Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on September 16, 1963 · Page 4
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September 16, 1963

Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

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Alton, Illinois
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Monday, September 16, 1963
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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 16,1963 Red 'Needle' Obvious If any further evidence were needed that Communist tactics are behind efforts to discredit the House Committee on Un-American Activities, we had it in the reactions surrounding hearings into the student Cuban "invasion" late last week. Bearded weirdos and stringy-haired young witches took their turns at hooting and yelling during the committee's inquiry into the so-called "frontier spirit" that caused a band of American students to violate this country's regulations and take their back door tour to Castro's Cuba. The cries of "police brutality" when the darlings were thrown out onto the sidewalk should deceive nobody — though they doubtless provided a few catch sentences for stories in the Communist press abroad and whatever of it is left in this country. The outbreak of one Kathy Prensky Friday was revealing. . . . What we think about... Brats... Local Papers... South Viet Nam * « • 1 • _. Socialism and Voting She was asked if she was a member of the Progressive Labor Student Club, on the committee's list of Communist splinter groups. Her trembling voice answered "Yes, because I believe socialism is the way to end racism and under socialism we can have congressmen who are truly representative and who are not elected because Negroes are not allowed to vote." It was quite a tangle of twine or maybe tripe to unwind. Maybe Kathy will live long enough to get it untangled for herself. But someone sure did a brainwash when they convinced her it was possible to have a truly representative and elected Congress under socialism — racism or no racism. The tactics were much the same at those surrounding hearings conducted by the committee in California, films of which drew protests from local radical left groups throughout the country. These students no doubt will be termed "beatniks." They sound more like immature spoiled brats. They Rap, but They Read Regrettable news comes from Jerseyville. The weekly newspaper there has encountered financial difficulties. The Democrat-News has been serving its community well through its news coverage of the area. It is one of the more enterprising and the brighter weekly newspapers in the state. We are happy to note that while it has been necessary to place its financial affairs in the hands of a receiver, it will continue to be published. Every community needs its own newspaper. Outside newspapers can do some things better than the home-town publication. But no one has the potentiality of covering the home town news and interpreting it to its people better than the one published right in the community. In the end, we note that residents of all communities realize this. They often criticize their home town newspapers bitterly; often apologize for them to strangers. But in the «nd, they need these newspapers, whether weekly or daily, to do the day by day job of keeping them informed of their local affairs, no matter how intensively non-local papers may strive to do the job. And fortunately they realize this. For in the end, the local people do read their hometown papers loyally. Relaxation in Viet Nam By this evening Americans may know better what the intention of South Viet Nam President Ngo Dinh Diem's regime is. Diem announced Saturday that martial law would end in the little southeast Asia nation, though he made the reservation that a state of national emergency would continue. This would give him authority to rule by decree, under the national constitution. Despite schoolboy riots, Diem apparently is tak- ing the chance of relaxing his martial law. Two of his close henchmen, including Mrs. Ngo Dinh Nhu, are now out of the country. Mrs. Nhu raised the question of the United States' right to drop assistance to South Viet Nam, and warned we would "lose the confidence of the world." To the contrary, we would lose the confidence of the world every day we continued supporting, without protest, a government which forced religious leaders to burn themselves in the streets over persecutions of their sect. Only by Diem's demonstrated sincerity in releasing further his tight grip on civilian rights in South Viet Nam can Americans judge his intentions. Perhaps the absence of those leaders such as Mrs. Nhu from the country will give him an opportunity to go about his business of government with greater calmness and better judgment. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor. Readers Forum Mommie, Why ... ? "Will the true meaning of, 'Liberty and justice to all', be instilled in the hearts of everyone?" How do you explain to a 4-year- old when she asks "Mommie, why did God make me brown?" It is easy to let this go and tell her that God made all different colors of people. This will probably pacify her curiosity for a while. But how can you endure the agony when she is a little older and comes one day and asks "Mommie, I remember you told me God made many different colors of people but why am I treated different because I'm brown?" Then what words of consolation could a mother use to explain the pain and indignities she must suffer throughout life by being a Negro instead of white. Although Negroes are no longer shackled in chains, with whip- bearing overseers inflicting physical pain upon weary, racked bodies, mental anguish is being inflicted upon the souls. Many people want to turn their backs on the situation and hope it will eventually go away by itself. But this cannot and will not be left lurking in the shadows. When all true Americans realize the words, "Liberty and Justice for All" weren't put in the Pledge of Allegiance just to make it sound good, then, and only then will the unexplainable why's be done away with forever. MRS. JACQUELYN WALKER 2211 Powhattan St. David Lawrence Kennedy Lists Pact Reservations WASHINGTON — For all practical purposes President Kennedy has put on record the most important "reservation" to the nuclear test-ban treaty that has emerged from any source. He formulated it in a letter to the leaders of both parties in the Senate. He gave his interpretations and his positive assurances on the safeguards that will be maintained. All that is needed now is a formal resolution of the Senate adopted at any time — in advance of ratification or even afterwards — taking official notice of all the president's words as an integral factor in the process of ratification of the new treaty. The United States Senate is empowered to participate in the act of ratification of a treaty. The Constitution says the president "shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two thirds of the senators present concur." There is no agreed-upon formula, however, as to the way by which the "advice" should be given before the treaty is actually signed by the executive branch of the government or even after negotiations with other governments, but the Senate from time to time has attached "reservations." In the case of the treaty proposed to the Senate in 1919 after World War I by President Wilson, a dispute arose as to the kind of "reservations" that would be desirable. One faction in the Senate spoke in favor of "reservations" which would have required further negotiations with other signatories to be valid although this view was not shared by the authors of the "reservations." Then came what were known as "interpretive reservations," and they were advanced as requiring no alteration of the words in the treaty but as merely explanatory or at least setting forth the view of the United States as a signatory government. The episode represented a setback for international progress, and it may rightly be speculated whether there would have been a Second World War if the United States in the 1920's and 1930's had worked closely with the peoples of Europe through the League and economic agencies of cooperation. The President's letter, in summary, states: 1. That nuclear testing underground will be continued. 2. That this country will take whatever steps are necessary to safe-guard "national security in the event that there should be an abrogation or violation of any treaty provision." 3. That this government "retains the right to resume atmospheric testing forthwith if the Soviet Union should conduct tests in violation of the treaty." 4. That our "facilities for the detection of possible violation of this treaty will be expanded and improved as required to increase our assurance against clandestine violations by others." 5. That the treaty "in no way limits the authority of the commander-in-chief to use nuclear weapons for the defense of the United States and its allies, if a situation should develop requiring such a grave decision." 6. That the United States will take all necessary action if Cuba is "used either directly or indirectly to circumvent or nullify his treaty." 7. That this government "will maintain strategic forces fully ensuring that this nation will continue to be in a position to destroy any aggressor, even after absorbing a first strike by a surprise attack." 8. That the United States will diligently pursue its programs "for the further development of nuclear explosives for peaceful purposes" by tests underground now and in the air when a future treaty may permit it. (© 1963 N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) Potshots, Anyway The picture of Drew Pearson now appearing in the Telegraph may not be big enough to throw poison darts at as John Boland suggests, but maybe we can take some pot-shots at him in the Forum. Mr. Pearson has been hobnobbing with Nikita Khrushchev in Soviet Russia, and is trying hard to convince his readers that "Russia keeps its word". He says "During the Stalin regime I wouldn't have given two cents for Russia's word on anything. "But I think, to be fair," you have to look at the record of the past 10 years under Stalin's successors in order to conclude that the Soviet Union has been a tough negotiator, but keeps its word when given." Mr. Pearson should be reminded that Stalin's successor, Khrushchev, has given his solemn word that he will "bury" us. If he keeps his -word and if we let him, there will be no doubt about it. He'll do it. Stalin once said, "Promises are like pie crusts, made to be broken." And it's been Khrushchev, his loyal successor, who's done his level best to mess up every pie. FRED J. MILLER Rte. 1 Jerseyville NewWallace'Ultimate' The "Ultimate in Inconsistency" in the editor's opinion may be Alabama Gov. George Wallace's defense of state's rights: "He sent his police into Tuskegee to violate community rights by closing public schools that apparently didn't need closing to prevent the violence he thus reminded local folks they should be fomenting over integration". (Editorial, Sept. 5). I personally find more inconsistent Wallace's repudiation of President Kennedy's intervention but the continuation of his own. MIKE BURRIS, 228 Lincoln Ave., East Alton. Today's Prayer Our Father, we belong to Thee. We have tried to live as though we were on our own, but our rebellion has brought us only distress, and others have suffered because of our waywardness. We are amazed at Thy patience and Thy mercy. Thou dost offer us each day forgiveness and new life in Christ, our Lord. The best within us responds to Thy Spirit, and Thou dost never cease to love us. May we accept Thee this day and live in the light of Thy promises. Amen. —W. Kenneth Pope, Little Rock, Arkansas, bishop, The Methodist Church. (© 1963 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) 'l SEE PLENTY OF FOOTPRINTS LEADING IN - BUT NONE LEADING OUTL.4£5OP Victor Riesel Hof f a in Own Squeeze WASHINGTON, D. C.—Jimmie Hoffa, usually as fast with his mind as he is with his muscle, has worked himself into a self- made squeeze. His newest strategy has put him squarely between two strong forces which now have no choice but to converge on him in a finish fight. Hoffa is certain he can lick them all, but the man who hasn't lost a fight has never fought one. On one flank of the Teamsters' president is a new, still unknown combination of trucking companies. On the other front is a loose coalition of powerful Teamsters' local chiefs operating inside the behemoth brotherhood. Neither side is aware of the other — but both sides have been needled into action by Hoffa's high priority drive which would enable a small policy committee, headed by himself, to negotiate a super national Teamsters' contract covering the highways and local city streets as well. On the truck company side, there are executives who can match Mr. Hoffa, mind for mind, muscle for muscle, stratagem for stratagem. Recently they decided that since Hoffa wanted to talk for all the Teamsters' members with one voice — his own — the corporations also would unite into "one voice." So they organized something called the Trucking Employers, Inc. This is a "sort of central command" to deal with Hoffa's "centralized command." The owners' committee has no headquarters. They receive their mail at a post office box. They meet only in Chicago where the next gathering is scheduled for Sept. 24. They have an executive secre- - tary, but want his name kept off the record. So it will be — at least here. On Sept. 24, he expects some 70 members of the committee to discuss Hoffa's demand for a national uniform contract covering over 450,000 truck drivers working for some 14,000 employers. The 70 men are the "chief executives" of their own companies when they sit in committee — but they represent many others and many regions. No one knows exactly how many firms actually are represented by the Trucking Employers' Inc. There are some 40,000 interstate truckers operating under federal regulation.. And this number does not include the intra - city companies. But those who are represented are ready to fight. They are willing to sign a uniform pact giving the Teamsters the same number of holidays, pensions, welfare, vacations, grievance machinery, seniority. But they are vehemently opposed to signing a master common agreement with the same detailed terms for all truckers everywhere. They say they will never sign a master contract which will set the same pay and same operat- ing conditions and uniform working clauses covering all Teamsters everywhere. The employers want to bargain locally in each area for special working conditions applicable to each district. Hoffa is saying, in effect, there will be a uniform contract and everybody might as well get used to it. But the trucking companies say no — and on the other side, many chiefs of Teamsters' locals are just as strongly opposed to Hoffa, though for different reasons. These local Teamsters' leaders —concentrated in New York, New England and in the West — just don't want to lose their sovereignty. They've begun to fight. Hoffa did not give them much time to prepare for action. Recently he sent them registered letters advising them to give the national bargaining group, which he will head, full power of attorney. He set a Sept. 30 deadline for receipt of such sworn statements. It can be revealed here that the form which the local union officers are to fill out and send to Hoffa says in part: ". . .such agreement may be national, regional or local in scope, as the policy committee may determine. Said party, in fact, is further given full power and authority to conclude such contracts together with supplement . . . (© 1B63, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Allen-Scott Report Reds Testing Clean Bomb By ROBERT 8. ALLEN and PAUL SCOTT WASHINGTON — U. S. nuclear scientists have confirmed that three explosions detected in the Soviet Union in June and July are definitely nuclear tests in the atmosphere. Their analysis of radioactive debris recovered from the blasts supports earlier acoustic, or sound, signals from the explosions that resembled those from other nuclear shots. U.S. air patrols, watching closely for radioactive clouds, collected the tell - tale debris but in amounts considerably smaller than those recovered from previous Soviet tests. This new finding, along with other intelligence data, has convinced these scientists that the Russians tested a new type of "clean" weapon, probably a warhead for their anti-missile missile, in these unannounced experiments. The size and exact location for the explosions have been calculated but this sensitive information can not be published, since the details would give the Russians information on our detection methods. Although the Atomic Energy Commission is withholding its announcement of these findings, the explosive information is now in the hands of Senators who plan to reveal the startling news before the Senate votes to ratify the nuclear test ban treaty later this week. What effect this disclosure of secret Soviet nuclear testing will have on the final Senate vote is conjectural. The best guess is that it will swing a few of the "uncommitted" senators against the treaty, but not block ratification. The Inside Story The first public disclosure that the U.S. had detected an explosion in the Soviet Union that looked suspiciously like a nuclear test was published by the Washington Star on June 30. The newspaper's information came from a highly reliable government official who was deeply disturbed over a White House order supressing the information so Allon as not to upset the test ban negotiations which Soviet Premier Khrushchev had just secretly agreed to. After the story appeared, the Atomic Energy Commission confirmed that an explosion in Russia had been detected, but their terse announcement downgraded the discovery by claiming that there was no evidence to pinpoint the blast as being a nuclear explosion. Two of the three explosions recorded by U.S. detection instruments occurred on June 12, just two days after President Kennedy gave his American University speech stating that the U.S. would not test again in the atmosphere so long as Russia did not do so. The third Soviet nuclear test occurred in July while Under Sec- rotary of State Averell Harriman was in Moscow negotiating the partial test ban accord now before the Senate. All three explosions were in the kiloton range. A kiloton is the explosive equivalent of 1,000 tons of TNT. According to nuclear experts who analyzed the tests, their findings show that the Russians are near the development of a "clean" nuclear weapon that will be undetectable by the U.S. even when fired in the atmosphere. Several U.S. military - intelligence exports believe that this may now be the case. The debate over the nuclear test ban treaty isn't helping to improve the strained relations that now exist between some members of the Senate. Senate Russell Long, D-La., on the outs with leaders of his party in the Senate! took advantage of the debate to needle Senate Democratic Whip Hubert Humphrey, Minn., about his recent trip to Russia. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press «^^&t> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mail in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 16, 1938 Far from being chagrined by rejection of its application for a $183,000 Public Works Administration grant, the citizens public auditorium promotion committee was relieved, because of a subsequent decision to seek a larger government contribution — $225,000. Rejection had been made by PWA because the city was unable to meet an Oct. 24 deadline for calling of a referendum for a 1200,000 bond issue. The city now was planning a $275,000 bond issue. Dr. J. Dyke Van Putten, named first vice president of Blackburn College, had been a professional basketball player, hunted tigers in India, studied international relations at Geneva, Switzerland, supervised the American Children's School in India and taught sociology in Hunkchow, China, and the University of Nanking. Mother Aloysia, Mother Bernard, Mother Clara, and Mother Agatha of the Ursuline Convent on Danforth street, teachers at SS. Peter & Paul's School at Us opening 50 years before, and Sister Antonio, housekeeper for the group, were honored at dinner at the rectory 715 State St. A group of 42 businessmen organized the Alton Downtown Business Men's Assn. By-laws specified the purposes as: To promote, conserve, and protect the best interests of the Alton downtown business section; to achieve concerted efforts and business benefits for each of the members; to prevent unfair trade practices, protect the public from unfair advertising, promote better business conditions and standards, and foster better understanding and relationship among business and professional people and the public. John D. McAdams, speaker at the meeting, noted that the average weekly salary of $27.38 in this area wus the highest of any city of the state except Peoriu. Mrs. George Coventry of Kdwardsville was re-elected president of the Madison County Woman's Christian Temperance Union, meeting at Wood River. The legendary bird, The Piasa, described by Father Marquette in his Journal, had been restored in bright colors on the bluffs above Alton by Irwin Madwsley. Neighborhood clubs were to be organized by the Young Men's Christian Association, and use the "Y" facilities once each week. 50 Years Ago SKI'TKMBKK 16, 1013 Machine blowing was making new inroads on hand blosving of bottles hen?. Twenty-four of the hand-blowing shops were to be dropped at Illinois Glass Co, plant, and this meant that a total of 72 glassblowers were to be displaced. A tentative list of the glass blowers to be retained had been given the president o! the local GBBA branch. Between 25 and 30 of these were being engaged to work in the Obear-Nestor factory at Kansas City, and a number of others expected to be employed at Festus, Mo. T. C. Moorshead, Illinois Glass Co. superintendent said places would be found in other work for quite a number of the displaced blowers, some of them in the automatic factories where the pay was $3 a day. Alton Board of Trade was promoting a project to have a city plan made for the city. Dr. Werner Hageman, a city planning expert from Germany, was now in America, and, as a preliminary step in the planning project, the Board of Trade was seeking to engage him for a week's visit here. The authority on city plans was asked to make a complete survey of the city and make a report containing his recommendations. Directors of the YMCA were considering an addition to the Association building at 3rd and Market Streets. The object was primarily to afford more dormitory space, and an expenditure of $5,000 was proposed. Adding another story over the gymnasium wing was favored. Henry Meyer, elderly publisher, who was retiring because of failing eyesight after 45 years as editor of Alton Banner, accepted an invitation to print a valedictory message in the Telegraph. His article was to be in German, In keeping with the fact that the Banner had been a German language newspaper. Furniture had failed to arrive on time for outfitting a house near the campus which Shurtleff College had obtained for use as a girls' dormitory. College administrative officers spent a hectic day finding temporary lodgings for arriving girl students. President George M. Potter said he had assurance the furnishings lor the new dormitory would be delivered within another day. Robert Cu,rdie of Alton was low bidder at $17,500 on the paving ol Ferguson Avenue in Wood River. f

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