Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on August 23, 1972 · Page 5
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August 23, 1972

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 5

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Alton, Illinois
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Wednesday, August 23, 1972
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Page 5
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Alton Evening Telegraph Wednesday, August 23, 1972 A-5 The cost of cleaning up Future U.S pollution dilemma played out in miniature UK S NOTE: The "Tt 19 VOfV Hiffionlf In. emnlrn r,-J ~..1f.... _..!J iimt-- _•-_ .. .. ~ . . . EDITOR'S NOTE: The nation may have to choose between fewer jobs or higher prices if industrial pollution is to be cleaned up. One company already has had to face that 'lilemma and its decision may offer a guide to what is in store. AP environmental writer Stan Benjamin tells about it in the third installment of a four- part series on The Cost of Cleaning Up. By STAN BENJAMIN Assffdated Press Writer MARIETTA, Ohio (AP)A future national dilemma over pollution costs was played out in miniature last year in Marietta. The dilemma is posed in a 332-page report by economists who told the government last March that the cost of ending pollution is a choice of higher unemployment o r higher prices. "It is very difficult to escape the conclusion," they wrote, "that either prices must rise by an additional one-quarter per cent per year throughout the decade...or the rate of unemployment must be as much as one-quarter per cent higher." They predicted that when the environment presents its cleaning bill, the government will sacrifice price stability to save jobs. In Marietta, however, economic theory was upstaged by what has been called the Showdown at Pollution Gulch. The showdown was already brewing when William D. Ruckelshaus pinned on his sheriff's badge as administrator of the nation's new Environmental Protection Agency, on Dec. 2,1970. A federal-state air pollution conference had been trying since 1967 to get Union Carbide Corp. to eliminate the smoke and sulfur oxidesl pouring from its ferro-alloys! plant at Marietta. The company refused td provide information for the conference or allow a second round held in 1969. Nevertheless, the con* ference adopted a timetable for Carbide to reduce its pollution, starting with a 3() per cent cut in sulfur oxideS from its power plant by Oct. 20, 1970, and aiming for full abatement by April 1972. When Ruckelshaus took office, Carbide was six weeks overdue on its first deadline. Less than a week later the company proposed a new abatement scheduled to be completed almost three years later than the conference recommended. Ruckelshaus reviewed it for a month, then replied that Carbide's plan was "not acceptable" and the original deadlines must be met. "The air pollution conditions in the Parkersburg (W.Va.) Marietta area are critical," he wrote. "The Union Carbide plant is the major source of discharges . . . satisfactory progress has not been made." He told Carbide to buy and burn low-sulfur coal in its power plant to meet the earliest deadlines. Carbide's first reply, in a public statement, seemed to be surrender: The company was buying or diverting from its own mines low-sulfur coal. Four days later, however, company vice president Wil- 1 i a m M. Kelly told Ruckelshaus that Carbide could not obtain enough low- sulfur coal to meet further deadlines without shutting down part of its plant and laying off as many as 625 workers. Consumer advocate Ralph Nader quickly charged Carbide with "economic and environmental blackmail." "We aren't blackmailing anybody," said Philip Huffard, Carbide's director of environmental affairs. He said Ruckelshaus' demands would cost $5 million to $7 million a year and "that kind of morey has to be given serious economic consideration." But Carbide had earned $186 million—$3.05 per share- in 1969, and Huffard admitted it was "a question, perhaps, of priorities." Carbide eventually found enough low-sulfur coal after Haldeman calling shots for Nixon By Jack Anderson MIAMI BEACH — The man who calls the political shots for President Nixon isn't his campaign manager, Clark MacGregor, but his chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman. Operating out of the White House on government salary, Haldeman has tried to remain the invisible man of the campaign. But we have established that most of the important campaign decisions have come through him. The assumption is, of course, that he's acting for the President. Haldeman issues political directives, approves campaign contracts, receives political reports and coordinates campaign activities. It was Haldeman, for example, who proposed that a special advertising agency be established to handle the President's campaign advertising. This unique outfit, known as the November Group, was created for the sole purpose of re-electing Nixon. It is staffed with GOP-minded hucksters carefully recruited from ad agencies all over the country. Harry Bobbins Haldeman, who prefers to be called "Bob," has been an advertising man since he was 23. He has-used his quick mind to sell bug killer, floor wax, Disneyland, Seven-Up — and, more recently, Richard Nixon. In election years, Haldeman was able to take time off as vice president and Los Angeles manager of the giant J. Walter Thompson advertising agency to plump for Nixon. Haldeman toured the country in 1956 as an advance man for the then vice president, became chief advance man iji 1960 when Nixon first sought the presidency, returned to the campaign trail in 1962 to help Nixon lose the governorship of California and, finally, coordinated his successful campaign for the White House in 1968. Nixon probably relied more heavily on Haldeman than on any other c a m p a i g n technician during the 1968 race. After the election, Haldeman largely recruited the inner staff that would be around the President. Briefing the press, Haldeman said there would not be a press secretary, no appointments secretary and no chief of staff. The man who helped merchandise Seven-Up as the "Un-cola" had invented the un- assistants. Then he filled the jobs with his own people, Dwight Chapin, one of his J. Walter Thompson underlings, became appointments secretary; Ron Ziegler, another hand from the Los Angeles shop, was named press secretary; and John Erlichman, an old UCLA chum, moved in as another presidential assistant. Haldeman himself became the un-chief of staff. Having the President's complete trust, Haldeman largely decides who the President will see, who on the staff will be heard, what memorandum will make its way into the President's in- basket and who will be promoted. Haldeman's own schedule has become so tight that he has acquired his own Haldeman to do for him what he does for Nixon. Haldeman's Haldeman is bright, young Lawrence Higby who prefers to be called "Larry." Among other White House aides, he is known even less formally as "Big L," Haldeman likes to operate behind a screen. But on occasion, he has ventured forth into political combat. In the turbulent days following the death of Mary Jo Kopechne in Senator Ted Kennedy's automobile, Haldeman was'on the telephone to key reporters, urging them to keep the pressure on Kennedy. At the time, Kennedy appeared to be the most likely Democrat to challenge President Nixon in 1972. Haldeman is now back behind the screen. But those on the inside say he is the most powerful man in the 1972 campaign, second only to the President himself. Footnote: The President and the huckster have found that they think alike. As with Nixon, Haldeman grew up in California when it was still the golden state, with orange groves, relatively clean air and a feeling that it was, indeed, the land of promise. His grandfather migrated to California early in the century, made his money as a building supply dealer and started the Better America Foundation in 1922. Haldeman's father, echoing the religious fundamentalism of Nixon's Quaker mother, devoted considerable energy to the Salvation Army. Haldeman, however, is a Christian Scientist who has .become the President's own Christian Science monitor. Lifelong Democrat Thomas Watson's emergence as a Nixon supporter this year may be more business than politics. Watson is chairman of IBM, which presently has a major anti-trust case before the courts. The case was filed as the Democrats were leaving town in 1968 but has failed to come to trial under the Nixon Administration. Watson's conversion to the Nixion cause has prompted speculation that settlement terms have been reached but that the announcement is being put off until after the election. The Administration obviously doesn't want to cave in publicly on another anti-trust case in mid- campaign. THE EARTH SHALL INHERIT THE WEAK. Every Volvo we sell is built on the premise that the car that reaches the end of its road slowest is a winner. Which means that every Volvo in our showroom is built to last. So when you drive out in your new Volvo, you can look forward to enjoying the scenery. Instead of becoming a part of itt CORDES MOTOR CO. all, stopped talking about layoffs, and began pouring money into antipollution devices not only at Marietta but also at its plant in Alloy, W.Va., near Charleston. Today, Carbide claims to be "world leaders in cleaning up the air" although a company publication admits, "We had not planned to win these J & A Springman CHAIN LINK FENCING Godfrey, Ml. Ph. 469-3431 honors quit;, so soon." In economic terms, the Showdown at Pollution Gulch made Union Carbide "internalize" its anlipollution costs. Fred Charles, plant, manager ai Marietta, says coal costs have doubled, in- creasing overall plant operating costs by more than 10 per cent. By 1975, he says, the plant will have installed some $20 million worth of antipollution equipment that will add $2 millions to the plant's annual operating costs. Next: Somebody WH1 Pay. Rll Lines of Insurance Homeowners, Kirn, Auto, limit, Commercial Lite, Accldp.nl-, Hcnlth BROAD RIDGE AGENCY Don VniiMetpr, Mgr. 311 Ridge 462-9217—Evenings 254-1353 CLEARANCES AIR CONDITIONERS & DEHUMIDIFIERS * * * Central Hardware 3000 BELTLINF OPEN 9=30 AM—TO PM owuw DEI. i Line SUN .,, AM _ 7 PM 2350 STATE, ALTON 466-6651 Sale! This TV locks in color and tint balance. You lock in 40.95 savings. 5316*329 Reg. 369.95. Color TV with 19" screen (meas. diag.) features "Chroma-Loc" •for the proper balance of color and tint controls. Has "Quick-Pic" for fast picture and sound plus automatic fine tuning to help maintain optimum signal strength. 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