Page 4 article text (OCR)
ALTON WIMOlvLV TELEGRAPH, TIIUHSDAY, jAK. 11, 1HOO, RESPONSE OF THE NATIVE BORN. By Cyrus Sylvester. How HHti.sli Colonies Hnvn An- sworocl Knjflnml's full For liulp In Ou-slilHg the KOCTM. We've drunk Io Ihr ijurcn, (!oij !>)i-!« hur. Anil tli.- (TOM K\vjiiK<i Ifjvv I., the morn; r,n.«t Irjiint, nn(J tn'si nf (hcni ull sliinil up— A hpiilili \u tlif native burn. The "native born" to whom Kipling refers aft- the colonial bred subjects of luo queen, whoso homos are scattered nil file way around Ihe globe. They are all supposed to be extremely loyal to the Imperial government. Other writers than .Mr. Kipling have assured us of this. There remains also Hie authority of the F/nglisli music hall singers. Fresher and stronger proof of the loyalty of Kngland's colonists is the fact that colonial troops are now fight- Ing In South Africa. Some have been CAXADl-AN MOl.'XTKH VOI.K'KMA.N. sent from Canada and some from Now Zealand. Now Lord Uoborls wants mi-' tivc lancers I'rpm India, iini] Kitchener probably longs for some of bis F.gyp- tlan troops. We In America are most inlen-sied in the departure of the Canadian troops for the fin-off battlefields. Already a full rcgimeni of Canadian Infantry is nt the front in South Africa, and now a cavalry regiment, composed of members of the Northwestern mounted police, is being equipped. 'While the mounted police almost '.o a man (ire anxious to be sent to X;ir. !t has been suggested that the withdrawal of a large number would be impractical ami that there are enough ex-, members to fill the ranks many times. Since tin- announcement that more troops would be accepted from Canada the recruiting olliccs of the dominion have been thronged with volunteers, and the work of .selection Is now going oh with Just the same severity of physical requirement us Is exercised In the enlistment of regulars for -.he British' service. As u majority of the volunteers are ex-moiniied policemen then- Is little to be done in the ,vny of drill- Ing them for their work in Africa. The Canadian mounted police force Is tIn- best drilled and most p"rfoetly 'disciplined of Us kind In the >vorld. Its peculiar adaptability to the service required, thai of scoutirg and genera) cavalry maneuvering in n rough coun- iry. Is 1-ecognlxed. Hie tvork of Hie po- I let- being practically all mounted work and iu a country requiring the greatest possible measure of easy adaptability to circumstances The Canadian police think nothing when out on Hie prairies of mifking a tllght of It Iu n lcm|>cr:mirc In-low zero, with saddles for pillow^ and blankets for sliellei'. They have the kn.ick of getting Ihriiiiuh uppuronHy Impossible situations with tlylug colors, nml this Is directly the result of their training. Which Involves a greater degree of lu- A 1 men physically, most of them of sturdy Scotch or Irish extraction, and tho moral force of the brilliant red tutilc which they wear is a minor revelation of the mot hod by which the liny Hrit- ish Isles govern an empire. Although there are thousands of Indians nud hulf breeds more dangerous than Indians and rough, reckless miners and outlaws in their domain, they ride the plains and. climb tho mountains and keep the peace of tho third of u continent. Their pay is not muiiilieenl. Tho commissioner gets $i.'.<jOO a year, his assistant $1.000. superintendents $1,•100, inspectors, surgeons and veterinary surgeons 51.000 each, petty oflt- cers from .fli to 85 cents a day aud ronstables (the title of enlisted men) CO to 7."i cents a day. Full dress uniform is a scarlet tunic with yellow facings, blue cloth breeches with yellow stripes, white helmet, cavalry boots and cavalry overcoat. All of those mounted policemen are good shots and excellent horsemen. They may not feel quite so much at home on the South African veldt as on their own pralrlos, but they are tough enough to stand Hie hardest kind of a campaign. The "native born" of Now South Wales have answered the call for aid by sending the pick of their "defense force." This force has been organized u ml brought to u high state of elli- ciency in spile of the fact, that New South Wales has always been the most peaceful of Knglaiid's colonies. The New South Wales lancers who have lii-eii sent to Smith Africa never faced any enemy moiv terrible than indigestion or gout, but that is because I hoy lucked the opportunity. Hesiiles about li.noii regulars, with over Kid ollicers. there is in lliis colony llKMiAI. SIKH LAXCKK. a volunteer force nearly l.ooo strong, as well as rillc clubs with the same number of members and a police force of ei|iial numbers available at need for service In the Held. While I ho population of India caniioi in- reckoned as loyal in the sense In which the 'Canadians and Australians lire loyal, their native soldiers tight fultlifully for the empire when culled I: I mil to do so. It is naiural that Lord Huberts should turn to Ihe lighting Sikhs of India to si ivngtheii th- cavalry arm of his Soiiih African army lie lias served nt their side and commanded them in tin- years ihat brought him honors ami fume and they won their share along (In- noriliwcMi frontier of India, in Af- gliiinisi.'in ,'iml even across Hie sens in Abyssinia. The Sikhs, liogrus, .hits and Kuj|>ius n;c union-.: 1 tin- best lighting men in the wiiiM. yet for yunil reiisi'lis tin- "limni- mini nice" has never couuiemiiiced Hie Uinu-hi of pilling Ihem against white The memory of the mutiny is XKW SOUTH WALKS MUt/NTKU Ktl'i.KMAK. dividual responsibility Hunt exists in B»SJ' Othor service lu the world except t'l-luips Hun. of Hie I'nttod Suites. Tho WOl'k of llio force In oonirollliiv: large bodies of hostllo Indians and while;, as wyll 1ms boon marvelous, and their ca- pUbllllluH us a lljjhUiiK body were well ' illustrated In the Kiel rebellion. Tlie mounted police aro big, powerful -n Victoria lias TJ.uiin I'.rltish li'iMip-, In her Indian army. Inn .s.uiin <if iln-M- are In Smiih Africa slml up wlih Sir tieorge While in l.mlysniith. The liuiivc anu) iiumli":-« abmil I III.IMIII men. In lteii^-ul are l!> iciHvc cuuilry regiment*, of \\hich nine arc lancers. llnmbiiy liu» >.e\eii nallv c cu vulry regiments, of which three are lancers. The Punjab Ims four unlive cmalry regiments. Mailra- has Ihrec nullvo I'ejfl- nn'iits of lulled^, and there are per- hups il.noo or ".nun oilier truops Irregu- larlj ori;iini/.ed In \arinns commnmls. Tin-re are, therefore, lii Hio regular c«- lublishim-ni ;',:! well trained native eav- airy rcgimi-Mts.'uf which l.'i are hincers. Tin- native cuvalr.v regiment usually consists of iniir si|ii;idrons It has I'lglil llrlllsli iilllci-rs, one medicul oil) cor, I" native oihoers ami Hi is noncommissioned ollicers and men. If Indian troop-i an- ial,cii to South Africa, the liner*, will lind iliomsolvoH "fticitiH u mo*) heterogeneous mixture i>( lighters from all parts 4< f the caiili, oncli of them n "nuilM- sun" who bus ruwlied MCIOSS KCIIS to holp maintain tho empire of "the widow nt Wlml.M»r." MR, MOODY'S WIDOW. Tlio l.nlr I'.t iiiiui-lt-il'i lli'lnnicct n Succt I'ni-i'il. Miillii'i-l) \Viiinna.' Mrs. liwlght 1,. Moody, widow of the great evangelist who recently ended Ills lony and active career, is u pleasant faced, low voiced, motherly look Ing woman who bus never shared or wished to sli»ro lu the publicity of hot late husband. She has, however, taken her share of the work. For many years she lu-cotupitniod him In his tours, bearing uncomplainingly the discomforts of travel and helping In the revivals. But always she has kept herself In the background, and only those who knew the great evangelist Intimately have heard of this gentle, sweet faced woman. Her maiden name was Miss Emma C. UevclJ. She Is a sister of Fleming It. Uevell. the Chicago' publisher. U was In 1S(>2 (hat she first mot Mr. Moody, who was Ihen just nt the bo- MUS. |i\VH;HT !.. MOODY. ginning of his career us an evangelist. ]Miring their lirst few years of m.-irried life their linunciul outlook was gloomy indeed. Mr. Moody had not then made a reputation* us an evangelist, and.-although he was enthusiastic over his .work, there were limes when it seemed that lie must abandon preaching in order to provide for his family. I hiring those trials, us iu the brighter years which followed, Mrs. Moody was always ;i f.-iitlifnl helpmeet. Mrs. Moody is the mother of throe children, two of whom have died recently. She s;till makes her homo in Xorllilield. Mass. During Hie latter purl of her husband's eareor sho was compelled to gi.ve up the life of travel 'and devote herself to her homo and her children. Her plans for tho future huvo not boon announced, but it is probable that, sho will attempt to carry on much nf the work at Northfleld which Mr. Moody had set on foot. A POET BURGLAR. He I» it VITJ Good I'net ami n Very Hud ISurglar. 9 In Thomaston (Me.) state prison isumost singular convict., Ho is known as "tlie poet burglar." He has just completed a book of verse, which Is being widely commented upon. He writes good prose loo. Hut hi; is an unrepentant aud dangerous criminal, so It Is unlikely that Ills literary gifts will Kiiln for him Ids freedom. The poet burglar Is variously known as Paul Id-unison and Fred Irving. He was born iu Nova Scotia and was educated at tin- Koston university. His parents expected him to enter tlie ministry. Instead lie tried to outer a house In Pol-Hand. Mo., and shot ut the policeman who surprised him. For this he was sentenced to serve 20 years In Tliomuston. Hut lliis Portland affair was nm tlie beginning of his career of crime. Hy the lime ho was I!) In- fell Into bud ways, beginning Ids criminal career by petty thieving, which in time led to I'M I. lll-:\.MS(lN. hiirjilary. In iss:i he wu* sentenced to ihe Mas.saclni-.eiis state prison for sev i'ii ycjir.s for beating and rolibing a coachman in u ItoMnn siiimrb. uf lliis sentence In- served .'i jcars ainl 7 months, gi-ttlng 17 iiminli,- nil for good behavior. Itelng of a clerical upprurunro. willi a mild manner, liennlson never attracted the ullcntiun nf the police, lie posed as a di\ inil.v student or minister, UN tlie occasion Inlylit require. Sometimes In- canvassed for a religions pu per. When stopping at nl^lit at some good clmiv.hmiin's house, lie would guHier iqi ulial valuables there were to be hud and ghe nn aliinn. declaring he had scared .-iwuy a liurnlar. Uurlug lib! slay at TlioinaMoii Don- nltioii bus earned Hie title of -'the literary convict." Ills verso Is above tin.' ordinary. BRAVE ARMY MISSION A lUlES BY JOHN F. WILLOUOHBY. m (if the Ilrotlirrlmoi of S*. Atiilri'iv .ami Tliolr Work 1» I lit- r>i)ll|>|>li>(-M. It Is probalile that army missionary work has never been carried on with greater zeal than by the missionaries sent by the Brotherhood of St. Andrew to labor among the American soldiers in the Philippines. This organization. Is connected with the Episcopal church. Us missionaries have closely followed the firing lines in Luzon. In faci. there is otic Instance on record where one of these earnest missionaries made a u attempt to hold a service while i\ battle was In actual progress, lie would have succeeded, too, had not the commanding officer ordered that the service be deferred until after the lighting was over. These missionaries of (St. Andrew have frequently goue from point to poiut of the tiring |iue while the bullets were whistling. They have talked to the men who were pumping lead at the Filipinos aud have aided those who Imd been disabled. One of the most zealous of these missionaries is John Howe Peyton. He has been a soldier himself, having en tcred the a,rmy for the express purpose of studying the actual conditions of the men so as to bo lilted by experience to conduct Christian work among > them. After three mouth's' .service, during which time he became a sergeant In the Second volunteer en giueers, lie began the work In which be is at present engaged In connection willj the Brotherhood of St. Andrew. The Brotherhood of St. Andrew bus but one object, "tin 1 spread of Christ's kingdom among young men." Wherever young moil congregate, there the brotherhood seeks to be. IIonce whon the troops of the I'nited States wore mobilizing fop war it was natural that tin. 1 society should take advantage of such a hrjglit opportunity to conduct a new branch of the work. Accordingly a delegation of the society was sent to the Philippine Islands and established its headquarters in the city of Manila. In April last, with two clergymen and another layman, Mr. Peyton left for Luzon aud upon arrival at Manila MISSIONARY JOHN H. PEYTON. rented a house In the Malate district, lilted nj) reading rooms with a large supply of books', magazines, implements for games and writing material ami throw open the doors to Hie soldiers. The men (locked to the place and have; mado it one of their chief rendez- vouses iu lime of leisure ever since. Newspapers from all purls of the world lire sent llu-rv -by tho- friends and relatives of tin- men. and by u sys- tom*of Interchanging those the soldiers are £t all times uhlc to obtain u collection of American newspapers with tho lutes! news of tin- home country. Workers from this center are used in many ways In connection witli the general plan of helping tho helpless. Tho Itov. Hugh .Venn-root!, who lias charge of tlie house, dcvolcs himself to regular visiting at the Second Reserve hos- I'ila.l. ministering to the sick from cot to co! .unl holding public services In tin- Inrgc dliihiL' room there. During tlie week the Kev. .lames I.. Smiley. who is libra: ;. : at the licud.|iiurtors, tia\-:'ls by tail to Hn> d.:.'erenl towns Hid centers between Mulolos and An ijeles He curries service books, holds mcci,ii-:s ami whore- practicable or- gun! cs Itihlo classes mid brotherhood Wrli.'ii.ir material is also distributed ind received with great appreciation, I'ho exigencies of war huvo hindered Jie porfoil execution of ihe plan to lid ve one earnest hum! of workers in i-iich company of the army, bill with ho rclnni ol peace and with the ur- •|MI| of more workers the missionaries :iopc to luivo their |ilan> in lliis dlrcc lion fully realixei) Th been without Its lungers, the members of the In-other liood being pledged to go anywhere in inn-Milt of Hie objects of llicir mission, Hid the close proximity of hostile rille en lias never deterred them. Mr Peyton ha.i In his possession M build which passed through I|M. ru. MI in which lie w«s on .lime in u lien UK liMtlle of Sun I'd nniiilo riij,-ci| I'm HI,-, ,> hours. To pass ninny the llriii;-. I!" during tbe progress of a bin tie Iliese workers have frei|iieitily done, i as risky :is Inking part In ihe liulii, I i;i there WIIH never any lllnelilnt:., and r •• respect of olllcers and men lia^ l-eci, won by the devotion (o duty of the in'-. of SI. A in,) re w. FRENCH STRATEGIST. IN nirrrlliiH HIP Ho IT III tilt' \l<-llll(v l( | l.llll.VHItlllll. The rcorgiinlziitloii of the Boer campaign around I.iid.vsmlth, which has resulted In the elaborate system of In- trench men ts that have been flu-own up and the Improvement In the artillery lire, is said to be due to the Influence of a skillful French soldier who has Joined the Boer forces. This Is Colonel Count de Vlllebols Maretill, who left I-'rancc nearly two months ago for South Africa. It Is understood* that his services were secured through tho efforts of Dr. l.eyds. who'Is President Kruger's agent In Hurope. Colonel Mareuil Is the scion of on old Breton family aud IB about BO COI.OXKI. COUNT GKOUCVK 1»K VlI.LEr.OI9 MA- UKUIL. years old. As a lieutenant ho fought with great valor iu the Franco-Prussian war. He hold successive commands of a regiment In Chalons-sur- Marne, as chief of the etat, major of the Algiers division. Ihe One Hundred and Thirtieth infantry, the Sixty-seventh In Soissons and finally the First regiment of the foreign legion in Oran. He looked with some displeasure- at the continual changes in the ministry of war the while his own rank remained in stain, nud, weary of waiting for promotion to the genera Icy lie so fully merited, he resigned his commission In ISJKi. A PROGRESSIVE WOMAN. of a VHHKHI- Alutiiniu 0 "What becomes of ho college girls'?" This question is often put. It cannot be answered in a w , u general way, but an example may lie found In the career of Mrs. Thaddetis Stunwood, who was recently elected president of tlie Vassur Alummo association ,of Chicago and tlie northwest. In tlie lirsi place, Mrs. Stanwood be- onme n wife and mother. Women may do that without a college training. But Mrs. Stanwood has boon making use of her book knowledge. She lias taken a prominent position in educational matters and is a recognized loader in the "forward movement" for women. Recently .she was re-elected to tho chairmanship of tho Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs, and. though comparatively new as a statv worker, sho knows how to "make things hum," to put it expressively. For throe years she has served on the board of education iu Kvanston, Ills., and In this capacity systematically visits the schools. MILS. rilADUKUS HTANWOOD. Two years ago Mrs. Stun wood wnis ilaeed at the head of eiiiicutioiiiil af- 'airs as conducted by clubwomen. This work is really tremendous, Including is It does u little of everything from lie clolhing of needy school children n the hanging of high class pictures >ii Ihe walls of schoolrooms. Indeed ho work has been so successfully cur- 1 -led out that clubwomen in other stales lave been aliruetcd, and even the mi- iolifil edlleuHoniil committee of the General Fedora lion of Women's Clubs s pleased In Its reports to give uilUMiml space to tho educational doings O f up.. llllM CltlbWOUH'U. i BUSY SHIP YARDS ! IN MAINE. ji Revival of HIP stili>l>nild I ml n M i- y Mnkcn num. Mnlno's ancient* Industry of shipbuilding, which him languished for so uinuV years, has come to life again. The shipyards (it ttnth, Camden, Millbridge, liockland, Mnclilus and other ports, where were built the old time clipper ships that sailed to the East and West Indies, are once more busy. During the your just closed there Imvo been Itiuncliod from the shipyards at the old Pine Tree. State vessels whose total value exceeds $8,000,000 and whose tonnage amounts to 62,000. There are now on the stocks $4,000,000 worth of new vessels, aud the prospects are that In 1000 a new record will bo established. But most of the new vessels are 01 n. fur different nature from those which In years past came from these same ways. Nearly all of the larger ships now being built are of steel. The smaller vessels for coasting trade are still built of wood, and n few big wooden merchantmen have been turned out, but the steel tonnage Is mtic.li in excess of the wooden. Different In rig. loo. are those new vessels. The old clipper ships were nil square riggers, with three big masts crossed by giant yardanns. The new vessels are schooner rip. Some of them have live masts. It has been found that a small crew can handle a great ship with a number of mtists, while the old square rigged clipper ships carried big crews. One of tlie largest of the new schooners, which will carry about. 4.000 tons, will require a crow of but ten men all told, a master, two mates, a steward, an engineer and live sailors before the mast. A square rigged ship of half the sizo would need a craw of 21 men to handle her'. The high price of materials, notably of steel, lias been a decided drawback to building, but on account of tlm greatly improved condition of tin; freight market high prices can be ob- rtn : rJ~Z - MAKING. THE ItlHSOK A STKKL SHIP. tallied for vessels, aud nothing short of a collapse of business'generally will prevent great activity in the yards for years to come. Such has been the advance in prices of materials since March that a vessel formerly costing $30,000 has cost this year $-40,000. Hard pine lumber has advanced about $10 a thousand, sailcloth iiO per cent, iron and steel nearly 100 per cent, oak and native woods from 25 to 40 per cent, and, what seems to be the most complained of, iimnila hemp has advanced from about G',i cents u pound to 10 and 17 cents. The Pondleton brothers have been offered $30,000 for their uew schooner, that cost them $;5(!,000, but they refuse to sell sit less than ifuIi.OOO, saying that it would cost nearly or quite that amount, to replace her. The four mast- ed schooner lomi Tunnel], recently launched at Millbridge, cost about $4.5,000. Nhe had scarcely been launched when the owners received an offer to pnrcluise a I n considerable advance over the cost, but they declined to sell at less tlihn $70,000. The little three masted schooner John AM MX well, launched at Miilbrldgo last summer, divided $],l.'SO among her owners In the first two mouths sho was iilloat, which IK at the rate of about ,'!.") per cent a year on the Invest- IIIOIII. Schooners like ihe John B. I'ruscoit uuil the Nathaniel T. 1'nluier, which curry ahum l.iuo tuns of coal, Imvo liccn slocking ('ruin $7,000 to $0,000 a trip lately, mid their expenses are small compared with iho.sc ni 1 a square rijf- gcd vessel of the same si/.e. When Hie IMMIIM begun in Hie freight market lusi fall, whippets began to rciill/.e for the Hrsi lime i^ui Die American coasting Ili-ei had been sensibly decreased by u red; mid deca-.V and thai (here uen- not onoiigli vessels to curry ilie eiii-gocs to I;,, moved. In r«- eem years iliciv bus been Illlli; build- Ing for the cniist ur for any other trade, and what Mule lias been done IN represented chiefly by schooner* of large size fur con) carrying. Few vessels of medium sl/o have been built find'tin small u-ssols. while gales Ilki. those of November, lisiis, ami the. last summer liuve swept runny roasters from the sea. Them are today upon the Atlantic mil gulf coasts (lying ihe American Hag only MX vessels of -Kit) tons route- IIT and upward and only jj"0 hargos if over riiKi.tons. Business has In- •tviisi-d fit) per cent. From this It Is ilalu Unit more vessel* of ;too to 800 IIIIIH must l»; Imllt, mid with sueli ness npporiiinlHos as huvo boon n the last few mouths down oust ;>lii(,' peoplo will not bu slow to act.