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WONDERFUL CAREER. HOW MR. JAMES. J. HILL ROSE THROUGH VARIOUS GRADES. From Frci&M Ifnmllcr to He One of tlio Nation's Knitrontl Klne« nnd Twcnfi-five Time* a Millionaire tonic of His Chiiriietcristlcs. For nmii.v years In the Northwest they have regarded .lames ,1. IIII1 ns tin 1 omboiliuioiil o.' SIIOI-OSM nml n great railroad king. Men who have worked fur ,71m Hill say lie If :\ "holy terror." Ills objurgations (hi* father toad cm him out out for (i, Presbyterian mlnlnlor) nro m. ire pnifnsi; and horror Inspiring limn those. of i !»• most profane plr.it-! t.hnt over lived. He is tlrolo-is mid ho oxpeets- everyone else to bo so also. He is fioi.-m-.'ie.v Us. Of nml lie tolerates no 110:11- the Cnnndlfln bord'-r. For a lirnij he ran a line of steamers on Ihe lied ISU-or In r-onneetlon wit'i Hie i-nrt". and thus forced the pow< rfnl HmKon Hay 1'emi-Miiy to dlvldo,its irnde wlHi him. Something Hint no one el-'- ha- ever done unless II was the llrsl. .lolm .In'-ob Aslor. When lie bee.-inie mnnnger of Hie Si. Paul & I'ncltle Itnltfoiid he set out to It-Ml-n nnd did learn tho entire workings of Hie business. The strain wns heavy upon hi* health, but he made Ihe railroad pay from the start. Then he set nbout extending his own road In the grout Western ocean. Having reorganized the St. Paid & Pacific us the HI. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba, lie set out In the winter by himself, with three or four dog* ns Ills only 'companions, to explore Ihe route lo the Pnoltlc which be meant lo follow. Ills outfit included only lln 1 dogs, a small canoe, a sled, two or three boxes of «r.tiint»o. cntTee, hnrdtnok, enmp cook- Hbpshod business whatever. Ills mem ' Ing utensils and n rifle. He kept his or-'Is ail ombr.ielng and minute, m,d I bom-Ings by the snn nnd c,,mpnss by ho' abl,.,rs a mm, who cannot ro.-.dlecl. ! -lay and Ihe north slnr nnd compass by MAN'S INTRINSIC VALUATION. Ills I'hvsicnl Ptrjonsilily Rnn?.es (mm to Over JUUtt .-y a n. t< Tlie more 1:1 e.-n-li yeiir tie- 1 ccuir-io. |i hi-' bodj inniiey .-i iii;i:i eaii pv valuable u In-" body, pr'-sidi-m's body N woi time. (in Ilio ..tln-r ox' iT n tramp. :i crimlnnl. n i-mi prndti'-e ^n'n.-iblo. of him. The less l,|l),-0 Mic 1<--S The ralb-ojid tii a vast for •eme. the body :l hoi-jrm- noihinj'. The Jioor l.ibor iniaxine hlm-df III.- world nml hi til io anyon know thai, li the Iff won't have anyone around Iilin who is not personally to his liking, no mat- .IAMKO .1. Htl.I.. ofliolont (hi! niiiii tor liow eflii.-lent the mini mny lie. Komo f!reat Northern employes s.-iy lie would rather discharge a man Hum eat, and they have lo count, noses nl. tlio main office nud all along Hie line every day to see "who's nllve," James .f. 1.1111 began to work for himself when ho was 1,1 years old. He left ticliool lo go to work lu n country store In the little Ontario village of Hock- wood, nnd In the intervals of weighing out, groeerle* ho read Oiiesav, and dreamed thnt some day lie would lie a great soldier or n groat literary man. Now. at. the age of 00, ho finds that fate him made him a millionaire railroad mnn. His fleets of merchant steamers liavo blackened the skies over the great lakes will] their smoke, nnd his railroads have readied out: from the Inland sens to tin- Pacific. When ho wns 18 years old Mr. Hill night. As much of Ills route was through forrllory peopled by hostile Indians, lie often s'ept In the light nnd traveled In the darkness. Sometimes he Iny In for n few hours In :i cave dug by himself In the snow. He supplemented his packed provisions by what game he could shoot. When lie couldn't shout, anything he would melt snow In his eiimp kelllo. make coffee and get along ou eolToo, sausage and hardtack. Sometimes lie would walk, sometimes i ride on his sled hauled by the dogs and .sometimes navigate tlio streams with ills emioc. Hi- rode horseback over some .stretches, proenrlng saddle animals as best lie could. The open air mid exorcise of Hint memorable trip made a now man of him, nnd when It was Mulshed he had found a peerless route for hi* road. When Hill had his road roughly laid out lie sent civil engineers over the route, put 10,01)0 men grading nnd laying trade, nnd built the whole line with hardly n break nt a rate of not far from u mile a day. Such a tiling was never done W.-foro nnd never will be done, again. Hill In politics lias always been n Democrat and Is n great admirer of Cleveland. He Is said to be worth $1!5,000,000. 1'osldos his railroads he has a lino line of lake steamers. Ills stock farm contains '1,0(10 acres. Ho owns many sections of land In various State*. Ho is Interested iu several New York financial institutions. Ho lins done all he sot out to do nnd n good deal nnu;o, mid liis career is apparently not yet dosed, by n good many years. Mr. lllll controls 11,000 tulles of rail- r who i- prime I" very illllo use in body'of little bone ,vill lie surprised to is In Ilie po--scs«loll of M''i ' v f 1*1*111 \viiU'\i. i*y proper cNoroi.-'o of hh hands, lie drnw-i a yenrlv micros!. IUM- iiislmleo. lake tin- case of the or.linarv "farm InMid." He '« I' 1 """ 1 ; P |1 over Hie fulled Slate". *!'• L" « Swede In Hie Northwest, a native In Hie South and pn^lbl.v an Irishman or ,-i Herman In Hie KM si. He P 1 '"say. nn average wage amounting '" .yjiiu n year. How much do yon *up^ pin,, thai man's body is worth to him' .lust about C.iJfir,. For his *200 a. .vein- is to him in Ihe nature ol' mi luve-d- nienl. nt nn annual Interest rale of :\ per cent. Toll him lie's worth Si!.i:<i-"' and lie won't believe you. P.ul he'll go ou drn\s-ing his yearly Interest .iu-! Ilie same. Then there is Die enrponlor. He's a valuable bit of dust, this workman. Ho Is Ihe painter. So Is Ilio nuison. S,, |s every oilier skilled meduinio. Somo will earn more money Hum others, but a I me average will in- about but Tiave private hole.-; mid corners to sleep in. They lire fond of sleeping I,, ,],„ «io.-> ...f slrnw rick*, lint onch sparrow has i, s ,,wu little hollow •-imong Hi" sirnw*. |uM -^ ''noli Hock |nf .,!,,.pin- hi'ks makes iis own i "cnlii'-lo" iiii Ho- grtiuud. AUSK.VS IIROWN BKAftS. i They nrc Oood Ro.idm.iker> and Furnish Dangerous Sport for Hunters. i "Tho brown bear is the great road| maker of the Alnskn' peninsula." said Hiiuh Mnyii. n guide of many years' i experience in Hint region. "Not only : are Hie lunik* of Hie streams trodden | into good trails by the huge, lumbering i brutes, but tlio swampy plains nre J crossed In every direction by paths i leading to Ihe hills. The traveler will i do well to follow them in Journeying | norms Hie country, as they invariably : lead lo Ilie host fording plac.|i of : si reams and form I lie onsiost routes lo : the hills. The northern side of the : Konai pcnlnsuln, bordering the shores of f'tmk Inlet. Knodlnk Island nnd th-: ! Ala-kail peninsula as far west as Fni- ! nl; Island aro fnvorllo stamping j grounds of the Alnskn brown bear. lie ! Is a hime. shaggy animal, varying In i lent Hi from sis HI twelve- feet nnd • weighing from ROD lo I.IOO pounds. Tills hoar possesses ail the counmo nnd ' liorceness of his southern cousin, the j gvi/y.ly. mid lie lins been hunted so little us yet that he is absolutely fearless of man and is tin exceedingly dangerous adversary. "In dealing with the Alaska brown boar a hunter should never go aloii, 1 . A companion is almost us essential HH gnu. If possible, a man well no- BARBAROUS TORTURE. How o Chinese Mandarin PiinlnHcd Pome Thieves. One night, writes nn Oriental i ravel- pr, we halted nt n place c-nlled Hungny, a small town In the Yununn province of China; population nbout fi.OfJO; products, flea* am! other small deer. Wo were making n hurried escape from Hie wretched place when Lowe suddenly missed his camera, l-'lvo minutes before startliiK it wns strapped on Hie machine, but now It wns gone. A swift run wns made to the tun. Had tho landlord seen It? No, he had not; nnd besides he didn't want to bo disturbed, for he wns eating rice. Had anybody seen Ihe camera? Not n soul. There wns nothing for It but a visit to the mandarin at tlio. ynmon or court. lie wns a kindly young fellow of about our .^."iuo a year. The body of Hint oar- j a gun. 11 |.u»i"n-. *i mn penler, 'mason or painter Is worth j <|iialnicd with Hie peculiar habits of $1(I,KG6. Se.-ms o.uoer. doesn't it'.' A | n,| s animal should be engaged to net good, ninny of them would doubtless ,, s guide, liood boar dogs are of groat like to realize their enilre principal nl assistance, but they must lit: brought. I into tin' country by Ihe hunter, ns there j are very few d.igs there. There are no trees ns far west ns Portage Hay, and Ilio hunter must lie exceedingly careful how lie outers the heavy thicket* which cover tin- river bottoms, as the bears favor this kind of ground, and if aroused or wounded, will unhesitatingly iillnck. ••Heiug mi ex perl Usher. Ihe bear fre- salmmi season, all ' I'UXISIIIXO A THIKK. once. Look at Ilie $|."in-week youlig man. the. clerk in Hie lawyer's ulllce, tlio beau of the ribbon counter or the starling stenographer. He lias to count ills pennies to pay his board and keep himself looking neat, with nil occasional flyer nt Ihe theatre or on an excursion. Do you suppose he would lie so careful If lie know that lie wan worth $-.T,,OOOV well, hardly. Yet , ( (|m .. (])i that Is Just Hie sum his labor figures I '. . out as a .'! per cent. Inveslmcnl propo sil ion. Then, when he gets n raise and draws .$li."> In his envelope every S:!t- urd.-iy he may ascertain by mathematical reasoning that his body In worth !j!4''l,:!,'!.'S. Prcll.v good for a clerk, eh? lit' course, the professional men are worth big money. The civil engineer who draws a salary of !?l..S<iO a year may reckon that he is worth ViKUtiHl. The physician whoso practice bring* him In $y.fio'ii every twelve months IIIH n. principal of $sr,,;!;',:! to brag of. The pastor of one of onr city oluireUes. a minister whoso income mny be ¥-1,1100 n year. Is worth 9i:;:i,:i,'i:l. The lawyers, Ilie genllemen who get all tile fame, position and money, when they command an income of .$lo,0uo a venr aro worth on the whole $::.''..",,- ! Ilie rivers emptying n<VTl,WAY BTKAMSIHI' 1.INT1S rOJfTltOM.KIJ 11V JAJ1KS .1. IIII.I,. took ills Caesar nud what little money he had saved nnd started out to seek hl» fortune. He began in Now Kng- land and went wosi. until he arrived at St. Paul, (hen a town of 0,000 Inhabitants. There ho slopped ami there ho has remained and grown rich. Ho found not only fortune and power, but Jils wife In Si. Paul. .When lie got ills first, job there and was employed about: tho docks of tho line of Mississippi steamers known as the "Diamond ,l< ho saw mi Irish dmiisel of and bnllus whoso sweet ami d Line," beauty womanly qualities nt oriel him. lie si 111-believed that some day lie was to achieve fame, tlio dreams of martini glory or literary riyiowti haunt- Ing him, and never In liis direst poverty did ho cease his self-cduentlon. He got a fairly good Job as shipping clerk iinil at once in-ranged for Hie education of tho Irish damsel who had won hl« heart. When her education was complete he wns in a position to marry her, nnd he did, nnd-lho ending was like that of tho good old three-volume novel, "They lived happy over afterward." When the civil war broke out -Mr. lllll thought that the ilny had come when dreams lie had dreamed over Caesar's commentaries were about to become ronlltios, and he actively engaged In raising a company of cavalry. The White of .Minnesota, however, refused to accept, tlm services of tlio company, and once more .Mr. lllll relumed to commercial life. All tho time lie went forward, from freight handler to shipping clerk, from Shipping clerk to agent, and I lien as a partner in a freight ami transportation business, lie rose like tlm boys In the Ktory books until lie readied n place where ho was able lo carry out his plans for Ihe reorganization of the St. Paul & Pacific Hallroad. which steel highway now readies, from hike to ocean. At (he ago of 4ft lie became the president of what Is now known as tlio Oreat Northern Hallway. His success had been rapid when lie once got fairly Hinrted. Kven nt the ago of -'" he was iigont of tlio Northwestern Packet Company and known ns one of tho solli business men of St. Paul. Now lie is •JO-and a man cannot bo said (o bo old nt that age. Mr. Hill has n house In St, Paul wiilol cost him half a million to build. Tin house, the grounds, the greenhouses etc., and tho works of art which ilu house contains are said lo bo altngellici worth nearly two millions. Tlio paint Ingii alone In the house are valued u over $100,000. When Mr. lllll built his road with IW.OOO employes who receive i wages annually $.15,000,0(10. MRS. JEFFERSON DAVIS.. lie IB tfic Only lAnk llctwcen Her ICiiHlmiid uiul Hie I'reHcut. Mrs. Jefferson Davis, by the death of or daughter Winnie, Is left as Ilio last i.-al link connecting the- name of .lelTer- iin Davis with Hie present. Mrs. lavls Is In tho seventies and in rare ood health for so old a woman. She no MI: or J. •>• I" 1 - 1 imuni! In St. I'uul he fl»vo at the sam time 1000.000 to fount! a college fo lhe<xJuaUlou of Catholic priests. Abou flgllt uilloH out of St. Paul Sir. lllll ha » •WUHJer lu'i'ie which U complete li Ho cijulpmeutK, uuU wliero he spend wltU hhi family the hot wontlm. JJlll «u\v more eleiirly than any on jnust duvelop tmuuudouHly, and tha the w»y to win g» c u«t we«Uh wont mi was lo BO luto Iho lfuu»portiitlo Jle wasn't yet roiwJy to to «,„ ,-«,,v(«l)«Hf, hut l»o did Ihe nes Jwt tiling, Wo atarma tno famous Ilu of Rod Blv«r earl* between 8t Cloui 1 pi "' into the llohring Son and the North Pneille mid their tributaries as far ns tins lish go. After the salmon rim is over Hie animal i'e- IroaIs into the recess.-; of the hills, where berries nnd small gmne are plentiful. "The Alaska cranberry is an especially toothsome morsel lo tho brown bear, although'the berry Is not sweet, and the bear lias a parlicuiarly sweet loidh. Tho Alaska cranberry grows on marshes that are li.OOO aud oven 3.000 feet above the sea level. When ripe they are almost a. deep purple. They do not have seeds, like the New Jersey or Capo Cod cranberry, but hnve'n stone, tl;it like the seed of a pawpaw nnd so hard that only the best steel blade will make a murk ou it. .lolly made from these berries is haunt these elevated marshes when Hie berries are ripe, for then they an; sure of n prolitable unit easy bear har- vesl." -New York Snn. ,,.,.,. President .M.-Klnley is worth ihol ( ,f a rich claret color, and us trniispnr- comfortable sum of !?1,iiiiii,(i(i<i. | out as tlio most, flawless glass. The - I navor of it is delicious. Hoar hunters Dog Commits Suicide. A dog belonging lo Marcus Vnnder- pool of l.lslo, N. V., made n successful attempt at suicide recently. Assistant Chief of Police Aides of Ulng- hmnloil \vllh several residents were standing on the creek bridge when the dog, a large collie, ran down the bank aud into tho water. It was lirst thought he wns pln.vi.ng, and ns Ihe water Is not over four Inches deep at lhis place, no attention was paid lo him. He was seen to lie down on Ills side nnd thrust his nose under the water, where he held I). Finally his peculiar movemenlK attracted Ihe attention of Hie spectators, and they descended the bank lo find that tho animal had drowned himself. Tho dog lay .with bis bend under Ilio water that did not. cover his body. Before the spectators reached Ihe spot lie was seen lo raise Ills head and thrust it into Ihe water again. Tlm reason for his nd Is not known. He was in Ills usual cheerful spirits when last, seen nbout Iho farm, but all tlio spectators ngree it: was a deliberate suicide.—New York Snn. Hits. .IKKKKItSON DAVIS. s n Hue type of Iho old school Soul hern udy, nud, of course, her life Is wedded o Hie past'. For years Iho routine of lor llCe has remained unchanged. She ived In and for her daughter, the 'daughter of tho confederacy." 1'or a ong tlmo Mrs. Davis uud Winnie were •isltors during Iho summer at Niirra- gansi'lt Pier, whore they drew around hem a select company of Confederate •olom-ls-mid wealthy llu ' 11 from the. South wlm loved the associations sug- ;oslod by Iho widow and (lie daughter if thi! bite Confederate President. Mrs. Davis received every day, aud her cvcn- ngs, almost without exception, wore spent in her favorite game of hnckgnm- iion. For wit and taste Mrs. Davis has 'ew ecjuals, and although she suffers 'roin a slight lameness she hax never illuwod her physical weakness to Inter- 'ore with her good temper or her kindly llsposltlon. What tills high-bred old ndy will do without her loved and lov- ng daughter, who was her inseparable companion, is hard to tell. In her sorrow she lias Iho H.vnipahly of all her wide circle! of friends. Kloi'trle FUli. Some lutereslliif; facts havo recently boon compiled with reference lo llsh.cn which have the power of generating ileclrlc dUeluirgcs. Of tho fifty spe- :ics of llshes possessing organs capable of giving electric discharges, throe have n particular Interest. Those are tin- torpedo fish, which Is found In Hie Hay of Hlscay, and belongs lo (he skate family; Iho cleeli-le eel of the Orinoco-, ami the tliunderei- tlsli, found lu Hie Nile ami other African waters, Tlio dim-go Is developed by some chemical jiruccss occurring In the plate In which Hie electric nerve Illamenls end, and In somo luslmu-es the. discharge Is from the head to tho tail, while In tho ease of oilier lliilioH the roverso hi true. In a full-sl/,ed eleclrlc eel or gymuutua, the vollago U probably from 'MO to 800 volts, uud lu easily capable of stunning a man, Tho momentary currents are Humcleut to deflect a galvanometer or nmgnctlzu u needle, li Is lo bo noted that the generation and Intensity of the discharge are under tho control of the animal, which Is apparently In no way alVcctcd by tho action. Alao, there are no immliiting material*) In Iho llsh, nud the greatest economy Is «ho\vn In tho generation of Ihe electrical energy. Ijuoe MiilUiiK lu Irolduil. 'Over lli.OOO girls in Irelajul aro en- 1 thu lutiuufiictui'ti of luce, Wliy Mlllord Cried. Many and various are Ihe good things'which n grateful public has attributed to Hurne Tooko. Kvou among those whom Paly du Clam mid Itrunollero call "lln Hoom ID have left such a legion of footprints ou the sands of "bonhomie." Here Is Ihe latest discovered and exploited in the llrltl.ih press: "Lord Kldun, when attorney-general, was in Ihe habit of closing his speeches with some rei -ks Justifying Ids own charadcr. At the trial of Home Tooke, speaking of his own reputation, lie said: 'It Is the little Inheritance 1 have to leave my children, and, liy Heaven's help, I will leave II unimpaired.' Hero ho shed tears, and, to Ihe astonishment of those present, Milford, the Hoileltor-genornl, began lo woop. '.lust look ai Milford,' said a bystander to llorne Tnoko -'what on earth Is ho crying for'/' Tooke replied, 'lie Is crying to think what a small Inheritance Klden's children nre likely lo got," 1 -Detroll Free Tress. Caught a Monster Hen Hawk. A huge bird, which has been seen for a mouth or more hovering about Ihe mounlains south of Dnnbury, Conn., ntlradod Ilie attention of hum lug parlies. One afternoon Perry F. Sleadwell, u local shot, climbed Tom Miiiinlaln and discovered Iho bird's re (rout beneath a huge crag on the mountainside. The bird Itself was very lop of tin U Hail Jusf Happened. The oilier nlalit-or, rather, it was very early in Iho morning—Hie telephone in a certain newspaper oflice ran-: loud arid long. Most of the workers had gone homo for tho forty winks that newspaper people con- l rive to put in between times, but there was one man oil thu "dog watch" that, is, you know, ho was Hie one person detailed to stay around the olllcn nnd be ready for anything from n murder to a lire. At that hour of the dny—about, well, somewhere around '•'• a. m.-whoii the telephone In a newspaper olllce rings it generally moans n police story that is worth looking up, so tlio "dog watch" hastened to answer the summons. "Hello!" said a voice: "is it too laic to get something into to-morrow morning's paper?'' "Not if it's Important," wns the reply, "Oil. it Is," nssurlngly. The reporter rushed for n pad of paper nnd a pencil, screwed his eat- up to lln? ..telephone again nnd mild: ••All right; fire away there:" THOU the voice wns heard again. Intellectuals," few ] tremulous with emotion: "The engagement of Miss to Mr. is announced." ••Why under the blaukoly-blank- blaiik"' llhat wasn't exactly what was siild. bill, it will do, you kn.iWl "didn't you send In such sniff earlier In Hie day?" "Hut I couldn't," said Ihe voice, apologetically. "Von see, if just happened.- Milwaukee Sentinel, own age. Ho listened quietly while tlio loss was explained, aud when he understood there had been thieving, lie turned tho color of paper with rage. A troop of soldiery was dispatdiod to the inn with orders to arrest everybody. There is a Chinese proverb nbout the advisability of the dead keeping out of hell, nud the living out of yameus. Landlord, cook, sweeper, stable cleaner and all tho hungors-on wore, however, marched to the ynmen in chains, and every one was trembling with fright. There was much confused jabbering. In the end one of tho men marched away, but in ten minutes he was brought bade with the camera. Ills countenance proclaimed him an arrant rogue, nud when the mandarin siiw that the leather case had been cut open with a knife, aud was Informed thnt three photographic appliances wore sllll miss- lug, his rage was unbounded. Pulling on his magisterial robes, lie sentenced the thief to be thrashed. Ho ueld up one hand ns an inquiry if fifty strokes would be suflldent punishment. Plenty, Intimated the foreigner. Down was tho man pitched on ids face, the legs tied, the flesh bared, and heavy foil the blows. "Weil," said Lowe, "as I've been put to considerable inconvenience over this rascal, I think I'll lake n. snapshot of his thrashing." Aud one wns taken. Tho boating went on mid on, and tho culprit screamed, nnd blood was running from the wounds ou his limbs. "Hasu't he had the fifty yet?" was asked. "Fifty! Why, ills punishment is 500 strokes, aud he has not had 400 yet." A plea wns put forward for mercy. But the mandarin, will', his lips t'lght, would not listen. It was no good tolling him that Hie quality of mercy was not strained, cr that it drop- pot h like the dew from heaven, or that it became tho monarch better, than his crown. He was paid to punish offenders, and he was going to punish them. However, it was soon all over, and Hie wretch lay on the ground groaning, writhing and bleeding. Then In marched the soldiery with five other men heavily manacled. The prisoners foil ou their knees and put their foreheads on tho ground. The mandarin hocked the lot like a Parisian judge. Ho fixed on one as the ringleader of tho robbery. If fiOO stripes was the punishment of an accomplice, what, must be the chastisement of the thief iu chief? Torture was reserved for him. He was made to sit on his haunches. His wrists were tied tightly in front of his knees, aud a pole was stuck between his arms and legs and then rested ou two tables, so -that the culprit swung head downward. Strong twine was slip-knotted about endi big toe, aud two of the soldiers pulled apart. This necessarily brought a tremendous strain on the roped wrists. They blackened immediately. The agony must have boon excruciating, for the mnn screamed. Ho began curling and twisting, but a soldier wont forward and put his foot on the thief's dragging pigtail and so kept his head down. The victim foamed at tho mouth, and whenever ho was on the point of losing consciousness ho was raised up by the queue to give him breathing space, swung head-downward again, and the twine about his toes tugged. It was In vain for the foreigner to appeal that Iho barbarous torture should cease. 'J'horo was nothing for It but to forsake the sickening and revolting spectacle. like that, of n noodle, nud they are carried In n case, which tils .Ihe blade to perfcdinn. The cii^-s nre made ot hard wood, tlie handles bearing beautifully carved Inscriptions, representing the'name of Ihe chief and tribe. Hiese crooked (burgers are carried exclusiyij by the chiefs, the right. tn posses-, them bolus eou.= id("-c,l. n gr'-nt honor In the native country. The krifi Is a dnguer slightly longi-i limn that carried by the chief, measuring nearly two feet, witli a sharp curved blade. There are mimes-ons varieties of these, the blades differing n trine In sl/.e and shape. Tlio krls Is regarded by the mitive Filipino as the most Important of nil his belongings, and his uses of it are many and varied. The more savage tribes first lasso Iho foe, nud after dragging it on the ground until cxlmns-led or dead, use tho knife to sever the head from Iho body, tlie former being taken ns n prize. Tlie native Is very careful to keep his weapon in good con I... '•' uses it in a number of way-", as the occasion may require. In decapitating he approaches the enemy from the rear, striking a lltile below Hie base of the brain. A single blow powerfully dealt will nearly always accomplish the work, but In every case robs the opponent of all power. RULER OF"4oif3^000,000 PEOPLE. Dowager 1-:ini>"-c»" nt China, Who Has Deponed the 1'oiiua Kriuicror. The Dowager Kinpress of China, who deposed tlio young lOmperor, is the ruler of a mighty empire nnd Iho absolute mistress of 400,000,000 human beings. Her will may precipitate the bloodiest war that man has ever known: her whim or caprice mny involve Christendom In the struggle of history. Thft dowager, Kmpivss Tucu-1 son- TIsl. is now tin years old, ami probably tho most brilllmit woman iu the Fast. She was a slave when the late Emperor saw her nnd loved her. In tho Orient tho King is all powerful, and princes may marry beggar girls at their TELOVED BY THE FRENCH Mmr fiiriin'. of Hie , Ilio wld'"V llf U"' nl111 '' Mm "- "I'T he Vreneh i-cpul.ll.'. tyr ri ; ( ' M ;'' i| "\ s ",,,, .r,,,! , .-miy »L n... c^icnude'i"'';'!';- i ;; n ;;;;;',; irmi ,rwns in ipiil n i 1 •'""' ' inii> of in 1 ' 1 ' ., 11 i Itv ! IP 1 I 11 "I 1 " really beloved bv !l land wliile her h ° f '"'"'''''• M 'eon popular S^'«H« maiden name wasJX'l'""* ' DOWAOBU KMCUKSS OV C1IISA. Krom a Drawing by " Clilnosc Artist. I'ccnn a Popular Nul. Next to the chestnuts. Iho pecans an- probably the greatest of American mils that are raised mid used quite universally In must of Hie Stales of the Union. Primarily found I growing chiefly In the Slates south 'of Now York, I heir lino of culture has i been gradually extended lo all parts i of the North* They produce larger crops, however, In the South, lu Illinois a native pecan I roe is found ! which Is said to be as hardy as the ', apple and fully ns prolific In nuts as i tlie Southern trees, Kven In Mlchl- ! gnu pecan trees are now found. In l heir wild slate the. trees are slow of growth and come Into bearing only after a lapse of leu, fifteen and twenty years. Hut those cultivated in orchards produce a bushel of mils iu Ion years from the planting of Iho WEAPONS OF THE FILIPINOS. Tlicie Inland 8nvui:e» Arc Very Skillful lu Their U«e. Before the people of Spain and sonic Americans began to bestow firearms on Hie Filipinos they relied entirely on their deadly knives. Those knives— daggers and Is rises as they are called-- aro exceedingly nasty weapons in the hands of artists. Every savage race 1ms Us own stylo of knife. Tlie Filipinos have one or two which aro peculiarly Interesting. Those savages are wonderfully skillful In handling their strange weapons, ns tho Spanish know now, and tho Americans will probably learn later. They aro small In. size, but, like the Apache, are strong, full of endurance perched upon Hie very lop of Hie crag. ..... . - Uocuuso of the dlllicull climb Stead- seed, and the crop Increase*- gradually well carried only a revolver. Ho np-1 every yenr Ihercnilor. So Important proachod within range ,K the bird and i has pecan culture become In purls of succeeded In breaking one of M.s wings the South and West, Ihal mnserymen UL Hie llrsl shot. The bird fell almost | make a specialty ol raising tlie fives at hi" feel mid when he approached I from seeds, and rt beginner can save It it alt.iokod him with beak and lal-| lime by purdiasing two or throe year ons Ho despatched H with Hie bun i old trees at once for Iho ordiard.- Now York Sun. A BOOd way tu U'v'fU kin Is to "Uud jut" »»m«y4io« on them, uuil I'uiusa W of liis revolver after a brief lighl, In which he received several scratches. The bird was a lieu hawk of remarkable (fixe. It mcliNircd seven feet live Inchon from tit lo Up and Its talons were nearly two Inches long. Now York Sun. Hlrdi at Slceper<. Thu habits of birds In regard lo sleep are very unlike, some lielug very solicitous lo lie In lied In good lime, while others are awake and alum) all nlghl. Hut among Ihe for mur thi! sleeping plnco Is 4lie true home, the donins et penetralia. It has nothing necessarily In common with Hie nest, and birds, like some olher animals and many human beings, often prefer complete Isolation at tills time. SptirrowK, which, appear lo »o to roost lu companies, and Komeilmes do so after u vast amouut ot talk and not rent cuddled ui Mouraera lo Travel In Stale. The ear s-iiops of the Ateiidlug Hall- rmitl t'ompiiuy ul Heading, Peiin., have ju«i built a funeral car. It Is sixty feel long and is divided into Ihree comparlmeiils. The llrst in for tho casket and pulllifurora, «iul H l 'ou- tains n draped eatafnli|ue. There uro six seats for the bearers. The middle compartment Is for HIP mournori* uud i contains ten seats. The tlnlsli Is In 'dark mahogany nntl dark cloth. In , Hie third compnrimont lire somo thirty seats for those Invited lo tho I'uuenil. Tin.' car Is lo be used to convoy fun- oral purlieu for any dlstnucu and Is i>x- pooled to provo n great impruvemont on Ihe present method of convoying funeral parUes ou ivgulur trains, No extra, vUttrgo will Ue inudo so U>ug tin a coi'taln numbtif of Uck«l» OVP sold for the futwisl pufty.—New \(tv\a Bun. •WKAl'OSS OK ITIMI'IXOS. and bold enough to oppose their prim! tivo weapons to those of tho most mod era make. The knives aro small, llnelj carved and highly prized. They tiro much Bought by «urlo hunters. l'erh«p» tho most deadly of nil th Philippine weapons niv the daggers cur vied liy th" chiefs. Thest- nru niadti o Iron, mostly of a poor qunllty, uud ar about eighteen luehcs long. They an crooked or wnvcrlug lu *h»pe, with a uneven murfaw TUu edges ur Si A r«Wi'UW 99U* At« will. Tueu's beauty won her position and power, and her flue brain—scheming through all the years, the real power behind tlio throne—has at last made her the mistress of the Chinese empire. Tuen is not tlio mother of the dethroned Emperor. She Is tho stepmother, which accounts for the cruelty with which she has treated the sacred monarch. The situation in China is this: Tlie dowager is supremo mistress of the country. Kauk Yu Mel, who was going to reform the aut!i]iiu customs of the kingdom, fled lu precipitation. Tlie Emperor, who took from LI Hung Chang the yellow jacket—symbol of power—was made a prisoner iu liis own palace. Tlie crooked slick plow policy Is In the ascendant. Kussia is backing the dowager, nnd Peking is freer, apparently, to-day from the impress of western civilization than ever, (.ire.it Britain see's her glorious trade pros- poets vanishing, and with them tlie United States sees her own hope of commerce iu China dwindling,, i The militancy of Ilussia and the despotism of China have Joined hands ami understand each other. What will be tlie result? Students of China In Washington say that Russia cannot hold her place in the flowery kingdom against Hie march of Anglo-Saxon progress. It Is liberty versus siaveiy, nnd liberty must win. Hut there are men In Washington who freely predict the most bloody war In history and who look forward to the slaughter of millions of Chinese before the question is settled. BULLETINS OF VICTORY. None Has Yet Improved on Cucsar'a Vcni! ViUi! Vicit Not a few of the grout commanders of different countries have, when announcing a victory, endeavored lo Improve on Caesar's famous "Venl, vldi, viol," but the present war has as yet produced nothing striking of this sort. Somo of tlio messages of tlie past are vortli recalling. John Sobleskl, when ending the Mussulman standards cup- ured before Vienna to the 1'opo, also out this message: "I came, I saw, -oil conquered." It Is related of the tusslan (Jen, Suwarrow, when yet a imjor uud In command of nn outpost, hat ho desired lo attack tin; enemy, nit that this wns forbidden under pain >f death by the eomniiiiuler-ln-chiof. ludglng thnt the attack should not be leluyed, Suwarrow dared to disobey or- lers, encountered the enemy, defeated hem, aud then sent this message to tho •ommauder-in-chlof: "As u soldier I deserve death for disobeying my orders; as a Russian, I have done my duty; the enemy Is no more." Tills was Forwarded by tho commiindor-ln-cliiof to tho Kmpress, who In reply sent this dispatch lo Suwarrow; "As a soldier, I leavo you to Iho mercy of tho com- mnndcr-ln-clilef; as a Russian I congratulate you us my lieutenant colonel." Later ou In his career, when lie had captured Prague, ho wrote thus to the Empress; "Hurrah! Pniguol Suwnr- row!" And Catharine, equally torso, again promoted him, thus: "Jirnvo! Field marshal! Suwurrow!" Turouuo announced tlie victory of Diuicu, by which Dunkirk was rolukon from tlm Spaniards, lu these words: -The enemy came, was beaten, I am tired, good-night." Perhaps the shortest message ever sent by a commander win* tho one word Sir Charles Napier chose, wherewith to announce Ids victory at Hyderabad, in the province of Sclnde. H was "Peccnvi" (I have sinned).- London Mall. T1IK. l.ATB 3IAOAMB CA11MOT. When her husband was elected President of the republic they lived in apartments that rented for only !f'J,0(H) u year, nud they left that home with groat reluctance. Their four childieii were educated In music and literature, and In no homo. In France wore the domestic virtues bettor cultivated. As mistress of tho Elyseo Palace, the home of France's chief executive, she was a brilliant success. Her dinners and receptions were regarded with do- IMit by diplomats and other distinguished persons present. She was a woman of charming taste and one of tlie best dressed women iu France, -the assassination of her husband by the anarchist Santo at Lyons, June -!l, ISfi-l, was a crushing blow, but she bore up bravely for the sake of her children aud tin- republic. Although a grandmother, she preserved her beautiful youthful appearance to the last. AN AMERICAN HEIRESS. Who Is • niil to He the Most Hcautifiil of Any in tlto i-'oricly of London. One of the most beautiful American heiresses who have appeared in London society Is Miss Ogdon fiodet. Her fortune is estimated at ?:i,00(),<lf>0, and she is tlie recipient of Iho alteiitious of many titled Englishmen. Miss (.'.oi.-let is a slender, dark-eyed, dark-haired girl, just turned Into her nineteenth year, and has been very carefully educated In Franco, Germany and England. Last year she. formally made her debut in London, was presented at court and created n big sensation all her own. As a child Miss Goolet spent several summers at Newport. Her life has been chiefly spent abroad, and as her fortune is estimated fur beyond that which Miss Vandorbllt received ou her marriage to the Duke of Marlborough MISS OCIDEN OOEI.ET. no wonder she is favorably viewed by tilled English mothers who are ambitious and have marriageable sous on their hands. Vlrst-Nlghter — What! Every seat taken? TIcket-seller-Kvwry one. Hut therfl will lw plenty after tho tlrst apt. 1 BHW a voheaf8aL-"l,ouaoji Tlt-Jllti. Pulil tlio Full Penalty. In the early days of railways North American Indians wore many and locomotives few, but In a comparatively small number of years Ihcse positions have lieon reversed. Unfortunately, perhaps, for lovers of adventure yarns, thtf Interesting experiences of the drivers and guards who accompanied tho first trains which ran from East to West across tho United States have only on rare occasions been recorded In black and white; nnd, therefore, when nn old hand can bo induced to speak of those stirring times, ho Is sure of a ready audience. More than once, remarked an American engine-driver, I remember charging through a herd of buffaloes, which, as the train approached, obstinately refused to leave the line, preferring to fco run down rather than to turn tail on tlio Iron horse. Their surprise at tills strange monster, however, could not havo equalled that of the two Indians who made a desperate attack on an engine, In tlm hope, I presume, of securing Its scalp. Mounted on licet Bleeds, they took up positions, tlie one close to tlio lino itself, and Iho oilier soino little distance to the right on the opposite Hide. As tlie train, which I myself was driving, came thundering along, the latter dexterously throw his Insso over the funnel of <he engine, while Hie former let fly un arrow «t the cab. In the excitement at seeing his follow warrior violently Jerked by Hie lasso clean out of tho saddle, Hie llrst native forced ills horse on to the line, where both paid Ihe full penalty for Ills rashness. The train was stopped, and we rushed to tlie Indian whoso lasso still clung to tho engine, but his fall had broken his neck. The horse, rather wiser than ills master, Hod from tho scene. The Hluuti of Madrid. Madrid abounds In slim*, which are oven greater eyesores than Diana of \Vhltochapcl, There aro labyrinths of narrow old streets, bordered by the most uninviting hovuln, and from the Hiuulor of tUesu abodes spring tho components of ferocious mobs which uru the bane of the city. LUornl, Mamma-Johnny, see that you „.. Eiliel Die, lion's slums of thnt orange. Johnny-Yes, ma. Ethel-"Muutiuu, lie hasn't given niu uuy. Johnny—well, thill's all right. Lions don't eat oranges, PUyulclaua do not communicate wltto tlio delta «rtit»u tbey wlru a ulteletoa. ••\Vliat do you consider tlio problem of a man's existence?" __ ling ld s tnvn consent to crawl out ot bod in Ihe morning." Mlnisler's \Vlfe--Tommy, Cr.nvtlief, you hnven't wnslied yotu- fan- today, Tommy Crowther-'Tnlnt Sunday.-. Smi Kriiuclsco Chronicle. "(ioorgie, don't you HBO (lint .tnnr h inking y>ur cnndyV" "1 don't cure, jl'si the kind that always makes her sick." f'leveland Pialudonlor. Mrs.Wnekum - Ilowdld thnt naughty boy of yours hurt himself ? Mrs. Snap, per-Thnt. R"oil IK'lo l '°y ot >'«"i-s hit him ou tho bend with a brick. Algy -Von say she only partially returned your nlTedlouV Olarenco-Yes. She returned nil tho love loiters, Dm retained all Hie Jewelry.—TIt-Hlls. Goldsborough Yon may say \vhM roil like about Illckelts, but he' 8 nj good us his word. Polndexter-lHit con. sidor how many bad words ho uses. A Tangled Web.—Tommy- P.-i, wily nre single women called spinsters? p a I expect It's been tint) 'they nre always spinning a web to catch u man.--London Fun. Progress. "They say tlio Friday superstition has been exploded In Spain," "Indeed?" "Yes; they've come to Iliink Hint one dny is just as unlucky us another."- Puck. "He says his soldier life reminded him constantly of homo nnd mother;' -How was that?" "They wouldn't let him sleep Into In the morulu$!s."-Chl. oago Evening Post. ••Do you think liooeklo, the tailor, ,, would 'give nio <-' 1 '<' lllt on a sll!t of : clothesV" "Does lie know your >;! "No." "O, In Hint case he would!"- ; Dns Kleino WltKblntt. Coal denier (anxiously)—Hold oul That load hasn't been weighed. It . looks to me rather large for a. ton. ; Driver—'Tnin't Intended for a ton. It's two tons. l)enler--Beg pardon. Go ahead. "No," lie said, "I don't care for poetry, Fad Is 1 haven't time to road much ot anything." "Why." she sweetly asked, "don't you try lo learn to roll your cigarettes with one hand?"—Chicago News. " "This dog. niadmno, would bo cheap m one hundred." "1 would take him, but I am afraid my husband might object." "Madame, you can get another husband much easier tllnii a dog like tha I."—Life. Visitor (to sexton digging grave la ciiurchyardl-Who's dead? Sexton- Old Siivilre TUonihack. Yisltor-What complaint? Sexton (without looking up)-No complaint; everybody satis- lled.-Tlt-JHis. •-yes," remarked the. AVIdow Tacum, < "before we were married I used 1o ail- : mire John because I thought ho was so noble. 1 continued to admire him afterwards; but It was because ho was snub a splendid humbug!" Aliue-Isn'r it sickening the way Mi33 TTp-to-daie tries to put on mannish airs? Anna—Perfectly! Pretended to lose her collar button this morning when she knew all the time where » was.—Harper's Hazar. "1 understand you won the blue ribbon so to spouk, In the examination for the civil service." "I-ah-woiild li.-rdly call it that," answered Hie mlkl young man. "Let us say 1 wou the red tape."—Indianapolis Journal. Tommie-Hullo, Jimuile, what kop' you? Jimmie-Me and tlm ol' man luid an arg'ment. Ho wanted me to^haul some wood Into the back yard. Tom- mle-How did it end? Jiuimie-In a draw—I drawcd it—Truth. "Why is a merchant who does not advertise like a man in n row-boat?" asked the student. "Keeps going backward," guessed his friend. "No; lie is trying to got along without sales," said tlie slndeul.—Spokane Spokesman-Hi)view. She—Before we are married and it 18 forever too late, confess to mo whether there Is anything In your past life that you thiuk I might not approve of. lie '(trombliug)-Well, if you must know ; all, I kept a diary for nearly three , weeks once. Mistress-l saw two policemen sil- ling In the kitchen with you last night. Bridget. Krldget—Well, ma'am, yrt wouldn't hov nn unmarried lady bo sit- tin' alone with only wan policeman, would you? The other wan was a chaperon.—Tit-Bits. "What did Colonel Stllwcll say about the bramlied poaches wo sent to cliocr his convalescence?" "He said he wiu lafraid he was not strong enough l<> '' nt the fruit," replied the little girl, "1>«« that ho appreciated tlra spirit in widen it was sent."—Washington Star. "1 understand that a fellow has lo know n lot to got Into office under »>« Distild. government," said the young man. "Y-e-e-s," replied tho old em- ploye. "H's a good idea for him to know considerable, provided he doesnt toll any of It."--AVashlngtou Star. Mrs. CSager—They uny our government is at a terrible loss what to do with the Philippines. Mrs, Teller-1 know It, and they haven't one of thi«" asked my husband what to do with them. He could solve tho dlflicully IB.' a minute, for I've heard him nay s».— Boston Transcript. Teacher -Now, children, wo all know what tho word posterity means, do wo not? Pupils-Yes, ma'am. Teucln-i'- Well, then, write a sentence containing tho word. (Five minutes later.) "Noffi Johnny, you may read yours." Johnny .-I am sorry for tho kids of posterity that will havo to loarn this war out of a book; we havo n regular snap.- Truth. He Carrie* a Gun, The German Emporor currlos with |ilm n small but Hervieeablo revolver, cither lu his pocket or in his bolt, when lie Is In uniform. His mnjosty Is ox- tromoly skillful in tho uso of tho weapon, which Is lnnp«etod every morning, to make sure that it Is in working order. Hattlo fur Franco'* Prince Imperial, Tho llrst article mndo In aluminum was a baby's rattle intended for tlio Infant Vrlnco Imperial of France, In 183H. Its lightness, brightness tuitl ring Illtixl It ndmlrably for such n purpose; but only a prince could afford such u rutllo In 111.me days. Mimt Not lOxorclMO iii Ilio Morning. Karly morning exercise is denounced nowadays by Ihe mujorlly of hygienic, teachers, At thai lime, they uuy, vitality is at Its lowest ebb, and needs thu stimulation of food. It h* all right for an unmarried woman to enlist to light Hie Dumon Ituni, hut wiidi u married woman does It It canues suspicion to pcn-li ou her liuf-l band. '