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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1963 Editorials . . . What we think about... Peking's Gripe... Chicago Fair Housing Chinese Fear Subversion ? If latest Peking charges are valid, there'* no more honor among Communist thieves than among any other kind, apparently. And Russia has been treating Red China about the same as it has every other nation to which it ha* offered assistance. One of the causes of the present disruption between the two, says a statement released by Red China in reply to a recent one by Russia, is Moscow's efforts to penetrate China by its offers of assistance. Russia had agreed by treaty to help the Chinese get nuclear weapons. But it manipulated the offer into an effort at taking over Red China from within. It was going to insist that the Russians handle the nuclear weapons. We have seen this happen more dramatically at our door as Russia moved into Cuba with weapons and other aid. So we can place some credence in the Chinese charge. Our Demands the Same We don't need to point out that these are exactly the same conditions we are exacting in our deploy- ment of nuclear weapons among our own allies. We, too. insist that our weapons must be handled by our own experts at all times. And this has got us crosswise with France, though our other friends have accepted our explanation that it is safer for the world if only a few highly responsible nations are in possession of nuclear weapon secrets. The difference is that Russia has been using any kind of presence of its military or technical people to begin a bit for takeover of authority, wherever they go. Start at Wrong End Despite long lines of pickets in front of City Hall last week, Chicago's City Council passed faif housing legislation. Opponents contend the new ordinance, which bans racial discrimination by real estate agents, is unconstitutional. Counsel for the city administration, however, maintains it can be sustained. The measure is not a complete open occupancy ordinance. It does not prohibit discrimination by individual home owners in real estate sales. In view of this legislature's or Congress" failure to enact law that would establish a beginning of in- terracial fairness in real estate dealing, at least the Chicago ordinance is a beginning — probably at the wrong end. It has been our contention, that state and national legislation will be needed for full fairness. Desegregation in Reverse Localized regulation such as Chicago proposes, particularly if limited to smaller communities already competing with suburbs for residents, could easily result in the very thing anti-discrimination measures seek to avoid. What is sought, in the long run, is the breakup of Negro ghettos and the integration of races in residential real estate. As long as there is a convenient place to run to, however, white men, who do not trust each other to stay put, will be suckers for the "block buster." Still, the action in Chicago, in absence of state and federal legislation, could be given some thought in other areas. To Prepare for Disaster It's been some time since the city has suffered a disaster which struck suddenly causing a number of injuries and deaths. Perhaps a few years back we had enough close together to last us for a while. The disaster organization in the area, however, sparked by the Red Cross, is taking no chances on such a possibility. Realizing the community organization hasn't had any major cases to work on lately, it is planning a synthetic one of its own, just to make sure the wheels go around right. Now it is planning a "tornado" due to strike Upper Alton and causing more than 30 casualties, with a view to testing a hospital's ability to handle the situation. Other agencies of the community, including usually used ambulances, and Explorer Scouts, will join in the drill. The community owes much to the folks who give of their jcime and thought to work out these problems in advance of emergencies so that operations can run more smoothly when they do happen. And happen they do. We've seen ,it! Reason for Veto Delay Governor Kerner has been criticized aharply by hi, opponents for his long delay in anmnmctng veto o restate school .id bill which would have rarted Stance from $252 to $297 a year per pup.l, on average daily attendance basis. Perhaps the school districts which have been led to believe it was inconsiderate to force planning of L budgets - one to allow for no ,ncre«e, the other recognizing an increase in the ass.stance - Will understand the governor's explanation g.ven m a pres, conference last. week. The governor pointed out that he sympathized with the school aid increase, but, recognizing that ma ny other things had to be financed, deferred vetoing fe u,uil he was certain no additional fund, would be left for the raise. At least he was honest with his public. Some of his critics have been striking at h« failure to veto other expensive items, but to date they have generalized. They know well what reaction would be brought down on them by an attempt to be specific. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Negro-U.S. Plight Linked The plight of the American Negro is the plight of the United States, with a 20 million minority group. More than the whole populations of some countries. We have talent and skills going to waste, solely on the basis of race. The prestige of the United States have lowered considerably in a lots of non-Caucasian countries. A lot of Americans today, especially the slower thinking, are more interested in holding the Negro back than in trying to deter communism. We should be united to fight it. It is incredible to read a letter, such as Mr. Stecker's saying that at no rime had he had to sit down,-sit in, sit up, sing religious songs, march 'on Washington, tried to move in on his neighbor's well-being, or cried about his rights in this country. He has always been free, enjoying his rights as a American citizen. It is astonishing to find any United States citizen saying he is at a loss to understand just what more the American Negro wants. I can be very specific. The American Negro wants only the rights of any other American citizen. In our National Anthem we say "the land of the free." In our pledge of allegiance to the flag we say "freedom and justice for all." I don't recall words in either that specify "for white only." Is it right for a President or governor to take an oath to uphold the laws and Constitution and willfully disobey the parts that he disagrees with? David Lawrence Bombing Defeats Rules of Reason WASHINGTON—The tragedy of Birmingham reflects the conflicts of angry men. It emphasizes a defeat for the rule of reason and a triumph for the spirit of monocracy. To preach non-violence, yet to sanction street "demonstrations" which incite to violence, is to stir up the deepest emotions. Under such circumstances, men on both sides tend to feel rather than to think. Responsibility for the recent outbreaks of violence will be attributed by each side to the other in the "integration" controversy. It will be said that, if the churches themselves had not become active participants in the public demonstrations, there would have been less resentment in the communities. It will be argued in reply that there was no other way to dramatize what was felt to be an innate injustice both in law and morality. There is no question about the fact that the bitterness of those who have been discriminated against because of race or color produces an anger that often brushes aside pleas for a rule of reason and for the operation of a system of law. Not so many years ago, the anger of the mob caused the lynching of many an innocent man. The mob always felt sure that the suspect was guilty and cried out: "Why wait for the courts—he's guilty!" The cry today is: "Why wait for the process of law—it's too slow!" The air is filled with threats. It is being said that, unless this or that reform is immediately granted, there will be race violence. No constructive purpose is served by such threats and, when uttered by clergymen, they are even more discouraging. For what is lacking in the controversies today is the restraint that comes from a true religious spirit. St. Thomas Aquinas in his famous book said: "The angry man is energetic in the pursuit of justice. But anger can destroy the reason- bleness and prudence of our actions. Frequently 'angry men exact a greater vengeance than the injury done to them merits." This applies particularly to the men who bombed the Negro church in Birmingham. They do not represent or reflect a majority sentiment in the country. They gave vent only to their own passions of anger, and their evil deed will bring about an adverse reaction to whatever cause they had in mind. Who committed the crime— tossing a bomb that killed four young girls in a church during Sunday school services? Could this possibly have been the premeditated plot of any organized movement? Could it have been— as some observers are beginning to suspect—the work of that small but dangerous clique inside this country who capitalize on every public controversy? They provoke friction and violence because these will injure the image of America throughout the world—an objective sought by Communist subversives who even employ some Fascists for the purpose in order to conceal the true origin of the drive. It will be of little avail to accuse any one in public office— or the people of Birmingham—of responsibility for last Sunday's crime. This will tend only to increase bitterness all around. The answer to the country's race problem will not come from bombings any more than it will come from "demonstrations," however orderly they may appear to be. The right of petition under the Constitution can be effectively exercised in less spectacular ways. (O 1BU3 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) Some of our governors do not dispute the terms of an oath by not allowing our people to vote, and opposing fair employment and equal opportunity for education. In North Korea when Capt. Carleton W. Voltz and Capt. Ben W. Stutts were shot down in their helicopter, the United States sent officers to secure their release. They asked the North Koreans "why not be civilized?" The North Koreans showed them pictures of a dog leaping at a Negro demonstrate!' and a Negro woman pinned down on her face and stomach putting hand cuffs on her in Birmingham. The rule of law cannot mean one thing to one group and something else to another. It cannot mean one thing to the governor of a state who has taken a solemn oath to uphold the Constitution and laws and another to a group of people. It should mean compliance with the final decision of the courts of the land in all cases. Why have some of out- governors departed from the moral and ethical concepts of our Constitution and ideology? It is really discouraging to Negroes with college degrees to be told they are not qualified for the job. Not all white people are segregationists. There are millions on our side. It is baffling to us Negroes why some whites prefer Negro cooks to prepare their food and essential thing to life, nurse his kids, but then refuse to sit and eat with him, or her, and refuse to live side by side. The Negro does not want a white man or woman displaced from a job to make room. The Negro want an equal opportunity for a job when the hiring is done. Illinois has a law barring discrimination in eating establishments, motels, hotels, and taverns. The rights and liberties of the Negro in tlu's state are a sacred trust guaranteed by both the Constitution of the United States and the state of Illinois and as such are entitled to the fullest protection provided there in. In conclusion I think that hats should be taken off for the editorial in Tuesday edition Sept. 3, 1963. It shows true American- Allen-Scott Report Operational Test Ban Hurts U.S. THEY MAY CMEAT! my MAYCLOSB TWE SAP! OUR POLITICAL GAINS ARE WOEIA ite w$* Victor Riesel » Hodges to Quit in 1963 ism. HENRY T. SHEPHERD 2209 Powhatan Today's Prayer Dear God, we dare to approach Thee because our Lord has taught us to call Thee Father. Thou dost guide the galaxies in their orbits, but Thou dost also hear the listing prayer of a child. Hear our prayer. Give us forgiveness, comfort, courage and peace; but keep us within earshot of the cries of all men and enable us to help them for the sake of Christ, our Lord, Amen. —Alvin N. Rogness, St. Paul, Minn., president, Luther Theological Seminary. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education. National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U. S. A.) WASHINGTON, D. C. — The "quiet man", the 65 - year - old dean of President Kennedy's Cabinet, Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges, has quietly sent word to the White House that he will resign in December. It always is a big story when a hole is punched in the Cabinet. But the bigger story will be the manner in which the President and Bob Kennedy patch it up this time. This is not the Post Office which is being vacated. It is the post of Secretary of Commerce— a job which the business leaders say should be filled by a man as much dedicated to their interests as Arthur Goldberg was, and Willard Wirtz is, dedicated to labor. The businessmen have been saying, during confidential talks with some government people in. Washington, that their interests really are the public's interests— and labor's too — because unemployment can only be wiped out by heavy capital investment to create new plants and new jobs. The men of industry and commerce have passed word on to the Kennedys that they have not been encouraged. A sign of such encouragement would be the appointment to Luther Hodges' spot of a man in whom the business community would have confidence — a man who has direct liaison with the country's industrialists, just as ex-labor lawyer Arthur Goldberg had entry into labor's inner sanctums. There is great respect for Mr. Hodges. But he has had about as much intimate contact with the nation's businessmen as he has had with President Kennedy. This has been negligible. And that is overstatement. President Kennedy has constantly bypassed the Secretary of Commerce. Therefore, businessmen did so, too. The saga of the steel cycle is typical. On April 10, 1962, it will be recalled, the President began to clobber much of the steel industry. He called in Arthur Goldberg, then Secretary of Labor, Luther Hodges, though Secretary of Commerce, was way out on this one. It was Arthur Goldberg who met with Roger Blough, Chairman of the Board of U.S. Steel. It was the Labor Secretary who flew into New York for the final luncheon conference with the U.S. Steel executives. Then President Kennedy and Robert Kennedy personally took over the crash campaign to re- win the confidence of labor. A series of secret meetings was held. Mr. Hodges was not on the guest list. The final coup de grace to the Secretary of Commerce came on Tuesday, August 20. Roger Blough and United Steelworkers' union chief David McDonald, had been discussing the dumping of European and Japanese steel in the U.S. Both men were disturbed by the cost in jobs and profits to American industry. They felt they were not getting a fair hearing from the Treasury Dept. which has the power to stop such foreign dumping. They decided to go to the White House. The contact was made directly. They were warmly received on August 20 — some 16 months after the clobbering — by the President. They spoke to him about the problem and urged his intercession with the Treasury Dept. My information from at least one source in that session is that the President was friendly and indicated he would move. Mr. Hodges was not at that meeting. Nor did the Secretary of Commerce play much of a role in the railroad crisis. It was Labor Secretary Willard Wirtz who was in constant, direct, communication with the railroad executives. It was Wirtz who was the channel to the President. ((0 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) WASHINGTON — Of all the military disadvantages that will flow from the nuclear test ban treaty, the one with the greatest peril to U.S. security is the bar against operational testing of nuclear-tipped missiles from stockpile to detonation. That's the blunt warning sounded by Air Force General Thomas S. Power, chief of the Strategic Air Command, in his heavily censored testimony before the Senate Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee. General Power, the most outspoken military critic of the treaty, shocked the senators by revealing that only the Navy's 1,500-mile Polaris had undergone full operational tests of all the missiles in the U.S. arsenal with range to hit Russia. Not a single Air Force Atlas, Titan or Minuteman intercontinental ballistic has been fully tested by having its nuclear warhead detonated after being launched from an operational or test base. "We have never completely tested any of our nuclear weapons or missiles, with the exception of one Polaris, in SAC's arsenal," reported General Power. "None of the missiles have been tested operationally from stockpile to detonation. I think this is a major mistake. I think they should be tested all the way. I have repeatedly requested that these tests be held but in all instances higher officials have overruled me." Startled by this unexpected disclosure by General Power, Senator John Stennis, D-Miss., chairman, demanded additional details, stating: "I want this spelled out in detail, because there have been general assurances here that everything has been done that could be done to make sure that our missiles and bombs will svork." "The only way you can prove a weapon system is to take it out of the stockpile in a random pattern and let the tactical unit take it out and detonate it," explained General Power. "If you haven't done this, there is Allen Scott always a chance that something has happened that we don't discover until too late." "Have we made those operational tests? inquired Senator Stennis. "We have not tested any of the operational warheads in our inventory," replied General Power. 'That includes the missiles and the bombs. We have never detonated a nuclear warhead in an Atlas, Titan, or Minuteman missile. The scientists tell us the war heads will go off, but we have never actually tested them in flight to find out." Continuing his questioning, Senator Stennis asked: "And if we go into the test ban agreement, we should be precluded from ever making these tests?" 'That is correct" answered General Power. "It is the biggest danger involved in this treaty. It will leave us in a position of where the Soviet Union has fully tested all of their missiles and nuclear warheads, but we have not." "Then you insist that this testing is necessary for our security?" pressed Senator Stennis. "Absolutely," concluded General Power. Note: This frank testimony of General Power, who commands 90 per cent of all the free world's nuclear striking force, played a major role in influencing Senator Richard Russell. D-Ga., chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, to oppose the treaty. General Curtis LeMay, the Air Force's chief-of-staff, reported that the first attempt to fire these powerful intercontinental ballistic missiles from their underground silos had fizzled. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press «^^^ The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. National, advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEl'TKMllKH 17, 1938 Representatives of the City of Alton and the New- York Central Railroad agreed to cooperate in removal of surface trucks on Front Street to open tin- way for paving of street to its lull width. The railroad also planned to ask Illinois Commerce Commission permission to cease operation of train service .from Alton to Western Cartridge Co. for company workers. Alton would not oppose the move, since the rail line had arranged with the Wood River-Alton Bus Company to take over such service. The Mississippi Lime Co. of Alton filed in Federal Court at Springfield the first complaint under the new Civil practice act against tJie International Mod Carriers tnd Operating Engineers local unions. The $00,000 damage suit complained that the defendants conspired to i. coerce contractors to refuse the firm's products. Clifton Cunningham, 26, of Jerseyville was recovering from severe electrical shock which knocked him unconscious when a lightning bolt struck his home. Charles Shannon, ^35, dump truck operator for Shell Petroleum Corp.'s Roxuna refinery, was found dead a fesv feet from his truck. He had been missing several days, and it was believed he fell ill and died almost immediately thereafter. Upper Alton Baptist and College Avenue Presbyterian Churches united in plans for a forum scheduled each Sunday evening in October for the purpose of bringing outstanding speakers to discuss current social and political issues in the light of Christianity. A record of 57 years of perfect attendance as the organist of St. Joseph's Catholic Church in Carlinville was ended by death of Mrs. Franklin Meyer, in Springfield. Alton Police were defeated 11-15 by Alton Firemen in their annual ball game, on a muddy field in chilly I weather. Claude Barkley was the losing pitcher, Jimmy Lewis, the winner. Police team members were Smith, Sehreiber, Lyons, Galloway, R. Gibbons, Reno, Roberts, Heafner, and Laughlin, Players on the Firemen's team were LaMarsh, H. Reed, Neville, A. Gibson, T. Krepel, J. Brown, Jarrett, Henderson, and S. Reed. Floyd Flexon and Bud Stafford won the city doubles tennis championship play, defeating Bramlett Swain and Ralph Byron, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3, tt-4. 50 Years Ago SKl'TE.MBEK 17, 1913 Alton's new pay-as-you-enter trolley cars were reported en route here from the factory in St. Louis where they had been manufactured. They were somewhat larger than the street cars now in use here, and were designed for easy-riding qualities. Quarters were being fitted up in the Masonic: Temple for occupancy by Dr. H. T. Burnap on his election in October as grand master of Illinois Masonic Grand Lodge. Members of Central Illinois Art Association were to hold their semi-annual meeting here as guests of Photographer W. H. Wiseman. The L. A. Meyer grocery business on W. 3rd Street, near Belle, had been sold to Brice & Co., in which Harry C. Brice and Frank L. Beiser were partners. Meyer planned complete retirement from business activities. Joseph Busch, watchman in charge of (lie Boile- fontaine railroad bridge, hud been gravely injured in a fall of 70 feet from a ladder on the bridge approach structure to the ground. He was rushed to St. Louis for hospitalization after a Burlington train had been flagged to a stop to take him aboard. Thirty-five girls in age groups from 6 to 16 had thus far enrolled in the gymnasium and physical culture classes sponsored at Turner Hall by the Turnverein. in- structor George Unsig was so enthused by the large enollment of girls that he planned to form a class for young ladies in October. Presently the number of girls on the gym classes was almost equal to the number of boys in their class groups. Alton Cemetery Association ended the year with a balance of $115.25 in its general fund. Us income from lot sales and permits had amounted to $4,083. Chief expenditures of the year had been $1,850 for a sexton'i house and $477 for new sewers. H. 0. Tonsor was reelected president and H. H. Hewitt, secretary-treasurer. William Schneider was reappointed sexton. Monlicello Seminary was ready tor its opening with u full enrollment. Alton girls registered were the Misses Mary Adams Rurie, Dorothy Ferguson, Kethryn Meriwether, and Ella Schauwecker. Furniture for the new girls' dormitory of ShurtleH College, formerly the home of Dr. G. G. Ray, had arrived and the problem of housing incoming girl students solved.