Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa on July 13, 1961 · Page 5
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Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa · Page 5

Fayette, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, July 13, 1961
Page 5
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Communicating ideas Can be difficult In an old-time parlor game, players sitting in a long line were asked to repeat a sentence made up by a player on one end. Usually by the time the sentence got to the other end of the line, it bore little resemblance to the original idea. Most of us tend to believe that we are much better at communicating our ideas to others than were the players of this old-fashioned game. Yet problems in getting across our real intentions and meanings to others, particularly in on-the-job situations can be staggering, says Piv;fessor Henry H. Albers of the State University of Iowa. Professor Albers. who is an associate profcsn r of labor and WHOLESALE Feeds and Ingredients CUSTOMIZED FEEDS 16% Pig Starter - Grower $4.70 14% Pig Grower 4.20 12% Hog Finisher 3.70 16% Sow Feed 4.00 35% Hog Supplement 4.80 16% Chick Grower 4.20 17% All Math Layer 4.10 20% Cafeteria Egg Mash 4.30 16% Dairy Feed 3.70 CWT. TON $90 $80 $70 $76 $92 $80 $78 $82 $70 INGREDIENTS CWT. TON O. P. Soybean Meal $4.55 $89.00 Solvent Soybean Meal 4.30 84.00 O. P. Unseed Meal 3.80 74.00 Solvent Linseed Meal 3.50 68.00 Cottonseed Meal 4.20 82.00 60% Tankage 5.50 108.00 50% Meat Scraps 5.50 108.00 50% Protein Blend 5.30 104.00 Wheat Middlings 2.60 50.00 Wheat Bran 2.40 46.00 Dehyd. Alfalfa Meal 2.80 54.00 ALL PRICES F.O.B. FAYETTE Terms. Net Cash. Prices Effective to July 20 NUTRI-PAK COMPANY management, is the author of a book which includes several chapters on communication problems — "Organized Executive Action: Decision - Making, Communication, and Leadership." The SUI professor points out that a first step toward solving somu of the major problems of communication is simply getting an understanding of what they are. Distortion of information by the person giving it often is not intentional. Professor Albers explains. Subordinates may unconsciously distort facts which they send up the line to make their performances look good to superiors. The worker is inclined fo take the sting out of failures by withholding and slanting information and by emphasizing unduly any successes he has. The boss may be partly responsblc for reluctance of workers to bring bad news, since his employes may have learned that when happy he gives rewards and when unhappy he exacts penalties, Professor Albers says. Another communication problem stems from the fact that workers often read into the boss's messages far more than he intends. Either written or oral messages from high levels in the factory or office hierarchy tend to get close scrutin due to workers' u ncern with pcssible effects on their working conditions or welfare. "The most casual remark or the failure to greet a subordinate can cause elation and satisfaction or anxieties and frustration," Professor Albers explains. More and more details are generally left out as information Phone US Fayetie, Iowa BERNS ALL PURPOSE 20 inch 3 - Speed FAN $20 95 5 Year Guarantee HAMILTON HARDWARE Phone 46 Maynard, Iowa flows from the botti:m to th>- top of the job hierarchy. But many details are added during clown- ward flow of information. A great deal of unintentional distortion can occur as information passes upward or downward from level to level. "There are many different ways to summarize and interpret information, and no twn people will come out with i x actly the same set > f winds in describing a situation." Professor Albers notes. "In extreme cases, top executivi s may he completely cut off from the realities of operations, and bolt, m executives may have no appreciation of the problems at higher levels." The most desirable techniques for giving orders to wrrkers will vary with the kinds of personalities involved, the social situation and the circumstances under which they are given. The use of such words and phrases as 'Please,' 'Would you (V- this for me' and 'I would appreciate' work wonders with many subordinates, but a tough construction worker might respond better to an order prefa'-ed by a little lusty swearing," Professor Albers says. "Soldiers expect the sergeant to behave like a sergeant, not like the manager of a haberdashery." A request made by the boss doesn't offend the sensitive worker, while a direct order rf- ten antagonizes him, Professor Albers points out. And n request may relax the hard-boiled subordinate, so it is worth trying before giving a direct order. Giving an implied or suggestive order is a good way to try out a promising employe and put him on his own. Courtesy, tact and finesse are frequently mere effective than a direct approach to giving orders, but executives should not become "wishy-washy" in dealings with workers, the SUI professor notes. "Subordinates generally expect the superior to give orders and behave like a leader." Current issues in trade Restrictions discussed Tariff reduction or removal is not a remedy for all tl.e world's ills, but neither can the United States afford to maintain protective tariffs which will isolate the U. S. in the world of the sixties, says State University of Iowa Professor Paul H. Olson. Professor Olson's discussion of U. S foreign trade policy appear, in the spring quarterly issue 01 Iowa Business Digest. "Current Problems in Foreign Trade" is the topic of the special issue of the Digest, which is published by the SUI Bureau of Business and K:i nomic Research. The head of the SUI economics department continues that as we attempt to mould a trade program consistent with the broad objectives of our over-all foreign policy, we should not lose sight of certain realities: First, we must maintain our national security; second, we need to continue making foreign investments; third, the underdeveloped countries merit our consideration; and fourth, we want to continue expansion < f our national product. However, a tariff, no matter how e nsidered by the varied interests affected, is purely and simply an interferance with the free market, Pn fessor Olson con' :mies. On purely economic grounds, tlu principle of specialization and division of labor sets up a strong ease for unrestrained exchange of goods. "There are those' who say that conditions of relatively unrestric- ted international trade 'may be all right in theory, but not in practice 1 in the 20th century world of tension and insecurity," Olson says. We face increased competition from Western European countries and Japan, whose economic recovery we have aided, he points out. "Certainly, the rigors of international competion result in injury to some domestic producers, but if expanded world trade is in the international interest it may also be a part of national responsibility to foster new plans to aid such industries in their adjustment to such competition," states Olson. COMPLETE PROTECTION AUTOMOIILI PUBLIC TRUCKS FARM LIAIILITY GENERAL LIAIILITY WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION FIDELITY AND SURETY BONDS ACCIDENT AND HEALTH HOSPITALIZATION State Auto and Casualty Undtrwrlttr* DIS MOINES, IOWA EARL SCHNEIDER Insurance Agency COMPLETE INSTALLATION ON ALL TYPES OF FURNACES If you're thinking of installing Natural Gas in your home, call us now for free estimates. We guarantee our work and service. Donald Vandersee PLUMBING and HEATING Enjoy the double leisure of a combination "It's like having a us line navmg a DWDTPFD A TAD supermarket right in ItCif JtlurJCiIUi 1 UJLv your own homer FRFF7EP \ ... it's a refrigerator! ... it's a freezer!" , IOWA LISTENING LOG Monday Thru Saturday Sunday • ENJOY DOUBLE DUTY... DOUBLE BENEFITS! Don't "make do" with let*, when a combination electric refvigera- tor-fre«ser gives you super-market convenience. Buy now ... tavt lattr. Cook now,., urvt lattr. Save time, work, money ... thii modern way with a w»frigerator*ree»er. Morning — See Your ELECTRIC APPLIANCE Dealer Today! 5:00 Farmer's Radio Almanac 5:25 Weather 5:30 Farmer's Radio Almanac 5:55 Weather 6:00 Farmer's Radio Almanac 6:30 News 7:00 Sports 7:10 Music 7:15 Weather — Music 7:30 News 8:00 Music 8:30 News 9:00 Music 10:00 News — Markets 10:30 Music 12:00 Markets — News Afternoon — 12:30 *Music With News On the Hour 12:50 Chicago Markets 5:00 News 5:15 Baseball Scoreboard 5:30 How's Fishing . 5:35 Music Evening — 6:00 News and Sports 6:30 Polka Party 7:15 Weather 7:20 "Baseball 10:00 News 10:15 Music to Sign Off Morning — 6:00 News Music — Weather and Religious Programs 8:00 News 8:15 Music — Religious Programs 10:00 News 10:15 Music 11:00 Religious Service 12:00 Music Afternoon — , 12:30 News -~ 12:45 Chapel By The Side Of the Road 1:00 'Baseball 5:00 News r « 5:15 Music Evening — 6:00 News " 6:15 Music V- 1 10:00 News 10:15 Music to Sign Off * * Milwaukee Braves Baseball is heard daily on KOEL. Week-day games begin at 1:15 P. M. • COMPANY In M« feftra* tf ToM ei»titrto Uvhif MORE PEOPLE LISTEN TO KOEL THAN LISTEN TO ALL OTHER STATIONS IN THE AREA. THEY LISTEN BY CHOICE. X

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