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B-6 Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday. AURURI 23 Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday, August 23, 1972 B-7 Summer visitor Resident peacock displays his finery as he struts around the stranger that has appeared in his enclosure. The peacock wants to make sure lie is a front runner of visitors admirations, which it seems he now must share with a giant tortoise that lias just arrived from the London Zoo to spend the summer holidays at Whipsnade Zoo with his leathery friend. (AP Wire- photo via cable from London) Air piracy all started with trip to Cuba (Editor's note: An extortionist's bomb spurred the federal government to impose mandatory security measures on the nation's airlines. The following story, toy the AP Special Assignment Team, traces the development of a crisis that threatens to paraylze air transportation.) By JOHN S. LANG Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — Skinny little Antulio Ramirez seemed an unlikely sort of pirate that sunny May Day in 1961 when he burst into the cockpit with knife and gun in his trembling hands. "Let's go to Havana," he stammered to Capt. Francis Xavier Riley And away they went, six passengers and a crew of three and 120-pound Antulio. To Cuba, of all places, from which refugees by the hundreds of thousands were fleeing Fidel Castro's regime. It was a one-day sensation. No one did much of anything about it. Fr r no one foresaw that dur. ig the next eleven years little Antulio would be followed through the cockpit doors of American planes by 176 hijackers threatening the lives of 16,500 passengers and crew members With pistols, shotguns, knives, razors, broken bottles, hatchets, acid, ice picks, tear gas, BB guns and— ultimately— bombs, desperate people would create a crisis that threatens to paralyze air transportation. Each step in the evolution of airline terrorism has caught industry and government unprepared. It was nine years after the first American hijacking that Presidc-nt Nixon fomied the sky marshal force, spurred by the hijacking and bombing of three airliners on the ground in foreign countries by Arab guerrillas It w-.-'.s a year and a half after an Eastern Airlines pilot was k:Iled and his co-pilot seriously wounded by a hijacker on a flight to Boston b f t o r « the government proposed th::t cockpit doors be made bulk'! p v oof. It was after extortionists had bombed a jetliner in Las Vegas f.vo weeks ago that the President made, mandatory such ground security measures as metal detectors and bag'.;a"e checks which the Federal Aviation Ad- mini.-!ration had been urging for years. As a result of the President's tough new program, security officers s^y the airports and the sk;>s have never been safer. lluv. safe the 'jinenmie'i! can iii 'ke an 1 li'j\L-l i> >fl to be \nn\i--d II..luck.i!..;> of American planes have caused deaths and a score of heart attacks. The dollar loss is uncountable, but must ran into billions. For example, one 10- cent telephoned bomb hoax cost Pan American World Airways ?58,000. Each incident has spawned imitators. Many unsucessful hijackers were found to possess newspaper clippings detailing how successful air piracies were accomplished. The feat of "D. B. Cooper," who demanded and got $200,000 and escaped by parachuting out of a jetliner, got banner headlines and a few comparisons to Robin Hood. In the next two months he was copied by five others, all of whom failed. Yet for all that the actions of some sky pirates may have seemed glamorous, the truth is that life has been harsh for hijackers. One hundred live as fugitives in oxile, risking sentences of death or life in prison if they ever return to the United Slates. Five were killed in hijack attempts; three others committed suicide. A dozen are in mental institutions an 35 have been sentenced to prison for terms ranging upward from 50 years to life for air piracy or related crimes. A few early hijackers were greeted as revolutionary heroes by the Cubans, but now they are treated with coolness. "The Cubans are now worried just like we are that a hijacking could result in a catastrophic accident," said Albert Butler, chief of the FAA's Security Division. "The first tiling the Cubans do is put these people through a comprehensive psychiatric examination. Castro doesn't want criminals down there anyoiv than we want them up here. ••Those they don't send back are not allowed to work because that would take a job from a Cuban. They are very suspicious of the hijackers because they think they might be CIA agents. "The Cubans give them room and board in a hotel and $10 a month. It's grim. 0 i! e c(impi:lted suicide. Jumped out a hotel window." While the rewards are bitter, the chance*, for successfully hijacking planes are getting .slimmer. From a one-lime high of 83 per cent, the success average- of hijacking attempts diminished to -J-! per cent last year and now is down to 25 per com I.' S IUM .-'!.•;!> and C'jMo/ns THE GUNSLINGER/ VENTURE'S JEAN SCENE: WHERE SAVINGS AND ASSORTMENT RIDE AGAIN! For the men of the house, big and smalland in-between teens, we've got a herd of jeans, ranging from casual cottons to dress denims, from high-riders to hip-huggers! Yipee! THE BUSHWACKER JEAN SCENE! BUSHWACKER! Our reg. S2.47 perm press solid flares. Bush styling with contrast stitching. Sizes 4-7. JEAN SCENE! BUOY BLUE! Our recj. S3.99 ship shape sailor, afloat in perm press polyester/cotton denim. Sizes 8-18 Reg/8-16 Slim. JEAN SCENE! WESTWARD BLUE Our reg. $3.99 westerner in perm press polyester cotton. Go gung-ho in sizes 8-18 Reg/8-16 Slim. $]97 $ 3 $ 3 19 JEAN SCENE! THE STRETCHABLES! Our reg. $5.97 tall twills! Stretch one on in perm press polyester/rayon/spandex. Sizes 8-18 Reg/8-16 Slim. JEAN SCENE! HIP GUNSLINGER! Our reg. $5.97 solids in perm press brushed denim. Belt 'em, partner, on a wide, wide waist. Sizes 8-18 Reg/ 8-16 Slim. JEAN SCENE! LOWDOWN FOR MEN! Our reg. $6.97 dress-up dudes in shinny perm press sateen; extra low-cut rise. Waise sizes 26-36. JEAN SCENE! S-T-R-E-T-C-H! Our reg. $8.42 stretcher. Dacron© polyester cotton with the added comfort stretch of Lycra-'y spandex. Waist sizes 28-40. Sale prices good through August 26. $4 19 77 $4 *5 77 57 $ 6 74 o o Campus favorites for guys ... and gals who want to ride on into the coed jean scene! 24 JEAN SCENE ! GO WEST! Our reg. $6.57 heavy-duty cotton denim westerner travels in style with a flare. Hitch up a pair in waist sizes 28-40. *5 $ 5' JEAN SCENE! HOME ON THE RANGE $^77 Our reg. $5.97 jean! Dacron® polyester T" blend in a unique homespun weave. Pick 'em in waist sizes 28-42. JEAN SCENE! BRUSH-UP GUNSLINGER! Our reg. $6.97 perm press cotton blend; brush denims, split-leg gunslinger styling. Waist sizes 28-38. JEAN SCENE! BIG BOOT CUT! Our reg. $7.81! Lee Rider's*) Boot cut® jeans move you in the right direction come fall. Navy. Waist sizes 30-40. JEAN SCENE! GO SAFARI! Our reg. $7.97 bush-style Bedford cord jeans lead the active life! Hunt 'em in waist sizes 28-36. JEAN SCENE! CHAMBRAY BUSH! Our reg. $7.97 bush styled jean worked into a charnbray style of light blue. Waist sizes 28-36. JEAN SCENE! KNIT TO FIT! Our reg. $9.47 polyester blend jeans! Washable! Comfortable! No-iron plus wrinkle-free! Waist sizes 32 42. $7 venture a store tor QUALITY a store tor VALUE • ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI . .. South Kingshighway &Christy Boulevard • NORTH COUNTY...Dunn Road (1-270) at West Florissant • OVERLAND, MISSOURI...Page & Innerbelt (725) * FAIRVIEW HEIGHTS, ILLINOIS...U.S. Highway 50 & III. Highway 159 • KIRKWOOD, MISSOURI...South Lindbergh & Big Bend . ALTON, (ILLINOIS... Beltline Highway at Washington Open Daily 9:30 AM 10:00 PM . Saturday 9.00 AM - 10.00 P^ Sundays in Fa.rview Heights and Alton Noon to 6:00 PM How do you get off chicken? You don't. You get down oh' a goose. But all that is waiter off a duck's back to Quackers the duckling, shown riding on the back of Millie the Hen. When Quackers' real mother was run over by a car, Millie sat on the egg until it hatched, and now Quackers thinks Millie is his mother. (AP Wirephoto) 20 million oldsters are powerful now CHAMBRAY BUSH LEE RIDERS® BOOT CUT \ l \ :..' ./A venture a store for QUALITY WASHINGTON (AP) — America's 20 million senior citizens are rallying to their own cause and fast becoming one of the most organized groups in the nation. Th* National Council of Senior Citizens, an AFL-CfO backed organization, reports it has three million members in more than 3,000 affiliated clubs. Another 3.8 million are members on the National Retired Teachers Association and the American Association of Retired Persons, both predominantly white - collar groups. Both the National Council and the AARP have doubled their membership in the past five years and the AARP said that each week 2,000 more people are paying the $2 membership fee to join. Many state organizations also report record growth. William Hutton, executive director of the 11-year-old National Council, said the recent trend toward organizing is due to the pressing needs of the steadily increasing numbers of retirees, who are living longer thanks to medical science but on fixed incomes, during a time of inflation. At the same time, he said, there is a growing realization that though people over 65 represent only 9.8 per cent of the nation's population, they are Ifi per cent of those who vote and they have demonstrated that when aroused, they can vote significantly as a block, despite previous party affiliations. "It's Intent power," said Hutton. "We have a slogan. It's senior power. It's just to remind people that there are 20 million people over Ii5 and another 20 million 55 to 65. That's 40 million peop'c in retirement or considering retirement." The senior citizens make their presence felt primarily through letter writing, tel- phone calls and telegrams hut more and more, whore possible, have taken to demonstrating, visiting congressmen and legislators, even grading politicians. In Ohio, legislators wore besieged by a "pray-in" of senior citizens, the day a bill to make sprinklers in nursing homes mandatory passed the Slate-house. Matthew DeMoro, a 69- year - old retired machinist union officer from Siher Spring, Md., and head of the Concerned Seniors for Bei'er (k>\ eminent, said the AI-'I.(' 10 backed organi/atum plans to go into 17 to IS c-lcelinn cam|iai'.'ti>. He saivl llk> (\in.vriiev! Si-ii:»"i's method mc'iidc;. mien, vv, nit 1 , candidates who ha\c not held office before about their stands on various issues and asking for signed statements. The legislation most groups say they are after includes property tax exemptions that would make it easier for a person with a reduced income to keep their homes; food programs, especially opening programs, especially opening up school cafeterias to their elderly; transportation, health care, federally assisted public housing and employment opportunities. In California the League of Senior Citizens, has its 18,000 members working for support of a bill which would provide for a $4,600 minimum income per elderly couple. Already there are reduced fares on buses in at least 50 cities and in some places expanded bus services just for the elderly. In St. Louis the Older Adult Community Action program sponsors a bus service that picks up senior citizens and takes them to stores, clinics hospitals, movies or just visiting. The Dallas, Tex., transportation system has agreed to an experimental Dial-A-Bus system for a big apartment block occupied by the elderly. Those needing transportation need only telephone and an inward bound bus will be diverted to their front door. New York City has inaugurated a reduced fare taxi service for senior citizens and the handicapped which can get fares as low as 60 cents each for three passengers leaving the same place for the same destination. So far, some 35 states have adopted some form of property tax exemption for senior citizens and a few, like Wisconsin, have granted income tax credits for the elderly who rent rather than own their homes. There are a variety of other forms of legislation including Vermont's granting of a free permanent hunting and fishing license for those over 65 and a bill of rights for the elderly adopted by the Georgia Suite Legislature. Not all senior citizen aid comes from lawmakers. Some concessions come from business. In Atlanta, the Braves have days when the elderly can see baseball games at reduced rates. Many colleges are offering free courses to senior cili/ens. one of the most effective effort^ so far \sas the recent and succt'.sst'ul campaign for pa^agv of a '1 per cent Social Security in,Tease. Sen KU-.M/II l.on». D-La . of t!ii' Senate Finance (,'om- iintuv saut ih 1 re TiVed more (I!.!'- ".'i that i.-^ur than nn aii.< .^nir m-'ilicaiv ^j-, \oteti on :n 1'Jti").