Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on November 26, 1898 · Page 6
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November 26, 1898

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

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Alton, Illinois
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Saturday, November 26, 1898
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Page 6
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Tin: subject ot mushrooms Is one of never-falling iniercHi. because; nf die tragic exe'ltcment usually experienced In eating lli"in, particularly If ilic.v are 1 nerved us "fresh," Tin 1 mushroom Is Hie ..leykll-Ilyde of edible fungi. It Is ii. myslcry among esculent CXcrcS- CencCS. llollglllfnl tO (III.' paint!! Illlll dreniU'n] to tin; Imagination; savory to tlin l.-iste anil tlio oliji'irt i)!' fretful suspicion in tho sfiisps. The world over the. wist; liiivc tnki'ii pains to enlighten flu.' ignorant :IH to the capacity for crime'that lurks In tlio mushroom. The Agricultural I.lepnrlment of the United Slnles ('ovornmcnt, under ihe administration of such pnst. grand inns- tors of sdetilHIc research as Jerry ltii.Mk. li.'is published mini on ri'.-nn of profound inquiry Into the iintiire and Slaflalsm of the inushroom. Not alone tlio American farmer ami tho retailers who chase tho marvel among foods thnt grow in a night have been Informed nnd warned as to the pervert characteristics of tho mushroom; every citizen at the brand land has been Invited to share the sclenlllle knowledge of th<! Agricultural Department on this fascinating subject. s-limlderB for Mmliroom Kntcrn. , Notwithstanding the industry and vehement disclosures ot the bucolic philosophers at Washington, the American mushroom continues to get lit Its deadly work. Dentil from eating not too much or too many mushrooms, but the wrong hind, Is a frequent verdict of the newspaper paragraph. Everyone who likes (mil eats mushrooms shudders at the stereotyped news and agrees with himself again to make sure that the next tlnio 1m eats mushrooms he will see to it that they are mushrooms. Then this resolution gets cobwebbed like many another, nnd when he Is devoured with .1 desire for mushroom and meets n plate of this delicious sponge 1 food eu face he has forgotten the technical earmarks of the creature, and In the spell of the appetising odor decides to depend upon the technical knowledge of the fungi huckster. To the American knowledge of mushroom differentiation, Dr. Prentlss, of Washington, is the latest contributor. He has attended Iittely some historical Cases and consequently has mustered a goodly part of the mushroom problem. OC nil men nt tho national capital Count IJe Vefi'hi, attache of the Italian legation, w:is mortally deceived by the Virginia type of mushroom last winter. lie was proudly familiar with the correct or healthful trade-marks of the mushroom, but to make iissuninco doubly sure he purchased from a countryman, who grew up among mushrooms at home. The Count complacently Identifies! tbe specimens fin the orange amanlla, ttu edible species. Ho are about two dozen, and a Dr. K. one dozen. After having suffered blindness find eonvul- Hlons ho became unconscious nnil died In eighteen hours, in spile of nil the attending physicians could do. Dr. K., who bad eaten one Imlf as many as tho •Count, experienced no pain, was unconscious iiltio hours and recovered twelve hours after the mushroom breakfast. Dr. 1'rentlss Investigated another case of mushroom poisoning at Clinni- bersburg, Pa., last August. George Jofl'ers, of Philadelphia, thought, he knew a wholesome mushroom when he saw it. While walking about the country paths with his wife and an 8-year- old daughter h« gathered In a mess of the proper breed, and Ihe family ale them for dinner Hint day, the father taking a doni'ii. (lie mother eight and the daughter live. The third day thereafter mother and daughter died, after dreadful suffering. The father pulled through. It transpired that the collection was of the species amanlta nius- eai-ln, or fly mushroom, ami amanlla phalloldes, or skunk mushroom. The Illustrations presented herewith are from drawings made by Dr. Ilery of the kinds of mushrooms eaten In these two falal experiences. Tho chief poisoning principle of the IIy mush- I something like this, but It rarely sn<'- coeds if any Humility has bee" eaten: II) Clear out the stomach .'iml bowels by any and all menus, until m>l .'i shred or reminiscence of mu-diromn be l»ft. f.'roton oil, castor oil, Piillne purgallvet, slomiich pumiis -any old thing, so bum as the desired result Is allnined; ("I hypoder m lo Inject ion •< of atrnpla, whleh l.i the physiologic aiitidul'' I" finisi-iii-in. In doses of one-one hundred and twentieth to one-slxtlclb of a grain, until the drying of (lie bodily <.-cnv- lions and Ihe dilation of the pupils Indicate that the dcs" should lie diminished; (",i resl the pallc-nt In a roeiim- I bent posture and keep up III" lieart ac{ tloii wllh tincture of digitalis, ten | drops every two or three hours. accord- Ing to the effect, In blanched skin, p;il" face and cold e.\trcmlt|es (rive one-sixtieth of a grain of nllro glycerin hypo- i dermlcally insleail of Ihe dlgilal!-!. I Above Jill Ihliiu'-, the prilii-l|di-M of Die trealmonl malnlaln that the patlenl must tic kept alive for three days, which Is tin 1 period ri'i|iili'cd for Hie poison lo rim its course. (Jive conccn- tratc'd foods for noiirlslinient. Inieii.slfyliiK (he muslircioni myslery is lln> fact, that no r-ln inical anlldole to musi'arln Is known. Tnnnlc acid II hemlcal anlldole to alkaloids generally, does not precipitate It- Boiling Ihe mushrooms In acidulated water he- PLV AMAN1TA Ht'TTONS -1'OISO.NOirs JIUSJIKOO5IS. fore cooking Is worse than useless. It dissolves the poison and promotes Its absorption. The poison of the "death cup," or "amanlta phullohlcs," Is phallin. It ads ont.be system different from muscarlna. It does not kill by heart paralysis, like niiiscarln, but by disorganization of the blood and consequent exhaustion. Ku- forced vomiting In this case is llkewh-.e recommended. No antidote for plmllin Is known. Now comes the rub. The value of edible mushrooms as au article of food Is undisputed, both as a luxury and owing to their highly nutritious proper- tics. As a food they compare favorably wllh beefsteak. For this reason and to further the Interests of the honest mushroom mycologlcal clubs are under formation throughout the country. Thus Is the enterprise of .lerry Husk and his botanical coadjutors fructifying In a national movement for the suppression of the anarchists of the mushroom race. GEN, "SHi AFTER'SID A'\JG~H T E R. llln Only Chihl IM the Wife of u Gitl- liltit Rolcllcr. It Is generally known that when (!en. Shaffer went to Cuba he carried with him Hie burden of « great persona) grief. But a few months before, death hail robbed him of his life's companion. Mrs. Shaffer was « woman of charm- lug manner nnd was one of Hie most popular women In army circles. Her daughter closely resembles her. This daughter, Mrs. W. II. McKIt- trick, Is the only child of (Jen. Shafter. In her girlhood pretty May Shaflcr was J'l.V AMASII'A reilSONeil S M|:S1IIIOCIM. room Is iiHiscarin, a .eolorlc'ss. slrupy alkaloid, wlllioul odor or (usle 1 , which forms crystalline sain with acids. But anoHior poisonous substance occurs lu the plant, tin 1 dicuilcal nature of wliidi IM not known. Thun do mushroom mysteries multiply. The latter poisonous element up j pears lo be volatile, a fact which may ' ttccouut to KOIIIU exlent for Hie Impunity wllh which Ihe dried fungus Is ' taken by the native luinichaikaiiH as ua Intoxicant. They became at llrxl. VMJ'y cheerful umlel' lt» spc.ll. This eon- dltlou U followed by drowt<!nc4s and #lp«P, from which llicy iiuai.c in n JSlalfrol tre,mtiioin* exhaustion. In the «tt»jteit of exeltomont the} huto ec static ' US. HKo HIOBU of (he liilt>lic<tah ei( Pu,tMu whole, Ii would socih that i weie Hii\ed , of being jujjgli'4 ,Mt{8, SHAl'TEIi. Slll.1. M'KIITIIirK. a Hoelcly favorite. .She met a gallant soldier ami ere long her place at Ihe family fireside was vacant. It is several years ago that she married Maj. *iV. II. McKltlrlck and they have since 1 lived on a ranch a few miles from San l-'ranclsco, not far from her parents. The loss of hei' mother was a great blow In .Mrs. Me'Klilrlck. Then came 1 Ihe war and I'aHier anil husband both mare-he 1 !! away. The husband went out a e-nplalii and returned u majeir. It was be who ralsi'd the (lag over Santiago after Hie surrender. c^unmi i>l' American ODIUM. To the 1 Slate' of Maine belongs the honor of proiluclng the gem thai, be cause' eif Its great range of color anil remarkable dldirolsm, as well as Ihe great beauty of Its uncut crystals, ele- serves lo be called the Queen of American <'ems. This stone Is Interesllng to the niilii'raloglst on account of Its com- plleateil slructui'c, being made up of many ellfforont elements. Neit e>nly an> Hie Maine tourmalines ihe mosi iv- inarknlilc produe-eil In the' I'nlicel SlaleSi but Home 1 of (he colors from (hem are' by far the finest foiiml nny- where 1" the world. The stones were dlscoverc'il In (his locallly In ISL'0, ami some 1 of Hie cryslnla taken from Die surface 1 pockels at tills Hinc may now lie' seen In (he Imperial I'olli'i'tion of lolnerals at Vienna. Tin 1 mines ul' I'ni'ln, Maine, have' been worked since 1S7I. Tin 1 largest fine gem taken out weighed sixty-nine ami one-fourth carals, ami Is of a superb light-green color, and absolutely f'l'i'e I'l'oin Haws. II lias lie-en riiiggcHlcd that the luiirinii- liiie be adetileel as our nallomil gem. duly Olio Way. An exchange U'Hs a slory of a Jiiilgi* who I'oiihl not cemlrol his leni| and so c-unld not I'oiilrol oilier people. (Jin.' elay there was unusual dlsonli>r In Die e'oui'l room, and at last the Judge could endure It mi longer. "It Is Impossible |o allow this persistent conli'inpt of court lo go on," ho exclaimed, "and I shall be forced to go lo (he extreme length of taking tho on" step that will stop it!' There; was a long silence; then one: of tbo Ic'iidlnt; counsel ruse, and wllh just u trace, of a smlh 1 , Inquired: "If It please your honor, from what dale will your resignation lake c'fcet';" I'nuiily ItcnoiuliliiueH'. Alllit—Who dm'* your new litlle sifter look liiOHt like, your father or your '! Little 1Cm,tun- lioDi, she, hats no Iccih -4hlU'K llUe momwer. Anil snu't* hulr- NOVr.l. El.l!' Tmllcy iVWc« ana J : »n« In Oreal Kepulc in Medical Circle.'?. The i lecli-ic fan hm spi IIIIL.' inlo greal repute 1 in iiii-dle-al e-in-les. '>i.e' well Unowii pi.'icDiieiii r In New York MIS Dial dnriiiu I!;'' iu.i nioiitlis <>ii>' o!' (he I'lVs! Dlill'-'S lie insists nil bis pnlii-nl- pn.vl'liim Hiemselves with I" ;in clc/'trl'- fun. nbii-h bus an nd- miralile inlliience on the II-TVI s. no less than Die temperature of the pa ticlll. He ri'lKlcllltl 1 -', IlilWcV'T. Ill Hie slronecvi terms ail Ian" HIM! make a wliin-lin.', ••InL'liii; or humming noisi'. which hlli il most pernicious effect i;fl Invalids, and may even Id! scrhnisly In tin- course 1 of a few hours on a xli'iiim man, unconscious Ilimigl.' lie may be of Die cuiniil'ilive strain mi Die nerves, \o|sy Cans slioitld be ab- solnldy i.-ilinoi'd as -'» ial evils, and In Hie -lei; chamber m ne bill (be Ndess varicly should on any m-- eounl be admitted. Il is nol always e-es-jary to kee p Die Ian at Ils most r.-ipld I'cinluliolis; ils speed slimiM be farieil accordliiL' to atmospheric con- ilHioiis. A banki-r In a laru-e I'lt.v. who heard of ill" illinss nf a woman and her lilDc one. insiead nf Mending M-S ol ilalnlli's. had a wire' run fr.iin Die railway drciill near Die ln:use lo Die iu\a)id's room and an electric fan plni-eil at Die I'oo- of (In lie 1. 'I'll" l"in:iorulnro of the >iiolhcr. whose i-ase hai! in en proiinilnc "I hopc!t s-. bemin l'ortl;v.'iili In Improve, and she uas soon oiil of daimer. 'i'lie physi- •MIII said Die reenvery uas due far le.ss |i, iii'-dli-ini- Dl.-lll lo the siiollllllg iiilliieni'e id' (he electric fan. Another .ire'. 1 of lienllli whii'b dci-;o"s an' I'lvely rei-oniine'lnlliic; to pntioritH \v|io have no vehicles of their own Is the trolley ride. The Irolle.v Hoe'.-" riulit 1 ml to tin- suburban and conn-try dls- Irlels and taken Hie par-s'tiger not inly Inlo the freshes! anil best air nil into tills e>!' e-oiinli-y thai surprise •mil delight (hem. Tile 1 hem-Ills Hills brought lo children are Incalculable. A physicinn reci ntly made 1 Hn' avs"r- ticiu Dial Ihe number nf e-ldlilren wiio ndmiily owe Ihelr life to the electric furs may be I'Sllniatcd by thousands. He- added: "Few p;'0plo can reallKi' tin 1 good that n ride 1 into the country tloes a baby which is fairly prostrat- •d wllh heat. The cool, fre'sh brei'i'.e if'fer a sDtllng ho) day In a close room In town means a new lease of life for Die 1 child. Many places are run inlo on the electric 1 roads where the temperature is 20 degrees lower than in town. 1 wonder that some I'resh- tilr society doesn't charter a cur on semie- of (In-! lines and rrservc" il In the I'Venlngs for mothers with M.'ekl.v little children, letting them ride free. •an think of no liner bit nf charity or one that would give more 1 gratifying results." In many ell Irs during the 1 late ho! spell nil: 1 of llll> ••'remark- 'ililc 1 features of Hie trolley lines was Hii' number of people having as baggage' a pillow and a covering nf sonic kind, who late every night thronged the ears going out i-ouiitryward. e'Mo passengers camp mil In Ihe' woods, like so many banels of gypsies, and return to the e-ity by the •arly morning cars. Triangular Nails. ,'. II expert tells why Inn triangular nail, which at Ils Inlrodiic'tlon. several years ago. (rave much promise' of n.*ellng Die- favor of Die trade, has. mudo but litlle licailway. Many of Its advantage's are slill undisputed; II has grenl penetrative power, anil it has lii- tlv tendency lo split the wood Into whleh II is driven. The trouble seemed to be Dial ihe barbed notches whie-'i are plowed into two of Its triangular sl/li'H glvi- it a holding power th.-H Is anything but ai-ceiiliiibh 1 lo tlie worl;- miin, and render It very hard to with- clraiv. B-.'fui'c UK- triangular nail came In. no one gii vi- Hindi thought to I Impossibility Unit a nail might grip loo tenaciously; but that It may there is n*.w no ciuesllon. It freiiiicii'lly happens, both In permanent and ti'inpo- rary work, Hiat parts have 1 lei be- taken asunder with a.s lilth' breakage of ile'rornialioii us possible', and whi'u nails eilTe-r much rc'slsinni'i 1 to e>xlrne- tlon, the' lalior MI' separation is gri'ally iiicre'iised, and Ihe parts suffer ill- usage, if not destruction. There Is no denying thai a greater number of tr.- nngnliir nails of n given slxc will lie ronlainc'd In a givi'ii wc'lghl, bin as the triangular nail can not have less sirem r tli In Its sc'dion than a siinaro or roiinel one 1 , e-arpi'iiie'i's may llml II c\- peelle'iit lo use' a larger sl/e in irliingu- lar form Dian would olherwisc be mv I'ssary, anil thus the weigh! of ini'lal may be' nearly ci|li;lllzeil. Tlie aelvan lages of Hie 1 ni'Wi'r nail arc 1 not numerous or obvious c'liollgli lo the ordinary carpenter or pattern-maker lo insu:'" ils inking Die plai'c of Du> older and heller •known forms.---Si. Louis tllolii' Ulslnfecllng Ships. Kuropcaii meille-al auiliorilii's S|>eal: In I'lileiglstlc le'i-ms of Die' I'lillc'l Slale'S sle'amshlp rroledor, whie-li is Die Ili'si! vessel In the world lo be i'i|lllppe'il solely feir Die' purpose' of ills- liife'cllon, (Ml Die deck of Die vessel. which Is about eighty feel IOIIL-. Is n st rne-l lire 1 lilted for liaili rooms. T!c> .soldiers, on coming on hoard, will iak" a 1 in 111 and give- up their old doDilii 1 -:. rei'dving ni'W c'lothes In exi-lintig. 1 . Al'le-r Hie 1 "Id clothing has been taken below and ihonnigly slerllixi'il. it will lie returned lo ils owner. Tin' sle-rll- u apparatus conslsis eif a cyliniler. a e'hambcr. ami an c'.xhausti'r. Tin 1 chainhiT Is eif Iron, and can be hcr- mdlcall.v seah'd. Tin 1 air Is ri'liloveil IIMI Die chamber by an i-xiiausllii'j; sleain ji'l. The ge'in'rator is a copper e'.vUndcr divided vertically Into two purls, a sli'iim e'eill belli", placed h; cadi part. Tin' c-loihes lo be sieril- i/.i'il arc placed In Die chamber, and DII> air Is exhaiisieil. r'eiriiiiiUnc N (ilnccd In purl nf Hie' Kciienii/ii', and sli-am Uilinllli'il to the i'oll. When u siilUi'lciu i|iiaiilliy ol'foriiiuIili'hyili'K.is is ",1-ncruii'ii by tin 1 heat. I! Is passed inlo Hie diumber. lu half an hour ammonia, placed In Hie olhcr part of Die' gi-m-ralor and similarly healed, Is also udmllicil. Tills serves to neutrall/.e Die formaldehyde, and tin 1 dolhcM, now thoroughly purliicd, an> rciiiovi-il uiiel lake'ii em dcd, for rcsieiratlem lo lili'lr eirt ni'i's, St. I.c.nii.s (ilolie'-lie'iiKi- i'1-at. Verllylaic a Ploaccr Varn. Whi'li we we're n boy, a greal many years ago, we used to hear the old I'eilUn say llm( the llrsl ploni'ers lo Keiilne'ky when they relumed to Virginia feir their families used lei Idl 8omi' marvelous lales of Die proiluci- Ive'iii'ss of Keimicky KI>||. lln>> laic Dieiy lolil Hun llxi'el lu emr Ima^inn Don was Dial swe'cr potatoes grc.v lo Mich a length -tlial ilii'.v I'onlil >li on one mil tviiili' Die ollii'l 1 ncl-lc/l In ilii- lirc. We never believed II, bill we wondered at Ii met icuH'iiibeivd U. Tile' inlieij day Ike (ie'ss lireillghl Inlo iill three feet, eight and one hall' indies and nffi-r iitir visitors arc done won- di-rina mcr it we iiili'iui to bnihl n 111'- 1 in Die park and put oil" cud ill tie 1 lire ami taki> a scat on Hie oilier. I" verify Die lale Die (ild pioneers n-eii lo Idl. II has luki-ii one hunilrcil years to prove tlie ver;ie-ily ed' Dins,. hi-ni'sl old pioneers, bin il l« lidle't' l:ilc Hiai" ncvi-r. Ki'.slnglon i K.V.I (la-/.i'iic. RI-MCDV FDR 110(1 CHOLERA. Oonkcys U.«ccl Chiefly for Preparing the Immune Scrum. Aflcr exp 'iiiuenls extemliim over a neriod of I went y years, and Hie e.x pendltnre of many thousands oMollurs Die fnileil Slates (Joveriiini'lll If at las' rombiitilig successfully those most p" 'nidoll.s diseases, liog cliole'r: 1 . and iwlne plague. The' results ob Mined l".v Hie Bureau of Animal Industry of the Agricultural Iiepnrl- ini'lil. esiiedally elnrlng Die last year, lune> I n highly s.-itisfadory, and tho selciiDsIs who have devoted so nun h lime 'ind labor to tlii- work fc'el nmply repalil for their e'tl'orlt.. The dlsi'iivi'i-y nf a serum which renders Im.as Inniiiiii" from Hie ravag es of i-biil"i-a and plague is an imp;>r- l-'ii't one. It means a great cb-l I" one of Die foremost American iudii-- tries, nnd Ihe bondits ariKiiit; fn in it arc almost Incalculable. The pri.pn- iralioii of Di" s-'i-nni n ijulres Die us. 1 of many animals. At Die exp.Tlmenl slalioii. wlii'i'i' il is made. lh-'iv in' 1 d/nikev.s, cuws. calves, iinilc.s and horses, .nil patiently submllli'g to the 1 process of In'oi'iilation and blood ilrawing. Strnnste as il may appear, mil a Mingle bog is IIM d in making the anliloxln lluld which is sndi a blessing to bis family. Il"gs have not been round well minuted to Hie pur- pen; 1 for which Die' Coverniiienl uses Ihe other animals. Iionkoys ale- the favorite's with Ihe experlnu'iilcrs. Tbe station at I'ellis.-da. Mil., eight miles from Washington, is a unique institution. On the we'll kept farm then 1 arc dozens i>f horses ami mules Hint arc strangers lo the plow atiel harness. There arc- cows wose days for giving milk are over, and whose lives, in the eyes of the scientist, are devoted to higher objects. The. ffann is presided over by Dr. Krnosl <'. Si-hroeder. a man who, although still young, has made a name In Die scicu- Dllc world. Dr. .1). K. Salmon. Chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry, said a few days ago: "Wo 'have 1 used serum on 1.000 animals tills year and have .saved over 80 per cent, of tliiise trenleil. Willie the 1 treatment was going on observations were made 1 of 1.1.00 lings In oilier herds not treated for the lack of Herum. and SO per cent. died. Last year the percentage of hogs saved out of --HI Inatcd Was To, while in oilier herds not (rented S", per cent, illed. Indian Signal Service. Travelers in une-ivill/.ed countries have often wondered how sonic s.'iv- ugo. tribes were :ll)h> to transmit news for hundreds of miles with no apparent fai'llitii'H for doing so. An Interesting light Is thrown on this subject by .lose Bai'b. who tells of the means by which Ihe Indians on tlie Amazon communicate with ewh other at a distance. The native's live 1 In groups of 101) to 200 persons. In setllenienlK ball a mile ol 1 a mile apart. In enc'u dwelling there Is a wooden drum, which is hurled for half its height In sanel mixed with fragiiienls of wood, bone and mica, and has a triple diaphragm of tail her, wood and rubber. When this drum is struck with a wooden mallet Hie sound t rave-Is far, and is distinctly honrd In Hie other drums In the neighboring dwellings. It, Is beyond doubt Dial the transmission of the sound lakes place through Die earth, slne-i- the' blows struck are scarcely audible cmlsddo of Hie houses in which tlii' Instruments are plae-eel. After a "mnloocn." or dwelling, lias been "called up" by an Initial blow, conversation is carried on between Die' Iwei drums. Mr. Bach's explanation Is that tile cntnmiinii-atloti is t'acili late'il by the' nature' of the ground, the ilruniK doubtless resl Ing upon one and the same' stratum of rock. siue'C' transmission through ordinary alluvial earth could not be depended upon. Tills method furnishes an ingenious nmdlllc'iiHon of Die process employed by Iliilians for ( perceiving distant noises isudi us the gallop of n horse", which consists in applying the ear to Die- earlli.--Si. Louis (llolii'-Demoi-rat. The Indian of the Philippines. Tin 1 riilllpplne Indian is simple In Ids nece'SslDcM and his lastes. Ills dulhini; consists of shirt and short trousers, Hi" shir! being Invariably worn Hillside (lie lroiiscr,s. lie usually gnc.s barefooted, bill wears on lib: head when lu Die woods and liedds Hii' salai'ot. a round bowl-shaped lihie-k hat. made- of narrow strips of some' line' species' of rattan. Tills is eil 1 several Hiic-iuii'sses anil is Impervious to rain, and serves passably well in case of need as a helmet or a dish to hold water or food. The women wear a short looso jacket or camlsa ami the saya. a piece 1 of doth wound around Ihe liliis and the' corner lucked In at the' wills! to secure 1 it. The woman's hat Is made of palm leal' or ratiaii. but with a broad brim, so Dial It nerves as an umbrella In case' of neeil. I have 1 seen two women shelierlng llii'iiisi'lvcs under one hat a.s they crossed Ihe street in the' rain. The ha! also serve- as a haski'i, ami In Di • market the women display (heir fruits or (lowers or lish upon II, plnccd on Hie ground before I hem. The Indian governors of the (owns and llielr council eif principal men. when they nllend church logcihcr en- on oilier slate occasions, wear short coats of black liroadcleilli over Hidr shirts, which still hang over the trousers below, and crowd (heir feet Inlo shoe's of Kiirei- pcan make'. Many of the liuliaii women of .Manila wear low slippers on Ihelr bare' feel. These are loo narrow for Hie' whole fool, and the litlle I.ie IM left In travi'l In I lie mud out slelev -Sclenllllc American. A Clilnene Permutation. A siory which, If not i rue', is not badly told, appears in The Boston Transcript, lo Ihe cITi'i-l Dial while Hi" hark e'ape rlly \VIIK al Hong Kong a Chinaman was engnge'el to paint Hie' ncccs.-ury name on e'lidi bow. lie' produced on one bow the legend "t'lipocliy," without a space between Ihe two words, Tbcu he imlcd that (In 1 "y" was nen res i lo the ship's stern and remembering tills tact, he 1 afforded an cM'dlenl e'.vuiuplc of bow severely loglc-al his riii-e can be, for in a llltle while he had painted on the oilii'i- bow Die- Kirllilng permmniion, "YDccpac," to Ills own, delight /Iml the rrcw'j uiua/.ciiiclll. In London (here Is a manufactory lu which eveiy kind ol' rare or uuulvut culll |u iuud«, AND NOW THEY'RE MAKING EflOS OUT OF MILK. THE BATTLESHIP ILLINOIS. flic Will He One of the Most Powerful VcmclH In Uncle Sam's Nnvjr. The battleship Illinois, which was recently launched at Newport News, Vn., will be ouej of the most powerful vessels iu Uncle Sam's navy. Her dimensions are: Length on load water Hue, ;i()8 feet; beam, extreme, 7^' feet '2% Indies; draft on normal displacement of 11,52." tons, U3 feet Ii Indies; maximum displacement, all ammunition and stores on board, VJ.MiT) tons; maximum Indicated horse power (estimated). 10,000; probable spned, 10'/j knots; normal coal supply, SOU tons; coal supply, loose storage, 1,200; full bunker capacity, 1,400 to 1,500 tons; complement ot officers, 40; seamen, marines, etc., 440. The main battery will consist of 4 13- Inch breech-loading rifles In Hlchborn balanced turrets, oval In shape, and placed In the center line of the vessel, and 15 0-lnch rapid-lire guns. The secondary battery will consist of 10 (!- pounder, rapid-fire guns, 4 1-pounder, rapid-fire guns, two Colt gnus, and two field guns. She will carry four torpedo tubes. The 13-inch guns have nn nrc of fire of 135 degrees on each side of the center line,, and the G-lneh an gotten the accident. She was soon brought (o her senses. "That Is my umbrella," said a sharp voice at her side 1 , and a hand was laid evn her arm to delalii her. Apologl/.ing for hw thoughtlessness, she left Die simp, did the rest of her business, and culled for her umbrellas. In the street-cur she met an indignant pair of eyes. Where had she seen them beforeV They scanned llrsl her face, and (hen the burden she curried. "Three 1 of Diem!" muttered the owner of the eyes, anil It was evident that she referred to tho umbrellas. "Three. 1 ! She's dlu no bad the day!" As she spoke she grasped her own umbrella, tightly, and moved farther away from the dangerous young lady. The color came into Hie cheeks of (he latter. The speaker was her friend of the morning, and she evidently believed that the umbrellas had been stolen from different establishments In the city. And the worst of it was, It looked as If it might be so. Kxtrnorcllnnry Chinese Superstitions The Chinese have some extraordinary superstitions In regard to music. According to their belief the Creator hid eight sounds In the earth for the ex- UB BATTr.KSHl'ILLINOIS. arc of t)0 degrees on the broadside, with the advantage of those on the upper deck of a direct fire ahead and astern. Any injury to or near cither oC these six-inch guns will be coiillued to its own compartment, as a I 1 /- steel splinter bulkhead separates eacli of these guns from its neighbor. Four powerful electric searchlights Are also provided— two on top of the forward charthotise nnd two on each side of the after military mast— all having an elevation of 25 feet above tho water line and commanding a complete all-round range. Russian Marriac" Ceremonies. In Russia there are some quaint marriage customs. The ceremony, as performed by a priest, includes the blessing of bread, after which lie joins their hands, asking each In turn whether they will vow to be good to each other and to keep house well. A wreath of wormwood Is then placed on their heads, symbolizing that even amid Ihe happiness of married life there Is a possibility of bitterness, and a concluding benediction Is pronounced. A striking custom follows. The priest drinks their health In a gilt wooden bowl, and is Imitated by husband anil wife, the former of whom subsequently dashes It upon tho ground, crushing it under his feet and shouting terrible Imprecntlons: "Let them be trampled upon and confounded who maliciously endeavor to create ill-will and do 111 otllco between us." Yet another quaint ami somewhat characteristic Russian custom follows. On reaching home the bridegroom orders his wife to take off his boots, nt the same time saying there- is n whip In one and a purse 1 lu tho other. Upon the fortune of her tlrst choice the poor wife force-lists tho severity or liberality of the man to whom her -life Is committed, Mutilation of Teeth l>y Mutilation of the teeth Is practiced by many of the savage or unclvlll/.ed nations of the world. In the Malay Archipelago the natives (lie Ihelr (eelli Into points like those of a saw, or pierce them with holes Into which they insert Ntnds. The Macassar people sometimes pull out two front teeth, In order to supply their plncn with teeth of pure gold or silver. Homo African tribes •knock out their front le'clh on the ground thnt they do not wish to leiolc like wild beasts. On Hie Upper .Vile four front teeth are always knocked out, but further south only the two upper Incisors are dispensed wllh. The Kuiida Islanders sometimes blacken all the teeth, but two with burned cocoanut, covering the two excopted tc'e'lh with tin plates of gold or silver. The same tribe are In tho habit of employing their old women to dress up tlie teeth of the youths and ntaldi'iis at wooing times. Tho canine leelh are Illed to a fine smooth edge, and the body of the tooth niadi 1 concave, or they will notch tho edge of tlio tenth like a lino saw as an additional means of beautifying, U Looked Had. A certain young lady, agalnm whom appearances certainly looked dark, once had an amusing experience of unjust judgment. Nhu went out on a stormy day, and was unforunalc enough to have her umbrella turned Inside out. Her two sisters were equally unlucky, and on the following day tho young lady volunteered to take the ihrco umbrellas lo he repaired. rromlslng to call for them before she ivlurncd home In tho afti'rnoon, she went about her business, part of wlildi was to do so;iic shopping In a large c-lly establishment. On rising In leave (he shop, sUu mechanically put out her bund to take pos»cns|on of an umbrella that wun closu by. It looked like lu-r »wu, ana for the qiomeut sho Iwtl fur- press purpose of compelling man to find them out. According to the Celestial Idea the eight primitive sounds are hidden in stones, silks, woods of various kinds, the bamboo plant, pumpkins, In the skins of animals, In certain earths and in tho air itself. Any one who has evc?r seen or listened to n Chinese orchestra will remember that their musical Instruments are made of all these materials except tlie last, and that the combined efforts of Hie other seve'n seemed better calculated to drive the ethereal sound away than to coax it from the air, whleh is really the object of all Chinese musical efforts. When the band plays, tho naive credulity of the people, both old and young, hears in the thuds and gongs and the wlii.s- tllng of the pipes the tones of the eternal sounds of the nature that wero originally deposited in the various animate and Inanimate objects by the all- wise Father. CLEVER RUSSIAN COUNT. lie Found a Wn.v of Bfntlnijr a Pei-Hinn Creditor's llnieiiic Method. In Persia, when a creditor falls to get his money In any other way, he appears In the debtor's house and sil.s down. Then he does, not move away till the delinquent pays up. He enters the debtor's sleeping apartments, if possible, and has his me-als brought In. A few years ago a Persian held an unsatisfied claim against the British (!ov- ernmi'iil, and he presented himself before the British minister one day am) camped out In his private olfice. The minister did not see the Joke, and scut for a policeman. Thnt made a lot of noUo and trouble, ami the Husslnn representative lu Teheran evidently learned a. lesson from It, for lie! managed a ease of the same kind much differently a fe'W weeks ago. Tlie 1 Persian who demanded money from the Itusslan (Count Kolomelnow) was a holy man, a dervish, ami when he sat down In the Uussian's anteroom In wait till the latter paid his disputed i.'lulm, Count Ivolomelsow Unew Hint lie could 110*1 get rid ol! him without much fuss and explanation. It Is against the laws, or at least the custom, which is just as linn, to touch a creditor who lake's this means of collecting inoui'y, so Die fount elid not throw him out. He thought over Die iiialtcr, and one morning lie sent for it lot of masons. Then he urilercil Ilicm to build a wall around the' dervish, who was sitting lu the middle" of Ihe room. The dervish watchi'd Diem placidly at llrsl, but when the- wall grew, and II became apparent Unit it woulil be compli'te'il soon, he jumped over It, ran away, and lias not been see-n slnc'C. They say Dial (he Count is (he lirst man In Teheran who has beaten a crcelltor of tills kiml without recourse lo the police'. Pall Mull Ca/.elte. Victoria's Vlows Jtruacler. (jueen Victoria, as sho grows nlder, becomes broader anil more 1 liberal on many questions, especially concerning Hie observance of Die Hnblmlh, luudi lo Hut dlslroH)) of many of her worthy subjects. Lust spring, In going lo am) from lUvlern, feir the first time In her life she traveled cm Sunday. UOKHOU ol' lOnisluiul'x Hupi'Oiiuicy. All Austrian professor, who believes In the value of hygiene, de'dares that Knglnnd largely owes her supremacy over either nations (o Dm national bathtub, and that the only sure way to outstrip Kngland Is lo beat her In thu usu of water. Jleiutilo-ICniry Tbo double-entry system of bookkeeping, now lu common me, was Ural In Italy lu thw latter part of ceutury. A WRONGED EMPRESS. Fickle Viennese Mncle.I.lf* of Umpremi KIlKiilictli iu'lriiulc us Her Death, 'The .Tubltee year was not nil joy lo the Austrian* because ot the estrangement of the empress from her people," writes lOdwnrd A. Slelner of "The Tragedy of n Jubilee Year" In the Woman's Home Companion. "Long n-,'0 she was Hielr idol. They loved the beautiful Bavarian pvlneess, wllh the face of an angel and the grnee ot n goddess. They swung their bats anil cheered as she rode? ou her splendid horse through the crowded avenues of tho Prater, ami the stories they told one another of IIIT goodness were not exaggerated. But the Viennese crowd Is fickle, and not only fickle, hut loves lei discuss nnd magnify a scandal, especially If It touches royalty. Stories come to the empress which wounded her pride and turned her from her tin- aginative and ungrateful subjects. She neglected Vienna and the Viennese, anil Hie people never forgave her for It. Since the death of her sou she has lived, like n nun and mourned like n> true; mother, while the guy Viennese longed for the pomp, glitter and glory of former days. Hers was a tragic life as well as a tragic death. She died a homeless, broken-hearted woman, nway| from the court of Vienna, which sho haled, and away from the people who had so cruelly wronged her. "Elizabeth was ti woman of superior mind. She was eccentric, but aiways pure, and far tew good n woman to be compelled to waste her life In the musty, scandal-breeding atmosphere ot llofburg lu Vienna. Francis Joseph, her husband, is a true llapsburg. lie is neither n great statesman nor a great' soldier. He has never ruled his people; he has been content to drift with the tide. During his reign Austria has lost ils once prominent place among the nations, and it Is now predicted by the best students of Hie political situation Hint the empire will go lo pieces before another quarter of a century has passed away. There is no statesman in Austria capable of averting this •Tilum- ity. The emperor, like his forefathers, loves the chase better than the business of governing, nnd-the chamois In the Alps nnd his many hunting-castles are his diversion and places of refuge." Admiral Bnmpson us an Inventor. The following story Is told of Admiral Sampson's inventive genius. It was in the early days of the new navy •when the incident occurred. The Admiral was at the time n lieutenant, and was in command of a small sailing vessel. For many years he had worked on a kind of anemometer, or wind gauge. It was his hobby, nud was nearer and dearer to him than all else In the world. Finally It was complete, nnd one day It stood on the roof of the cabin, that protruded for some distance above the deck. The little boat was rocking Idly; to and fro in a calm. Lieut. Sampson 1 was below enjoying a siesta. Suddenly a gust ot wind rippled the water; the, mainsail boom swung violently across' the deck. Smash! and over into the' fathomless deep went that precious' anemometer. "Orderly," called the officer of the deck. "Yes, sir," responded the blue-jacket, saluting. "Inform the commander of the ship that his anemometer has gone overboard." "Yes, sir." The orderly made for the cabin companion-way. "And. orderly " "Yes, sir." "Break it to him gently."—Saturday Evening I'ost. Family Influence. They arc telling a good story against the Boston child, which may be a chest-, nut for aught one knows; but if It has been going the rounds, I have not met it until the other day.' It seems a Boa- ton mamma was Instructing her little daughter bow to behave when she went to luncheon at the bishop's house. "Now, dear, when the butler hands you something the llrst time, take a little on your plate. When ho comes the second time, you may help yourself to a little more; but, Die third time you must say, 'No, thank you,' just as you always do at home." So the little Boston child went to the bishop's house to lunch, and came home much delighted with her Visit. "Did you do just as 1 toh\ you, darllugV" Inquired mamma anxiously. "Yes, I did," was Ihe reply. "I took something very nice when It was handed to mo the llrst time, and then, when tho butler came again, I took a Uttle more, but the third time I said: 'No, thank you.' But when he came the fourth time, you hadn't told me what to do, so I just thought of papa, and said: '.No, d—n you!' "—Boston Herald. For Napoleon's Sake. Some people are very fond of telling a story that has n catch in it, and so taking their listeners In. Hero Is a sample of what I mean: Once, when in Paris, Napoleon paid a, visit to a hospital for old soldiers. Among the inmates was an old man who had lost an arm. The Emperor asked him: "Where did you lose your nrmV" "At Au&terlltz, sire." "Then, no doubt, you curse the Km- peror and your country for your fate?" "On the contrary," said the veteran, "for the Kmporor and my country I would suerlfl.ee my ol.hor arm." "i caii hardly ljellove.lt," anld the Emperor. The soldier Immediately drew a'tuber .from Its sheath and lopped off the other arm. "A most sublime act of self-saerilice," said the old lady who had been listen- Ing to the yarn, totally forgetting the Impossibility of a one-armed man cutting off his remaining arm. London Tld-Blts. Words Alike ijither Way. Adda, Anna, ball, bib, bub, civic, dad, deed, dollied, devlved, did, dood, ecec, eye, ewe, eve, gog, gig, gag, level, madam, inaram, 110011, lion, oho, pup, peep, pip, pop, pup, wider, refer, repa- per, reviver, rotator, sees, selles, sexes, shulis, sis, slrls, semes, stcllets, tat, tenet, tit, toot, tot, tilt, wnw, weluw, An lull H'ont ( hlrkcii. Mrs. Boarden—Mow do you llud the chicken Kotip, Mr. Boarder? Mr. Boarder—I have no dllUeulty la finding the soup, minium, but I uui Inclined to think the chicken will prove nil nllbl. , ItcMlMtocJi Itruvoly. Magistrate (sternly)--You're a pltl- Ublo specimen of Immunity, What urought you to all this degradation ami disgrace? J'rlKOiKir (proudly)—It took three po- lleeiucu. If Justice Is lllcu most women, uho drops her nettles every few hours to gut la them tuid nee how much «ho woluhs. No social uil'air Is a success If onis thing In 'I'" H*t of refresh meat U d! getjtlble. After a cusu in lout it client llOM U* 01 t»l» Klrby(&loomH.y)-"Wheatwent down from one dollar nnij five to nlnoty-four conls lo-UnyV" Mrs. Klrby— "I thought men didn't believe In bargain iin.ys," 8hc--Jnlie and Joe are engaged, but they have decided to keep their engagement a secret; .Tullti told me so. He—YM, I know It; .Too told me.—Tit! Bits. Mr. Onbber—There |g n man In Now York erecting n monument to Ananias. Mrs. Onbber—For tho land's snkel Ami whnt material Is he using? Mr, Gab- ber—Wnr extras.—Puck. lie—"There nro two periods in ft man's life when he never understands a woman." She—"Indeed! And whoa nre Ihey'i"' lie—"Before he Is unit- 1'lod, nnd afterward."—Life. "Whnt office does your husband hold In (he lodge?" "He's the secretary." "Iiceordlng or permanent?" "Permanent, I guess. lie's held It slxieen years."-Chicago Tribune. Mrs. Callalinn—"1 want to got a pair of shoes for the little bye." Shopman—. "French kid, ma'am?" Mrs. Callahan (Indignantly)—"Indeed not; he's mo own son, born and bred In Amorlky." "1 think I know now," snld the soldier who was making n determined effort to masticate his first ratlou of army beef, "what people mean when they talk about the sinews ot war."—Chicago Tribune. Smlthers (society poet)—I am thinking of Issuing a volume with wide margins. Do you like (he Idea? Miss Do Facto (warmly)—Indeed, yon cannot make your margins too wide for me. I aelurc blank verse. Mrs. Tlnimis—I hear your cook Ims left you. What was (ho trouble? Mrs. nock well—Our kitchen Is so small that she had to put her bicycle In the cellar, and sho thought the dampness wasn't good for it.—Cleveland Plain Denier. • "Do you remember," snld Miss Ancient to Colonel Crabtree, "how when yon were a young man you proposed to mo nud I rejected you?" "It Is one of the happiest recollections of my life," snld tho colonel, with nu air o£ gallantly. Barnes—"Do you believe there Is such a thing as pure patriotism?" Sheild— "Of course there Is, There Is Howes, for example. lie Is willing to serve his country as a colonel, and lie doesn't insist that ho shall bo sent away from home, either." Wiley— "Do you think there Is a nwa that could conscientiously say to bla wife, 'You nre the only woman I ever loved?' " Hubby—"Only one that I can think of." Wifey—Who? You, dwirest?" Hubby—"Ob, no; Adam."- lioston Traveler. Insurance Agent—"We can't Insure you." Old Man—"Why not?" Insurance Agent—"You are ninety-four .years old." Old Man—"What of that? Statistics will tell you that fewer men die at ninety-four than any other age." —Baltimore Jewish, Comment. Tired Baird—"W'ot would yer rodder, bo dan. all else In de world, Barney?" Barney Iveegnn—"A horsplttle convval- esceut, pnrd. All yer he* to do Is jest lay dere In bed au' bo waited on by do hull fleet dat don't do n t'ng but soak mirrlshiii' feed an' brandy inter yer."— Leslie's Weekly. Mrs. Jonslng—"DIs hyah new mln- IstaJi a.m a fine preachah, but he am de leanes" and sklnnles' young man I ebbah see!" Mrs. Black—"Yes, an' lie done tole mah husband, whnt weighs two hundnrd an' fo'ty, to bewar' IDS' he should be weighed in de balance an' ('e)iin' wnntin'!"—PueK, First Citizen—1C you bad any doubts of the guilt of Mrs. Borgia, the nllegeil poisoner, why did you vole to hang her? Second Citizen (who was on the jury)—Well, you see, the trial made her so notorious that wo knew If we didn't hang her, she'd soon be appearing on the stage. 1 .—Xew York Weekly. "I could settle Spain's hash for tef mighty quick," remarked the confident- looking young man. "There's other hash to bo settled for, Mr. Backboard," grimly replied the landlady. And silence ensued, while the boarders fell to reckoning bow to strengthen pur fleet with tho butter.—Washington Star. A young widow put up a costly monument to her late husband, and inscribed upon It: "My grief Is so great that I cannot bear It." A year or so Inter, however, she married again; aud feeling a littlo awkwardness about the Inscription, she solved tbo dlflleulty by adding one word to It—"alone."—London Figaro. "Let mo see some of your black kid gloves," snld a lady to a draper's assistant. "These are not the latest style, nro they?" sho asked, when tin gloves were produced. "Yes, madam" replied Lhu man; "we have hud them In stock only two days." "1 didn't think they were; the fashion pn»or« sny black kids have tnn stitches, and vice versa. I seo the tan stitches, hut not the vice versa," The assistant explained that tbo vice versa .was French for sevun buttons, so sho bought three pnlrs.-Tit-B|ts. "I think we really ought to give out attention to making things that will be of value to tho boys at the front," Mil 1 ! the one In pink. Tho one In blue laughed scornfully. "Has (hat just occurred to you" she asked. "1 began on something for Chnrllo the very dny he left with the troops." "Oh, do tell me what It was," exclaimed tho one In plnfc "An embroidered sofa-pillow," ansivcf- ed tho one lu blue, proudly. "lie al- wnys used to stiy that there was nutU' Ing so comfortable! for a tired man lisa real good sofa-pillow and a Imuiuwls.' 1 —Chicago Evening I'ost. How tlio Hruhliiaii ClcuiiHltlii Tooth. When tho Hruhmau cleans his lecth ho must nso n siniill twig eul I' 1 '"" 1 one of a number of certain trees, and before ho cuts It ho must make his known to tho goda of tho woods, must not Indulge lu thin cleanly habit every day. He must abstain on the. sixth, the eighth, tho ninth, the four-1 teenth, the ttftoontb, and tuejfwt day! of tbo moon, on tUo day* ot ttow and I full moon, on tUo Tuesday lu ovory| week, on the day of tho coimWlltu on under whleh ho wus born, on tbo day of tho week and on tho dny ot the month which correspond wllh thouo ot his birth, iii «n eclipse, ut ih« conjunction of the (iluuuU, at tno equinoxes and other unlucky opoelvs, nnd also on the anniversary of tbo deaUi of bis father or mother. Any one who cleaim his teeth wltu bin hit Of stick 0:1 any „( th» ulioviHiiflntlonud dflys will 1mvo hull as his portion, I'ny ot Hlottiiioi-Capt'in anil Crew. The biliary of a captain of u iti'Ulnii ti'UUMitluullc Huor IK $5.000 n year. Tho waeutf of tho wen tiro iiUuut $-'1! per month, )* work to notice!; woils , it to to •'

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