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Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 90—No. 215 Carroll, Iowa, Saturday, September 12,1959—Eight Pages Delivorcd by Carrier Boy Bach J Q 8lngl« Evening for 35 Cents Per Week Copy Russians Fire Rocket Toward Moon Automation, Chemicals, a Free Farmer- ^ Expected to Sttohm Tells What Will Startle Nikita at Coon Rapids Reach Goal Late Sunday By JOHN STROHM NEA Special Correspondent (Cupvi 'lKtil Hl'iH liv NKA Service > COON RAPIDS, Iowa—Nikita Khrushchev is coming to the heart of the food belt to try to find out for himself why agriculture—America's greatest success—is communism's biggest failure. Russia's much publicized collective farms are a foot- dragging brake on Soviet industrial progress. Even today the Soviet Union needs 100 million people on the land— 50 per cent of all its workers —to provide a bread-potato- cabbage diet for its people. By contrast, only II per cent of tin" U.S. population works on the land. And our fanr|s produce more food than we can eat. sell, or give away despite 25 years of U.S. attempts to restrict production. Why Coon Rapids? Recausc Roswcll <Bob< Garst lives here, and he's the one man 1 know who fold Khrushchev the truth about what's wrong with So\ let agriculture. This craggy-faced, blunt - spoken farmer raises hybrid seed corn, feeds 2.000 cattle, owns and operates 1.000 acres of land and manages another r >.00() acres. He is a capitalist in every sense of the Word. Why Rob Garst? V. V. Matskcvich. Soviet minister of Agriculture "whom I showed ground the United States in 1955 at the request of the State Department 1 , saw Garst's farms and invited him to the Soviet Union. Garst wen! U> Russia, sold Khrushchev some hybrid corn and so impressed the Soviet Premier with i Ins blunt opinions on how Russian j agriculture could be put on the right track that Khrushchev invited himself to Coon Rapids. The Russian quoted the old Uk- lanian proverb: "It is 100 times better to see than to hear." Here are some of the things Khrushchev will see in this small farming community of 1.700 that v ill jolt him out of his collective shoes; He will see a l.()00-acre farm that yielded 125 bushels of corn per acre last year, and will make nearly !i)0 bushels per acre this year despite dry weather. Such yields on such a broad scale are unheard of in Russia. Khrushchev will see corn being picked mechanically, hauled in wagons that unload hudraulically into elevators that carry c o r n through a drying machine to be shelled and stored without man's muscle doing more than pushing buttons and operating levers. Garst produces corn with three minutes of a man's labor. The record on the best state larms ! saw in the Soviet Union is 2.2 hours. Khrushchev will see 2.000 cattle converting corn cobs into T-bono sieaks. Cobs ordinarily are burned as waste are ground and mixed with an exact formula ol molasses, vitamins and proteins. Labor-saving machinery powered by small motors fitted with automatic controls feeds the cattle with a mini-: mum of labor. We sort of take care : of the cattle in our spare time. | In Russia, taking care of 15 or' 20 cattle is a full-time job for one man. : Khrushchev will see the Garst I seed feed ol hybrid grain sorghum! which out yields corn and is a surer crop on dry land. The Soviets i waste vast areas of dry land. Ncv-. crtheless. they are so preoccup- pied with Khrushchev's corn cam-) paign they have turned a deal car. to this promising crop. ) Khrushchev will see a contrap tion 50 feet high that Garst and his j greatly boost yields of corn, sor mechanically-minded helpers have i ghum and pasture. Clover and le- built to dry sorghum before thrash-1 gumes are obsolete, believes Garst. ing. In America the competition of! He can buy nitrogen cheaper. Ni- machinery manufacluers and the j trogen. for example used in the ingenuity of farmers have mec'n-1 form of urea supplies synthetic pro- anized all phases of farming. In tein to livestock. , Russia they build big machines but make lew monkey wrenches. Khrushchev will see something of the near - magic of chemical farming. Garst and other farmers are using nitrogen fertilizer to thousand bushels of 1958 surplus. | ture is that it permits the Ameri And the third is ready for the 1959 I can consumer to cat the best diet crop — biggest in history. j in the world by spending only 24 The Soviet leader will see three large, Garst - owned, shiny warehouses each capable of holding 240,000 bushels of corn. One warehouse is full of 1957 government surplus corn. Another holds 150 Khrushchev never had a headache like these surpluses. Chronic feed and grain shortages in the Soviet Union make butter, beef and lard a luxury. For example, they produce only 55 per cent as much meat per capita as the U.S. Garst, somewhat of a crusader, sees this food surplus as a great opportunity for America. The great triumph of American agricul- percent of his income. In Russia people must spend 50 per cent of their income lor food and they eat very poorly by comparison. Garst. leels that most of the world's troubles stem from the desperation born of hunger. That's why he wants to see our surplus food used as an instrument for peace. He feels communism cannot survive prosperity. That's one reason he's so anxious to help the; He says crop rotation is as old- Kussians improve their agricul- ; fashioned as horses — and he de- ture. i lights in needling agricultural col- In Garst, Khrushchev will meet ! leges who still teach judging of an outspoken man who is impatient! "draft horses." with "averages," who believes in | taking risks, who likes to make his 1 own decisions and who has been a pioneer in advanced farming prac-1 tices. For example, he says the corn 1 stalks and corn cobs we waste each year would provide beef for millions, i Khrushchev will eat fried chicken and corn on the cob in a rambling farm house — now air conditioned with a swimming pool in the back yard. Mrs. Khrushchev, says Mrs. Garst. will have a chance to sec the school house, visit hoirtes of Strolim See Page 7 GARST AND HYBRID CORN: Craggy-faced, blunt-spoken. 7 in Family Killed in Cor, Train Crash WASECA. Minn fAP' — "I've worked hard. I had a lovely wife, wonderful children Now everything is gone Everything. It's an empty feeling." James Zimmerman sadly shook his bowed head in voicing his heartbreak over the train - car crash that snuffed out the lives of his wile and six children. A Minneapolis & St. Louis freight train smashed into their station wagon Friday at a crossing just half a block from the Sacred Heart Catholic School, where four of the children attended classes. Killed at the scene were Michael 10; Connie, 8; Barbara. 7: .James Jr. 5, and Janice. 2. Kathryn. 13. died shortly afterward, and Mrs. Zimmerman. 39, three hours later at a Waseca hospital. 1 All but James and Janice were enrolled at the school—they had just gone along for the ride from the Zimmerman farm, -!'L> miles east of here A coroner's jury viewed the bodies Friday night, then recessed until next week, after the funeral, for its verdict. Tidy Up Roads and Farms For Khrushchev Visit COON RAPIDS 'AP> - There'll | be no weeds along Iowa Highway 141 for Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev to see if State Highway Commission mowers can help it. That's along the route the Russian leader will travel by car to the Roswell Garst farm when he \isits this state Sept. 22-23. Growths along the right-of-way up to the fence lines usually are kept mowed but cutters have been out in force on this occasion. Some farmers also are reported getting busy to have their farmyards looking in first class shape. At Bagley Frank Cannon of Guthrie Center, foreman of the Guthrie County highway crew, conceded that a little extra effort is being exerted although he said the mowing work was just routine. ! "It's going to look pretty good," he said. Khrushchev and his party will travel along Highway 141 on the to mile trip from Des Moines to j Coon Rapids Sept. 23. Lawrence Denies Role to Oust Butler WASHINGTON (AP) — Gov. David L. Lawrence of Pennsylvania denies that he has joined Southern democrats in a try at unseating Paul M. Butler as chairman of the National Democratic Committee. Butler made the accusation Friday night in a statement that said the school segregation issue is involved. But in Harrisburg. Pa., Lawrence replied that "it is ridiculous to suggest that I share the views of segregationists." In fact, he added, it was Butler himself who associated with Southern committee members in the past. The conflict between Butler and Lawrence could reach a climax next Wednesday, when the National Committee will meet here. Butler said that Lawrence had mailed some committee members the same material being circulated by Southerners clamoring for the chairman's removal. This material. Butler indicated, reproduces memos signed by him in 1954. In one of the memos. Butler said: "I do not consider the question of segregation a political, issue. 1 see no reason for any j chairman of our party at any 'evel to project segregation into our political discussions. Lawrence, a veteran national committeeman for Pennsylvania. • in his statement denied affiliating with the Southerners in any attempt to oust Butler. J "Chairman Butler is obviously! mistaken," he said. "It was he | who was associated with the Southerners in December, 1954. 1 when he was elected national i chairman in New Orleans. His' signature is on the paper for all to see." In his statement Friday night, butler said he was "sorry that Gov. Lawrence did not see fit to discuss this matter with me beiore circulating it to members of the National Committee." Butler said he signed the 1954 memos a short time after the Supreme Court had outlawed public school segregation. At that time, the chairman said, integration was not a political issue. Governor— C. E. Mcllvain of Carroll has been appointed area governor of Toastnuistor Clubs succeeding Lloyd Otto of Carroll. The appointment was made by District Governor Harold C. Lounsberry of Davenport. Mr. Mcllvain will have jurisdiction over clubs of West Central Iowa which comprise Area 6 of District 19, Toastmasters International. He will visit clubs of the area and help to organize new units. Pour More Surpluses Into School Lunches Ike May Act Soon to End Steel Strike DES MOINES (AP)-Millions of pounds of foodstuffs and more than a million dollars in federal funds are earmarked for Iowa's 1959-60 school lunch program. State Department of Public Instruction officials estimated Saturday this year's allotments of surplus government commodities will Plan Parade In D. M. for Khrushchev DES MOINES (AP)-Soviet Premier Khrushchev's introduction to Iowa will be in the fashion of a parade here, according to present plans. • Some city officials believe that i 021 available to the state's esti- many lowans will want to get a ' mated 1H0 private schools for their look at the Russian leader and i llltK ' n programs, their best chance will be during ! Each school receives four cents equal or surpass the 8.31(1.1)75 pounds of food poured into last year's lunch program in Iowa. During the 19515-59 school year, department officials said, schools received 1.278,800 pounds of flour. 1.1 (55.1)00 pounds of butter, 482.429 pounds of frozen turkey and 87,400 pounds of blackberries plus other foodstuffs. This year, the government is providing green beans, butter, cheese, cherries, cornmeal, dried eggs, flour, powdered milk, canned peaches, peas and rice to supplement the schools' regular food purchases. The federal government also is providing $1,338,725 to reimburse schools for lunch expenses, compared to $1,435,087 provided during the 1958-59 year. Department officials said the government also is making $188,- IOWAN KILLED FULTON. 111. iAP '-Lce Daniels of Marshalllown, Iowa, was killed Saturday in an accident involving three trucks on Highway 30 about five miles east of Fulton. Russians May Try to Settle Sino-lndian Border Dispute NEW YORK 'API—Negotiations in the 60-day-old steel strike continued today with increasing indications that the White House may soon take a hand to end the crippling walkout. The National Governors Conference Friday launched a move', intended to bring President Eisen- • bower into the negotiations. I The President has maintained that he plans no direct action until the national health and safety j are threatened. At that point he j is expected to invoke the power ; granted to him under the Taft- Hartley Act and force both sides to resume production for an 80- 1 day period. ! Such a move was not expected • until next month, but reports are that strike effects are now ap- ! proaching crippling proportions for the national economy. ! Besides the half million steel! workers idled by the strike 175,1000 other workers in allied field:' ! have been laid off. and steel in- ;\entories. acquired before the strike in anticipation of a shutdown, are reported to be running out. Many small companies are j halting production. I This was the background Friday ' as the National Governors Conference announced it would poll key governors next week on the desirability of seeking a meeting on the matter with President Eisenhower. the trip downtown from the Des Moines Airport. Gov. Herschel Loveless, Mayor Charles F. lies and Frank De- Puydt. president of the Chamber of Commerce, will head the greeting party at the airport. Loveless is expected to ride in a car with Khrushchev and Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations. If weather permits this is expected to be a Cadillac convertible. 1 Khrushchev's wife, sons and two ! daughters are due to have prominent places in the parade north to [ Fleur Drive, east on Locust to Tenth Street and south a block to I the Fort Des Moines Hotel. meal dispensed during agreement been made G!)(i school for ctich the year. The department said on lunch programs has between the state and districts. Almost every town in Iowa has schools participating in the lunch program, the department said. A record enrollment at most public and private schools across the state this year apparently led to the increased allocation of food from federal surpluses. Department officials were quick to point out, however, that govern- Lunclies ....... See Page 7 Walter Johnson Family Hurt in Crash WESTSIDE - Mr. and M r s. Walter Johnson and son Tommy of Westside are still hospitalized i at LeMars as a result of injuries j received in an accident Monday. ! Mr. Johnson suffered a brain > concussion: Mrs. Johnson, neck injuries, and Tommy, a punctured lung. 1 The Johnson car. which was demolished, collided with a parked caterpillar tractor on a newly- completed black top road near Alton about 8 p.m. Monday. j Five other children in the fam- : ily. Ronnie, Russell, Karen, Diane and Paul, received bumps and cuts and were released from the i hospital the next morning. They are staying with their grandmoth- 1 er, Mrs. Florentine Mai, at Remsen. Letters Out in Children's Drive Carroll County citizens are receiving letters asking for their support for the children under the care of the Iowa Children's Home Society. The statewide Agency has served 98 youngsters and adults from Carroll County regardless of race, religion, or the ability to pay. During 1958, adoptive homes in Iowa received 79 children, 2(59 children were cared for in foster homes, anil 15(5 unwed mothers received care and counselling. Those who do not receive a letter and wish to make a contribution are asked to contact one of the following volunteers: Mrs Paul Pascoe and Beta Upsilon Chapter of Kpsilon Sigma Alpha Sorority; Mrs. W L. Reitz. vice-president, Carroll; Mrs. Lor- ctta Kuebler, Lidderclale. No Passengers; Precedes Prem! ier # s U.S. Visit By STANLEY JOHNSON j MOSCOW (AP) — The So- j viet Union fired another rocket toward the moon today and said it would help open the , way to interplanetary flights. ! This new rocket was | launched into space at 25,162 m.p.h. on the weekend before Premier Nikita Khrushchev makes his heralded visit to the United States. The announcement of the new launching made no mention of any passenger, not even a dog such as previous Soviet rockets had carried. There had been suggestions in the West that the Soviets might launch a man into space to coincide with Khrushchev's arrival in the United States. The United States fired a rocket carrying a 13-pound satellite past the moon and into solar orbit last March 2. It sent back clear radio signals from more than 400.000 miles out in space and then went dead four days later. Today's Soviet moon rocket was the Soviet Union's second attempt. On Jan. 2 the Soviets announced firing a l'ii-ton satellite into orbit around the sun. It passed close to the moon. Radio contact with this first Soviet moon shot was lost at 374,000 miles. Second Attempt Today's launching had great political significance here. The announcement electrified this nation, which is preparing an enthusiastic send-off for Premier Khrushchev, who leaves Tuesday for conversations with President Eisenhower. The rocket's various parts were crammed with scientific instruments designed, among other things, to make studies of the magnetic fields of earth and moon. Soviet scientists appeared confident the shoot will be successful. The announcement, for which all Moscow Soviet radio programs were interrupted, said: "In accordance with the program for space exploration and preparations for intreplanetary flight, the Soviet Union today successfully launched the second space rocket. "The rocket has been fired to study the cosmic space en route to the moon." Gonl Sunday "It is expected to reach the moon at 12:05 a.m. Moscow time Sept. 14," the announcement said. That is 4:05 p.m. Sunday, Eastern Standard Time The moon is a target about 2,1(50 miles in di- Koeket See Page 7 The Weather CARROLL FORECAST Cool again Saturday ni^ in upper 40s. High Sunday per 70s. Continued fair. lit. Lows in up- IOWA FORECAST Not much change in temperature Saturday night and Sunday. Lows Saturday night 42-52 Highs Sunday 75-85. Outlook lor Monday —Fair and slightly warmer. By WATSON SIMS NEW DELHI. India 1 AP' Prime Minister Nehru was heckled by opposition members in Parliament today on charges of apprising Red China in the border dispute. They tailed on the government hi use bombs—it necessary — to dislodge C h i n c s c Communist troops from Indian territory. Nehru angrily accused the opposition ot unrealistic "brave gestures" and rejected the suggestion to use force. The Hareiip came even as Nikita S. Khrushchev appeared to be making headway in getting Pei- LITTLE LIX '1 lie Weather in Carroll I Daily Temperuture*. Courtesy lnwa I'uhlle *er\lci! Company) Yesterday's high Yesterday's low _ At 7 a.m. today . At 10 a.m. today _ Veather A Year Ago— Skies were clear a year day. The high temperature day was 62, the low, 60. ago to- for the There is as much authority in families today as ever—only now tilt* kids exercise it. piug and the Nehru government to cool off their hot border dispute which has been casting a' shadow over his impending mis- ; s;on to the United States. ! Alter clays of flinging bitter charges of aggression against each other, the two giant Asian countries gently tossed out peace feelers Friday in their quarrel involving roughly 35.000 square miles of frontier territory. i Red Chin a's parliamentary Standing Committee, called into a special session Friday to hear a I icport on the dispute, is meeting! again today. I Peiping and New Delhi have IK th welcomed the Moscow state- 1 meni on Wednesday appealing to tin m to resolve their border feud peacefully. A pro-Communist Indian weekly this morning suggested Khrusli- i hev may offer himself as an intermediary after his 12-day tour of the United States beginning Tuesday with the professed purpose of easing international tensions. The Soviet Premier has announced already he will' visit Pei ping for conlei'cnces with Chinese Communist leaders Sept. 29 on his return home. Under the headline "Khrush-, chev may visit Delhi after Pei ping." the leftist Bombay newspaper Blitz speculated this morning in a front page story. "He will certainly use this oc-i casion to begin moves for a settlement ol the India - China dispute," Blitz said. "It is not unlikely that the irrepressible Soviet leader might make a dramatic personal appeal at Delhi on a peace mission." Official Indian sources say they know nothing to confirm rumors that Khrushchev may visit New Delhi. Prime Minister Nehru told reporters Friday the Soviet statement on the dispute issued through the news agency Tass was "a very lair statement" and also a "very unusual statement for the Soviet government to sponsor." Moscow carefully refrained from taking sides. While adopting a more moderate tone in pressing their claims to the disputed frontier territory, India and Peiping are still holding to their historical rights to ownership. They left the door open for negotiations, however. Crisp Weather Through Sunday 1 lie Associated Press crisp tall weather is continue through to ex- Sun- IS.v Iowa peeled day. Spencer reported the Saturday morning low of 38 degrees, and other lows ranged up to 48 at Ottumwa and Council Bluffs. Lows Sunday morning will be in the upper 40s and lower 50s, with highs Sunday ranging from the upper 70s to the lower 80s. Little change in temperature is expecied unii) Monday, when slightly higher readings are expected. Howard Kramers Moving to Omaha Mr and Mis. Howard Kramer and children Dean, Douglas, Dan and Dawn Irene, are moving today from the residence.at 1124 North Court Street, which they have sold, to 3251 South 72nd Ave., Omaha. Mr. Kramer, branch manager lor Peerless Equipment Company, has been wmking in Omaha for the i past three months. Hey, You're in the Wrong Lane! One of the Air Force's newest, fastest jets, the Republic K-105 fighter-bomber that normally zips along nt 1,400 miles an hour, picks its way down a .Miami, Fla., street at a bare ',' inph. It was en route to a display area lor the Air Force Assn. convention. The Thundcrchicf made its 13-mile road trip alter flying from Seymour Johnson AFH at Ooltlsboro, N.C., where it i» in service with the Tactical Air Coininuiid.