The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois on July 30, 1974 · Page 1
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The Decatur Daily Review from Decatur, Illinois · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 30, 1974
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R DAILY RE VIE VOL.97 NO. 173 DECATUR, ILLINOIS, TUESDAY, JULY 30,-1974 2 Sections plus Supplement (s)' IS CENTS Judiciary Committee Debates Withholding Of Tapes, Documents sweeping, five-part second arti them apparently because they saw it as softening the charge rather than because of over-all Washington (AP) With two broad impeachment articles already approved, the House Judiciary Committee displayed a new and blurred alignment today over a separate charge tied to President Nixon's refusal to comply with committee subpoenas. But debate and a roll call vote on an amendment indicated approval was likely for the third article of impeachment and the first proposed by a Republican, Rep. Robert McClory of Illinois, the panel's second-ranking GOP member. McCIory's article declares that Nixon "failed without lawful cause or excuse" to produce the evidence-, including tapes of 147 conversations, sought by the panel in eight subpoenas issued during April, May and June. Introduction of his article triggered the sixth day of the nationally broadcast proceedings and followed a session late Monday night which produced recommendation of a Associated Press Wirephoto Judiciary Committee members raise their hands to indicate they want to speak during Monday's impeachment debate. Judge Rules That Hartigan Must Face Hearing in Suit Claims to Be Filed Signing Expected Turkey, Greece Set Compromise Nixon Seeks Of Portions Washington (AP) A White House spokesman said today President Nixon will claim that portions of 20 Watergate tapes being surrendered today to U. S. District . Judge John J. Sirica should not be passed on to Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski. Deputy Press Secretary Gerald L. Warren said Nixon spent much of the morning personally listening to tapes in the Lincoln sitting room at the White House. Warren said the President has determined that he will file claims that Jaworski should be denied parts of the tapes on grounds of national security or executive privilege. Warren said "there will be a few" such instances but added, "I am not prepared to discuss what these may be." Under terms of an 8-0 Supreme Court ruling last Wednesday, Sirica eventually is to Chicago (AP) Lt. Gov. Neil Hartigan must face a hearing in a civil suit charging him with negligence in the closure of Apollo Savings and Loan, a federal judge ruled. Judge Joseph Sam Perry also ruled Monday that Hartigan, a former director of the savings and loan association, may have his case heard apart from others named in a Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corp. suit. The 1969 action seeks to re cover some of the ?53 million paid insured Apollo depositors after the firm closed in 1968. It accused some of the institution's officials not Hartigan of mismanagement and fraud, contending income was overstated and financial facts conceal ed. Hartigan's attorney argued for dismissal of the suit against him saying, "There are no conten tions he was personally involved in any wrongdoing. They have to show that Mr. Hartigan noticed something that a reasonably prudent man would do some thing about." The attorney, Don H. Reuben, has said the FSLIC action against Hartigan is an attempt cle accusing Nixon of misuse of federal agencies. The panel quickly passed today 24 to 14 an amendment offered by Democrat Ray Thornton of Arkansas aimed at making clear that the McClory article is not intended to infringe upon legitimate claims of executive privilege by presidents. Rep. John F. Seiberling, D-Ohio, noted, "We are not seeking broad authority to obtain White House material, but are limiting ourselves to an impeachment inquiry." McClory agreed, but stressed that the issue of privilege "has noplace in an impeachment inquiry." Two Democrats opposed 'Thornton's amendment because they thought it weakened the article; a third is opposed to the entire concept of a subpoena article. Six Republicans approved the Thornton amendment, two of Withholding of Tapes receive tapes and memoranda covering 64 presidential conversations, then screen them for material he deems relevant for Jaworski's purposes. The special prosecutor subpoenaed the tapes for use as evidence in the Sept. 9 trial for six former White House and Nixon re-election campaign aides charged in connection with the Watergate cover-up. Warren said he was not certain whether Nixon's objections to giving Jaworski some of the material on the first 20 tapes will be based on executive privilege or national security grounds, or both. Nixon postponed until mid-afternoon a scheduled morning meeting with Secretary of the Treasury William L. Simon. Warren said Nixon's review of the tapes, which he said began Monday, contributed to the delay in the meeting with Simon. Robert McClory gress representing a strongly Republican suburban Chicago district, McClory has been a party loyalist who seldom stepped into the spotlight. He has said he considers his most significant piece of legislation the Monday holiday bill. He is proud of having managed the Equal Rights Amendment when the House passed it overwhelmingly. . "He has strong convictions, but he's malleable," says his wife, a former television producer who married him in 1969 several years after the death of his first wife. One sign of McCIory's anguish over impeachment is what it's done to his tennis game. "He's an avid and good tennis player, but his game is so bad now that Rep. David W. Dennis (R-Ind.), whos strictly an amateur, beat him the other day," said a friend. j j support for the article. Involving a phrase that has come to haunt the Nixon White House time and again, McClory asserted that "The prime ex ample of stonewalling is right there." McClory predicted adoption by a 22 to 16 margin of the third article. In a bid to speed up proceedings, the panel agreed to a two-hour limit for general debate on the proposal. Other proposed articles on Nixon's personal finances and on the secret bombing of Cambodia were to be introduced later. Committee members were unsure if they could finish their deliberations by tonight. The committee climaxed a 12- hour session Monday night by approving, 28 to 10, an article charging Nixon with violating his oath of office and his constitutional duties. McClory predicted in advance of debate that his proposed third article would be approved 22 to 16. "Congress itself is pitted against the executive," he said in defense of his proposal. He said executive privilege "has no place in an impeachment inquiry." McCIory's swing to the pro-impeachment side Monday in the abuse of power debate produced the most one-sided substantive vote of the public deliberations. Seven Republicans joined the 21 committee Democrats in support of the ."rticle, which many of 'them judged to be stronger than the obstruction of justice article approved 'Saturday. 27-11. "Just as a consistent abuse of power holds more danger for the republic than a single criminal act, so is this a far more serious charge than in the article already adopted," said Rep. Lawrence J. Hogan, R-Md., a leading supporter of Article II. President Nixon's supporters on the - panel viewed the proceedings darkly. "I'm deeply concerned for the future of the presidency," said Rep. Delbert L. Latta, R-Ohio. ' But the Democrats and Republicans supporting the article said the offenses charged against Nixon were so serious they threatened the freedom of the American people. Article II is based on the oath a President takes to faithfully execute his office and to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution, and on the duty the Constitution imposes on him to see that the laws are faithfully executed. It charges Nixon with violating both his oath and his constitutional duties by misusing the Internal Revenue Service, authorizing illegal wiretaps, establishing a secret investigative unit in the White House that engaged in unlawful activities, and interfering with investigations of the Watergate break-in and cover-up. Impoundment May Not Be Impeachable Offense Washington (AP) . The impeachment inquiry staff has suggested that President Nixon's impoundment of funds appropriated by Congress may not be an impeachable -offense, even though courts have ruled some impoundments were illegal. The suggestion, short of a conclusion, was contained in one of three staff memoranda made public Monday. The others dealt with the bombing in Cambodia and use of public funds for Nixon's properties in San Clemente, Calif., and Key Biscayne, Fla. There are indications the House Judiciary Committee will not approve impeachment articles based on any of the three issues. The memoranda, which are compilations of facts and legal considerations, contained a summary only on the impoundment issue. Uncomfortable Position McClory Isn't Wave-Making Type More Tests Needed Negotiations With Convicts At Impasse Huntsville, Tex. (AP) Negotiations with three armed convicts at the Texas state prison remained at an impasse today amid a report that the rebel inmates were walling to exchange some of their hostages for prison officials. Kathy Pollard, 24, the daugh ter of one of the civilian hostages being held by the convicts, said that rebel inmate leader Fred Gomez Carrasco agreed during a telephone conversation with her Monday night to trade 1C of his 13 hostages for five prison officials. A prison spokesman said Carrasco's offer, when made directly to them, will be con sidered. A similar deal offered earlier by Carrasco was turned down by corrections officials because it was conditioned on the women hostages remaining with Carrasco. Because the new offer is for an outright, unconditional trade, it would be reconsidered should it come up if negotiations are resumed. Miss Pollard said Carrasco told her he would exchange the civilian hostages for prison Warden H. H. Husbands, prison system director W. J. Estelle, an assistant director, prison security chief Andrew Murdock Jr. and any captain in the prison system. The number of hostages dropped from 15 to 13 Monday after one inmate-hostage dashed to freedom through a glass door and a woman captive suffered an apparent heart attack. Estelle at that pointrepeated his offer to let the three rebels surrender. But Carrasco, a former narcotics kingpin serving life for assault to murder a police officer, pressed demands tor weapons, ammunition and flak jackets. Aline House, a 61-year-old librarian, was taken by stretcher from the library about 5:30 p.m. Monday when Carrasco called the warden's office to say she was sick. Doctors have not been able to ascertain if she had a heart attack although she has symptoms of a heart attack," Taylor said. About 12 hours earlier, Henry Escamilla, a 40-year-old inmate hostage, plunged through a glass door of the prison library and ran down a ramp. He was still suffering from shock after being severely cut around the head and shoulders, prison hospital attendants said. TWO PARTNERS CHARGED FOR CAMPAIGN GIFTS Washington (AP) Two partners in a computer-mail firm were charged Tuesday by Watergate prosecutors with misdemeanor counts of aiding and abbetting the donation of $82,000 in corporation money from the milk producers to the campaigns of Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, D-Minn.; Sen. James C. Abourezk, D- S. D., andothersi By the Associated Press Turkey and Greece have reached a compromise agree ment "in principle for ending then- military showdown on Cyprus, a spokesman for the Turkish delegation to the Geneva peace talks reported to day. He predicted the accord would be signed this afternoon. But ' Greek Foreign Minister George Mavros told newsmen that, while he is hopeful,, there were still a number of problems to resolve before a truce could be signed. , The Turkish SDokesman said the exact wording of the agree ment was Demg worked out, including a compromise on the poieriuauy explosive issue oi Turkish troop withdrawals. He indicated the Turks would agree to wording in the asrpempnt that would speak of Turkish iroop reductions, rather than withdrawals. A Greek delegate said, how ever that the new Turkish for mula commits the Ankara gov ernment to withdraw its invasion force when a final political settlement is reached on the Mediterranean island. '- Thp Turkish military presence thereby would be officially defined as temporary, thus savin? the Greeks face. Once an interim military agreement is concluded in Geneva, the Cvnrus npnr-p taltc will be able to advance to a se cond, stage to deal with the island republic's Dolitical future. This would include an nupr- hauling of the Cyprus constitu tion as well as the i960 agreement whereby Greece, Turkey and Britain' guaranteed Cyprus independence. These talks could, begin toward the end of the first week in August, the Turkish spokesman said. One date being mentioned was Aug. 8. Observers in Geneva reacted to the latest pronouncements with caution, recalling that several times during the six days of talks delegates had said an agreement was near at hand. But each time the accord fell through at the last moment. The talks ; again'- appeared headed toward failure when Turkey, which had been taking a hard line, offered new proposals at the three power conference. The new Turkish "proposals came after Secretary of State Henry -A. Kissinger conferred long-distance from Washington with Turkish Premier Bulent Ecevit in Ankara, Turkish sources said. Members of the Greek dele gation, who voiced deep pessimism Monday night, told newsmen the atmosphere had brightened at the outset of the sixth day of tough bargaining in Geneva. A British source said an overnight pause for reflection had "opened up new areas for maneuvering" by negotiators in Geneva. British Foreign Secretary James Callaghan met first this morning with Greek Foreign Minister George Mavros and a! half hour later with Turkish! Foreign Minister Turan Gunes. Then the three ministers got together at Callaghan's office in Geneva's Palace of Nations. Their military , advisers were summoned to join them later this afternoon, indicating the negotiations were going from the stage of generalizations to the specific technical questions involved in a disengagement of Greek Cypriot and Turkish forces on Cyprus. Lottery Tickets Go on Sale At 7,500 Places Springfield (AP) Someone somewhere in Illinois today may buy a 50-cent ticket to a million dollar fortune. Thousands from all over the state will spend half a dollar to become part of a vast collection of losers, for the odds of becoming an instant millionaire are 30 million-to-1. Still, lottery officials are confident thousands will rush out today to buy the first available tickets for the new Illinois State Lottery. Tickets are available at some 7,500 outlets throughout the state, including bars, supermarkets, cafes and many other retail establishments. The first winning numbers will be drawn Aug. 8. They are" gambling on the public's gambling instinct to put some $60 million into the state's treasury in the coming year. "It's all part of that great dream, that dream everyone has of suddenly having a lot of dough," says Carlton Zucker, the chairman of the Lottery Control Board. Illinois is the 11th state seeking to cash in on the increasingly popular lottery business. Pleasant Decatur and vicinity: Fair and cool tonight with lows in the mid to upper 50s. Wednesday, mostly sunny with highs in the low 80s. INDEX Television 5 Movies, Amusements 12 Comics 12 Editorials 4 Puzzle y. 5 Obituaries 14 Women's News 9, 10 Ann Landers 9 Dr. Thosteson 8 Sports . 6,7 Markets, Weather 12 Jeane Dixon . ; 8 Recreation Schedule . .. . 3 Neil Hartigan - to move possible blame from itself for not discovering irregularities sooner. In allowing Hartigan a separate hearing, Perry said trying him with "others charged with fraud may rub off on the jury." He set Hartigan's trial for Sept. 23, prior to the other defendants' trial. Hartigan has maintained that he verbally resigned from Apollo's board five months prior to its closure. Cause Unknown Mama Cass Elliot i Saturday night. She was preparing to start a tour of . Britain. 2'' "This last week was thelliap-piest I have ever seen her," said her manager, Allan Carr. "She told me after she had received a standing ovation at the Palladium: 'I feel that I have given, the best of myself 23 times, but I have never felt better about anything I have ever done, professionally.' " Miss Elliot's '7-year-old daughter by singer James R. Hendricks, Vanessa, was reported with her grandmother in Baltimore, Md. Born Ellen Naomi Cohen in Baltimore, Md., she grew up in Virginia and Maryland and took the name Cassandra Elliot before going to New York at 19 to try for a stage career. Washington (AP) Rep. Robert N. McClory, R-111., isn't a wavemaker. But he's making waves now and it's making him uncomfortable. "He doesn't talk about it too much because he's a fairly quiet person," his wife Doris said in an interview Monday. "But he's suffering inwardly. For instance, he's restless sleeping." The cause of McCIory's dis: comfort is his reluctant role in the House Judiciary Committee's impeachment investigation. He was one of the leading supporters Monday of a second article of impeachment against President Nixon, charging him with abusing his constitutional powers. He also drafted a third, charging Nixon with contempt of Congress for resisting subpoenas. "I feel really torn," McClory said in an interview, "but I'm disassociating this job from my relationship with the President on philosophy and policies." The thing that made him decide the President should be impeached, McClory said, was "the 20 or so people around him committing perjury and obstruction of justice, which I don't think we can tolerate in the White House." He added: "I lay it on the President himself. He must see to the faithful execution of the laws. Beyond defending our national security, it's the - most vital element of his constitutional obligation."' But, McClory said, "I don't dislike the President now. ... If he gets vindicated, it's fine with me." During his 12 years in Con- Mama Cass' Death London (AP) Britain's top pathologist said after an autopsy today that further tests would be needed to determine how "Mama" Cass Elliot, the sweet-voiced, 238- pound pop singer, died. Prof. Keith Simpson gave no details of his examination, but said she did not appear to have died from natural causes. He did not elaborate. Police said an inquest will be held at Westminster coroner's court Wednesday. Simpson's statement came only hours after the singer's doctor, Anthony Greenburg, told newsmen: "I think the postmortem will probably show that she died as a result of choking on a sandwich while lying in bed and inhaling her own vomit. . '"She was a very big lady and I could not rule out the possibility of a heart attack." Dot MacLeod, the singer's secretary, said she found the 33-year-old star's body Monday afternoon slightly propped up in her double bed in the six-room apartment she was occupying during engagements in Britain. The television set was on, and a ham sandwich and a soft drink were beside her pillow, Miss MacLeod said. "She had been dead for a considerable time before -her body was found," Dr. Greenburg said. , The singer, who rose to fame in the 1960s as the leading Mama of The Mamas and the Papas, completed a two-week engagement at the Palladium

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