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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19,1963 Editorials . . , What we think about... Tax Probl^i...Water ...Dramshop Tightrope Might Be Colossal Gamble The country faces a big question. Some might call it a colossal gamble. Shall we go along wtih President, Kennedy and his advisers in their contention that the kind of income tax cut they propose can stimulate enough business to head off our next regular recession? The President made an impassioned plea over the air last night in behalf of the tax reduction — which would be welcome to most except that some fear economic repercussions. It's difficult to understand how a nation can keep one paying its bills with less coming in than has to go out. Anyone likes to have his tax bill cut — as long as it doesn't represent a major danger to the public welfare. Mr. Kennedy followed a familiar pattern of reasoning in his appeal last night. It dates back to the days of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The theory, now familiar over the years, is that a reduction in income taxes will leave enough on each man's payroll to increase appreciably direct spending by the public. Is It Enough? He used as an illustration the $6,000 salary of a man with an average sized family, estimating it would save him $150 a year — a sum that might buy a new electric vacuum cleaner, or perhaps go a long way toward paying for an electric washer or an outboard motor. The demand, of course, would build up national production and increase employment. The President must have had a staff of statisticians who could have provided fuller supporting data and trace the buildup of the effect through the added spending of the added employment payrolls. The theory of a tax cut calculated to stimulate our economy has been going the rounds for years. Occasionally our tax rates have been readjusted downward, but never avowedly to create employment by stimulating buying power. The effect of the two drives working together will be interesting to watch. We hope the payroll expansion will have the extra effect of relieving our intcrratial employment problem, too. Godfrey Wants a Word, too Alton and Godfrey now arc vying for the op- portunity of buying out the Alton Water Co.'s local equipment. Until Godfrey entered the picture, the community lacked a dramatic illustration of the utility's broad expanse of service and some of the questions that might be created by the city's assumption of the properties. Now Godfrey reminds that the city is charging a higher rate to out-of-town sewer users than to municipal residents. It might also point to cases where other cities and villages operating their own water plants follow a similar practice of discriminating against non-residents — if you can call it. discrimination when members of the firm get special discounts. That, after all, is what Altonians are with regard to the sewer plant, for instance. They pay not only use fees, but also have a General Obligation Bond issue to support by property taxes. Flexible District the Answer? As for the water company operation, we can see the possibility of recognizing the large area over which the company spreads its service by establishing a district organization to operate it. Special state enabling legislation doubtless would be necessary to make possible the establishment of such a district. The district already would extend into at least two counties — Madison and Jersey. But such a district would include a much larger amount of property to underwrite the cost of the purchase. It would relieve Alton taxpayers considerably of a bonded debt burden on their property. We can see the advisability of such a district •*•* with the added understanding that it would be enlarged automatically to cover whatever new area it might overrun in the future. And then of course there's always the Illinois-Missouri Bi-State Development Agency. Why the Combination? Citizens at first glance, may be mystified as to why the office of license collector and Sanitation inspector functions are combined at City Hall. Now the question arises as Leo Fitzgerald, incum- ment of the double post for many years, becomes ill and unable to perform his duties for the time being. Earlier it was little more than natural to combine the two functions. A good many of the city's ordinances requiring licenses wen; cased on the principle of using the fees, theoretically* to finance health protection services 0f the city. . ; One of the earlier ones was that for liquid Inilk deliveries and processing. Licensing Wfts for the purpose, of policing, and policing involved inspecting. Now the functions of the license collector-sanitary inspector, however, should be re-analyzed. They have become increasingly pressing, particularly with the municipal garbage collection program. Mayor Day is correct in bringing the problem to the fore. Spot on Tavern Tightrope The spotlight is at last thrown on another section of the tightrope which a tavern operator must walk. The city is taking action against a tavern which it held provided insufficient light in its interior. The case of Bob & Lee's tavern, whose operators agreed to remain closed 30 days at orders of the city liquor commission, is not completely unique. Others have felt the pressure to light up J:heir places better, and the defendants in this case are not without their argument. Others should feel the pressure. The commission would be performing an act of kindness to all its liquor license owners by establish, ing and maintaining lighting standards for dramshops. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum $700 Per Window Did you ever start to do one thing, then start "dawdling" and end up doing something else? I did. Hence this letter. I started checking my expenses for my fall repairs and getting ready for winter, not to mention housecleaning with an eye to new drapes in the living room. Then this article in the Wall Street Journal caught my eye. It was about draperies for the new $131,500,000 Congress office building. They will drape 50 windows at a cost of $37,350, or $700 per window. David Lawrence Day of Mourning For Victims? WASHINGTON - President Kennedy has been asked by members of Congress to proclaim soon a day of mourning for the four Negro children killed in the bombing of a church in Birmingham last Sunday. This is a step that would emphasize the nation's profound regret that such a tragedy could have happened. It would, however be fitting if the president also asked the American people to mourn for all the victims — white and Negro ...— who have died as a result of racial disturbances in recent months. The records show that, in the space of a few months, deaths of four whites as well as nine Negroes or a total of 13 persons, have occurred. As yet, no one has been convicted in any of these cases. There have been 21 bombings in Birmingham alone in the past eight years, but the one last Sunday was the first in which anyone was killed. This has given rise to the theory that the dynamiting was intended primarily to terrorize because in every church bombing except the last the bombs exploded either before or after services. A news dispatch from Birmingham says that some white leaders have accused Negroes- of being responsible tor the bombings to gain national attention for their cause. But thus far the American people have no way to fix the responsibility for these bombings. There has been a lot of loose talk — some of it bordering on libel — mentioning certain public officials as "responsible" for the murder of children at the Birmingham church. The killings in recent months have occured under differing circumstances but usually in connection with "demonstrations" or riots, thus raising the question as to whether public demonstrations under highly emotional circumstances are really useful. Protests at public meetings gain publicity just the same as street "demonstrations," but it is the latter which become provocative because there are still many citizens who do not understand the right of petition and resent the expression of views with which they don't agree. But, in order to introduce a spirit of mutual understanding and in the hope that the processes of reason will be substituted for violence and threats of violence, a day of mourning proclaimed nationally by the president could have constructive results. Every family — both white and Negro — which has suffered a loss deserves the sympathy and compassion of the nation. In the news dispatches for the last 12 months, the following deaths have been noted: Whites Sept. 30, 1962 — French Newsman Paul Guihard and television repairman Walter R. Gunter, of Oxford, Miss., slain during riot at the University of Mississippi. Unsolved. April 23, 1963 — Baltimore Postman William L. Moore shot to death near Gadsden, Ala., while staging a one-man "Freedom Walk" to deliver letter to Governor Barnett of Mississippi, urging racial moderation. June 6,1963 — Fred Link, 24, automobile mechanic, killed by a rifle bullet fired into a crowd of whites during a riot at Lexington, N.C. Negroes June 13, 1963 — Civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, shot from ambush in driveway of home at Jackson, Miss. Aug. 10, 1963 — Serina Taylor, 14, killed at Jersey City, N.J., by a shotgun blast fired by white man. One white charged with murder, a second with assault with intent to kill. Girl killed as she stood on steps of house talking to friends. Sept. 4, 1963 — John D. Coley. 20, killed by bullet in the neck during rioting that broke out in Birmingham after home of Negro attorney Arthur Shores was bombed for second time in two weeks. Sept. 15, 1963 — Four Negro girls — Cynthia Wesley, 14, Denise McNair, 11, Carol Robertson, 14, Addie Mae Collins, 14 — killed by bomb blast in 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham. Virgil Wade, 13, was killed while riding bicycle just outside Birmingham. Johnny Robinson, 16, died from shot fired by a policeman after Robinson was ordered to stop throwing rocks at whites' cars. (O 1863, N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) Since I am a retired drapery maker, I was amazed at these figures. Perhaps they lined them with gold. We do have a shortage in gold. Then too, I've been eying a worn spot in my rug and wondering about prices. Now I see where the government just paid $1,860 for a new rug for the agency's office in Toyko. Oriental for the Orient, I suppose. I am also considering the price of a new lock on my garage door, it seemed expensive until I read where the underground garage in the new Congress building will cost $8 million. They talk vaguely of cutting down on government spending, but instead, it continues to grow. Congressional Record sheets cost $90 per page, yet they are crammed with useless data. For instance Rep. Tuck, a Democrat from Virginia, inserted pages and pages of the report of his home county Farm Bureau, of which six pages would cost $540. The totaling of these figures really startled me to the point where I find I can get by With my old drapes, with dye, and the worn spot on my rug would lock well with a throw rug over it. As for the lock on my garage door, a hammer and few nails will fix that. We don't ask what the country can do for us. We only ask for time enough to save a little to help the government continue its present rate of spending. Does all this make sense to the average citizen? LUCY E. HAGAN 216 S. 13th St. Wood River, 111. Strictly a Religion I would like to settle the mistaken belief of Mrs. Bode that Judiasm is a nationality rather than a religion. Being a Jew is the same as being an Episcopalian or a Presbyterian as far as nationality is concerned. Judism is a religion, just as Christianity is a religion. Jews are found as citizens of most countries of the world, as are Christians. For a Jew who converts to Christianity to be called a "Jew" after conversion is as false as to call a person who was once a Baptist but changed to a Methodist — a "Baptist." A person of Jewish or Christian faith may be a citizen of almost any country, if such a person changes his religion, he certainly does not lose his citizenship. LARRY TRATTLER 606 Payne, Wood River, 111, Forum Writers,Note Writer's names and addresses must be published with letters to the Reader* Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. ! IF IT DOESN'T WOBVC WE'LL TRY n.«r Victor Riesel Canadian-lLS. Labor War WASHINGTON, D.C. — A frequently bloody international war between Canadian and American labor forces has become the mystery phenomenon of the moment. Insiders here have been amazed by the number of heads of state, cabinet members and foreign service people who work night and day on what appears to be simply the settlement of a strike affecting a few of Canada's 110 freighters. President Kennedy has given this war of the waterfronts the highest priority. No Cabinet member is exempt from his directive. This feud between Canadian and American maritime unions has become so intense that it has involved, in the past few months, the President of the U.S., Prime Minister Lester Pearson of Canada, the Canadian Parliament itself, Secretary of State Dean Rusk, Canadian External Affairs Minister Paul Martin, Under Secretary of State Averell Harriman, Canadian Minister of Labor, Allan MacEachen and his deputies, Attorney-General Robert Kennedy, the FBI, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and many national labor leaders of both countries. Willard Wirtz has been to Can- ada twice, on peace missions. Once the emergency was so pressing he flew home from St. Louis via Ottawa. Canadian cabinet members have flown here three times. What has motivated all this international turbulence which has created a greater stir than Cleopatra? The story begins in 1948 Several of Canada's labor leaders came down to Washington. They reported that the Communists had become a power in their maritime industry. The security of Great Lakes shipping was involved. Transport of vital iron ore from Labrador to key steel mills could have been paralyzed by political strikes. Transshipment of wheat could have been halted and the Canadian economy crippled. The Canadians asked American labor leaders to recommend a tough, hard-fisted, free-swinging man to drive out the Communists. Tiiey got him. He was and is, Hal Banks, He has a tough record, including many arrests. He became head of the Canadian district of the Seafarers' International Union whose headquarters are in New York City. He drove out the Communists. He began expanding. Then one of Canada's big labor organizations, the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport and General Workers, decided to drive him out of the country. This very significantly is a very unusual kind of union in Canada. It is not affiliated with any U.S. union. It is purely Canadian. It is opposed to having Canadian unions headquartered in the U.S., led by Americans, following U.S. policy. The Canadian Brotherhood wants to drive Hal Banks out of Canada. But that is not really why so much of our nation's top leadership is worried. What is internationally vital here is the revolt by powerful forces north of the border against the AFL-CIO affiliation. These "Canada first" men want to take a million Canadian unionists out of the AFL-CIO. They want to be cut loose from American labor. The Canadians, with their new successful socialist-labor party, don't want to be tied to U.S. policies — either at home or internationally. So they are pressuring their Prime Minister to pressure our President to pressure the U.S. Seafarers to get out of Canada — or else. . . Allen-Scott Report Mystery Blast In Antarctic WASHINGTON — The U.S. has detected an explosion in the Antarctic which looked suspiciously like a nuclear test conducted either in the atmosphere or under that continent's ice shelf. Acoustic, or sound, signals from the explosion resembled those from most other nuclear shots detected by this country's worldwide detection system, including three recent atmospheric tests inside the Soviet Union. The "mystery" blast, which occurred in the Antarctic region due south of Cape Town, South Africa, was larger than most produced by chemical explosions, although comparatively small for a nuclear test. Since the explosion was first detected late in August, the Joint Air Force Atomic Energy Commission patrols have been watching closely for a radioactive cloud, but have found none.. The explosion has so baffled U.S. nuclear detection authorities that President Kennedy ordered the State Department to invoke the inspection provisions of the 1S59 ^treaty that set aside t he Antarctic continent for "peaceful purposes only." Each of the 12 treaty signers, including the Soviet Union, are now being notified by the State Department through diplomatic channels that U. S. inspection teams are preparing to make ground, air, and sea inspections throughout the Antarctic. News of the explosion has been a closely held secret, while the experts and administration officials seek to sort out their puzzlement and e.ttempt to obtain additional information. As reported in this column on Sept. 16, Lf.S. nuclear scientists have confirmed that three explosions detected in the S o v i e t Union since June 11 were nuclear tests in the atmosphere. Some U.S. intelligence authorities believe that the Soviets may be experimenting in these tests to find out what the U.S. thres-, hole of detection for atmospheric and underwater testing is. U.S. intelligence authorities are forecasting that Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko will announce a withdrawal of troops Allen Scott from Russia's East Berlin Garrison, and invite the U.fi. to follow suit in West Berlin. The Soviets are quietly pulling some of their troops out of the walled-in East Berlin in what appears to be a prelude to a cutback in that Communist-controlled city. The big joker In the Soviet withdrawal is that the Russian troops are being reassigned to areas only 10 to 20 miles from East Berlin. In contrast, a pullout of U.S. troops from West Berlin would mean a withdrawal of more than 120 miles to West Germany. In case of an emergency, the U.S. troops would have to cross territory controlled by Communist East German and Soviet troops. U.S. officials believe that Gromyko's announcement is being timed psychologically to coincide with demands being raised in the Senate to cut back on U.S. forces in West Germany to relieve the gold drain. White House aides report that, while President Kennedy is opposed to any large-scale pull-out of U.S. troops from West Berlin, he would be willing to negotiate a reduction in exchange for new Soviet guarantees to lessen tensions in West Berlin by taking down the wall that now separates the two cities. (© 1963. The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) Today's Prayer Most gracious Father, with humble hearts we acknowledge all the way by which Thou hast led us. We lament that we have given Thee so little cause to love us. Each day we provoke Thy patience by unworthy thoughts, by anxious cares and fears, and by honoring Thee with our lips while our hearts are far from Thee. In Thy great mercy forgive us the past. Give us grace to mend our lives and help us this day to walk before Thee worthily; for Thy name's sake. Amen. —Joseph R. Sizoo, Washington, D.C., professor of religion, George Washington University. <© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. 3. A.) A LTON E VENEVG TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press The Audit Bureau .of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, HI. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 ft year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; S18 In all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and National advertising repre- contract information on ap- sentatlve: The Branham plication at Telegraph bust- Company, New York, Chlca- ness office, 111 East Broad- go, Detroit, and St. Louli. way, Alton, Illinois. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEI'TKMBKR 10, 1938 Louis Degenhardt, manager of the Group Hospital Association, said Alton may have established a record among all such organizations in surpassing within three months a membership goal expected only after six months' operation. The registration cited did not yet include the four largest industries in the urea: Owens- Dlinois, Western Cartridge, Shell Oil, and International Shoe. Five prisoners who sawed their wuy out of Madison County jail were captured uml returned to (heir cells. Steel towers 38 feet high were being creeled on the south Hide of Broadway at Langdon to carry the new neon sign marking entrance to the Clark Bridge. Edwardsvillu's City Council approved an ordinance licensing mercantile firms operating through sample dis- play or catalogue solicitation of orders. License fees were $25 per day, $200 per week, or $250 per month, or a $200 yearly fee. East Alton's village board enacted an ordinance that would raise the license fee for junk yard operators from $10 to $50 and require enclosure by a high fence. It restricted the number of yards to two. Alton Presbytery appointed an extension field work* er, the Rev. Earl Miller, who would also serve as pastor of Carlinville church. Rev. Miller formerly had been shared in a similar capacity by three presbyteries. The body's action gave tacit endorsement to its representatives to the Illinois synod of the Presbyterian Church who opposed assessment of a synod-wide per capita tax to finance a state-wide extension worker. Robert L. Goulding had qualified as a registered jeweler of the American Gem Society. He had done postgraduate work at Washington University, St. Louis. State Rep. Richard J. Lyons of Libertyville, candi- date for the United States Senate from Illinois, addressed a "whooping, Amening, Republican revival that packed City Hall auditorium." He assailed the inefficiency of the relief system and flayed state payrollers. Melvin Gatther, 12, one of three children who had been struck by a car while sitting on a curbing, was dis- nlissed from St. Joseph's Hospital where he had been a patient a week. 50 Years Ago SKPTUMBEK 19, 1913 Bloodhounds were brought here from Springfield for the third time within a month in an effort to solve a burglary. This time police called for the dogs because of a burglary at the Kittinger store on College Avenue in the Upper Alton business district. The dogs arrived about 11 a.m. but, on taking the trail at the store, soon became confused by groups of home-bound school children. Use of the dogs then was deferred until afternoon at suggestion of their handler. D. B. Kittinger reported a dozen or more pairs of shoes and several boxes of underwear had been taken from the store. The burglars gained entry by breaking out a front window. Conpofdift Turning society had gone on the inactive list. Interest of members had waned, and the only active element left in the organization was the White Hussar Band. Maintenance of a gymnasium had been discontinued. The White Hussars had rented the second floor of the Gill Building on E. 2nd Street for a headquarters and rehearsal hall. The third floor was to be available for dances as it was in former years. James J. Mullen, former state factory inspector, had been offered another appointment as a state inspector, but had decided to decline. He preferred to remain in the position he had been holding for the past year in per- sonnel work for Illinois Glass Co., he said. W. T. Loudon, superintendent of the Alton railroad bridge, announced that a contract had been made with Federal Signal Co. for the new interlocking switch plant on the Alton approach to the bridge. A signal engineer of the Wabash Railroad was here to confer with him in a review of the plans. Smoke filled the Stork Laundry in Upper Alton but only trifling damage was done when a collar of some patent material took fire in an ironing machine. Laundry employes got the blaze snuffed out before the fire could spread. Standard Oil Co. was advertising for 200 men whose services were to be needed in making planned additions to the Wood River refinery. Pay offered was $2 a day. Midland Coal and Supply Cp. had been incorporated ,by E. A. Clapp, A. C. Harris, and E. J. Lockyer, and was to take over former quarters of Western Coal & Supply Co.