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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12,1963 . . . What we think about... Restricting...Sen. Dirksen...'EqualTime' No Exrusp for Delay A quick answer to Illinois' legislative rcdistricl- ing problem may be sitting in the state Supreme Court right now. Rep. Gale Williams of Murphysboro filed an • ppcal from a ruling upholding Governor Kerncr's vcoo of the legislature's version of the rcdistricting. The governor held the rcdistricting was unevenly done. ]f the districts had been divided evenly, the result would have been an extra one for t!;C immediate Chicago area. Unless we get the rcdistricting effective, we'll all be electing a full list of 177 members of the lower Mouse in November of 1964. The Supreme Court has declined to expedite the case by holding a hearing during its current term. Rqutinc disposition calls for hearing of argument on Nov. 12. We can hope the 10-mcmbcr commission appointed by trie governor to do the rcdistricting since his veto of the General Assembly's version Will proceed with its work as speedily as if the the matter were not also before the courts. If the Supreme Court decides the governor had the power to veto the legislature's bill, the commission will be sidetracked. In view of this the commission is to be commended for keeping at its job, trying to give us its own rcport'as quickly as possible. Rising Above Partisanship Once again Illinois Senator Uvcrett M. Dirkscn i* demonstrating his deep sense of responsibility for the welfare of his nation and the world. Following a conference with President Kennedy, br accepted the President's request to present before the Senate Mr. Kennedy's assurance there would be no relaxation of the nation's security measure if the nuclear test ban treaty becomes effective. This assurance has been given at hearings time and again by spokesmen for the administration, and the measures to be taken, such as continued preparation of rests for all new developments in nuclear weapons, also have been pinpointed. Yet there have been doubters, those who in effect accused Mr. Kennedy and our State Department of "selling out" to Russia. It was important that a leader of the Republicans enter the picture with his expression of faith in the President's aims. Into this situation Mr. Dirksen has agreed to throw himself and give his party the incentive to show its support. While Congress may rumble, delay, infight, and demonstrate a general unwillingness to get on with the job many times, it is such occasions as this that renew its dignity and its image in the public mind. Why Stop at the Top? Once again a resolution is on its way through Congress to .suspend the "equal time" requirement for political broadcasts as they apply to presidential and vice presidential candidates. The Senate Commerce Committee approved the resolution, to be effective during the 1964 political campaigns. The resolution already has passed the House, and it may be assumed it will pass the Senate. We sec little sense, and certainly a dubious bit of constitutionality in the Federal Communications Act provision requiring this equal time. It is only an incursion of government upon freedom of the channels of information which the public should have. Primarily it forces both radio and television stations to be extremely hesitant in their approach to the entire responsibility of making their media available for dissemination of campaign debate. It works a hardship on candidates in their efforts to use these media. Congress should eliminate permanently the "equal time" provision at all levels of political activity and leave the radio and television stations free to regulate these matters. Better Airmail Needed Say what you will about the passenger service available from an afrline landing at Civic Memorial Airport, the community might yet get airmail that is airmail. Currently our airmail service might as well be delivered via railroad on plenty of days. While virtually two-hour plane service is available between New York andn St. Louis, the airmail service between New York and here more often is two days. Perhaps, however, the Post Office Department would find ways oi stretching it to three if it were possible to route it to Chicago, then have to wait for a one-a-day flight from there to Civic Memorial. Better Protection for AH Everyone can benefit by the law recently signed into effect in Illinois by Governor Kerner which protects "Good Samaritan" physicians. We have long sympathized with doctors who must risk malpractice suits every time they stop along the highway or respond in a crowd to the call "Is there a doctor in the house?" They have been taking endless chances, and it is regrettable that Illinois has waited so long to protect them under these circumstances. The persons they help may well be malingerers, waiting for just such an opportunity. And then there is the case of the local who said he hadn't had occasion to treat a fracture in years. He presumably lays himself open to » fake suit that could cause him endless trouble and even damage to reputation evert if he won it in court This added protection for the medical man should make all of them more willing to assist in emerge* cith where their skill is needed. Cupid Wins This One Most of the nation will join in approving President Kennedy's elimination of married men from draft calls. , , Of course some families of married men already are in the service may feel dubious. But even many of these will be likely to be happy with those others who are excused. .. Unless he is needed, or desires to serve, wii think a married man has no business being called into service. .11 • L- If he enters service, then is married, that is hi» decision. But draft calls have been so indecisive as to timing that many young men have gotten married just waiting for their calls — then were inducted. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Out of Their Cloisters Will W The Wisp Since the march on Washington, the moderates have come out of hiding. This event will be long remembered in the history of the struggle of the oppressed peoples of America. It is useless to ignore it or oppose the inevitable. The radical haters of other peoples are beginning to look foolish and their voices begin to sound more and more like old sounds that have long since lost their meaning. The march on Washington may not accomplish in itself all it hoped for, but happily the gathering army of people who spiritually agree with the principle of justice is growing. It was all too noticeable to see the various dignitaries of the church come out of their "clois- ters" and high offices, finally, and become a part of this great procession. Although the stigma still marks those who stand for desegregation and they are promptly arrested like common thieves while the hoodlums who beat and abuse their fellow Americans come off scot: free, the status is certainly but surely changing. It will soon be fashionable to foster this cause. We will forget the sordidness of lynchings, intimidations and dis-enfranchise- ment, Little Rock, and Jackson, Miss, and remember them as mere incidents in the freeing of the slaves in a generation or two to come. This march on Washington was the greatest demonstration Amer- David Lawrence School Race Quotas Wrong WASHINGTON — President Kennedy at a recent news conference rightly deplored the agitation for "quotas" as a means of correcting the "imbalance" of negroes and whites in employment. The principle he then espoused now has been given support in the first court decision on the subject of "racial imbalance" in the public schools. The ruling came in New York City, where "demonstrations" have been going on protesting the "imbalance," even while parents of school children there have been complaining bitterly against having to send their youngsters many blocks away from their own neighborhood under a plan to correct the "imbalance" through artificial "quotas" of different races in the schools. The court decision — wh i c h prohibits assignment of students to schools upon the basis of racial percentages — is being appealed and will go to higher courts. But, since the recent ruling deals for the first time with the problem of "racial imbalance" and was issued not in the non-conformist South but in the supposedly conformist North, the words of Justice Edward G. Baker of the Supreme Court of New York for Kings County deserve more than the cursory attention they have received. For the same issue is bound to arise in other parts of the country to overcome what is called "de facto" segregation. The proceeding was brought by the parents of two white children to annul a ruling of the Board of Education of the City of New York which established this /one for a new junior high school in Brooklyn scheduled to oj>o-n this month. The board had rejected the zoning recommendation niade by Dr. Morris Blodnic'k, assistant superintendent of schools in charge of that school district, and approved by the local school board. Judge Baker's opinion said: "The board (of education) officials found that under the Blodnick proposal the racial and ethnic composition of the incoming class would be 52 per cent Negro, 34 per cent Puerto Rican and 14 per cent white; whereas, under the school zone finally approved and adopted, the percentage would be 35.2 per cent Negro, 33.6 per cent Puerto Rican and 31.2 per cent white. "That racial balance was a compelling factor for the rejection of the Blodnick proposal and for the approval by the board of the zone finally adopted is clear. . . . "It is important also to note that for every white child required to attend Junior High School No. 275, some child of another race or color will be denied admission. Thus Negro and Puerto Rican children are denied access to a new under-utilized school, because white children, who do not nood a new school, are required to attend. ..." <£i IflKl N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) Today 9 s Prayer With a humble spirit and a contrite 1 heart we receive of Thee, O Lord, our daily bread. Feed us also upon that bread of heaven, and as we all partake of that one food and that one fellowship, grant that we may become on in faith, one in love, one in service, and one in zeal through Josus Christ our Lord, Amen. —Scott Brenner, Philadelphia, Pa., editor, Today, Westminster Press. (iD 196!) by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ in Hie U. S. A.) ica has ever witnessed. Was the church leading and did Christ win a hearing in the hearts of church members who affirm the dignity of ALL men? I wish this wore so. The church is not leading. It is with a sore conscience joining. It is the new spirit within the heart of the Negro people, who have taken all they can and are now repudiating the broken promises of Christendom and are on the march like the Hebrews of old. The Negro is the initiator because he can no longer live on the sneer of tolerance. We who profess the Christian religion should ask ourselves what there is about the social and political system under which we live, that prevents us from seeing, feeling, and acting as Christians. Why are we joining this movement now instead of being instrumental in leading it? While our Negro brethren are striking off the last of their galling chains, let us take stock of what has happened to us. We have stood by and witnessed the struggle for human dignity, have observed their cry for fair play in every facet of our way of life, but felt all along that this had little to do with us. The sweet smells of conformity have so filled our nostrils that we cannot detect the stench of the evil in which we are drowning. NANCY COPLEY Godfrey, 111. t^^viwrr^&amiisezs"* tffTtTM^:«^*>V'tf£*^-^^^ %. „• - Allen-Scott Report U. S. Disaster In Viet Nam? Banana Split With a small apology in mind for the hate-Taylor set, I here admit that I have seen "Cleopatra." Like a banana split, it's loo much. A teevee-trained spectator will easily ' recognize, however, t h e philosophy underlying the production. From beginning to end, it's "get the camera off the cat, show the package." If this sells dog- food, it should sell Miss Taylor. Mr. Zanuck has lived so long inside a golden ball that he does not realize we no longer chew Yankee Girl. We do not even like to chew Yankee Girl in deference to a pretty girl's picture on every barn in Kentucky. Mr. Zanuck should have put some good dialogue and expert acting into the package along with Miss Taylor. Richard Button would be perfect as one of ithe Untouchables, but he is a Woefully awkward ami inadequate '.Antony. Rex Harrison ig so much better than anyone else'Mn the cast that it was a mistake to let him be Caesar, for his good does not live after his death at the half-way mark. For an hour or so after he is incinerated in the Roman Forum, the dead-end (actually) spectator looks forward to just one thing: THE END, with cymbals and trumpets. If the producers of this lavish insult to the drama got hack their 35 million, Nemesis is a fraud. CASS LEIGHTY, Brighton Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc. Victor Riesel 'New Frontier Labor Breaks NEW YORK — For the first time since John Kennedy took over the White House the re is an open break on the New Frontier's labor front over support of the President for re-election in '64. At least one influential labor leader has quietly been urging his colleagues to swing from the administration to the Republican party. Soon he will speak out openly — for in a few weeks he will confer with Gov. Nelson Rockefeller, the man he backs for the G.O.P. nomination. The unionist is Lee Minton a national vice president of the AFL-CIO, president of the Glass Bottle Blowers Assn. and one of the most respected of the "younger" group in labor's 29-man high council. For the moment, the 51-year- old Philadelphia)] is going it alone. But there are others — not many — but some, who are ready for a break with the Kennedy administration. If they do not split openly these others will "sit on their hands" during the campaign. Most of the latter are from the construction and building unions. Lee Minton is known to his fellow labor leaders as a chap who reasons out his moves before he makes them — and there are many motivations for his sur- prising open opposition to a president who has been closer to labor than any chief executive including Franklin Delano Roosevelt. As Minton sees it — and as he has been telling his people — the White House has interfered too frequently in labor-management negotiations. "I want to bring these negotiations," says Minton, "back from the political tables to the labor- management tables." He is opposed to what insiders call the "third man theme" namely the government moving in on negotiations either directly or through the frequent appointment of presidential labor-management bpards. Minton believes this becomes all too political and wants labor relations "taken out of the hands of the politicians." Also, he says quite frankly he is for a two-party system. And within the Republican party he is for Nelson Rockefeller over Senator Barry Goldwater because "the governor has taken positions closer to labor's point of view." Minton does not appear to have any personal animus toward the senator from Arizona — just policy differences on labor issues and conservatism. How will this be reflected in one of the first tough skirmishes for the Republican presidential nomination — the New Hampshire primary. Minton is ready to aid the drive to win the poll for Rockefeller. So are other labor men — including an important bloc in the New England state itself. This will be of considerable help to Rockefeller in the "Granite State," where Goldwater is considerably ahead. New Hampshire is not as rural as many folks think. It has a substantial labor vote. If Rockefeller is able to rally this labor vote he could cut into the Arizonan's lead. And there are Republican labor votes in such cites as Manchester, Nashua, Keene and Portsmouth. There are many small plants in and around Manchester. The big industrial community is Nashua, once a textile center. Keene has considerable "light industry." Portsmouth has the Navy yard with the usual complement of machinists, mechanics, electricians and other craft workers. There also are construction unions whose members work on the sate and federal projects and on the highways. And of course, the usual building crafts. «0 1963. Bell Syndicate, Inc.) WASHINGTON — Two powerful congressional Democrats have told President Kennedy that t h e U.S. is courting sure disaster in South Viet Nam if President Ngo Dinh Diem's government is ousted or greatly weakened by the withholding of U.S. aid. This grim warning from Speaker John McCormack, D-Mass., and Representative Edna Kelly, D-N.Y., a ranking member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, was made privately to the President to blunt an undercover State Department plan to oust the Diem regime by cutting U.S. funds. 'In separate private meetings, th two influential House legisla- ' tors cautioned the President to obtain more complete and accurate information on "the true situation in South Viet Nam" before making any aid cuts that would injure the Viet Namese military capacity or topple President Diem. Speaker McCormack and Representative Kelly, who successfully teamed up in 1955 to block a similar State Department effort to oust Diem, stressed that "inaccurate and erroneous information" on the South Viet Nam leader's internal dispute with the Buddhists was being circulated by the press and some State Department officials to the detriment of the present South Viet Nam goverment. The legislators urged the President to personally examine the evidence gathered by Diem's security authorities showing t h at the Communist Viet Congs, in waging their guerrilla war to take over the country, had infiltrated the Buddhist ranks and were responsible for triggering the bloody riots against the government. Bucking Diem Representative Kelly also flatly challenged the State Department's private estimate that the war against the Communist Viet Cong guerrillas cannot now b e won under the Diem regime -by reminding the President: "Almost no one bothers to point out that, faced with insurmountable obstacles, with his country torn apart and overrun by Communists, bandits, and warring sects, President Diem has not Allen Scott only managed to survive for nine years but has made considerable progress in bringing order, freedom, justice, and opportunity for a better life to most of his nation. "No one bothers to point out that without him, the one element of stability present in Vietnam could disappear, plunging Vietnam and all of Indochina into chais, completely undermining our position in that strategic part of the globe." Speaker McCormack and Mrs. Kelly both made it clear they would publicly oppose "selective aid cuts" to pressure Diem, warning that these State Department tactics could endanger the Administration's foreign aid program still pending in Congress. In reply, the President gave assurances to both legislators that their views would be carefully considered in the full-scale review of U.S.-Viet Nam policy now under way. The Man to Watch As was the case in 1955, the U.S. official master-minding the move to oust Diem is Paul M. Kattenburg, director of the State Department's "Working Group for Vietnam." A former World War II OSS official and naturalized citizen from Belgium, Kattenburg first tried to oust Diem in 1955 while he was in charge of the Department's office of Viet Nam Affairs, according to congressional sources that successfully opposed that effort. In July, Kattenburg popped up in his present key post after being shifted from the Foreign Service Language School. Since his return to Viet Nam policy making, Kattenburg has pushed for a lull-scale review of U.S. activities in South Viet Nam andn the ouster of Diem. (© 1963, The Hall Syndicate. Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press <a^^n> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then -—News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago ~ SKI'TKMBKK 12, 1938 Business men of downtown Alton wore hejnt; organized. On a committee providing leadership in effort were W. F. Bull. K. L. Goulding, C. A. llari- niann, J. W. Hubbart, Al Rauschcr. I. N. Kosenfeld, So] Sapot, Julius Schai'ffor, H. A. Wagstaff, and N. H. Witham. Alton Memorial Hospital Board officers re-elected were: the Her. C. L. Peterson, Lebanon, presided!; the Rev. F. M. iledger. lirst vice-president; Nelson Levis, second vice president; ('. A. Caldwell, treasurer; and (.'. ilcppiier. secretary. Directors re-elected included M. K. Newell. W. J. Luer, and Miss Bertha Ferguson, of Alton; George I. Kohrhough of Gudlivy; Joseph Nolan Jr. ol Kasl Alton; and Roger Holcoiuli Of Wood Rive.r. Miss Jane F. Graves was renamed general superintendent. Clarence Hasten, Carlinville area farmer, was killed by lightning while working on his (arm. Mrs. J. A. Giherson and Mrs. James H. Davis were elected to the Young Women's Christian Association board of directors. John W. Koch, 100, Alton's oldest resident, died at his residence, 503 George St. He was a partner in the Alton Stoneware Pipe Co. at East Alton, and president 35 of his 48 years in the company. Winners in the Community Health Council poster contest were Charlotte Duval, Elizabeth Miller, Marian Stuart, Sallii? Ann Hibberd, and Eululia Springman. Frank K. Graham, business manager of the Walerlowi-r Dads Softball team, former president, and ollicer, was honored at the annual team-awards meeting held at the Dad's Clubhouse. Louis I'mllage, piesident of the club, said players whose contrilm- lions had made the 1!)3S season the most successtul were Pierce Smith. Jim Gorhain. Frank Hagen, Dan Gorman Jr., Charles Gibson, and William Chaffer. Jerseyville voters approved an ordinance by 410 to fiO for a $50,000 sewer bond issue. The bond approval permitted application for $150,000 Works Projects Administration grants. Illinois had more one-room schools than any other state in the country. Illinois, with its 9,925 one-room schools was followed by Iowa with 9,115. More than half of the teachers in such schools received less than $600 annual salary. Lionel Schwann was appointed physical instructor at the Young Men's Christian Association, succeeding L. W. Cross, who became young men's secretary. 50 Years Ago SEPTEMBER 12, 1913 Alton grocers were informed by J. A- Mahalfey, an agent of the State Board of Pharmacy, that they could no longer handle many commonly used medicines, such as quinine pills. The prohibition, they were told, included all drugs and medicines listed in the United Statese Pharmacopea. These medicines now could be dispensed only by licensed druggists. The state agent said there were many things in the nature ol medicinal supplies the grocers still could sell, including some patent medicines. In other cases there were some fine distinctions. For example, grocers could still sell castor oil as a lubricant, providing it was not labeled for medicinal use. After inspecting the Alton jail the September term grand jury of City Court returned a report that "in interest of human decency the city should be compelled to replace it with a modern sanitary jail." With enrollment still increasing, School Supt. R. A. Haight found that an additional room must be opened at Horace Mann school as well as Irving. But Alton was not alone In a bulging enrollnwnt. District 99 in Milton area also found an additional room must he used. The enrollment bulges were in the first grade classes. First heavy, continuing rain In three months had broken the drouth in Alton area, and water was flowing again in streams that had been 1 dry for weeks. A water shortage on numberless farms was at last being relieved. At East Alton (lie rain was so heavy it frustrated a plan to use bloodhounds in an effort to trace a burglar who obtained (32 and a watch at the August Frey dwelling. Village Marshal F. ?• Wooley raised $32 from merchants to procure the dogs before it was found the project would be useless. Blown off course during the night storm, the Str. Clyde of Tennessee Packet Co. was grounded on a sandbar near Grafton. White Hussar Band was to give its last concert of the season in Seminary Square — if no more rain fell. The program included "Here Comes My Daddy Now."