*!• A-6 Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday, August 23, 1972 Spanish-speaking students aided by bilingual classes WASHINGTON (AP) — Imagine .vouv shock if yon reported to a new job and a supervisor gave instruction in a foreign language. For five million youngsters with limited or no command of English a similar experience is familiar. They troop into American classrooms 1o Irani reading, writing nnd arithmetic, but they often don't understand the teacher and the culture is strange. The toll in discouraged pupils and eventual dropouts is tremendous. It is estimated that Spanish-speaking Americans, the nation's second largest minority group, average nationally only eight years of schooling. To alleviate the situation, the federal government is spending about $35 million a year to develop bilingual programs designed to overcome the language handicap and keep the children in school. The U.S. Office of Education has 213 bilingual projects in about 30 states serving about 100,000 children speaking 19 languages other than English. The current effort mainly is devoted to Spanish-speaking youngsters. The United States has an estimated 15 million Spanish-speaking residents, more than any other nation with the exceptions of Spain, Mexico, Argentina and Colombia. The second largest group with a language barrier to learning in U.S. schools is the American Indian, according to Dick Goulet, program director for bilingual education in the Office of Education. Goulet said the federal bilingual programs, now in their fourth year, "generally are a great success, especially in the spinoffs of community involvement, universities developing new programs and the passage of new legislation." He said Massachusetts has a law and Pennsylvania, Texas, New York and California have guidelines that require schools to provide bilingual education where a certain percentage of students speak a first language other than English. An example of bilingual education: A Spanish- speaking youngster upon entering school is taught hi h i s native tongue and gradually introduced to English in his reading, arithmetic and science classes. Goulet said that the Spanish Curriculum Center in Miami, Fla., is developing a complete bilingual curriculum, reading, Small guy stretches math, science and social science, for grades one through three. Thus far. the federal effort has been directed at the elementary school level although a few high school programs have been started In porl.-P.f- entry cities such as Philadelphia and New York, according to Goulet. In all of its experiments, Goulet said, the teachers involved must be bilingual and, where possible, have the same ethnic background .is the pupils. One problem facing educators in the bilingual field is that many of the youngsters come from poor social and economic backgrounds and have inadequate academic to be cop DETROIT (AP) — "All through life," says Sanshiro Miyamoto, "the shorter person always has to do more to prove himself." For Miyamoto, that little something extra includes whacks on the head. And sleep in traction, with weights hung from his feet. And a neck brace. No medical problem confronts Miyamoto, but rather a desperate desire to become a cop. When he applied for a spot on the Detroit force in April, Miyamoto was found to be two inches short of the 67-inch htipihl required of city policemen. But he said his decision had been made: " I woke up and realized I was 30 and that half of my life was over. For the rt-st ot my life I want to be a policeman. I've made up my mind and that's :t." For two mor.'J,:-., h:s w.'e pulled daily at ~a chain on his ankles, he- slept in traction with weights hung from his feet and he wore a brace 'o push up his neck — all in an attempt to straighten his spine and put more space between his vertebrae-. After gaining a little, ne hao his wife whack him over the head with a board, hopina to raise a bump large enough to get him past the height test. But at his last examination he was still a hall-inch too short, and Miyamoto is back to the whacks and the trac! un and the brace. "There's no question about this man s desire to be :i policeman." said I.t Kennc'h P. llady ot the jxihrc rwt'uiiiiix office. preparation in their native language. New York City has 22 bilingual projects but the Fleischmann Commissicn reported that only 4,;lflO children arc bring rp.ichrrt with such programs although the city has J3S.OOO Spanisli- spcaking youngsters who are severely limited in ability to speak English. "It is no wonder that Puerto Rlcan children arc scoring poorly on standardized tests, dropping out of school at an extraordinary rate (52 r*r cent between 10th and 12th grades), failing to take advantage of post-scconda-y school opportunities a/id finding it very difficult to compete in the jot) market," the commission said. Chicago is reaching 12,flfn of its 45,010 foreign-language speaking children through! cue or another bilingual project. Dr. James Moffat, an assistant superintendent in the Chicago system, says "our problem is finding teachers who are blcultural as well as bilingual." Almost all educators stress a need to maintain a student's heritage and culture as he Is introduced to English and to the pattern of American culture. "Our society has taken its toll of kids by depriving them of their self image," said Michael Quinn, of the Chicago system. "A child has to stand tall before he can learn his reading, writing and arithmetic." Frogmen Detroit Police Department frogmen Robert Wolfe and Bill Smith look as if they're riding dolphins over the Detroit River in a public demonstration of the new pontoon-equip, ped helicopter. Piloting the aircraft is Lt. Gilbert Truax, a commander of the new Detroit Police Department Aviation Unit. The helicopter will be used in water rescue work. (AP Wirephoto) Rep. Pike says its time to defoliate Pentagon papers Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday, August 23, 1972 A-7 Illinois delegates Gov. Richard gets into an members of the floor of Ogilvie, second from left, animated discussion with liis Illinois delegation on the Republican National Convention as GOP delegates prepared for a floor fight over rules allocating delegates to future conventions. (AP Wirephoto) WASHINGTON (AP) — Jokes aside, says a member of the House Armed Services Committee, it's time to defoliate the Pentagon's paper jungle. There are 11,916 separate paper forms in use at the Pentagon, says Rep. Otis G. Pike, D-N.v., most of which are seldom read but which consume "a fantastic amount of wasted time, effort and money." In a letter Tuesday to Rep. F. Edward Hebert, D-La., the committee chairman, Pike urged "a major investigation of the paper jungle which is costing both our military and our laxpaying citizens so very dearly." He said the situation is so bad that It has given rise to such jokes as: "An aircraft carrier is ready to launch only when it weighs as much as the paper it took to build it," and, "No military plane has ever been built which could lift the paper It took to make it fly." Pike cited the case of a prospective manufacturer of a simple felt washer who was given plans, specifications and forms which "weighed seven and one-half pounds, and some of them were on microfilm." During committee hearings into military manpower needs, Pike said the Pentagon was asked to provide one copy of every standard form in use. Daley takes rear seat Chicago's Mayor Richard J. Daley peddles from the rear seat on a tamdem bicycle. Event was inauguration of a new route for bicycles through Chicago's downtown area. Riding escort is James McDonough, right, commissioner of streets. (AP Wirephoto) This Get to Penney's this weekend and save With this many sales and specials school ever. on everything they need for school, to study, better get there early. Extraordinary special buy. •boys' flare leg double knits •Penn-Prest® polyester/cotton •wont sag, bag or wrinkle • great colors in 8 to 18 Special Save on Sadies fashion tops. ir :o. '/o: 20% off Get in on the knit explosion, at 20% savings. Choose from shirt and rnore. In nylon, polyester, Arnel® triacetate and acrylic knlta. Patterned and plain for misses vC* •y <f 'tyt <, 4 N'" pm Men's shoe sale. Step on it. Sa!e11 89 Sate11 89 Sale14 44 Reg. 13.99. Work shoes for guys. Full grain leather upper with cushion insole for comfort and long wear. Sizes 6-11,12,13,14. Reg. 13.99. 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Vinyl print covers sturdy veneer frama. 2 leather handles, brass finished locks. 11 JCPenney We know what you're looking for. Charge It at JCPenney Eastgate Open Monday thru Saturday 10 AM to 9 PM — Sunday 12:30 to 5:30 PM JCPenney We know what you're looking for. Charge It at JCPenney Eastgate Open Monday thru Saturday 10 AM to 9 PM — Sunday 12:30 to 5:30 PM Military buildup in Hawaii HONOLULU (AP) — Military activity in Hawaii is moving into high gear again as the Vietnam war winds down. Army and Marine combat units are being reformed and beefed up as the 50th state again becomes the base of primary reserve fighting forces in the Pacific. Hawaii's military population has reached almost 119,000, the highest since January 1965, when the total was about 136,000 and just before the 25th Infantry Division and the 1st Marine Brigade left for Vietnam. A further increase is certain within the next year when combat units are brought to near full strength. The Army recently added a second bridgade to the 25th Division at Schofield Barracks, which will add 4,000 men to the present 6,000-man force by mid-1973. The Marine Corps plans to add some 1,000 troops to the First, Brigade at the Kaneohe Marine Corps Air Station by the middle of next year. The influx of troops win bring related problems, including the need for housing. The Army said it will need 6,000 units at Schofield Barracks by mid-1973, but will have only 3,600. The Marine Corps says it will be in "fairly good shape" in family housing at Kaneohe by next year. Maj. Gen. Thomas W. Mellen, on the eve of his recent departure as commander of the U.S. Army, Hawaii, and the 25th Division, warned that "troops will be getting tighter and tighter as far as living accommodations are concerned." He also noted the impact on the civilian community, saying thousands of automobiles will add to Oahu's traffic problems. The increase in dependents, he said, will mean a need for expansion in the schools. Linden ivill speak at S1UE graduation EDWARDSVILLE — George W. Linden, professor of philosophical studies at Southern Illinois University at Eclwardsville, will be the speaker at SIUE summer q u a r t e r commencement exercises Sept. 2. Linden was chosen by members of the graduating class, in keeping with a campus tradition. More than 800 are expected to receive degrees at the ceremony set for 10 a.m. at the multi-purpose events site on the SIUE campus. Linden joined the SIUE faculty i/i 1962. He is a former chairman of the department of philosophical studies, but elected to return to full-time teaching in order to have more time for writing. He is the author of "Kefkvtions on the Screen," a book on the mnvie.s as an art form, a/id of numerous poems. He has served as a book reviewer for Saturday HevR'w and is a contributor to Personalist, a literary quarterly published at the University of California. The speaker, a ivsicli'iit of (' o 11'. n s v 111 e , a former president of Hie Faculty Senate at the University. He earned a bachelor degree at the University of Mi.s.s mil uiui nia.-UT's- and doctor's ih'UKvs 'irin the University O! 11:111,i|S.
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