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Khrushchev Man Without a Real Friend (Srcoml of n Series) By WILLIAM L. RYAN Associated Press News Analyst "If you live nnirmg doRs," says Nikita Scrpeycvich Khrushchev, who is fond of proverbs, "Keep a slick with you." For him, the emit ions philosophy paid off. The 221)-pound bun- die of energy who fiends for the United Stales next week for the announced purpose of making friends never has had many of them at home. A Communist politician on I he way up couldn't afford friends. Close Call U was a close call for Khrushchev and olher members of Stalin's inner circle early in 1953. In the words of an American diplomat, old Stalin had "reached for (he bottle again " A new blood purge seemed inevitable. Nobody was safe. Stalin, suspecting somebody planned to rub him out in his declining years, cooked up a fantastic tale of a plot by doctors, most of them Jewish, to poison leading Soviet figures, including himself. Moscow had an ugly sense of foreboding. Luckily for most concerned — possibly it was more than coincidence—Stalin died in March. Georgi M. Malenkov became premier and party loader, the new boss. But he was not strong enough to rule. Within a few weeks the irrepressible Khrushchev nudged Malenkov out of the party leadership. The doctor's plot was denounced as a grim hoax. Nikita Khrushchev at last was on his way to the top. Once secret police chief Lavrcn- ty Reria was safely lodged in a I.ubyanka prison cellar, awaiting the final bullet, and the police organization was purged of tens of thousands of its more dangerous members. Khrushchev was tree to throw his considerable weight around He did. With his new post as first party secretary formally approved. Khrushchev promptly denounced the directors of Soviet agriculture for the sorry mess presented by that phase of '.he economy. Beria Shot Reria was shot and then given a trial as an American spy. The ^Russian in the street grinned broadly. Things would be better. And Khrushchev climbed higher. Ry he was able to blame Malenkov for Soviet farming woes and forced hurt to quit as premier with an abject confession of failure. Nikolai Rulganin. goateed and courtly political-military figure, became premier. When Stalin's body had been safely encased in a gaudy Red Square tomb for three years, Khrushchev finally was strong enough to denounce him to other Communists as a harbarian torturer and murderer, a military imbecile who nearly brought the nation to disaster. Khrushchev and the other top leaders may have owed their lives to an alliance with the military and the war hero. Marshal Georgi China's Chief Miffed at Ike-Nikita Talks- Mads Anger Behind Laos, India Atfacks MAO AND KHRUSHCHEV greeted ench other warmly a year ago when the Soviet Premier made an unannounced, quick trip to Peiping. The visit was followed by a sudden halt in Moscow's calls for a summit meeting. By LEON DENNEN NEA Special Correspondent NEW YORK - iNKA) — Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev is believed by some Kuropcan diplomats Lo ' • overplaying his hand by courting the United States. Hs avowed aim is to destroy the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and bring a unified Germany into the Soviet orbit. He has already, in some views, weakened NATO by obtaining a two-power conference with President Eisenhower, Rut this bold bid to split the West may ajso have split the Communist camp. This is the opinion of diplomats T found willing to talk freely in off-the-record conferences during my recently-concluded Kur- opean survey. Khrushchev's move has further alienated Red China. The Soviet Premier's skill as a salesman will be put to the supreme test when he talks to Mao Tsetung in Pciping following his Washington trip. Khrushchev's move also has sown confusion among Moscow's satellites. <\Viih the exception of Poland, which relishes any sign of "liberalization." > It has weakened the appeal of the Communist parties of France and Italy, the two strongest Red parties in the West. Red China's rulers did not conceal their anger when Khrushchev proposed a summit meeting without I hem in 1t>?>7 Recall that at that time Khrushchev nominated India's Prime Minister Nehru lo represent Asia at the summit. F.uropean observers think it is no coincidence that Mao Tse-tung Times Htrald, Carroll, la. Wedntiday, Sept. 9, 1959 has turned against India to symbolize his irritation with Khrushchev's dealing wilh Ihc U.S., still in a state of war with Red China. Soviet experts in Western capitals believe Peiping is the sole instigator of the Indian border incursions by Red troops and the invasion of Laos from Communist North Vietnam. I was told on most reliable authority that this also is Nehru's view. Like Red China's attacks on Matsu and Quemboy, this is said to be Mao's reminder to Moscow that it is he, not Khrushchev, who pulls the Red strings in Asia. Nobody in Europe believed the original American theory that | K. Zhukov. In 1956 Khrushchev hailed Zhukov as a superb gen- I eral who had been maligned and I exiled by Stalin. ! Exiles Marshal In 1957, the marshal was exiled by Khrushchev, who said he had | "violated Leninist principles." I Then the time finally came i when Bulganin was to be dis- , graced. He was forced to confess he had engaged in criminal activ-: ' ity with the antiparty group of! 1 Malenkov, Lazar Kaganovich and 1 ; V.M. Molotov, Stalin's right hand, in foreign affairs. Bulganin fell ' obliged to characterize Malenkov ' i as a plotter, Molotov as an ignora-. ' mus and Kaganovich as an old windbag. I But Stalin himself was not entirely dead. Some aspects of Sta- i ' linism still were necessary, par- ! I ticuiarly in the world movement. 1 When it came to questions of what is called the inevitable victory of world communism, announced j Khrushchev, he and all Commu-1 nisls were still "good Stalinists." j But he still ruled cautiously. He still had enemies. And. at the' lonely pinnacle, he probably could rely on nobody as a real friend. Food and Nutrition By Mary Macomber Director, Nutrition Service for Iowa Department of Health Distributed by The Iowa Daily Press Association Thursday: The Travrling Salesman. NUTRITION IN SPACE AGE The newspapers and magazines are full of stories df problems of getting man off Earth. Once off the ground, there's the problem of getting him through the radiation belt. Not the least problem of space travel is the nutrition of the passenger in the rocket. B'or it won't do him any good to arrive at the destination without having h i s wits about him and enough strength and energy to get out the door. Too, there'll he all that equipment to pull out so as Mary Macomber to photograph Moon! In a paper in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association for January of this year, Jane Ebbs, special Feeding and Nutrition Ad visor for the office of the quartermaster general, pointed out that the engineering problems of space travel are more nearly solved than •are the medical and nutritional problems. Just as the field of space medic ; ne is attracting young physicians, dietitians and biochemists are turning to the study of nutrition in space. What are some of the problems? A first trip will be say to a space station 1.075 miles above Earth. In considering Ihc problem of eating while in a gravity - less environment, Miss Ebbs states: "Ingestion of food itself would not be a serious problem, because food and beverages once placed in the mouth can be kept there by closing the lips. The tongue can be trained to guide the mass to the esophagus." But what about the food before it reaches the mouth under conditions of weightlessness? Miss Ebbs describes the opening of a package ni Students, Parents More Freely for Spending Clothing 7-UP DANCE Thur., Sept. 10 Music by EDDIE SKEETS and His Orchestra See your local 7-Up dealer tor tree passes to this dance. Adm.; 90c Per Person Tax included Many valuable prizes will be given away. LEGION BALLROOM ARCADIA ' IOWA By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK ' AP>—Some 4fi million students ate on their way back to school, from kindergarten to postgraduate college courses. And in most of the country merchants expect record receipts from outfitting them when the buying rush is over. Many report students or parents are spending more freely this year, and the trend is toward being more dressy and upgrading quality of purchases. Also, the number exposed to education grows steadily. Fathers with anything left over for suits for themselves may find the price up a bit this fall, manufacturers say. There are exceptions to the spending spree for new clothing. Merchants in areas hit by the steel strike and layoffs in its allied industries report spending on the frugal side. Clothing manufacturers who try to guess the trends have built up cautious inventories of Ivy League and Continental look suits and report good reception so far. Some say suits themselves are making a strong comeback at colleges where in recent years the costume has run to slacks, jeans, and jackets. Merchants say teen-agers are the most style-conscious of all— and most likely to seek the protective coloring of conformity. The teen-age market is now estimated at 10 billion dollars a year. For this money the clothing industry competes with the makers of hair curlers, electric shavers, shaving lotions, convertibles, and phonograph records. The industry is exerting strong effort to get youths to dress better, contending pride in appearance can reduce the tendency to juvenile delinquency and even improve grades. The American Institute of Men's and Boys' Wear claims ro per cent of the nation's public high schools approve its Dress Right program. The price of wool has strengthened. One manufacturer reports this caused an average rise in piece goods of 20 cents a yard. This could make men's fall suits cost about $1 more at wholesale One thing bothering much of the clothing industry is the influx nl apparel from Hong Kong and Japan. Roth the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America and the Clothing Manufacturers Assn. of the U. S. A recently asked interested senators to help dam the flow. Another issue—this one dividing domestic woolen mills and American makers of clothing irom imported cloth—is the selective tar- ilt on foreign fabrics. This year the first 13'-.» million pounds of fabrics paid 25 per cent duly. Then the levy jumped to 45 per cent. That policy is one of the thing:; President Eisenhower and Prime Minister Harold Macimllan are reported to have discussed in London, where the American practice is highly unpopular cornflakes only to have each little cornflake suspended in space between the package and a bowl — I he bowl itself floating about unless securely fastened to something not floating: But. you say. solids are out. We will have lo drink our food. But, under space conditions will fluids ' pour, fall in a lump or remain glued to the container? Only time and testing will tell. i It may well be that semi-liquids will be taken through a tube or pla- 1 stic container directly from container to the mouth. Or of course there is always the reverting to pills that contain all the know necessary nu-. ti'ients. Pills would be fine perhaps for a short trip — but scientists are definite considering the monotony of sueh a diet and psychologic and physiologic factors. This is the complaint we receive regularly from users of formula supplements. Soldiers in the last war told us that C and K rations left much to he desired. While building the space satellites, spinning in orbit at a rate of fiii.nun miles per hour, the pioneers will need food. Rut how much 0 Not much is known yet ahout how much energy will be needed to do a given task in a weightless con- d'tion. Water will rnntinup In he essen- tail for life Estimates are that man in a sedentary situation with , a temperature of 70 degrees to 75 degrees F. will need about two and a half quarts — roughly 5 pounds pr r day, nearly a ton for a year. It will he possible to recover some water Irom the atmosphere ol the scaled cabin Water can he reclaimed Irom body wastes. He will receive some Irom the food he oats or drinks. For trips of relatively short duration, say to the first satellite, the scientists anticipate food may be similar to rcady-to-eat conventional lood when preserved by irradiation and therelorc needing no refriger- at ion The Quartermaster Corps of the US Army is establishing a cooperative military-governmental- industry - university effort to perfect means of preserving food by irradiation Such research will contribute to the solution of ninny nutritional problems associated w i t h space travel. These foods — the meats, poultry fish, fruits and vegetables and baked goods — preserved by irradiation and vacuum dehydration method and packed in flexible con tainers may well be the staples of Ihe space station's pantry. Wernher von Braun in his "Conquest of the Moon", Viking Press Inc., 1953, says that the wait on Mars for the time for Earth to 'ie at a precise point where the space ship can intercept it may take 450 ! days. When thare is consideration I ol journeys taking years, there must be further alternatives for nourishment. The scientists helievc that in Ihe sealed space ship oxygen from green algae will be utili-| ?,ed by the traveler. His waste car-) bon dioxide will be utilized by the plants, the algae eaten, and waste ! products of metabolism used to t nourish one man and at the same • tune clear a given area of man's respired carbon dioxide. j It will be interesting to watch de-' velopments in nutrition research in' this Age of Space we are living in. Girl Runs in Front of Autombile, Killed ROONE i AP i— A 17-months-old girl who had been playing on the curb near her home was killed by a car Tuesday evening when she ran out into the street. The girl was Debra Louise Colvin. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ken Colv in. Officials said a neighbor, Eugene O. Merrill. 24. was near his home and driving slowly when the child ran in front of him. Debra died a few minutes after she was taken to a hospital Not a Car Care with Sinclair ! New Sinclair Triple X, the Multi -Grade Motor Oil, fully protects your engine for all- weather driving. We recommend you drain and refill every 1000 miles. Remember J - there's not a car care with ! Sinclair! ' Drive in Today MARVIN'S SINCLAIR SERVICE Open Evenings Till 10 p.m. Khrushchev motivated the Asian aggression against Laos. ! Intelligence agencies in Western ! capitals have devoted much attcn- j tion to two "tent events bearing j on Moscow's influence, if any, upon | Peiping. First was Khrushchev's surprising denunciation of Mao's pet scheme, the communes, during his visit to Poland. He called them "false communism." Second as the strong statement by the Chinese Central Committee in rebuttal, which said that for China the communes were superior form of communism. German specialists are well aware that much Western opinion thinks that Moscow and Peiping see ey» to eye. They say these observers overlook historic differences between the Chinese and the Russians. The Chinese Communists, so say the Germans are not likely to have forgotten tl t Stalin fought against China for Russia's "rights" in Manl churia and seized Outer Mongolia, j formerly a Chinese province. I The Russians have grabbed more j Chinese territory than any other na• tion. To the Chinese, Soviet im- j perialism was no less grasping than the Czar's. As seen from l^ropean intelligence offices, here's the result: Khrushchev is sure to sound o"' I Eisenhower's attitude about Red China's military potential when 'they meet. It must worry the Rus: sian as much as it does the American. ! Man retaliates by backing Khrushchev's enemies in and out of the j Russian Politiburo. I Among Russia's European sat ellites, only Poland rests easy ax Khrushchev moves to ease tensions. The Communist rulers of East Germany, Czccholsovakia, Bulgaria and Albania can stay In power only if the Iron Curtain stays up. The Russian problem is seen as this: Is it more important to deal with the U.S. and split the West — which is Khrushchev's ambition? Or is it. more important at all costs to maintain the unity of the Red world? The second view is advocated by Mao Tse-tung and his Russian supporters, V. M. Molotov and Nikolai Bulganin, and by Politburo members Mikhail Suslov and Alexei Kirichenko. HILAND 0ii'-i.D,.U : .i.: TWIN-PACK BAG MODERN WAY TO 1UY P0TAT0CHIPS 1 Blk. East of Burke Motor Inn DIAL 9122 We Give Cold Bond Stamps V !(Op LWORTH PLASTIC FLOWERS '7 Fern 10c Ivy 19c Mums 69c Lily of Valley 19c Chinese Evergreen 39c Roses 29c - Make your home more beautiful and colorful with NEW LIFELIKE PLASTIC FLOWERS. See the most complete assortment in town at your friendly Woolworth Store. SPECIAL ROSES 19C ea Dozen $2.19 Green Foliage 19c Bell Flowers 29c Anemore • - 19c Wild Rhododendron 29c Philodendron 19c & 59c 39e — 59e Farm Program Highlights From the Carroll County A.S.C. Office The present estimate indicates that 750,000 hushels of 1956, 1957, and 1!)5H corn will be reseated on farms in Carroll County. A high percentage of this corn is stored as shelled corn. A large amount of the 1956 and 1957 corn is infested with bran bugs or weevil or MONOGRAM America's Most Beautiful Oil Heater • Quality Construction Intido and 0»t • Unexcelled Home Comfort and Healing Iconemy Beauty only begins the Monogram story, however. Inside, where the heat is produced and evenly spread throughout your home, only the finest, most advanced parts are found. Yes, feature for feature and dollar for dollar Monogram stands alone as the most outstanding comfort buy—any. where! Comp in and see our complete line soon. Matt Hardware Co. both. If you have resealed "corn on your farm, it would pay you to check the corn very closely. If insects are present in your corn, fumigation is necessary to help control any further damage. Adequate ventilation is another important item in storing corn. To avoid loss in stored corn, it is recommended that the bin be equipped with air ducts and fans and that these fans be operated so that the temperature of the corn be kept within approximately twenty degrees of the outside air temperatures. Check the condition of the corn by digging in the top of the corn to a depth of one foot. This should he done at least once a week. If there is evidence of trouble you may contact the warehouseman of your choice for advice and help. This is a critical time of the year for hug trouble in stored corn. This corn means money for you and therefore, deserves your immediate attention. When corn is resealed, it is still your corn covered by a mortgage to Commodity Credit Corporation. A discount at delivery time will lower your net profit and we are certain you don't want that to happen Please remember that placing corn in a bin and keeping it for a year does not result in a net profit of 16 cents. Some time and money must be expended in the care of Ihe corn or the resulting loss of weight and grade "will substantially reduce the income. One final sentence — Check your resealed corn, now, it will pay you. * * *' School has started — Drive carefully, you can't replace a child. Cut Out Just for You! Fall's Flattering Version of the Sfiirt Dress! Everything's on the rise this Fall, especially the new Fall version of the shirt dress. You can be on the up and up in fashion too, with a shirt dress patterned especially for YOUR particular figure-type. They're SO EASY to make yourself— and fitting's no problem at all especially with Buttericks pattern 7752 pictured at left. Whether you are a junior size or a miss who wears from 10 to 20, Waters Fabric Shop has just the shirt dress for YOU in a wide selections of fabrics and colors including the brilliant splashy big figure cotton prints and the lovely Shag Bark ginghams as pictured in the pattern shown. BRILLIANT SPLASHY PRINTS ANDSLUBBED SHAG BARK GINGHAMS TOP FALL DRESSES SHAG BARK GINGHAMS Your favorite fashions should be made of this Shan Hark Gingham the original truly wash and wear cotton. It's a distinctive por- ou* crease resistant weave with a soft nuhby texture to give it an expensive- look Rich color combination* woven right Into the fabric, :iB inches wide. $1.39 Yard BRILLIANT SPLASHY PRINTS PAMPERED COTTONS Kashlon reaches a new high ... In brilliant color and unusual design In these striking prints .with their attractive big bold flower*, In easy cue cottons with tho look and (eel nl silk Colorful, lustrous, so beautl- fnlh wrinkle resistant ... so easy In wash . . . need only the light touch of an iron. 36 inches wide. 98c Yard DRESS WITH BOUFFANT SKIRT YARDACIK I'OR SUe 12 H 16 18 2<r V1KW A CONTRAST .iv 'No •14" " 35" " Nil l» 4 1 j ! " l>, " " 4-v," •V., 4 1 1 IS IV., 1 4 ; » 4*4 1 '" VIEW B | CONTRAST 38" (No 35" " Nan) 1 '» •'•x H VIKW C 35" iNo Nap) 1 41/4 " 4>. WATERS 5th ST. DEPT. STORE Have Fun in Our Fabric Shop!