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Aftdtt Evening Telegraph Tuesday, Augusl 22,1072 .What We think about... fax fee dilemma Water safety education Local government pressure point For several weeks the county treasurer's and state's attorney's office had boon under attack of township and local governmental authorities for an announced practice of deducting 3 per cent commission from current tax collections, to be used for meeting expenses of the collecting and distributing process. In the sequence of events, lawsuits were filed or threateneded by local taxing units to halt the deductions. Now a now dovelopemont has surfaced. Monday Wood River Township Tax Collector Robert Zitt and the city of Roxana filed suits based on charges that County Clerk Eulalia Hotz had increased tax rates of local government units, wherever the statutory limit would allow, by 5 per cent to provide the extra breathing room for the 3 per cent collection commission deduction. Miss Hotz said she had done this, too, on advice from the state's attorney's office. What YOU think: Suits against the commission deduction cite changed provisions of the new Illinois constitution as basis for their requests for court action. Some local governmental units may find the 5 per cent increase In their tax rates to their advantage. The overall levy thus made possible could leave them with a two percentage point cushion even after the 3 per cent collection commission was deducted. But. others already up to their statutory taxing limits, or closer to them than 3 percentage points, will still suffer from the collection deduction. At any rate, the weight of public outcry eventually will fall against local governments who face charges from their citizens over increased tax bills. And local government, always a relatively unpleasant job, hasn't been growing more pleasant of late. Important as driving? The swirling waters of the Mississippi River added three more lives to a growing death toll over the weekend. Although the victims were not from this area, many hundreds and perhaps thousands of Telegraph area residents were seeking relief from the heat by dunking in the river, a pool, or a farm pond, or area beach. On the upper Alton Lake area, boaters by the thousands each weekend flock to sandbars left by earlier higher river flows. In the past two weeks,.with the Illinois and Upper Mississippi swollen by rains, the Alton pool has been lowered to draw down this water. The result of higher waters upstream has been swifter current throughout the area, as well as covering of normally safe sandbars, and increased muddiness and turbulence. Others have drowned in past weeks elsewhere than the two locations over the weekend. The only solution we see to solving drownlngs Is widespread water safety instruction and total educational efforts, much the same as sex education and awareness about drugs are taught In the schools. There are just too many spots for people of all ages to get in trouble In the water to post them or have lifeguards. Even in a closely guarded pool, the threat of a youngster drowning Is everpresent. It Is tragic, indeed, that swimming and water safety instruction classes are not part of every school's curriculum. These skills are every bit as important and potentially lifesaving as learning to drive a car. Leaving sniping to George Senator George McGovern seems unaware that Richard Nixon is President of the United States. The Democratic presidential nominee seems convinced the President has little else to do but tilt verbally with him over whatever campaign issue the South Dekotan may raise. His latest criticism of the President is that he won't come out shooting for himself, "While the President" pretends that he doesn't even know about there being an election going on," complains Sen. McGovern, Mr. Nixon's administration lieutenants are "shooting at me from all sides." Both Mr. Nixon and his lieutenants long have been targets of Sen. McGovern and his cohorts. And the South Dakotan now to taking another shot at the President, who has a Job to do running the country while he seeks re-election. We respect Mr. Nixon for his current policy of leaving the sniping to his lieutenants — who in many cases would have to be writing his campaign speeches for him anyway, in conformity to a practice followed by Presidents for generations. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY 'He's not a bad sort after all!' 'Aplastic anemia/ and 'tanderiT On July 81, I addressed a letter to "What YOU think" concerning a story written by reporter Dennis McMurray on July 81. The letter was not printed in the Forum. On .Aug. 15, I wrote the Telegraph asking why my letter had not been published. The editor 'replied that he didn't realize it was for publication. Lester Markel, editor of the Sunday New York TIMES for many years, writes in the Aug. 15 issue of Norman Cousin's new World magazine, that the editors of U.S. newspapers , "admit error reluctantly and, when they do, make only obscure and muted confessions . . . they have resisted almost to the last drop of ink, any outside attempt at scrutiny of their work." "Letters TO the editor may be violent, but they are serene communiques compared to most letters by the editor. Hell hath no fury like that of an editor scorned — or even scratched" Mr. Markel adds. Risking the fury of the Telegraph's editor, I submit for publication my letter of July 31 once again: "Your reporter Dennis McMurray and New Jersey lawyer Myron Kornisch are to be congratulated for their discovery of a rare new blood disease, 'plastic anemia.' (Telegraph, July 31) "I read with interest and astonishment McMurray's account of Kornisch's case Involving the 'Guyge' pharmaceutical drug 'tandareyhP and 'patients given tandareyhl of butazoliton' resulting in this strange plastic condition of their corpuscles. "On second thought, I'm wondering if reporter McMurray and Kornisch were really refering to aplastic anemia, the Swiss pharmaceutical firm, Geigy, and the prescription medication called tanderil which is considered something of a wonder drug for severe arthritic patients who take it under close supervision of their doctor. •"But then, I can make no sense at all concerning those patients who supposedly were given 'tandareyhl of butazoliton' by their physicians. Either Tandearil (oxyphenbutazone) of Butazolidin Phenylbutazone may have been prescribed, but not 'tandarcyl of butazoli- ton'. That is iike saying: 'I had a headache, so I took a Bufferin of an Anacln.' "Patients with questions or worries about their No corner on f atcats As one who backs the fundamentalism of the Republican Party, I take issue with the liberal Democratic view of its structure. An example of tills view is that we are backers of Wall Street lawyers, fat- cats, and vested interests. The hypocrisy in these charges is unbelievable. The Democrats have had control of this country for 28 of the past 40 years and the rich have gotten richer. The tax loopholes were instigated under their Congressional control and so were subsidies end oil depletion provisions. Sen. McGovern and his cohorts continually harp on tax reform, but not one bill with McGovern's name on it Is before Congress to remedy it. Of course they can blame the so-called Dlxiecrats for their failure to get some things passed, although they always courted that Solid- South vote at election time. If a Supreme Court ruling and Martin Luther King hadn't forced their hand, they wouldn't be out in the streets looking for another coalition bloc vote today. Our country and myself can hardly afford all of these favors we are endowed with by their federally financed marijuanic dreams. When they say federally financed, they mean thee and me. I sure hope some of their falcate like the Johnsons, the Kennedy's, and the Roosevelts are going to throw in a couple of their millions to help the cause. Or are they Republicans? It seems I've heard all millionaires are. I get confused sometimes. It's a mystery to me how the Democratic Party can thrust our country into wars, leave the legacy of postwar recessions or depressions to the Republican Party — and come out as great leaders. When John F. Kennedy was elected, he inherited a country that had experienced the greatest economic growth in its history during a period of peace. It didn't take long tc remedy that. I can only say it's a miracle, with the mistakes made, that we have survived. MRS. ROBERTA TURLEY 299 S. 13th St., Wood River medication should consult their physician and not be misled or overly concerned about sensational newspaper stories appearing from time to time. Lawyers and reporters would do well to check their data for accuracy with a friendly neighborhood pharmacist before publication." JOHN BOLAND 9 Oualoga Bluff Godfrey (EDITOR'S -NOTE: Writer Boland should know his pharmaceutical terms. He's been a pharmacist. As a journalist, he also is involved with publications of the Cardinal Mindszenty Foundation at its St. Louis district office.) Not alone I'd like to know what Is wrong with the people of Alton who keep complaining about the food stamp store being moved to East Alton. Do they really believe they are the only ones receiving food stamps? Don't they believe that people in East Alton, Wood River, Cottage Hills, Bethalto, Roxana, and Hartford also receive them? I didn't hear any complaints when the people from these towns had to travel to Alton to receive theirs. And as for It being a little hot for the recipients to stand in line, they don't need to look for pity. If we're going to give out pity, let's give it to the people who are working in the assembly lines of the factories, on the blast furnaces of the steel mills, on the construction jobs out in the broiling sun. They have to work every day to pay for the food stamps these people are getting. RODNRY M. HELLEMEYER, 118 James St. Bethalto Home service You can't please the relief recipients. Don't they realize that it is a hardship for the people to come all the way from East Alton to get food stamps? It looks like they want the food stamps brought to their homes. I have seen people use the food stamps to buy beer and whiskey instead of something to eat. If they can't find a place to park on the parking lots of the Berkshire building, what's wrong with parking on the shopping center lots. There wasn't any room at all to park In Alton. There is bus service on the hour to East Alton. Why don't some of the people go back to work if they don't like to come that far for their food stamps. A lot of people are abusing the welfare program. Something should be done about that. I am sorry for the older people who have a hard time coming to East Alton to get their food stamps. But there are people who shouldn't be getting them, too.. After reading the article on page 1 Thursday night I've decided the people are just lazy. WILLIAM STILLWELL, 1042 Linden Ave., East Alton For Percy I had a letter from Sen. Percy pledging to do all He could to bring this tragic war fa Vietnam to an end. He also made this statement publicly. I was impressed with his honesty in a television appearance when he questioned Brig.-Gen. Cole, who had received a $l,000-a-month rakeoff from a PX scandal. Percy threatened Gen. Cole with perjury action. His anger at the man's dishonesty impressed me. It took some courage for Sen. Percy to even question one of the military gang now entrenched and running America. Few Senators or even Presidents will do it. Ike made a marvelous speech in April, 1953, deploring the spending of billions on armament when the money was needed for other things. On retirement he wanted of the military industrial complex. He could or did not do anything about it from 1952 to 1960. Ike was under pressure. I am sure nothing will be done about the death of Pvt. Steven Gasser on Aug. 3 at Ft. Leonard Wood. The commanding general is sacrosanct, infallible, and holy. If anyone is punished, it would be a subordinate officer. GLENN REDDICK, Apt. 55, Heather Way, Wood River What others say • • • Daley got the idea Richard J. Daley may appear to have a rather loose grip on the King's English, but Sen. George McGovern is going to think twice before trying to finesse him again in the semantics department. The Democratic presidential nominee was quoted as saying that political "pragmatism" required him to meet Mayor Daley on Democratic Day at the Illinois State Fair. His Honor, who did not enter politics yesterday, not only knows what the word means, he understands every last nuance and ramification of that meaning as McGovern used the word in the circumstances. What it meant was: "I don't really cotton to the old boy, but I need him to help win Illinois and the Presidency, so I'd better throw him a bone." But he didn't throw it far enough — not after that "pragmatism" crack. It was going to cost the mayor some time and effort to trek down to Springfield to shake the candidate's hand, and suddenly it just didn't seem worth it. If that isn't what the mayor told the candidate it is because His Honor, for all his gruffness, is a bit more adept at these things than the senator from South Dakota. At any rate the mayor let It be known that he would be in Chicago when McGovern arrives for the American Legion convention next Wednesday if McGovern cared to drop around. Depend on it — McGovern will drop around, and his hat will be in his hand. Politics is no less subtle and ramified than any other science, and McGovern or almost anybody can learn a thing or two about it from Prof. Daley. Today's lesson is, never upstage a guy whom you need more than he needs you. That's pragmatism. -CHCAGO DAILY NEWS FBI chief defines what is 'peaceful dissent' For many of us who admired the FBI's skill and who believed it had been the victim of unfounded criticisms, which always had it "persecuting" intrepid dissenters but never talked of its crushing of the Klu Klux Klan and other Fascist extremists, the "Bureau" was a strange place without "The Director." Meaning John Edgar Hoover. Or "Edgar." The new FBI chief came upon it and its friends suddenly. It was an eerie moment. Communist leaders and at least one globally known political leader in the Senate said the world was better off with Mr. Hoover dead. Many wondered what would be the new policies of Acting Director Gray. I asked him. Here, and I'm proud to offer it, is his reply written exclusively for this column. By PATRICK GRAY III Acting Director Wliat YOU think: The Telegraph welcome* proie expressions of Its readers' own opinions of What YOU think. Writers' names and addresses must be published with their letters. Contributions should be concise, preferably not exceeding IfiO words, and are subject to condensation. By Victor Riesel Federal Bureau of Investigation WASHINGTON — I welcome this opportunity to write a guest column for Mr. Rlesel. He has long been a friend of the FBI and of all men and women performing law enforcement duties in behalf of our fellow citizens. We appreciate deeply his warm support. As the "new" head of the FBI, I accept this great responsibility with feelings of both pride and humility — proud that I have been selected to continue the work of J. Edgar Hoover who founded and built the FBI into the finest investigative agency in the world; humble because I realize that I, together with the dedicated men and women of the FBI, bear a heavy burden of responsibility to our fellow citizens. In any organization, a new leader brings with him a different style and manner of operation. There have been some changes in the Bureau already — and there will be more. However, the substance of the FBI — its investigative integrity, high standards, and esprit de corps — has not and will not be changed. Working together with the dedicated men and women of the FBI, we will continue to be devoted to the highest ideals of public service. One of my beliefs is that our free government must protect and perpetuate itself without denying the basic freedoms inherent in the American way of life. In America we cherish peaceful dissent. This is the very heart of our democratic system. Differences of opinion can be lawfully expressed in many different ways. However, planting a bomb in the Pentagon, the Capitol, or other government building is not peaceful dissent. A sniper attack against police officers carrying out their duties is not peaceful dissent. Setting fire to a college building, • vandalism, and ''trashing' 1 a business, educational, or governmental office are not forms of peaceful dissent. These and other acts of a similar nature are crimes — and should be so regarded. In America today we are experiencing the rise of a new type of crime which is no less a crime because its perpetrators piously claim they are acting for so-called "political" aims. I do not refer to peaceful assemblies, to peaceful debate and dissent and to peaceful demonstrations which are and must be protected by the Constitution. Rather, I do refer, among others, to the extremist "New Leftist" movement, whose elements, such as the Weathermen, have been involved in guerrilla warfare tactics. In a number of bombings, public claims of Weatherman participation have been issued. The Weathermen, which broke with the Students for a Democratic Society in 1969, is currently operating underground. This means that their adherents have changed their names, are utilizing aliases, and are moving clandestinely from one location to another. In this underground, guerrilla attacks against police, military installations, office and government buildings are planned. There are bomb factories in this underground where explosives are fashioned into homemade bombs. Criminal fugitives — wanted for violation of Federal and state laws — find sanctuary in this underground. The Black Panther Party also has been involved In guerrilla violence, especially in attacks against law enforcement officers. The violence - prone extremist, whether of the "left" or the "right," represents a grave danger to our society. The person who would assassinate a political candidate, hijack an airplane, plant a bomb in a building — all of these individuals have a terrifying power to harass, disrupt, and destroy. There are the anonymous telephone callers who allege that bombs are secreted inside a building or in a vehicle. In our complex, interrelated society the potential destructive power of a fanatical minority — even one person — is extremely great. The f ull investigative facilities of the FBI, acting under Federal statutes, are being brought to bear against this type of criminal. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago AUGUST 22, 1947 Completing the first quadrennial appraisal since the Butler tax legislation became effective, Assessor Gorman returned a total assessed valuation of $14,066,805 on Alton Township property, real and personal for the year. Illinois Guv. Dwight Green recommended persons to the real control b'jard in five defense - rental areas, one of which was East St. Louis. Serving on that board by his appointment were John Collins, E- St. Louis, C. L. Eatherton, Belleville; A. B. Reinsch, Collinsviu>. Louis A. Weihl, Waterloo, and Oscar Schmidt, mayor of Edwardsville. Partially overcoming the war-tune shortage of pipe, the city engineer's office said good progress was being made on installing 20 additional fire plugs. Sky darkening flocks of blackbirds were seen over and around Alton, attracted by the wheat on Missouri Point, following the flood. Near the ripening stage when the waters came, and after about 24 hows the wheat heads dropped off the stalks. Recession of the water exposed the grains making a lush and attractive feeding ground for the birds. Another phenomenon of the flood was the great number of fish stranded in pools left when the water went down, and which were attracting hordes of heron to feed on the fish. Leo Pohlman, president of a sportsmen's "'•oup, was attempting to get tr,e lish returned to the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. ruder the law which permitted the clerk of the court to apouui a judge to M a vacancy in the judicial system, Miss Eulalia Hotz, named Probate Judge Anthony W. Daly of Alton to the past until a special election was held, after Jesse L. Simpson was elected to the Illinois Supreme Court. Miss Hotz explained her choice by saying that Daly, as probate judge, was in his own court every day and consequently would not have to make special trips to the county seat to serve in the circuit court. 50 years ago AUGUST 22, 1922 An agreement settling the Illinois coal strike was reached by operators and the United Mineworkers at Chicago, awaiting ratification. The new pact renewed tie old one. As legislation creating a com- mittee to investigate the coal industry worked its way through the Senate's Labor Committee in Washington, President Harding announced-he would insist the members of the proposed fact - finding body be composed of impartial representatives of the public, than without any spokesmen for either operators or employes. Instructions to file a $15,000 suit against the Chicago & Alton Railroad in connection with a Ninth and Piasa accident that wrecked a city fire truck were given the municipal corporation counsellor by the aldermanic finance committee. The discussion triggered Alderman Bible's charges that trains whistled excessively along the riverfront, and Alderman Gwinner's that they didn't whistte enough when descending Piasa. The Alton Blues chased a long-time jinx to defeat Belleville's Maxwells, 10 to 4, in a game fraught with 14 errors. The Maxwells, 1921 champions of the Missouri - Illinois Trolley League, were currently at the bottom of the second-half standings. The victory pulled the Blues into third place. Efforts to guide the city in better safety measures for motorists were to be made by an Alton Automobile Club committee composed of J. J. Brenholt, Jr, J. A. Giberson and Henry Heuser. Among aims of the committee was a system of streets designated as boulevards, where cross traffic could slow down, a practice being followed in larger cities. Intersections urged for this protection were Ninth and Belle, Henry and Broadway, Ridge and Broadway, Washington and Broadway, and the Rock Spring Park entrance on West College.