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PAGE FOUR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1963 Editorials . . . What we think about.. . Sewer Watchdogs ... U.S. News Network Engineers Hold llir Line The "go .ihc.id" on Alton'? <cvcr propr.im «M< presumably sounded bv con tractors, biddme on the- protect Monday afternoon. Not only were the low bidders below the engineers' revised eMimate of the job. It w-,i«. possible to work them into .1 combination ot bids on dr.iw ings of the phase so they tot.illed under the <'»<".000 e^ exceeded by more than 5~ per cent in the lasu June. Mjyor P. \V°. Day TIMS his;h in hi* tribute to not onlv the profesMon.il engineering fit 1115 employed bv the city to design .uid supervise the sewer const ruction, but heaped pr.iiH-s on the special citi/cn-. commission created at hi* urginj; more th.m .1 \e.u aov The citizen* commission w.i* ,n\ .ihubk. lie >.ud, in giving jddition.il Kicking to the protcssion.il engineers in their >tand for sticking by their c«tmute<. \oic of Thanks Due The city wa< extremely tortutute in o^U'.rv.:' <; the service? ot the men who accepted .;rpo-.nfver.: to the special commi**ion. One ot these, v. ali.ui. already ,m e.nploye of the state highway division, has become district highway engineer, and now i* assistant to the state's chict highway engineer. Other member:, ot the commission are highly respected in other phases ot engineering, under private employment. Their suggestions and decisions with regard to procedures, and their judgment of both bids and work, should prove invaluable in assuring that Altcni.m*. get the best possible in sewer construction. The community, long before their job is done. 0^ es these men a huge vote of thanks lor their services. Corralling Eager Beavers XX hen it became apparent former Congressman Peter Mack was in tor a defeat, we regretted the possibility, at the same time hailing the considerable ability ot Rep. Paul Hndley, whose district was thrown together with Mack's in redistricting that grew from new census figures. Congressman Hindley is proving himself an cnter- rr • :'C and constructive Congressman in representing ;• • r-.t-wly-formed district. Among his more recent courageous actions is a campaign to upset a program undertaken by the Department of Agriculture which could pose a threat along lines, but ot even greater power, similar to that of the old TV A against the electric generating and distributing business. Rep. Hitdley arid Rep. Craig Hosmer ot California have introduced a bill that would keep government agencies out of the news distributing business. Some weeks ago the Department of Agriculture introduced a program of distributing larm news over a 19,000-mile leased wire network. The Nibble-Down Process The news would be provided tree to whatever agencies wanted it. It is plain to see. for instance, how some financially hard-pressed newspapers and radio stations might accept this service. Such a move would have a two-edged cttect: It would reduce the income of the constituted news dissemination services and begin nibbling at their security: but it also would provide an incentive tor other branches ot the government to get into the same program, further threatening the existing media. Eastern newspapers acquainted with the situation began jumping on the Ag department's program, pointing out its insidiousncss. And the American Newspaper Publishers Association likewise expressed its opposition. Congressmen Findlcy and Hosmer have given legislative form to this expression ot apprehension. One Side of Aid Ceilings At least th: state has the returns now on one phase of the ceiling placed on state public assistance cases by the Ciencr.il Assembly. Illinois has saved 5460.000 in the first two months ihe ceilings were effective, says Harold Swank, director of the newly-established Department of Public Welfare. Further. Swank told the Illinois Budgetary Commission he predicted the state would save about Sl- nullion before the current biennium has run its course. His report was the first by him to the commission as a code department director. It's at least encouraging to find the legislation accomplishing what it was designed to do—save the state money. \Vc are bound to hear reports in other phases of the ceilings program later. The side that will be in- testing is the effect the ceilings may have on the families which would be getting higher aid without the limitations. Rails Gel Up Steam Maybe the railroads, which have been criticized for failing to take a forward look-and who criticize their employes for turning their gazes backward- can do better with the rear-view mirror, after all. The excursions arranged by the Burlington Railroad on an old steam train, largely for iron horse buffs, might carry a hint of » hint in that direction. The trips have been loaded each time they're t.,ken—so mllL h so that the Burlington has decided to go on with further trips. This riding of the old-time trains behind steam locomotives and in the old-time cars—especially th. open ones for photographers—might turn out to bt the best pleasure business the railroads can offer the public. We can hope so. We hate to sec those old .smoke belchers leave the world forever. PAUL S. COUSLEY, Editor. Readers Forum The White Problem Remembering Another Historic Moment Now that Peking has becim a full scale war of words with this country as regards our iv.ee problem, perhaps it is time that we began to take a tetter look. and in depths, at the problem of race. Too. some of our Fort:;-.: writers are beginning to show a frightening lack of knowledge of this problem. \Ve in America tend to look upon this problem as our problem when it is not. \Ve have a revolution here and that is true, but this revolution cannot be confined to this country. In iact, what we do here is bound to have a most profound effect on the world. We must prove that the white and black race can live together or we must prove that it cannot. Ours is an awesome responsibility. The split in the communist oa:np ro - .\ rv.r. 1 ."? that the cold war is or-dc-r. ard \ve arc coming to f. racY w;\r on an international scale. This prospect has so fnghtened the white Russian that hf has had to discard his cold war pol-.cy. This does not mean, as some westerners, particularly Charles de Gaulle, believe, that the Russian is mo\nng toward the western world. Actually the Russian is now in competition with t lie Chinese for the Revolution. Actually, too the controlling point of the revolution is in Africa and the southern portion of our country. Peking is trying to identify- with the revolution by identifying with the American Negro, and Russian attempts are now being made in the United Nations where David Lawrence Political Foes Aren't Enemies WASHINGTON. —There appeared last Saturday in the press and on TV throughout the country a photograph showing Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona chatting with President Kennedy after a White House ceremony honoring a retired air force general. The news dispatches said Mr. Kennedy, looking over the crowd, saw the senator—who could be his Republican opponent next year for the presidency—and, calling him by his first name, summoned him to his side to share the limelight. The incident was no surprise to anyone who is familiar with Washington customs, but it probably was puzzling to too many people who seem to think that, because persons differ in politics, they can't be friends. Indeed, as Mr. Kennedy called out to "Barry." there was some laughter and one correspondent wrote that the President, "presumably aware of the political incongruity." hastened to say: "We are all friends." It was an incident which emphasizes that, under the American system of government, political differences can be sharp, but most of the men who hold office or aspire to elected posts realize that personal feelings must always be secondary, if not repressed, and that what counts is the thoughtful presentation of one's side of a controversial question. Again and again, not only in federal election contests but in state and local campaigns, men who have been intimate friends find themselves running for office on opposite sides. The public may have a hard lime being convinced from s o m c of the speeches that there is no deep- seated personal antagonism. But there are leu instances where the loser of an election is not among the first to extend his congratu- lations to the winner. It has always been the view of this writer that controversies should be reported and anal>zed in the press, too, without regard to personal feelings, though it's hard sometimes to get readers to believe such an impersonal approach is possible. The last 10 men who have been President of the United States and whom this writer has known seemed to be likeable persons, but. when certain criticisms were written about every one of them, some readers took it for granted each rime that personal antagonism was involved. Thus, for example, letters come in nowadays which use the word "hate." It is stated that nobody could criticize a President without having some feeling of hate or dislike. Such letters are depressing because the American system of public debate and a free press apparently is not thoroughly understood or appreciated by the authors of such missives. ii 1963 N.V. Herald-Tribune. Inc.) it backs the African. To complicate this further, the southeast Asian has become aware of the fact that he is not white, and revolution is coming up in South America along the same lines. China has the advantage in this competition because it is nonwhite, and Russia has an advantage in that it has a bomb. We can't compete because we are white supremacists. Tomorrow is a nightmare — a Shakesperean tragedy — a thing that haunts the human mind: and still, the white race cries its supremacy — and why? Does it know that the non-white races can choke us to death economically? Doesn't it know that it now stands a good chance of alienating the American Negro tomorrow? Does it know that it is a minority, a visible one? Does it understand isolation? Does it know what it means to be cut away from the rest of the world —to be persecuted? If education is the answer to the Negro problem, what is the answer to the white problem? One ponders that — and soberly. WARDELL T. JOHNSON 1009 Carson St. State Aidsters I wonder if the people of this state know that some of their state employes are on relief and receiving government food. That is a fact. The psychiatric aids at our state hospitals often have to have help in order to live. Do the people know that it takes a psychiatric aid 30 or 40 years to go from S245 to S385 per month? These aids must be well dressed also. That costs money. Any other employer tries to get good people and keep them. But not the state. The state hospitals are just stopping places for most employes until they can find a job paying a fair wage. The state gets good people, but loses them as fast as they come in. I say we psychiatric aids deserve to be paid as much as policemen. We must be guards, nurses, and many other things. We would like to make enough to live without asking for relief. JAMES FULCHER, 231 Mounier. Todays Prayer Darts /or Drew Eternal God. Who gave Thy Son Jesus Christ to the world, that all who believe in Him might have eternal life, give us strength to follow Him. this day. so that at our work, in our homes, in the classroom, in our recreation. \\e may stand for the things HP stood for. May we be willing to sacrifice things close to our hearts if holding on to them would mean betraying our Lord. Keep us from imagining that to follow Jesus Christ is easy. Help us to see that His way is the way of the narrow road and tin- narrow gate Amen. — Roy H. .Sti'tlor, Jr.. Cheverly, Md.. minister Cheverly Community Evangelical Unit e d Brethren Church. i f I.M63 by Ihe Division of Chii^Iuii hdji.,itiou National Council of Ihe Churches ot Christ in the U. S A i Although I have not always been one to agree with your editorials I feet a strong urge to give you a pat on the back for your new editorial page, it's one of the most attractive layouts I've seen. Some night won't you enlarge Drew Pearson's phoio just a little so we can have a good target to throw poison darts at. Thanks. JOHN BOLAND Godfrey Forum Writers^ote Writer's names, and u<i- drcssosi must hi- published witll letters to the Keuderu Forum. Letters must be concise (preferably not over 150 words). All are subject to condensation. Drew Pearson Franco Not So 'AMD IP SHE (AMERICA) DOES NOT JUSTIFY TWAT HOPE-MEN WILL BE THROWN BACK UPON BITTERNESS OF DISAPPOINTMENT, BITTERNESS OF DESPAIR""" WOODROW WILSON U h » \* I Hi i - f V I 7\ I* />" _! i --.,._,- Distributed by United Feature Syndicate, Inc. Allen-Scott Report Emergency on Gold Reserve WASHINGTON - With direct Federal Reserve cooperation, the Kennedy administration is set to resort to a little - known emergency power in the event the continuing heavy drain of gold reserves slashes the total below the 25 per cent .required for currency coverage. When the country's gold reserves sink below the $12.3 billion minimum necessary for currency backing, the Reserve Board will suspend this statutory provision. This extraordinary authority is included in the same decades-old law that established the 25 per cent currency coverage. The Reserve Board has never invoked it. But Reserve Chairman William McC. Martin has agreed to do so if and when this grave monetary crisis arises. Purpose of this unprecedented action would be to make good the President's proclaimed intention to continue a "free gold" policy; that is. delivering gold for dollars on the demand of foreign creditors. He has declared that our entire gold reserves are available to back up the dollar in this manner. Treasury Secretary Dillon has disclosed the Reserve Board's unannounced intention to congressional leaders with jurisdiction over the President's recently-submitted elaborate program to cope with the increasingly serious balance - of - payments • deficit problem — of which the persistent large loss of gold reserves is a key consequence. Since 1958, the payments deficit has averaged around ?3.5 billion a year. In 1960 it soared to $3.9 billion; this year it is running around $3.2 billion. In an effort to plug the menacing gold drain, the President proposes to tax the purchase of foreign securities; in effect, a "sales tax" on investments abroad. The Ways and Means Committee will act on this shortly. The Reserve Board's highly significant position was revealed by Dillon at a meeting with the Joint Economic Committee, headed by Senator Paul Douglas, D- 111. The committee is studying the complex balance - of - payments deficit issue, and Dillon was closely questioned about administration measures to deal with it, particularly the continuing evaporation of the gold reserves. Since 1952, they have plummeted from $23.2 billion to $15.6 billion. That leaves only $3.3 billion lover the $12.3 billion minimum> for meeting potential foreign claims of more than $22 billion. The bulk of this $7.6 billion loss in gold lias gone to France, West Germany, Italy, Japan and other Western countries that have hene- Allen filed enormously from U.S. economic and military aid. During this period, U.S. foreign aid expenditures have been more than $45 billion. If the gold outflow continues at the rate it has in the past five years (around $1 billion a year), the reseives will sink, below the required 25 per cent currency coverage by 1966-67. Senator Jack Miller, R-Iowa, asked Dillon what happens then. "You state that currency deflation is out of the question," said Miller. "It seems to me that if we continue at the rate we are going, within a matter of two or three years we won't have any free gold to deliver in payment of debts to foreign creditors. In that event, won't we have to devalue the dollar in the world market because we won't be able to deliver gold when it's demanded?" This contention was flatly rejected by Dillon. The Treasury head emphatically asserted that devaluation of the dollar is wholly out of the question. (C !!*>3, The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) Tough These Days MADRID — Some of my renders will probably faint when I say anything good about Dictator Franco of Spain. And some critics who have claimed that I sold out to Khrushchev will now say that I ;;old out to Franco, too. However, accurate reporting compels me to state that the onetime police slate of Francisco Franco has changed a lot from the old days: and, jusrt as tough Stalinism in Russia has given way to more moderation, so the dictatorship which once ruled Spain has relaxed considerably. The average Spaniard scarcely knows that it is there. The political structure of Spain has not changed. And Franco is still the boss. But he's a very relaxed and somewhat aloof boss who has now become something of a legend. He is seldom seen by the Spanish people, except in photos, usually homey scenes playing with children. Sometimes these are shown in contrast to the pictures of troubled Viet Nam and strife-torn Algeria. Now 70 Years Old Franco is now 70 years old and with this ripe age has come considerable complacency. Speculation as to who will be his successor is one of the favorite Spanish pastimes, and the consensus is that Gen. Nunoz Grandes. now designated vice president, will be the man. Gen. Munoz Grandes also is a relaxed individual who rides in the front seat of his car alongside his chauffeur and told one ambassador recently that he would like to invite him to lunch, "but I live in such a humble home that it would not be good enough for you." Munoz Grandes is now 67. And since Franco's father lived to be 96, and Franco has been talking about his grandparents who died in their eighties and nineties, it may be that the vice president will never succeed to the presidency. 'Callow Youth 1 Meanwhile this "callow youth" of 70 has brought forward some younger men who are partly responsible for political relaxation in Spain. One of them, Minister of Commerce Alberto Ullastreg. appeared on TV during the campaign to keep the Spanish cost of living down and announced that foreign products would be admitted to Spain at reduced tariffs if prices increased. Already some tariffs have been lowered. Other Spanish "New Frontiersmen" arc Navurro Rubin, minister of finance: l»pe/ Bravo, minister of industry: and Manuel FrugM. minister of information. The latter has been relaxing press and motion picture censorship, though censorship has not actually been removed and all Columbia pictures were recently banned from Spain because of displeasure over Columbia's filming of "Behold A Pale Horse" starring Gregory Peck and Anthony Quinn. Hill War I'icturc The picture is taken from Erne- ric Prossburger's novel "Killing A Mouse on Sunday." and deals uiiii ihe Spanish Civil War. There has also been some easing up on Protestant churches, as will be described in a future column; and about one - fourth of the government trade unions or syndicates now have bargaining clauses in their contracts. Hitherto labor merely took the wage scale decreed by the government. Strikes are still illegal, hut the new wage contracts permit the right to bargain. Another change has been Franco's appointment of a straightforward ambassador in Washington, Antonio Garrigues, who lias refused to go in for backstage lobbying deals to influence Congress. Has I'ros|M-rlty Finally, Spain is relatively prosperous and there has been a tremendous building program, especially in Madrid and the resort areas along the coast. If you ask a Spanish cabinet member the reason for this prosperity, as I did. he will reply: "Civil order." While this may be true, Italy, which has had its political ups-and-downs, is one of the most prosperous nations in Europe. (£ 1963, Bell Syndicate. Inc.) ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH Published Dailj by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. B, Cousley, Publisher Paul S. Cousley, Editor Henry H. Me Adams, Business Manager Member of: The Associated Press -a^ggro The Audit Bureau of Circulation Second Class Postage Paid at Alton, III. Subscription price 40 cents weekly by carrier; $12 a year by mall in Illinois and Missouri; S18 in all other states. Mail subscriptions not accepted in towns where carrier delivery Is available. Local advertising rates and contract information on application at Telegraph business office, 111 East Broadway, Alton, Illinois. National advertising representative: The Branham Company, New York, Chicago, Detroit, and St. Louis. What They Did Then — News From The Telegraphs o/ Yesteryear 25 Years Ago SEJ'T 10, 1938 The dredge boat "Ste. Gtnevicne" agiiin \\afc slowed Ijl its operation wlu-n a submerged flat cat. loinuilv Used to dry-dock IKKUS. and railroad track non wnc encountered after two days and 20 <••«•! of pio^ros. In use years before, the flat cars were just below the MII- facr of the water on tin- track. John heftier. 1^, son of Mi. and Mrs. Thomas li Leifler, was injured fatally, and Calvin Vantrcu.M 19. was hurt when a roadster Vantna.M was driving o\ei turned on a newly paved highwa.\ at Krlwartl.sv ille tire of early nioinin;; deMmyed a h.nn mi im old RinttCTiiig Jiuim'slrad at Uuud Ki\ei The 96-di'^iec U'liil'eral'.ju^ vuie in-dm aluli'd in a bhower-and-cooliug irond mount' in hum the wesi which already had dropped the mercury l.i degrees. Four scholars-hips were awarded by Shurtleff College Conservatory. Reripienl.s were Mis» Mary Jean (ireer of Greenfield and .Miss Marie Barber, piano; N Kolas Bavus, \oiee: and Miss Kli/abeth Oetken of Bethalto. nuiMc teacher. August'.s 51) death* surpassed all otliu months of the >eai Its tii;! lurlh* m,irked a decrease of 10 from the |nv\ ions month l.ir O. Irving Jacobsen and Dr. Adolph Schock were added to (he faculty of Sliuiilell College. K 11 Seluppers. superintendent ol the Shell Petroleum Corp. refinery at Roxana. was visiting here wilh the Joseph C. Aldotis lamily in Fainiumnt before In in.: iiaiislenvd to duties at The Habile. Holland. Nick Carler. 2.). Alton, who liiilid HI an eaihei at- li inpl in tn'i'nk (lie MUiiiiiiiiix record fu'Jii Alli>n ti» SI 1,'nn.v »aid he intended to In ayaiu. eompeiiny ayam.M Aitliur Hetcel ol SI. Louis. Oil on tll( walen> at Hail- lord had thwarted both men in their attempts. Two automobiles were heavily damaged when a lighted cigarette was tossed into a gasoline leak by a pedestrian along Illinois avenue south of Broadway. McCoy Transfer softball team defeated Community Dairy. 7-0. to take the City Softball League championship. Hed Zumwalt. the winning pitcher, was aided by "Big Boy" Peterson's two singles and a double. Zumwalt allowed four hits, and struck out nine. 50 Years Ago st;i»T. 10, ion Alti'ii city officials' planned a friendly audit to determine 10 whom highway commission hinds in hands 01 toniHT SupeiAisoi John L'lble should be distributed, Both Alton and titxllic.s had claims to the Kind of more than $4,000. Because of the change in the township lines, due to Alton being made a city township, Elble had been waiting a court order for its distribution. First electric power from the Keokuk dam reached Alton about mid-forenoon over 60,000-volt high tension cables. The "juici 1 " was turned into the lines to Alton shortly alter completion of connections at the Meppen sub-station in Calhoun County. More power was now available for Alton Steel Co., which was ready to start its 10-inch mill, and also for Alton street lighting. A start was made in erection of steel poles on the riverfront which were to carry Keokuk power lines to industrial plants east of the city. A derrick of Illinois Terminal Railroad was being used to erect the towers, some of which were over 100 feet tall. Irving school's increase ot about 60 in enrollment had made necessary the opening of a new class room there. To date, 87 had enrolled in the primary classes. Unused desks at McKlnley building w«re being hastily moved to outfit the one remaining vacant room at Irving. W. D. Collins of Dow, a driver for Stone & Weber on the Keokuk high line, escaped with sovere cuts and bruises when dragged a quarter mile by a runaway horse. Most of his injuries were incurred when the horse dashed through a barbed wire fence. Burglars broke into, the Pan Miller Buggy Co. on Belle street obtaining about $t>.50 from tin unlocked safe and also several rings to value of $100 which W. D. Miller had left in the strong-box for stife keeping. Appointment of Dr. George Worden completed the Alton Board of Pension Examiners. Named earlier to the board were Dr. F. C. Jocsllng and Dr. Hurry R. Lt'llH'll. Andrew Rhodes of Jersey County hud been gravely injured when an emery wheel burst at his sawmill in the Illinois Bottoms, 18 miles west ol Jerseyville.