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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1963 Are Wo Looking Better? One of the extra dividends to conic out of tin- South Side Interceptor sewer bid opening w;is realization that this area once again is becoming attractive to distant contractors. During the dark years when the St. Louis metropolitan area in general and the Madison-St. Clair district in particular were regarded as difficult territory for construction tvork, we would have been unlikely to have found firms from Mansfield, Ohio. Skokic and Springfield, II]., and St. Louis bidding on such a project. Monday's assortment of bidders from a distance, plus the fact that a Wisconsin contractor already is at work on one phase of the sewer and treatment plant, may contain hints that the area's reputation is wearing off. If such an assumption is valid, we may find the same factor becoming favorable to the area in its bid for new industry to join our already expanding local manufacturing plants. Again assuming this to be the case, the community owes much to the Greater Alton Association of Commerce, which first assumed the responsibility for securing agreement between labor unions, contractors, and industries to relieve the earlier conditions. What we think about... Sewer Extra... School Bonds... Town Inquiry INo Hornhlowing Possible This agreement was worked out over a number of months, patiently and with great perscvcrence. There was no sudden tlasli or flare. Its completion was announced one evening ,it .111 annual membership meeting of the CiAAC, and the CiAAC lias never been in a position to boast loudly of its authorship. It was aimed largely at avoidance ot work stop- p.igc.v resulting from jiirisdictioii.il disputes. The pattern was so effective here and so desirable that other chambers in the bi-county area worked out the same program. The pattern has spread nationally. Yet still there could be little drama and no fanfare, lest offense be taken and the overall balance of growing goodwill between the factions be upset. The bidding on the sewer, however, docs contain what we could view as dramatic proof of the benefit from the settlement. It marks a dividend from GAAC which altogether too few of our citizens realize is traceable to that organization, which many have neglected and allowed to fall into the state of threatened disintegration described recently. Note: 22 Classrooms We hope our readers will note that plans for ad- dition to the Senior High School building to be financed by the proposed $935,000 bond isstle due for referendum Oct. 22 contain provisions for 22 additional classrooms. We say this because prior to the last (defeated) school building bond issue referendum, one of the more outspoken opponents asked us over the telephone at the last minute whether' we realized plans then didn't provide for classrooms in the high school addition. It didn't take long to find out that plans did provide for them. But how broadly this bit of misinformation was spread and how it might have affected outcome of the referendum we arc not likely to find out this side of eternity. Of course we can hope this type of campaign is not used again against the forthcoming bond issue. The plans call for 22 classrooms plus a combination of two elements which will be badly needed by our fast-growing student body — a study hall- cafeteria. Town Account Prescription The grand jury returning an indictment against Ronald K. Rodgcrs, former Wood River township Clerk, did not stop at accusing him of misuse of township funds. It laid out a detailed program of recommendations to guard against such occurances as were charged to Rodgers. But further it urged additional investigation which the auditor probing the township books was unable to go into from the records made available to him. It recommended establishment of certain procedures in accounting that would increase assurance of proper funds handling in a township that has grown tremendously over the years in the amount of public money it handles. Happily the state legislature now has approved a bill that requires counties to submit their books to an annual professional audit. The grand jury did not need, therefore, to extend its recommendations into that field. However, it might have urged for other townships in the county some of the routines it recommended for Wood River. Hitting the Soft Spot Apparently tavern operators were shying away from the "strength" of their opponents in the efforts for extension of opening hours in the county. Before the county board of supervisors Tuesday, Alton Assistant Supervisor Pete Perica offered the resolution, and Assistant Walter Schreiber seconded it. Assistant Robert Miller added a logical amend- ment: raising of the license fee from $300 a year to $450. This could have influenced defeat of the resolution if the measure had even come to a vote. All the action seemingly came from an area of the county where the ministerial committee that has opposed these extensions has shown little or no strength heretofore. Recognizing this fact, perhaps Alton-Wood River area pastors will want to join those in the other end of the county in their campaign against the expansion efforts of the tavern operators. Will They Be 'Fall Guys'? In the wake of investigations of corruption among Illinois troopers, the state should not let the matter drop by allowing the former enforcing officers to remain alone as the "fall guys." Full investigation of this situation should carry through to prosecution of their corrupters. Our state troopers can hardly be paid enough salary to guarantee them all against corrupting influences. Certainly, however, the state should take every possible course to see they arc guarded wherever possible against these pressures. One way to do it it to see that the corrupters, themselves, are brought to justice. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor Readers Forum Late Summer Reverie I've often wondered: What could a boy of 10 years have found to Interest him in downtown Alton In the middle of the summer in the year of 1963? Back some 40 years ago there were plenty of things to interest a barefooted boy of 10. For one thing there was 'that nice long walk. Sure, those bricks were hot to barefeet. But one didn't mind, for going bare-foot in the summer time was one of the joys of boyhood. My favorite corner was Fourth and Piasa Sts. Here on one corner there was Seibold's livery stable where a boy could watch the horses's come and go, and perhaps catch the smell of good clean horse-flesh. On the other comer there was Horstman's garage, where a boy would watch the mechanics working on those new horseless carriages they called the automobile, and catch the smell of burnt oil and gas — the future smell of metropolitan America. On the other corner there was Beall's shovel factory, where a boy could watch the men pound out picks on their forges and catch the smell of hot iron and steel. David Lawrence Court Ruling Isn't The Law WASHINGTON-What Governor Wallace of Alabama did may be subject to wide criticism, but, viewed strictly from a constitutional standpoint, President Kennedy had not one iota of authority to use troops in Alabama. Many people will say that the end justified the means, but this is exactly the rule of expediency which has been used again and again throughout the world to justify a military coup d'etat of a dictatorship. This weakness on the constitutional side emerged when President Eisenhower used troops at Little Rock, Ark., and when President Kennedy did the same at Oxford, Miss., and more recently at Tuscaloosa, Ala. The proclamation and executive order issued by Mr. Kennedy cites two specific statutes as giving him authority for his action, but nowhere in these statutes is the chief executive authorized to use federal troops to enforce court orders. Today 'the only constitutional method of enforcing court orders is by arrests made by U.S. Marshals, followed by contempt proceedings if necessary, and sentences by judges in courts of law. The two statutes cited—sections 332 and 333 of title 10 of the United States code—permit the use of armed forces whenever there is "any insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combination, or conspiracy" that hinders the execution of the laws of a state or the laws of the United States, or that impedes the course of justice under those laws. But the desegregation decisions of the Supreme Court have never been enacted into law and can be legally enforced only by the judicial process itself. The impression given by the president's proclamation is that there has been a "rebellion" and that the state of Alabama itself, as well as its citizens and local officials, has resisted a law of the United States. The governor of Alabama has a right to decline to accept what he considers an unwise decision by the Supreme Court relating to a state law, and to test it again and again. The 1954 ruling of the high court was renderd in a particular case, and it is the right of litigants to bring, in other cases with new facts and to carry them to the Supreme Court on the theory that a new argument might be devised which would modify or reverse a previous decision. Yet the president Jn his proclamation takes it for granted that a federal court decision and a federal law are the same thing, and that the statutes which give him authority to use troops to enforce the laws of the United States are the same as a statute authorizing the use of troops to enforce court decisions. Congress has been in session almost uninterruptedly while the crises in Alabama and Mississippi have been going on and, although a 'majority of both houses of Congress are of the same political party as the preside^ there has not been a statute passed authorizing the use of troops to enforce court orders or requiring desegregation of public schools. The statutes quoted by Mr. Kennedy refer to "insurrection, domestic violence, unlawful combination or conspiracy." But there is no evidence that the acts of a governor who exercises his authority as chief executive of stale to block what he believes is an unwise court order constitutes a rebellion or conspiracy against the "laws" of the United States. State troopers have been maintaining order, and the state militia .was available to suppress violence if the state troopers and local police were not adequate for the occasion. President Kennedy, however, chose to regard the act of the governor himself as an act of rebellion against the authority of the United States, though the statutes refer only to acts that impede the enforcement of laws—not court decisions. (© 1963. N.Y. Herald-Tribune, Inc.) On the fourth corner was the home of the Telegraph. There was no air-conditioning in those days, so the windows would be up and a boy could stand on the sidewalk and watch the press roll and admire the young printer's devil at his work and catch the smell of printer's ink and new newsprint. A trip downtown would not be complete without a visit to the river and the wharf. Here a boy could catch the smell of freshly picked Calhoun apples in their newly made apple barrels. Last, but not least, was a stop at the old railroad station where a boy could watch the trains and the people come and go. Here the smell was of hot steam and burning coal. And if the tired little boy had a nickle in his pocket, he could ride a street car all the way home. Here the smell was always of fresh varnish and new cane seats. Alton had many smells in those days, but they were good smells, for they were of a growing America. FRED J. MILLER Rte. 1 Jerseyville Proud to Be Jew I would like to answer Mr. Trattler's letter of Sept. 3 for Mr. Loeb. I understood a Jew was a nationality, not a religion only. If a man ise born a Jew, how would that change if he becomes a Christian, no matter with what church he is affiliated? Paul was a Roman by birth, but after he became blind on the way to Damascus to persecute the Christians, he then received his Spiritual sight, and became a witness for Christ. But he did not lose his Roman citizenship. Mr. Loeb was not a follower of Christ until he became blind, and was invited to a retreat in Chicago by a man on the street. After attending the retreat, he- went to the library and brought home the four gospels of Christ. I'm sure Mr. Loeb is proud to be a Jew, but much more proud of being a saved Jew. MRS. ETHEL BODE Hartford, 111. Today's Prayer Protect our straying minds, dear Lord, from the cares that infest our day, the deueitfulness of materialism, the glitter of glory which pull up apart from contemplation of the Divine. Help us to find that quietness of mind which will give the eternal an opportunity to speak to the temporal, the infinite to impress the finite, that we may find Thee or be foujid by Thee in the communion of our prayer; in Jesus' name. Amen. —Dotson M. Nelson, Jr., Birmingham, Ala., minister, Mountain Brook Baptist Church. «O 1DU3 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of the Churches of Christ In the U. S. A.) ME. THE GOOD OLD t>AY6 WHEN "WE WECE KEPT AFTEB. SCHOOL FO? PLAYING HOOK.Y! V Victor Riesel Reds Still Organize in U.S. NEW YORK — Leaders of the American Communist Party had a gay time with hundreds of their followers at Labor Day picnics replete with shishkabob and steak cookouts. They ran these outings in the suburbs of several big cities. They had good reason for being carefree. The holiday marked exactly 12 years and nine months since the federal government first got a futile decision ordering the Communist Party to register as a "Communist-action organization" and to obey other sections of the Internal Security Act. That decision was supported by the Supreme Court on June 5, 1961. Yet. not only is the party free to organize and agitate in behalf of the policies of the Soviet Union, but its leaders have not yet been tried, though they have been charged with defying our nation's highest courts. Two of those leaders are now scheduled to stand trial next month. Gus Hall, described by the government as the party's general secretary, is due for the docket on Oct. 7. The other party chief, Benjamin J. Davis, listed by the Justice Department as the Communists' national secretary, is scheduled for trial on Oct. 28. But insiders will wager that the federal court will postpone the cases — and leave the two free to continue operating on $5,000 bail bonds each. They are formally accused of failing to register with the government the Communist Party's membership, finances, sources of income, printing presses and other properties. But this takes on full significance only if one reads the key paragraph of a 132-page report issued against the party by the Subversive Activities Control Board. This reads: "Upon the overwhelming weight of the evidence in this preceding we find that respondent (the Communist Party — VR) is substantially directed, dominated and controlled by the Soviet Union which controls the world Communist movement referred to in Section Two of the Act, and that respondent operates primarily to advance the objectives of such world Communist movement." Therefore according to the board and the courts, Gus Hall and Ben Davis are in effect organizing for and championing a foreign power. Working with them on the labor front is another defiant Communist, Irving Potash. Technically the government has this man listed as national chair- man of the Communist Party's Labor Commission. Federal agents reported recently that Potash has been directing Communist efforts to infiltrate the steelworkers union, the teamsters, the shipyard and waterfront unions, as well as the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers Union — seven of whose leaders and former officers now are on trial in a federal court in Denver. They are accused of violating the non- Communist affidavit section as it appeared in the original Tait- Hartley law. What is amazing about Potash, which is not his actual Soviet name, is the fact that he is not a U.S. citizen, is not in this country legally; yet he is a power in the American as well as the international Communist movements. Operating out of a hotel on West 23rd Street here, he lias become Gus Hall's special trouble shooter. Hall consults with him frequently, knowing well that Potash has strong connections with Communist movements even i n Asia. Hall uses him not only to infiltrate unions and set up recruiting cadres in strategic plants but also for special missions. (© 1BC3, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Drew Pearson Rumania Seeks U.S. Purchases CONSTANTA, Rumania - If wo are to follow the co-existence policy set by President Kennedy we have to know the countries in the Soviet bloc, and to that end I went to see Gheorghe Gheorghiu - Dej, chairman of the Rumanian People's Republic. Stern pictures of Gheorghiu- Dej stare down from all Rumanian government offices, but when I met him on the terrace of his summer place looking down at the dark blue waters of the Black Sea, I found him relaxed and cordial. I recalled meeting him in New York in I960 when most of the Communist leaders had come to the United Nations. There had been a great deal of newspaper speculation at that time as to what the top Communist leaders of the world had been plotting on the SS Baltic as they steamed across the Atlantic to New York. This week, for the first time. I got the answer. "Everybody was Seasick," laughed Gheorghju - Dej, "Everybody except the captain, Khrushchev and me. The Baltic was a 9,000 - ton vessel and tossed on tliu waves like a cork. We didn't have time to do anything except take care of our fellow passengers. "Khrushchev and I weren't supposed to drink, but we finally sneaked a drink before dinner. There were three doctors on board but we even had to take care of them. The newspapers thought we were discussing t o p strategy, but we were only seasick." Congratulated Kennedy I reminded the Rumanian chairman that when I had interviewed him in New York he had said, apropos of the difficulties between the United States and Russia: "When the big bulls are fighting, the little bulls should stay away. Gheorghiu - Dej remembered this, but this time he commented: "The little bulls have a duty to humanity, and when they all pull together they can be a force in the world. "The test - ban treaty," he said, "is a great thing. True, It'i only a step, but it's a step which should energize the statesmen to move forward; to come closer, and open all roads and channels for peace. "We have sent our congratulations to President Kennedy and said that the Rumanian people approve liis position. I believe he will improve the strength of his position as a result of signing the treaty and that he will win out over liis critics. "I also believe that President De Gaulle will ratify," said Gheorghiu - Dej. "The spirit of De Gaulle not the spirit of the French people. They want a test ban treaty and public opinion is strong." I'.S. Trade Ban Gheorghiu • Dej expressed regret over lagging trade relations with the United States, which he attributed to a State Department boycott. "We have tried to buy approximately ten factories in the United States," he said, "factories for manufacturing fertilizer, tires, plastics, electronics, rubber, and various petro-chem- icals. But the State Department has said no." "We bought one plant from the Hydro-Carbon Research Corp. which sold it to us despite state department opposition. The State Department then barred Hydro- Carbon from doing business with Eastern European countries for five years." The Rumanian chairman said that when his government wan not able to buy from the United States, it bought the same factories from West Germany, England, or France. "They are very happy to sell them to us," he said, "and we pay cash. "I discussed this with Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman when he was here, and he seemed quite surprised to hear a tout it. He said he would report it to President Kennedy." (O 1963, Bell Syndicate, Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Daily by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B. Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. McAdams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press ««§§|5^> The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, 111. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; $18 in all other states. Mall subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, .Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs of Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEI'TKMBEK 11, 1938 Three boys, Melvin Gaither, 12; Bob Bates, 13, and Donald Harris, 12, suffered only minor injuries when •truck by an automobile which mounted the curb at the southeast corner of 16th and Belle streets. Michael Brangenberg, 17, Kampsville youth, died of injuries sustained Aug. 3 when he was accidentally "kneed" by a bull. He had concealed from his parents the seriousness of his injury until his condition became serious and hemorrhaging set in. Brighton Community High School building was accepted by the Board of Education and Public- Works Administration officials after minor defects were corrected. Alton girls who had received special Monticello $200 scholarships were the Misses Margaret Hunna, llalsey Herzler, Rosemary Irene Si.'hmitt, and Aneelee VVienshienk. Other girls who registered at the school were Ruth Elizabeth Marsh, Mary Louise Gildersleeve, and Louise Hutchison, of Alton, and Margaret Elizabeth Stauffer of Godfrey. Apprehension of (wo mc'ii in Fairfield, Iowa, broke ti|i what was believed to be a gigantic clover seed thelt ring in Calhoun, Pike, Adams, and Scott counties in Illinois. A Fox (.'reek resident, Arnold Beach, near Hardin, had suffered losses of 1,500 pounds. For the second time within <•» year voters rejected, 'M to 168, a proposal for establishment of a Hartford public park district. Frank Gillardu, principal stockholder and president oi the Springfield Produce Co., announced the company would erect a $250,000 cold storage plant in Easl Hardin. Enus Campbell, city singles tennis champion, and the runner up, Joe Sauvuge, were defeated in doubles finals by Floyd Flexon and "Bud" Stafford. Mrs. Allie .Saylor, 73, who suffered a liip fracture in a fall six weeks before, died at Alton Memorial Hospital. James Murphy, Virden attorney, was named Macoti- pin County Democrat chairman (o succeed George Luker, who was ill. The Ralph Luken Insurance Agency moved its business office from the Commercial building to a location on State street. 50 Years Ago SKFTKMBKR 11, W3 Power from the Keokuk dum wab now supplying the electric motors at Alton Steel Co.'s mills. The current was transmitted from the Alton riverfront sub-station to the sleel plant at 13,000 volts. It was cut into use less limn 24 hours after Keokuk power reached the Alton station. Frank T. McDonald, who worked several munuis on the sub-station at Meppen, had returned to his Alton home. He told how cutting the Meppen sub-station into operation was delayed for two hours by a fallen tree branch. Just before the 110,000-volt transmission line was activated, a test wrfs made at Meppen which revealed a "ground." A check with a delicate meter showed the short circuit was 3',i miles away. Linemen sent to find the "trouble" soon discovered a tree branch that had been blown across the power cables. They removed it, then power from Keokuk was turned on. Alderman F. E. Johnson offered a resolution In City Council calling on Alton Water Co. to shift its mains near the foot of Grand Avenue for 600 feet so the street could be opened to a connection with the county road on the riverfront. Four-year-old Joe, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hoehn, escaped with bruises in a fall of 25 feet from a porch at the family home, 422 E. 2nd St. The boy, who became over-balanced in waving to a departing caller, landed on a stone-paved alley. A doctor's examination revealed no broken bones. International Chiropractors opened a 2-day convention in Taphorn Hall. Delegates were representatives oJ 18 states. Col. Sol Long of Alton was presiding. A county convention of the WCTU was being held in Upper Alton Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Clay Lynch of Edwardsvtlle was presiding. Contractor Riley Wolf, under a city contract, began a fill to widen Market Street between 7th and 8th streets BO there would be space for two lanes of vehicle traffic. Frank Loehr, Upper Alton expressman, was severely bruised when struck by a falling freight car door in the Big Four yards where he was helping H. W. Penfly to ship out a carload of straw. Alton high school football team was to open its play* ing schedule with a home game against E. St. Louis, Coach Lewis Haight announced. Concluding (he schedule was a game with Western Military Academy to be played in Sportsman's Park, Nov. 27.