Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa on September 3, 1959 · Page 3
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Carrol Daily Times Herald from Carroll, Iowa · Page 3

Carroll, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, September 3, 1959
Page 3
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EDITORIAL- No Permanent Solution To National Problems Whenever Congress tackles big problems like housing, highways, schools, hospitals and the like, some people seem to get the idea there is only one path to a solution. Perhaps it is natural for the supporters of a particular bill to think they have the exclusive patent on a solution. But it's quite misleading. Fcoplc who think this way indicate either directly or indirectly that if you are not for their measure, then you are against solving the problem at all. This may'sound far-fetched but it is not. Many times we have heard it said that if a lawmaker or a party was not for, let's say, the brown-Smith-.Jones mental health bill, then lie or it was in favor of insanity. Somehow or other, in the heat generated during congression a 1 combat, we have to remember that there is more than one way to get at a problem. And very often more than one good way. The kind of invention that is involved in attacking problems like housing or welfare is by definition experiment. No one can have the foreknowledge that one particular invention will work and all others fail. Those who try to insist there is only "the right way" also manage, in the process, to suggest that if we will just pass their favorite Times Herald, Carroll, la. Thursday, Sept. 3, 1959 bills the big problems will be solved for good and all. They seem to like to give to these measures an air of important finality — as if we would adopt them, rub our hands and say: "Now, that's that. That takes care of the country's housing problem lor this century." It should not have to be said that in an age when America's population is leaping upward with almost frightening speed, all such problems as housing and schools will be with us continuously for many, many decades. The best jab at them any Congress can make will soon have to be followed by other jabs. Our attack on all these thorny difficulties would probably be a little saner if we all remembered that there never will be one great big permanent solution. Thoughts And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken'.' Put away thy wine from thee. — 1 Samuel 1:14. All the crimes on earth do not destroy so much of the human race, nor alienate so much property as drunkenness. — Lord Bacon. Starring Sleeves Printed Pattern Labor Bill Question Tests Senator of Massachusetts BY PETER EDSON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON - (NEAI -This is where young Senator John F. Kennedy (D-Mass.i tests his own "Profile in Courage" — to borrow a phrase from the title of his own best-selling book on congressmen who dared take an unpopular course. Senator Kennedy's test is on this year's labor legislation. The way he votes on it could conceivably make or break his presidential prospects for 1%0. One of Kennedy's biggest pitches this year and last has been to author a new labor law which would correct criminal abuses in union activities and at the same time be acceptable to labor leaders. The Kennedy-Ervin bill — cosponsored with the Senior Senator from North Carolina — was that kind of bill. Even the AFL-CIO approved it — at first. It passed the Senate last April. 90-to-l. Then the unpredictable House of Representatives upset the steam roller. A coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats passed the Landrum-Griffin bill which all union labor'leaders now oppose as a "killer bill." From Kennedy's point of view, the Landrum-Griffin bill might be considered the Kennedy-Ervin bill with half a dozen minor changes plus four major changes. The four important changes are: It .guts the employer-reporting provisions. It writes a new formula for handling labor cases in the "no man's land" between federal and state jurisdiction. It imposes new restrictions on secondary boycotts. It iipposes new restrictions on organizational pickets. The Teamsters and other big unions say these provisions would not affect their operations greatly. But new. smaller unions might be seriously hampered So Kennedy now finds himself in the unenviable position of being criticized by management and labor and the public on all labor legislation I'. S. Chamber of Commerce, National Association of Manufacturers, National Association of Home Builders, National Right to Work Commilte and other employer organizations are beating Senator Kennedy over the head. Their charge is that his '.Jill contains too many "sweeteners" to make it acceptable to organized labor. The argument is made that the Kennedy bill would re-establish the closed shop in the const ruction industry. It would permit specia check-offs in states having right- lo-work laws. It would permit economic strikers to \ole in representation elections It would gi\e special preferences Daily T^mes Herald Dallv Except Sundays nnd Holidays By The Herald Publishing Company 515 N. Main Street Carroll. Iowa to union charges of unfair labor practices. It would curtail employer free speech without limiting union rights. It was tough enough on Kennedy's political ambitions to have the AFL-CIO withdraw their support of the Kennedy-Ervin bill. But now I he is getting all of labor's abuse t in opposition to the Landrum-Griffin bill. J And from still another source, i rank-and-file voters all over the ! country. Senator Kennedy has re; ceived between 3.000 and 4.000 let- i tcrs and telegrams urging him to I vote for Landrum-Griffin bill, j Brother Bobby gets part of the I blame for that. It seems some I people confuse the Senator with 'his younger brother. Robert F. i Kennedy, who was chief counsel i for McClellan labor rackets committee. There is a possibility that Senate-House conferees—ot whom Senator Kennedy is one — will agree on a compromise which Congress and the President will accept. If the conferees can't agree, they will have to report back to the Senate and House for new instructions. That might start the fight all over again. So it will take guts for him to vote any way. It may be that all this ruckus will be forgotten a year from now and Senator Kennedy's presidential hopes won't be affected in the slightest. But that's just one more Dnubly tn-otty! The wide sleeves «>r this' Ray jumper flare out to show off ihi? pert purl of the blouse heneath. Sew-easy in cotton with evi'let, nrciinriv. or white broad- cinlh hliuise, Tomorrow's pattern: Girls' dress. Printed Pattern M16: Child's Sizes 2. -t. H. si, U). Size (> jumper 2-">» yards .'to-Inert: blouse 1 yard. Printed directions on cuch pattern pari. Easier, accurate. Send Thirty-five crntu (coins) lor this pattern—add 10 cents for each pattern for first-class mailing. Send to Marian Martin, Daily Times Herald 25 Pattern Dept.. 232 West 18th St.. New York 11, N.Y. Print plainly NAME. ADDRESS with ZONK. SIZE and STYLE NUMBER. Most of Push from Khrushchev- Ike Completely Dominates U.S. Foreign Policy By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analyst WASHINGTON <AP>—President Eisenhower now completely dominates American foreign policy and seems to be showing more initiative in that field than any tmc since taking office in 1953. Why? A determination to do all possible in his last 16 months in office to find peaceful solutions with the Soviet Union may be one reason. There are others. For one thing, Premier Nikita Khrushchev has pushed Eisenhower into his present activity by deliberately creating such a bad situation over West Berlin that a meeting with him came to look like the best hope for a way out. But historians will long wonder how Eisenhower would have acted in these past six years if Christian A. Herter had been secretary of stale all that time and John Foster Dulles never had been secretary. The self-effacing Herter, a mild and perhaps even shy man, has been almost entirely out of the public eye since taking office last spring. First, he was occupied many weeks at Geneva negotiating with the Soviets, unsuccessfully, over Berlin. He hastened back to go quickly to Latin America for conferences. Then he returned and Bible Comment- Bible Democracy reason for him to want to get it settled now. CORRECTION: In a previous column by Peter Edson on the {Landrum-Griffin labor bill, the | name of Congresswoman Kathryn i E. Granahan was listed among those who had received campaign | contributions from union labor or- I ganizations Mrs Granahan says she has never accepted any money from these sources, though she did \ vote against the Landrum-Griffin ' bill on both ballots, as stated. The :' writer regrets the error and is glad to make this correction. Remember Way Back When Chic, New Chicks j Nineteen Thirty-Four— I Miss Edith Hagaman of Glidden | arrived today for a week's visit at [the C. F. Hagaman home, I Nineteen Thirty-Four— I Miss Irene Irlbe-ck and Mrs. John Miller returned after a few : days' visit in Omaha. Nineteen Thirty-Four— \ Miss Geraldine Forrest became ; the bride of Orvie A. Siger of near > Ralston last evening at 6:30 o'clock at a ceremony performed by the Rev. Claude It. Cook at the Meth| odist church residence. \ Nineteen Thirty-Four— Mrs. S. D. Martin and Mrs. Don Smith entertained a few friends Friday afternoon at the Smith home in honor of Mrs. Frank N'ockels. Jr., who was celebrating her birthday. By WILLIAM E. GILROY. D.D. In the Bible, for those who will delve into its nature and meaning, is a pattern of democracy that seems to me, to stand out above all else in historic aspirations toward social organization and government. The ideal of democracy has its illustration in the history of Israel — an ideal not always achieved. That is the Old Testament aspect, and in the New Testament, Saint Paul states the principles of democracy, simply and clearly. Pau, of course, stated them for the small Christian community and for people with whom he had close contact. But they apply in the larger aspect of society which will never find a real democracy achieved until these principles arc recognized and established. The Pauline principles stress freedom and responsibility. In an ideal society, every man must bear his own burden. Paul insisted on this. For the shirkers in the newly founded churches, he laid down the stern warning that if a man did not work neither should he eat. But the shrewd-minded Apostle was well aware that there is no such thing as human equality. He knew that some are as weak as others are strong. So he laid down the principle that the strong must help the weak. | Paul's principles of democracy j were not necessarily a part of his I new-found Christian faith, but were a part of his Jewish heritage. I do not know how much of it was an ideal, or how much was actually achieved, but 1 doubt whether anywhere in history has there been such concern for the whole community, and to protect the individual. A man who had the misfortune to kill another accidentally could find refuge in the Cities ol Refuge. A debtor could not be reduced to slavery. In various ways the individual was protected, but at the same time the individual was strongly restricted by hy- genic and othci measures that protected the community against unsocial action. It made for strong tribal government, but the sad aspect of it was that it related only to Israel, it did not become world - wide and what elements ol it may be found iu Jewish survival in the modern State of Israel have had little effect upon the surrounding Arab world. But the point is that we might look to the Bible more and more for guidance in democracy as we face the probclms of today. For the chief problem of good government is the same as of old — achieving and protecting the welfare of all. set off for Europe with Eisenhower. Typically, ever since reaching Europe with the President last week, Herter has stayed in the background. There was no one to share the spotlight with Eisenhower. It wouldn't have been that way if Dulles were secretary. Just go back four years—to the weeks before and' after Eisenhower's 1955 summit conference at Geneva—and the records show how much Dulles was in the picture with the President. Except for the actual summit meeting itself, Dulles was the one who dominated the news, not Eisenhower. Before the summit meeting he even shared a TV appearance with the President, and did most of the talking. 11 seems safe to say that if Dulles, who died last May, were alive today Eisenhower would not be having the news all to himself. It might have been Dulles, not Eisenhower, who was now touring Allied capitals. A vacuum in American foreign policy began appearing early this year when Dulles, dying of cancer, faded behind hospital walls. There was no one left but Eisenhower to direct or dominate that policy. And Eisenhower did. He continued to do so as Dulles died and Herter was out of the country. The President relied far more on Dulles for guidance than he appears to do on Herter. Nevertheless, through the first half of this year there was not much initiative here in foreign policy for the simple reason that Khrushchev had seized it and kept it. First, Khrushchev created a crisis over West Berlin by threatening to force Allied troops out of the city if they didn't go willingly. Then the early months of the year were taken up with trying to get Khrushchev, who wanted a summit conference, to let foreign ministers discuss Berlin. He continued to keep the Allies jumpy with his belligerent state- 1 ments. When he finally agreed to a foreign ministers conference, it was almost certain to fail anyway because he wanted it to. He preferred a summit meeting. And when it did fail it was Khrushchev, so far as is publicly known, who first proposed, last July 7, an exchange of visits between him and Eisenhower. The President agreed. And all of Eisenhower's activities since then have been taken up with preparations for Khrushchev's visit here in mid-September. The President's conferences with allies in Europe now are a prelude to meeting Khrushchev. Air Attack Beginning of Poles 1 Ordeal (Last of a Scries) Rise in Interest Rates, Debts Expected to Continue By SAM DAWSON i AP Business News Analyst ! NEW YORK (AP)— September is starting out bigger if not better. Americans are making regular payments on a record instalment debt. The cost of living, at a record high at the last official tally, seems sure to have climbed even higher since. The federal debt has crossed the 290-billion-dollar mark for the first time in history and is expected to go five billion dollars higher before it stops. Businessmen are paying the • DR. JORDAN SAYS * By EDWIN P .JORDAN, M.D., Written for NEA ServIC* Common Measles Should Not Be Taken Too Lightly SO THEY SAY Then- are yoiiiR to be a lot of new laces in Congress after the i next election. A lot of these guys ! are not coming back. — AFL-CIO executive Al, telling what will happen if Congress passes tough labor reform law. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor Entered <is second-class matter at the post office nt Carroll. Iowa, under the act of March 3. 1870. Member of the Associated Press Tho Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use lor republication of all tho local news printed In this newspaper as weiJ as all AP dispatches. Official Paper ol County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .35 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, per year $12.00 Per Month $ 1.40 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zones 1 and 2, per year $15,00 Per Month » 1.75 All Other Mall In tho United States, pe» year $19.00 Per Month i 2.00 7459 Color riot! Hnnllt. Imlit lianuanl chiirHL 'tt'i's make a fine show on cloths, towels, curtains. Kmbruidt'i' ami applique a (-ay parade of roosters 'n' hens on renter of a dinette cloth. Pattern 71.">!l: four li x 10',-j Inch motifs', four in 1 x lb' inches. Send Thirty-five rents (coinsi for this pattern—add 5 cents lor each pattern for lst-cluss mulling. Send to Daily Times Heruld. 235 Household Arts Dept., Box 168 Old Chelsea Station, New tfuik, 11, N.V. Print plainly NAMK, AD- DJtESS, ZONE. i'ATTKKN NUMHKK. Our 1959 ALICE BROOKS Needle- cruft Catalogue has many lovely designs to order: crocheting, knitting, embroidery, quilts, dolls, weaving. A special Girt, in the catalog to Keep a child huppily occupied—a (Hitout doll and clothes to color. Send 25 cents toe your copy ot the book. The children arc poorly dressed by our standards or European standards Their clothes compare to ours of Hilt), 191!) . . . I've never seen a country so backward in fashion as Russia.—Children's clothing manufacturer Alfred Flug. The most interesting thing about measles which I have recently seen is a report indicating that the virus which causes that disease is similar in many respects to the virus causing distemper in dogs and cats. It appears that there is a chemical similarity between these viruses and some other com- j mon properties. But there has never been a proved case of measles acquired from an animal with dis- i temper, nor apparently of distemper being acquired from a person with measles. Interesting as this is. what I really want to talk about is the fact that while extremely common, measles in youngsters should not be taken too lightly. Measles can cause serious complications of the nervous system, of the breathing apparatus or of the eyes or ears. However, measles almost invariably produce a life long resistance and therefore it is probably just as well that most of us have them while we are young. The first symptoms of measles develop about two weeks after exposure to a patient who has been ill. Because during the first three or four days of the disease the symptoms resemble those of an ordinary cold with slight fever, many youngsters expose others without realizing it. Telling measles from something else is not always easy at first. During the time when there is a lot of measles in a community, youngsters who develop symptoms of a slight cold with fever should be kept at home and away from their playmates as a precaution for themselves and others The fever is slight at the beginning but goes up gradually A dry cough is likely to be present and this lends to become gradually worst. The rash which follows in a few clays usually comes first on the forehead and behind the ears. From here it spreads rapidly over the neck, trunk and down the limbs and is usually fully developed in two or three days. Fading of the rash starts in another two or three days. Bed rest until the acute stage of the disease is over should be enforced as many of the serious complications come from letting the patient out of bed too early. Plenty of fluids and easily digested foods should be given. The eyes are sensitive to light so that reading and eye strain should be avoided. Often it is well to have the shades in the sick room partially drawn. Tepid baths arc helpful in preventing itching and in soothing the skin; constipation is common and should be appropriately treated Those who are exposed to measles can be prevented from developing a severe attack by an injection of gamma globulin. Antibiotics may bo helpful in preventing or treating some of the common complications. Dale Fogerty Is Here from Boulder (Times Hprnld News Service) CARNARVON — Dale Fogerty of Boulder, Colo., arrived Thursday to spend a few days with his wife in the Jack Fogerty home here and with other relatives and friends. Mr. and Mrs. Merle Dumdei were surprised on their 10th wedding anniversary Friday night. The guests included Mr. and Mrs. Gene Boeckman, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Buelt, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Olerich and Mr. and Mrs. Roy Frcd- 1 richs. Mrs. Roland Thorpe, Mrs. Jack Fogerty and Mrs. Bilda Tiefenthaler attended a picnic dinner at the Ruby Coyne home near Lake View. Mr. and Mrs. Dale Fogerty of Boulder, Colo, were dinner guests Saturday in Mrs. Anna Janssen's home. Mr. and Mrs. Ferman Stent and family moved to Sac City during the. week. Mr. Stent is employed there. Mrs. Lulu Thorpe went to Omaha Friday to spend a few days with her daughter and family. Mrs. Roland Thorpe was a business caller in Sioux City Thursday. The Rev. and Mrs. Lee Feero and sons returned home Wednesday from their vacation. Mr. and Mrs. Darrel Borron and family and Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Thorpe of Storm Lake were visitors in the Roland Thorpe home here Wednesday night. We've never been sure whether these bathing suits were Bikinics of Peekinis. most for bank loans since the early 1930s. The U.S. Treasury is paying more to borrow money—to support the federal debt in the manner to which it's now accustomed—than any time since the banks were closed in 1933. And Americans are paying a larger tax total to federal, state and local governments than ever before—and are warned they'll pay still more. The rise in interest rates and the totals of various forms of debt is expected to continue. Bankers are now waiting for the Federal Reserve Board to drop the other shoe and raise the discount rate. This is what it costs member banks to borrow to swell the funds they can lend businessmen or in­ stalment, plan consumers. The rate is now 3'/i per cent and is expected to rise to 4 per cent. The U.S. Treasury is paying more than that now to borrow— which it must as the debt rises to new peaks. Bank loans to businessmen who are their best customers and have the best credit will now cost 5 per cent. If you aren't that gold plated you'll probably pay up to 6 per cent for a loan. Demand for such loans continues to rise—to finance the movement and processing of crops and to carry inventories for fall and Christmas trade. The increase in demand has been sharper in many cities than in New York. Charges tor consumer credit also are rising slowly. But that doesn't deter many persons. Total instalment debt ha climbed to 36V 2 billion dollars. In July alone Americans took on more than four billion dollars in new on-the-cuff obligations, the largest amount for any month on record. Non-in­ stalment debt has increased to nearly 11 billion. Home mortgages cost more now than a year ago. And as money tightens, finding someone to take the mortgage may get a little harder. It all adds up to a record gross national product. This is the dollar volume of all goods produced and services performed in the nation. Latest GNP figures of 483'/a billion a year are for the period before the steel strike. But if they should dip a bit now, they are expected to climb even higher when the strike is over. Fellows, If You Want That Girl, Follow These Rules Before'she decides that she can't live without a young man, a girl ought to figure out if it is going to be easy to live with him. He won't be easy to live with it- He is so jealous that he resents the lime she spends with other j girls, checks on her constantly, and I goes into a sulk if she seems evon | faintly interested in anyone else, j He is inconsiderate, often being' lute for dates or calling one off at the last minute, or refusing to take her to a dance because he doons't like to dance. He rates her parents low, telling her they are too strict and that she is silly to let them tell her where she can go, what time she should be in, and so on. He lacks ambition and is content to drift along, hoping for a "lucky break" some day. He doesn't get along with his i own parents and shows little re- j spect for their wishes or their I ideas.' He isn't honest in small mailers and is obviously proud ot being able to lie his way out of an unpleasant situation. He can't take criticism from anybody but is very good at dishing it out. He isn't as much in love with her as she is with him. He doesn't like her Inends. or seem to care about having good friends of his own. He deliberately trios to make her jealou.s. He shows little respect for older people. He is a practical joker who laughs like crazy when he puts someone else in an awkward or embarrassing siluation, A young man with only a few ol these strikes against him should prove easier to Live without than to live with in holy matrimony. (All Ulghts Keservea, NUA Service, inc.) Q — For whom is London's famed Bin Ben named'.' A — The clock hell that rings 10 natural over the Houses of Parliament is named Bi}> Ben in honor ot Sir Benjamin Hall. Commissioner of Works, whu put it there. Q — Where in Washington, I). C. is there an exhibit of all models ol water transportation'.' A — In a room full of boats and ship models in the Smithsonian Institute, everything that has ever borne man upon water is represented. (' — Is Bunker Hill Monument on Bunker Hill or Breed's Hill? A — Breed's Hill where the battle actually was fought. Q — When was slavery abolished in British colonies? A — In 1838. Marble Makes Comeback; Sales Increased Five-Fold MAKE fRiENOS Even in this day of casual dress, a woman should wear a circumspect dress, hat and gloves to a church service. NEW YORK 'AP) — Marble is making a comeback. Since the end ol World War II sales in this country have increased five-fold 1 Marble-top tables and other furniture have caught popular fancy — the old ones as collectors' items, and new applications for modern furniture. But its revival as a building material sparks even more interest. Architects stress that new applications a n d preparations ; make marble less costly than it j once seemed, After several years of almost total eclipse marble is on the way back in competition with other building materials in commercial construction. It also is being more widely used in residential building, where once it was all but banned, largely on grounds of cost. Along with availability of thin-, less costly forms of marble, one big talking point today is the low maintenance cost of the stone in an age when labor charges are a growing item. The Marble Institute of America says its 110 marble contractor and dealer members handle most major construction in this country and about 50 per cent of the residential use. It reports tonnage production of domestic quarries is up 20 per cent since 1954. But imports are gaining faster. About half of all marble used in the United States is imported, compared with 30 per cent in 1954. Most of the finishing' of imported marble is done here. There are 15 major producers in the United States and most of them also are importers. Fifteen years of experimenting have paid off in more efficient and economical ways of using the material. The industry can now cut marble slabs thin enough for the current style of thin walls. It can offer a metal-framed sandwich panel. This has a marble exterior finish, backed by a core of rigid insulation. The interior finish is Masonite or asbestos with a cement bond. These three-inch panels are said to look like three inches of solid marble, yet they weigh less than one-third that much and are highly resistant to noise and weather changes. A Vinch marble slab is available for interior partitions. Marble slabs are being used as lateral or horizontal fins on buildings. A market is growing for half-inch marble tiles for interior use, or for exterior us. Home builders arc told that marble floors are good conductors for radiant heating systems. White marble chips are touted for protection or for heat reflection on flat roofs or modern domes. Research is under way on how crushed marble can be used in highway construction or in various chemical processes By LLOYD LEHRBAS Written for The Associated Press At 5:20 on a misty and cloudy morning—Sept. 1, 1930—World War II started in our backyard in Warsaw. A screaming siren lifted Elmer Peterson — Associated Press bureau chief in Warsaw—and me out of our beds. Then a terrific explosion rocked our office-apartment, the tocsin that Hitler had triggered a war that would change the life of the whole world. The Nazi bombs were aimed at a bridge over the nearby Vistula, but landed on the race course less than a block away. Signs of War We were shocked, somewhat jittery, but not surprised. For two or three days, as Polish and German troops mobilized and moved closer to the frontier, all signs had pointed to war. Blackouts had been ordered in Warsaw the night before. Peterson and f began hammering out the first of a flow of stories as we got scraps of information from the War Office, the U. S. Embassy, and Polish newspaper friends. Days later we found many of our urgent messages still spiked in the cable and radio offices, and a basketful in a censor's office. In the first few days Warsaw had scattered air raids, and there was only sporadic anti-aircraft fire. We saw not more than four or five Polish planes take the air against the bombers, and only a half dozen attackers shot down. In Warsaw the Poles were brimming over with optimism. Their troops were "fighting like lions" and would soon invade Germany. They had guns that would make it impossible for any Nazi planes to fly over Warsaw. Never Came Back The Poles were fighting courageously at the front. A crack cavalry unit actually did invade Germany, but it never came back. No one in Poland seemed to know that the Poles, gallant and brave as they were, did not have planes to stand up to Hitler's forces. By comparison with the Nazis they were naked. Soon after that first bomb fell the Polish radio became the air alarm system. "Warsaw Concerto" was played over and over around the clock, interrupted only by major war news or air raid alarms. The terrible confusion caused by the alarms and attacks and the ever-growing number of persons who were leaving Warsaw for safer country areas made it extremely difficult to move about the barricaded streets, check on bomb damage, or get to see and talk to anyone who knew anything. Then from somewhat haphazard bombing, the Germans began to tighten up their raiding pattern and the Heinkel bombers swooped closer and closer. After one tour of bombed areas 1 went back to our second-floor office and began typing a story when 1 heard planes. More than 50 big German bombers roared over the Vistula River a block away and bombs began to rain down. Windows shattered, the floor shook, my typewriter began to dance. Grandstand Scat But 1 had a grandstand seat for the spectacle over the river, and I was fascinated by the diving, wheeling, screaming planes, the thundering of bombs, the sudden giant spurts of debris from hits and water spouts from misses. In the midst of the commotion the telephone rang—and I heard the welcome voice of Bob Parker at The Associated Press office in Budapest, Hungary. Since we could rarely get an outgoing call through, we had asked Budapest to telephone us every hour so we could get any news we had to New York. As the bombers made a turn for another run I gave Parker a quick fill-in. "Here they come again," I yelled. Pulling the phone to the end of the cord so he could hear the whines, screeches, and explosions, I gave him a running story as the Nazi bombers repeated their deadly antics. When the Poles learned late on Sunday that Great Britain and France had declared war on Germany they went wild with joy, assuming that it meant a quick, sure victory. By the hundreds they danced and yelled and sang down our street to the French Embassy until long past midnight. Almost as their cheers died away the Germans launched six spearhead attacks along Poland's borders, pushing toward Warsaw. The Poles did not know, nor dream, that Poland would be prostrate long before any help came and never would be the same aguin. SAILORS GO AIR FORCE OMAHA (AP) —A dozen members of the 1959 graduating class from the U.S. Naval Academy have found the quickest way to beeomo admirals is to join the Air Force. The 12, after graduation, wore commissioned second lieutenants in the Air Force and assigned to the Strategic Air Command Atlas Missile Squadron at Offutt Air Force Base here. Then Nebraska Gov. Ralph Brooks commissioned each an admiral in the Nebraska Navy. A Nebraska "admiral" is on a par with a Kentucky "colonel." , Sharpening your lawn mower j will enable you to cut the grass j^t a fast clip.

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