The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa on September 5, 1891 · Page 1
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The Postville Review from Postville, Iowa · Page 1

Postville, Iowa
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Saturday, September 5, 1891
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f he J mrtviUe glevuw. VTJBLI8M» IVHIT SATURDAY —BY— W. N. BURplOK. TBRMS: »1.60 Per Year, Striotly Advance 77it Bft Aivertiting JVecUum to reach Wi< /our north-tattern counties. Office Bomhireat Corner Lawltr anil Tllden fiu W. N. BURDICK , Editor and Proprietor. INDEPENDENCE OUR POLITICAL CREED; THE GOLDEN RULE OUR MORAL GUIDE. TERMS : |t .50, IF PAID IN ADVAT VOLUME XIX* POSTVILLE, IOWA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1891. NUMBER 25. •nl cant,not excm.jnM^I.^^Le- " bo A CF.NSUS bulletin lias boon issued showing tbe vnluation of the real and personal properly of the several states nnd tcrri- torin. The assess-ed value of nil property has increnreu frfmi »16,902,993,543 in 1880 to t24 .249,&89,804 in 1890. on increase during the decade of 87,;M6,59G,2GI, an c lount equivalent to the true value of all property UH returned by the census in 1850 (87.135,780,228). Should it be found upon the completion of the inquiry in relation to the true value of nil properly in the United Stales, that the same relation exists in 1890 between assessed valuation tindthetruc vuluation as itcxistcd in 1880, the absolute wc.ilth of the United States, according to tho 11th census, may bo esti- nmted nt 8"2,210,000,000, or nearly 11 ,000 per ctpitn, as nguinBt $164 per capita in 18C0, $780 per capita in 1870 and 8870 per capita in 1880. If this rate keepB up much lunger every mother'* son of u« will have a competence. STHANUK KPITAl'IIS. Tho Atlanta Constitution has due up the following queer obituary in n Georgia cemetery: Went upmuMnnly from tills spot, Aug. lbth. fcfT'Mul© was Bliot. The Minneapolis Journal adds that these Hingular epitaphs are continually coming to light. In a Hastings, Minn, cemetery occurs the following: A lint* cloim.-t.tlc ei'rvnnt the. Burniunoil I roup, Bin onu .ml tiny slio lit tho ilru with gasoline Tho Chicago Inter-Ocean learns that upon the headstone of n gravo in tho old fort cemetery at Winslow, Mo., ia inscribed this epitaph: "Here lies the body of Richard Thomas, en Englishman by birth, a whig of 70. By occupation u cooper, Like an old rum puncheon, marked mini bored, and uhooked, ho will be raised again aud finished by his Creator. II died September 28, 1814. America, my itdjpted country, my udvico to you is this: 'Take care of your liberty.' " At Sharon, Wis., ia the following word ing on a littlo tombatine in the rur.i cemetery there: A futliorV hopo, u mother's Joy, Hon pnettitl tiway and will us no moro imnoy. THE SWISS CONFKDKltATlON. l'iie COOth anniversary of the beginning of the SW'IRS conferation will be celebrated this hummer, not only in Switzerland but oy the various Swisa societies in this and othei countries. Tho day of tho forming of tl:e "everlasting league," from which modern Switzerland baa developed, wits August 1, 1281. These six centuries have been tho most wonderful in many respects of nil time, nnd to relate tho history ot this fragile yet slroog little nation, would bo to tell the story of all Europe Bince the middle ages. Amoricans, whoso interest in republican institutions ia naturally intense, may find tbo roundiiig-out of this long period of Swiss history an inspiration to study its course from tho beginnin g The United States can hardly bo compared with the confederation of Alpine cantons, ao different havo been the conditions of growth, yet between them there ia 6ome tbing in common of more than ordinary significance. Each in its own way bns been trying the great experiment of democracy. OUtl HAD MANNERS. In the September number of the North American Review Mr. O. F. Adams (lis cusses Our American Manners after the time honored and traditional fashion. In luH essay, tho cuspidor, tho pipe, the cigar, tbe quid and the toothpick do yoo.mui service, as they hnvo ever since tho days of Dickons, and his American Notes. The knife, as a couvoyor gf pie, comes in for the custouinry paragraph, and the finger bowl, as a trap for tho verdant, ia not overlooked. Mr. Adnms contenda that had as we may he, wo uro yet hotter bred than our European friends—English! German, French or what not. He gives ut much credit for progress already made, hut pleads for the ubator.iont of tho many vulgarisms which are still practiced on this side of tho water. Laud talking he abhors. So do all of us, but when he in sists that two persons in u street car, for example, must not talk so loudly as to be heard by others he goes too far. He should whale away at tho inviting tooth' pick, the loathsome uuspudor and the dis figuring quid, but he should not discour age conversation pi tel. o J in a tone high enough to be understood by the hearer without straining his auditory organs to dangerous extent. Ibi might better visit a mild arraignment on that person whose voice is so low us to be a constant annoyance. The cuspidor and toothpick aroi however, and Bhould for ever be, speoial subjects of reprobation, Their public use, though common, is vul gar, and the oftener Mr, Adams oalls at tention to the foot the greater will bo the bleBfling conferred on a people which should heartily welcome righteous criti oisui of its faults and profit by the lesson thus taught. JPA1.8U IMPWSONMENT, A Liverpool maid servant has just been awarded thirty-five pounds damages in a suit, for false imprisonment, brought against two policemen who took it into their heads to wrest her one dark night for tti« offense ot being on her way borne. The verdict has been received with distinct ^ markspleasure by her countrymen.,! It i«pity (bat*few aultepf this kind''ar£ jM^-j! ••^JSffi^i^^ 1 *^ wbetbjr,; \ ^tytmw v fewBgbt'tn a'successful ipn4' GREAT DEEDS. Oamp-MootinK Sermon at Ocean Grovo, N. J., by Dr. Talmage. The Mighty Works wlilcli Clirlatlnn* M »y Ylud ConntHiit Opport unity fur Doing —So I ,»rk of Mnterlul to Work Upon or With. The following discourse was delivered by Itcv. T. DeWittTalmagein the presence of au immense congregation in tho auditorium tit the Ocean drove (N. J.) camp-mooting. His text was: Tilt) poopln thai fin know tlli>lr God shall v strong nail Mo i--cptnlts.—Uuuld II., 82. Aiitiot-hu.s Ilpiphaiies, the old sinner, Clime dawn three limes witli his nvmy to desolate the iHraolltes, advancing one lime with one hundred and two trained olrpliiiiits.swinglng their trunks this way and thtit, nnd sixty-two thousand infantry and six thousand cavalry troops, ami they were driven buck, hen, the second time, he advanced ith seventy thousand armed men, and had been again defeated. Hut the third time he laid successful slego until the navy of Koine e.tmoin with tho Hash of their long bunks of oars and demanded that the siege he lifted. And Antiochus Epiphunes said he wanted time to consult with his friends about it, and Po- ptlius, one of the- Roman ambassadors, took a stalf aud made a circle on the ground around Antiochus Apiphanes, and eompuled him to decide before he came out of that circle, whereupon he lifted (he siege. Some of the Hebrews bad submitted to the invader, hut some, of them resisted vnlorously, as did Elenzei- when hu had swine 's flesh forced into his mouth, spit it out, Ithough he know he must dio for it, and did die for it; and others, as my text says, did exploits. An exploit 1 would define, to be a heroic act, a brave feat, a great achievement. "Well," you say, "I admire such things, but there is no chanco for me; mine Is a sort of humdrum life. If had an Antiochus Kpiphancs to fight, I also could do exploits." You aro right, so far as great wars aro con- corned. There will probably bo no opportunity to distinguish yourself in bat- tie. Tho most of the brigadier generals of this country would never have been heard of had it not heen for the war. Neither will you probably become a groat inventor. Nineteen hundred and ninety-nine out of every two thousand inventions found in the patent office at Washington never yielded their aU' thors enough money to pay for the expenses of securing the patent. So you will probably never be a Morse, or an Edition or a Humphrey Puvy or an Eli Whitney. There is not much probable lty that you will he tho ono out of the hundred who achieves extraordinary success in commercial or legal or medical or literary spheres. What then? Can you have no exploits? I am going to show you that there aro three opportunities open that aro grand, thrill ing, far-reaching, stupendous and overwhelming. Tliey nro before you now. In one, if not nil throo of them, you may do exploits. Tho three greatest things on earth to do are to save a man, or save a woman, or save a child. During the course of his life almost every man gets into au exigency, i» caught between two fires, is ground be* twoen two millstones, sits on the edge of some precipico, or in some other way comes near demolition. It may be a llnanclal or a moral or a domestic or a social or a political exigency. You sometimos see It in court rooms. A young man has got into bad company and ho has offended tho law, and he is arraigned. All blushing and confused, ho is in the presence of judge and ,1ury and lawyers. He can bo sent right on in tho wrong direction. Ho is feeling disgraced, and ho Is almost desperate. Let tho district attorney overhaul him as though ho were tin offender, let the ablest attorney's at tho bur refuse to say a word for him, because he can not afford a considerable fee; let tho judge give no opportunity for representing the mitigating circumstances, hurry up the' case, and hustle him up to Auburn or Sing Sing. If he live seventy years, for seventy years he will be a criminal, and each decade of his life will be blacker than its predeeossor. In the in' terregnums of prison life he can get no work, and he is glad to break a window-glass, or blow up a safe, or play the highwayman, so as to. get back within the walls where he can get something to eat and bide himself from the gaze of the world Why don't WB father come and help him? His father Is dead. Why don't his mother como and help him? She is dead. Where are all tho ameliorating and salutary influences of society? They do not touch him. Why did not some one long ago In tho case understand that there was an opportunity for the exploit which would be famous in Heaven a quadrillion years after the earth has become .souttored ashes In the last whirlwind? Why did not the district attorney take that young man Into bis private office and say: "My son, I nee that you are the victim of oircum' •tanoes. TIIIB IS your first crime. You are sorry, I will bring the person yon wronged into your presence, and you will apologize and make all the repars*- tion you oan, and I will give you an' other chance." Or that young man la presented In the court-room, and he has no friends present, and the judge says; 'Who is your counsel?" And he an' •wers: "I have none." And th* Judge says: "Who will ;' tak« this young man's case?" And there is • dead halt, and no one otters, and after awhile the judge turns to some attorney, who never had a good oase In •U his life, and never will, and whose advooaoy would be "enough to secure the condemnation of innocence Itself. And toe professional incompetent orawls up beside the prisoner, helplessness to rescue despair, 1 when there ought to be a, struggle among; aU the •M*«MW. t p^o«la> tQwhoshouW -jh*v« ttw Jionpv'pf 'teylPiVV 'Wf **** unfoplwajlij,' «fj6|ir, jftuohVwoJuld such tnc neat plunging into trie cold, ana usual clothing which is a compromise between Milliliter and winter, is not required. It makes a difference in the salo of millions and millions of dollars of goods, and soma over-sanguine young merchant is caught with a vast amount of unsalable goods that will never be salable again, except at prices ruinously reduced. Tho young merchant with n somewhat limited capital is in a predicament. What shall tho old merchants do as they see the young man in this awful crisis? Hub their hands and laugh and say: "Good for him. Ho might have known better. When he hns been in business as long as we have, he will not load his shelves in that way. Hn! ha! Ho will burst up be/ore long. lie had no business to open his store so near to ours anyhow." Sheriff's salel ltcd Hug in the window: How much is bid for these out-of- foshion spring overcoats and spring nts or fall clothing out of date? What do I hear in tho way of a bid?" "Four dollars." "Absiurdj I can not take that bid of four dollars a piece. Why, these coats when first put upon the mnrket were offered at fifteen dollars each, and now I am only offered four dollars. Is that all? Five dollars, do I hear? Going at thatl Qono at five dollars," and he takes the whole lot. Tho young merchant goes home that night and says to his wife: "Well, Mary, wo will havo to move out of this bouse and sell our piano. That old merchant that has had an evil eye on me ever since I started has boiightout all that clothing, and bo will have it rejuvenated, and next year put it on tho market as now, while wc will do well if we keep out of the poor house." Tho young man, broken-spirited, goes to hard drinking. Tho young wife with her baby goes to hor father's hous.e, and not only Is his store wiped out, but his home, his morals, and his prospects for two worlds—this and tho noxL Aud devils make a banquet of fire and fill their cups of gall, and drink deep to tho health of the old merchant who swul lowed up the young merchant who got stuck on spring goods and wont down. That is ono way, and some of you have tried it. But there is another way. That young merchant who found that ho had miscalculated in laying in too many goods of one kinff, and been flung of tho unusual season, is standing behind the counter, feeling very blue, and biting his finger nails, or looking over the account books, which read darker and worso every timo he looks at them, and thinking how his young wife will havo to be put in a plainer house than she ever expected to live in, or go to thlrd-rato boarding house, whore they havo tough liver aud sour bread five mornings out of tho seven. An old merchant comes in and says: "Well, Joe, this has been a hard season for young merchants, and this prolonged cool weather has put many in the doldrums, and I havo boon thinking of you a good deal of late, for just after I started in business I once got into the same scrape. Now, If thore is anything I can do to help you out I will gladly do it. Better just put those goods out of Bight foi the present, and next season we will plan something about them. I will help you to some goods that you can sell for me on commission, and I will go down to ono of the wholesale houses and tell them that I know you and will back you up, and if you want a few dollars to bridge over the present, lean let you have them. Be as economical as you can, keep a stiff upper lip, and romem ber that you havo two friends, God and myself. Good morningl" Tho old merchant goes away and the young man goes behind his desk and tho tears roll down his cheeks. It Is tho first time he has cried. Disaster made him mad at everything, and mad at man and at God. But this kindness melts him, and the tears seem to relievo his brain, and his spirits rise from ten below to eighty in the shade, and he comes ont of the crisis. About three years after, this young merchant goos into tbe old merchant' store and says: "Well, ray old friend, was this morning thinking over what you did for me three years ago, You helped mo out of an awful crisis in my commercial history. I learned wisdom, prosperity has come and the pallor has gone out of my wife's cheeks, and the roses that were thero when courted her in her father's house have bloomed again, and my business is plendld, and I thought I ought to let you know what saved a man!" In short time after, the old merohant who had been a good while shaky In his limbs and who had poor spells, is called to leave the world, and one mornlug after he had road the twenty-third Psalm about "The Lord is my shepherd," he closes his eyes on this world and an angel who had beoh for many years appointed to watch the old man 'i dwelling, orles upward the news that the patriarch's spirit is about ascending. And the twelve angels who Keep the twelve gates of Heaven, unite in crying down to this approaching spirit of the old man; "Come in and welcome, for it has been told aU oyer these celestial lands that you saved a man. There sometimes oomes exigencies th the life of a woman. One morning few years ago I saw in the newspaper that there was a young woman in New York whose pocket-book containing $H7.88 had been stolen, and she had been left without a penny at the beginning of winter in a strange oity and no work. And although she waa stranger I did not' allow the 8 o'olook mail to leave the lamp post on iowe corner without oarrylng the 887,83, and tho case was proved genuine. Now have road all Shakspeare's tragedies, and all Viotor Hugo's tragedies, and all Alexander Smith's tragedies, but never - read a tragedy more thrilling than that case, and similar oases by the hundreds and thousands in all our large cities. Young women with­ outmoney and without-home and with' opt work iu "the groat maelstroms,of, metropolitan.lite. 'When such * ease day in the Methodist Book Concern Now York, where a young woman applied for work, and tho gentleman, in tone nn« manner, said In substance: "My daughter, we employ women here, but I do not know of any vacant place In our department You hod better inquire at such-and-such a place, and I hope you will bo successful in getting something to do. Here Is my name, and tell them 1 sent you." The embarrassed and humiliated woman scorned to give way to Christian confidence. She started out with a hopeful look thut I think I must have won for her a place in which to earn her bread. I rather think that considorato and Christian gentleman saved a woman. Now York and Brooklyn ground up Inst year about thirty thousand young women, and would like to grind up about as many this year. Out of all that long procession of women who march on with no hopo for thfc» world or the next, battered and bruised and scoffed at, and flung off the precipice, not one but might have been saved for homo and God and Heaven. Hut good men and good women are not in that kind of business. Alas for that poor thing! nothing but the thread of that sewing- girl's needle held her, and tho thread broke. There Is another exploit you con do, and that is to save a child. A child does not seem to amount to much. It is nearly a year old before it can walk nt all. For the first year and a half it can not speak u word. For tho first teu years it would starve if it had to earn Its own food. For the first fifteen yoars its opinion on any subject is absolutely valueless. And then there are so many of them. My, what lots of children! And some people have contempt for children. They are good for nothing but to wear out the carpets and break things and keep you uwako nights crying. Well, your estimate of a child ia qulto difforent from that motlier'B estimate who lost her child this summer. They took it to tho salt uirof tho seashoro ond to the tonic air of the mountains, but no help came, and tho hriof paragraph of its life is ended. Suppose llfo could bo restored by purchase, how much would that bereaved mother give ? She would take all the jewels from her fingers and neok and bureau and put them down. And if told that that was not enough, she would take her house and make ovei tho deed for it, and if that were nol enough she would call in all her investments, and put down all her mortgages and bonds, and if told that wer< not enough sho would say: "I havt mado over all my property, nnd if can have that child buck I will novt pledge that I will toil with mj own hands and cany with my own shoulders in any kind of hard work, and live in a cellar and die In a garret Only give mo back that lost darling! I am glad that there are those whe know something of tho value of child. Its possibilities aro tremendous. What will those hands yet do? When will those feet yet walk? Toward what destiny will that never-dying soul I betake itself? Shall those lips be the throne of blasphemy or benediction' Como, chronologists, and calculate the decades on ducudos, the centuries on centuries, of its lifetime. Oh, to save a child! Ami not right in putting that among the great exploits? But what aro you going to do with those children who are worse off than if their father and mother had died tho day they wore born? Thorearo tons ol thousands of such. Their parentage is against thorn. Their name is against them. The structure of their skulls against them. Their nerves and muscles contaminated by the inebriety or dissoluteness of their parents; they are practically at their birth laid out on a plank in tho middle of the Atlantio ocean, in an equinoctial gale, and told to make for shore. What to do with them Is the question often asked. There is another question quite as pertinent, and that is, what are they going to do with us? They will, ten or eleven yearB from now, have as many votes as the same number of well -born children, and they will hand this land over to anarohy and political damnation just as sure as we neglect them. Supposo we each one of us save a boy or save a girl. You can do it Will you? I will. ItOllllINO POSTOIfJflCES THE LATEST NEWS. GENERAL NOTES. of SUTT . Porter estimates the wealth the United State ut $02,210,000,000. CHICAGO batik clearing for the present week aggregated ^0,057,203. A I'IIII.ADKI.I'IIIA woman is dying from a bite inflicted by an ordinary spider. Bxi'KRTS and scientists come to the conclusion that the holy coat was made in the time of Christ. A LOI.D rain in Indiana killed off the army of grasshoppers which .had invaded the state THE amount of 4% per cent, bonds continued at 2 per cent to date is 820,803,650. SAMUKL DUUOI.ABS , ex-mayor of Mon- riiouth, 111., and u Mexican war veteran, is dead. THE state auditor furnishes some interesting figuros on the cropa of Minnesota, showing a large increase in acreago and yield. HON. GEOHOE SNKKH , an ex mayor of Des Moines, Iowa, dropped dead of heart disease Tuesday. Ho was C7 years of age. IT is estimated bj tho special agent of the government who hns just returned from Alaska that the poachers haves se cured 40,000 Beala this year. ASSISTANT SECUETAUT NETTLETON has been called to Oberlin, Ohio, by tho serious illness of a near relativu. KOHBKT D. HAY , late chief justico of th>i supreme court of Missouri, is dead, lie waa born iu Kentucky in 1817. LEO LOWENSTEIN , thirteon years old, has been sent to an aaylumn in New York from tho use of cigarettes. Ex UNITED STATES SENATOU S. C. POMERV , of Kansas, died in Whiteus- ville, M/isa., Thursday morning, aged 70 years. Two MEN , each named A. II. Whitney, but neither relative.-) nor acquaintances, died at the same hotel in Detroit, Mich., Wednesday morning. THE body found in St. Paul Friday, proves to bo that of George J. Oaborn.tbc Minneapolis elevator agent who disappeared u week ago. FHANCIS M. CiiimciiMAN, of the banking linn of Fletcher & Churchman, of In diiinnpolis, and ono of the wealthiest men in Indiana, ia dead, aged filty-nino years. DutECTons of the Hebrew benevolent society and the Hebrew hospital and asy luni association, at Baltimore, have raised 8250,000 for tho protection of Jewish refugees from Russia. A l 'AUTY of fifteen men havo commenced to dip up the ground in the vicinity of Halifax, N. S., in the hope of locating some of dipt. Kidd'a mythical treasure. A BED of coal six feet thick was struck on the fiu-in of L. M. McCombers in Douglas countj, ill., Friday, at a depth of 225 feet. It will at once developed, tho nearest coal mine being forty miles away. DIVEKB have discoverde and old wreck in Newport harbor which is believed to be thut of one of the seven vesbcls aunk by the Uritiah in Newport harbor Aug. 8, 1778, at the time Comet do Estaing force! his way with part of hia fleet and anchored betweou Great Island and Cunonicut. North Carolina railroad jumped a trestle Thursday morning, and went io the bottom of a deep ravine. Thirty-six dead bodies havo already been recovered from the wreck. Miss BKUTHA THAVIS , twenty years old, was riding with Sclma Stewart at Tecutu- seh, Mich., Wednesday evening *hcn their horse took fright at a band nnd run away. Mi»s Travis was thrown out and instantly killed. Stewart was slightly injured. CRIME. Oi .E soldiers are being swindled by claim sharks in Washington. J. V. FAHH was futuily shot by C. A. Scliullz ut Donngan, Kas., Friday. A PULLMAN porter of Chicago is charged with robbing a North Dakota man of sev- oral hundred dollars. .IOIIN HANHAUAN , a New York messenger boy, was sent out by a merchant to inuke some collections. Ho pocketed 8800 and has not been seen since. Two Duluth .letter enrriers confess that ex-Deputy Postmaster Henry instructed them to steul overduo postago, A s n OUT AO K of 815,000 has been discovered in the accounts of Georgo J. Osbom, who cuieidod at St. Paul recently. FnwAiw Ai.nEiiTSON, secretary and teller of tho Fidelity trust company bank at Tiicoinn, has lied with 89,000 of the bank funds. • R. W. CLAIIKE , confidentian bookkeeper for the Singer sewing machine company in Cinncinati, 0., is missing with a largi sum, variously estimated it at 82,000 to 85.000. MA.I. WILLIAM T. TILLMAN , cashier of tho Falls City bunk, Minn., nnd until this month ono of the sinking fund commis sioners, has gono to Detroit, it ia believed to bo ready in escape to Canada. There is a sliortugo of 837,000 in Tillman' H account<. WILL IEWIR , colored, age oi<{hteen years, was taken from tlie calaboose at Tulltiliouia, Tenn., Tuesday, by masked men and hanged to a tree. Lewis was drunken rowdy, but bad been guilty of no gravo crime so far a known. ONE hundrod employes of a Harrisburg, Pa., electric line are iu jail. They at tempted to make coiine-jlion botweon two pieces of (ruck without the consent of the council. IN a street light Thursday, with Milton Kennell and his four aons, A. .1. Montgomery and two brothers named Jarvis were killed. Tho Kennella are desperadoes. Tbe wildest excitement prevails. KITTIE WOOIJ went walking with Gorge Wilkinson at Flint, Mich., bust Wednesday evening and baa not since been aeon. Wilkinson has been arrested. Two negroea attempted to wreck nn llli nois Central traiu near Holly Springs, Tenn., Monday. They are under arrest DANIEL AI'VEALTHY , a farmer living in Logan county, Illinois, was shot by u thicken thief Monday night. AN Italian laborar -who was detected robbing the body of ono of tho victims of Saturday's disaster in New York was on Tuesday sentenced to six months in prison. HAT AND TOHTOIS15 IN HATTLK. FOREIGN. Leeds Makes thr Slxtll in Northweat Iowa. Souix CITY , Sept. 2.—The postoffice at Leeds, a Burburb or Lioux City, was entered last night and the safe blown open and 8204 of Blnmpa nnd 826 in money secured. The work was done in flue style, giving evidonce of experienced hands at the business. As this is the sixth postoitice robbed during tho past month in Northwest Iowa, it looks as if it was tbe work of an organized band. The towns visited are Linn, Grove, Re<naen, Kingeley, Dalton, Moville, and Mapleton, ana in each case secluded in getting tram 8100 to 8500. ________ YARMOUTH JJUHNJCD OUT. Little Iowa Villus* Aimait Aunt. All bills p.iy«b| t - quarterly. RESCUED FROM MOBS. Chinese Officials Who Came to the Defense of the Missionaries are Justly Praised. Villians Who Fabricate Storie? to Create Trouble avo Found Ncarl j Everywhere. Women and Children Transferred to Sluiiig'liiii During- Riots Forniciiteii by Malcontents. FHANCE nnd Germany are preparing for another war. IN London Mr. Walta, a wife-murderer, was bunged Tuesday morning. IT is reported that the Russian government is about to place a partial embargo on the export of oats. SEVEUE storms are reported on tho Spanish coast. A number of vessels have been wrecked, and great damage has boon done. PKESIUKNT SACASO , of Nicaragua, iu preventing a revolution sent two ex-presi- donta and other prominent citizona into exile. THE Norwegian collier Froy has been burnetl to tbe water's edge and eight of her crew drowned. A YOUTn named Hallet, convicted of fovoral atrocious murders, was beheaded at Daval, near Lille, Friday morning. THE Turkish commander of Arabia lias quelled a rebellion of native chiefs. Tho reports add that fourteen camels were Indon with the handa of the conquered robots. A liuwucANE occurred in Senegal, .in which an Italian steamer and two cuttera were wrecked at Ranflrque and eighteen persona drowned. THE dispute between the foreign representatives and tho Chinese government has taken a favorable turn, anu there is a prospect of an amicable settlement. THE Norwegian collier Froy, bound from an English port for Dronthoim, caught fire and burned to the waters edgo near Bergen. Eight of her crew were drowned. Seven wcro aaved. A TKitmnLE thundor storm swept over the Trieste district causing several fatal Sties. -Lightning struck a church at TuuliB, on the Italian frontier, wbilo the building was crowded with women. A fearful panic' followed. Three women were killed by lightnirg. Village Minted, BuHLiNuTON, towa, Sept. 2. — The village of Vnrmouth twelve miles north of here on' the : Burlington & Northern, was nearly wiped out by fire yesterday. The flames started in a general store and swept tbo entire busiuess portion including the pgstofflce. The IQBB is about 146,000. ,. S^PBAOffyP, AKP ItOUMBP. Highwaymen nylne Tfrair Voeatlon in DEB MOINES, Iowa, Sept. 2.<—Numerous burglaries and robberies ore reported from vorloua P^rta of tbe city. William Aiken of Anita t Iowa, was found about midnight last night among the willows along the river bank iu the lower part of town,. He had been, stripped pf.all bis outer clothW and robbed 6t all valuables after having been' Bundbaggort.*'He W»B nearly chilled to death. •> • ' • lf . Dm MOINES, Aug. 81.r-,News iwaa re< ' " " 1 ge-firftMPellfv «w'? ' - .b"»SW 8 destroyed. The lost ie estimated at nearly 880.000, - Dana* M «r *VliaB Ht»t«hww.a( Xriptftjii* I < >ri , XlKibU'l rJStyj -uV* nf 1 li<»'»»' tl tlumw redtyor. '«««,»>» The Novel mill Kxoltllig Combat Witnessed Hy ll I 'tlrty of Clerks, One of the clerks in a Pittaburg clothing store captured a land tortoise a few days ago and turned it loose in tho yard in the rear of the store. One afternoon the clerks were attracted to the yard by an unusual noise. On repairimr thither they were surprised to finflhat u big gray rat had attacked the lortoiso and that a battle royal was going on. In a few minutes quite a crowd hud gathered, but the combatanta were so deeply engaged that they paid not the alighest attention to the mon. Tho rat being much the quicker, would durt at the tortoise and bite at it, jump ing back each timo to avoid the vicious snap mado by tiie tortoise. Tho rat at last appeared to realize that the shell waa an emponetrable armor, and then turned its attention to the feet of the tortoise. Tho fore feot were too near the scaly mouth of its enemy, and endeavoring to bite them tho rat go', several Eav- age snaps. It then began to attack the tortoise in the roar, seizing its hind feci, and legs and then Bpr-ngingaway aa the tortoise reared up nnd endeavored to throw itself upon ita enemy. The tortoise soon learned that it warn't quiok enough to catch tho rut by head or noelc, but perceived that when the rat made a snap at in logs tho rear of tho rodent would be within easy roach. It now became a Q uestion whether tho rat would be able to isablo ono of tho tortoia's legs before the latter chewed oil tho rats tail, which bad already been severely bitten. They hud fought for half un hour; both were bleeding from wounds nnd both apparently more determined than over to conquer. At this point, unfortunately for tho apart and to the disgust of the oniook era, Eldridge Warthen'a rat terrier got into the yurd and mado a dart for tho rat which saw ita hereditary enemy barely in time to make ita escape through a hole in the fence. FIRES AND CASUALTIES. I'IBB at McDonald, Pa,* Friday destroy' ed over 11,000 barrels of oil. v PBAIRIB fires devastate many farms in South Dakota, impoverishing their owners. AN aeronaut was killed at Detroit, Mich. He fell a thoufeaud feet while performing on a trapeze. TniJITY-FIVE bodies are recoveded from he wrecked building in Now York. Tbe ota I number of misBing is eighty-eight, , CHARLESTON, Ark., was burned Monday night. The total IOSB is 850,000. The court house and records were destroyed. JOIIR ROWLAND, a wealthy bat manufacturer fell out one of hia factory windows, ut Yankeas N. Y., a distance of 100 eet and waa instantly killed. Am Erie excursion train ran into a wagon at Pftteraon, N.J,, Friday night, killing Peter Flonnagan and injuring John Malone, ' Ajvrara CONNOVEB, of Princeton, 111, aged 18, was struck by a train while crossing the-.0. B, * Q. tracks at Miles Saturday and instantly killed. V EIGHT men at work in the new water tunnel off PMrTlow, phioajjO, were badly ^^^;if!>JW,^P , ? 8ion Wednesday mltofcQmWm'. .... ,. "'-%»? I A SPIDER CRANK. He Devolnl a Lifetime to ColleethiK si>e«liiiontf at Spldera. 'One of the curious things of this life,' remarked an cx-congressmnu, "is the devotion of some men to un idea without ro gard to tlr! opinion of tho rest of the world and without hoie of reward, know of a man from my state who has do voted a lifetime to spiders. Ho died in tho Alps, where ho hua been for two yeara collecting xproimens of spiders. He sue riflced hia Ufa to spiders, lie has left collection of some twenty-eight thousand distinct varieties,. You hardly think there were many more spidera in existence This man has them stuck up in sections, in glasses fully labelled. "He began tooling with spiders when boy, He inula room that he would nllow no one to sweep or clean, and encouiaged the spiders to such an extent that I hey would come to bim and feed out of his hand. He discovered that by repeatedly destroying a web a spider searched asta^e where his power ot reproducing web is exhausted. When that Btnge wus reached the spider attacked another spider, killed him and.took bis ball of web from him Just like a human being, don't you see? Before this man died no embalmed his own knowledge of spiders in two volumes He was a spider crank." . TUa roH»re» of the Inquisition )pj)lptf i) by tbj ifHi ,fp!H<fVMi» bM* atomla- sbl«nratot ;DMln .Ul «slup *of cntonlo rbaomit- Hm and nsunlgia,''' Attack UMM dgoBlaias: com plaint* baton »h»jr reach lb* fbrowie «Ug» with lib* iVfvib blood 4jumr*B ^:Bv>t*U«r'« atopuwh JUtyeti, wbJ«B wW iwwealy f»P»l their vl»a» trotri tbt lit* stream, to prbVnutiMte to to oe'arag* (be growth "el ineipirat rit»wi»u>in l nbl«b,f»pl#j',U |b ^a«iU aT (B ,p»oalbf systeia W l»,tto wry *toVf* .9* *pm» «o palatal^ to< itsWtte'dMP ««tto apWtmil'toatMtof. - Be proAlpt, to«r«f4r«, to *4 Umi by tft* forelock, il< 9 )vi.:ltm»|»tt>Mi !tW MS* rhe?T>»tl(» M« dilJIi iu bnr, Wlfoui ismlUeat* The hiitory of Christian missionary work in China is full of persecutions and barbarities, which can only be compared to the sufferings of the early martyrs of the church. The reports of riots and threatened revolutions, together with the accompanying horrors, all involving the missionaries and converts in the empire at the present time, aro therefore no novelty to those familiar with the past. That they litive called forth imperial decree ordering tho governor fienorals and other functionaries to suppress the demonstrations againat the Christians serves to allay the fears of tho friends of the mis sionaries, but it rually affords but little protection for the individuals themselves so long as Chinoso conspirators aro encouraging revolutionary ideas in the central provinces. Many theories are advanced to account for ttie present demonstration against the missionaries hi the "Flowery Kingdom." Several diffi rent things have a bearing upon the matter, but unquestionably back of the entire trouble is tbo socialistic society of (hp Kolaghwei or "Elder Brothers," which was formed Bhortly uf- theTai-ping rebelliod in 1801. This society is composed of soldicra who have been retired. Until within a year or so apo these individuals were pensioners of the government. At that timo, in tho interest of economy, the government nbol iahed the p"nsion list, ami at onco discon tent followed- Tho "Brothers" incensed ut tlio government for its action and also ut the Tartar dynasty which at present occupies the throne, havo set about to retali ate. They are ugaiust economy, and hopo to accomplish their designa by involving their country in war with sumo foreign power, or obliging it to pay heavy indemnities to the countries, the property of whose citizens or aubjecta tb<>y damage or destroy. The famine in tho Yungtsu iCiang eoun try, the schemes to place a Chinese oni pcror on the throne, and several other objects and conditions of tin. people aggravate the difficulty and render the present demonstration particularly aerioua to the Christian missionaries and native Christian clergy and converts. Tho true reasons for tho agitation are, of course, withhold from the maaa of tho people who assist in tearing down tho missionary stations and in killing the inmates, Tho lower order of Chineso are particularly credulous, and it ia an easy matter for a few daring revolutionists to play upon their credulity. As is well known the missionary work at presont is confined al most solely to children. They uro educatod iu schools first, and are taught Christian molality and religion as they increase in knowledge. In China tho opinion prevails that tho yes and bruins of a child aro regarded by CbristiiinB aa a poworful remedial agent, in fact tho moat potent and valued mod icine known. In somo instances, as at Woo-Hoo in May last, tho report was circulated that the Catholic missionaries solicitude for the welfare of children waa but a subterfuge to gain their confidence and then to kill them for their eyes and brains. It is even said that the fomentors of tho trouble spirited away and even kill cd native children in order to give credence to the hideous lies. The looting of tho mission followed aa u natural consequence. Again, when tho mission waa demolish ed in Tang Yun Huen, in the.province of Kiang Su, tbe reuson assigned was that tho mission building pressed too heavily upon the veins of the great dragon, whom all Cliineao venerate. The weight of the masonry, it was said, waa retarding the flow ot blood in the dragon's veina—it wus strangling. This idea was carefully sproud among the populace, and when thoy became thoroughly arouadd thoy rimed the building to the ground and ro- liuvuu tho earth dragon of tbe pressure. It hua been noted that, while both Catholic and Protestant misaions have suffered alike, an the majority of coses the former have more frequently been the object of attack than the latter. This is accounted for partly becoauao tbe Catholics have many more missions and convert* than the Prolostant, and OIBO thai they aa a general rulo, own their property whil9 the latter ocoupy their S remises by louse. Tho earth is a thing ivided to tbe Chinese and the possession of any portion of it by "foreign devils,"" lis all Europeans tire termed, is rogarded by the ignorant class aa a profanation. This also has beon usod us a meaiiB of starting uprisings. Up to tho presont time there has bcon loss of life, so bar as can be loomed, but one instance. That wan at Wuauch, in tbe province of Hupek, whore Amorican missionary, Mr. Argent, and an Eiigliah customs official, Mr, Green, wero crushed to death by having stones of enormous weight heaped upon them. In addition to tbe riots at Woo-Hoo and Wusuch, there have been others at Tan Yang Huen,Yiang-cbow, Nanking, Son yiang, Soochow and numerous other Btution8, mostly confined to the central provinces of the empire. , The Rev. Dr. D. N. Lyon, who is in charge of the Presbyterian mission at Soo chow, which ia about thirty miles south of the Wusuch, has written to the officials of the board of foreign missions of that church describing briefly the outrage at his station. • He says: " When the wave of excitement reached Wusuch we began to feel somewhat apprehensive) though on 1 Monday, June 8, tbe day the Roman Catholic mission at Woo- Hoo was burned, I preached to a quiet, well behaved audience at my Chang-mgn chapel. "On Tuesday, June 0, by 10 o'clock in the morning, the. news of riot at Wuauoh reached Soochow, and tbe excitement waa, intense. A telegram from United States Consul Leonard, at Shanghai, warned us of danger and: suggested the•,removal of throwuTand already brickbats had been • "The W h some " prer wlndows- and after k arrival of the magistrate, troops, provenpf several companies ot fuXr P The%.thia riot, from going -a largo crowd &" 0 ™^Ztr*\ «?• rests were mode faired, ami 9CV ^ lmarI waa about sitting dovj>, soleru;e - « messenger came%ayin5 Chang-uien was being loaft y i mv dinner and walked to tV ,\,r__. chair stand and hired .« Bea^'^ 1 ^ to the Wu-yuen (district mag _ . Ju „ t before reaching tho olhco, aomi. Te Y y i ua( i fellow;s came running after n„ t \, n i r bouting, 'kill the foreign doviii j' ue chair coolios remonstrated, but only ^ tt curaing for their pains. "Reaching tbe Wu-yuen, I found thi», the magistrate, having henru of tho disturbances, had gone in person to do whut he could. So I nut in tuo reception room until he camo buck. He had arrested ono and beaien another, who refused to go omo when told to do so, and ha thought there would be no more trouble, ffe advised mo not to go to the chapel, aa it would only attract a crowd and make mat- rers worse. After taking the conventional sip of tea, 1 left, after requesting a couple of runners to follow me (or a short distance to rebuke any insolence that might be offered. "Upon inspecting the mission building found that a hole had been broken in the rear wall of tho chnpol grounds, and that many stones wore thrown on tbo roof, breaking some tiles. A few dollars will repair the damage done, ao we may congratulate ourselves in having escaped a serious outbreak, by tho good hand of God in raising up dofendors for ua in the vory timo when much neoded." In addition to the above, Dr. Lyon speaks of the intense excitement of tho six weeks previous and confirms tho itory re- fering to tho brutality that accompanied the niurdera at Wusuch. He spenks of both ictiui8 :in Englishmen, which has since been corrected by a special ditipatch which identifies tho alain missionary aa Mr. Argent, an American. Other letters havo been received at the variom missionary boards of the city, all of which confirm the report of outrago and that a wide-spread feeling of alarm for personal safety existed at the time of writing the letter in China. It ia to the credit of tho Chinese council of minislerh that the imperial decree waa Bailed BO shortly after the nows of tho outrages was brought, to the attention of tho oilicials. This was done on Juno 12, and the document contains specific instructions to the authorities to arrest the loaders of the riots and inflict capital punishmont upon them. Tho general impression that the Chinese government is hostile to tho Christuin missionaries is not shared by the officials of the various missionary societies. They say that the government of tho country has of recent years greatly aided them. Whatever opposition tho christians meet at tbe present timo is attributed to tho circumstances set forth in the decree, which Bays that "it ia evident that among the rioters there aro some powerful outlaws whose object is to secretly contrive and plan to fan discontent among tho peoplo by circulating fulso rumors and causing them to becoino agitated and excited, and then to avail themselves of the opiiortunity to rob and plunder, and peaceable and law, abiding persons aro enticed and led to join them, resulting in a ter- mendous uprising." And again:—"The doctrine of ChriRt- ianity has for UB purpose teaching of mon to bo good. Chinese converts are subjects to China, and are amenable to the ocal authorities. Peace and quiet should reign among the Chineso and missionaries. But thero aro recklepa follows who fabricate atoriea that havo no foundation in fact for tho purpoae of creating trouble. Villians of thiB class aro not few injuumber and arc to bo found everywhere." • Other than these causes the only difficulty that the missionaries encounter arises from local opposition to them in various outlying provinces or among tbe bill tribos of the interior, who are little elso than bandits, and rol and murder Europeans anil OhinoBO. Tho work of the missionaries in China is oradually gaining strength and impetus. Trovious to tho Nanking treaty in 842, which oponed up tho tivo porta of Canton, Anmy, Nmg t'o, Shanghai and Foo-Choo, tho work waa necessarily circumscribed, anil even tho Jesuit missions, which had been established in the early put of tho Bixtcenth century by tho'im­ mediate auccoseor of St. Francis Xav or, were in a languishing condition. Tho treaty uranted equal nrivilogea to all secti, but conflnod the work of Hie missionaries to tho seaports. After the Toi-ping rebellion in 1861, which resulted in the total destruction of four missions and tho extermination of ton thousand converts, treaties wero signed that granted greater protection to the missionaries iindgave them an enlarged field for work. Gradual!] the mission stations are pushing further and further into tho interior, and recently tho Inland Missionary society waa orgonizod for the purpose of confining their work to the inland provinces. Under ordinary circumstances it is only in such territory that persecutions are resorted to, and the hopo of the American boards of missions that these would Bhortly cease was high until tho recent trouble was announced. Missionary work in China is conducted upon an educational basis, but in addition there have been many important hospitals established, and these nave contributed largely to the relief of the inhabitants. In addition to the churches, missions, schools and hospitals, tho work of spreading the doctrines of Christ is carried on by itinor. ant clergymen, who in their wanderings are often subjected to most fearful bard- ships and great indignities, not infrequently paying for their zeal with their lives. ladies and children fo Shanghai, The e* oitement of calling boats and moving personal baggage attracted a crowd at the Methodist misson, and there were; indications that there were roughs among them ready to make trouble, . v "A letter has been sent by the wuiav teate by Dr. Parker, but no response had chair: trftte'u office about half-past seven o In addition to the Jesuit missionaries, who have the greatest number of established stations and have converted nearly five hundred thousand Chinese, there are reprerentid in the Empire thirty Protestant sooietios both denominational and non-sectarian. : The»e latter comprise both Europeans and Amerieims, anu have established, according to tbo last statistics, 1,701 stations and out stations; which are conducted by 537 ordained, clergymen and 18 lay brothers. Tho wives ot 853 of tho missionaries are assisted in the work by 208 women teachers. The native woikera comprise 247 ordained converts, 862 teach, era and 1,277 helper». ,, .. . These nooities nave 871 regular preaching places and 489 churches, Their Sunday schools ore attended by 10,377 pupils. They have 47 schools for higher education with 1,459 pupils and 700 common school attended by 23,823 pupils'. The "Total number • of' Protest-ant' communicauts is given,as40.850. , ( ,„„ Tl.o Market Wull. 1 ' «" 1 De Broker-~"Why is it that' the Itook fuarketTe so fearffillyHMli ?" De O'urbbtn'iUm^I'believawogtiOf the v«'yui MM™ i iyu» bwkoffld»l( M oHy. denUa elerke, who) i ^8took8 ,'aro looked

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