New York was stricken down with the terrible disease A Dreadlul Assoult. Mr. Justice Kail, an Irish judge, was noted for his amusing iimnlii'siuUunH of Ignoraurc, but ivIieMicr they iicre roll 1 or pri'teiuli'd lias never been clearly established. He tried a cus<i In Which a man was Indicted for robbery »t the liiiusi 1 ol' a |moi- \\ lilow. Tin 1 ,flrnt WllllcHS WHS III!' .VKIIII^ lltlll^lller of the widow, who Idcntitlcd Ihe prls- oncr as the mini who had cuicivd ilie IIOIIKH mid Nuuishid her tiu/thi r's chi'st. "Do you say that the prisoner nt the bar broke your mother's eliesi?" Hllld the jud^e In nMimhihinciil. "He did, my lord," nnxwcrcil the girl; "he jtlinpeil on It till lie Nin/iHlied It i-mliv. )y." Thi' Judge turned to Uic cronn counsel and s'ald: "How in (liUV \)'hy is uiif tni< 'pi'ls.in'e'r 'liirli^bj||*if(ir 'mtir der'/ "If he sniiinhf-d this poor* woman's chfKt In th'.^ way the witness has dc- ll« miiMt surely have Killed "Jlut, my lord." said tho count waK n Knew llii ACIIWI Viiuc. Mr. Mpooiiamorc," re- tUo young v.omun, with feeling, t { am iKmslbJc of tlu> honor you •* me- in offering mo your i$lttt«, it " (jOUKhud slightly, i u) ,j iVflUW." nlty of a lifetime Is now presenting Itself lo young men of Integrity and push. There will now be ninny opportunities In IndiiHlrlcH Hint Spain linn ul- wa.vs frowned upon. The main tiling for the prospectiv tourist to consider Is the Initial ex penso. It costs about $400 to r Manila. The best route IH from Sin Francisco to Hong Kong via Yoko hama. Tho nvenige hotel tariff n Manila Is $11 n day. Hawaii enu be reached In twelve days from New York, the trip from Sni Krnnclsco costing $70 on uleamcrs half as much on sailing vessels. Clerk* at Honolulu earn as high ns $lU, r i pel month, bookkeepers $ir>o, niechnnlcM uj to $•! per day. Kiigl(ieern list at $1(1(1 conductors $1)0, laborers $1 per day Agriculturist are, however, most in de miiiul. Tho market for ordinary inlmr Is overstocked, but men with export dice In managing- pliininijons eurn as high ns $;i,000 a year, while overseers get up to $7. r » per mon'A. Tho small farmer Is offered superior inducements. Coffee is now Ihe most promising e and from a seventy-live acre planta'tlon • after tlio fourth year-a return of ^10,000 may be counted on. It IH useless, however, to enter Into this coll'oo planting without enough funds to c«rry the T'lttliloi till lh,' lun 1 yields iloVeloj) ment. Applicants for land mum be citizens by birth or uuturiillzntlon, and pay a fee of ?- on application, and $5 on thu Uuanco of a lease. They cnn take up from eight to sixty acres of land, niu»t build a dwelling housu, and receive n Icago for ODD years, or on appraised val- uo can purchaso the freehold. Tho soli (» looso and porous, tho ell- luato ideal. All kinds of vegetation ciui bo raised, besides berries, which grow the whole year around. Itlce, limes, (tad pliii'wpplcs grow freely, banana trade is .1 paying feature. In fact, the enterprising, painstaking regular ployes, CIIKHOKKI; lillM.H. tlielr places In polite society. This thev are In no mood to do, preferring the freedom and iiiK.'onvcnllonnllty of llf, ;IK they find it. in the place of their iia tlvily. 'J"«i. women of their tribe an '1 suppose your cuu hardly miss It In agriculturist Hawaii. Took Wu.ltw on (do It!» told of a well-known actor, now dead, that ho would iwver tako any tia, u«d his medical adviser was almost always of tine tlgiire nn,« grnce fill carriage, (jie only ptirilciilnrly no tlconble fiiitlire th.-it perhaps dctr.ict.- in a measure from their good looks being tho high check bones that niv np parent In even the slxtocnrh-hlood Indians. The voice of the Indian girl Is never hoarse or coarse, but low and musical. During the In.sit qunncr of a century t.ho numlx-r of wli/t(> men who have married girls belonging to the live civilized tribes IIIIH been astonishing. It must In 1 remembered that a white man who marrlefl nn Indian girl Is gonerallj* adopted Into th«trlbo to wlileh his wife belongs, and thereupon recnlvos mni»y of the privileges of the other mem' ber«. Some people cull thewo whites "M)imw" men, but Just the mime they niv among the best citizens of tho nation. „ HnlDlilc. According to statistical returns tho suleUU' rales jier niinum a million of population have risen during the |>««t .10 years from 117 to Stl In Ungliiud and to to u4 lu Ucptland. It Is assorted, lowevor, thnt (lie tentiuney to conceal the occurrencu of death by Biilcldu bus llmlulshed slnco Ineianlly lias becomo more widely recognized us a dUense, ind this li'iidN to the belief Hint sill- cldCN, on tlio whole, niv not \ KluK "ill) u Uiiliiou I'ltf. Tho latii Itcv. Chiicleo iSpurgot/n, in •ettdlng out ii list of subscribers to onu of his charities made running com- nents and Jokes us hu went on that lopt the audlenco In great good humor. Uomlng to « Mr. King who hud glnui i shillings, he tia.ld: "There's a k|u;< vho has given his crown." Coming next o n Mr. Pig*?, who had given a guinea, j exe.lalmed: "Thuro's a guinea pig!" I .ond nu Tlt-lilU. force consisted of. l.liOO em- variously disposed In mining, ', traiiHportlng and charcoal burning, farming, etc. A city soon sprang up, which at one time had a population of close' to 5,0(10, and for a long period was the largest, liveliest and most prosperous on the Iron Mountain rnlJroud outside of St. I.oulH Hsclf. The company built a largo hotel, schools, churches, lodgoroom.s, hulls, .stores, foundries, machine and carpenter shops, barns and dwelling-houses, and provided everything necessary to a city of this size. In Its prosperous days it would have been called a boom town, and was one of the best markets ,St, I,oiils had. Commission men shipped provisions nnd produce there In large quantities and of all descriptions, and received what would now he considered enormous rates. Very little farming was carried on In Ihe vicinity In Ihose days, the nil-absorbing question being mill- HiK. Tile Hessemer process of smelling was unknown In the curly period of the Iron mountain workings. Charcoal was used exclusively, for the burning of which large quantities of timber were required. Luckily, It wa.-i clow at hand. The whole counlry was heavily timbered, and charcoal making was an Important br.uirh of tl.o operation', All tho timber on the original tract of 17,000 acres was soon consumed and additional lands were purchased from time to time, until the holdings of the company reached tho grand total of .11.000 acres, and practically all of the timber on this Immense body had been turned Into charcoal when the Hessemer process came Into general use. On Its advent smelting nt Iron mountain censed and thenceforward only tho oru was shipped. In ]fl01> the company was with the following; prominent cltl/eut) of St. Louis us thi> Hole stockholders: .lames Harrison, Charles P. Chouieiiu, Julia Munlt, Jules Valle, Henry Itelln and Felix .Vnlle. The period of gnat- est activity In working the Iron mountain mine followed this reorganization. The Immense cliff of ore in the center of the mountain was attacked and rap- Idly disappeared unilcr the army of workmen then employed. No such mining had ever before been heard of, whern nn enormous .body of ore projected above the surface, and hnd to be shunted down to terra llrina baforo It could be loaded and shipped. In addition to the ease with wlileh It wns mined It was among ilie highest grad" ores ever discovered, nveniging iH per cent, of pure Iron, and promised to revolutionize Ilio Iron Industry of th* country, If It had held out, so easily was It obtained. For years the great work went on, with nn sign of the coming eclipse. Iron mountain was bti»y, in a few days. His remains weru cremated. Col. Waring wqS well known throughout tin; country j}s nu authority on the sanitation of clfles. He wns boi'ii in West-Chester County, New York, sixty- live years ago. He studied engineering in his enrly days and enlisted during tiio civil war. He was four years In Ills country's service and made a gallant record ns a cavalry lender. During the outbreak of yellow fever In Memphis In 1S7S he changed the sewerage system of that city, separating the house drainage from the surface drainage, Wrong Mon at a Wedding. Talking about .singular rolnrldenees, there are a ulorjfynmn nnd a physician living in Philadelphia who bear Identical names, but never heard of each other until hist week. At that time the physician received a hurry call for his services and lost no lime st-irtiii!; for tin; given number. It was quite a little distance away from where bis otllce fs located, nnd on arriving lie was considerably surprised to find the house indicated lighted up and apparently filled with piiesls.- On entering the hallway he wns met by a middle-aged woman, who Homed to be greatly astonished r,s his appearance. She explained that her daughter was to IH' married thar evi-nluir. nnd, ns the clerpynuin had fnllcil lo show up, she dispatched u mi sponger boy to lind him. nnd not knowing the address, hnd dirrcted the boy to look ii up in the directory; ln'ii'.-it the mistake. The physician, after rei'i-lving profuse apologies for the error, was about to depart, when n gentleman wns assisted up the steps' and into the ball- way, lie proved to be the delated divine, and explained his luck nf punctuality by .statin.;,' thai :i bail ('nil which lie had received while en route bad resulted in a sprained ankle. The physician Immediately tendered bis services, but the minister insisted on performing the ceremony first, nnd did so. While dressing the wounded limb tin- doctor iiiaili' himself known to Ilie 1). I>. and related the curious ciivum- slniivc which hud brought them to- gHlier. The story was nfterwnrd told to lite guests, nnd tile two doctors were a greater attraction while, they stayed than the bride and bridegroom. --Philadelphia Kecord. GIFFORD, THE SWAMP KINO. Ho In Now llnllillnii n Seventeen-Mile linllwii.v Itiriinitli Illn I/mid. Thirty years ago Hcnjntnlit J. Ulfford laid the foundation of his birgft forlune by n Hellenic for reclaiming swamp Innds In tho enmities of Knnknkee, C.hnmpnlgn nnd I/lvlngsfon, In Illinois, iheso land.? had the brwt of soil, yet, on account of their wet character, were useless for farming purposes. Hy virtue of large canals nud dredge dltehos these Innds were nil brought Into market, and from them Mr. Gilford derived largo profits, ilefore Helling out the major portion of his hind In Illinois he. plnatiod nrul (mill a railway running from West Lcbnuini, Ind., to Kanloul, 111., n distance of about seventy miles, which was afterward sold to the Illinois Central Itnllrond Company, and Is now n pnrt of that system. In this transaction Mr. Glfford mndo ,f"30,000. In 1802 ho went to Jasper County, Indiana and begun •ic purchase of lands. This county has been noted for Its BWiimp. After a thorough examination of tho character of the soil of these swamp lands, nnd running levels to ns- ccrtnlu whether there wus any outlet for the water, Mr. Glfford began to purchase land In thlH county, paying from $5 to ?ur> per ncre. He has continued to purchnsu until he Is now the owner of approximately 3.1,000 acres of land In Jasper County, extending from northwest to southeast a distance of tweuly tulles. Nelson Morris, of Chicago, owns 20,000 ayes adjoining Mr. <3lffort]'s land 'upon thejioi'th nud run* UJUS to Uic KjUilinkeo. tllyer. Mr. Gjfford tirst eScarnted^ a system pf"?auals or clt'eclge ditches of flFjea-' miles in length a mi Immense cos Mo has constructed 1120 houses an barns at nu average cost of JptlOO end Ho has, within the. lust two years taken off his land railway lies cnoiig to complete twenty-five to thirty mile of railway. He has now commence live construction of n railway beginnln about two and one-half miles east o De Motte station, on the Indiana, 111 nols and Iowa Railway, running thenc southeasterly a distance of twent miles. This line, with the exception o probably two miles, la wfretfly upon hi own land. It crosses tbe Chicago nm Indiana coal branch of tne Chicago am Eastern Illinois Railway at Knlmai station. The presumption Is that event ually the road will ba constructed oi north across the Knnkukec Klver t> Hebron station on the Pauhundlo Rail •way, and possibly there may be an lu GUfC-OItD's I.A.NDS. misses you a great deiil.V" liKjulred n lady of a com. nereial traveler. "Well, no. For n voniiin, tihe has a remarkably straight Im," was the reply. Answers. A scientist Isn't cum-ldi ivd (illinrt tliene ditys unle.su he Inv/ius tiiing Unit e.».ujt>dc« and k/IU at C.-OI.. OKOIIDKK. WA.RINO. and succeeded In checking the spread of the disease. This ojsiom has since been adopted In ninny cities In nil parts of the world. He also becnme prominent ns street conimlHsloiier In New York City during die administration of .Mayor Strong, and by his systematic work mnde the great metropolis one of Ihe cleanest cities lu the world. Col. Waring was undoubtedly the greatest siinltJiry engineer In (he country. He was the author of several works, ninny of which are text books In agricultural and sclontilie schools, It Is n strange coincidence that the father, mother, brother and three sisters of Col. Wnring's wife, who survives him, fell victims to yellow fever in New Orleans several years ago. mid the envy of tho whole State. Millions of tons of oro were taken out, money neciimulnted In the coffers of the stockholders nnd they waxed rich. Tho mining had proceeded for per- hups llfly feet below tho level of the mountain top, when one line morning the drill struck porphyry. When the Iron wus found to cucnd down on cither side of this formation not mych thought wns given to it, although ft luff a hole of many square ynrd» In extent In thu body of ore. Down further and thti oro began to branch off lutu side runulug a ibort distance j u jo Down I lie, Cantuln. A former eoimnodori'-nipUiln of a famous traiiH-At'liintle line, whilst friendly lind polite to his piiiw'engers when below, was very much the reverse If approached when on dirty, As he Imp. j/eiitvl to be 01. dc'-k oiifi fine afternoon, u lady, qultu'unawnre of ibis peculiarity, accosting him with some trilling query as to the probable duration of t lie favorable wnittbor, wns both surprised and Indignant to get curtly answered.' "Don't know, ma'am—don't know. Metier go and ask the cook." The lady, though t«kon somewhat aback, wus quite equal to tho occasion, mid rujolned: "Oh! I beg a tlioiixnud pardons. Kx- CUHC me, :>rny. 1 thought I was ml- Ilie cook." I'nli'ss you noon full off, «lr," said the lady In hi-r pony cart, who hnd iniido Severn) unsuccessful attempts to pass n persevei'lng lii'glnner nn a bi- r.rde oi'eiijiylilB Ihu wholn roud, "Pni afraid I shall miss my Iriiln."—Tlt-BHi. A clicup coat duti«n'{ 9, clteap iiiau, but U ; way nt tlme», Straight Tips for Bargain Hunters. 1. Oet up before sunrise nnd go without your breakfast. 2. Follow the crowd, always keeping lo the left. S. Klliow everybcdy like everything. 4. Hegln wiili the ban -mi-nt. Tilings are lower there than elsewhere. 5. Take elevator to sevonlocn'h floor, always forgetting to wait for your change. 0. Tnke elevator back lo hnsemont, always leaving your hist . pnrcluiso behind you. 7. Hegln nil over again. S. Keep tlii.s up for four or five hours, until you nre ready to fall In a fnlnt. ». Then, Instead of taking time to rest n bit and eat -It sensible Illtio -something, jus! bolt n couple of cli'iro- lale eclnirs nnd drink n •mixture of two or thn-o kinds of Ice cream soda. 10. Hegln where you left off, on'y don't buy anything the rest of the day. .Insf go In for samples, etc. 11. I-envo your umbrella somewhere or oilier-where you cnn't possibly locate It In (IT 12. Keep thin up until yon cnn't keep It up nny longer, 13. He sure to leave your pocketbook on the trolley and all your pack- nges In the'traln and— 14. I.nst, but not least- do the s-irno tiling all over again the following Monday. -Criterion. New Constituent!! oi tne Air. Professor Itnmsay and Morris Travel's keep on llnillng new i-onstl- liients III the air, In tln> emirse of their i-csenrolieM Into the nature of argon nt •I'nlvcrslty College, London. A few days ago we noted the discovery of ll:o new giiHcs; this occurred In lli|iii'l'.vlng nrgoii, and in » recent experiment another and solid innterliil wan frozen out of argon, which proved to have n complex spectrum, very different from thi 1 argon, and Ihcv named It motnruon. Thls,.snys rrofessor Itnmttn.v, has tho siimi 1 p' () . sltlon In regard to nrgoii thnt nickel IIIIM to ciibiill, biivlng Uic Kdinc ntii.nle weight, yet different properties, Xi-ou Ki'ems to be the Hnd they most pri/e, IIM they lit'lli've It io be the gns wllli Ihe density between argon and helium which rrnfessor Itnnihiiy hnd hunteil nf(er In vnln, as he said at the Toronto meeting of tlie HrltUli Ass-oela- tlon. "What nil,this slguiflos is m,t clear to the public, of course, nnd perhaps not ID thu scientist* |,ut limy nre looking for facts; some lime or other wbai the fuels menu will In pit rent."--Kpringiichl (Mass.) lien u. dependent lino on into Chicago without -egard to the Panhandle connection. It will run southeasterly to Moiioii station on the Monou Railway. Tho change lu this swamp region wrought by the system of canals is almost beyond belief. Within a year and a half lands which would mire a cow or a horse—In fact, lands where nu animal would go out of sight, where the muck was from three to six feet deep- have been made to produce, corn eight feet high; and a region wlileh wus a wilderness without population has been settled by over 100 families, bringing into this county an increase, ill population of 400 to 000 people. Mr. Glf- ford Is reputed, nt the present time, to be worth from $1,000,000 to $L',000,000, and has no family except u wife.—Chicago Chronicle. SHE IS A CLEVER WING SHOT. Twclve-Ycar-Old Girl Who lias Defeated Good MnrkHuicn, North Tnrrytowii, N. Y., Includes among its residents a girl who is probably tho best wing shot of her age In the world. Her numo Is Mamie Esther Hylnnd, she Is Just 12 years old, an even now she Is tho proud possessor o a record of which many experience shots would feel proud. She begn practice wilh tho shotgun when but 1 years old, the weapon she used the being a double-barreled 44-cnllbci weighing five pounds. With this wen] on she roamed through the woods 1: search of small game, iinl.ll one da; her father and some friends wer shooting at clay birds thrown froii traps. Mamie Induced .Mr. Hylnnd ti let her have a trial, when, much to thi surprise of everybody, she broke thro out-of the five she shot at. From tlin timo she devoted a great deal of alien tlon to trap shooting, in her first at jtempt the killed seven out of nine livt birds. The shotgun she now usei weighs but six pounds and she uses EIla-"Whcre does Bella got her good looks from—her father..-.or h,>r mother?" Stctlft—"Vrom liei 1 father. Ho keeps a drugstore."—Household W r ords. "Yes, sir," said the man In Cell 7it, "time wns when I WHS admitted to the very best homes." "And what brought you here?" "They caught mo coming out."—Tlt-Ults.' ' Hncon—Whnt do you thlnlcbfUid war so far? Egbert—Well, I think If tho American ouglo Isn't bourse It must have an unusually strong throat.— Yonkcrs Sla'tesmati. "Tho war," she said, reflectively, "brought about, or nt least hurried, a great ninny mnrrlnges." "True," ho replied, "but why dwell on the horrors of wnrV"--Chh.'iigo 1'ost. "That book will repny perushl." "Ig that so?" "When I started In on it I hud insomnia divnilfiilly; but nfiw reading It two evenings I found myself sleeping like nu Infant." Young Poet—Why do you refuse mo nij a, jon-in-ln.w? Is It because I hick merit? Paterfamilias—Oh, no; It Is simply 911 account of lack of space. Wo really crowded for room hero now. Jotisoti—Just see iiow hard Pobsoii Is working itt beating that carpet. .Mrs. Jobson—Yes. Mrs. Uobxon sets him at work at something of the kind Just nfter he rends the war news In the papers.—Brooklyn Life. Dolly—Pupa, do they got salt out of Salt Lake? Pupn—Yes, my dear, Inrgo quantities. Dolly—And ink out of tho BInck Sea? I'npa—-Vo; now keep quiet. Dolly—Yosslr—Art; there any women on the Isle of Man?—Truth.' Angry AVlfe—It seems to me, we've boon married a century. I cujn't even remember when or where we first met. Husband (emphatically)—I cap, It was at a dinner party where they'd were thirteen at table.—Chicago Dally News. She—How Is it Uint you sometimes show such masculine energy, and ngnlu such womanly Indecision? US—Oh, I suppose it is a matter of inheritance. You see, hulf of my ancestors were men and half were women!—Das;, Klelne Witzblatt. "Tho Blnkses, must buy everything on tho Installment plan." "Wlmt makes you think so?" "I henrd Jimmy Blnks ask his father whether their new baby would up'taken a way'If they couldn't keep up the payments,"—Chicago Record. Mrs. Oabb—Are you going to have your darter take music lessons? Mrs. Gadd—X-o, I guess not. She hain't no ear for music, airs. Gubb—Well, I wouldn't be discouraged at that; nmb- by she might learn to piny classic, anyhow.—New York Weekly. "I arn astonished." said the scoffer, "to hear you" compare our glorious country to a smnll boy getting his face. washed." "Me?" snld the oratorical patriot. "How? When?" "When you said it w.'is Impossible for the nation to stand still,-'—Indianapolis .Toiirna.1. "Lawd! Lawd!" exclaimed n pious colored brother, "but ain't de Bible couiin' true ev'y day! Ain't we got a Sampson lightin' for us? En ain't de word come clear 'cross de ocean dut le Xunlled States (big waves over de Philistines '/"—Atlanta. Constitution. After the Correction.—Papa'—Xaw, lohuny, 1 have whipped you only for •our own good.' I believe I hnve only lone my duty. Tell me truly, what'do •on think yourself? Johnny—If I hould tell you what 1 think you'd give me nnother whipping.—Boston Tran- cript. Mrs. Younglove—These women who write about "How Husbands .Should Jo Managed"—do you suppose they nauage their husbands any better ban wo do? Mrs. ISldors—Do I- —? Vhy, pshaw! child, don't you know hey haven't auy husbands?-—Brooklyn KBTHKH II VI,A.Ml TAKI.NO AIM. up- The favorite menus of transportation in Havana, is liy one-horse vie- lorlns, of which tbniv nre thousands. Two persons nro enabled lo go to nny point within thu city limit* for u pe- l»lo. which i« W]ml 4o wits. very light load, otherwise the recoil would bruise her. As a consequence some of the birds.she hits are ublo to got out of bounds or away entirely, Mr. Hylnnd has taught his clover daughter ninny trick shots with the rlllo, such us breaking .'.'winging balls, •shooting lu usual manner, also holding tho rlflo upside down on top of her head, shooting from right or loft •boulder, breaking balls tossed In tho air, breaking balls by sighting rlflo with aid of mirror, splitting a cord, suulUng a candle, holding rlllo In various position* and »evcral other difficult shots. On one occasion »ho broko twenty- three out of twunly-llve glass bull*, Gornellu* Vnudnrbllt, ^fr-Tit Work. For sonio months past Cornelius Van- derbUt, Jr., bus boon a hard-working employe In tho mechanical department of tho Now York Central Hall- road Company, receiving u very mod- oruto eulary. Whatever prevails In tho rule of the majority counts for auy- thing, _^__ "" brother True.—"What do you think of my usband't) poems, professor?" "I think hey will bo rend when those of Milton nd Longfellow are forgotten." "How Ice of you! But you are saying thnt only to please me, I'm afraid." "Nay, madam, I do but speak the simple .truth."—Truth. "Don't misunderstand me," snl'l Meandering Mike; "I nlu't down on work." "You don't seem to hare much affection fur It," replied Plodding Pete. "Yes, I hare. W&rk is a good t'lng. If it wasn't fur work, how would nil dean people git money to give us?"—Washington Kvenlug Star. "I suppose, Henry," said the old gentleman to tho new son-in-law, "thnt you are aware the check for fifty thousand dollars I put among your wedding presents was merely for effect." "Oh, 'yes, air," responded tho cheerful Henry, "and tho effect was excellent. .The bank cashed It this morning without a word."—Vanity Fair, Maude—I see you with Charley Totn- mlns a good deal, I begin to think you like him better than your soldier boy, Fred. Carrie—Charley Is ulcer onu way. Ho Is so good, you know. He writes all my loiters to Fred. That's something Freddy never did. I used to havo to write them mysulf."—Bos- ton Transcript. Scone—Suburban Villa.—Mistress Did any one cull w^hllo I was out? Servant—No one, ma'nm, exceptln' u tramp. He wanted someUiln' to oat, but I told him there wus uothln' ready, an' ho'd hnvo to wait till the leddy of tho housu gets back from tho cool: In' school, an' mebbe she'd make htm souiotbln'. Mistress—Of ull things! Did ho wait? Servant—No, mu'uui, ho ruunod! 'Now," said tho fussy old gentleman, tutting due of the blggbftt berrle* In its mouth and plcldag up another, 'what Is the. sabsc of-having tlmt sign •end 'Fresh: struwberrlus for suli)?* Joii't you sou that Tresli strawlhn-- 'Ics' would bo eii>ugh? Don't you sup)o»o that everybody knows they aro 'or Bale?" "I dunno," answered thu ;rocer; "some folks seem to think I'm glvln' them away." And tho old gen- lemnu put the berry back lu tho box.— Jostou Hull Ana Health. O. Uodfroy.Oiiuiel, tlio sclwillst, It bout to publlnh u book upon the uf- oets of salt In tho human body. Twoii- y years' study has led him to bellevo hat diphtheria, apoplexy and other Iseusi'B arc due to n delicloney of salt, Pollto Shopman (showlliH goods)— Ilej'o Is HouiHhhif 1 would lliiu to mil our fUtcutlon to, uiuduiu, U 14 tliu cry latest UiltlB out," Mrs. Uoumlur there'* Anything out tiWr then my busbaind I'll UHe It, II

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