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A«4 Alton Ewntng Telegraph Monday, August 21,1072 .What We think about... district vote . . . Busing bill question 9' vole recommended A decision by voters Tuesday on Alton, Godfrey and Foster Townships (Alton is n CO-existent city-township) whether to include or annex the outlying areas with tho Alien Hayner Library District deserves careful study by every eligible voter. More than just extension of services for Which taxes will be paid, the election may be an indicator of attitudes for future cooperation generally between Godfrey and Alton. There is never any "best time" for a referendum which will raise taxes. This is especially true to Godfrey and Foster residents who have been socked with increased assessments and tax bills received recently. Because the tax increase in Godfrey will amount to $15 on a home assessed at 510.000, one can project a cost from $30 to $45 per year for the average home. Presently, if one used a non-resident library card costing $5 per family member, $15 to $20 cost per family would be typical. We think another hangup which may hurt. the district is the statutory provision that by referendum (a vote of the public) the library district tax rate may go up to 40 cents per $100 of assessed value. It Is unlikely that such a proposal would pass, however. We feel, despite any drawbacks a library district might have, Its advantages would far outweigh any increased cost* to individuals. Many people today spend more on lawn care, leisure pursuits, and record albums in a couple of weeks than the cost of modern library services would be If the district proposal passes. The books-by-mall, bookmobile, and neighborhood library center concepts are innovative approaches which can be expanded if a district is allowed to be formed. We feel the library district would be an important supplement to our educational system, aiding young and old alike to keep pace with a fast-changing world with self improvement. There would be representatives from Godfrey and Foster on the library board who would safeguard the interests of those residents and direct the board as those residents wish. We urge voters in the Alton, Godfrey and Foster areas to vote "Yes" for the Hayner Public Library District in the Tuesday election. Senate filibuster predicted The House has acted on an issue growing in its controversial heat, now long before the courts: Busing of school children for purposes of achieving desegregation. The bill may still be stalled in the Senate which has yet to What YOU think: Anatomy of a poll-ee consider it. In one way, the bill could be viewed with alarm by those — as we are — who believe desegregation in the schools is an important part of preservation of the United States as a nation. It may be hoped, however, that potential alarmists will recognize in the bill a set of rules which, while establishing some limits on the process, do specify measures for integration in the schools. Moreover, it certainly is subject to further changes in the legislative process. To date court decisions across the land, based on original U.S. Supreme Court rulings against segregation in the schools, have largely adapted themselves to individual cases, and are based on an earlier Supreme Court rejection of the 1954 "separate but equal" facilities Supreme Court ruling. The rule of thumb those gradually developed has been a vague one, indeed, fraught with extreme confusion to anyone faced with responsibility for establishing a definite plan of operation, The Congressional bill now submitted to President Nixon Introduces some degree of broad regulation. It does not prohibit busing for desegregation purposes. Rather, it limits that busing to a "last resort" category, banning transportation of Miami Beach vacation * child further than the second closest school to his. home. The "second school" limit is a tight one, it was Inserted a« a late ammendment, and certainly Is due for further discussion in the Senate — probably under some pressure from the President. Perhaps an objectionable feature from the standpoint of desegregationllsts is that which permits reopening of past orders by courts hi an effort to modify rulings to meet the bill's provisions. In the process of adjudging any features of the new law and of court orders for busing, it must be recalled that blacks in many parts of the country — including Alton little more than a generation ago — were quite accustomed to busing for much further than the "second farthest school" to achieve segregation. Busing would have been a convenience then. They had to ride streetcars, sometimes from one end of town to the other. If such a bill should eventually stand court tests, features which develop future public antipathy could be further reshaped to conform with the possibilities of effectiveness. Congressional action at least could take the question out of the "Never Never Land" of court rulings on constitutionality of each individual plan in each school district Taverns should pay way The challenge to raise Madison county's liquor license fee well past its present $300 should not be neglected by the county board. It has been 38 years since the board reassessed its liquor license fee. During that time the county sheriff's staff has increased many times, partly to meet the pressures occasioned by late night tavern visitors. Particularly should the license fee be raised appreciably since Alton's board member, Edward Voumard, has succeeded in his efforts to have the 112-tavern limitation dropped. The fee increase could tend to hold down any threatened mushrooming In the number of taverns. As was pointed out to the county board last week, the county's fee is far under those of not only most municipalities within the county, but those in many other counties of the state. Even the rural counties of Jersey, Bond, and Washington, in our areas, charge a $500 fee, while Alton's fee is $625, and Collinsville and Edwardsville charge $400. Wood River taverns must pay $900. It's time Madison county's taverns outside municipal areas pull their share of the load in financing what new enforcing organization is needed to compensate for their presence. PAUL S. and STEPHEN A. COUSLEY Frequently one hears comment as to how the national opinion polls, (Harris and Gallup), are conducted. A relatively small sample is taken in selected areas of the United States. People are heard to remark, ''I wonder who has been polled. I've never had any contact with these pollsters." I have read with interest the series of articles in the Telegraph by Louis Harris on the poll of 1360 persons August 2 and 3, and I was one of that number. A large number of questions on many sheets of paper were asked and my answers recorded. They included such factual material as to party affiliation, religion, whether I intended to vote, my age, my opinion on a large number of public issues and considerable material on Sen. Tom Eagleton as the Democratic vice presidential nominee. The questions had been prepared before Sen. Eagleton was replaced by Sargent. Shriver as Vice - Presidential nominee. I was called two days later to be asked specific questions regarding the proprietory of the change made by Senator McGovern. I was shown a map of & small wedge of Brighton as the area where a limited number of men and women were to be polled. The polltaker assured me that this was to be the only area in Macoupin county to be polled. I am puzzled as to how they determine the geographic distribution of such a small sample. Before the poll results were made public I was called by the Louis Harris headquarters .'n New York to inquire how ,'ong I was soiled and my answers to specific questions. This I assume was to assure accuracy as to the actual polling. The poll results, the last I have seen of the series resulting from these interviews, was published Aug. 14 in the Telegraph and covered the propriety of dropping Sen. Eagleton from the ticket. It was a result of two telephoned questions after the pollster was here' in person. Of course I am still puzzled as to how the cross-section of 1630 percons polled was arrived at, and whether to consider such polls to be a true measure of the opinion of a nation of over 200 million population. JOHN E. BRYNES Box 428 Brighton Grief personal As a resident of the area, living in Wood River and earning my livelihood in Alton, 1 would like to express my disgust with some of your front page stories and pictures in the last few weeks. Senationalism seems to be the goal of your newspaper rather than reporting news worthy of public reading. I must say I thought the picture of Sen. Ralph Smith's widow most distasteful. Grief is a personal thing not to be displayed like an ad to sell your newspaper. I think if you would use a little common judgment on .such things as this and other quotes from public figures, you would be doing the community a service. Instead, you are turning th« only daily publication in the area into a cheap, disgusting scandal sheet. I might add that I have reliable Information that * recent story appeared In your paper in which the statements were absolutely untrue. MRS. JOE BENTON 835 Penning Ave. Wood River (EDITOR'S NOTE: When stories are "absolutely untrue", we like to be informed what stories they are, and what the facts are, so we can correct them immediately.) IT&T lying low at Miami MIAMI BEACH - International Telephone and Telegraph, which got caught in a plot to help subsidize the Republican convention in San Diego, is lying low here at Miami Beach. Two ITT press agents, Bemie Goodrich and Jack Homer, are passing out free booze from a small bar in their suite at the Eden Roc. But the drinks are intended for foreign newsmen who use ITT's communications facilities. The ITT operatives are under strict injunction to ke«p out of Republican politics. This is a dramatic departure from the way Dita Beard, the grand dame of ITT, operated at past conventions. She pushed ITT's corporate interests in the smoke-filled rooms with the brass and brains befitting a lobbyist for the world's most predatory corporation. What's more, she could match the backroom boys drink for drink and story for story. But this was before she wrote her controversial memo, suggesting that the financial offer to the Republicans was linked to the settlement of ITT's antitrust case. No outsider knows for sure whether ITT promised the Republicans $100,000, Easy way to find out truth about charges Resents 'J. B.' slur I was particularly curious about the author of the Thursday, Aug. 17, article, "Supt. Mitchell looks big, tough, but is really mild." According to this article, Dr. Mitchell is "the first ray OJ hope 10 those seeking to o r g a n i / e for collective bargaining power" since the teachers "don't have 'J. B.', (Dr. Johnson) to deal with any more " Perhaps in that regard, someone might also consider that "the first ray of hope-" was not necessary when Dr. Johnson was superintendent. Perhaps morale was higher than its present low (since collective bargaining is a product of labor - professional unrest). It is also my opinion that not enough was said about Dr. Johnson's success in the Alton school system. Dr. Johnson started with a small school system and brought It to a position of one of the best in the state. Whether you agreed with Dr. Johnson's philosophy and leadership, I feel that you should give him the respect aiid credit he deserves. It is also interesting to note the numerous critics who now appear alter Dr. Johnson's retirement. VIRGINIA BIVENS 218 Admiral Dr. By John Roche As you may have notice<J over the year, I have devoted almost no space to gossip. This is not because I don't enjoy a titillating morsel as much as the next man; rather it is an outgrowth of my professional training as a constitutional and political historian. I have a passion for probative evidence, that is, for pieces of paper with a date and a signature. For instance, a couple of years or so ago during the famous "Battle of Johnson's Speech" the American public was exposed to an orgy of gossip. Ex-President Johnson, in an interview with Walter Cronkite, said he had sent a memo to his principal foreign policy adviser* asking them for a total review of our options in Vietnam. Towiwend Hoopes, a former middle-level official in the Pentagon, wrote an article accusing Johnson of lying, stating ftotly that »he Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford had never re. cejved such a memo. Now there was a simple way o f discovering whether Johnson or Hoopea wai correct. Any "Top Secret" memorandum of this order Is delivered personally by an officer courier who does not depart until he has received a signed receipt for the document — a personally signed receipt, The secretary's or administrative assistant's signature wont do. So the question was this; Did Clifford sign a receipt for this particular memo? A check of the Pretident'i filet indicated that he did. That settled that. At the moment we are off on another gossip carnival launched when the Democratic Vice Presidential nominee, R, Sargent Shriver, told the press that in the winter of 1969 President Nixon "blew" a golden opportunity for peace in Vietnam. Shriver, who wu then Ambassador to France, was not plugged in to the Paris negotiations, They were conducted on a separate diplomatic track, However, he undoubtedly engaged in private con- versationi with Ambassadors Harriman and Vance. Whei pubed fer documentation by Secretary of State William Rogers, Shriver took refuge behind this jurisdictlonal division. He allowed that he had not reported this alleged bungling of the negotiations, but that his views were reflected in the cables sent by Harriman and Vance. Since he remained in Paris for another year as President Nixon's representative, we can assume that the matter did not keep him awake nights. For openers then, Shriver has no document to back his charge. Let us then turn to Ambassadors Harriman and Vance, who rushed to support Shriver'e allegation. Recall that, owing to arguments over the shape of the table, agreement on substantive talks was not reached until January 16, I960 — four days before Mr. Nixon assumed office. Harriman departed shortly thereafter; Vance roughly a month later. At some time between January and March, 1969, then, it is contended that the North Vietnamese signaled their willingness for peace. The alleged signal was that Hanoi withdrew a substantial number of its troops. My memory tells me that nothing remarkable occurred in January, 1009, but almost four years have passed since I saw the Harriman-Vance reports. So before we go any further into this hearsay frolic, I would urge President Nixon to declassify the cables from the Paris negotiators. By Jack Anderson #00,000, $300,000, $400,000 or $600,000. All these figures were mentioned by ITT officials testifying under oath. The committee collecting the convention funds in San Diego received a check from ITT for $100,000 as a down- payment. Mrs. Beard in her memo and San Diego's Congressman Bob Wilson in a taped interview both put the pledge at $400,000. But this is now political- history. ITT saved its money: the Republicans moved their convention to Miami Beach. And Dita Beard? She's still in Denver where she wound up in a hospital with an alleged heart attack during the ITT hullabaloo. Her . attorney, David Fleming, tells us she is in such poor health that she ' may never be able to return to Washington. Her family doctor, Dr. Victor Liszka, tells us she has suffered another "relapse." The- doctors who were assigned by the Senate to examine her found ''no objective evidence of a heart attack." Fleming wouldn't say where Mrs. Beard is staying in Denver. Her address is secret, her phone unlisted. But he confirmed that she is, still drawing full salary from ITT. , The Republicans are quietly searching for a way to open their party to more women, blacks and young people without resorting to what Vice President Agnew has denounced as "quota poU- tics." GOP leaders are keenly aware that the Whig Party vanished after electing four Presidents in the 1800s, because the party wouldn't widen its base, Republican strategists are particularly eager to broaden the party's appeal this year. They would like to take advantage of the expected Democratic defection and, hopefully, convert Democrats who vote for President Nixon into permanent Republicans. The strategists have been cheered by an unannounced survey of Republican delegates. This showed 30 per cent are women, 13 per cent under 30, five per cent black, two per cent Spanish-speaking and two per cent Jewish. This compares favorably with the Democratic convention. President Nixon, meanwhile, has joined Agnew in opposing the quota principle. In a letter to the American Jewish Committee about equal employment opportunity, the President declared: "I agree that numerical goals, although an Important and useful tool to measure progress which remedies the effect of past discrimination, must not be allowed to be applied in such a fashion as to, in fact, result in the imposition of quotas "I have asked the appropriate departmental heads to review their policies to ensure conformance with these views." The word, however, apparently didn't reach the man in charge of economic opportunity. In an August 9 memo to all employees, Director Philip Sanchez established quotas for hiring. Notes the memo: "While some notable progress has been made in the areas of minority and female employment, there remains much to be accomplished." The memo, therefore, sets out the following long-ran^e "goals" for minorities and women: Blacks, 30 per cent; Spanish-speaking, G per cein: American Indians, 1 per cent; Orientals, 1 per cent; women, 37 per cent. Footnote: Associate Director Louis Churchville played down the reference to quotas. "I can't relate quota to goal," he said. "What we're saying in the memo is that if you have attrition, try and reach these goals. If you can't meet those goals, you just continue to try." What YOU think: The Telegraph welcomes prose expressions of its readers' own opinions of Wlint VOU think. Writers' names and mlclrosses must he puh- lished with their letters. Contributions should be concise preferably not exceeding ir.o words, und arc subject to conduiuution. What they did then — news from the Telegraphs of yesteryear 25 years ago AVGL'ST 'il, 1917 I.H. Streeper, local assistant attorney-general, had received orders to prepare for filing proceedings to condemn property ali^g the Alton river front at the foot of Henry street for purpose of providing 6 site for the proposed state armory at Alton. The §uit would be instituted by the state in the name of the city, and on acquiring tiile u» the land by Condemnation, the city would conve> whatever pan tvas needed by the State of Illinois for an armory Cite. The heat wave in its 26th day seemed bound (o continue, despite a one-night relief because of Violent storms in the St. Louis area. TU temperature* dropped some 13 degrees during the night, but began rising on the following morning. The long heat siege had caused ice supplies in Alton to be cut by 50 per cent to business houses and homes. The restricted deliveries would remain in force until the heat wave ended. Depot sales would be limited to 25 pounds per customer, and would close at 7 p.m. weekdays and at noon on Sundays, having prevtaiily operated 24 hours a day. During the heat wive the area's daily consumption of Jte had been |M tons. Lewis M. Can*, for 46 years employed at the First National Bank & Trust Co. and its predecessor, Alton National Bank, retired with the title of assistant cashier. Following his college at Brown University in Providence, H.I. in 1895, he worked for his father i» the Pierson and Carr Dry Goods Co., until K was destroyed by fire. His mother's family had heavy interest in the bank and he enetred tU lervic* after the fire. The J. & R. Motor Supply store at 400 Belle street was purchased by th« Sptag«l Inc. retail division. The MW OWMCV would offer increased selections of tires, auto parts, accessories, hardware, farm and garden •qolptrmt, tools, electrical appliances, radios and sporting 50 years ago AUGUST 21, 1122 President Harding declared he favored military training for 100,000 civilians, as he addressed a group of citizen soWieri at Camp Meade, Md. He directed attention to the fact that training was afforded 28,000 civilians during the current summer compared with 11,000 the previous year. Denying thought of armed warfare, ho nevertheless declared his support for the policy of preserving the peace around the world. In Congress the Republican leaders in the House planned to send the new tariff bill to a Senate-House conference committee. The reference was delayed by tiw many cnangw madt to H* stormy trip through the Senate, which involved much overtime in the government printing shop. MonticftUo Seminary expected a capacity enrollment Of 175 at its fall opening, and Western Military Academy officials forecast a larger one than during the previous year, when 250 attended. An increase over the previous year was also expected at ShurUttf College, where inany previous year's graduates of Alton Higb were planning to cater. A prisoner held in Jersey county jail since the previous spring on charges of thefts from railroad cars sawed his way out. The last opening confronting him was only 6 by 14 inches, so he greased his body to slip through more easily. Between 400 and 600 automobiles were driven to a nearby farm on Sunday afternoon carrying a crowd interested in witnessing a race over stubble fields between a city horse and a country horse. The country horse won. Finding an item of construction omitted by the low bidder, the board of local improvements recessed to study the proposals for paving College avenue, Seminary, and Main streets in Upper Alton. The item at issue was a stone retaining wall, which the low contractor, H. C. Beiser, said he bad allowed for in to bkl though he &ad not itemized it.