Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on August 24, 1972 · Page 19
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August 24, 1972

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 19

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Alton, Illinois
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Thursday, August 24, 1972
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Page 19
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B-2 Alton Kvoning Telegraph Thursday. August 24, T.I72Nixon: Wound down war, stabilized economy, aided peace Bv DONALD SANDI.nS WASHINGTON (An Socking iv-oloction "to complotp Ihc work that \\v have begun." President Nixon will claim he has wound down the war in Vietnam, made historic overtures to Peking and Moscow, brought stability to the economy and been frustrated in other major programs by a nemovr.Mic Congress The war is assured of a major place in the campaign. Nixon's Democratic opponent. Sen. (ieorge S. MeGovem. has been one of its most persistent (Titles for years. When Nixon announced the start of U.S. troop withdrawals from Vietnam a little over four months after taking office, McGovorn termed the move tokenism that "doesn't fundamentally change the character of our involvement." He repealed the charge the week before the GOP National Convention opened. The Nixon presidency has seen a sharp change in the U.S. role. When he took office, more than 50(1.1)00 American servicemen were in Vietnam, now the total is less than 40.000. although there has been an increase in tho number stationed in nearby Thailand and with the 7th Fleet off the coast. Nixon emphasized Vietnamization — turning the fighting over to the South Vietnamese — and through his national security affairs adviser, Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, he engaged in a series of secret peace talks that he later revealed had been unsuccessful. Since April. U.S. planes have been mounting massive air attacks on the North, and on May 9 Nixon ordered North Vietnamese ports mined to prevent delivery of war supplies. There have been other charges, denied by the administration, that U.S. bombers have deliberately struck dikes and dams. Nixon campaigned for the White House saying he had a secret plan to end the war. His success or failure in redeeming that pledge is sure to be one of (he campaign's main themes. On the economic front, the Nixon camp also lays claim to progress since Lyndon Johnson left the White House. A degree of stability has been achieved under the wage-price controls Nixon imposed Aug. 15. 1!)71, after spurning them for years. Most recent indicators show thai in the second quarter of Ibis ypiir the economy grew at a rate of 8.9 per cent, inflation dropped to an ann'^'l rale of 2.1 per cent. Unemployment has edged down '.o around 5.5 per cent aftrr hanging at f> per cent for a year or more. Democrats argue that Nixon moved too late to impose controls, allowing prices to skyrocket and the jobless roils to swell. Nixon's imposition of \va f ^'price controls was his second bombshell within a month in the summer of 1071. lie told an astonished nation July 15 that he would go to Peking in early 1072 "to seek the normalization of relations between the two countries." In a broadcast from Los Angeles, he said arrangements had l>ccn made during a secret trip to China by national security advisor Kissinger. Then on Oct. 12, Nixon announced he would visit the Soviet Union for summit discussions with Russian leaders on all major issues. Both journeys look place as scheduled with public cordiality despite, in the case of the Moscow trip, the recent U.S. escalation of the air war over North Vietnam. Accompanied by more than 30 aides, President and Mrs. Nixon left for China last Feb. 17. They received a polite but restrained welcome, but the crowds warmed up later in the visit. The President held long talks with Chairman Mao Tse- tung and Premier Chou En- lai, and on Feb. 27 he and Chou issued an 1,800-word e o m m unique indicat'm; agreement on a need !'•>!• increased mutual contacts and eventual withdrawal of I'.S. troops from Nationalist China's Taiwan. During his Moscow stay, ihe President met with party Sec rotary Leonid I. Brezhnev, Premier Aleksei N. Kosygln, President Nikolai' V. P o cl g o r n y and Korean Minister Andrei A. Gromyko Nixon and Brezhnev signed two arms agreements which for the first lime put limitations on strategic weapons. Also signed wore other previously agreed upr-ii pacts for cooperation space, science, health environment. Podgorny, Brezhnev and Kosygin also accepted an invitation to visit the United Stales. Nixon addressed ;hi- Soviet people in a broadcast from Moscow, then paid vhiis to Leningrad and Kiev. At home. Nixon generally has maintained a low profile, leaving the sharp language of Ihe political wars to the man who again will be his running mate, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. The President held fewer news conferences than his predecessors o frocent years. There were 12 news confcr- nc.es in 1009, fi in 1970. 10 in 1071 and 5 in the first eight months of this year. Many were in his office or a briefing room without live coverage. Me has taken a long step toward remolding the Supreme Court into what lie regards as a strict constructionist stance toward the Constitution. But on the way he suffered two serious setbacks. His choice of Warren E. Burger to succeed the retiring Earl Warren as chief justice was quickly confirmed by the Senate, 74 to 3, on June 9, I960. Then following the resignation of Abe Forlas while under fire, Nixon on Aug. 18, I960, nominated U.S. appeals court Judge Clement F. Haynesworth Jr. of Green- ville, S.C., to IK justice. But questions were raised about llffynsworlli's judicial ethics and possible conflicts •'f interest. After months of hearings and debate, the Senate r e j e <• ( e d tho nomination ">."> to 45. On Jan. 1(1. 1970. the President nominated U.S. appeals court Judge (;. Harrold Carswell of Tallahassee. Fla.. to the vacant .seat. Opponents questioned whether Carswcll was a white supremacist and hostile to black lawyers without mu."h effect, and 'be Judiciary Committee voted 13 to 4 to approve him. Then on March Hi when debate opened, a principal backer. Son. Roman L. Hruska, K-Neb., mucle a remark he was later to regret when h was asked about allegations "there are a lot of mediocre judge. ''Even if he were mediocre." H rusk a said, "there a4e a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers, and they are entitled to a lilllc representation, aren't they'.'" Sen. Birch Bayh, D-lnd., led the fight which resulted in a major defeat for Nixon on April 8. The vote against confirmation was 51 to 45. Nixon said bitterly: "I cannot successfully nominate to the Supreme Court any federal appellate judge from the South who believes as I do in the strict construction of the Constitution." Nixon then turned to U.S. appellate Judge Henry A. Blackmun of Minnesota who was unanimously confirmed to fill the long empty Forhis seat. Two more vacancies developed in less than a week in September 1971. After 34 years of service, Justice Hugo L. Black. 85, resigned for health reasons and died a week later, two days after the resignation of Justice John J. Marian, 72. Nixon named Lewis F. Powell Jr., a lawyer from Richmond. Va., and William H. Hehnquist, an assistant attorney general, to the court. an associate Both were confirmed in LIVING ROOM Nylon Frieze 2 I'c. Modem LIVING ROOM . . By &ch\vie|{er 3 PC. SPANISH L R. By NijfhleiiKulo 2 PC. E. AMERICAN By Imperial 2 VELVET COUCHES By Imperial 1-2 PC. VELVET L. R. ONLY $ 98.98 $349.00 $269.95 $259.95 $219.00 DINETTES Bronze Tone 7 PC. DINETTE By Louisville $1 (9.00 Ko>:il Texture 5 PC. DINETTE With Swivel Chairs .... $289.95 Avociulo 5 PC, DINETTE With Drummer Chairs .... $59.90 COLONIAL MAPLE 5 PC. DINETTE .... $179.00 7 PC. DINETTE EBONY OAK TABLE & WINE PERU CHAIRS $101.00 BEDROOM ONLY $269.95 $359.95 8 1'c. SPANISH BEDROOM . MODERN BEDROOM , PROVINCIAL BEDROOM $339.95 MEDITERRANEAN . . $359.95 1 Colonial CA-lft AE HIDE-A-BED . . . $219.95 MISCELLANEOUS 4 Drawer Cliest MODERN WALNUT . Ki'iiieo MutU-ltekl Mattress & Box Springs Solid Maple Wunon Wheel or SPINDLE BUNK BEDS MISC. NIGHT STANDS (lihson Air Sweep AIR CONDITIONER . $10.88 49 X, $89.95 $14.95 ti.miu- 20,000 B.T.I'. THIS SALE ONLY! HEAVY 501 DUPONT NYLON CARPET. INSTALLED OVER HEAVY RUBBER PADDING. TACKLESS INSTALLATION ONLY $ 5 $C95 BETHALTO FURNITURE & CARPET CENTER 561 Logan St.-(l Block North Off Route No. 140) Bethalto, III.-Ph. 377-5765 early Do.'ember. The complexion of Nixon's Cabinet has changed markedly. Of the 12 original members, only four remain: Secret a rie s William P. Rogers. Slate: Mclvin R. L a i r d , Defense: George Romney, Housing: and John A. Volpc. Transportation. The Cabinet post of postmaster general has been abolished. Democrat John 15. Connally has come and gone as secretary of the Treasury and the remaining jobs have changed hands once. Some of the former Cabinet, members remain in the administration. However, the only sign of rancor in the switches was Nixon's dismissal on Thanksgiving eve in Id70 of Waller J. llickcl as secretfnv of the Interior. Another long confirmation hassle followed Nixon's nomination of Richard G. Klein- dicnst last Feb. 15 to succeed John N. Mitchell as attorney general. Mitchell resigned to head the re-election campaign, but nas since left that post at the urging of his wife, Martha. The Kleindiensl hearings dragged on for six months while senators heard inconclusive and often contradictory testimony regarding his role if any in the dropping of an antitrust action against International Telephone & Telegraph Corp. There were allegations, likely to be heard again in the campaign, that the action was dropped when an ITT subsidiary pledged a hefty contribution toward the expenses of the Republican National Convention, then scheduled for San Diego, Calif. Kleindienst was finally confirmed, 64 to 19, on June 8. There were other crises of wider and more lasting impact, notably the major U.S.- South Vietnamese offensive into Cambodia announced by Nixon on April 30, 1970. He said its purpose was to clear out enemy sanctuaries and to locate and destroy the command headquarters for the entire enemy operation in "outh Vietnam, which was never found The offensive was of limited duration, with U.S. troops pulling out (June 29. But the Senate voted to bar future Cambodia actions without congressional approval, the first limitation ever voted on a president's powers as commander-in-chief in a war situation. Antiwar forces reacted strongly across the country with calls for student strikes and massive demonstrations. At a demonstration at Kent State University in Ohio, four students were killed when 100 National Guardsmen fired rifles into a group of students and others. Protests eventually disrupted an estimated one-third of the college and university campuses in the country. Nixon held his first full- scale news conference in more than three months to defend the operation, conferred with leading educators and with 46 governors. When a hastily organized protest attracted some 60,000 to 100,000 antiwar demonstrators to the capital May 8, the White House was turned into an armed camp behind a bumper-to-bumper wall of transit buses. Another major demonstration in early May 1971 brought more than 200,000 persons dedicated to shutting down the capital. The effort failed; but in the process there were mass arrests of some 12,000 persons which later were held illegal by the court. In his relations with Congress, Nixon has complained that no action has been taken on nearly WO of his proposals, notably revenue sharing with the states and his family Assistance plan to overhaul the welfare system. He has gotten much that he sought in the way of tax legislation, clean air and water bills, aid to education — in some cases after vetoing bills he regarded as excessive — public service employment program, and a bigger boot than he sought in Social Security benefits. After a four-month debate In 1969, his plan to deploy the Safeguard antiballistic missile system survived a crucial test in the Senate by a lone vote. Congress finally refused in March 1971 after months of infighting to vote the $290 million the administration asked to continue develop- ment of a U.S. supersonic transport or SST. Law for today I have seen advertisements for do-it-yourself wine-making kits. Are these legal in Illinois and is there any limit to how much you can make? A. The wine making kits are perfectly legal but there is indeed a limit on private home production. The maximum allowed is 200 gallons of tax-free wine a year. Moreover, you must register (Form 1541) with the U.S. Treasury Department's Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Tax Division. Only a head of the household may register and the wine must be for private use and not for sale. —Illinois State Bar Assn. Sears] VALUE DAYS In Downtown Alton 75,000 BTU Space-Saver Gas Furnace SAVE *30.98 Regular *169 ,98 139 Highboy model. Automatic gas pilot cutoff turns off gaa to burner and pilot if pilot flame goes out. Built-in draft diverter. Air filter included. Self-eleamng burner. With heavy-gauge steel heal exchanger. 8209.98 100,000 « « OTA BTLGHM.Space.Savcr * 1 7*1 Dial SEARS Weatherline 466-2272 O/V SALE Thursday thru Saturday Use Soars Easy Payment Plan Super 15 Furnace Mount Humidifier .St I >?.>.!« Kef:. 74 88 I \n|mrnlr- ii|i in I .~> uallim* nf vtnlrr limit, \ilju. nil,I, (Iniil-Miltr -,,,,i,l, nrtiin-l nvri fln\t. 4-(lvc'le Dishwasher « with Exclusive Roto-Rack Sears 3V 2 HP Shredder-Bagger C5C5 Aluminum 3-Trark Slorin Windows .s 111 $2 S \VI S 10.98 10 199 S\VF»23.IO Reg. $132.98 109 88 Freewheeling |)i>rlul>lf ret|uiren no installation, fun etii.il \ hi- converted into a built-in. Powerful 2-levcl wat>h arlinn. !.">() Saiii-\&a»li and upper re\ol\ing Kolo-Kaek. W liil«-. 4 '.tilor* #5 extra. I he ea»y nay to rid your yard of leave* and garden wane without burning. Shredding blade, nhred organic wane reducing bulk up to 90%. Two large wheel, for easy muting. »I a».i»8«.|||> Shredder. Baiter uiih bajiKiiig •Mnebineiu SHOP A Or TSKAKS AM) SANK ^ niir MOIICN Hack dJb Sears ARS, ROEBUCK AND 3 Alt co I'hoi 159.88 >\ Junk- ilu- Puoh M 1-oining! j|e'» ruining tu your Alton Sears store August 25th and August 26th! 309 Piasa Alton. Illinois Open Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday 0:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Open 2 Nights A Week- l Monda> and Friday *>:(M) a.m. to 9:00 p.m.

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